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Digitized by LjOOQIC 

WS. //^ 

Digitized by 


Digitized by LjOOQIC v< 



Neyir Univerfal^ Etymological 

An Additional Collediion of Words, with their Explications 
and Etymologies from the Ancient Briti/b, Teutonick, 
Dutchy Saxon^ Danijb, French, Italian, Spanijh, Latin, 
Greek, Hebrew, Ckaldee, iic* each in its proper Character. 
An "Explication of Hard and Technical Words, or Terms, in all 
Aats and Sciences ; with Accents dirediing to their proper 
Pronunciation, fhewing both the Orthography and Orthoepia,,Q{ 
the Englijb Jengue. 


With fome Hundred Cuts, giving a clearerldeabf thcKTcFIj^esl^ 

not fo well apprehended by verbal Defcription*. 


A Colledion and Explanation of Wo&ds and Phrases ufed in our 

antient Charters, Statutes, Writs, Old Records and Procei^es at 


ThcTheogony, Theology, and Mythology of the Egyptians, 
Gre«ks, Romans, Vc. being an Account of their Deities , So- 
lemnities, Divinations, Auguries, Oracles, and Hieroglyphicks. 
jt IVORK ufefutfor fuck as would understand what they Abad 
and bear, speak what they mean^ and write true 

To which is added, 

By N> B A I L E Y> 


Conr«£ted and much improved throughout, by the Addition t>f 

Great Variety of Examples, explaining the true Significations 

of the Words, taken from the befl Authors. 


Printed for WILLIAM C A VELL, Holborn, 



Digitized by 


T H ^ 

P R E F A -C E. 


f^l^^^hpllSlI JIE £ff^/^ Tongue, the prefent Soetcb of Greaf 
Britain^ and the Subjed Matter of this Didionary^ 
lis a Compound of amcient Languages, a« Britijh^ 
JW^IJb) Saxouj Danijbf Norman and modern t'remh^ 
Lath and Greek. From the five firft of whicl^ 
the Bulk or converfable Part is derived, and from 
the two laft, the Technical Words or Terms of 
Art and Science. The Britijb Tongue, thougl| 
originally the native Language of the Country, makes, however, 
but the fmalleft Part of the Compofitton. For the Britainsy having 
been gradually weakened by their Wars with the P/Vf?/, RomoMs^ 
Saxmsy Darusy &c. for the Space of one thoufand Years, were, at Jaft 
obliged to retire over the Britijh Alps^ carrying with them their Lan- 
guage into that Part of Britain call'd ffhlesy where they have pre- 
fervcd it to this Day. Mean while their victorious Oppreffors have 
outed the proper Owners of their Country, and not only occupied ^ 
their Lands, but induftrioufly difleminated tlieir own Languages. 

The Roman Legions, though they rcfided fome hundreds of Years 
in Britain^ made no extraordinary Alteration in the Britijh Tongue, 
ib tenacious were the Britains of their native Language at that Time. ^ 
Nor did the Danes make much more, by Reafon of the Shortno6 
of their Reign, which was but about twenty feven Years, except in 
fbme of the Northern Counties, where they made thefr fifft Settle-. 
ments, about 200 Years before they arrived at the fupreme Power. 
To this may be added, the Averiion that their Barbarity to the > 
Britains had wrought in them, to their Govemmant, Perfons and 

The Saxonsy by a longer PofTeffion, did more fupprels the Britijh 
Tongue, then mixed with fome Latin and Danijh^ and cultivated 
their own Tongue univerfally throughout the Kingdom. 

To them fucceeded the Normansj who induftrioufly laboured to 

eradicate the Saxon Language, and eftablilh the French in its Stead / 

^ ^ and 


•nd by this Means^ the prefent common Speech of England is fyr 
the greateft Part of a Saxon and Fnnch Original. 

But as for our Technical Words, or Terms of Art and Science, 
we, like the v^l of the Natioj^s bf Europe^ have fetch'd them from 
the Greeks ^nA-Latim^ together with the Arts and Sciences themfclves. 

'We have likewife^ by Commerce and Converfe, introduced many 
Words from the French^ Danes^ Girmansj Italians^ &c. 

By this Coalition of Languages, and by the daily Cuftom of 

Writers to introduce any emphatical and figni/icant Words« that by 

Travels or Acquaintance with foreign Languages they find, has fo 

* enriched the Englifi Tongue, thai: it. is become the onoft copious in 

Europe J and I may .(I believ*) venture to fay in the whole World : 

So th^t we fcarce w'anf a proper Word to exprefs any Thing or Idea, 

without a Perijftirafis, as the Fr^nck^t (^c. are frequently obliged to 

do, by Reafon of the Scantinefe of their Copia Ferborum. 

' This Copioufnefs of the Ehgli/h Tpngue, rcndring it not poffible 

ko be comprized in the firft Volume, has been Ae Occafion, and 

the general Acceptance that niy Labours therein have met with, tlie 

» Encouragement, for my Prooecdure in it, and prefenting the World, 

with this Second, in order to render this Diflionary as complete as I 

tm capable.' 

.:^ But befides what I would before have infcrted in the firft Volume, 
had there been Room, I have fincc found many Words, and Terms 
6f Art, and have had others communicated to meby-fome Perfons 
of generous and communicative Difpofitions, and have alfo added to 
ihis much other ufeful Matter, not at all in the former. 

And whereas bare verbal Defcriptions and Explications of many 
'Things, elpecially in Heraldry and the Mathematicks, produce but 
a feint and imperfeft Idea of them in the Mind, I have here given 
Curs or engraven Schemes, for the more clear apprehending them. 

And It being fo common with oui- modern Poets, to interfperfe 
the Grecian and Raman Theology, Mythology, &fr. in their Works, 
an Unacquaintance with which renders their Writings either obfcure, 
or at leaft'lefs intelligible and tafteful tP the Readers, I have in this 
Volume taken Notice of .the moft material Parts of the Accounts wc 
have of their Gods, Goddefles, Oracles, Auguries, Divinations, i!fc. 

Ano as there has been among the Ancients, and is not yet grown 
cutof Ufe, a Sort of Language called Hieroglyphical^ i. e. expreffing 
Matters by the Forms of Animals, Vegetables, ^c. in Painting or 
Sculpture, I have interfperfed in their proper Places the moft material 
•Remains we meet with in Authors of thofe myfterious Charac- 
ters, for Afiiftance of fuch as defire to be acquainted with the Dialecft 
of fuch fpeaking PiSures, as our Obt/ir^/ Almanacks were wont to be, 
and fuch Hiftories in Sculpture,, as that on the North Side of the Mq^ 
nument near London- Bridge. 

And again, for the better Underftanding of Hiftory- Painting, I 
have here defcribed in what Form, Poftures, Dreffes, and with what 
Iftfignia, Statuaries, Carvers and Painters, ancient and modern, have 

^ * and ^ 

iV. BA I L E r. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



and do repfefent the Heathen Gods, Goddefles, Nymphs^ Eferoe^ 
Virtues, Vices, PaiEons, Arts, Sciences, Months, t^c. and thro* 
the Wb[>Ie there are inferted many Curiofities too^ manjr here to be 
BMOtioned. % 

A»D /orafinuch as many Perfbns of a finall Share of Literature^ 
2nd not very tonverf^nt in Books, are frequently apt fo accent ViTords 
WToogy efpcdally thoie that are Technical, and fuch as' are not th^ 
noft common, I have placed an Accent on that Syllable, on which 
^ Streis of the Voice ihould be laid in pronouncing : And here I i| 

wwid defire the favourable Cenfure of Criticks, in that I have not ^ 

coDfined myielf to the placing it always on the Syllable that the 
Grnks have i becauie they would, if (o accented, frequently found 
very uocoodi, and barfli to Englijb Ears, and very difibnant to the 
Galin of the Englijb Tongue. 

As 10 the Method of this Volume, k is exa£Uy the (akne as the 
iAj and as to the Etymology, where I could not find any Original^ 
liunre in their Stead writ (Incirt.Etym.) u e. the Etymology is un- ' 
ctrtaiiL Thp' I am perfuaded that many, nay moft of our commoa % 

Words (excepting fuch as are humorous or canting) do owe their 
Original to the Sgixon Language. But the Saxons having been a war- 
like Peopi^ who minded Fighting more than Writing, and the Art 
of Primiog being not then found out, has been the Occafion that 
Aere were few Books in the World in thofc Times, and the great- 
eft Part of them probably deftroyed by the Normam^ and the Iroa • 
Teeth of Ag^ having been gnawing the Remains of them for now 
Mtf feven hundred Years, it is no Wonder, that what is left ^ fii 

But having in the Introduction to the Firft Volume given an Ac- 
toimt inore at large by what Steps and Gradations our EmgEfi 
Tongue is come to be what it now is, from, what it anciently was^ 
sod not having Room here to expatiate, I (hall defift, hoping that 
^ my Laboun may be both as acceptable and ferviceable to my 
Countiyroen, as they have been laborious to me in the Compiling. 

And for the Satisfadion (but not the Imitation) .of the Curious, I 
kivc added a CollcAion of Words, btc. ufed by the CantingTiibta, 

ALPHABETS of the Englifli, Saxon, Greek, 
and Hebrew Cbara£iersy paralleVd for theUfe of tkofe 
wbo would acquaint tbemfehes with the Etymologidai 

Englijb Capitab, ABCDEFGHIKLM 

o.EngUjhCz^ixA]sy a «|5C DCif <5*|)31fikl^ 

Saxm Capitals, ABCDCFC. PIKLflO 

Greek Capitals, AB AEjH T IK.AM 

Engltjb fmall, a bed efghiklm 

O. EngUJb finall, dfeCHefSflliitlm 

Saxon fmall, abcbe pshiklm 

Gr^^^ finally ^6 ^f>ii y i x X ia 

£«^/e/» Capitals, NOPQ^RStVUWXYZ 

0.£;«r/i/»Capitals, BflDPClE^Ca t^jPS? 

5tf;r^ Capitals, NOP RSTV WXY" 

Creek Capitals, NOn P2T ST 

Englijh fmall, nopqrftvuwxy 

o. £^/i/* fmall, tt p q r f t tju tn X p 

5i7A'o« fmall, nopcpiiptsvu P'cy- 

Greek fmall, kov po-r 5** 

Uibrewy 3 .1 3 T D D »•: 



Greeiy Ch X^; Ph * ?> Pf^!|/ Th 0^9 Oo ilw 

Hebretbt Gh n Gn jr Ph g 8h u^ Th /| Ta » 

Saxony Th », »,. That % And 7 * 

jE^Arnt; Vowels, a t i e ".' •• i . • t : \i\ 

Digitized by 

poA^'N E 



.Ai Ai 



tymologiSal and Expiratory 


A a JUwuChmaer, As Italkk, 9 {( 

ve t^ itft letters oi' tbe alphabet ; 
and is all taognages, ancient vtA tnodern, the 
clunAer apftopriated to tlie fame found, 
is the fidi letter, except in thn Abj^/ine^ i. e. 
M ftofk of JEibitpia, 

Tl^K letter has in ^^Englifi language, 
three different Ibon^, the broad^ open, and 
flendcri the broad reCemUing th^ Girman ^ 
in 0Mr mooo^lJahles tiU^ v^/F, ««//. Mt \ 
a which « is pfonoonced as tut in atujty or 
mm IB lmm% mtny of which words were an. 
cieMljr written with mt^ vk fmmU^ wnlk\ 
frhidi happens to be fiiil retained mfiatk. 

A open, wit vnltfce the « of the italiaih, 
h fend idfithtr^ rjalur, aad more oblouvly 
im Jmm^ fil^, ice. 

A QtmAtt or elofs is the peculiar tf of tlUr 

Bm^ijb IttfaagCa refeinbling the iound of 
the Fnath t mafailine, or diphthong ai in 
ftm^ OK perhaps a aiddle found between tbem^ 
or between the tf and r^ as in the words flattf 
fuf^ 9P0!fk^ and sSl^thofe.that tsnninatein 
miam $ as rehiUBn, tugjon^ gemvaticm, 

A ia tfttt, ai profit gUp^ or long, as 
rraxe^ gUatx j it is marked long, generally, 
by an e fini^ at pUat, or by an i added, u 

A laiiflMtifBes redundint ; 9Maf9fi, mmtfe^ 
mws^ J the 6me with ri/>, »wi/«, ««/(«• 

A lamnDjtL9gitian$'\ is uied to denote an 

to the vcrie, 

JlgeriM A» ii«pM If «0nw fmttolutr amtit,^ 

Thus in the firil mood^ a fyllogifm con- 
€iKng of three oniverfal affirmative propofi- 
tiofis, h (aid to be in Mar-^a-ra, Tbe A 
thrice repeated denoting ib many of tbe pj^o- 
I to he ttotTarfai. 

lativc propofittonj according 


A or AA or i>E (with Pbxfiaam) h 
ufed ia preCcnpdoos, and denotes fimply equal 
parts of th^ ingredients therein mentioned. 

AAA (wUh Chymifis) is fomjctimes ufed 
to iigoify Amalgamti or Amaigammon^ 

AB, at the be^nniog Qt £iigliS Sojem 
name;, is generally a contraction of Abbo^, 
/. e, znAitot or My^ £> that as^to the 
names of pbccS| it may be n^VfiUy coftr 
cJuded, tl^it the place belonged to a monaHeix 
elfewhere, or that there was one t* 

to the JeiSifr computation, is the xith 
month of their civil, and tbe 5th of their 
ecclefiaftical yeax, which Jatter bt^ns with 
the month iw/iiff, and the )btmer anfweiiAg 
to part of our July* 

The Jruji obfe^vc^ the firft day ^ thi|. 
month as a faft, on account of t^e. death of 
Aaron, and the 9th on'account of the bnm-^ 
JRg of Solomon* % temple by the QhaUotmi^ 
and alfo of tbehoiMlBg of the feoBadmBple» 
after the captivity by the J^Mifiat i ,>ami.alf<p 
in remembrance of the cdidt of the.empeint 
Adrian^ whereby they were baniiUfiid out of 
Judea^ and forbid fo much as to look back 
towards Javfaiem^ tho* at a diftanct, with 
defign to lament the ruin of it* 

They; have alfo a notion, that 09 thiaday^ 
the pcribos who were fent as fpies fay J^kum- 
from the camp, returned to toe canpaal; 
engaged the people In rebellion. 

They likewlie obferve the xSth of thiai 
month as a faft, on account of thegioiiig out 
of the lamp in the San^uary that night, ui. 
the time of king Ah€i^^ 

ABACUS (Ae»«o(, Gr.^ a cdaatlng. 
tabic, aocientlv ufed in calculations ? thii wat' 
f^fi^im^^ a (oari covtzed with fiMd> duft» 
^/. fitted eiB;<^y upon it, on which OaaoM^ 
tticiaASj ^r. tt£fidt»drawthcSriiBhcm«9* 
J r^ A»ACC5- 

Digitizedby V3U\ 

AB . 

>»A1ACVS (In ^r M ttfhrt ) m tin npper- 
ibotk member or capital of a column, which 
fenret as a fort df crowning both to the'capi- 
tal aad col«mn, tho' fome erroneoufly make 
it to be- the capital itfelf. 

rtt ABACUS h femething diffcrent, in- 
different order*. It is a flat fquare member 
in the Imfctm^ Dorick^ and ancient loniek or- 
ders. In the richer orders, the Corinthian 
and Cmfojitt it lerei its native form, having 
its four , ^d^ or . faces arch*d or 'cut inward 
with hmt *drdatieiity aa a roie^ ibbie oiber 
flower, « fi(h*s tail, ^c. 

Bot there are other liberties taken in the 
^atusy by feveral archite^. Some make 
it a perftdt Qgee in the Jwck^ and crown jt 
\^tll a fillet/ In. tlie D^ic^f (ome place a 
Cykatfuln «Ter it, andfcf d</iiot^ake it the 
uppermoft member* In the Tujtcm order, 
where it is the largeft and mod malfive, and 
takes up one third part of the whnle capital; 
they fbmetiroes ca^fit t|ie Dit of the capital : 
and ScamtKxi ufel tbi wiame A^cm for a 
concave moulding in the capital of the Tufuin 

To ABANDOff (F. a^anthnner, derived, 
' according fo Menare, from the Jtaiian 
'Mkundonare I whkh agniiies to forlake his 
colours ; hmndum (njexillum) deftrere, 
JiFafjui0r thiiilcs it a coalition of a ban donner, 
40 ^hrt up to a proftription : in which fenfe 
Vft at'tliiB day mrntion the Ban of the empire. 
JUaftt ^n 4Mr''old dialed/ . fignifies a curfe; 
■ «nd tffaifatulon, if confidered as a compound 
between' ^encb and Saxon, if exa£^Iy equiva- 
imk' to dirit dnfovere) fignifteiB, accord, 
idg to the diflFerem authors, t. To give up, 
veilgn, at quit to. z. To defcrt. 3. To 
Ibrfike, jgtfnerally with a tendency to an ill 

To ABANDON, ever, to give up to, to 
wtigrt. ' 

- ABANDONED, given up, forlaken, de- 
ierted f cdrrupted in the hagheft degree, gtvea 
«p fo wieA^dnefs. 

. ABANDONMENT {abandonnrntnt, P:) 
«v Thfc aa ^ jL$dhij^, a. The (!ate of 
being M^andonU. 

To ABA'SB {Sea term) to lower or take 
Id, as to lower or take in a flag. 
. AB A'SBD (iiV HeraUry\ is a term ofed of 
the vol or wing of eagles, i^c, when the top 
or angle- tooks downwards towardt the ooint 
of the ihjeld | or when the wings are fliut : 
tlke''^n»tural way of bearing them being fpread' 
with the tip pointing to the chief or the 

AJUttd, a Chtfhr0n^ a Patty Ac. aic faid 
to be a^jy, ythen their points terminate in 
or below the centre of the ihield. 

AaOrdimy'n faid to^ akafed, when be- 
low. its.'<h]e mnation. 

To ABATE (fifon the F. aUatrt, to 
baU^OWn.) u Takl&n, todiminiO. t. 
Todtjea, ordepreitthemiad. t* la com - 
fl>erce, to iet down the price ia km^ foaie- 

A B 

ttiB€i to 1)eat down the price m baying* 

To ABATE, to grow lels j as, his paflion 
a^tet ; the florm abates. It is ofed fnme- 
times with the particle of before the thing 
leflfened ; a dtfeaie abates of its vmilenre* 

To ABATE (in commoa Law) it is ia 
law ufed both a£Hve)y and neuterly, as to 
abate a caftle, to beat it down. To abdta 
9 writ, is by fome exception to defeat or over- 
throw it. A ftranger abateth, that is^ enter* 
etfa upon 1 houfe or land, yM by ^e death 
of him 9 that laft poOeded it, before the heir 
take his poffeiTion, and fo keepeth him out. 
Wherefore, as he who putteth out him in 
pofleiTion, is faid to dijfeife ; fo he that ftep- 
pejth in between the former poflcilor and hit 
heir, is faid to abate. In the neuter flgnifi- 
cation thurt the writ of the demandant fliall 
abate ; that is, fliall be difabled, fruftrated» 
or Overthrown. 

ABATENfENT 0/ bontw (with Heralds) 

fometimes an abiolute reverfioo or over^ 
turning of the whole efcutcheon, Orelfeonly 
a mark of diminution, as a Point dexter farted 
tensK^ i Goar^nifier, a Delf, Jfec. Tfcfe 
marks muft be either tawney, or muirey ; 
otherwife inftead of diminution, they he- 
come additioBB of honour. 

AB'BESS (of *ACCi7i^ Gr. Abitieerre, 
Sax.) a Goveroefs of nuns. 

AB'BEY7(of 'ACZaItU, Gr. Abbotpxc» 

AB'B V ^ Sasc» a government or kingdom ) 
a convent or monaftery, a houfo for leligiotts 

AB'BOT (of Abod, Sax.) the chief ruler 
of an abbey of monks and friars, who were at 
iirft lay perfona, and fubje^t to the bifliop and 
ordinary priefts of the dioccfe, in which tiie 
monaflary or abby war built ; and thefe being 
for the moft part in cemote and foKtary places, 
they hadoocoocerain theaffairs of the church ; 
but like other Uy men were ufed to attend 
diirinefervioeia thieurrefpeftiveparifli church ea 
on Sundays and holy-days j and if the abby 
was at too great a diftance from the parifli 
cKurch, then a prieft was fent to diem to ad- 
minifter the Sacrament. 

Bift>o^ ABBOTS, abbots, whofc abbiea 
have been ei c ^ gd into bifliophcks. ^ 

C>^iW ABBOTS, abbou, who arf alfo 
called cardinals. 

Commendatory ABBOTS, or abbots in Cam- 
mendoMf are feculars, and do not perform any 
rpititutl officea, no^have any ipirttual jurif-^ 
di^ion over their monks, altho* they have 
undergone the tonfore* and are olCgod by 
their bulls to uke the orders, when they como 
of age. 

Crowed ABBOTS «re fuch as bear the 
crofter or psftoral ftaflF. 

Mitrtd ABBOTS, are fo called, becaufe 
they wear a mitre when they officiate, and 
are independent upon any perfon but the pope» 
being free from the bifhopt's jurifdi^lioo, and 
hariog the iame avthoffty witUa their boQod!>, 

Digitized by V3OOQ IC 


A B 

llbae the IHbop hid : thefe mitrd alAoti in 
Mj^Uuid w«c aJfo lords of parJiament. 

Sitpdar ABBOTS, are real monks or re- 
I^iooSy who have taken the vow, and wear 
tifte habits. 

ABBHEVIAT33D {oMnwiatas, L.) made 

AiBUTTALS (of aioutire, F. to limit 
er \omtdf or of birtan or onburan. Sax.) the 
bnttiegs and bounding* of lands/highways, 
&c, ether towards the olA, weft, north, or 


ASDICATIYE (^shdicativui, L.)belong- 
Bg to abdication } alio ne|ative. 

ABD<yM£N (of Mo, I,, to hide» and 
wmtstmmj the caul.) 

XBOiyhLZli {vtMhAnatgrnifis) the lower- 
moft of the three yeatra, ^g^gj^jfji^yi^itB, 

which coQtabi the 
%leea, guts, &c, 

of white poplar. 

A'BER [OUSriti 


afiner kind 

thefall of a lefl«r 
water into ygrcater^ as of a brook in|o a 
n^ttx, a liA-^r into a lake or Tea. Tlu; na^th 
of a river f as AbtrcvtKway, Sec, 

ABEit£-MUIU>£R| (of abepe appartat, 
and mopb murder. Sax.) plain or downright 
■lardcr, in di^iod^n from manilaughter and 
chance nied^ej. 

ABETTOHS (in Law) arealfo thofe per- 
Ibns, who writhpntcanfe ^rocwe others to fue 
out £alie appeals of lelony or murder, againft 
peribtts, that thej may thereby render thpm 


ABGATO'RIA, (of ^Mittui, Iri/b) the 
alphabet A B C» &c.. 

To ABHOR (ahkorreop L.) td hate with 
«0[imony j to deteft to e^Etqpmity ; tQ loath. 

ABHORRENCE (from aShitr) i. The 
aa of ath9rriag, deteftaUon.. 2. The dtf* 
pofitioo to abbor, hatred, 

ABHORRENCY. The fame with ab- 

ABHORKj^^T (fram 'i^ix^) >• Struck 
with sbb^rencf, a. CoQcrary tOx foreign, 
incoQ&licnc with ; it i3 ufed, with the particles 
Jr9m or tOp but more properly withyrtm. 

ABHORRER (from abbtr) the pcffon 
that ahl>ort, a hater, detefler. 

ABILITY {babiUtiy F.) j. The power 
to do any thing, whether dependiag.upon flcill, 
or ri^hc^, or ftreagth, or ai)y other %paMty, 
2, Capacity. ^. When in the plural nnn- 
ber, AbiUtit^ frequently fignify the fftcuU 
ties or powqs of the mind, in4 fomeumes 
the Ibrcr o( underftanding given by nature, 
as diftiogai&ed from acquired qualihcations* 

To AB'JUGAT£ (abiitgstmm^ L.>to un* 
yoke, to oocouple. 

ABJURA'XIOM (in qpir Olj Cufim$) lig- 
nified a voluntary baniOuaeot oi a man*t ielf 
from his native country or kingdom for ever. 

ABIURATION (in a Law W«) figaU 
fit! t. Kknm proiiiiiJ^|» aeva 19 yield ok givf 

A B 

obedience or the aOiftance of a fuljifl t« anjr • 
other perfon claloiing a right to the crown ia .' 
prejadice of the kii^ then reigning 

To aB'LEGATE .ibkgatum» h.) to ien4 
abroad upon fomc employment f alfo;to lend 
a perfon out of the way that one i» weary of. 

AB'L£N£SS'(of ^j^/ffM, L. > capahlo- . 
nets to pei^form. 

AB'LUfNT (^^/iKnf, L.) wafhiag Uway 1 

ABLUTION, a cleaafing or {Miri^ing Vx 
wafliing. ' 

This ceremony was flrft ufed by ^hfi Jtw'tjh 
priefts before rheofoing oC f«criiUc \ for which 
purpofeking Solomcn made a great layer orfca.- 
of brafs, into which the prietts having firft 
ihrowii the afhes of the facttf ce, they waflt'd 

The ancient Rsaiawi likewife, iainitation 
of this ceremony, were wont to wafh their 
he»d . hands, feet^ or 'whol^ .body> twfors 
they began the office oi facrififing. 

The. mpdem Rmt^ Cmbplicks apply it to 
what the pri^fl, who confecratet the water or 
huft, wafhes his hands with \. and alfb to thal^ 
fmall quantity of vine and water that they^ 
dr.Iok after fwallowing the wafer or hoik tA 
vva/h it down* 

ABNEGATION, a denyuigi| matter point 

ABQM'INABLE (ab^mtiari, according^ 
to the native fenfe.of thawqrd, fvomtb and 
omen, L. fignifies tq account a thing for an iii 
omen,, or aa unlucky fign, and> therefore to 
pray againft it by certain forms of fpeech) At 
or deferving to ^ abhorred, loathed or hated. 

To ABPM'INAT£ {^bominari, oi ab^ 
omtn) pi^ope^ly iignifies to take a thing fbr.aii 
ill fign or unlucky omen ; to pray againfl it^ 
or wiih the contrary, by certain forms and 
fpeechesj we.ufe it for to abhor, hato or 

A'BjQN> (with the antient Britaim) 

A' VQN 5 figotfied a river, and was a gene^ 
ral name for all rivers. , 

T^ ABO^T (tf^io, L.) to.brittg forth be* 
fore the time j to mifcarry. 

ABORTION {abfirtifi, L.) f . The t€t 
of bringing forth untimely* %m The produce 
of an untimely birth. 

ABOI^TiVE, that which ie born before 
the due time. 

ABQRTiV£(^^/mr,L.) i.Thatwhich 
is brought forth before the doe time of birth* 
2." Figuratively, that which fails foe want 
oC time. 3« That which brings forth nothing. 

ABORTIVELY (from «^rfr>/e) bon» 
without th^duetime \ iamat^irelyi untimely. 

A1SORTlV£]<ES& (from ««arrw*) the 
ftate of abortion. . . 

ABORTM£NT (from ^bm) the thing 
brought forth out of time ^ an natimely birth. 

ABORTION (with GartUmn) a term 
ufe(l o^fniiti that aie produced too early before 
their time, •• trcei happening to be blatlcd hy 

' Digitized by V3OOQ IC 


ftMllM wWl», tH hhjitet to thil naUiy, m^ 
vir bHnsbig thdr froit to mttiiTity. 

ABORTiySNESS, iiii£:triiafe S sUb 

ABOVE (ftom a tad fcopii, 5diir. hw», 
Vkict.) I. Higlier ift plitt. 9. More |tt 
^Qftfiticy 0r miMber. 3. Higher in rftiik> 
power or excellence. 4. Superior to^ onat- 
talnflble by. 5, Beyond, more Hiafn. 6. Too 
prood foTi too high fbrj a pbraie chiefly ttfed 
io ^miliar expreflioo. 

ABOVE. I. Overhead, a. In the regi* 
ons of hearen. 3. Before. 

Frm ABOVE. 1 . From an higher place. 
2k From heaven. 

ABOVE-w^/. In the firft place ; chiefly. 

ABOVE'AMiMf. In open fight, without 
artifice or trick. 

ABOVB-GrW. Cited before. 

ABOVE-(rn»fii. An expreflSoit ufed to 
|fgntfy» that a maa la alive ; not in the 
grave. . 

ABOtTT (sAaiMM or a^toti^ Sat. Which 
ieerat to fignify encircling on the ootfide) 
qr* Round, furreaftd, encircling. 1. N^rtOi 
5. CoAoeming, with regard to, relating to. 
4» Bogaged in, employed upon. 5. Appen- 
dant to the perfon, as cloaths, &c» 6. Re- 
lation to the period, as a fervant. 

ABOUT. I. Orcabrly. 2. In areoit. 
3. Nearly. 4. Here atad there, every %^re. 

5. With to before a verb ; as aSoitt to fly, 
upon the pointy within a fmall dlftance of. 

6. The fongeft way, in oppofition to thofliort 
fbatt way. 7. To bring aioiit, to bring to the 
point or ftate defired ; $shc has brtugbt aUut 
BjJM fmrptfa. g. To come ahut ; to eome to 
l#me certain ftate or point. 9. To go mhoiit 
d thing ^ to prepare to do it. * 

To ABRA'DE {abtadtrt, L.) to fliavc off. 

ABR A'SION (with Surgetm) at faperficial 
rafing of the /kin. 

ABRASION (fn a Mtdkinal $^e) the 
wearing away the naturil mucus, whidi eo- 
▼ers the membra^ies, particularly thofe of the 
Homach and gnis, by corrofive or iharp 

ABRASION (withPA/i;^0^i) that mat. 
tsr which is worn* off by attrition of bodies 
one againft another.. 

- ABRADO^MENT [phnnmenf^ F.) an a*. 
hridging, &e, wherein the fefs material things 
are iniMod oA but brieHy, and fo the whole 
brought into a leffer compafs* 

ABRIDGMENT cfacnunt, See. (in Lmi^) 
is the making it ihorter, by abftraCUng fome 
of its circnmihin^es* 

The ARRUPnr {sinfimm, U) the me- 
ven, rourgh, broken, or craggy part of the 
abyfs. Milton, 

ABRUPTNESS) the breaking or b«iog 
broken off on* a fiidden ; alfo cra^ginefs of « 
rock, moontafh, QTr. 
. ToABSdNO) {^fiinS^, Ia) to cut 


ABs6iS'S A (hi Cvmck Stiiefit^ or dtlief 
CttrvilimalFigitret) y 

arc the parts o\ the ^ 

axis cut off by the 
ordinates, and ac- 
counted downwards 
from the vertex of 
the fc^on ; thus 
fcijpg in this figure* Some writers call theft 
the hiereeffttd JJxei or intercepted diametert* 

ABSENCE. I. The ftate of bc|ng ah- 
feit, oppofed to prefent. 2. Want of ^- 
pearance in thelej^ fenfe. Ahfmce is of a 
ibortold kind, or ^cies. The xft, is a ne- 
eeffary ahfiuct, as in baniflied perfons ; thif 
is entirely neceffary. A ad, secefiary and 
voluntary j as upon the a>ccoont of the com- 
mon wealth. The 3d, die Civilians call ^ 
probable ahfcnci $ as that of ftud^nts on the 
fcore of lludy. The 4tb, an ahftna entirely 
voluptary ; as on the account of trade, mtr** 
ckandixe, or the like. 

To ABSENT one's Jeff, to be Yolimtarily 
abfent, not to appear, to keep opt of the 

ABSIN'THIATED { ahfimbiatus, L. J 
mingled with wormwood. 

AB'SOLUTE (with Gtsmmariam) whh. 
out regimen or government, as an ablatixfg 

ABSOLUTE NoBiisAi^eaives{vnth(^rMm.l 
fuph adjedives as are in the pofitive degree, a« 
great, littk, low, kfi. 

ABSOLUTE Nmns Saifi^mtives, fuchr 
nouns whofe fignifications imply a fimple ideaj 
as a Mart, a Uorfe, Earth, Jtr, Sec, 

ABSOLUTE {mTbMcfry) is fometimes 
ufed to denote a thing being without an/ 
caufe, in which (enfo God is abfilute, 

ABSOLUTE is alio ufed to fignify /«« 
from condition, as the decrees of God are faid 
to be ablbiute in refpe£t to men. 

ABSOLUTE with Rom^inifii) is ufed hT 
oppofition to Declaraioty, as they hold that 
a prieft can forgive fins ahfeiutely ; but the 
proteftants fay only dechratively and miniHe- 

ABSOLUTE Motion, fignifies the change 
of place in any moving body. 

ABSOLUTE NgfKhers {in Afgehra)! num- 
ber which'poiTeffesone Inth^ part or fide of aW 
aqottitt), and if always ^ known quantity, 
andthcredangleor fcltd under the unknown 
roots in ^adratich and Cuhieh j thus in this 
elation j a a-^-ib dsn^^, the abfolotie 
number is 36, which is equal to the produd^ 
^ the two roots or values, multiplied one in- 
to -another |^ this is catt*d alfi> ihmgenum 
Comfarationls, by yieta, 

ABSOLUTE Phce,^ is that part of in- 
finite and im|]^ot*eah]e fpace; that any bod/ 

ABSOLUTEJUY (with Oeofhetnciam) is 
ttfti t^ fignil^ mtirdy, «oiii|»katly, as 9 fwd 

Digitized by V3OOQ IC 

A B 

0r fpkm ts £u3 to Ke thColttulj minA, m ^ 
tmtaSidaBSvi to a figure that M partly h, 
eaaOvM/, iSphtr^, &c. 

ABSOJ^trrioN (m the Cswm Uw) a 
jundkal a^, vrbereby a prieft as a judgej 
aad fay W]ft«e of a power delefaW 9 hiin 6otn 
Cbrifta reaits fins. 

ABSOUTTION (in the Civil JUw) figni- 
fia a definitive feotence, whereby a man ac- 
ctkH ti aay crime is acquitted. 

ABSOLUTION (in the Refitnud Cbwebtt 
9 afiialiy underftood of a Teotence by which a 
peiion ftao&ig excommunicated* is freed or 
lekafed from the eKommu|i:cation. 

ABSOLUTQ'RIUM ( with Pbyfitiam ) 
an absolute remedy, or moft effe^ual medi- 
one ; aUb m ctrcaia cure or pcrfedt reco- 
▼ery, L. 

AVSOLUTtNESS (of ^ibfclu. F. «^/a- 
h^ui^ Im} arbitrariaefs, freedom from con- 
ditionsy ^e. 

ToABSOR'B (with Gurdentrs, &c.) is 
a tern applied to thofe greedy branches^ that 
groning on irait trees* do drink up and rob 
the other branches of the nutritious juice* that 
they ftand ia need of for their nourifhment and 

ABSTER'SIVE MtJicines, fuch as are 
vied to clear the fhin and outward parts of the 
body from fihh. 

A'BSTRACT (in Pbilofopby) that which 
ii Separated from fome other thing by an 
epcratiqn of the mind called abAraAion. 

An ABSTRACT -/^tf J is fome limple idea, 
detach *d and feparated from any particular 
fabjeft or complex idea, for the fake of view- 
ing and confidering it more diftindly, as it is 
IB itielf, iu own nature, &c^ 

ABSTRACTHD Matbtmatieks, is ufed in 
opfMfitioa to mix*d matliematlcks i the for- 
Mar fignifying pure arithroctick* geometry-} 

ABSTRACTED iVb«« SubftoMfii-vts (with 
QfumarismSf itt,) are foch nouns as denote a 
thiog ; the exiflence of whieh is real, and In 
the nature of the things but fubfifts only in 
tbcunderdanding; as Hmnanity^ Truth, Vi- 
lUtwe, tec. 

ABSTRVSB (abflnfia, L.) far removM 
from the common apprehenfions or ways of 

ABSURtVKESS {abjurditas^ L.}di£4greea* 
Ucoe& to feafon^ imperxinence> folly; an 
fno^ Of offeree againft fome genenUy allowed 
tnth or principle. 

ABUNDAN^IA, an allegorical divinity, 
which was itprefenttd nnder the figure oif 
a yo«ng virgin amidA all ibrts of good things, 
ii good plf^t of body, having a frdh lively 
colour, nolding in her hand n how, (aid to be 
that of ^Mm. 

S^ ABU'SI^ the crime called otberwiie, 

ABU'SIVENESS* oflMKneia* a^nt- 

A C 

A^VS'MAL, pertaining to an.ahyfk ,, 

ABYSS (hZUc9H» Or.) a bottomle£i pit 
or fulf* or any prodigious deep* where no hot* 
tern can be £>und^ or is fuppoled to have no 
bottom; a vafF unfathomable depth of waters, 
fuch as is fjippofed to be ioclofed in the bowel* 
oi the earth. . 

AC'ADEMY, is a lort of colie^te fchool 
or &minary, where young perfons are in* 
firucled in a private way* in the hberal arte 
and fciences. 

ACADEMY (of Horjcm^njbifj ia alfo 
ufed to fignify a riding- fchool, a place when^ 
perfons are taught to ride the great horfe, and 
other exercifes, as fencing, fiTc. 

ACATALEPO'ICK (of 'AjaBaXiwlac* 
Gr.) incomprehenfible. 

ACATHAR^FA (*AaiaAf9i4* of • M^4 
and iLaBiifi, Gr.) to purge or deanfe) tha( 
filth or impurity in a difcai'od body, which i* 
not yet purged ofiF. 

To ACCE'DE, {accedere, L.) to come tc^ 
to draw near to, to enter into. 

ACCEL'ERATED Motion (in Mtchan.)^ 
a motion which receives continual incrementB 
or accefitons of velocity. 

ACCELERA'TION (with fbiIofipbtn\ 
a continual increafe of motion in any heavy 
bodies tending towards the centre of the eartl^ 
by the force of gravity. 

ACCELERATION (with the tfnrifflr 
Afironamert) a term ufed in refpe^t to the 
fixed Aars* and fignificd the diiference between 
the revolution of the Primum Moh'Je uni the 
folar revolution, which was computed at 
3 minutes and* 56 fecor^ds. 

ACCELERATO'RES ( /^irjA)My} certain 
mu£des. Ha called of accelerandi^ i. e. haflen- 

To ACCEN'D {acce/idere, U) to kindle^ 
to fet on fire. 

ACCEN'SION {Pbihfopby) the inkindling 
or fettlog any natural body on fire. 

ACCENT (with RhaoriciaMs) a tone or 
modularion of the voice, uicd fometimes to 
denote the intention of the ocator or fpeaker, 
to give a good or ill fignification to his words. 

Grave ACCENT (with Gram,) is this 
mark [ ' j over a vowel* to ihew that the 
voice is to be depreilcd. 

j^cmie ACCENT is this mark ['] over 
a vowel, to /hew that th« voice is to be 

C/roTJir/irx ACCENT Is this mark ["*] 
over a vowely in Grttkp and 'poinu out a 
kind of undulation of the voice. 

The Long ACCENT (in Gram.) ihews 
that the voice is to flop npon the vowel that 
has that mark> and is exprefled thus [ * ] 

The Short ACCENT (io Gram.) (hews 
that the time of pronouncing ought to be 
ihort, and is marked thus [ >^ ] 

To ACCEN»TUATE [accennt^um, U) 
to prooooBce ia seadtng or fp^kiog according 
to the #€C^n;« 

Digitized by GoOgTC^ 

A O 

AOCENTITATION, * • pronwneinf •r 
aiarking a word, (6 a< to lajaftreftof the 
voice opon the right ▼owei or fyllable. 

To ACCEPT (aecipi; L. accefttt^ F.) 
t. To take with pleafure ; to receive ittndly ; 
to admk with Approbation. It b diftingui/hed 
from rtetM/e, nkfpeafidt froin gtnerml ; noting 
a particular Banner of Teceiviag. 2. It ]< 
nlod in a kind of juridical (tnit ; as, to a€cept 
terms, mccft a tresty, 3. In the language of 
the Bible, to aece^ p»J^*t is to aA with 
pcrfonal and partial regatd. 4. It is (bme- 
(imet ofed with the particle ofi as to accept 
fif a perfin, 

ACCEPTABILITY, the noaBey of being 

ACCE'PTABLE {aec/ptsUty F. from the 
L.) It is pronounced by Tome with the accent 
in the firftiyllahle, as' by Mihon ; byr others 
with the accent b the fccond. That which 
It likely to be acceptid, grattful, pleafing. It 
it uied with the particle U QS^ the perfon 
sccepting, -^ 

ACCE'PTABLENESS {ft<mi aiuMabh) 
the quality o(F being acceptable^ n^ 

ACCEPTABLY (from acteptahle, F.) 
in an aceepiabU manner, fo as to pleafe, witK, 
the particle to, 

ACCEPT ASCZ (ace^eaneeTr.) i. Re- 
ception with approbation. 2. The meaning 
of a Word, as it is recei?ed or underftood $ 

ACCEPTANCE (in Law) the receiving 
•f a Rent, whereby the giver bind* himfelf, 
for evtf, to allow a former izSt, done by 
another, whether good or bad. 

ACCEF'TANCE J (in Law) a Ucit 

ACCEPT A'TION 5 agreement : thus 
if a man and his wife, feised of land in 
right of bis wife, do join in making a leafe 
by deed|! referving rent, the hufband dying, 
the wite receives or accepts of the rent, the 
ieafe flull be made good by this acceptance 
in her^ and ihail bar her rom bringing the 
writ Cur in 'o.ta againft the tenant. 

ACCESS (in foAe of its Senfes it feems 
<terived from aie^fin \ in others from accejjio^ 
L, acccs, F.) I. The way by which any thing 
may be approached* 2. The means, or liber* 
ty, of approaching either to things or men. 
^. Encreafc, cn]aigement, or addition. 4* It 
is (ometimes olcd after the French^ to iignify 
the returns of iStf of a Uiftemper i hut this 
^n(e fecms yet f^arcely received into oor 

ACCESSION («irrf^, L. acteffon^ F.) 
1. Eacreafe by Ibmcthing added, enlarge- 
ment, augmentation. 2. The ad of coming 
aoj joining one*s felf to$ as accejfon to a 
Confederacy. 3. 1 he aO of arriving at j as 
the Kir.g*s accijpen to the Throne. 

ACCESSION {Wxth Fh^ia0s'^ the fit, 
or time of being worft m any i^jMinitcent ; 
the fame ts Farsxyj'mi.s. 

ACCESSORY thy Statute) a peribn wh6 

A C 

encoorages, advifes, or conceals an oflFeoder, 
who is guilty of felony, by ftatute. 

PER ACCfDENS (with Pbihfopbers) 
that which does not /bllow from the nature 
(^ the thing, but from fome accidental qua- 
lity of it. Lat:. 

ACCIDENT {accident^ L.) a contingent 
effect, or fomethlng produced cafually and 
without any f»re-knowIedge or deftinatioa 
of it in the agent that produced it, or to 
whom it happens. 

A thing h aKo frequently ftited an ace t dent, 
in reference to its caofe, or at lea ft as to our 
knowledge of it, and by this an efted either 
cafually prodoced, or which appears to have' 
been fo to us, is commonly underftood. 

Common ACCIDENTS (with Lt^icidnt) 
is the Atth of the univerfal ideas, and are 
when the objeft is a true mode, which may 
be feparated, at leaft by the mind, ftom the 
thing of which it is faid to be an accident^ and 
yet the idea of th^t thing (hill not bedeftroy*d § 
zz round, bard^ jttft, prudent, &c. 

Entitine ACCIDENTS (in Metaphyjickt) 
are either primary or I'econdary. 

Primary entmve ACCIDENTS, are fuch 
as are abf >lute, as ^untity and Sluality, 

Refpeaive £if/iriv« ACCIDENT (with Lo- 
gicians\ is relation. 

Modificative ertitive ACCIDENTS (with 
Metapbyficiam) are fmando, when ; Jitut, 
fttuation ; ha^ttvs, hat>it. 

FrdtdicabU ACCIDENT (with Logicians^ 
implies a common quality, which may be, or 
may not b< in the fub)e£t, as a particular 
colour, as rednefs in a wall. 

Frediamental ACCIDENT (with to^kf' 
am) is whe^ it is in its eflence or natuie ta 
fubfift in, inhere or cleave to fome fubftance, 
and cannot be alone. 

ACCIDENT (with Pbyficians) is fuch as 
does not fiew immediately from the firft 
caufe, but from cafual interpofitinns ; fome 
ufe the expreftion ia much the fame fenfe a^ 

jibfiUte ACCIDENT (with Roman Catho- 
lieks) is an accident which does, or may poflt- 
bte iubfift, at leaft miraculouily, qr by fome 
fupernaturai power^ without a (object. 

ACCIDENTS (in Heraldry) are the prtn* 
cipal points in an efcutcheon. 

ACCIDEN'TALNESS (of accidentalii, 
L.) the happening bv chance. 

AGCLAl M, acclamation. Miftcn. 

ACCLITIS ('in' Anatomy) a mufcle called 
alfo Ob/i^uus afiend€ui, 


tfivitao^ Lat.) is a 
fteepiiefs reckoned up- 
wards OR a flope; dc- 
cKvity is a fteepnefs 
downwards i thus BA n 
is an tccKvity, and ""^ 
AR a declivity. 

V ' * ACCLl'VOU 

Digitized by 



* ACXliarOUS (sccitoii, X..) rifiiv up- 
wirds, Steep ap, 

ACCOtLE' (ia HeraUry) ^llared^ or 
weariaf a cbliar. Fr, 

ACCOMMODATION, .^the compofore 
or pttttiac AD end to a differencei quarrdy &c, 
alio cooTUuence. , 

ACCOMMODATION (in Pbihfipby) 
^ ApfJkaQQa of one thing by aaaJogy to 

ACCOMPANIMENT, fomethiiig at- 
kodiBg or added as a drcumftance to another^ 
etba bjr vay of oraamenty or for the lake 
«l fymmetry, or the like. 

m ail fnch as arc applM abiMit the AieW> 
bjr way of onamcnC» as the belt, mantlings, 
isppoiteny &c» 

ToACCOMTANY (atcmfagner, F.) 
tofior cone with* 

ACCOMPLISHMENT {accmfUfftrnms^ 
F.) tbe eatire cxecotion, atchievement, or 
filliUlisg of fomething ptopo^ or under- 

ACCOMPLISHMENTS, acquirements 
fci fiteiatttre, axt^ fcieooe, good bcha?iour^ 

To ACCORD (derived by fbooe from 
ftfiif, the firing of a mufical ioftrument \ 
^ otKen from torda^ hearts $ in the firft, 
uaplyiog immtffy, in the other unity) to 
nake agree, to adjuft one thing to another, 
ailk the parttcle to* 

To ACCORD, to agree, to fuit with one 
saocher, with tbe particle wtk^ 

ACCORD (tfCMrt/, F.) I. A compaa, 
V agteoDcot. %. Concurrence, union ot 
nad. 3. Harmony, fymmetry, juft cor- 
g^ W Bdm c e of one thing wkh ^mother. 4. 
Mofical note. 5. Voiuntary motion. 6. 
AftioD in fpeakjBga corre^rulent to the 

ACCORDAMENT (frtm mctord) v. Agree- 
BKsc with a peribn, with the particle tvitb, 
2« CoRtormtty to fomething. 

ACCORDANT {acwdam^ F.) Willing, 
lA I good humour. 

ACCORDING (from accord) i. In a 
aaoacr foitable to, agreeably 10, in pro|)or- 
doD. 1. With regard to. 

ACCORDINGLY (^om drror^; agioea. 
bijTi foitably, coofnrmably. 

ACCOUNT (^m the. old F. acc^mpt, 
from ctxpacius, L.) originally written ac- 
'^i but hy gradually foftening the 
pnoaocbtion, in time the orthography 
chn^ed to acc»ng, i. A computation of 
debts, or expenoes ; a regifter ot Fa^ls ze- 
hdfic to Money, a. The (late or lefult 
of a Compuution ; as the accoimt Aands thus 
^ttwcea itt. ^. Sach a Aate of perfons or 
i^^iAgs, as noay make them more or Icfs 
vonhf of being confidered in the reckoning, 
^'Af oreftimation. 4. Diftin^ios, dignity, 
'Itt* 5« A rcckoaing vetified by finding 


the vahie of a thing equal to what it was 
accounifed. 6. A reckoning referrad to, or 
fum charged npoo any particukr peHbn} 
and thence, figuratively, regard, eonSderatiptt, 
fake,' 7. A nanattve, relation. Vthis ufe 
It may feem to be derived from eowte, F. a 
tale, a natntion. 8. The review and ez- 
aminatioii of an affair Uken by anthoritr i 
as, the magiftrate took an aecoadk of tho 
tumult. 9« The relation and reaibns of a 
tranfadiosi, given to a perfon ia authority. 
10. Bitphoation $ ' affignment of caufes. i j. 
An opinion concerning things pKviooOy efta- 
blifhed. la. The reafoos of any thing col iec* 
ted. 13. In Law tf rrsarw is, in the common 
Law, taken for a writ or adion brought 
againft a man, that, by moina of office or 
bufinefs undertaken, is to render an accent 
to another, as a bailiflT to his mafter, a guardi* 
an to his ward* 

To ACCOUNT (fisetfaMTjir) i. To efteem 
to think, to hold in opinion, a. To reckon , 
to compute. 3. To give an aceount, to af- 
fign the cauies; in which ienfe it is followed by 
the particle^. 4. To make up the reckon- 
ing ; to anfwer for pradices. 5. To appear 
as the medium by which any thing may be 
explained. 6. To affign to, with the parti* 
cle tPm 7. To hold in efteem. 

ACCOUNTABLE (from acceum) of whoa 
an an^umt may be required ; who mvft anfwer 
/fr.*' followed by the pattkle to before the- 
perfon, ^tvifor before the thing. 

ACCOUNTANT (from accamt) acooun-. 
table to $ refpoofibie for. 

ACCOUNTANT, a computer, a maa 
fkUied or employed in accottntt, 

ACCOUNT-i^Mil, a book containing «c« 

ACCOUNTING (fiom account) the aft 
of reckon! ngy or making up of accounts, 

ACCR£a*ION, growing or flicking t(V 

ACCRETION (with Naturaiifls) is 'fre-» 
quently apply*dto the incraaie ot fuch bodies 
as are without life, and it is alfo called jif^" 
Jition or Jkxta'^fitiea, 

ACCRETION y (with dwliam) a 

ACCREMENT J vague or vacant por- 
tion of ground, joined or united with groondl^ 
held or pofTefTcd by another. 

ACCROCHF (in Heraldry) is when one' • 
thing hooks into another, F. 

ACCURATELY (ii««rtfrr, L. ) with 
eaaf^nefs and nicety. 

ACCU'SABLE {aecufakiiis, L.) that may 
be, or deferves to be acculed. 

ACCUSA'TION7 (in the Civil Law) is 

ACCUSAnriON^ the intending a cnmi- 
nal a^ion againft aiiy one, either in ooe*a 
own name, or that of thepublick. 

ACIPHA'LOUS CAaJ-foXH, Cr.) with* 
out a head. 

ACER'B (actrhus, L.) of a compound taf>e, 
which coolifls of four, aodadt^rseof rough- 
Digitized by -. I '*^'*-» 


tte&f or of a tafte between four aad biCtef,- 
Ibdi as inoft unripe Ihiiti have* 

ACERB^ITUDE («r«r^iMi&, L.) f6anit&, 
ludhneis in tafte i between Soomdh and bit* 
femeis* ** 

ACERVATION, a bea^g up toge- 
ther, L, 

ACETAB'ULA {AaMtom) certain Clan- 
inks ia tbe Cbmatiy one of the tkkA which 
coiiper a cUU m the woob* 
» ACH'£ (with jRimrrrJ a difeale m horfes, 
caafing a the joints. 

ACHER'NER (in j^lntmy) a btight fixed 
ibr of the firft mtgnitude m Eriiinusi whofe 
Longitude is lo, 13 d^grees^ and latitude 
59, i8. 

To ACHIEVE («A«rrr, F.}to atehieve, 
to accompliih | to fMciform or finiih fome no- 
table a£t or estploit. 

ACmEVEMENT {ad»ifmiMt^ F.) a no- 
table performance. 

ACHILLES, a name which the fchoolmen 
five to the principal acgonent aUedged by each 
iedlof phiJoibphers in their behalf. 

ACHRON'ICALl (acbrmcus, L. of « 

ACHRON'iCK J ^TOf. and ;cp«ef, 
liinty Gr.) oat cf, or without time. 

A'CIDS, are Icbidi of lalts, ali whofe little 
faftides are long, pointed and fliarp at their 
extremities, and maice the tongue feel a iharp- 
acisy as citrons, lemons, oranges, umarinds, 
fgc. tile mod fenAble efte£t of them b the 
eosgolation of thotfe liquors, with which they 
are mixed* The manner how thcfe coagu- 
lations are c6Fe^d, is by the Acids flopping 
the pores of the liquor, upon which they ate 
yonnd, in fuch fort, that the fubtilc matter 
cannot pa^s more into it, and fo they grow 
thick and kile their motion* 

liatttral ACIDS (with Pbjfficiant) are foch 
as have a proper Aar'pnefs of their own, ai 
juice of lemons^ &Ci 

Artificial ACIPS (with Chymes) are fuch 
as are prepared by the fire, in chymical ope- 

Manifeft ACIDS, fuch things as affeQ the 
tongue, with a fenfe of fharpnefsand fuurnefs. 

Dubious ACIDS, fuch things which have 
not enough of the acid nature, to give fen- 
fible marks to the tafte j but yet agree with 
tike maaifeft acids in other properties. 

ACIiyiTY y ( with CAywr/^O the acidity 

A'CIDNSSS \ or keennefs ot any liquor 
that confifts in keen partkles of falts diflblved 
aM put into a vlDlent motion by the means of 

ACiiyULATED <of Acidmla, L. fpaw- 
waters) having a mixture of nitre, vitriol, 
aium, and fait. 

A'CINI (with Botanijfi) are taken for thofe 
[p^u&s thar^groMs thick, or foiall grains grow- 
ing in bundkies, after' the manner of erapc- 
Aoo€9, Of which the fruits of the Eidcr- 
fzee, Priv«t, and other plants of {he like kind 
att cempofed*. 


ACINI (Urith Phxfitiant) xU fc^M ttiat 
is widiia a htXt^ and thance they in theif 
prefetiptioni fiequenrly ^(e etr^ exminata^^ 
i» e. the «rta/i or Mk belo| taken ont^ 

AC^ME fAa/uif, of « ne^: and Ita^^, to 
be weaty, Cr.) the uppermoft point} top, ot 

ACME (with Pkyfdani) is nfed to denota 
the 3d degree or height of diltempen, of whicit 
many have four periods, ift. The Afche or 
beginning $ 2d, Anahajh^ the increase ' or 
growth I 3d, the Acme, when the morbific!^ 
matter is at the height $ 4thy the Paracmt 
or declenfion of the dileafe. 

ACON'TIAS (*A«;»Tmff, Gh) a fort of 
comet or biasing ftar, in form .refemblins % 
javeline or dart. 

ACORN'ED fin Heraldry) bearing aeoms< 

ACQUAINTED (of sccwnte, F.) tntellt. 
gence or notice ol^ roide known to» infornoi 
ok" having told of any matter. 

A'CRE, an a6: ot parliament tnade in the 
time of king. Edward I. ordained, that an 
acre of land ihould contain 160 perches o^ 
poles, to be made out (quale, or 4840 yarda 
fquare^ or 43,^60 feetfqusre; but in divert 
places in this kingdom this has been alteredi 
by cuftom, by varying perches in the number 
ot feet, as 18, ao> 24, and fometimes %% 
feet to tbe perch. 

ACRCTERES ('A«^ifpi«, Or.) 

ACRO'tE'RIA (with Anatomifts^ (he ut- 
moft parrs of a maa*s body j as his fiogert 
epdst &e. ^ 

To ACT' {aattm, fop. of tf^, L.) todoy 
operate, or perform. 

ACT' (aBut^ of^rgs, L. todo) istheeftee* 
6ve ule or application of fome power or lacul* 
ty, by means of which fometfaing fs effected. 

ACTS, are alfo the deliberations and re- 
iblutions of a piibliek aiembly, -as of a par- 
liament, council, convocation, ^r. 

Preparatory ACTION^ (m Lavf) is that 

Prejudicial ACTION^ whkh grows front 
fome doubt in the prindpaf} as fuppofe a man 
fues a younger btotber for land, defcended 
from bis rather, and objedion is made that he 
is a baflard^ the bafiardy rouft be firfl tryM« 
and thence the af^ion is call'd FrejudiciaX, 

ACTION up9n the caje (in Lew) a writ 
brought for an offence 'done without force 
againft any mairj as for defamation, non* 
perfdrman^e of promife, or fome other mif- 

ACTION vpofi tbfcafifor teords, is bfotight 
where a pcrJon is injuttd or defamed, or for 
words fpoken which affed a perfou's life^ 
office or trade, or to his lofs of preferment in 
mairiage, fervice, or which occafion any par- 
ticular damage. 

ACTION u/>9tt tbeflnwt (Lotv term) In 
a^ion brought upon the breach of a fVatnte, 
as where perjury is committed to the prejudice 


Digitized by LjOOQ IC 


ACTrON.(ia.'e«f>7) isanerent, either 
te»] or im«giBary> whka makes tKt fabje^b cf 
• dmnstkk or cpkk poem. 

ACTION (in an f^VA P^mt) u rn^kone<l 
tke fccBod part j aafl tliit i£U(m> which Is rt- 
yetoed by tbe redtalt muft.he umvarfal^ 
mamwi^ Jtifrntd^ muiih/t Mikp^ ttf .a moral 

KectBoy moral ACTIONS (in Stiieh) 
vcwiM tlie perfon, to whom the law or 
wn i wiirf m SivcB» is bound abfolotely to per* 
Smm it hf vatac of the hiw of the AiperioF. 

ACTIONS ia»m/*XM^(k£fAra(i)arBruch 
m a ggagr ^eahifc to the law. 

ACTIONS )i0fW-m/(iii^Arob)axefttch 
m a wrfK ^reeahk to the law. 

ii^TIOHARY ? the proprietor of an ac- 

ACnriDNIST I tioaor a^ioa^ or ihares 
€m a coBipnnp a flodc* 

ACTlV£NlSS{«AwfVtfi, L.) nirnhkocft, 
■adine^iy or propenfity to a£t. 

Sphcieof ACTIY'lTr of a Body, k that 
ifUDt wfaich lidsooadt it, fo far as the vutoe 
or cJkmj of it extends and piydoces any 
fini tfiii rf ba. 

ACfTV AL Wrr (with Smrgwm^ that which 
hoiaa at firft tooch> aa fire itielf^ or fearing 

Tb ACVATE (#ratffirwf L.^toiharpen. 
ACUTE jf«r»rf, fee accent, 
ACUTE tfff^ile (in Geometry) 
any angle lefi than a right angle $ 
or cootaiaing . kft than 90 dc- 

ACUTE tngbd triangle (in 
Trigoaometry) a triangle whidi 
liaa all lb aogles acote, as ; 

ACYROLOGI'A ('A»vpac* 
yU, Cr.) an improper way of 
^eafcbg { a bull* 
ADD£R**-Orii/«> anherh. 
ADDER'i-#^»t, an heih. 
ASyDmnOUS^Eftstetr^eHty (in altfw 
&«/SrJ are yeoman, gentleman, efquire, ^r. 

ADDiTIONS (of Doirto) the iame as 
aamet cf dsgaity, as duke, earl, &r. 

ADDITIONS (of PAkv) as fuch a peribn 
dfLemdta, SriJM, &c. 

To ADDRESS {addtefer, F. From dere- 
fm-j Spsa. From diHgo, direamn, L.) 
I. To prepare oae*s lelf to enter upon any 
aBkn ; aa, hi addrfffed biwfelf to the work. 
«• To get ready) to pat in a ftate for irome- 
dtee mfe. 3. To apply to another by words ; 
with wiotts farms of oooiba^^ioo. 4. Some* 
iBiies whhont a ptjpofition. 5. Sometimes 
widk to, 6. Sometimes with the reciptocal 
praaaaa; ts, U addreffod bimfelf to the Ge- 
aera/. 7. Sometimes with tne a€cn(ative of 
the Bunsr cf the addrefs, which may be the 
ao^tttive to the paffive. 8. To addrefs, b 
CB apply to the kiog In fomu 
. ADDRESS {addrefi, F.) Verbal appfu 
caxiootoanyooe, by way of perfaafion, peti- 
tioo. a« Coortflil^. 3. Mttma d mUrtging 
mnbni mm^, sms»ofdnt^y, w 4 


fSaJSkg addrrft ; a roan of an aokward ad^^efii 
4< SkDl^ doKterity. 5. Manner of diredkfng 
a letter { a fenfe chiefly meicantile. 

ADDRESSER, (from addrefs) the pcrfoQ 
that'tf^Urij^f, or petitions. 

ADDUrCENT [tdduemt^ L.) drawmg ot 
leading to. 

ADDUCENT Sufcla, fee AdduBoret, 

AD£PHAGrA('<vt»H>i»»Gr.)an eatiit|p' 
to fill, greedinefs, 

A'DEPS (with Afiatmifit) a imallcr part 
of the body, djifering from ^ngmedo, hk that 
it Ik a fubftance thicker, and more eanhy. 
It 60WS from the blood tbroogh peculiar 
yefl*els into bags or blanders, which receive it. 

ADE'OyATE {adapinfsy L.) fomethln^ 
e^ual to or co-eit^ded with another, and &11« 
ing the whole meafare and capacity of it. 

To be ADE/QUATE, is to be erery way 
e^ual, as to capacity^ cktent of power, and 
all other properties ; neither Ailing fl|ort of it^* 
nor exceedirg ic In any part. 

ADE*QUatENE$S (of aditfumut, L.) 

e^oality, oTc. 

ADHE'SIOM 7 (in NatwIPhiioMy} 

ADHERENCE 5 £^lfics the ftate of 
two bodies, which are joined or fafteaed to eada 
other, either by the mntoal interpofitioa of 
their own parts, or the ooabpicAosi of eiter* 
nal bcdies. 

ADIAPHO'RA (*A}M>4ff, Gr.) thtagf 
indifibeot, neither commanded nor forbidden^ 
which, while they are fuch^ perfons are af 
liberty to do, or not to do* 

ADIAPHO'RIST (of a and r^Mdr, Cr.Jf 
a moderate or tndifferent perfon. 

ADIAPHO'RY (•A/i^e.pi'., Cr.) a fort 
of cafine6 or cool inclination, as to thochoictf 
of one thing before another { cool ailtilion or 
behavioar towards another perfon. 

ADJOU'RNMENT w Sy^i (Law rerm} 
an appointment of a day, wlten the jofttoei in- 
£yre meet to fit again. 

ADrP$A(*A^»4«,t>r.) medidnd or ^« 
leps to quench thirft. 

To ADJUDGE {ddfudyo, L.) i. To give 
the thine controverted to cne of the parties by 
a judicial lentence } with the particle to beibrtf 
rtheperfonu a. To fenteoce, or to condemn 
to a punifiiment, with to btfnrt the thing. 
3« Simply to jodge ; to decree $ to determine. 

ADJUDICATION {adjudicath, L.) the 
aa ofjodgiog, or of granting femothiag to • - 
litigant, hf a judicial fcntencc. 

To ADJUDICATE (-</M«, L.) 

To ADJUDGE j to give ibmthing contro*- 
verted to one of the litigants, by a ftotenco 
or decifioo. 

ADJU^NCT ( Miunant, L.) joined to. 

ADJUNCT' (in CfVff7C»M#rai) a eoU^ue, 
or' fellow officer, afibdatcd) to another, te 
afiift him in his office, or to ovef fee him* 

ADJUNCT (with PhiUfopb^^) whatever 
does not nataraliy and efieiftialiy belong Co « * 
being, hot if ad||oiflcd Off tiddcd^ k 9«er and ' 

above* C Digitized by CaOi. Al>» 


. AD|U'NCTION,ao©opliiifflrj«Iiiiiigto,L. 

to ADJUST {Udx^ir, F.) 1. To regu- 
Igte; to otti in orders toiettk m the right 
fcrm. i.Towdttostothet^cftatcorftaiid- 
ard ; to tfiake* accurate. 3. To make con- 
fbrmabk. It wk^viw the pv^idc t9i before 
tne thing to which the conformity is »•*«• 

ADIUStMJEt«t 4</;»>*»',F.) i.Kegu- 
ktiont the aa of putting in m^hod $ iettle- 
mcnt. a. The ftatc of being put in method j 
oe rfettMtffli 

ADJUTANT, tpeltyofBcer, whofeduty 
U to affift the major^ by diiinbaCing the pay, 
and overfeeiog the puoifliflBffnt of the com- 
Bionmen. ^^ ' , 

ADTUTOR, a helper or affifter, L. 

ia)JUT<yRJUM.<in t\if Medicinal Art) 
a means of cmc, Wcrvknt to others of 
a^ei^nportmnce. . 

ADJUTORV (tfivKwisui, X-) aulmg, 
^ftiog, helping. 

ADJUTRIX, t flic-helper, L, 

To AOMINttTER (aJmnifrt, L.) i- To 
^ve 5 to affonJ 5 to fupply. a. To aft as the 
^ulttfter or ageot in #ny empteyment or of- 
faice J generally, but npt always, with fomc 
Uot of thboid atk)n, to adminipr the go- 
temmcDt. 3. To #^mi/*r juftice, +: To 
0dmwifitr the* lacramcnt. 5. To duimini/ler 
an oath. 6. To tf</«»/»(^«' phyfick. 7. To 
tUbuitiftd^ W J to contribute i to bring fnp- 
dics. S. To perform the oAce of an adny- 
oiftcator, in Law. S«e adminiftrator. 

To ADMINISTRATE, (admimfifo, L.) 
lOexhibitj toglTe«phy«ck. 

ADKlINISTRAtlON (A/i«M4^rtfi*,L.) 
]|. The d& of admiaiftriag, or condud in 
^ifig empkqrmetit $ a^ the conduaing pvb- 
Ark affain $ difpcafiog the Uws. a. The 
naive, or exccvtiwe paitof government. 3. 
Tlu^'to whom the care cf publick affairs is 
ttxmmfntd, 4. DlHilbution $ exhibition j dif- 
penfation. , . .- 

V ADMINISTRATIVE (fhwi admntftratt) 
that which admioificrsi that by whkkany 
one adgiinjften; 

ADMINISTRATOR r4A«»»'A'»{»''» ^0 
I, It is properly take© kk him that has the 
gpodsof a man dying inteftate, committed to 
his charge by the ordinary 5 and is accounta- 
ble fiir the Came, whenever it ihall plcafe the 
otdShary to call upon him thereunto. 2. He 
thatofficates in divine rites. 3. He that con- 
doas the government, 

ADMINISTRATRIX (L.) ihe whoad- 
aifters to confequence of a wiU. 

ADMJNlSTRATORSiHiP, tljc office of 

kuw ADMIRAL, th« admiral of the 
"thkd f^adipn in a royal fleet, who carries his 
flag with thfe arms of hi»«ii»utry |n the mii- 
acn topofhisAip. , 

Vkfi AiyMIRAL, anpljier of the thrpe 
piindpai o^ers of a royal liii>7» .^*«** "^»* 
loanii thiiAcoQa.Oluafhoo, and cwies his 


flag in his iUp^s fore-top« 

AD'MlRALTy Comrt, the chief court at 
J^ofidon of the loid high-admiral, ereaed ^r 
deciding anaritime contrdverfiea, trial of male- 
f«aors for crimes comiftltbed on the high- 
fea, fiff. , ^ - 

AD'M^RALtV C«»rf,atribujiaUnwhicli 

caufes relating to maritime affairs are try*d« 

All the proceffes and proceediAgs in tltis^ 
<o«rt run in the name of tlie lord iugh«a4«> 
miral, and not that of the Jcing. 

The lord high-admiral has in the court a 
deputy, who is ftllod Juigtoftbt sdmiraitM, 
and IS ufualty fome eminent doaor of the 
civil law $ the proceedings in matters relating 
to property in this court, are determioed hx. 
the civii law, the (ea being accounted out.o^' 
the verge * limits of the common kw. 

The proceedings to aaioo are by way d 
Jibel, and the plantiff gives iecniity th%t he 
will profecute the fait, and pay whatevec 
fhall be awarded againft him, if he faila i and 
on the contrary, the defenduit fcciires the 
plaintiff at the difcretion of the judge, that 
he will make his appearance in the conrty 
ftand to every thing his prodor ihall do in 
his name, and fatisfy any judgment thaf flull 
be given againft him. 

They make ufe alfo of the laws of Rhodes - 
and 0/eron in this court. And the former de- 
crees and cuftoms of the EngUJh court of ad* 
miralty have the force of precedents for decid- 
ing controverfies. 

In criminal caufes, fuch as piracies, the 
proceedings were anciently by accufation and 
information ; but this being fbuikd inconveni* 
ent, two ftatoes were made hi the reign of 
king Henry VIII. that fuch fliould be tried by 
wixnefles, and a jury, authorta'd by fpedal 
comAii^ion of the king to the lord admiial of 
England^ at which fome of the judges in 
Hylminfier-haUixe aUb in commifiioo. 

There ire diftina boundaries and prednat 
of power to the common laws of England, 
and the admiralty } for in the fea, as far as 
low- water-mark rcaches,the place is reckoned 
tobein, and the caufes in the national county. 
And fuch cafes as happen to be thence arifing, 
are determinable by the common laws 5 but 
when theiea is ifttll, the admiral hasjuriiHiajon 
there alfo, as long as the tide lafts, over mat- 
ters done between the low -water-mark, and 

To ADMIRE {admire. L. admtrtr^ F.) 
I. To regard with wonder 9 gcacrally in a 
good fenfe. 2. It is fometimes uled in more 
familiar fpeech for, /• regard wtb hvt. 3. 
It is ufcd, but rarely, in a|i ill fenfc. 

To ADMIRE. To wonder: fiwhctimcs 
with the p-ictlcle at, 

AnAD14IRER(fromtfiiati».) i.Theper- 
foii that wonders, or regards with admiration. 
a. in comtiioa fpeech, a lover. 

ADMIRINGLY (from #<^»W,) with ad- 
miration ; in the ounncr of an admirer. 

^ • 177 ADM1SSIW.E 

" - • Digitized 'by V30< • 

A b 

AbfnSSSBLB [admxtte, itJmrfum, *L.) 
fittCvliicli njjr be admitud. 

ADMISSION {Mlmip, h.) i. The ad 
« F"Aic€ •f Jdaictiiig. 2. The fate of 
^OBg admitted. 3. Admittance; the power 
«f CAteriac or being admitted. 4. In the 
tccicftaSScil law. It is, when the patron 
ficfeias a derk to a cfanrch that is vacant, 
sadtKeiiftr^ i^en ezaminatioQ, admits and 
«fl»w ff fech clerk to U fitly <|oalifi<d, by 
%ttt aimttote hsUlem^ ftc. 5. The aU 
«»»aee of an aigoment { the grant of a 
^fitioA aot fvHj proirtd. 

r^MJyUlT{Mdmtf,L.) f. Tofuflferto 
- to gmt entnuKe. s. To fuffer to 

^t«r opoB nn oAcc : in which fcnfe, the 

fknSt oT ndmMfioD Into a college, &e, is 
*^* I* ^ •U"'*' *" trfuraeut, or pofition. 
4^« iBowr or grant k general j fomedmet 
win the putkk^ 

ADIOTTABLE (ftom Ate'/) the pcrfon 
«r thin g wlrich ftay be admitted. 

AQMirTANCE (from Waur) 1. The 
^ftrf adainirg j allowance or permlflRon to 
•*«r. «. The po%rer or right of entering. 
J. CoocdBoQ of a pofition. 

ADMlOrrURE fof adm'xtus, L.) t mix- 
fca« or fnlzicg with or to. 

ADK ASCENTIA (with thTe j^atomijfs) 
■nacfcci chat fpront out of the main (tock, 
m the yAt tad arteries. 

AD WASCENTIA (with SctOniJIs) thdfe 
CKicfcaacietf which grow under the tarth, 
«'i»tb^ Lih, Narcifut, Hyadnth^ &c. whkh 
ifarward* fierome true roots. 

ADCXRABLENESS iaSadorahitiu L. ) 
wofthinefsao ^Adored. 
^ADORll*MEWTj adomiiSgj ornaments; 

AD6scULA»TION (In JTor^wy) a joinihg 
grinft rtjan of on^ p^tt of a plant into ibme 
ciwjr, a s it w ero mouth to mouth. 

AOROrPNESS (of j4£rw>, F.) dcxterouf- 
ae6, fkifUolaeis^ n«atne^, handinds, clever* 

ADVANCE /■()/> (iC^tftf/rtf*) a ditch of 
««» round the cfplanade or glac& oT a place, 
to fRTcnch bting liirpfized by the befiegers, 

AOVANTA'G£OUSNSSS (of a-uttnta^ 
g^, F.) pnauUeneft. 

ADVENTmOUS (in the C/W/ Li%o] 
d afplied to /uch j^odl as fall to a peribn 
cite bjr merefortone, or the liberality of a 
fti^tr« or by collateral fucceAon^ In bp- 
|Q6tiDa to fnftlliuoui, i, e. fuch goods tt 
deftend I0 a dSr«a line; from father to fon. 

ADVENTITIOUS Gbmbttu [An4tt^y) 
thadr kcroets which art femettmes under the 
am-liolea, and in the nock } u in thriCirgV 
fw7, Jrc. 

A0VEN>TtnUESOM; bold, daring, has- 


ADTFSABLBNlftSS {tJ^ni^AU, F« anl 
^, Eng. termination) fitneis to be adviii^ 
done, Of r. eiq>ediency. 

ADVi'SfiDNESS (of <ft/W/rf», F.) coaC* 
deratcneis#>- • •" 

ADVfSEfMBNT, eonfoltation. 

ADULT'NESS (of^uinu, L.) the being 
grown to ripnefs bf veait. 

ADULTERANT {MihiittrM, t.) adul« 

ADUl'TERATBD.(«/Ar^Mirlrr, I^.}eor* 
ruptedy marred, fpoiled, counterfeit, made 
of a bafer alloy or mixture* 

ADVL TER ATENESS, bbionels ercouiK* 

ADULTERINE (inCrW/ Law) a chihl 
iflhed froA aft adulterous amour or comneite« 
ADULTERY, is th»«ftof Incomiotnc^ 
or whoredom in married perfons j but if onci 
be nurried, aJld the other unmarried, i^ is for* 
mention In theUnmamedi v4 «dakery in th« 

ADUM'BRANT fgdumhrmy L.Jihadow. 

ADUMBRA'TION(ifl HiraUry) is whev 
any figore in a coat armour i% bom f« lhn-> 
dowed or obfcored, that oothbg is vffible butf 
the bare porfile, or (as tlio painters C4II ity 
the out- line ) when thit happeas> it is hii 
to be ttdumhi'ated, 

Isord AiyVOCATE (in Stoihml) an of^ 
fieer of ftate, appoteted by the king to advifo 
about the nuking and exeMting L*i»ti ftr 
defend his right and inteteft in ali pnbHci^af* 
femblles, to profetute c^pital^ctiities, efc, 

^^ .^ J ADVOCATES J »^; 

college confijling of 2S0; appointed to pitad 
inall anions be^ the lords of feffions. . » 
ADVOCATESHIP ^of iMfat, Fr. aJ^* 

^^_^h JUi and/brj^) the omce of an advocator'- 
»W 7 [\nmtaw Snife) tkns he- 


ADVEN*!' URESOBifKrESS (of jm»- 
iRt<« r.j veatMctaindi. 

^21 . ., 

To AVOW 5 is (Ud to imow, whoi 
laving tal^n « Wrefs for rent, &c^yi4iftc% 
or maintaiAsthc att, after the party diftrained' 
has fued a replevin to have his goods again. 

ADUST (in a Mntitiniai Senfi) the blood,' 
when by reafon of itr mceflive faeatjihe 
thinner parts of it fteam thro* in taaours, th« * 
tUckerremaitiin^iick, and full of dregs, as 
if parch'd or burnt } when lb, it Is faio to bt-' 

^A'CEA, felomn fealh and combats ct- • 
lebrate^ \f\ JEgi^a^ in hohoor of Atacut. 
JEL > iii cdntponnd nnmes, is a Sax9H par* 
AL ^ ti'-lt, and signifies nil, or altoge* 
ther, as *«» dipes in Ontk, MXfm^ figninet 
ahogctber conqneror) ^Ibcjiis, di iUultri- 
ous; ^i^rr/yifto^ethcr reverend I Alfrtd^^X*; 
together pcaceiid. 
AEL > > a Stowr particle, acoordiog to the 
i£LP 5 di6Eerent dialers, is pronounttd^ 
Wr, jyulj\ hulf, &^ox lyj, andfignUies 
the fame that vre prononnce Htif \ Sa Jhvin 

Digitized by V3OOQ IC 


it TiAoiiMtlielp xAthM, tft MtiRinr fover- 
lioor { Attfghmf a giver of lid or affiftanoe. 

AEL'LO (*AiX]u» Gr.awhirhri: dorftonn) 
^ne of the haipiet or monibinti Uxds^ men- 
tioned by the poeti. L. f^^a^ 

iClNOMATnCAL (*Aiv.>^viica > Gr.) 
Mirainifig to riddles, fifr. 

i£OLlI SCLOPE, a wu}d-inoflcet,which 
^I Aoot balleiB with wind and air, .as forci- 
bly at with pnwder. 

i£'ON('A#w, Or. age) the dorrtioii of a 

/BQUILIB'RIUM {^nMtcbanich) is when 
equal weights at eoiial diilancef > or «reqval 
weights at unequal diftaoces, mutually ^ro- 
fortiottahle to the center* cauie the arms of 
«ny baUaoce to hang even, fo that they do 
aot outweigh one another ; e^en weight and 

iSOyjPONTORANt [4tiuip9nderMmy 
I«.) weighing equally j beiog of tn equai 

^'RA is (aid origiaally to hxH fignified a 
number ftaoiped on money* to denote the cvr- 
leot value of it 9 knd if fo, it may come from 
^iy brafs» from which plural JErs^ came 
the femlmoe fingolar, M''^ | and that becaufe 
they put the word ^ra to each particular 
of an account, as vt now do //<«, or t\ic % 
becaufe the Rmani andtntly marked down 
Chcttttmber Of yeaas in tihks with Jittie hrafs 
3iaiii i apa ^ in n|feff nee to the laH memion- 
•icu^ofit. the word Jfrm came to figpify tjie 
iame. wjyi Sf^cht^ •«/«• a certain time or 
date from wbeaco to begin the new year ; or 
ieme particular way of rccl&oning time and 
yean- ..••.. w 

. And in this fanfe the word is thought to be 
compofed of theie initial iettert A. & R. A. 
iat Amaui irat rggni A^git^^ the Spmniardi 
liaTtAg bogan their A^u from bis reigi . There 
are mtoy 4€''<i*8 ufod by cht;oQol9gers> t^e 
iBBOft eminent of whic|i arei • ^ >. . / 

The Jirt of th« creation pr ^ .world, ' 
%Khich began^ according to th» jidt'M account^ 
on the twantv-fourth day ot the month of 
Oe^Str^ •wbit.h fiime placn 3951 yeara before 
the birth of Chrift} .others rcc^oi^ 29^3» 
nnd fCtjfldr 399^; . , % . . . . 

The Chr^isM Mra, from the bin^ e/ 
Chfift, begins DttemkfK aj, " •' ". .» • 

The jRvmm Mra, from the building of t))e 
city of Jt«iK#, begins 'April ai» and* is 7-52 
years before Chriit^s time. 

•The Tttrktjb Mrs or Higtr^^ whflj they 
liccount from Mahomtt** B^hl, begins -tne 
16th of y.^, A. D. 6a>. . 

The JSra of the Olympiad* begins from, 
the new moon in- the fummer ioiHice 770 
years before the birth of Chrift. This /Era 
gnd that of Ipbitut is chiefly ufed l»y Crttk 

• A£'K1AI# Perff«aeoe^'h that which re* 
pforent# bodies weakened and. dimlniihcd in 
l^roporUoA CO ihtir diAaoceflOm the eye, . 


AERIZU'SA ('A«^^ai^, Cr.> a ja<fer 
flone, refemUing the air or Acy in colour. 

M%TVyA!Ly belonging to fummer*time« 

i£STlVAT10M, a dweUing oriefidencf 
to a place for the fummer-time. 

^'TAS, age I hence «nns mmis fine^ 
under the effigies of per/oos, fignifiea in the 
year of their age, L* 

/&THEL (iS'Sdel, $4x.) noble Or &• 
mous, as Mtbehtd't famous counUl, &c, 

/ETm% (*Aifl>f , of «« &i«, 1 run al- 
ways, or of ai^il^t thiniog bright, or of am / 
&r»«r,alw8ys warming, Gr. or of n*1i^> Heb* 
iiIuftrious)is moft commonly uicd to fignifytt 
very fine, thin, diaphanous fluid, which, a^ 
fome fuppole, Airrounds tlie earth, up to a« 
far u the interftellaiy World, and whxA eafiljr 
penetrates and runs through all things, and 
permits all things to run t s eafily through it. 

Dr. Hfok calls that medium or fluid body^ 
in which all other bodies do, as it wore, Arim 
and move, AStUr, But this focne difap-.. 
prove of, as ^vouring too much the Carujiam 
Doctrine of an ^blbluto P/flfirw, which ha^ 
been proved an impofli^ty, b^ many infill* 
lihle reafons and CjQierimenti. "ti^refbce an 
we call the Madium^ in which we bteatbo and 
live, the Air, bv which we mean an elaiUc^ 
fluid body, which either hat very large in- 
terflicts devoid of all matter, or elfe is in part 
flird with a fluid, very eafily moving out .of 
them by compreffioo, and retttraing as rsadiljf 
into them again, when that comprelfioa ia 
uken oflF j k) we alfo do agree to call that 
Boer fluid Mtbtr (if it be a bodv) whi(,h is cx-^ 
tended round our air and atmolpoere, above it* 
and* beyond it, up to the pjljpets, o.r to an in* 
definite diflance, tbo* we'icarce well under**' 
(land What we' mean by iht word ASther, 

i^TI^E'REAL fr^U, all that fpace a- 
bove the upper element, viz. fire, whicii. 
the ancients imagined to be perfectly homogc* 
neous, incorrupcib e, unchangeable, £fe. 

i£T H 1^ E AL Oil {Cbjmifiry) a fine fubtle 
oil; approaching nekriy to the nature of %, 

. iCVlTER'Nl (among the Rpmait) cer- 
Uin deities, /b called beiiofe they rrmained to 
p^etaity, to whom they always oflfercdred 
oxen in facriflcc, 

AFTABLEKESS (afi^iHeai, L.) eafineft 
to iff 'fpokeo tv, or of addr«fs, gentleneisy 
courteous or kind behaviour.' 
- ' AFFECT (from the verb, 0/^0) x. At- 
tenfion ; p|fiioo j fcalation, z. Quality | cir« 
tumftadce.. ' 

* 'To AFF?CT {t^tf^i ?. f;tff«>, «fiiArar, 
L.)' |. "^o U\ iipoo i to produce effcds in ' 
any 6t\icr tl^^ng* 2* To ihove tjke paffiona. 
%, To iaim pc : to endeavour afttr 2 fpofcen of 
perTonl." '4. To tc^ to s to endeavour after : 
ipojceo of things. 5. To be load of ) to bo 
pleafiM vnth'l t6 love ; to re^tad with fondneft. 
6. To make a ibew of femrfhing; |e Audy ' 
the appearance of any thio^i with fome do* 

DigitizedbyGoOglC ■•^* »^ 

lIo la-tlfl- 
8. To eon- 
^nBt it€ ibmc ciine $ to attaint wIA go^t : 
• fMfeacvdjrJdriakal. 

A^ECTATJOK {t^Bath, t.l the ad 
af j afcif aa artificial appearance. 

AFFECTED FdrfnipUi (from tf/«5) x , 
ll<n«& ^ tondtod with affcaioa i mtemaUy 
4ilpafe4 «r iMcliiMd* a. Studied with ovir • 
Bath OR, or with hypocrnical appeaiaoce. 
> iaapedbnal feiift;^ jfiill ofaflfrftation x ->t« 

AFF£CT£OLY(iT0fli«fcff(^ inaatf/- 
^Aitf fBajuMrj hypocriticaUfi with more 
ajppaanace than rtaliiT. 

AFFECTEDK£SS (fiom >^fifi^i) the 
^aaiity oi ktBg sjfeffedi or making faiie 

AFFECTION (irom affiama, F. 4fra>, 
tat.) X. The litte of being ofiBid hf 
•ay cade, or agent, a. Paflion of any Itind. 

3. Love ; kiadaefsjgood-will toibme perfoo; 
«ftea with t9, or tvnar^, be/ore the perfon ; 

4. Goo4-wiQ t0 an]jrobjea» seal ; piOHonate 
|B|iac4« 5. State of the fflbd in general. 6. 
^alitj ^ property. 7. Sute of the body aa 
aiM o^ \if any caafe. 8. Lively reprcfen* 
tatioa in pwatingi 

AFTECTJONATB (afeaiMM/, f. from 
^anm) I. Fv^ of ajfiff ton i ftnvigly moved) 
wacm i aeakms. z, Stiooigly inclined to j 
£%efed #»| with the particle tc, 3. Food j 
tender. ' 4. |teae«o)eat { tender. 
_ AFFECTIONATELY (ft^m ir/tf£?i»wfr) 
ia an ^ ^ffhrnttt flunner» nmdJy j tenderly i 

.riOKl^TENCSS (from ^ffiah^ 
9mt) die qaafityfSiftate of beuBg^^^TiM^if I 
toadtacfr ; tsadwaefi $ good-will s benevolence. 

-AFFECTIONEO (^m tf/«diM} i. Af- 
Med ^ conccned; the lenie is now obfialete. 
SL ^iwPiml ; iautuaJiy difpoCcd* 

AFFWTlOUSLy (<mm afi&) in an af- 
Jbaiiig msBiier. ' . 

AFFECTIVE (from sftS) ^at which 
sfeSf. «hat which fbongly touUics t it i$ 
teaeraUynled for pairtAil 

AFFECTUOSITY (^om tffcAmrr) paf- 

AFFECTUOUS (from 41^^} full of paf- 
fioBi as, VksfiBMMi fpcech^ a word little 

AFFECTION (with Natmr^fts) a ^alitv 
-r property ef iome natnral fadag. ' - ^ 
' AFFECTION (ia a Ugal^ft) fignifo 
aflMkiQgOTer«pamn| or mortgaging a thing, 
to zfifle the payment of a fum of money, oe 
lSb€ dile&arge of feme other duty or fervice. 
^AFFEC TIONS (with ^umtuUfii) are di^ 
vOogaiBicB into* 

Pnmsry A^rtCTlOm•/^eitlg [in Mi. 
9t>fhl^) are C/wfy, 7ra|^and ciJ^. ^ 
Umtti AFFECTIONS of Bung (in Mna^f 
e) 09 iodi aa we pndkalad of Jhng, 
tad fbitiy^ and ^c^avcrtihb with it. 



without toy ooBJaaaiDB} aantry Jo^ife 

g ffft«| jipd aU aood it a ^cnw. 

i>i/»«iMAFF£CTlONlyi9«wg(m iMr- 
UiphjiJiiks) am predicated of it with a dnjaao- 
tive term« aad by taJdag ia both parts of the 
ieateace are coavertihle with i^ u ^th^ H 
either aeceflary or c o at i ngtat » aad whatfevtc 
is either oece&ry or oontigtat is MBeiMg 

AFFECTIONS^Am^ (with N^turmHfh) 
certain nmdificatioas of a liaAf, oocafiofatd or 
intiodoced |y motion^ far meaoaof which dm 
body comes to be fo and 10 difpoiod. 

AFFECTIONS V'<^il^Ei»/, are what am 
commonly called m Pwi*^ 

AFFL'ANCE (with DiviBet) Hgaiisf aa 
acqoiefceaoe of the miad, bgr whieh It is fap- 
ported agaiaft allaaaeceflaiydoobta aad faa^ 
upon account of the diviaoali^folfideacy m 
general I but with a more fpecial ^ |» 
knowicdgey wifikin^andproyidcaoe. 

AFFIDA'TION, a mutual fidelity ie-' 
tween one peribo and another, L. 

AFFIDA'YIT (t. e. he has plighted hb 
faith orfworn) a depofitjon, or th^ witneffij% 
a thing upon oath. 

To make AFFIDA'VTT {Lmo Torm) tw 
fwcar to the trQth.of a thim before a nuigi* 

AFFIKMAnriON (la ic^ to the pea. 
pie called ^uaktrs) figaifies a f^kma deda- 
fition in a jodidal way, which by ad of parii-* 
ameat is indulged them iailead of taking aa 
oath, as other peribnt do, and is ia aJi ma^• 
ters of meuM and htwm or sight, ohligamry and 
valid, bntia crimindeaa^ of no force. 

AFFIK'MATIV£Ab«/icJl(inthe P^/> 
Lavf) one who owns the errors he is charged 
withal, and maintaim the fanie in his exaau* 
natioawith firmaefs and^refdution. 

AFFIXaONy a fixiag or fafteniog to. 

AFFLATION, a blowiag or breathing 
upon. L. 

AFFLA'TUS, a blaft» oi iafpbfttioA, a 
blowing or breathing upon. L. 

AFFLICTEDNESS (of afiiam$^ Las. 
aad mfi) afHidioa. 

AFTLUENCY {afiuencia,L.) abuadaoce^. 
great ftchpe, plenty, wealth. 

AFF'LUENT (afiuent, L.) abottadingt 
flowing to, increaling. 

AFTLUENTNESS (tfitmU'tp L.) great. 

To AFFORD {affv^rtr^ m§owr^^ F.) 
S. To yidd or produce \ as, tbo Jon aSbrda 
grain ytbttreti Mffa^fruitt, this feems to be 
the primitive' iignificauoa. a« To gmnt, or 
confer mny thing,* |eaerally in a gO(«d fenie» 
and Atfnetimes ia a bad, aot properly* 3*> 
To be able to fell ; it is ufed always with re- 
fere^ceto fome certain price } as^ 2 tan adbrd . 
this fir l^fi than the other. 4. able t^ 
bear tic^ces'} as, tradtn mm .aSi«rd swrt. 
ftnesy in peace than vrar. 
' To AFFRIGHT, to affaQ wkh foar i t« 
terrify} it fuitrally iapliei 9 fudden im-* 




pnBr>n of felr«* i. It is vSeS id't!ie pa/live, 
Jbrnetimci with dt, ^ore the throg fetred. 
5*. ^nmetlmes with the pntiele wtth, bcfbre 
the tfitng fean^d. 

AfFRIOaT{fit>«tfccwr^) i.Terrwj 
fbf $ thit word is thiteflv poetical. 2. The 
€aafe of fctf ; terriUeolged. 

AFFRtOHTPlft (ftom ^2^^^) full of 
mffrifi^t oi'tBTt^r; terrible. 

AlFRIOHTMENT (from ofHiht) i. 
The immefliDn of itarj terror, a* Th« 
ftaie of fearfblneTti . 

AFKRAY' (protMbty of afroyer, f.) m 
fight between two or more parties. 
• AFPitA'y 7 fin Gwiww I^tv) 

AFFKAfMTOT S " *n affnghtmcnt 
y«t opoii one or more pcrfona ; which may 
le done bjr an open ftew of violence only, 
witbouc either a blow gXTon, or a word 
fpokeo } aa if a man Aould appear in ar- 
mdurj tr with weapons not ufoally worD« 
It may ftriiee a fear into fach at are vn- 
anned^ and theiefere is a common wrong, 
^ 19 eaqitrable in a Cmrt-teet ; but dif- 
ftrrs from an ai|&i«lt> bfcjuift that ia a par- 
ticolar injaff* . 

AfRRRIGHTMEKT (of fretsmmt, 
hiring or freighting, F.) thp ^me ai 4tf' 

AFRS^H (of /nf», F.) fitAly, aofiw, 
newly, over again. 

. AFFRONITRB {tffmkum, L. cVk^i^ 
ho^hf and ^/ir^i, Gr. nitre} the fpume or 
fiwth of nitf^. 

Am AFFRONT, an injury done either 
by words, bad nfage, or bfows, JT. 

AFFRONTS (in HiraUry] facing, orfront- 
ing one another. 

AFFRONT'rVE«SS, abofiVcncf^, of, 

AFPUL'SIOK^ t flifhlng opon. 

AFTER' Birth 7 afltinor membrane hi 
' AFTfiR-iTtt^ff 5 which the Fvtus or 
" child is wraopc^ in the Atotrix, and comes 
away albar fhie bhth of the child. 

AFTER- Pd'ffj, pains felt in the loiflt, 
^in, ^r» ai^tt the birth is brought away. 

AGALA'XY yagKlamti^ L. of \4>«r/A)i- 
qi»«, Gr.) wane oi milk to give fudc with. 

AG A M 1ST (a^ar$ut^ h. of «>4|/tt«c) Gr. ) 
m unmarr'aJ perfon j abatchelor or widower. 

AOAPE' i*A^V«, Gr.) chari^, kiod- 
iief% lov^; aHhs -giving. 

^CA^ET' (ot 'Aydvn, Gr,) t^Aptto, L. 
to hunt B-'ter) a wbore- mailer | on^ whq 
bnnts afW women« 

AGE (proibably of a Ja» Sax. i, e. always) 
iht whole continuance of a man*f life ; alio 
the fpaco of an hundred years comp!eat , alio 
a Certain ftate or prO(K>rtion of the life of 
mwi which is divided into four difl^ireot ages, 
n^lmfanej^ Tmk, Mftanhtti, Oiti ^ee, F. 

Mancy or Cbilibo^, extends from the 
Wrfh to the Awrtecnth year. , 

Touth^ or the age of puberty eommeneet 
at foujrtcm^ udtads at ^jioyt twedty-fivt. 


In(Mtio09af TeTttinfltes at fifty* 

Old An^ commcRoct from fiAy> add «x« 
tenda till the time of death. 

Oi4 AGE (HiirtffyphieM) «aa tepie* 
fentod by t raven, Mcaqfe thst bii4 lives a 
great wlul^ and therefore to leprefeat n man 
dead in & very old age^ the BgypnoHS painty 
a dead raren. 

ii'GBNCV {dgeweti F.} tB&ug^ manage- 

AORNHIKB (orthiidNighr>ar^enhlRe> 
^w.) a perfon . that cornea to an houfe at a 
goeft, and Bes there the third B%ht, aftcg 
which tioie ht is lo^ed upon as on^ of tho 
^rnily ; and if tie breaks the leiog*s peace, 
l^s hoft wu to be anfweraUe fbr 1^. See 

A'GENT, a hStot, or perfim who does 
bttfinefr for another. 

AGENT fin PoUrj) a refident or under 
embaiTador, that takes cam of the affidra of 
his king or prmce in a foreign court* 

AGENT (with Pbihfiphtrs) is that by 
which any thhig is eflfa^ed. 

AGENT (in ^nhgy,) It is ftrennoofly 
difpoted among divines, whether man i| an 
a^tut oxpmieftt, X. e. whether it ia purely is 
his power to do or refufe any particular 
ti€t, and thereby render himielf accountable 
or not at the day of judgment, for what he 
has afted or done in this life. 

A'OEVT (in PMcks) that by which 
a thing is done or efrntcd, or whkh has a 
power by which it a£b on anotl^er ; or in« 
duces fome change in another by its a^ioB. 

Natural 7 AGENTS (with SfboUfiich) are 

PiyJIcaly foch as^re immediateiy deter- 
mined by the author of nature to produce 
certain effiefts; but not the contrary thereto, 
' as fire, which only heats, but does not cool. 

Fr» 7 AGENTS {vtith Scbolajfichy 

yoluneaty^ are fuch as may equally &S 
tny thing, or the contrary or opponte of It} 
as acting not from any predetermination^ 
^t from chcttce t fuch the mind is fu^i- 
pofeii to be, wMcJi may either viff or m'Jt 
the fame thing* 

Vrntjocml AGENTS (with NattttiHJh)^ 
are fuch sgaitt is produce eifcds of the fame' 
kind and denomination with them, 

EqmvcUt AGENTS (with Nafvralijb) 
are fuch affff/i wboie effe&s are o| adifibreni 
kind from themfelves. 

AGGLOMERATION, a mjinding into* 
a bottom. L, 

ftrcngthcning remedies, whofe office and ef^ . 
fr€k is to adhere to rhe folid paits of the 
body, and by that to recruit and fopply tho, 
place of what is worn oflf and wafied h^ the 
animal actions. 

AGGLUTINAnriON, t glueing togc^" 
ther. t^ «^ 

F.) a making great |' bav^ mora efpecially Hi 

' Digtize <^OOgk «^^^'» 


mhdk naft arifiag from the jmning ' or col- 
Icftifig fevcral thliin totttber. 

AOGRSG ATEO i^#w«r • (with J^M. 
1^) » flo««r wliich coafiftt ot nanyllttk 
ipvcR, VMcdng , tog^tkcTy to make one 
ivWale QQCy each of which has tti ^fjr&iy 

2(f«WH^ ani ftkklog ktd, a&4 comaincd in 

ooi isd the CuDc Ca^ 
AGGRECAnriON (in Phj/UU) a fpe- 

-"tc^ «Bioo» bjf which lefcral thioei which 

IlKso jiatml depeadence or coanedion ooe 
«iihaa0ihcr» «e coUeAei together, fo at 
is icoie feaie to conftitate one. 

AGCRJE'VANCE (probaUy of 0d aad 
grif, F.) affiiCBoa, great tnmUe, wmag. 

a4sIZ.SNES$ l^litas, !#.} nimbkndsy 

AGIO (jo BelUMd) a term ufed in mcr- 
rhairiWr, which figmfiei the diffcreoce m 
Mtiisad or Venice i the Take of current 
: and b«ak aotei!! which in HoUaad is 
I three or faarfirCau. in &vour of the 

AGHATIOM (Gw/7 I^no) that Bne of 

cociaogaiDicT or Idadred hf blood, which is 

bctvees hek audea aa are defceoded from 

Am laflK&zfaer 

AGNOMINATION, a niclcname, L. 

To AGR££ («^er,F.fromfr«; liking. 

Of gpod-w3l} p^tif and frwrvs, L.) i. To 

he m cQBcord $ to fiive without contention ; 

MC to difCer. i. To grant \ to yield to } 

l» admit $ with the particles to or upom, 3. 

To lectle terms by ftipnbtion ; to accord. 4. 

To fettSe a arioe bctweea buyer and feller. 

c To be or the 6me mind, or opinion. 

a. To tok foaae point among many. 7. To 

he mafilknt \ not to coatrs4i£t. S. To fait 

aith } to be sceoramoda^ ^0. 9. To caufe 

ao diftsAaoee in the body. 

To AGREE, I. To pot an and to a va- 
limce. %. To make friends | to reconcile. 

AGRnABLE (itgrtahh^f,) 1. Suitable 
tp; OBsriSfteat with. It has the particle to 
m^fKT %. Pkafingi that is, fuxubk to 
dSTtncSnation, faculties, or temper. It is 
afed in thb Sake, both of perfons and things. 
^ It has alfo the particle fo. 

AG&EEABLENESS (from sgrmbk) i« 
CoBiiency with: (ttlubkncfs to ; with the 
partide ft. %. Tlie qua&ty of pleafiqg. It 
■ nfed in an kferior fcnte) to mark the 
tm da ft io a of Satis6£Uon, calm aod lailiog, 
Mft bdow rapture or admiration. 3. Re- 
ieashlaoccj &cnefi| ibmetimes with the 
paitkk krfncm. 

AGREEABLY (from dgntahle'S i. Coa- 
fteatJy with $ in a maa&er fnitable to. 2. 

AGREED (|a«D Mgrti) fettkd by con(ent. 
AGRtEINCNESS {km ^fu) Coa- 


AGREEMENT (ammiif , F. k taw JUr. 
AgrtMmeiititm* WhicE Coke would willingly 
derive from aggregatiowttntium*) f. Owcord. 
a. Refemblaace c7 on« thi' g to another. 3, 
Compa£^ ; bargain | conckfion t^controfcrfy j ' 

AGROUND (a.^fumb. Sax.) upon the 
ground j alfo nonplot^d, oi^ni^ted. 

AGRYPNOOyMA (of «>f omU^ watch- 
ing, and Ki^«, a deen deep, G/.) a wakia« 
drowiineis, a difeaie wherein the patients are 
conftantlv mdined to fleep, bat fearce caa 
fleev, bemg aliected with a great drawfiaefi 
ta the head, a ftupidity in all the ienfts and 
Acuities, and many times a DtUriim too* U 
is the fame as Caim Vinh L. 

AGUE-TREE, SsOifras. 

A'GUISHNESS (of «i|ir, F. iliarp) the 
quality of an ague, coldnefs, fluveriiignefs. 

To AID (aidar, F. Adjutart^ L.) to help i 
to fupport ; to fiiccour. 

AID (from to md) i. Help, fitpport. a* 
The pciibn that gives help or fupport f a 
helper* \, In Law, a fubfidy. Aid is alfo 
particularly nicd in matter of pleading, for a. 
Petitioa aude m court, for the calling in of 
help from another, that hath an intereft ia 
the caufe in* queftkn j and is likewife both 
to give ftrength to the party that prays in aid. 
of him, and alfo to avoid a prejudice ac- 
cnnag towards his own right, except it be 
prevented : as, when a tenant for term of 
lift, courtefy, &(• being impleaded touching 
his eftate, he may pray in aid of him in the. 
Reverfion; that is, entreat the court, that 
he may be called m by writ, to alledge what 
he thinks good for the maktenance both of 
his right and his own. 

AID 7 a tax paid by the vaflal to the 

AYDE 5 ^i^f 1^> ^P^ ^^°^ neceflary 
and urgent occaiion, cither afcertainM by 
cuftom, or fpecified at the grant of lands. 

AID of the king [Law termj is where tha 
klng^s tenant prays aid of the king on account 
of rent demanded of him by others. 

AIDS D£ CAMP (of the ling) cerUia 
young gentlemen, whom the king appoints in 
the field to that office. 

To AIL {figkn. Sax. to be troublcfome) 
I. To pain ; to trouble; to gjvepain. a. It 
is nfed m a fcnfe lefs determinate, for to affe£f 
hi any manner ; u, fomerbing ails me that t 
cannot j€{ ftill ) Vfiat aih tbt man that he 
laugbt without reafonf 3. To feel pain ^ to 
be hicommodad. 4. It is remarkable, that 
this word is never ufed, but with fomc inde* 
finite term, or the word nothing , as, what 
aih him ? what does he ailf hiaiUJemethingi, 
he aiit nothinft, fimething ai!i him i^ nothiaf[ 
ails him. Thus we never fay a tever aih 
him } or, he aih a fever ; or ulb definite 
terms with this verb. 

AIL rfrom the vtrb) a dUcafe. ' 

AILMENT (from ail) pain ; difoafe. 

AILING ^from to ^i^ ficklyi full of 
.complaiotf . ^^^^^^^^^ ^ GoOqI?^ 

Digitized by ^ 


A I 

To AIM (It it detivod hf Symttr hem 
tfmer^ U poiiit at } • word wliidi I havtf net 
nond.) 1 Toettdeavoortoftrikewitli amif- 
five weapon } to ^kt^t fowai^ ; with tlie 
fartiek^r. a. To point tbeview, or direct 
the ftept towardf any thing ; to tend towards ; 
to cndeaYOur to reach or ottain $ with t$ for* 
aierly, now only with at* 3. To dired ^e 
jniffile weapon ^ more parlicolai If taken for 
the aft of poiotiiig the weapon hy the eye, 
before ite diTakiffion iirom the hand. 4. To 

AIM (from the vtr^,) r. The difeafon 
of a nlfiUe weapon. 1. The point to which 
the thing thrown is diroded. 3. In a Sgo- 
sative fenfc^ a porpoie ; a icheme ; an in- 
tention ; a deiign. 4. The object of a de- 
Cgtt I the thing after which any one endea- 
noon. 5. Conjecture; gneff. 

AIK {aer, L. atle, Gr. of t** «V fm, he- 
canie it it always flowing, or as others from 
JbtfA » tnbreathe, or as others fay of *\^K 9 Heh. 
Jight^ is generally onderAood to be that fluid 
ki whkh we breathe, and the earth is en- 
cloledj and as it were wripped up. 

AU eomffion air is impregnated wfth a 
certain ^ivifytng fpirit, which it abfolutely ne- 
oeflTary, to tne preierration and continuance 
of animal Hfe. 

Th»vhrt^'ngfiirit it mflammaUe, or of a 
Mtnre proper to be aliment or fuel to Are, 
and it capable of bemg jAlnft or confumed 
thereby ; for tbit fpirit it actoally deftroyM by 
hetng caufed to pafs through the fire and the 
air which has been fo burnt (as has been prov- 
ed by experiment) vdll deaden red hot coals 
and extingnUh flame^ and deflroy life. 

The particles of which air confift give way 
to every fmall imprcflian, and move feadtiy 
and freely among One another ; and this is a 
proof that air is a fluid. 

And at the preflure encreafet fo does its dcn- 

y, and as the preflure decreaics h expands 



AIR is found to have theft fix properties 
foilowiog. , 

I. It it liquid, an^ cannot be congealed 
like water. 

1. It b much lighter than water, but yet 
it is not without its gravity. 

3. It is diaphanout, that is, it tranfmits 
the light. 

4. It can eafiiy be condcm*d and rarefied* 
Km It has an elaftic force. 

6. It is neceflary for flame and refptratVm. 

1« It is much more liquid than water i*, 
and cannot be congealed, and that for the 
reafont ftdlowing. 

I- Becaufe it Ibems to have pores much 
Urger, lull of finer matter, of a very quick 
motion, wkerrby partidet of an* are continual- 
ly driven about, as it appears by this cxperi* 
ment, that if air be pent up in a valTel, it is 
caiily condeiifed } whereas no perfon yet, by 
any Inventiooj hm btca able to coivicnfe 


%, Tlie ptrticles of air am very .fine aiilt - 
braced; ft) tliat tSey leave interftiees (^ 
twcen oat another, and can never be fonp^ ' 
into a compact body. 

II. Water hts been proved by experiment 
to be 840 timet heavier than ai^, from whence * 
kt will follow, that a certain bulk oT air 
contains In it %^o times left fiomogeneoun ' 
matter thaif in *equal bidk of water does i ' 
and this is the reaibn why air may bb toodenf* ' 
ed, buOnot fo«r«r. 

HI. The Air is dia^haiiwi, bceanfe, hav* 
ing very wide pores, and fepantble parts, it 
admits the matter whereof light conflifta 
through right lines. Aiid hence it is, tUit ' 
not only the fun and the planets fiilne or re- 
flect their light upon us, bot alfo the fixt. ^ 
fbrs are fcen by us at immenfe Diflaoce. But * 
OS deep water does not tr^nfmit all the rats 
which fill upon it, becaufe the feries of ligft * 
b interrupted by the motion of the wattv 
particles ; fo many of the rays, which faU* 
upon this prodigious bulk of mr over us^ * 
mufl needs be broken oflhmd Intefcepted before 
they reach us: which probably may be the 
caufe, that where the my is clear, it is not * 
quite tranfparent, hut appears of a most blue'^ 
and waterUh colour/'v 

IV. AIR h cofi^nfed and rarefied, be- 
caiifcd it confifling iSv.branchy particles, thole ' 
pMcles are fcatttttd by an extraordinary 
quick motion, whkj\1s\cfUed Rsrefkffm, 

'.^in, thev are eafily throft &to' a led ' 
compaf^ while their lnunches are diisifn^ti^- 
gethd^Aand dofe one ' with another, iilQ^ 
thereby '^9afh' qjit the liquid matter whicia ^^ 
lay between theitf^ and thia ia calkd Cm* 
denfathn, ' \ -'^ 

There are a multi^^ o^ experiments (^ 
prove this t a^ t^ere are Ik fonjoS guns, iotaa 
which fucii a quantity of air may be forced, 
as to flfeooc out a leaden bulk with great 

V. That the ah- has an elaftick force, tbat , 
it, that it has a power to return to the fame ' 
ibte, and re-occupy the fame fpace which St 
filled before, whenever the force thatcrulhetli 
it into a narrower compafs It removed, the ' 
befbre-mentuned experiment does demons 

VI. That AIR it ntc^ry for pime ar 
rtfpirmioH, Without air, flame and fire go ^ 
oot> and afr feems to have a nitrons or fui- 
phureous matter in it, that the air which Ilea 
upon fo many plants, animals and minerals, 
upon which the heat or the fun continually 
operates and extracts a good part of them, 
muft needs carry away with it innumerable 
particles of fulphur and volatile (alts where- 
with things abound, as cHymical experimentt ^ 

Every time the air recehred mto the lun^ - 
pafles cut of them, the 'vMifying fpirit to 
either dcftroyed or loft behind j and thence , 

Digitrzed by V3OOQ IC *• 

A L 

fl niiiMl will die ts well for want of frefh air 
as hf n».C<m of the total want of air. 

It a compotei^ that the qnaotltf of Tinfy- 
hig ^mt that is contained in 'a gallon of com« 
SKo air, will fnffice one man for the fpace of 

AIRINESS (of ai>) btilknefs, livclbefc. 

£if & Ai RSy are the motionaof a horfe that 
liSei ha||ber than terra a terra, and works at 
Carstett, Babtadts^ Croupades and CafrioU. 

AIR (wkh Pkjificians) makes one of the 

hmte AIR (with Anatmifii) is fuppofed 
ID be a ^e, aerial fobftance, indofed in the 
hbyiiath of the inward ear^ and to minifter 
CO the due conveyance of the (bands in the 

AIR (wth Majkiant) fignifies the melody 
or the infl^ion of a mufinl compofition, 

AIR FUMP> a machine or ioftniment 
coatmcd to cztraft or draw the air out of pro- 
ber rtSk\u See Paai^. 

AIRY Hettors (with Afirtnmen) foch at 
are bred of fiatolotts .and fpirituoos ezhala- 
fiOBS or vspoon 5 as winds, &c, 

AISLE' (in HeriiVry) fignifies winged, or 
having wingH F. 

AISTHEHIUM (of aWBavofMt, Gr. to 
perccivej tbe ienibry of the brain. 

To A'KE ? of ace, pain or grief, or 

To ACH'E 5 acian, &ur.) to be painfvl, 
tohe pained. 

To bavi am AlCJKG tooth at otu, to be an- 
py U, ttf'Ibve a mind to rebuke or chafiiie 

4^LA^ the wing of a fowl. 
'. ALA (inAaroay) a term ofed for feveral 
|sita of the body, which bear a resemblance 
to the figare of a wing, as the top of an au- 
lisle, &c. 

ALABASTRA (with Bctaaiflsj the bods 
R ptta leava of plants which locloie the 
hoCtoB of flowers before they are fpread. 

ALAR M 7 {Metaphorically) tBcy man* 

ALA^RUM 5 iya o( fuddeo noife, &c, 
oofaig icar, fright or trouble j alfo a chime 
&t in a dock or watch. . 

ALATER'NUS (with Botantjh) the moft 
IttviiSd ibrab |br hedges, of a lovely green 
cfliev, and bearing fweet icented bloffoms. 

ALB£R'GE {Botap) a fmall forward 
pacb of a yellow colo». 

ALBfFICA'TION, a making white, a 

4Z/BURN Colour, a biowat See Jm- 


ALtURmJlyf (with Botaniftt) it efleem- 
cd by iboe torbe the fat of trees, that part of 
^ tnsk that is between the bark and timber, 
w the BMft tender w<)od, and is hardened af- 
te the (pace of (bme years. 
ALCaLH^'TION 1 (with Oymifit) 
ALRALIZA'TION J* the ad of im- 
|a D^uor with an alcaUae ialt* 


ALdA'LXOUS, qf or pertainu^ to AU 
call. , I 

AL'CrtYMir (oftf/ an jtrabick paitick|,' 
and xyfM».OT XH*^y '^^ X^*' ^^ ">«^t metals) 
that lublimer part of chymiitry that teachet 
the tranfmutation of metals. 

Munera, Isttitiamfut Da, 

ALCOLE'TA, the urtarous fedinient c^ 

ALCO'RAD (with Afirologeri) a contrailci- 
ty of light in the planets, jlrab, 

AL'DER tree (alfcon, -Sir. W«w, L.) f 
tree well known,^ delighting to grow in watc« 
ry, boggy places. 

ALE COST, an herb. 

ALE-DRaPER, a viauaJIer or ale^houfe 

ALERT (alerte, F. probably from akerh% 
hot probably from a Part, accoidi^ig to alt or 
rule) z. In the military fenfe, on guard 3 watoh-> 
fulj vigilant} ready at a call. a. In the 
common fenfe, brifkj pert; petulant| (martg 
implying fome degree of cenfore and coa« 

ALERTNESS (from aiert) the quality 
of being tf/«rr; fprightlincft ; pertneft. ' 

ALEXI'CACON CAXieiWasr, of ^fjf,,, 
to expel or drive out, and ic«a^ evil) a mcdl- 
ant to expel any ill humours out of the 

ALEXITE'RICUM (with Pbyfidan) a 
preiervative againft poifon or infedlioo. 

AUQAJaccharifera (with Botanifts) fu^ 
bearing fea-weed. By hanging in the air, tfflS " 
plant will afford repeated efflorefcenccs of 
white fugar, as fweet as any prepared fiom 
fugar-canes. L. 

AUGAROT (Cbymiflry) a preparation of 
butter of antimony, waiflied in a large quanti-f 
ty of warm water till it turn to a white 
powder. It is otherwife called Mercuriuz 

rUAl* tarv* (m Geometry) it 
nature, that'the fi^ 

(rill always bear /^^^N 
tionto their re- | PI YKC 
:esj thus if .the I t| ^ 
AbS'iJft.APx * 

ALGEBRAI'CAL Cwrv (ia Geometry) it 
acurveoffuch a nature, that'the 
abfciffes of it will 
the fame proportion t 
fpe£live otdinatesj 
product of any Mfiijfe, 
multiplied into the fame quantity, P will ba 
always equal to the fquare of the correfpon- 
dent ordinate, P M 2 fy, the equation ez- 
preiiing the nature of the curve will be / « 
s= yy, and the curve is the common parable. 

AL'GIDNESS ( atgiditas, L. } coldncis, 

AJb'GOL (in Aftronomy) a fixed ftar of 
the firf^ magnitude in theconftellation Perfeus, 
in longitude 51 degrees 37 minutes, latitude 
12 degrees aa minutes, called alfo Midufd'% 

AL'OORISM (with Mathematicians) the 
pra^cal operations in the ieveial parts of 
fpecioo9 Arithmttick | alfo the prad&e of 
common Arithwttickj by ten numericai 
D Digitized ^LH A'NDAL 

A L 

name ofColxjnrbn, as TrocbiJc^Mandali , are 
Torchces. compofed of Coiocy^bi', Bditliym 
and Gum Tragacatnh. 

AXIAS, a fecond or fiirlhcr writ iffued 
from the courts at H^eftmiufter, after a Capias 
ifloed out without efFe^. 

ALIBLE alihilit, L.) Nutritive j nourifh- 
ing ; that which may be nouriflied. 

ALIEN {^lienus, L,) i. Foreign, Or not 
t»f the fame family or land. z. Eftraoged 
from ; not allied to ; adverfe to ; with the 
particle yV'Mt, and fometimes io, bat impro- 

A'LIEN (aliema, L.) i. A foreigner; 
not a denifon ; a man of another country or 
^mlly; not allied ; a ftranger. i. In Law, 
an A^ien is one born in a ttrange country, 
«nd never enfranchifed. A man born out 
of the land, fo it be within the Umits beyond 
the feas, or of EfigHfb parents out of the 
king*8 obedience, fo the parents, at the time 
of the ^rth, be of the king's obedience, is 
not AUtn. If one bom out of the king*s 
allegiance, come and dwell in England, his 
children (it he beget any here) are not Aliens, 
but denizens. 

Td ALIEN («/fwr, Fr. elieno, L.) i. 
To make any tning the property of another. 
%, To eftrange ; to turn the mind or affec- 
tion ; to make avcrfe ro } with /rom. 

ALIENABLE (from to ahntate) that of 
which the property may be transferred. 

To ALIENATE [aliemr, Fr. alieao, L.) 
1. To transfer the property of any thing to 
another, a. To withdraw the heart or af- 
fections; with the partide/reivy where the 
firft pofTeflbr is mentioned. 

ALIENATE {alienatus, L.) withdrawn 
from ; ftranger to ; with the particle yrmi. 

ALIENATION {alienatio, L.) i. The 
ad of transferring property. 2. The Date 
of being alienated, as, the eftate was wafted, 
during its aiieiiatiot, 3. Change of affediion. 
4. Apply *d to -the mind, it means diforder of 
the fiiculties. 

ALIENATION,*a making over, or glv. 
bg the right and property of a thhig to ano- 
ther: alfo the drawing awdiv or cftranging 
the afFe£^ions of one perfon from another. 

ALIENATION Office, an oftice to which 
all writs and covenants and entry, upon which 
ftnes are levied, and recoveries fuflered, are 
carried, to have fines for alienation fet and 
paid theveon. 

ALlENILCyqUY (alieni/ofuitm, L.) a 
talking wide from the purpofe, or not to the 
matter in hand. 

ALIF'EROUS {atifer, L.) bearing or kav- 
ing wings. 

ALIO'EROUS {aliger, L.) bearing, car- 
rying, "or having wings. 

To ALIGHT' (aljh^n, A»jf.) to get off 
the back of an horfe; . alfo CO'^tle upon^ as 
a bird. 

A L 

A'LIM A ( of » privarive, and \ifAk» Gr. 
hunger) medidner which either prevent or 
alTuage hunger. L, 

A'LIMENT ( m a Medicinal fenfe] all that 
which may be diflblved by the ferment or 
natural heat of the fh>Tnach, and converted 
into the juke called Cbilt, to repair the con* 
tioual wafting of the parts of the body. 

ALIMEN'TAL {ahmtntalis, L.) pertahi- 
log to nourifhment. 

ALIMEN'TARINBSS ( of alimentarius, 
L.) nouriftiing quality. 

ALIMENTARY Dua {Anatomv) that 
part of the body through which food paffes, 
from its reception into the mooth, %> its «dc 
at the anusy including the pila, flomach and 
imefiines. Dr. Tyfon, Alfo it is /bmetimea 
usM for the ^fboracick Duff, 

A'LIPEDE («//>«, L. of */«, a bird, and 
pes a foot) nimble, fwift of foot. 

ALIPrTERY {alipterium, L. of aXiir?ifi»v, 
Gr, ) a place belonging to, or an apartment 
in baths, where perfons were anointed. 

AL'KALI (fo called from the Arabiek 
particle al and Kali) an herb called otherwrfe 
Salt'Vfort or Glafs-noort, whkh b a kind of 
fea-blite, and one of the principal ingredienta 
in maki g glafs, and affords a great quantity 
of this kind of fait, and is cither fixed or 

AL'RALI Salts, are only acids concen. 
trated in little molecules of earth, and united 
with certain particles of oil, by the means 
of fire. 

Fixt ALKALIES (withC^jm/» are made 
by burning the plant Kail, &c. and having* 
made a lixivium, or lee of the afhes, fil- 
trating that lee, and evaporating the moifture 
of it by a gentle heat, fo that the fixt fait 
may be left at the bottom of the vefTel, Thia 
fixt fait being rendered very porous by the 
fire having pafs*d fo often through it in its 
calcination, and probably by fixing there fome 
of its eilentiai fait ; and becaufc that inanv- 
of tbfi fiery particles do alfo ftick in thofe 
pores, when any acid liquor Is -mingled with 
it, caofes a very great ebullition, or efiier. 

Volatile ALKALIES {Cbymipy) arc the 
volatile falts of vegeublcs, which are fo 
called, bccaufe they will ferment with acids. 

ALL, , f. (^te; completely, a. Al- 
together; wholly 5 without any other con- 
fideration. j. Only ; without admiffion of 
any thing elfc. 4. Although. Thy fenfe i» 
truly teutonick, but now obiblete. 5. It ia 
fometimes a word of emphafis ; nearly the 
fame with juft. 

ALL (lell, xal), zalle, alk. Sax, oils, 
ff^eip ; al Dytcb ; alle, Ctfm. ih9;, Gr.)^ 1. 
The whole number, every one. a. The 
whole quantity; every part. 3. The whole* 
durarion of time. 4. The whole extent of , 


Digitized by 



AIXy the whole | oppeftd to part,- or 
wedumg. x, £very chjag>' as, evny thing is 
ihtkitUr, the fame, the fitter, 

ALL hxBttch died in t^mpofittM, bat in 
moft iaAaAccSy it is merely arbitjaryj as, 
m B nmmi mi l tmg, Soaaetimca the woidt com- 
ftoMikA, «kh it, are fixed aod daffical ^ as, 
Jbmihtf. When it ts conneAed with a par*^ 
tadpk, it icexnfl to be a noun ; as, aU-Jttr- 
r«4aAaf ; in otber cafca, an adrerb ; as, alU 
0ameftAedy «r completelf accomplifhed. 
Of theK oofflpoands, a fmall part of thofe 
wbch may he found ig inierted. 

To ALLAY {horn alivfer^ F.) to mix one 
BMtxI with another, in order ^ coinage t 
jt b tberdwe demed bj iotnt from a ia loi, \ 
Bexeritwg £» lew ; the quantity of metals being 
■uxed accwfing to law \ by others from alHer, 
to mmuy perhap* from aiUcare, tp put toge- 
ihcr. I. To mix one metal with another, 
to make it &tter fer coinage ; in this fenfe, 
mKA avthoia preicrve the original French or- 
thognphy^ and write alley (which fignifies, 
J. Bftfer metal mixed in coinage. 2. Abate- 
ment ^ dhnioatjoo.} 2. To join any thing to 
mootiier, £0 as to abate its predominant qua* 
itica, 3. To quiet, to pacify, tg reprefs. 
The word, in this fenie, I think not to be 
derived fiom the French alloyer\ but to ^be 
the Et^lifif woid lay^ widi a before it, ac- 
cor£r{ to the o!d form. 

ALLAY (from «%, F.) i« The roeUl 
of a bafer kind mixed la coins, to haiden 
tiwB, that they may wear lefs.* Gold is al- 
Isyed unth filver and copper, two carats to a 
pooad Troy 5 filver with copper only, of 
whkh 18 penoywdghts is mixed with a pound. 
Cv9«/ thinks that die aliay is added, to conn- 
tcmil the charge of coining $ which naight 
have been done, only by seeking the coin lefs. 
»• Any thmg, which, being added, abates 1 
the predominant qualities of that with which 
It ii mingled ; in thel&me manner as, the 
aimtxtuie of bafer metals aUayt the qualities 
%4 the firft mala. 3. Aftay being uken from 
haiicr o^ecaJa, commonly . implies fomething 
worfe than that with which it is mixed^ 

The joy has m ^lay of jealoufy, hope, 
aad fear. Refcem, 

ALLAYER {from jllfay, ) The perfoo or 
ddag that has the power or qoality of allaying. 

ALLAYMSNT (from allay.) That 
whkh has the power of allaying or abating 
thefxrce of another. 

ALLEOORaCALNCSS (ofallegorifue,^, 
a:ltgwiau, L. o»' eiKKftyopmou Gr.) being 

ALXEGORY {aXimyofU, ofaxyof, ano- 
Aer, and mycftim, I fiiy, Gr.) a fayii.g one 
thsflg, and meaning another. It is a conti* 
soed metaphor^ in which words there is 
fi>nething coocoed different from the literal 
fieafe, and the figaiativc manner of fpeech ia. 
' ; CO through the whole dilcourie } or 

. A L 

it may be defined to be a finies or continuatioA 
of metaphors, as that allegory in Haraee, 
Lib. i,0d«X4> ^ 

natvis refertnt in mare te novi fiuBmt, 

Where by thtjbif is meant the commAnwealtb'% 
by the waves, the c/v/V war \ by the p^rt^ 
peace wA "concord \ hy che ears, foldiersi by 
the mariners, magifirattt, Sec. 

ALL£LU'JAH« the herb wood- forrel, or 
French forrd. 

ALLER (with antient writers) a word 
ufed toexprels tht fuperlative degree, *jit oiler 
good the greateft good. , 

ALLER SANS JOUR (Law phrafe) !.•« 
to go without, a day): fignifies to be filially dif- 
mifs'd the court^ another day of appearance 
being appointed. • * 

ALLI'ED (aliie', F.) aoatched, uqited, alfo 
joined by league* 

ToAL'LlCATE,(di7/^a/iri», L.) to bind 

ALLIGA/TOR, a kind of a fT^ Indian 
c/<}<odUe,.an astiphibious creatnre, living both 
on land and water j they grow as long as they 
live, and fo^q^are 18 feet in length, and toro- 
portionably large, they have a mulkyfmell,^ 
ftrong, thart the air is fcented for an hundred 
paces' round th^m, and alio the water they 
lie in. , ^ - ' 

AL'IO^H (Navigation) a fburln the tail 
of Urfagfojpr, of^mMch uue to navigators in 
finding out the latitude, the hdght- of the 
pole, fif*. 

.ALLO/DIUM. (CiW/i^iw) a freehold, 
every roan*s own land or e(hite^that he pof* 
feiTes, merely in his own right, not yielding 
any farvices to another, and. is oppofed to, 
, ALLOW'ABLENESS (of aOener, ¥.) 
being allowable. 

ALL- GOOD, the herb mercury> orGc^ 

ALLSEED, a phint fo called from its a- 
bounding with feed. 

AL'LUM {alumen, L.) a mineral well 

Saccharine ALLUM, a compoiition of 
allum, rofe- water, and whitti of eggs boiled 
to the confidence of a pafte. 

Plumo/e ALLUM, a fort of faline mineral 
ftone, moft commonly white, inclining to 
green,*which rifes in threads and fibres, re- 
fembling a feather. 

ALLU'RINGKESS (of ad and lure) en. 

ALLU^SIpN, a fpeaking a thing with re* 
ference to another ; and fo allufion is made to 
a cuil<im> htftory, &e, when any thing ia 
fpdkcn or wi itten that has relation to it. 

ALLUSION CmRhetorick) a dalliance or 
playing wirh words alike iia found, but unlike 
in feofe^ by changing^ adding or taJung awaf 
a letter 0^ two* ' 

^^ Digitized b'yGoOgl^^ 


ALLU'STVENBSS (of tlhtfi^ t.) the 
having an ajlufion to. 

. ALLUATION (in the chnl Uxo) an accef « 
fion or accrstion along the Tea ihoccy or the 
^ankt .of large nwtn, bjr tempeAa or tmin- 
. AJULU/VIOU9 (oliHviMi, L.) <nrerflow- 

: i^L'MA (of tf/mitf, of al§HJo, L. noarifli- 
in%, Cafe,) noariihijig, foftering, cheri/hing, 
M tf/jiMi 0u/er Qtntahrigia^-tht fofteriiig mo- 
ther Camhridgt. 

ALMACAN'TORS (with AJht^ncmws) 
«rclea..«f, -ai^hide parallel to the horison, 
the common pole of wltich i* Uk the Zatitb* 
jhsk. ^" • • . 

ALMACAN'TOR Staff {^vi\\h Matbmn- 
tUiafU) «n MiAnsoienc of ibox or pear wood^ 
with an arch of 15 degrees, for taking obferva- 
tiofls of the fun At bi» ofing 4Nr letting, to^nd 
the amplitude;, and thereby the variation of the 
compara. ». • • , :> ; 

AL'MANACK^ diftrib^tion or aamber. 
1ng« ArtB. ' ' • 

ALMODA'RU {Uwtenkjhutii of frtt 
onarton^ iotds para mounts ^ * - < 
• ALMOPN. Set Frank Affkoim' 

AL^MONARV 7 theoAceor lodgings of 
AU'MRY 5 the almoner, alib the 

ipltce Where alms are giTcn. '! > '* 
' ' AL'MOND {amygdi/i^ L.) d Tort of nut 
weU known.- < 

ALMQND Furnace (with Refintrt\ a fur- 
nace for feparating all 'foits of metals from 
«in4eri^ pieces oT melting pots^ and other re- 
toiit things. 

<■: ALMO^VStf the rbhtat,ZTt the ghn- 
cluloQS fubftance, placed on each fide the 
Ukfuia at the root of*^ the tongue, refembling 
two kernels ; thefe receive the 54/iWorfpit- 
tle'/rOxa the briuli^ and difperfe it to the 
tongue, jaws, throat, and gullet, to moiften 
them,- -and make them flippery. Thefe being 
inflamM and fwell'd by a cold, &c, ftrafghten. 
thtf paflTage <Sf the throat, and render it pain- 
ful and difficult to fwallow even the fpittle. 
This Wcalted tfire Throat, and by fbme the 
falling- of' the almonds of the tars, 

AL'MONER Jan ecclefiaftica! officer of 

aIM'NER Cthekingj^r.whofe office 
^!s to take care crthe diftribution of the alms 
-to the poor, to vifit the fick, to receive all 
things given in alms \ alfo forfeitures by mif- 
adventures, aiid the goods of feif-murcherers, 

ALMO'ST (Al-m«ft> Sax,) for the 
moft ot greateft part. 

ALMS CBxiK/Moj-Jfij, Gr») that which is 
freely given to tne poor. 

ALOES /AX01?, Gr.) the gum or juice of 
B tree growing cfpecially in Egypt, 

A LOGY (aX6>fa, Gr.) unrcafonaWcncfs, 
efpecialiy in eating. 

A L 

ALOPECI'A (i>i^inta, of JbJien^, & 
fox, Gf. \He foK-evil) a d'lfeafe called the 
fcvrf, when the hairs fall from the bead, by 
the roots. 

ALOUD (of aloub, Sax,) loudly, with a 
fbong and audible voice. 

AL'PHABET (in Fthgrttpby) a dupli- 
cate of the key of a cypher," which it kept 
bv each of the pstrties who correfpood toge- 

ALPHETA {Afironmy) a fUr of the 
fecond magnitude; aUb called Ltrc7(£z Coroatf. 

ALTAR {altare, L.) the table hi Chriftiara 
churches wherethecommunion isadminifter*d» 

AL'TERABLBNESS (of alterare^ L.) 
liaUenefe to be altered. 

AUTERANT {alterant^ L.) a property 
or power in certain medkines, by which they 
induce an alteration in the body, and difpofe 
it for health and recovery, by correfting fonie 
indifpofition without caufing any fenfible evm- 

ALTERA'TIQN (viflth Naturalifts) thtt 
motion whereby a natural body is changed or 
varied in fome drcumftances from what it 
really was bcforrf, though as to die nature 
and bulk, they appear to fenfe the fame. 

To ALTERNATE {ahemare^ L.) to do 
by courfe or turns, as an alternate office^ }, e« 
an office which is difcharged by turns. 

ALTERl^ATE -<^ir^/f* (In Gtfow#fry) two 
equal angles made by a Jine • 

cutting two parallels, and X/iZ 
makes thofe parzlkl the one yu/ 
on one fide, and fhe other on T 
the other, as x anii ^i x and'jr are alternate 

* ALTERNATE Proportion (witlr Geome^ 
tricians) is. when in any fct of proportionals 
^the' antecedents are compared together, and 
the confequents together. 

ALTERNA'TION (by (ome Matbema^ 
tieiam) is ufed for the diflPerent changes and 
alterations of order In any number of things^ 
as the changes rung on bells, &c, 

ALTERN'ATENESS 7 (alternate, 

ceiiion by courfe. 

ALTERN'ATIVELY . {alumativement, 
F.) by turns. 

ALTERN'ITY {a/ternitas, L.) inter- 

ALTIL'OQUENCE, (of a^tilofuem, L.) 
talking loud or high. 

ALTILO'QUIOUS {altilc^ttus, L.) talk- 
ing dHid i alfo of high matters. 
- ALTIL'OQUV {altilo^uium, t,) loud 
talk i alfo of high things. 

ALTI'METRY (of alta, high thingf, 
and metin, L. ip meafure) a part of Geome* 
try, that teaches the method of taking and 
meafuriog heights, whether acceffible or in- 

ALTl'SONOUS {aJtifinui, L.) foundii^ 
)|igh, toud^ ihrill, clcar^ &c. 

' Digitized by Google ^^ 


A M 

ALTITUDE ^ the Pole (ia Afirvnamy 
md GngrmfhyS ti the b^fght or Ddmber of 
Ap^ees, cnxt the pole in any latitude i^nisM 
or appears above the horizon. 

ALTITUDE ofaTrUaigk (in dmetrv) 
is the length of a right line let 
hXi perpendicular from any of the 
aAgks on the fide oppofite to 
that angle fcom whence it falls^ 
and may be either within or 
without the triangle, as is mark- 
ed bf the prickM lines in the 
ajpure ammBcd. 
n» ALTITUDE of a Rhomhus (in Geo- 

y. ^ metry) or of a Rbowiaidis, is 

[\ :\ a right line let fall perpendica. 
: \ ; \ lar from any angle on the op- 
pofite fide to that angle, and 
it aij he cith^ within or without the figure, 
as the prickM Unes in the figure annexM. 

ALTITUDE (wiih-^^lfrwfflww) the height 
«f the fuB, noon, planets, or point of the 
heavens coiBprebended between the horiaon 
■** falJd circle of altitude, or between the 
Aar or aflisnad point in the heaTcns and the 

AL^ TITUDE (in Cofmograpf>y) is the 
F**Tf"dxcuIar height of a body or obje& j.^or 
itt diftanoe from the horisen upwards. 
JJ^mdiam ALTITUDE of the San, an 
J»« of the meridian, contained between the 
no and the horizon, when the fan is in the 

Afparext ALTITUDE of the Sun, Ac. 
(ia jjfirnemy) is what it appears to our ob- 

^ X ALTITUDE J ^j" ,"^*T^J 
7rme J'**-***^*'* 7 that firom which 

the rcfra^Hon has been fubftraded. 

ALTITUDE of the Eptator (AftroMmy) 
the caaBplcoAent of the altitade of the pole 
to a foadJiant of a drcle. 

ALTITUDE (in Optjcks) is tlie perpen- 
diralar fpace o^ place betwixt the hafe and 
the eye, or height of the vifual point above 

ALTITUDE ef a Figure (with Geometric 
eium) the perpendicular diAaace between the 
the vertex and the bafe. 

ALTITUDE «f Afotiou {Mechanieis) the 
aaafuae of any motion counted according to 
th* Kae of dire^on of the moving force* 

ALU'MINATED {aluminatui, L.) done 

AM (Eo«, Sa:e,) as I am. 

AMABILITY (eLwmhiUui, L.) amiable- 
asft, lorelincff . 

AUARITVDE {ameiritudo, L.) bitter- 

AMARULENCE {amaritude, L.) bitter- 

AMASMENT (from amafi) a heap | an 
MeumoJation ; a oolle£tion. 

To AMASS (fiora *muffir, F.) I. To 
col*^ together faito ooe heap or mafs. ». In 
t iifBOliTc kalk, to add oqg (hiag to aiw 

A M 

th^r, generally with fome (hai^p of repreachi 
either of eagernefs, or indifcrimlnation. 

To AMAZE (from a and maxe, per- 
plexity) I. To confufe with terror, a. To 
put into confufion with wonder. 3. To put 
mto perplexity. 

AMAZE (from the verb amane) aflomf^* 
mcnt $ confufion, either of fear or wonder. ' 
- AMAZEDLY (from timaxed) confufedlyj 
with /7M/7as#m«i*r) with confufion. 

AMAZEDNESS (from amaxed) the flate 
of being amazed j aflonifhment 5 wonder | 

AMAZEMENT (fVom «wjw)'-t. Suc^. 
a eonfiifed aoprehenfion, as does not leave 
reafon iu full fijrcc j extreme fear j hofror. 
1. Extreme dejeftion. 3. Height of admi- 
^^^, 4. Aftonifliment, wonder at an un- 
?*P«acd event. 

AMAZING (fi-om «"«**) Vronderfblj 

AMAZINGLY (from maxing) to « 
degree that may excite aftoniiha>ent : won- 

AMBER.GREASE 7 a fragrant drug, 

AMBER^GRIS 5 which melts ah- 
moft like wax, of an aih or grtyiih colour s 
it is ufed both by apotliecaries as a cordial, 
and by perfbmers as. a fcent. 

It is found in feveral parts of the oceap, 
upon the Coafts of Mffcovy and on the htdiifu 

Some ima^ne it to be a conpoond of wax 
and honey, which being hardened by the fun 
and falling into the fea, is there brought to 
perfe£^ion s this opinion ia the more probable, 
in that an eflence much relembUng it xpay be 
extra£ked from a compofition of wax and ho- 
ney : and this opinion feems to be further 
fupported, in that large pieces have been 
found before it has arrived at its full maturity, 
which being broke had wax and hooey in the 
middle of them. 

Lifuid AMBER, is . a fort of native bal- 
famorrefin, refemUing turpentine, clear, of 
colour reddifh or yellowiih, of a pkafant 
fcent, almofl like that of ambeigreaie. 

Oil of AMBER, is a fine yoUow tranfpa- 
rent, ponderous oil, procured after the iplric, 
by augmenting the degree of fire. 

Spirit of AMBER, is an acid liquor drawn 
from amber, by pulverizing and di/tiUing it, 
in a fand bath, &e, 

AMBIDEX'TER, a preraricator, a jack 
on both fides. 

demer, h.) the ufing of both hands alike. 

AMBIENT Air (with NaturaliJIi) the 
encompaiCng air, fo calkd by way of emi- 
nency, becaofe it fuiroundi all things 00 the 
furface of the earth. 

AMBIENT Bodies (with Pbihfiphen) 
the fajoe as circumambient bodies : natural 
bodies that happen to be placed round aboa% 
or eacoo^ali other bodjeu ^ t 

Digitized by V3OOQ IAM- 


, AM 

AMBIGUITY {fjotoamhiggous) doubtful- 
nefs cf meaning ; uncertainty of figajfication : 
(touble mear.iM. 

AMBtGUWS (amitgims, L.) i. Doubt- 
ful ; ha^ng two meanings j of uncertain fig- 
^ isification. z. Applied to perfons ufing doubt- 
ful expteifions. Jt is applied to exprelHons, 
ar thofe that ufe them i not to a dubious, or 
fafpended (late of mind* 

AMBIOUOUSLY from emhiguous) In 
an amhijguoki manner; doubtfully ; uncer- 
tainly ; with double meaning. 
• AMRIGUOUSNESS ( from ambiguws ) 
The quality of being ambiguous j uncertaioty 
ef meaning; duplicity of fignifiration. 

AMBILOCy {fromamio^ L. and Uy-Q, 
Or.) Talk of ambiguout^ or doubtful iigni- 

AMBILOQ]ITOUS (from ajubonnAUq^or, 
L.) ufing ambiguout and doubtful expreHiong. 

AMBlLOQyY {amhilofuum, L.) The 
ufe of doubtful and indetermmate expreffions ; 
difcourfe of double meaning. 

AMBIT {ambitus, h.\ The compafs, or 
circuit of any thing } tne line that enoom- 
paiTes any thing. 

AMBITION (irwW/r>, LJ The defire of 
fomerhlng higher than is poflefled at prefent. 
1. The defire of preferment or honour. 2. 
The defire of any thing great or excellent. 3 . 
3t is ufed with to before a verb, and of before 
a noun. 

AMBITIOUS (ambithfut, t,.) 1. Seacd 
*ir touched with ambitkn \ defirous of ad- 
Yancement ; eager of honours ; afpiring. 
It has the particle q/" before the objeib of am- 
bition. %, Eager to grow bigger ; afpiring. 

AMBITIOUSLY rfrom ambitiovs) In an 
ambitious manner; witii eagerncfs of advance- 
Hient or preference. 

AMBIT lOUSNESS (from ambitious) The 
quality of being ambitious. 

AMBITUDE (ambio, L.) Compafs ; cir- 
cuit { circumference. 

To AMBLE (ambkr, F.ambulo, L.) i. 
To move upon an amb/e^ (See amble) 2, To 
imove eafily, witbout hard (hocks, or fhafcing. 
3. In a ludicrous fen(e, to move with fub> 
sniffion, and by direction ; as, a horfe that 
ambles, ufes a gait not natural. 4. To walk 
daintily and affe^edly. 

AMBLE (from to amble) A pace or move- 
ment, in whivh the horfe removes both hit 
-]cgs on one fide ; at, on the other (ide, he 
rcmo%'es his fore and binder leg of the fame 
tide, at the fane time, whilft the legs on the 
near fide (land ilill; and when the far legs are 
upon the gruund ; the near fide removes the 
fbre leg and hinder leg, and the legs on the 
Ur fide fland Hill 

AMBLYOPl'A {ofAfx^XmvU, Or.) dul- 
«e& or dimneffi of fight, when the obje£l is 
Aot clearly difccnrd, at what difUnce (ocvcr it 
be placed. 

AAuBULATIOK, a walking. L. 

A M 

AM'BULATORY {ambuUtorh, L.) go- 
ing or moving up^nd down, not being fixed 
to any place ; as Ambulatory Courts in oppo<- 
fition to Sedentary^ 

AME'NABLE {of amener, F.) traaablc, 
that may be led or governed. 

AMEND' ABLENESS (of amenJemetrt, F. 
or emendabilis, L.) capablenefs of being a- 

AMENDE' an Frtncb Cuftona) a muia or 
pecuniary puniihrnent, impofed by the fen- 
tence of the judge for any crime, falfe pro- 
fecution, or groundlefs appeal. 

AMENDE boftorabk, is where a perfon is 
condemned to come into court, or into the 
prefence of fome perfon injured, and make an 
open recantation ; alfo an afflictive paio, car- 
rying with it fome note of infamy or difgracej 
as when the perfon offending is fentenccd to 
go naked to his fliirt, a torch in hi« hand, 
and a rope about his neck, into a church or 
before an auditory, and there beg pardon of 
God, or the king, or the court for fome de- 

A'METHYST ^n Heraldry) is the purple 
colour in the coats of noblemen, which it 
called ^ir/^c(r:f in the coats of lower gentry, and 
A^rvryin thofe of fovereign princes. See 

AMETHYSTIZO^'TES (of 'A^s^ifri. 
rev, Or.} the beft fort of carbuncles or 

A'MIAB^ENESS {amabilitas, L.) love- 
linefs ; alfo friendlinefs. 

AMNl'GENOUS {amnigenas, L.) born or 
bred in^ of, or near a river. 

AMO'MUM (with Botanifts) the herb 
Our Lady^s Poff, or Roje of J erufaki^, 

A'MORIST {amorejut, L.} an amoroiM 

A'MOROUSNESS {of amorofis, L.) lor- 
ingnefs, ^f. 

AMOR'PHOUS {ofamorfbus, L. ifiof^q, 
Gr.) without form or ihape, ill'ihapen. 

AMORTIZA'TION > (in Law) the aft 

AMOR'TIZEiVlENT S of turning lands 
into mortmain, r. r. of alienating or tranf- 
ferring them to fome corporation, guild or 
fraternity, and their fuccelTora^ See Mort^ 

To AMOR'TIZE (m Law) to make 
over lands or tenements to a corporation, 

AMPHIB'IOUSNESS ^of ampbibius, L. 
of tifA^i^i9i, Gr.) amphibkMs nature, living 
on land and in water. 

. AMPHIL/QGY {^AfA^XoyU, Gr. } an 
ambiguity of fpeech. 

AMPLE {amplusy L.) x. Large; wide 5 
extended. 1. Great in bulk. 3. Unlimited } 
without reftrlAion. 4. Liberal ; large ; witb- 
out parfimony, 5. Large; fplendid ; with- 
out re&rvation. o« Diffufive ; not contxadV- 
ed; as, an ampU narrative ; that is, not an 
epifomi, • r-^ T 

Digitized by VjOOglCAMPLB- 

A M 

ilMPLZKESS (from amph) Tht quality 
of bang ^KM^r, largencft, fpleodor. 

To aMPLIATE {smplw, L.) To en- 
liifB» to make greater, to extend. 

AMPLIATION (from ampliate) i. ln» 
lufemeot^ cxaggeratioo^ extenfioo. 2. Dif- 
feieec^, enlargement. 

ToAMPl.IFICATE{rf«^/j^ro, L.) To 
CBl»f^, to fpread out, to amplify. 

AMPLIFICATION {ampltficatt'on, F. 
smflttMi9, L.) I. Eahrgement, extenfioo. 
1. It ii nfvally taken in a rhetorical feufe, 
aidiBpiescxaaerated repi«fentation, or dif^ 
Saki aanatiTe ; an image hightened beyond 

"7 ; a BartaciTe enlarged with many at- 

AMPLIFIER (fiom to tmpKfy) One that 
cdbrget any thtog, one that exaggerate!, one 
Aot rep^efeott any thing with a large difplay 
tf the bell ctrcnmfbncefl, it being afoaUy 
taken isa good lenla. 

To AMPLIFY (dsf/j^cr, F.) To enlarge, 
tacDcreafe any^ material ivbfiaiice, or object 
«f imfe. %• To enlarge, or extend any 
tinig incflipoRa]. 3. To exaggerate any 
tUag, to oilaige it ^ the rtianner of repre- 
fcauO o B . 4. To enlarge, to improTe hy 
flew aocfatxoQt. 

To AMPLIFV, frequently with the par- 
tide am. I. To fpeak largely in many wordt, 
to lay oae*t ielf o«t in difFnfion. 2. To form 
krge or pompooa reprefentadons. 

AMPLITUDE (amflitiule, F. amplinuh, 
L.) I. Extent. 2. Largenefs, greatnefs. 3. 
Capacity. 4* Splendor, grandeor, dignity. 
5. *C«»pioafneft, abundance. 6« Ampiitudt of 
tht rswge ^« pnje&Ht, tienoCea the horizontal 
fine fbbtending the path in whkh it moved. 
7. Amfiitmde m aflronomy, aa arrh in the 
hflriaon. Intercepted between the true eaft 
aad weft point tbere'jf, and the center of the 
&■ or,ftar at its fifirg or fettiog. It is eaflem 
or ovtive, wfaeo the liar rifes, and weftern or 
aecidooBfl, when the ftar fett. The eaftern or 
weftern smfUtudi are alfo called northern or 
ItMttbtfn, m they fall in the northern or (outh- 
cza qmiteia of the horison. 

AC^MTfisa/ AMPLITUDE, la an a^ch of 
thejMnsQO rontained between the fun at his 
aififig, and the eaft or weft point of the com- 
fall; or, it is the dtiFerence of the rifing or 
ftniBg of the fun, from the eaft or weft points 
cf the compaft. 

AMPLY {MmfH^ L.) i. Largely, liberal- 
ly, a- At large, without referve. 3. At 
isfge, copioufly, wi'h a d'ftufire detail. 

To AM'PUTATE >^amoutart, L.) to cut 
cff^ in gatdening, tojop or prune. 

AMYCDLA^ (with Anatomifit) the al- 
Bonds to tlie ears ; the fame as fanftbmi^ and 

aNABAP'TIST (of ^m' and B'lv^iiiy, G. 
u t, to hap( iae again) by this name were call- 
ed Jobm 4f LydeM Manitr^ Kntfperdoling, 

od ociia G.rmn Smbmfifit about the time 

A N • 

of the reformation ; they . maintained t m • 
That infSints are not capable of baptifoQ. a« 
They rejedcd all communion with other 
churches and oaths. 3. That the gcdly fliould 
enjoy a monarchy here on this earth, thnt 
men have free will In fpiritual matters, and 
that any man may preach and adminifter the 

ANABA'SIS (avaCM-ic, of avaCtitvtt, Or. to 
aficend} an afcending or getting up, an afcent 
or rife. 

ANACATHARSIS {cSvaxa&sfTi; of »•,«', 
above and MM&aJfat, Gr. to purgej a medicine 
that purges or difchaxges nature by tome cf 
the upper parts. 

ANACHORETA (dyaxmftr^ii, Gr.) a 
monk who retires ^Vom company, and leads a 
folitaty life by himf^f. 

ANAOLYPmCE ('AntyXwrliw?, Gr.) 
the art of engraving,- chafing or imbofling. 

ANAGOGET'ICAL {anag9geticuf, L.) 
pertaining to myfteries, myftfcal, myfterious, 
that has an exalted or uncommon ftgnification ; 
alfo that exalts the mind to divine contemn 
plations. ** 

ANAISTHESFA (of «,j and al^tcU, 
Gr.) a lofs of, or defeA of fenfe, as in inch 
as have the palfy or are blafted- 

ANALEM^MA (with j4ftronomers) itnor* 
thographical projeAion ot the fphere, on the 
phiin of the meridian, the eye being fuppofed 
to be at an infinite diftance, and either in the 
eaft or weft points of the horizon. 

ANALEMMA {j^rwwuy) an inftniment, 
a kind of aftrolabe made eidier of brafs or 
wood, confifting of the famiture of the fame 
prqe€tion, with an horizon or curfor fitted to 
it, ufed for finding the fun's rifing and fetting« 


ANAL^GESY {analgefia, L. «Pr«XysWtf, 
Gr.) an indolency, a being free from pain 
and greief. 

ANALO'GICALNESS (of anafofti^^ F. 
anaiogicus, L. of w^tyiuof, Gr.) the being 

ANAL^OGOUS {anahgui, L.) pertaining 
to analogy, anfwerable in proportion, refem« 
blingor bearing relation to. 

ANALOGY {a'f*}^U of «w and Xtyi^ot, 
Gr.)iike reafon, pToportion, correfpondence ; 
felation which feveral things in other refpe^ 
bear to one another. 

ANAL'OOY (with Grammarians) the dc» . 
dining of a noun, or the conjugation of a verb 
according 10 its rule or ftandard. * 

ANAUYilS (with Ciymiftt) the decom- 
pounding vf a mixt body^ or the reducing any 
fubftancelnto its firft principles. 

ANALYSIS (with Ugtdam) is the me- 
thod of finding out truth, and ^ynthefis is the 
method of convincing others of a truth already 
found out. It is the attention the mind gives to 
what it knows in a queftlon, which helps to 
refolve it, and in which the analyjii principaliy 
coofifts s all the art lying in extracting a 

Digitized by 

r^ «reat 


^■. . A N 

great, maay trnths* which lead «• ta the 
knowledge of what we feek after. 

AHALYSIS (mthlldatbematidans) is the 
art of dKcorering the tnith or faifehood of a 
propoiition^ by fuppofingtbe quefiion to be al- 
ways folvedy and then exaxnining the confe- 
fluences, till fome known or eminent truth is 
ianai out ; or elTe the tmpoffibility of the 
prefent propofitlon is difcovezed. 

ANALYSIS of fnite ouantities {Matbi- 
maticki) that whtth is caUed Sfedout Aritb- 
wttick or Algebram 

ANALYSIS of infinitum is the wtetbed of 
fuxiont or dtffcrtntial cakukti called the Nm» 

ANALYSIS, a table or fyUabus of the 
principal heads or artic]es*of a continued dif- 
cottrie, difpoied la their natural order and 

ANALYflCAL Metbod (in Logick) is 
the method of teiblutiony /hewing the true 
way by which the thing was m^thodkally 
cr primarily invented. 

ANALYTICALLY fy,t analytifiUf F. 
sntljtiet, L* of •r«X»r(c> Gr.) by way^ of 

ANALYT'ICKS 7 {ifikirtZityGr.) 

ANALYT'ICAL Art 5 a name common- 
ly given to jUgtbrm^ as bemg nothing eUe but 
a general anaJji/U of pure matbematUksi or 
eUe becaofe it teaches how to folve queftions 
and demonftrate ibeorom^ by fearching into the 
lundameatal nature and frame of the thing ; 
, which to that end is as it were refolved into 
partSy or taken all to pieces, and then put 
together again* 

ANAM'NESIS (with Rbttoridans) a fi- 
g;ure, when the orator mentions or calls to 
snind what is paft. 

ANAMNET'ICKS (in Pbamacy) medi- 
cines proper to reftore a decayM memory. 

ANAMOR'PHOSIS {oiilti and fM^^a^g, 
ofuiof^t Or, form or ihape) a iqonftrous pro- 
je« in perfpedlive and painting : or the repre- 
fentation of foilie figure or image, either upon 
a plane or carv*d furface in a deformed (hape, 
which at a proper diftance (hall appear regular 
and in proportion. 

ANANC/EI'ON (*V«yKi/»», Gr.) a fi- 
gure in Rbttorick that makes out the neccfiity 
of a matter. 

ANANTOPO'DOTON { aVamT^lt>rey, 
(7r.) a figure in Rbetorick, when an oration 
wants fome parts. 

ANAPH'ORA (aV«f4f«> Gr.) a relation, 
a repetition. £. 

ANAPHORA (with ancient Aftronmert) 
an afcenfion or rifing up of the twelve figns 
of the sodiack) from tiiie eaft, by the daily 
courfe of the heavens. 

ANAPLEROT'ICKS (tfaffXiif«r(Ka,Gr.) 
medicines proper to fill up ukeis a..d wounds 
with new flcfli. 

ANASAR'CA [i^A<riff, of tint and rif^ 
Rtihy Gr.) a certain fort of droply, being a 

A N • 

White, foft» yeOding fwelling of fome partf 
or of the whole body, that deats in when 

A^ASTOECHEICVSIS (mroixs^«(rif> 
Gr.) a relolution of roizt bodies into their 
firft principles by chymical operations. 

ANAT'ASIS {Jftiraa-K, Gr.)a ftretcbing, 
reaching out, or extenfion upwards. 

ANATASIS (with Surgeons) an extenfion 
of the body towaids the uppor parts. 

ANATHEMAT'ICALLY (of anatbtme, 
F- anatbema, L. aMto^i^*, Cr.) in a curfing 

ANATOMICALLY {anatomue, L. of 
mrofA^ixpQf Gr.) according to the rules of 

A'NATRON (^r«Tpof, Gr.) a fort of fait 
extraded from the water of the river NtU ; 
alfo a nitrous juice which condenfes in vavlta{, 
arches, aiid fubierraneoos. places 5 alfo a vola<^ 
tile fait iktfnmed off (he compofition of ghfs 
when in fufion $ alfi> a compound fait made 
of quickfilver, alum, vitriolj common fait, 
a^ nitre. 

AN'BURY (with Farriers) a fort of we& 
or/pongy wart full of blood, growing in any 
part of the body of a horfe. 

AN'CESTOR, aforc-fithcr. L. 
ANCESTOR (in Ccmmon Law) the dif* 
Terence between ancefior and predecefibr is 
this, anchor is applied to a natural perfon, 
as A B and his anctfon^ and predecejptr may 
be ofed of any perfons that were prior in time, 
as of a corporation or body politick, as a 
bifliop and his predeceflbr. 

ANCHOR ( Hier^fy^ieally ) reprefents 
hope, hope being as it yrere the ancbor that 
holds us firm to our faith in adverfity. 

To Boat tbi ASCHORs to put it into tht 

The ANCHOR is foul (S*a Phrafe) is 
when the cable by the turning of the Aip it 
hitched about the fiuke. 

The ANCHOR is a Cock-beH {Sea Phrafe) 
uTed when the ancbor hangs nght up and 
down by the ihip*8 fide. 

The ANCHOR is a Peek {Sea Phrafc) is 
when it is Jull under the haufe or hole in the 
ihip*s flern, through which the cable runs 
out that belongs to it. 

% Utfaii an ANCHOR 7 {Sea Phrafe) is 
, To ^/ro/ an ANCHOR 3 to put or lei^ it 
down into the fea, in order to make theihip 

The ANCHOR comes borne {Sea Term) 
ufed, when it cannot hold theihip, but that 
it drives away by the violence of the wind or 

To fetcbbome tbe AIJCHOK 7 (5ftfTerm) 
To bringbome tbe ANCHOR 3 is to weigh 
or take It up -out of the river, &c, 

Tojboean ANCHOR {Sea Term) is to cafe 
the flook of it with boards, that it may bet- 
tcr take hold iofoft ground. 


Digitized by L3OOQ IC 

A N 

ANCHORAGE (la torn) a duty jnld to 
Ae kiBf Ibr & frivdegr of tafting anchor 
JB a fook or a liavcn* 

AifC|IORXa]$ i^<w^ (with jfnatO' 
■r£ t^ ^irocds or ihooting &tth of the 
ftoi|iii.f brfy like a beak^ callnl Qtrenidtt 

AWKN"^ (MKtM, F. antipmSf L.) i. 
Oy I thit hapfeBfid long fince,' of oM time, 
nocaoiom. ./fMfffitf and oid are diflioguiihn), 
■II Rfacn to tiie dvntion of the thing hfelf, 
a^ ifi dtf onf , ft coat fkiuch wcj^n ; ind «*- 
OBtf, ID dflie in general, 'as^ ao ancient drefs, 
a k^-oied in former tioies. But t)us is not 
alvatt oMcrvcdf for we mentlcfi ddcuftomti 
tat uo* aitf b« fomctiinef cppol'ed to TtMkm, 
mand i| (cliqai oppofed to new. 

ANCIENT Tnmre » that, whereby all 
Ifae WfHis bekii^hig to the crown, in St. J?<ir. 
WHTitf I, or JP^f JKm the Gon^eror*s daya, did 
hoM. Tbe iTOinher and pamep of which 
•VMKt, at all others belonging to conamoa 
fokm, ^ caoiod to he wiitten in a book, 
alter a krvey aaaiie of them, now reillainiRg 
ia t^ Exchtfmer, and called Doom (day-book $ 
and fock as by that book appeared to have 
jbcioofed to th(fe crown at that tiane, are cal- 
feo sncTtnt i^ta einoa» 

2. OU, that has been of long duration. 3. 

AMCIENT (£rom 4*acf«»r)tfaole that lived 
in old tioK, were called awatnn, oppolcd to 

ANCIENT, the flag or ftreamer of a 
lap, and, ^crmit&f, of 'a regiment. 

ANCIENT, the bearer of a flag, as wat, 
Jbeu^ i'*/9li wfaenee in prefent nfe, an 

ANCIENTLY (firom meiine) in old tt|nea. 

AMCIENTNESS (lirom ancient) ^oti^uity, 
QKttBa tfom old time^* 

^NCIEN^RY (firom ancient) the honour 
if amcient liaeage ; tbe dignity of birth. 

ANDROM'EDA {4/hmomy) a noithem 
rnnjilliiinn^ confifttng of 27 ftart. 

ANMLOrOMY (of iw>^ gen. rf.*^5», 
aod Ttfgi a diire£tion» Cr.y an anatumical 
dUMtoft of haman bodiei. 

ANECa)QTE, ft katt hiftory, fiich as 
ca die ieovt aifidrs of kings aftd prbces 3 
^iBg aritft too mock freedom or too 
I fiaoBiityy of the manner and coodtt^ 
tf pcsftaa m aothority. 

AMECDOTON J (#Vii|»tw, Or.) a 

ANEKfOOTON { thiagootpreniorth, 
p'odacod or made pubuck. 

AMlMOCMltAPHY (of 'Aft/MCrthewiod, 
tad yyafw, Gr. a def^ription) a treati£p or 
pUoil^Mcal defctiptioo cdT the winds. 

ANEMO^M ETER (of JtnfM^, the wind, 
lad MgTfmp Cr. mcaforc) an inftroment or 
mKftioe hr mea&rii^g theftyength of the 

ANEM'ONE {dftfA^^n, the eaony «r 


AmyjLlSM^of^^^, to dilate, Cr.) 
a (^retching of borfting of ^ arteries^ fo that 
th'ey beat ' and' fweB continually, till they 
fometimcs become as largk as an egg { the 
TwelllAg yielris if it be |»reffed with the finger> 
but <}uickly recoils. 

ANQEJppJlAP^y (of rf;^ii,,aTeflcl, 
Md ^foffit a defcrfj^ticiij Cr.)adefcriptioh'of 
the veilels in the fmmab body, r. e. t)te 
nerves, veins, arteries' and lymphjOiejcs. 

A'NGCL SHOT, chain (hot, being a caf»* 
oon buNat cut in two, and the halves bdpg 
jqiaed together l^ a ch^in. 

ANOeL'ICA {Botany) ^n herb. 

AriOtLtCAhH^SS {Of anidfue, F.M- 
gff*<i'*fU) the being aogalkai/ angelical dl^- 
ture, ^e, 

ANGER (9 word of no certain etymology, 
bi|t with moft proba)>ility, deriVed by Skuiner 
from anje, Atf*. vexed, which, however, 
f^ipsto come originally from the Latin wo.) 
I. jln^er is uneafinefs or diftomppftfre of^he 
mind, upon the receipt of ahy ii^nry, widl 
a prefent purpofe of revenge., ^ir. 

ANGER is, according t6 ^cmc, a tranfient 
hatred, or at leaft yery like it. Svntb, 2. 
Fain or fmart of a fore or fwelUng | in thia 
fenfe It fecms plainly dedocibid ficjom anger. 

To ANGER (from the iioijn) to make 
angiy, to provoke,' to enrage* 

ANGEl^LV (from angt,^) ia dH angi^ 
manner, like one ofl^nded. -^ 

y^NGlGL0S'3I (of <f^X»'r aod yikti<r^a^ 
the tpAgue, Or.) |)erfons who flAnmer in 
their fpee^fa and tongue, efpgdaliy iiulL as 
with great difficulty jironounce the letters, 
K,LaiidK. ■ ' ^ 



fych otent? as have one feed A^P^idg to 
one fi^ple flower, L. ' " " ' 

An ^NGL^ (anfuht, L.) a corner, aUo 
a rod with a line and hook fbr-lifliing. 

ANGLE (in Gemetri) a fpacfe ooilipre* 
hended between the meeting of two llnca, 
which is either greater or Icfs^ as thofa lines 
incline tovrarda grne another, pr Jland fitfther 
diftant afunder ^ thefe angles pre either plaiA 
or rphericai. '^ 

Apimn ANGLE (in Gevm^i^) isHhe .d^« 
tance or bpeniog of two lines 
that toodi otte another ; 
the fame plane, but 
net to make one fiiaif^ 
line, and the lines that forj 
it are called legs, as in the 
figure above ; or it is a fpace 
bounded by the meeting of 
two lines whic)i cut one aoo. 
iher op a .plape» as in the 
figurcy and are ei^er right 
iintd, enruitinear^ or Mixra, ^ ^rft of^hkh 
are the angles above* * 

"E . Digitized by V. *>%^^} 

in GVMii^iry) is^e au- 
'o lines - aJ ^ 
her ia ' ^f\ ' 
UU / \ 

tform / \' 

;m »k« n .J 

A N 

angle, is mide fcy the 
interfefiioo or motu&l cut- 
ting one inother o( two 
crooked Unef, u in the fi- 

Mixt ANGLB {Gt^me- 
try) is made by the meet- 
ing of a right line with a 
crooked or curved iti.e,- at 
in the figure. 

A Sfbericat ANGLE, 
(Cetr.ttry) is an angle nnade 
b}' the meeting of two angiei 
ot' great circles, whkh in- 
tercept or mutually ctit one 
another on the lurface of 
the globe or fphcre, as the 
figure ABC. 
ANGLES, whether plain or fphcrjcal, 
nay be confidered as right, acute and obtufe. 
A Right A^GLE {Geometry) 
it an angle made by a line fal- 
ling perpendicu ' arly on a nothcr, 
or that which fubtends an arch 
of 90 degrees, or a fourth part 
of a circle, as hi the figuit j 
all circles being commonly di- 
tided into t6o parts, calfd degrees. 

An Acute ANGLE (Geo- 
metry) is an angle that is left 
than a right angle, 01 than 
90 degrees, as in the figure, 
and is fo csil^ed, becaufe the 
angular point is Oiarp. 
^ ^ An Obtufe ANCLE {jGec- 

nutry) is one which has its 
^^\ angular point blunt or broad, 
■ ■•*^..i and is greater thau a right 
«ne, ict angular point confifting 0/ more than 
00 degr^^s, as in the figure A, which is fo 
much snore than 90 degrees, as B is lels than 
.90, both together making a femi-rirclc or 

280 degrees. 

— . Ri'ibt AlsCtED Trungle, 
is oi:e whUh has one right 
angle, as the angle A in the 
figure, the other two B and 
C being both acute, and both togctlicr but 

cilifue ^ANGL£, is a name ufed in com- 
mon to both acute and obtufe angles. 

ANGLES^ have alfo fevcial ciher names 
according to their different pofuions, their 
relations to the refpedive figures they are in, 
a^d the lines that Nra. them, 'as 

.Ad<^'« I ANGLES, 
tmtiguoui i 

[G^uiatry)\>h}.^yi have one 
1^^ common tobothaaglcs, 
and boih taken togeihcr a^e 
c(|aal to ivio ri^ht une^ as 
in the figure Jlhe angles 

A N 

contiguous angles. 

{Geometry) are fuch as are 

made by two right lines crof- 

fing each other, and which 

only touch in the angular 

point ; they are called vertical on account of 

their being oppofed ad verfnem, or at the top, 

at the angles A and B are vertical or oppofite 

angles, as likewife C and D. 

gle C to the fide B, and Q 

the angle B to the fide AC, as la the figpie. 

(fc(k to the external ones, 

A and B, to which ihey are refpe^vely equal 

at in the figure. 

Alternate ANGLES (Geometri) are the 
angles £ and D, and F and C, wnich are re- 
fpe^tively equal to one another. 

External ANGLES {Geometry) are the 
angles of any tight-iined figure without it, 
when all the fides are feveially produced and 
lengthered | and all being taken together^ are 
equal to four right angles. » 

Internal ANGLES {Geometry) are all anr 
gles made by the fides of any right lined figure 

ANGLE, at the centre 
of a ch-clr, is an angle 
whofe vertex b at the 
center of the circle, and 
whofe legs are two Ra' 
dii of a circle, at in the 

An ANGLE ia tbe^Seg- 
ment of a circle, is that 
which is concluded be- 
tween two chords that fiow 
Tom the fame point in 
the periphery, as in the 

A Solid ANGLE {Cemetry) is contained, 
under more than two planes 01 plain angles, 
not beij^ in the fame phce and meeting in a 

Zqualfclid ANGLES {Gemetry) are fuch 
as aic coiitainvsi under plain angles, equal feotla 
in multitude and iitagnirudc. 

ANGLE of CofttaS {Geometry) is that 
which a circle or other cuivc makes wtUl 
a tangent at the point of contad. 

Jlcrmd ANGLE {Geometry an ang'e madtt 
by a right line, cither a tangent or a fccant^ 

^ JtltiBL 

Peri' \ 

A N 

with t&£ periphery of a circle. 

Homologous . ANGLES, 
\fitomttrj) are fuch as 
•re in two figum, and 
rcuin the oi^jcr from 
the firft io both fii^urei, 
as OX. 

ANGLE at the Peri 



wumt [Gtomttry) is cotnpre- 

bendei between the two 

chords A B and B D, and 

Jbinds on the arch A B. . 

Q^i^ ANGLE {Gi9m£try) the inner angle 

wkach » aside by t«o convex /pherical lines 

esKericairig each other. 

fiitaid ANGLE (Geometry) an aogle in 
the ftape jv Agave of an hatchet. 

^ifirUt ANGLE {Gi$metry) an angle in 
&m of 4 Sifirum. 

A9GLES (la ^iM/offi^) are onderilood cf 
the corar^ of the eye or Cawlti, where the 
apper C7e-Ild meets with the under. 

ANGLE cf a ffa/i {j1rcbiu^urt\ is the 
paiflt OT coner, where the two (aces or fides 
•fa wall meet. 

ANGLES {Jfirob^y) certain hoofes of a 
icheae of the hearens, the firft hoafe or 
hantiDOpe if called the angle o( the Baft, the 
irvcath the angle of the Weji, the fourth 
Inofe the ai«|e af the Nortb^ the tenth 
homfe the aqgle irf the South. 

ANGU of Latitude (Afirtmmy) h the 
angle which die circle of a ftar*s longitude 
aakei #ith the meridian at the pole of the 

KHGIS. •/ tlangaiien {^fironomy) is the 
&zi*t%oc between the true place o^ the fun, 
afl4 the fen^eM/ick place of the planet. 

ANGLE of CmmutatioH {Afrvnomy^ it 
the dJTcreAC^ between che true place ot the 
iaa, feen from the earth, and the place of 
a pbiwt reduced to the ecliptic k. 

AXCIX of incidence (in Dioptricki) is an 
••gle made by an incidentary with a lens or 
•ibcr refra^'og furface. 

ANGLE of the Ort^fsferenct (in Firtifi' 
C0h9m) m the next angle made by the arch, 
whah ia drawn from one gorge to the other. 

AN^LE oftheCmrtain in (in Fortification) 
tfthcacgia of the^nk BAE is formed by cr 
tnra'nnd between toe coartain and the flank 
k la^ piece of fbrci^caiion. 

prmtm/ttd ANCLE (in Fortification) is 
the •ng^ BCf, whtfh is formed by the 
aeetuig of thebocermoft fides of the poly- 
f03, aod the Hec of the battion. 

ANGLE of or at the Center (in Fortifica- 
f«>^ is the aogK GJ^T, whit h is iwrmed by 
the concarreflce of two ftrait lines drawn from 
the ai^et of the figure F C. 

ANGLE of the exterior Figure (In Fortim 
fcttim) it the f4mr at the angle of the poly. 
fBB^ and is the angle FCN, fotm*d at the 

A N 

point of the haftion C, by the.ipcetjog of the 
two outcrmoft fidet or bafes of the j^olygon 

ANGLE of the intt>ior' Fif^ttre (in Forti- 
ficatien) is the a-»glcCHM, ^hfch is fornoed 
in H the centre oH the bafHon by th^ meet- 
ing of the inneimeft iidei of the figure CHf 
and H M. 

ANGLE Flanking (in Fertdfifafiou) it the. 
angle which is made by the two ra£i^ (ii)ts% 
of defence, i/ix, the two facet of the baftion 

AH^GVE. flanriH^ uftetffirJt { Fortification) 
is the ang'e.GLH forised by the^nking 
line and the courtaio.^ -{ ' ^'*' 

FijnM A^O££ (in Fortification) it the 
angle BCS, which it made by the two fiicet 
BC, C$9 and it the utjnoft part of the lufr 
ticA, mofl expoied to the enemy''t bstteHet, ^ 
and is therefore called by fume tJI?e cugit of 
the hofiiou, or the ft^int of the bafiion^ 

ANGLE hnting the fiani {Fortification} 
is that which confifis of* one fiank and one 
Demi'gnrgc ; or it it compoied by the fiasfe 
and that fide of the po'ygon, running from the 
fiank to the angle of the polygon^ and were i^ 
extended would O^fs the baftion. 

ANGLE i •/ '^' ^^^^ \ (F"'?/?""*:) 
ANGi.c j ^j thefijoulder $ U the angle 

ABC, which is rormed by the lines of th« 

face BC and. the flank AB. 

ANGLE of E.evaticn in hfrehanieks) a* 
angle comprehended between the line of a' 
projc£lilcj and a horisontal line. 

ANGLE ofDnecHon {Mcchanick$)^ii angle, 
comprchei ded between the lifSBtjof'diieAion 
of two coDrpirirg. forces. 

ANGLlg of Incidence [Mechaniclt) an an», 
g^e mtdc by the line of dire£lioo<rf an im>« 
pinging body in the point 'of contact* 

AWmViof .Refieaion {Afechatich) an an*. 
gle made by the line of direQica of • rc«, 
He^d t)pdy» in- -t^c point cf cpnraft frcm 
which it rebounds. 

Front ANGLES ( i^ilitay Affain) the twp 
lail men of tlv; front rank. 

Rear ANGLES {MtUtary Affain) the two. 
laft men of tbk rear fank* - • 

ANGLE of the Eafi (in Navi^tion) sa 
tb«t p!9ii|t bfthe compaft that the (hip (kilt 

E % 

. Digitized by 



A N 

Optick ANGiLt, is thtt which it c«nuin- 
ei at inUutied fietween two rays drawn lirom 
the extreme poinu of an objcd to the center of 
the pupil. 

ANGLE 9/ JnctinaiiM [Optich) ic the 
tngle made by a say of incidence, and the 

A^GLE. <!f tUfteakn (in Oftieki) b an 
angic forjrtlid by c£e ftffeded >ay. At tHe point 
of -f^iOkm^ viiS tlie other pait of the 
t^nfchOinc.' .. 

AUGb^fi^kafltd ^n OptUkt) >t in angle 
between the «(frai£icd^ ray aqd' the- perpen- 
dicular. ^ . '^-' ^ 

ANGLE •/ Rtfiifi/9^{0ftUks) » an an-, 
g!e made by the ray'^ iticidence, extended 
throo|h another mcdrom (as out of tlie air in* 
to the vi'ttcf^ ani the r»y of rcfraftioh. 

^/^'* AMni tf J C^** C>/m*s) is an angle 

y^di '^"^*'* '% inchidbd between two 
ib^9^ 4<±attk from the t#o tttrirme {>oihti in 
an object to the center of the pupil, as ABC, 
«&ctl jS c(^itf«hended betwee/i the rays AB 

ANdLtflfl Sci^ifbft \. e. DUm^) ah 
ang)« th'it Is tftide Sy tlW ftrait line, proccfcd- 
liigfroin the fun to the dial p'an^. 

AN'OLEk (of itoJeJ, AV*.) One who 
iSiti with nn an^!e, 

ANOUyOENOUiS {inprizenuii L.) in- 
geftdieitd oV bet(otten of ferpentt. 

ANOUIN'EAL (niipBwiri, L.) pertain- 
iiig totif •eeli 

ANOUIN'EAL jr^rbtldy an hyperbola 
df aheei-Jille (gure> which cuts iu aifymp- 
fote wkK contrary ile>ck>R», ind is produced 
^h -^ay* into-concrary fegs. 

AN'GULARNBSS {oi anffilttre^ F. ««* 
gltd/it, L.'} having hornets. 

AN<GULAR Miiin (MeehaniAt) « com- 

emnd (brt of motion, wherein the movea- 
e b6th nt^* Md revolvfct at the fame time. 
' ANGULAR' JlfMi^ff (With A/ntMmers is 
the increase of the diftaitce cfany %yVo planet*, 
svvolvin^ rouniahy body, at the common 
ctlltcr of motion. 

ANGULOSMTY fwiih fhiioffbetn) the 
quiiity of that which faaiitvenil or many 

' AN^V8T1*1SS (of higufyt^ L.) iiar- 
townefs, ftraitncft, 

ANdOet'ITY (tof hiffii^h hA ftrait- 
Bcfi or nnm wnefs of plate ; ilfd ftriitneft of 
4ii«a m^a rices ,,porvcrty, C^r. 

ANHALTI NA {vMh PbyjUioM) lAcdl- 
dna that rcfpiratioik 

ANHELATYONi apantlhgy a4iAcutty 
of breathing | ftortnefs of breath. 

A N 

ANHEl.O'Sft {aUbclcfot, 1.) fttchioit 
breath quick and fliort ; puffing and blowing. 
AN'IL, the plant from whick Imdigt if 

ANi'LENESS {akintMS, U) the beinga 
very o!d Woman. 

ANIMA, the breath; alfojthe principle of 
life id the ratiomi, feiifieivg or ^ftgetatiw 
fcul, L. 

AKIMA Rfumii\ tilled by flatd ^W 
Ttf NoV/A,/, the fcul of the woild or ol t% 
uni^rle, with NatMraHJh) it a (Certain poin^, 
ethereal fUbftince or fp^rit, which is diBafed 
tbroU|rh thi mafs of thfe world, which in- 
ibims, a£l\iates and unites the diten parts o^ it 
into on^ great; peHbA, brganka! br titil 

Tfie niodcrn P7ato*tJh et^lalH Ac «rA»4 
m^fiiii to be a c'crtain ethereal, univeria] fpi;it ; 
^hich rttiflk perfcfUy ^nre in the heavens, 
but pervadinj^ elementary bodSet on eirtM, iira 
iifitimateW mixing with all the mbii/re itoms 
of it, afiomcs fomewhat of their natiirei add 
thence of a peculiar kird. 

Some a^%in xleAnett to Be a certain i^tiiftck 
virtue or vivifick hear, ihfVifcd Ir ko the chircS 
ai:d diiTeminated through the whole frame of 
it, (lt the coniervaiion, nutritidn and viviiica- 
tion of it. 

AN'IMA^LENESS (df krlikabm, L.) 
the having lift. 

ANIMADVER/SlVENEiS (of animui 
and aS'uerterty L.) the a nimadverlive faculty. 

AM'IMAL, u t, a living crtatitre; ft by 
feme defined to be a being, which bended tlie 
pdWer of growing, inc'ieatiVtg and ptbdoclng 
its like (which vt gctables al/b hpve) is fur- 
ther endowed witii fenjiation and fpoilQineottS 
motion. ^ 

ANIMAL (tf««tf//r, L.) k. Thatwl^ith 
6e!o^s or relates to aniwfalu 2. J^mdl 
functions, diftingoiihedfrcm natural and vital, 
in the lov^cr powers of the mind, as, the 
the w>i!» • memory, and imigioatlca. 3* ^' 
Mikial life it oppofcd, on oiifc nde^ t» Mdke- 
tuulf ir.d on the other, to vWjABt. 4. 
Animal h ufed in oppdfitiOK i^ffinttial Of 
r'jthnnfi ?s the animat natv^e. 

ANIMALtirLE {anima/cuhiK t. ) * 
fnnail atunral'y partkahr!y thotc tl^t^are lA 
their firfl and fmall (late. 

ANTMALfTY (from akikaf) The ftatetff 

To ANllCl ATE rif*iV«, L.) To^uicktnj 
to make alive ; to ^ve life to j as, the foul 
aniinaies the bcdy ; man muil have been 
animated by a higher power, a. To gi^e^ 
powers to $ to heighten the powers or eflTett of 
an'v ihihg. 3. To ehcourajge ; to irtcite. 

ANIMATE ^from tovrntHMt) alive j pof- 
fiflR.'^^ arihnal Kfb. 

ANIMATED (from animate) BVclyj 

ANIMaTENESS (from «iVjw) The 
fbte of being amtnattd. ^, i 



Al^ . 

' MIMATlOlt (iiroai timiiaft) tht tft 
tf ttlaatiJlg or cmlvtiiing. i. Tbfe flate 
<£ bens enlivened. 

ANIMATiVV (fr^xh unuitMi) that 
•had ku tl^e^|»6iicf dr pvliit UTii ; bt Ini- 

ANiliflATOR (trerii din'ktate) Aizx. ^h\ch 
§pn» Bfe; ibK whkh istipiami a prh^tiple oF 

AHIMOSlL {aiSmfigi^ U) ftU i>f fpMt; 
Im{ vehement. 

ilKIItfKBHBSS rfiroiii ^W/f) fpirit; 
tet$ vedeMcBcc of *rekB{cr. 

ANIMOSITY (froth a/umoJUar, t.) ve- 
Imace ^ lutfcd } oafliuhatfe ^aligi^jty. 
h itf^ rMiier tfafe tfpoGtlon to break oat 
ino ovtrases^ tban the ootfiage i^felF. 

AKJOtm'^fltf ^AST (Z-iito tfrift) a 
Mbim vbdi a iDah has committed /f/fy 
M^ wAfAmy^ and has lands held of Ibme 
canaaa perfon, which fliall be ieized for 
%lEii|, and revah) in his fiands a year and a 
^, Bctt alter the attain^r, aAd then the 
btolM bfc paflcd ikp, thft hoofite rued ind 
fdTd dttvn* and the paiKsrt and meadows 
pbei^ «p ; except he^ to whom the lands 
Ikoaldceue bv ekheat teforfbitursi redeem it 

ANISCALPTDR, u #. the Arje^ S 

(<iftM9) a mofde called 9K6 latiffinius Airfi^ 
6wi o Jatj^efty p. d, the broadeft of the 
hark : a pah- oi mofcles, fo called £i«m that 
afiHM that is performed \xj the help of it> it 
feviaf to draw the arm backwards and 

AliVALSy biltoiSeddrchrdtticlesofthhib 
teae, from vear to year, L,. 

fa ANIIeX (ai»A?ifiPb> amuanm. !• «a- 
aver, F.) I. To uiitc to at the end \ as, he 
Mirtewd a cddkil to his will. 2. ^Ib oiihe^ 
«, a finailcT thia^ to a greater ; af, he ah- 
aoffi a province to his ki^on^. ), t'o 
atfo J p«/firrfcrr ; anneicio^ always J»re*fi^p- 
pofio; femething ; thas, we may \zy, pu- 
t if ^imejdid to gmlt j b«tt riotguih to 

AKXEX (from \o ahttex) t*&e t&ing an- 

^ ANKEXATION (from m^ttx) \. Con- 
inlhflD $ addition* «. Union ^ d>alition $ 

^infEJClOTI (from tfini«*) the att of 
SmKxmr^ addition. 

AKNIUCMENT (from 4rmM) r. The art 
af gamtxing, a." The thing anhektd. 

AHNOPSANCE (in />w) mifimcC;, a 
bait or offence other to a publick place, as a 
k^ way, bri#gb dr cefcnmon river, or to a 

Ce one, by laying any thing that may 
iafcdioii: byencroachsogor theUke. 
ASTNOISANCE, the name of a will 
hW HJK ^ 9B chistranfgreflton. 

AmtVAL P«i^ (u« ^1») a writ by 
^4ich Ac kio^, having an ajunal penfioA 

A N 

dde td Vvik iTroM in ab5ot or j^ridr Ibr iny ef 
his chai^hi» ufed to demand it, &e. 

AN'NUAL Bjuati'M (^^rdM^ry) is thfe 
Ration cf the mean motion of the fan and 
mooh, and 6f the apogee and nodes. 

ANOVUALs («|fith BctMitii^ plants that 
ire to ha rsdfed year by ^eat j men as diein thb 

AWNt^lTf (ofantfMs, L. yearly) a year- 
ly, income dr rent that is to be paid for term of 
^l iA annuity ii diftelrent' ftotn a rent Only 
in thisj that the fbt-mer only charges the gran- 
ttr 6t his hfeirs, whereas i rent is piyahk out 
oflahd. • 

Dr. HtifHy^ hi hi^ ob(erVitions ^ the Bref^ 
law bills of mortality, fiiews thit It li 80 to 
z i i^ierfbn df it yeixb orage does not die in h 
year j that it is 5 and a haK to one that k 
man of 40 Hvei 7 y^ats 5 and that onfe of 30 
may reafonab^ expe^ to live 27 or 2S years 5 
So great a dif^ercnc^ there is between the Uk 
of min at different ages ; that it is roo to z 
if one of id lives dut a year j and hot %t to 
to I , that one of 50 does fd. 

WhkA iind from fbihe other oblfcrvitlons hie 
hU conflhi^Cted thi following tables, diewin|; 
the value dfanhditiesftomfeveiy 5th year of 
Kfe to the 70th. 

Age / Y. t^u 




Jo« 28 
13, 40 
I3» 44 

'" ]l 





v. Kr. 

AN'NtJLAR (annularis, L.) pefcaioing tt , 
a ring. 

ANNULAR Ligament {AnaUmf) a flron^ 
ligament encbmpalSng the Catfut or wrij^ 
fttt'erthe manner of a bracelet. 

ANDrSANCE ) (of nuifance, t,) any 

NOrSAfvTCE V injury, damage or hurt 

NU'SAKCE \ don.c,to a publick plac^ 
bridge, highway, ^c. or po a private one by 
encroachment, by laying i» it any thing that 
may breed infe^lion, 6^c, 

ANOMALIS'TICAL rear {AJironcw^) 
h the fpate of time whesttd the earth pallo 
through her orbit. 

ANT)MAt7 (in Afir^omy) the diibnct 
of a planet from the A^belitn or A^g*e \ or 
an irfegujtan'ty in the motion of a planet,^ 
whereby it deviates from the Af>heiion or 

ANoKf ALV' tf/*0 Plamt mean «r e^nal (in 
the iVirw Aflrontmy) is the Ana, whieh is 
contained ucdcf a certain line drawn from the 
fun tb tne planet. 

M^an Mom AtY of, tht Syn cr Planet 
(with Aftroromers) !& anarch of the ecl!ptick» 
bctw^ieA ch'e mean place of itj and its apogee* 

^ In 

A N 

In .the mtdtm Aflronomy it tf the time where- 
in the plaoet moves from the j^bdi^n to the 
jBcan place or point of its orbit. 

The true ANOMALY of the center [Afir^ 
)>Mry) kn arch of the zodiack, bounded by the 
trne motion ^ the center % in the ntw AJknt- 
saviyit is an arch oC tb^ eccentrick circle, in- 
clodcd between the Aphelion and a right line, 
drawn through the center of the planet per- 
pendicular to the line of the Apfida, 

ANOMALY of the Eccentrick {Nevf Af- 
trcnomy) an ar£h*of the eccentrick circle in- 
cljidcd between the ApheHon, and a right 
line drawn thro* the center of the planet per- 
]pen4icn)ar to. the line of the ApJUet, 

TruM or tfuated ANOMALY lAftronomy) 
is the angle at the fun >irhich a p1anet*s dif- 
tance from the Apbeltum appears under i ox it 
» the angle «t thie Are^ taken porportboal to 
the time in which the planet moves from the 
jDcan pbce to its Aphelion, 

To A^vSWER (the etymology is uncer- 
t»in) ,^« ,To fpeak in return to a qucftion. 
2. To fpeak in oppofition. 3. To be ac- 
countable for. 4. To vindicate, to give a 
fattsfa£loty account of. 5. To give an ac- 
count. 6. To correfpond to, to fuit witbt 
7. To be equivalent to ; to fiaod for fome- 
thing elfe. 8. To fatisfy any claim or peti- 
tir», 9( To «A reciprocally upon. 10. To 
iUnd as opposite, or correlative to fomething 
ilfe. 11. To bear proportion to. 12. To 
perform what is endeavoured or intended l^y 
the agent. 13. To compV with. 14. To 
lucceed,' to produce the wiihed event, i q. To 
appear to any call, or authoritative fummons. 
1 6. Tobeover-asainft any thing. 

AN»WEll (from to anjkver) i. That 
^hicl) U r%id«.jRhether iii Speech or writing, 
in return to a^ueilfon, 6r pofition. 2. In 
Iciw, a conAititUain of a charge exhibited a- 
gyinft a perfon. 

ANSWERABLE (from anfioer^ 1. Th^t 
I© whi'ch a Reply may be made ; tiiat which 
may be anfwered ; as, the argument, though 
fobtle, \tytt anfwentbl'. 2. Obliged to give 
sn account, or ftand the trial of an accufa- 
tion. 3. Correfpondenr, 4. Pit>portionate. 
5. Suitable ; fulced. 6. Equal. ^. Relative ; 

ANSWERABLY (fiom cnfwerable) in 
4nt proportion ; with proper correfpondcnce j 

ANSWERABLtNESS {itom anjwerable) 
the quality of being anifwerable. 

ANSWERER (from 'anftver) 1. He that 
anAirers ; he that fpeaks in return to what 
another has fpokeh. 2. He that manages 
the controverfy againil one that ha» written 

ANTAC'ONIST 7 (with Anatomipt 

ANTAGONIS'TA J a mufcle that has 
trs oppofitc (Ituation to another or a contrary 
finfVion, as the AbduBor of the Cubitus, 
which ferves to pull the arm back^ and the 
A^dttffcir that ftrctchra ftuut. 

A N 

• ANTANACXASIS (itlmnXKrif, of^M 
•nd intnXam, to ftrike back, again, Gr.) a 
refie£ling or bearing back. 

ANTAPOa)OSlS («v7«we?#Tif, of •',!? 
againft) aVe from, and iChtfu, Gr. Xfi give a 
returning or paying on the other (ide,or by turna. 

ANTA'RES (with jt/nmmet^) tht fcor- 
pion's heart, a £xt Aar of the fiift magnitude 
m . the conftellation Scorpio, in longitude 4$ 
d^eet 13 ffliiiiite!>9 latitude 4 deg. 27 mm. 

ANTARTBRIT'ICKS (of «\7Und aj^^i- 
TuisCf Gr.) remedies good againfl the gout. 

ANTASTHMAT'ICKS(ot«\7: andii«ju«- 
Tuuc, Cr.) remedies againft the phthiiick or 
ihortne6 of breath. 

ANTECE'DENCE (antecedau, L.) a go. 
ing before, L. 

ANT'ECE'DBNT Decree, a decree pre- 
ceeding J(bme other decree, or fome action 
of the creature, or the provifion of that 

ANTECEDENTS of the Rstio (wUk Afit. 
thentatieiani) is the fiift term of comparifon 
in a proportion, or that which is compared to 
ancther. Thus if the ratio or proporticn 
were of B to C, cr iS to 16, B or 8 is the 
antecedent, and C or 16 the confequcnt, 

ANTECEDEN'TIA (Aflrontmy) when a 
planet appears to move weftward .contrary, to 
the order or courfe of the figns, it is £iid ta 
move in Amecedentia. 

AN'TECH AMBER 7 oi ante cemir$ ^ L.. 

ANTICHAMBER \ an outer cham- 
ber of an apartment, where fervaots wait»' 
and flrargers ftjy, till the perfon is at leifure 
to whom they would fpeak. 

ANTEMUNDANE (of ante and ntund«^ 
ffvs, L.) before the beginning or creation of 
the world. 

ANTE'RIOtJR, fomething be£&re another, 
cfpecially in refpe£l of place. 

ANTHELMIN'THICKS (of . ^,32 and 
iX/btud^, Gr. a worm> medidnes which 
deftroy worms in human bodies. 

AN'T HEM {anthemn, Ital. f . of ii%ufAi^, 
Gr. a church fong, pei formed in a cathedra), 
■&c. by the cborifters, divided into two 
choruses, who fing alternately. 

St. AN'THON Y'^ Fire, See EryfipeUu 


(of a>6^f, a cole, ^rov, fulphur, «Xf, fait. 

and, nTfar, nitre, Qt^\ all the ingredients of 


ANTHQPOQ'RvAPHY (of -AtfleaHB^, a 
man,and >f a^» Gr . defcriptioo) a phy fiological 
difcourfe or trcatife of all the component parts 
of a human body. 

ANTHROPO'LOG Y (in Theology) a way 
of fpeaking of God after the manner of 
men, by attributing to him hnman puts, as 
hands, ey^ ^e, 

ANTH^dPO'PHAGY, the aa of eating; 
man\<t or hiiman r*e{h. 

ANTHYPNOriCS (of «%T. and vwi^,: 
Gr. Ileep) medicines ihu prevent ihxp. 

. . ANTHY., 

A N 

nmjpai^ Gf .) medicines good againft dif- 
ciJb of ci>e hy^pochoo Jria. 

ANTTCH AMBER. Sec Antechamber, 

AimCflRE'SIS (in the Ch,il Lmtv) a 
ccvcQaM f^ ccnvencion between the debtor 
aW the cieditor, «s to a lone of money upon 
a aacftsaee or pawn* 

A>«TJCHRIST fA>7«xfi«^, of .^t, a- 
0Baf, vd X(«c^ Cbrifij Gr.) a name which 
Sc/A/pves, by way of eminence, to the 
■us flf in and ion of perdition, who, as U pro- 
jMei in the facred icripturesj ihail appear 
miarfcaUy in op^fition to ChrifUanity at the 
hocx end of the world. 

ANTICHRISTlANiry 7 oppofite- 

dK da&xiae of Chxilly or the princlp'es, &c, 
cf duiftiaaa. 

ANTICHTHOOTS, thofe pwple which 
inhakBt oonncries oppofite toeach other ; now 
the CuBC as Auttp9<iet. 

To ANTICIPATE (autkipo^ L.) i. To 
taibe lomctluag fooner than another, fo as 
to pgcvent him that comes after. 2. To 
toke ttp he&ce the time, at which any thing 
might be Rfiihtly had. 3. To fofe-tafte, or 
take vik impfefion of fometfaing which is not 
yet, as if it reaUy was. 4. To prevent any 
tfciBg by citwding in before it \ fi preclude. 

ANTICIPATION (from anticipste) i. 
The aft of uking up fomtthing beforp its 
lime. s. Fote-tafte. 3. Opinion implanted 
bcfe«e the tcaf^^na of that opinloa can be 

ANTICOR (from and, againft, and ter, 
the bean.) A preternatural fweUxng of a 
mnd ligore, oc^afioaed by a f«nguine and 
ki5D«i homor, and appearing in a horfe^s 
bfni^ oppT'fite 10 his hea. 1 3 which may kill 
bis, unlelE brought to a fuppuradon, by good 

)i«B^V*, Or. to diflfer) thoie who aK oppofite 
to the diaphorifts. 

K7ti?<f«K, Of.) medicines that are efllicacious 
a^BSJt the dyientery or bloody ilux. 

A.^TILEGO'M^NA (MJ^tyif^iva, Gr.) 

ANTILOE'MICA (of a\T2 and Koif^k, 
Gc. the pcftilen«.Y) medicines againft the 

AKTlLOPE, a mungrel creature, cn- 
frndocd by a hart and a gcat. 

AKTIMETAi^'TASlS (of dtlt and 
§aUs*fi(, Gr.) a muutiori) a 
tr (hinging to the contrary part. 

^"^ f^^HX.'^'^f Gr.) the being againft govem- 
Bcoc in a fingle perfon. 

AKTJMCNlAtS, prepiratieni of anti- 
fMOf, or fuch roeJidnes wherein antimony 
b the bafis or prin^pa! ingredient. 

ANTIMONY is a mineral fubftall^e, of 
B ncDliiae Bxntc, having^ the ieeming 

A N 

ehar^^lers of a real metal, except ipalleabilify ; 
and may be called a femi-metal, being a fofiile 
glebe of fome undetermined metal, combinef 
with a fulphurous and deny fubAance. Mlnea 
of all metals afford it j but chiefly thuie of 
filver and lead ; tlutin gold mines is reckoned 
beft. It has its own mines in Hungary , Ger"' 
many, and Franc*, It is found in clods or 
ftoncs, of feveral ficcs, bearing a near re- 
femblance to black lead, only lighter and 
harder. Its texture is Kill o little /hmhig 
veins or threads, like needles ; brittle as' 
glafs. Sometimes veins of a red or golden 
colour 'are intermixed, which is called mafe 
antirmr^ ; that without them being denom!> 
ntXvA/tmale antimony. It ftifes in the fire, 
though with fome difficulty; and diflblves 
more eafily in water. When dog out of the 
earth, it is put into large crucibles, fufed by 
a vi lent fire, and then poured into cones, 
which make the crude antimony of the fbcps. 
Of thefc cones the top is the pureft part, and 
the bafe the foulefl. It deibvys and dilutes 
all metals fufcd with it, except gold ;^ and i« 
therefore ufeful in refining. It is a common 
Ingredient in fpecu'ums, or burning concaves, 
krvint to give them a fintt polifb. It makes 
a part in bell-metal, and renders 'the'f5uad 
niore cle^r. It is mingled with tin, to make 
it more hard, white, and found ; and with 
lead, in the calling of printers letters, to ren- 
der them more fmooth and firm. It is a g^- 
ral help in the melting cf metals, andefpecial- 
in calling cannon balls. In pharmacy it is 
u.ed under various forms, and with tiarious 
intentions, chiefly as an emetkk. 

ANTIMONY xv >A^ -4- 
{Cbym,miun)U < \<^\/^ 
exprefTcd by one \^ XX ( J 
of thefc charac- ^*-^ 


C»i!«r 0/ ANTIMONY 7 isawhftepow- 
Orx/p©/" ANTIMONY 5 der produced of 
the rcgulus, diAilled with fplrits of nitr^ in a 
fand furnace. 

CinnaUr of ANTIMONY, is prepared of 
a mixture of fulphar, mercury and antimo* 
ry, fublimed in a luted belt head, and a nak* 
ed fire. 

Crtcut 0/ ANTIMONY 1 See Cnan Me^ 
J.iver of ANTIMONY J taUoruv., 
Butter of ANTIMONY, a white gum- 
mous liquor, prepared either of crude, or re- 
golus oi antimony, and corrofive, fublimate, 
pujveriied, mixt and diftiicd by 4 gentle 

GofJen frlphur r/ ANTIMONY 7 -is prc- 

/»r«-/>irtf/tfc/: ANTIMONY J pared 

from the fima arifing in preparing the re- 

guhts, by loilijig, filtration, and add^ilg d.f- 

tilled vinegar. 

Aftf^//<'/>«/ ANTIMONY, isaycllov.iih 
powder prepared from crude anticicny, di- 
gcficd in a^ua re^ij, which becomes an iiifip^d 
matter, by many rercited JWuticns in water. 


A N 

Crufe AKTIMQNY, is the native mine- 
leal amimoQx, mielted doyrn and call ia cones : 
caiied alfo AnSim^ey in fu^fi^nce, 

Pr9f>artd ANTIMONY, is that which 
1bi|spaftonder forne chyipical procefs, hy which 
^e nature aAd powen of it l^ye been aJtered 
9fA abatfida 

JtepiUi of ANTIMONY, a ponderout, 
flietaUick powder, which, upon fufing fomc 
^f that mineral in its erode fiate> ftnks to 
the bottom, )e^vui( the Jcoria cr impurities 
oo the top* 

' Ciajt of milUQ^Y, is the crude ami - 
XDony, and calcified by a tery vehement lire 
in an eafthcn cnidhle, till it leaves cff fum- 
1IX, and t)>en vitrifipd in a wind furnace. 

FhvHTt ^ANTIMONY, ?rc the volatile 
farts that ^ick to the (uhUming pot, after 
luvingbeen pulvemed and fubljmed in aludels. 

ANTINQITS {Jfinmomy) a part of the 
cooileUation, named aq^iU or the eagle. 

ing an antipathy, or antipathetical quality. 

ANTIP'ATHY {^ntipatbia, L. of »%- 
fr«9i(«, of at7/ a^ainA, aiid m^^. the pa ITion } 
feme fay thereafcn of antip^tny between 
f nimals, is, that 1^ the fight of fuch o$je€ts 
certain impreifioi^ are tranfmitted t^ro* the 
^bres of the neryes into the brains, which 
fflsvey the animal Spirits into the nerves; 
which, upon the Uoqd being rarified after 
another manner than is ufual, fends into the 
brains thole fpirit?, which are ad^ipted to the 
fomenting or cherishing o^ terror. And a- 
gain, i$^ff^ia and fpirituous fteams proceed 
from the bod|ies of all creatures, fome of 
which difagree with others, they do excite an- 
ger apd hatred In each other. 

ANTIPBN'DIUM (with the ;2«»wii/>?i) a 
filfgr.^reen, which covers the front of an 
alter, which is hanged on with fcrews upon 
a feftival dsy- 

ANTIPERISTASIS (from a\l2 and ««- 
^i^ofMi, Or. to ftand round) the oppofition 
of a contrary quality, by which the quality 
jt oppofes becomes heightened or intended ; 
or the aAion by which a body attacked by 
another collects itself, and becomes ftronger 
by fuch oppofition : or an intention of the 
a^vitv of one quality caul^sd ty the oppofi- 
tion of another. Thus quick lime is fet on 
fire by the affufien of cold water j {o water 
becomes warmer in winter than in fumnier; 
and thunderand lightening are excited in the 
middle region of the air, which [^ continu- 
ally cold, and all by antipfrapajh- This is 
an exploded principle io the peripatetick 

ANTIPHRASIS (fit>m avU, agamft, and 
^<t0-t{, Gr. a form of fpcech) the uie of 
words in a fenle oppofite to their pmper 

ANTIPODES (in Gnpraphy) fwch inha- 
bitants cf the earth, who dweh in Opptifite 
paralkit of latitude, and under the oppofite 

A N 

half of ^e/jma^ mcridiaJ]^ and ifalk with 
their feet diredly oppofite one to anotlTer. * 

ANTIPYRrr'ICUM (of i^vTiaadwi^wic, 
a fiefy l\eat^ a medicii^e taat allayi the heat 
of fevers, 

AN'TIQyATEpNESS (of snti^utttut, 
L.) the Being grown out of ule or date. 

ANTIQUE (tf«r»7«fi, L.) ancient. Antiptt 
is chiefly uled by archite^,' carvers, painters,' 

ANTISPASIS ( from VR, againft, and 
ffvaoB, to dr^w, Gr.) the xevalfion of any 
humonr into another part. 

ANTISTER'NON(of «V1J, oppofite to, and 
fi^n, the breaft) the back-^ne.' ' • 

ANTITHE'NAR(ofaY7» an^ 5£w#, Qr.)- 
one of the nbufcles which extend the tliuinb : 
it is alfo a mufcle of the great toe,arifing firoip 
the inferior part of the third Ot cunetform*^ 
ana paffing ofeiiquply is jnA.rtcd into 0£}f Scf- 

ANTITYFICmL {f^ amtitjfym^ L. AK- 

rvyw, Gr.) pertaining to an antitype. ' 

ANtlVENE'RiALNJSS fof nVU, K^t, 

and venereus, L.) the being uicfiil agaiAft ve^ 

nere^l diftetppers. 

Btet ANTLER, the ftat^ or branch next 
above t|ie brow antler. 

Brow ANTtER, the ftart or branch next 
the head 

AN'TOCOW (with Hffrfi^d$ff9n) a ronnd 
fwelling about half as big as a man*sfift, breaks 
ing out in the hreaft of a horfe dire^l^a- 
gainil his heart. 

ANT, an tmmet, a pifmire, a fmall vri* 
fc£l well known. 

ANTS {Hitr^fyphieafly'^ were ufed by the 
ancients to reprelent Jabonous perfons, dili- 
gent and induftrious in their calllnga. For 
ants arc tery laborious, induflrioQs creatures, 
and aifp ready to give affiiUnce to their fel- 

AN'VIL (anpilt. Sax) a mafly Jroo in^ 
ftrument on which fmiths, &e, hammer 
their work. 

A Rifing ANVIL, an anvil having twd 
nooks or corners for rounding any piece of 

ANXIETY {antiew, L.) i. Trouble 
of mind about fome future event; fufpenfic 
with une^fineffl ; perplexity; foHcitude. ai 
In the medical language, depreffion | lowneia 
of fpirits. 

ANXIOUS {anxiut, L.) 4i(^qrbcd about 
fome uncertain event ; folicitous. 2. Care- 
ful I full of inquietude | unquiet. 3. Careful^ 
as of a thing of great importance. 4. It has 
generally far or about before the objeA^ but 
fometimrs of, 

ANXIOUSLY (from anxious) in an aoxl- 
oti-j manner I ibiicitnufly) unquietly ^ care- 
fully. ^ 

ANXI0USNES5 (fmm drtxitui) the 
quality Of being MxUmi fofceptibi^ty of 

Digitized by GoOglC ^NY 

A P 

ASY faai^ tnVg, Sax.) i. Every $ 
vkMvcr 1^ be j wtutever it be. It it, in 
«D ial lafait «ppK«4 iudil&reAtlf «> pcHbns 
m tMofi. 3. Wlioibever; whatfoeter; n 
^JnfBJ/ked ffom fome ocbcr. ). It it ufcd 

AFAIIESIS (with Jt^mr/cMiM) a SgoR 
"vbcm lame aiatttr is cmUtd in ^ueftio&i w^ich 
nc wttU tKe jodge to rememlwr. 

APACE (firom a tad ^««r^ that il^ with 
1 |icK p«ct.) i» Qokkly, fpewiily } «<«! 
«r tbnp in motion, a. With faaice ] sp- 
fUtnlbneaaiDa. ). Hafdly jwithfpccd; 
IpokcB of any kind oi ptogreffion fiom one 
ibtt M another. 

APART (4;p»^. F) T. Sepinitely from 
the idt ii place, s. ' In a ftate of diftin^ion^ 
at v> fct apaR (or any nfe. 3. Diftinftly. 
4. Ac « diftsDcc I retiied fiom the other 

APARTMENT {aparttmeiit, P.) a part 
of ibt boaJc allotted to the ofe of any par- 
ikmbr peHbn ; a toom ^ a Crt of moma. 

APATHY («iM»t, Mdfmtbos, feeling) the 
Miiiry of not leeliog ^ eaemptlon from paf- 
lon ; fcctAom from mental perturbation. 

APAG<yRE0SlS {iiiMyofnatf, Gr.) a 
HeoieiB fkemiick called an interdi^ioo of 
Ibfbid&f, L, 

AFATHET'ICaInESS (of t/>Mtbia, L. 
tf mmmSUf Cr.) a freedom from paffion, and 
iifaifibilitT of pain. 

AP AITME (in Htrtldiy) fignifiei an band 
•pened or cstcnded, with the lull pafan ap- 
peariagy and the tfanmb and fingeri at foil 
kB|th, F. 

AfP£ (a^ SsxJ) a monkey. 

APE, anaoiooal that of all creatures comes 
^ ID, or is moft like the figure of a 

APECHEMA (of «'«4 and ^x^, i. #. an 
echo, Gr.) a cootra^fiifore, when a blow it 
9vcn 00 one fide, and the fraAure made on 

APE'RIENTS (in Mtiieini)^^imnt me- 
dkiaai^apentiret, fuch at open the obftro^ted. 
prfayi of the fmall veflelt, glandt and pores, 
and by that meana promote a doit circulation 
at tne oootaisiA^ jnicci. 

APE'RIENT St§d (m Miditimet) are gtafs, 
aaddcr, cringo, capen and cammock, called 
the MeTf finaBage, feaady afpangut, par- 
ley and botcher*! bmom, called the five 

APERT' {gf»tmtf L.) open. 

AP'ERTORE 7 {apermra, L.) the opening 

APER^ION 5 of aoy thing or a hole left 
hi ibme fabjedt otherwife folid or contiguous. 

APERTURE (with GiotHtrictan^ the 
%aci left between two linea, which mutu- 
ally iocfioe towaids each other to fiirm an 

APErAtOUSNESS (of « prir. and 
«iSa W, Or. a loif^ being without leaves. 
A PEX (ift Ginmiry) the top of a cooe» 


A P 

or any fuch like figure, ending in a ihvp. 


*A^'Xi9y> of » W 
and nXi*^, the 
ion, Gr. ) a 
name given by 
aftronomers to 
that point of 
ea:thor a pla- 
net in whch it Is at the Uriiita diflance from 
the fun that ran be 3 thus a plaiiet A in the 
figure^ it in its utmoil diHance or Apbt' 
lion, S. ^ 

APHfLANTHROPV («' without, and 
^\a\$^m, Gr. love of mankind) want of 
love to mankind. ^ 

APHOKY (d without^ and ^m, fpeech^ 

APHORISM (a^^i//MC| Or.) a maxim | 
a precept contiafted in a fliort fentence } aA 
unccnnrAed p'fition. 

APHORISTICAL (from gpborifm) b 
fotm of an aphnrifm i in ieparatc tod uncoA* 
neffccd fentences. 

in the ferrn of an aphorifm. 

APHRODISIACAL (from afirodtti, 
Venus) relating to the venereal difeafc. 

APHRONIT'RON (of d<^^c;, froth, and 
iii7(flr» Gr. nitre) a kind of nitre fuppnfed by 
the ancients to be fpume or the fubtileft and 
Ijghteit part cf it» emerging at the top. 

APHYXl'A {pfd^^£, Gr. to draw out) 
a ceflation of a polie thro* the whole body, 
being the higheft degree of fwooning next to 

APl'CTAN Art (Co called of Apieius, a fa- 
mous voHiptoafy) vohiptuoufiiefs, or volup* 
tuoos cookeiy. 

APIARY (fttmi aptt, L. a bee) the place 
where bees are kept. 

APICES^ of a flower (L. from efex, the 
top) little knobs that grow on the tops of the 
ftamina, in the middle of a flower. They 
are commonly of a daik purplifh colour. By 
the microfcope they have b<^n difcovered to 
be a fort of caffni^ feminaUi, or fecd-veflcls, 
containing in them fmall globular, and of- 
ten oval partklet, of various colours, and 
eitquUitely formed. 

APIECE (from «, lor each> andfiett, or 
fliare) to the part or fhare ot' each. 

APISH (from Ape) i. Having the qua- 
lities of an Ape; imiutive. 2. Foppiihy 
afle^^. 3. 5illy,'trifl'uig, iofignificant. 4. 
Wanton, plavfai. 

APISHLY (from flpfjb) In an apifli maa- 
ser) foppiflily, coi.ceitedly. 

APISHNKSS (from atijb) Mtmickry, 
foppery, infignificance, playfulnefs. * 

A-PIT-PAT fa word formed from the 
i) with ^uick palpitstioo. 


Digitized by ^^ 

A P. 

APLUSTRB {Latin) the ancient apMpi 
carried io fea ▼cffch. 

APOCAWrPSE r«nq««*'^»f<Jf-) ^- 
▼elationv'nircoTerjr } a WDvd ufed «iiJy cf the 
lacreii yricin^ 

APOCALYPTICAL (from op9caiypfi) 
•tnecrtiqg revcbtlon '; ooncaiaiog reveia- 

APOq^LYPT^CALUr {h[fmafoealjf>H' 
€al) in ittd^ manner^^to reveal lomethiiig 

APOCOI^ (from «ir«i&r«) Qr.) a Qgine 
in gramnur, when the ;aft ietter or fylUbie 
.of a wo^d h takea awy ; as iageni^ tor 

APOCRUSTICK, (iWf»r»«. ftom 
«irfM{cy^. Cr. to drtvir) remedies endued with 
a repelling and aftringent power^ by which 
t)»ey prevent the too great aj£ux oi hmpoun 
to a part difeafed. 

. WU>QCRYPHA (from «s»«;(nrlM, Gr. 
jto fttt out of fight) Bcoka whofe atithon 
are not known. It is ofed for the Booka 
i^)pendcd to the iaered .writings, which being 
0i doubtful authors are leCi regarded. . 

APOCRYPHAL (from apocryf^ba) i. 
|{ot« canonical ; of uncertaU^ authority. 2. 
Contained in the Apocrypha, 3. It i» ravie> 
times ufejd for an account of uncertain credit. 

APPCRYPHALLY (from mpotrypbaJ) 5 not indifputably. 
. APOCRYPHALNEaS(fromtf^0<rx^Atf^ 
fincei tainty \ doobtfuJaefa of credit. 

APODICTICAL (from «r«h£ic, Or.) 
evident truth, demonftration, demonAtative, 
evident beyond contxadi^^ioo. V^ 

APODlXlS> demooftratlon.' 

APOLOGETICAL 7 (from a«oXa}«af> 

APOLOGETICK 3 Gr. to defend) 
fhat which is laid in defence of any peiibn 
CT thing. 

. APOLOGETICALLY (from d^flA^ttifii/) 
in the way of defence or eicufe. 

APOLOGIST (from to apolopxc) he that 
snakes an apohgy^ a pleadisr in favour of 

To APOLOGIZE (from apoiogy) i. To 
nlead in favour of any perfon or thing. 2. It 
has the particle for before the fubjett cfapo/tgy, 

APOLOGUE (from •tr99^y^, Gr.) U- 
b!e ; Itory contrived to t^ach fome moral truth. 

APOLOGY (fioro apologia^ L.) i. De. 
lence, extufe. Apology generally fignifies 
rather excufe than vindication, and lends ra- 
ther to extenuate the fault, than prove in- 
nocence. This is, however, fometimes un- 
regarded by writers. », It has/>r before the 
oLjeft of excufe. 

APORATERION (of .JrclSftJv^, M de- 
part, Gr.) a farewel fpeech or poem upon a 
pcrfon*s going oat of his own country, or 
iome other place, where he had been kindly 

APOMECOM'ETRY.^of dVi and/»il^, 
pr. to mcafiire) an "art of fhewiog how to 
t2icaruiethins£ at a diftance, or to And how 

Cur thff am off froga «•« 

^V9^^tyf»miilih to pmge the bead ef plllegv) 
medkiivs po be cbenved that iuive the £ieidi- 
ty to purge the head and bmin of c«»ld p^q^ 
ipatjf:« homoon by the nofe, sienth, 4f c. 

APQPiiYGE' {impvyn, Cr.) m flight m 

APOPHYGf (ArtkitiaMf*) that pMt of 
a cplfimn wlrre it. begins to (pring oyt •f i|f 
befe, attd^hoet apwards» bat this apophyge 
originally was really 90 mere -than the nst^. 
or fcixcl astlestly faftencd at the extoefBitias 
of wooden pillars to kerp them from ipGttiogi^ 
•ad whkh afterwards was imitated in Aone^ 

AP<yPL£XY CAwoiAn^hi, ef itiravXiMw's^ 
to ftrike or aftonifli) a dif<^iie .sshifih is a iud- 
den f rivation of all the fenfcs, and icii&hie 
motktns of the body, thoffii bt the heart jLnd 
luo^s being excepted* .and is attended wisk 
the deprivatioa of the principal facnisaes of 
tjbe foul) by reaibn that the paffiiges. of the 
hratn areftopt, and the € Ute ammal 
fpirits hindered. 

APO^ON <'a«^, ciM privit. aad vfov, 
a paffage, Gr.) a praUem in the mttbem^ 
ticks, which, though it is not impoffibie, ia 
ncverthelels very difikt^t to be reiolved, and 
has ntH adually been refolved,^fuch as t^ 
fquaring of the circle, &x. 

APORKA (with RhcteridoMs) a figure 
where the orator is at a ftand what to do, 
asj pail Jfpiak 9ttt, wbtfiUn f 

APOSIOPE^IS CAsro^aMTwrlc, rf •'«• 
0>i«Mra«, to .bold oiie*speKe, Gr.) rcticeacy 

. APOjSPAS'MA (with Ari;e0«)tke 
drawing of one part from another, whick 
naturally ftuck th it ; « s when the flcin iaie^. 
rated from a membrane, a membrane Isom a 
mufcle, one mufcle from another, &t, 
^ APOSTAT'ICALLY (of tf^^ofa, L. of 
«wtC^T«;» Gr.) after the maooer of as 
apoftate. r, 

APOSrrUME (of iwo^fAm, of «tiraft«s, 
Gr. to depart) a .preter-natmral tumoer ot 
fwelling, caufed by corrupt matter collef^ed 
together in any part of the body, commanly 
calJed an Impo^bttme. 

APOSTOL'ICALLY {if^tlipitmetir, F. 
of 'Aw^Sk'^g Gr.) after the manner of an 

APOSTOL'ICALNESS, tke being of n- 
poflolical appointment. 

APOSYR'MA (widi^r^«w)a ihavSng 
of the ikia-or of a bone. 
having .fepaaated then- 
felves from the ancient 
fociety of Grocers, grew 
Ha murh in favour with 
king yattttt 1. that he 
ufed to call them his qom* 
pany, and gave them a 
charter of incorporation 

A P 

b ebe fift^eeittib fcv -of his rdgiL .Tl^etc^nns 
tre ^^genr. w^Jwaffiy armed with a' bo^^nd 
otow, f ui ift oiHi ted a P^Af^n, TWr fb']^- 
prttn two nriicoms, the creft a rftlnoc/^ol 
fanwwftthig- a t&fre aniHrelinet. Theinottcr^ 
0/ifir' per orhem dt(dr. ' '*" 

*A««fli{a7fMt, Gr.) that part of J&>fick that 
<*iM or pfCYents' w«ar1nefs- ftoirt tod mudi 

•r"B- APO'i^ME (10 MathtimKii^^ is 
f the remain^ or di^rence of tWo lA- 
f ccffl Afxxfu/ilile q aantities, an 'irratibn'a 1 
I lefldue, ar DC, whtth from a rttitfn'al 
-tC lice B D, caira b^ you cut ofi a r4tivnal 
J part B C^ ceiled ^, oW?y c immWAfra- 
J_D We in power to the whole line ^ Dj 

TB AFPAxE (of ap/>a//V, F.) to.dabnt, 
iBsnili or ffitoorage. 
APPA'WAOff. Se'c Ap'tnagi, 
AfPARA'TUS, IS uftd to ffgnify the 
alttSb pertaining to*a machine, as the aji- 
yvatM of a i^cr9ie^pt, AW-pttn^^ ftc.' 

APPARATUS (with Surie'Hit) th* 
Ibodaya, medkam^its an^ drfrflings of t 
part. - . T . 

APP AR A'TtJS- ^d}hr md minor '(Virjth' i^/- 
«Nf*fc^yihc-gt»ater and ItfflVf pr^aration, 
two diff;T«ixt methods qf cutliAg for the 
fca, L. > ^ . 

%* APPARATtJSjfwifh tUhhokifl^ 
iifasfornitftt by Tnaking ah'iftcifionsrtiovifhe 
grain i!oag the Linra atha. Into the fund of 
*e blidd^ 5 and thro* th« ihey cxtridk the 

Wr/^W/a-Mp APPARATUS,; f« pfer-. 
fihnei hjr throlHn?. the twof fore-fingeri li'p 
dirfgndtment tilPWsy totich or cdn\c a|;a}nfl 
thrfcee, »o4 with them dUire it to' the neck 
•f 'he bUddcr, aod extraft if frDm ih'eiic^, 
thro* a9 iTKiikm ifi the Feriii^um* ' * * 

APP A'RJEMT l^/y, ohe w/hafe fWe Is'c^ar 
kyoa* dilute or contradhftlon. 

AP?A'KX?fT Cinjuftaion iA^r9fl9pff]'U 
^hm-iht rifht Bi*e fiippoW to be dtawn 
thn* the centers of t^lV^ r^anfets docs not'pafs 
ilvoQShthereaterof the earth, botthto' tlie. 
%»ft»tOf*s eye. . 

APPARENT JT>ri7seH {AJhonmy) it that. 
pot circie which limits our fi^rhf ; or tftat 
?*««« where the heavem and ^rth flbem to lia 


APP A'REWTt^EgS {affpanntia, t.) 

APPARITION (with ^fwwwm) ^s the 
kcoHiof vlfible of a ftar cr other luminary, 
«k^h befoK was hid. 

AFPAR'ITOR (io the Uni'oerfity) a fort 
«f beadle, win carriet the mace before the- 
■»ftei», Acuities, &c. 

APPAR'tEMBNT (in Cmmn La^j 
ft^tiiaod, IHroefa. or rcXembUnce, as ap' 
f»laK9i tf War. 

Ta APPE'ACH, the fame as to impeach j 
*• <• toiccsie one of any crime. 

A P 

jf^r/, F.) the removing a caufe from an inf&ior 
jtidg^' or court to a fi^perfor, indtder to rec- 
tify romcthrng atnifi ih a fentence pafled by 
ah »ihfrrf or judge j h is aifo an acculatioii or 
declaration of the crime of any perfon j par^ 
ticuiirly the aecvKing of a munlcret by a per- 
fon who irintcrt^cd in the paity murthored, 
APPEAL ky Bill (in Ltf«?) is whefe a maA 
of hhnfeii" gives up his accufation In writhig^ 
offering to undergo the burden of'ip^etliiJg tfe 
perfon thereih iiamed. * ' ' ' / 

APPEAR hy Wnt (in Lc*a)\\ when' 4 
writlspurchaiMoot of chancery by one to 
another, tothc intmt that he appeal a thi'r^ 
perfon of fome felony compiitted by biffiV 
Bnding pledges that he Aall do it. 

APPEARANCE (a/>^tfrr«/V, t.^lhe e**- 
teribr furfece of a thine j or that' Which firft 
ftrikes the fcnfe or the imaginarloA. ' ' ' 

APPEAR ANCE - (in Profpcfli^e) ' ft* *the 

rcjfrefentatimi dfa'figiine, body, or the lijcfe 

obje^, upr.n the pcrfpeftive plidn. '' 

APPEARANCES (with* A/ronimers) are 

more ufually called Pbanmtna, 

Toja've Al'PEA'RAKCES, !s feetoinglV 
to difthatge one*s duty, or to acquit himfefr 
of the formalities or extemak of it, fo as to 
fave his chandler a;;d avoid giving ofllence of 

APPEAS'ABLE (of eppaifir, F.) tUiJt 
may liepadfied.- 

■ Af^Pl^ASA'BLENESS, capaNcncft of be^ 
ing pacified; 

^ AI^PEL'LATiVElY (of apptllaiif^ t. 
app^efiarivat, L,^) by^ay df appeUali6ri. 

To APPEN'D {appevHerf, L.) rahahgnj) 

A'PrEN!yANT(tf/^<'ff/^*M,t.) hangtng ti^. 
APPENDED 'Remedies (in Medici nt). are 
fuch as are outwafdJy applied by hanging a- 
boti^theneck'. • 


9 his 1 

the fortune, or J)or- 
tion which a fo\T- 


reign ptince givettoTiis younger fon ot chil- 
dren. The younger fons of England have 
no certaiir appennages, but only what the 
king is pic* fed tb beftow upon them j btitin 
trance the king's younger fons have (by vir* 
tuCDftlie \rM of'Afpanftage) dutchies, coun- 
ties or baron jes j^ranted' to them and^thelt 
Ihefrs^ the rcverfion rcfervcd to the cfowo, 
ftnd ill matters of regality, as coinage, kvy- 
ingtai«,'Gfr. ' ^ ' * 

APPET'iBLieNESS (of afpetibihs, L.) 
worthincfs to be defirod. 

• aFPEVITE (by PW^^o'x)^ defined a 
de<jrc gf enjoying fometmng wanted, or d 
com'phcency in the Enjoyment of a thing pre- 
fent. It is diftinguiOiM into voluntary and 
natural. * ' 

• rcfw^ittry APPETITE (witli Selmlmen)^ 
the will itfelf- acting under -^ competent 
knowfedge or infcrmaricn of tlie matter in 
hand, as thedefire of liifpinefu 

Digitized by VaOOQ IC 

. A P 

Naturd! APPETITE /w'lth Schoalmeu) • 
fort of. \nliktn€t, whereby we are laechanicaj- 
ly pufliedoa toconfuUourown prefervation. 
* APPETI' riOK, aneaineft defice, or 
c»ger purfuit after. 

' APPLIABLE (from apply) that which 
nay be applied. For this wurd the noderos 
life appricdbU ; which fee. 

APPLIANCE (from appfy) the ad of 
•pplyiog : the thing applied to. 

APPLICABILITY (from afplieahU\ the 
quality^of being fit to be applied to fomethlng. 

APPLICABLE (from apph) that which 
may be applied^ as properly relating to fi>me- 

' APPLICABLENESS (from applUabk) 
fitnefi CO be applied. 

APPLICABLY (from tf/^/;;<i«c , in fuch 
a manner at it may be properly app'ied. 
. APPLICATE (from apply) a right line 
.drawn acrofs a curve, fo aa to bifed the 
-£ameter therecf. 

. APPLICATION (from apl>fy) i. The 
•£l oJF applying any thing to another ; as, he 
mitigVcd hit pain by the appUcatitm of 
imellicnis, 2. The thi:>g applied \ as, he 
invented a new application^ by which blood 
might be launched ?. The a£t of applying 
to any perfon, ai a folicitor, or petitioner. 
4. The employment of any means for a cer- 
tain end. 5. Intenfenefs of thought ; dofe 
fiudy. 6. Attention to fome particular 
aftair \ with the particle /«. 7. Tne cOndi- 
tioh of being ufed as means to an end. 
• APPLICATIVE (from apply) that which 

APPLICATORY (from apply) th*t 
which compreher.ds the a£l of application, 

APPLICATORY (from apply) that 
which applies. 

. To Apply (appHot, L.) x. To put one 
thiqg to another. 2. To lay medicamentk 
upon a wound. 3. To make ufe of ai rela- 
tive or foitable to fonoethiog. 4. To pot to 
a certain ufe. 5. To u fe as means to ftn eodt 

6. To fix the mind uoon 5 to ftudy j with to, 

7. To have reoourie to, as a>folicitor, or 
petiticnerj with to. g. To endeavour to 
work upon. 9. To ply $ to bufy j to keep 
at work ; an antiquated fenfe. 

To APPOINT {af'potnttr, F.) to fix any 
thing ; aSy to fettle the exa^ time for fame 
tranfadlion. 2. To fettle any thing by com* 
pa£l. 3. To cftabliih any thing by decree. 
4. To furniih in al* points \ to equip » tQ 
fupply with all things nccei&ry: ufad an- 
ciently in fpe^klng of foldiers. 

APPOINTER (from appoint) ho that 
fettles or fixes ^y thing or p^ace. 

APPOINT.vlENT {app^intement, F.) I. 
Stipulation ) the a6l of fixing fomethlng in 
whi.:h two or more arc concerned. 2. Decree, 
eftabiiihment. 3. Dire A ion, order. 4. Equip- 
ment, furniture, c. An allowance paid to 
any mm, commoiuy ofcd of allowances to 
publick officers. 

A P 

Al^POSITION (with PbiUfiphen) an ad- 
dltion of matter m any bady outwardly } but 
it is ufually applied to the cnctcaie of faodiea 
without life ; and is called alibaccmfen» mad 

APPOS1TENES5 (of appoftas, L.) fit- 
uJa for the purpoie. 

APPRAISE'MENT, the valuation of any 

To APPREHEND [^>(f$kado, U to 
take bold of) 1^ To lay bold on. a. To 
feize in order for trial or pnniihment. 3* To 
conceive by the mind. 4^ To think oa wi|^ 
terror, to fear. ' 

APPREHENDER {from ^prehead) coo* 
ceiver, -thinker. . 

APPREHENSIBLE {fftn appnbaad) 
that which may be apprehended, « conceived* 

APPREHENSION (from appnbeafia^ U) 
I. The mere contemplation of things, wichoot 
affirming or denying any thing concerning 
them. So wc think of a hcrie^ high, fwift, 
animal, time, matter, nund, death, &c. 
Z, Opinion, fent^nentsycoocepcions* 3. Tho ', 
faculty by which we conceive new ideas ^ or 
powei of conceiving them. 4» Fear< 5* Suf- 
picion of fomething to happen^ or he; done* 
6. Sciaurc, 

APPREHENSIVE {dom apprthend) u uaderftand. 2. Foarfnl. 

APPREHENSIVELY (trom appnbaafiae) 
in an apprehenfive manner. 

benfive) the quality of being apprehenfive. 

To APPRISE {(romappraidr^, a^pris,f.) 
to inform ^ to give the know lege of any thiog« 

To APPROACH {0^^ approcUr, F.) 
I. To diaw near locally. •». jo draw near, 
as time. 3. To make a prrgre& towardsi 
In the figurative fenfc, aa mentally. 

APPROACH (from the verb; j. The 
a£l of drawing near. 2. Accefs. 3* H^flile 
advance. 4, Means of advanciirg. 

APPROCHER (fr.m apprcacb) the per- 
fon that approaches, ot draws near. 

the ad o^ coming near. 
. APPROBATION {vpprob^ti^, L.) x. 
thi ad of approving, or exprcding himfclf 
pleafed. ». The liking of any tlucg. 3. At* 
tellaticn, fupport. 

AP PROOF (from approve, wprorf from 
prove) approbation; commendation, award 
rightly derived, but old. 

To APPROPERATE [approperp^ L.) to 
haften, to fet forward. 

To APPROPINQJJATE (from appro- 
piaaup, L.) to draw nigh unto^ toappitach. 

To APPROPINQUE (from approptttfutf 
L.) to approach, to draw near to. 

APPROPRIATE 7 {appropriatusL.) 

APPROTRIATED J a term ofed by 
philcfophers of fomething which is indeed 
I common to feveral ; yet in fomc refped is 
peculiarly attributed. * 

Digitized by Google ^^' 

A P , 

APPROTRUT£ (ia Lsw) figoite a 
dtttc^ m benefice, the f^tioluige. •t' whkh 
j» aaaamd to fen* ditirch dignky, lo tlMt 
t^parCni rvocMcs the titlMt. j 

APPRCyPRIATENESS (W mppropritr^ 
F. 9fpMfrUimm^ X^} fitnciii !<» fome other 

AkYROPRIA'TION, »• the epeeuitiog a 
thiH » * paffioilar ule. Ia tn Ecck/i«ftkal 
Ceafe a k eppliruig ^M.bepefice of a church to 
the pnper and pwpctnai ufeof iooae rdi^toos 

it b where the advowAiQ of a parioDace 
kloip to » hiihoprkk or rclicwDt faooii?;, col- 
kCBy ^c. aad their Aicccfixa, ib that the 
Mvis ho^ patron $xA paiibo, ani ibmc one 
of their ncnbers officiate aaykar. 

Thefe npropriatJons were lAtroduced i« the 
t»e flf triSUm the cooqocrof : ^ far^sbiai 
tktfg hang then gcneraJly Jutvoniy simI the 
bi&opt ao4 cenppial clcity Umaant, .-they 
vade M fcraple to inpoiverUh ^hc tnftrior 
ckr§^ to enrich the monafterics, which wore 
ieacriliy fofftSai iff th« fr^ftdc of the con- 

Where the churches aad. tithoi were fy pp* 
fropfiatied, the vicar had only farha com||e- 
leocy as tho hiftop or his.foperior thoo^c fit 
1» allow. 

APPROVABLE (of fppramffr^ F. ^^- 
fnimrey JU) that m^y be approved. 

APP RO V£'M£NT(«/^««rMMMr«w,Z4w> 
L.}iiared for improvement by ancieatwriteri* 

APPKOXIMA'TION, a comiog or put- 
OBg near to, L. 

APPUr (with Bcrfimen). it the ftay 
upon the hoHcmaii*s hand, or the reciprocal 
fede b ct irie cB the horics mouth anO the 
brifik haad \ or the horfe's iea(c of the a^Uon 
of chehndle in the horfcman't hand 

Afmi: APPUI (in Horfcmtnjbi/) it a firm 
ftjy without rcfting very tieavyy and without 
bearing upon the horfcman'a hand. 

ji mart lUm jM K\^^\i\ (with ft»^>. 
■tfVy a term they ufe of a borle that ia 
ftopt wHth iome force, but ftiJi io that ha does 
•4^ tor we the horieman*a hand. 

APRJX. \o{ aftrieadoy L.opening, bccaufe 
the pores of the cirth are then opened) ihe 
fiivrth Tiooth &OXD Dutmktr. 

APT (at^nri, L.). i. Fit. a. Having a, 
ttadcocy to. 3* Inclined to, led to. 4. Resuly, 
^ttkJc ; as an apt wit. 5. Qualified for.^ 

To APT (ii^, L.) I. To /uJt^ to adapt. 
%, To fit, to qaaiify. 

T3 APfATE {aptatum^ls,) to make fit. 

APTltUDE, {Ft^ncb) 1. Fitnefs. a. 
TcAdemy. 3. Difpofiiion. 

APTLY (from afn) 1. PropcrJy j with 
)oft CToaeftioo, or cocrefpondence ^ fitly, 
a. Jttiliy, pertinently. 3. Readily, accutely ) 
ir b Jciraed hU bufinefs very a^tly. 

APTNE>S(<rom«»/>0 i. Fitnefa, fuiiaWe- 
■ciii. 1. Dif^tio 1 to any thing. 3. Qiilck« 
aefi of af prcheafioo » readinefs to learn. 4, 

A R .. 

AiQUA {Latim) a word figiiiyiag«Mfty|^' 
and very much ufed in chymical writinga* 

AQUEDUCT {aqu^duBus, L.) a con* 
veyance made fiir carrying water from one 
place to another $ made oa uneven ground^ 
to preiierve the level of the. water, and coa«^ 
vey it by a canal. Some a^ueduHs arc under 
ground,. and othcra above \it fupportod fay 

The tmftittatUn AQ^ARIffS haa two oh. 
(cure ^ra on the head, one great one on eack 
(houlder,' one on each elbow, one br%ht oi|ft 
ofi the extreme .. part of l^is right haiidj one 
on eachjpap, one on the left hip, 000 oi» 
eaf h l^ee, upon hit right leg one $ in alt 
ij^^ntcu). Th^ pouring out of water it o» 
the ieahand. It has thirty ftan^ of whidi 
two are bright, the reft obf.ure, 

AQUALITIES (in Botan^^ fuch plsuHf. 
argfQw in water. 

''X<^^0' MERCURIAI^ water and acr* 
cury. . - . ■ , . 

A'OyEOUS buSi {Anatomy) certain duas, 
whereby the aqueous Ifamouria foppoied to 
be conveyed into the tniide^f the i**mhiranta 
whidi incloife that liquor. 

Ai(Qy£OUSNESS 7 '(0^ afMoAtaa, L.) 

AQUOSE/NESS I waCfrihnefs. 

A<^ILA ( Afironcmy) t^ eagle, a 000- 
deilation confiftipg of 70 fian, according to 
the ^r/ri/tb catalogue; 

AQyoSITY {aqwfias^ L.> .waterifiioefa«. 

ARABESK' (fo -called fro^ the Jrabt, 
I who ufe this kind of oruamenta, their reli- 
gioo forbidding them to make any imag^aor 
figures of . men or animals) a term appiy*4i 
to. fuch painting, ori»meats of 6*60208, ^c* 
\vhich confifted wholly of imaginary foLagegy; 
'plants, fialks, (sTc . without a y human or; 
animal figures. 

ARAB'lCK (Arakicus, L.) belonging t» 
the Asians. 

A'RABISM,'an idiom or manner of fpeak« 
ing, peculiarto the Arabia or Arabiam, 

AR^OM'ETER ^of «i*^m<v Gr. thin, 
,and /AfTf.)!, mearore,.Cr.).aA m^umencto 
meature the denfity or gravity of fluids. 

ARAXGNEE' (in Fartijicatiw) the branch, 
return, or gallery of a mine. 

ARAY ? (probably of arr^ytr,. 

ARAYINO J Old Frtncb^ drefs, gacb, 

AR'BJTRAL {arhitralh^ L.) of or per- 
tainii^ to a I', arbitrator or.arhitiation. 

AR'BITRiRlLY {ej( arbi'trio, L.) after- 
one*s own will. 

ARBITRARINESS (of orbitrariui, U) 
a£ling merely according to will a id pleafure. 

ARBITRATOR (with C; Vitfiii; ia un» 
derftood differently fiom an arhiur. 

An arbitrator being left wholly to a£^ aCv. 
cording to his own difcrccion, w<thi ut f'liem* 
iniiy of procefsor courlc of judgment j where- 
as Ail arbiter is obliged to a<ii ac€oidi;ig to law 
and equity. ^ 

' . DigitizedbyVaOi ARBOR 

AR*BOR pn MeShanicks) the principal 
f«M*of 4^'ttianatk tHilch'fertc^ to CmikAhe 
wMiti alft ft' ft^ftfilefor akh on wMcM a^'i^ 
eliint turns^ L« 

Mt '«ri»e« t4]«'f^nf^ rdreiUMaiM^ of' « robty 

\ A9B9WtAXY {ofiiraHkt, Li) f«l6h^ 
to trees. 


tfl>aMtt4eiftrtt ihirde'or eijtad pait^ of W and* 
4i«rl\irjr/ po^«diere^• aPnd digeAM ^K gbdd 
llkirof iiM^e -^tiie dir^^^'^B'Po^w*^' 
^jfliM'iinier ^B^'ipifft'of nitre' hav oeendfhiwfr 
oIF in a retor^ «nd lafily digefled *in - fgirit 
#fxMl^e,^ ^ tbc*p6Vv^leT' is l iecom e ' taftalefs. 
ARC BOUT ANT (of «V and huth; '?; 
«»'i«h«)ij)P.<4K&r^^Arfv figsHies fflai^Kkh 
abutting againft the ^cigns of a vault, ip* xr^-" 
^i^'t'6 ' fhp\Mti If; and orcvent itr giii ng Wiry. 
•' AieCH'(pf6b4Wy'cit' JtsxpVy GrO afrant or 

it the cbfef or tnettojfolitan bi/hopo^ Ji^A^> 
ihto^ wbd bits itfnde^faim ieveml Axffrasaa 

The title of arch-bifltojr wasfirft ,intn)v 
*i*B*W^if eaf^^abotit theycar of cJ>^iflf ^40, 
bdl-^IMn aV thkt time ohl^ Honoraryi and vas 
ffrih tO'srH btnV>p9r of great cities* 

.ff^tfrt/ISfetmfy'twAarc'h-biftopt, thatof 
IliwtSfci^'atti^tharof Tvrk, vfioare? caHed 
Fnr^ath antf Metropotitans, The biffiop' qt 
<?#Ji<#f#ffry WsLdJancicntry-jwiffliaioii ottf /r^* 
JlA<4' BtKT was ATftd^a patriarch. 

He was dignified with fome fpecial tdleen 
itfJ rbyaltr, a4 «o^ patron: of the biflioprfclc 
of Kochtftr, To create knigbts^ coih mo- 

He is ftnr^rtottnfeth thfe firtV pe* of 
Kuglkndy ind>rie»f td the royal HvtA^ t'hav- 
lAg the ptetedcnce <rf the dijkes, ai^tfalfthe 
great offlcrtsbf "the crown; 

• BJ*th»r common laW of J?«^a<f</he'en}t(ys 
the power of the probate of- \^ilh and tefta- 
»^fs; apd gi^Dfirfg letters of adminiffration. 
AhA*of' gtlfhtiag licences and difpenfttions 
i» all cafes fcrnierly fucd for in the conrt 
cfBomt^ ai)d*not rfpugnant to the law of 
Cod. Httlrtj'ihfevti'al courts of judicature, aS 
tBc cY>«irr o^irtftfcfir ind of aodience; the pre- 
rogative coort, and court of peeulian. 

' The arch'bifliDp of Terk is ufre^ed with the 
fimt' power in bis pmnnce as the archbiihop 
of Gfrrtf^i^y haJ'irf his : He'hiff arlfo rhc title 
to the lecortd degree of peerage, and takes 
pfectj^effcft nf pM dnkca not of the blood 
rdftl^ an& all i*fBfcri of ft ate next to the 

ARCH DEACON {A^)(%i^ut^, of t!?^?: 


and fttumi^t to imnif!e'r or ierre, Gr.} a 
I choith offi^BT' whoid bo/inefa' la td •iMSt'She 
I [ibHdKs within* 9 carttil* diAtid. I» was ofU 
0miL^9ve^VP the flHft cr eldeft deaebn ^khti 
attended on the hliha^^ btft wlthoot *tif 
pmmt ; bvt #ilce the counoil <lf' M'ltf^ the 
Ain^on is bttooAW •» dignity, aftd* nifiiBj^ a* 
bove that of prieft, tho* in the primitive 
tiflfttfof chriiliuiity it was far otlmiHfe. 

For in thofe tlAiet-tlife lu'etuleaooA Wat ^e 
bIbApe chief miniAef in all efetefHal afAors^^ 
ao4 panioidarl^rthe' teflvporvlitie*^ 

In the xoth centntj they began* to te 
efleoMdi, at htvtogjiiirlRliaiort In thdk- own 
right,, or ellTtf'attHh'dlothehrpfllee^ witft « 
powef of dfelegaviiig it t» ekher^;- bi^ tfi% 
Mng thott^t too Aiucfaf f&efr'pb#er wat 
leflened by in«reafitfg t&eir ndmder. 

Tke^ at« in England fixty A^MeHetwg^ 
whekr offioff is * «veiry!'feooid year to^ TiAt-ti^ll 
cnifuktt iat» the itpaAtitm^ and mbvabtetbT 
ciMsthet, w refbriii'abtifet inecelefiaftical afw 
fairs,«t}d td hf4ngthe Wort! Weighty afiSirs bbu 
ibi«' the bUhop. 

They have> aUo- a" power to fs^paid, ex- 
communicate, and in many<place8 ta prov^ 
wfn^ aod'ihTdme'^kieiei ttyioAitttte to^« 


One briAcfi of theit* office If, Cftirfdudt-aff 
clerics into their benefices within their jurif-' 
dilBon,-artd by'thesrd of unif&rmity, they 
are now oblt^ tit'brin prieifs orders.' 

M^oy 6t them hn^ thdr courts and offi .. 
ciaU«s b^heps'havtf; 

AKCHMOLOOY {•/^^t^eyU of' A- 
;^a7^, ancient, and xay^, Or. fpeech^ mtf 
aiicient waf ofipeaking or writing j alfo a 
treatife of antiquity. ' 

, ARCH'MESS, . waggHhniefs, dexttrtufnefs 
ih maftaf enient, crafV, crafVin^ft. 

ARCH CHAN'TER, the chief or preHderiV 
cf th* chanters of a church. 
, ■ AkCWCHYMrCK, as tf^rA chymckfttn, 
'the chief chym^ff the fan. Mihoti. ' 
I ARCH DRt;^D, the chief or pontiff of 
jtHe ancient Druids. 

I ^ An' ARCH (o!* arcus, L. a bow) a bend*' 
'ing in form of a^hc^rt bcfw. 
! ARdrf (!n j^gihifnomy) as the diiMi^ arch 
of the-fttn, is par^ ^ a circle parcllcl to tt/e 
equator, which is defcribed'by the fun in hit' 
.courfe between riiing and Aftti^g. 

ARCH of Bfreffian Cm Jf/hemmy) is an 
arch o^ the Zbdidck, which a planet feeat» 
to paftf ovteiy when the motion of it is accord- 
ling to the order of the figns. 

ARCH of Retrogradariorr V\ti j^rottomy) 
* arch'oi" the Zodiack, defcribcd while a. 
pUnet is retrograde, BMving contrary to th^ 
order of the figns: 

ARCH of Fifon (AJfronomy) is Ae depth 

of the fun below the horiaon, at 'which a* 

ftar b-gins to rife again, which before was" 

hid id' his rar?. 

Simi^ ARCHES {Gnmetry) are fuch as 

^ , contain 

Digitized by VaOOQlt 

A R 

oBUis tlK &ffie aambcr of degrmof ^kikic- 

Stmnrrm/sr ARCJHES {^rchiteBu^t) uc 
lUtwhkh OH^ aa.eicaA iieouc^irle, .and 
iBiff ^iNir ctsMtre in the. nidU^ W Uie coui 9f 

se teas, coa r a i ai o fl 90, ;K>or 4o ^ewm^ 
AJUIQES c/" /iir i^ni ifttd fywtk ]f9int 
(• j§r€httanre\ afe i»c|) Jis cqpfift W two 
iidiciof a circle ending ia an angle .at tJ^ 
pf^Mi ne.dB«wa ftom fW dif tipa <tf a 
dn' iBtDs or 4 parts tt picadors. 

£^^^m/ ARCHES (^r<AM«9.) coAfift of 
a ieai-eip&i^ aad iiave ctunnpgly a fc^ 
Ant^ and cb«|tfre]s #r iaDiv>4sr ibey iwoe 

Sb-AT ARCHES {AteiuUSuve\ «m ardkes, 
Ihevpperoi vaderedeet of which are.teit j 
aa Aejr are caned in .othen> and alio thoie 
fa iirt g r%pMn Pt l , andthe^adiLaadjoiattaU 
paafBf CO a centre j they are aiediover 

ARCRE' Ca|5c*, Gt.) the be^nnai& an 

ARCHE (IB MuStim) the heginauig of .a 

ARCfi^EO i^rf^i (wi^ Farrim^ air^.)4n 
iBpcifcdion ia a boffe, when .being in hit 
ttCaial pofidon he has his legs bent ferwaad, 
Mftthe vltole leg asakes a Jciad of arch or 

ARCHlAt'OGY (arc^alcgis, L, of 
mgxuik^. Or.) a diicoarie or tieactle qf 

ARGHI^RAPBY {arebi^a^ia, L. of 
^B ^f f< « , Gr.) fecictarUhip. 

ARCH-PRIOR, the mafter of the order 
«f the ka%ht8 templars. 

A'tfBw/AR'CHlTECTURE, an art that 
teacha the conftni£Boii of ifa^, galleys, 
aad other floating vaiEels ftc the water ; 
aaihpaitB, Bolcs, ^oaka, &€, oatheibore. 

C tm tafiii ARCWmMTFVKF, k that 
wherda the projedhnes are painted either 
with Mack or white, or cofeaftd after the- 
■aaacr of aiarble j dfo called fcene work m 
the pitBtkig of cohimn^ ^c. that icem to 
isad ooi hi rdievo, ia theatres. 

ARCHITXCTURE (in P^Sivt) a fort 
•f hsaidLig, the aoembers of wmch are of dif- 
fiacat aMafiirca aad.modalci, and diounilb in 
fvoaortion to then* diflance, to make the 
beiUiap appear longer and larg^ to the view 
than JticaOyia. 

AR'CHITRAVE (of J^4, Or. chief, 
tad irshs^ L. a heaaij that part of a column 
•r Older of colamns that a above or lies lia* 
Mdntely upon the capital. It is the loweft 
«ea»bcr of thefiiae, and evcoof the whole 
*>isblatBre ; it is fappofed to leprefent the 
rnadplal betas ia tiaaber hiiildiagi. It it 
Wtes oiled the Rmfw^fitct, u ia per- 

tico'f, clo^^sss. ^c the J^fitn-pmf .f^ 
cjbuian^y^, aiyi Uj^ertJbyr^, overthe jfiQ^ of 
^ori or Jiouls of wifdows* 

:ARCHJTRAVE ^flr*.(with Architta^ 
Aich,fA h4«e an varcbitrave c^ .the ja/^il^ 
and over the dc^r, upon the cup ^gifrr^^ 
if fixaity ,or if the tcfp.^ curved on .the 

ttSi) are coipmonly an ogee, r^i^ out ^f t^ 
fojid timber, with a lift over it. 

inner contoor of jip ^ccjb 5 of afl!^ne;^,g^ 
ifilh-fflouldiagSyCmVHOS^^r-thi: faca9 q( tht 
arch ftoRci^ .and hqariag upon the in^ppi);^. 

^^APyATi'WS {firculaufi;^, )..) Jvi^f^ or 

A/^0irA'J10N.(wi(h Gfr/^<i:«)t)tQ»ir-' 
tag 0/ tiffes hy Uyccs.' - , . 
. AHCU/ATUR.E {^raua^^a, Jf.}th«^^|n. 
lag qr hsadiag of ao^^rvh* 

ARa>5NTN5S3 ^of .^iii««, ,L,) heat^ 
alfo ^tgernefsof d<^>ii?« afara)thof,a^kaL 

AR<1>ENTLY {ard^ra, 1^.^^4*iiur,4^} 
Mri;h.WAI«ith or pa^ioQ. 

.AR'J>OR, yeheaMacc^ ^nr^cg^.aama^ 

AJ<.'DUOU&N,E^S (of 4»sduif^^ hi) 

A'REA {mtkCardfners) a bed ar qjtar- 

AREA (with jfjlronomert)^ ^in^e ^kvnit IJht 
iOpon aad iaaie Aats> otherwife cai|ed'i/<f/o».L. 

AREA (ia Foruficfiuvi) the fupcri^jcial 
content of aoy rampart or Qtber lyoxlc. 

To AR£AP» to dedicate tp» t9,inlQi;gs. 

ARENA'CSOUS (aren^efts, L.) .fysi^j, 

AR£'tURY(iSrar4»7irr, L.)ofBrheiQag^ 
ing to (and or gravel. 

ARBNA'TION (with PbjJUiaai) a fort of 
dry bath, when the patient iiu with his feet 
apon hot faad. 

AREOM'E.TER (of «'«f, the air, asMi 
fMl§im, Gr.-tOBaeafureVanioArumentufiially 
made of fine thin glais, which having had as 
much runotQg4)HMJelllverptttantoit, asAvill 
fcrve to keep it np-oght, is fealed npatthe 
top ; io that the ftem or neck bring dividsd 
into, degrees, the beavineisor 4gbtners,ofany 
U^uor may be found by the yeilels (inkiaf 
more or leis Into it. 

ARETOL'OGY (of m(^, virtue, and 
Uym, Or. to difcourfe) £at part of moral 
pbilofophy that treats of vktoe, its nature, 
and means of arriving at tt» 

ARGENT' ofargentum, Lr) filver, F. 

AR'G£NT alio figOA^es^avs^aa, chaf- 
dty; in timpid, virginity {•i|a?^j«i,JBfticej 
and In ^he rich^ humility. -^'^^ 

ARQENTA'TION, gUding,^^*. with 
lilver, L. 

ARQEKTrNUS (aaiqpg the ^l>mfns) 
the deity of hirer coin. 

Digitized by '^RCILL A'. 

A R 

ARGTLLA'CEOUS {argil/ateutj L. «>- 
yt\%^. Or.) of, or belonging to white day. 

To ARGUE (srgao, L.) i. To rcaron, 
to offer reafoiu. 2. To perfuade by argu- 
ment. %. To dtrpQte, with the particles 
vt'tb or agsinft before the opponent, and 
0gainfi be^re the thing oppofed. 

To ARGUE, I. To prove any thing by 
argoment. '%. To debate any queftionj at 
to arpt* a caofe. 3. To prove^ as an argu- 
ment. 4. To charge with, as a crime { 
with 0/1 

To AR'GUE A f^m (wkh Ltcigimt) h 
to prove effedia by the eaufet, L. 

To ARGUE « pofteri9ri (with Logtdtuu) 
il to prove < aofes by their effe^s, L. 

ARGUE R (from argitt) a reafoncr, a 
difpoter, a controvertift. 

ARGUMENT {argumtnlia^ L.) i. A 
fcaibo alleged for or againft atiy thing, s. 
The fobjeft of any difeourfe or writing. 3. 
The contemt cf an/ work fummed up 1^ 
vay of abftraA. 4. A controverfy. 5. It 
Jut fometimes the particle ta before the thing 
to be proved, but generally for. The beft 
moral argument to patience, in my opinion^ it 
th» advantage of patience itfelf. TiJioffit^, 

Thif, before revelation had enlightened 
the world, was the very beft argument for 
a future ftate. ^//^^«r^*sSexinuns. 

6. (in AJironomy) an arch by which we 
ieek another unknown arch, proportional to 
the firft. Cbatrhert, 

AR'GUMENT (with Paifiters, Sec) the 
perfont reprefented in a landikip, in contra- 
diction to the country or proipdt. 
- ARGUMENT AL (from argument) be- 
longing to argument, rcafoning. 

AIU>UMENTAT10N (from argument) 
teafeoug $ the a£l of reafoning. Argument 
toiion is that operation of the mind, whereby 
we infer one propofitton fiom two or more 
propo6tions premifed. Or it is the drawing 
a condufion, which before was unknown, or 
doubtful, from fome propofitions more known 
and evkient ^ fo^ when we have joiiged chat 
matter cannot 'tbink^ and that the mind of 
fiian doth think, we conclude, that therefore 
the mind of man is not matter* Watts' i Logick . 

ARGUMENTATIVE (from argument) 
ConliittDg cf argumenty comaining argument. 

mentari, L.) convincingnefs by vrtyhf argu. 

ARGUVENrrATlVELY (of argument 
turn, L.) by way of argument. ^ 

,^GUTATION from arguo, L.> a 
proving by argument'^ a difputing for and 

ARGUTE [argute, Ital. ar^tus, L.) i« 
Sabtilr, witty, iharp. 2. Shrill. " 

ARID {aridus, L.) dry, parched up. 

ARIDITY (from arid) 1. Drynefs. 
a. biccity. Salt Uken in great quantities 
wiJ reduce aa animal body to the grcattft 

A R 

extremity ofur/V/r^, of drynels. Arhttb. on 

AR'GUS, having a head full of eyei (We*> 
roglfpbicaily) feprefents, this great worldj 
becaufe 'the eyes of oar cfeator afef ever^ 
where, and of a!l things do, at it were^ taka 
notice, and are witncfTcs of our behavioar. 

ARGYRFTIS (o Avy((nt, Or. J the fcvm 
or foam which fifes firom fihrer or lead, that 
is mfart vi'Tth filver in the refining furnace. 

ARGYROLVTHOS (of ifjvJpiov, fil- 
ver, and Xc9^, a ftotte) Ulk, a fort of ml- 

ARGYROPE'A {of i^^m, and «mm. 
Or. to make) the art of making filver. 

«A'R1ANISM, the principles and doOrisiea 
of Ariwiy a hentick ia the beginning of the 
fbanh century ; he taught that ChrHI or tha 
foo, was not Cod confubiHntia! with the ft« 
ther ; but the firft of created beings, ^r. 

A'RIES, 8 ram, L. 

ARIES (in AJhmumy) the firft fign of 
the aodiack, which the fun enters in the 
beginniag of Marcb ; it is defciibed on globes 
by the figure of a ram, and ia a coaiceUa-' 
tion of 19 furs, and u commonly 4xpnfled hf 
thischataAer Y. 

To ARIE'TATE (of artetatvm, L.) t0 
puih or butt like a ram. 

ARIGHT (from a and rifrbt) j. Rightly, 
without mental error, a. Rightly, without 
crime. 3. Rightly, without Tailing of the 
end defigned. 

To ARISE, arcfe, mrifen ; (irom s and 
ri/r) I. To mount upwards, as the Sva, 
a. To get up, as firom deep, orirom'reft* 
3* To come into view, as from obCcority* 
4* To revive firom death. 5. To proceed^ 
or have itt original. 6. To enter upon a 
new ftatioa. 7. To commence hoicUity* 
For the various fenfes of this word, fee rijg, 

ARlSTirSROUS {ariftifer, L.) bcarii^ 
ears of corn. 

eratifue, F. arifiocratieus, L. of dftc^Kfaltnifp 
of afif-o( the beft, and af«7#*, dominion. Or.) 
the being ariitocratical, or governed by the 
nobility. • 

ARISTOTS'LIAN, of or pettaking t» 

ARISTOTE'LIANISM, Ariftvtle'% pU- 
lofophy, or the dogmata and opinions of that 
philofopher, which are contained in his four 
books D€ Crnlo, and hisdght books ofFhJfcksm- 

ARUSTOTEXIANS, a ied of pbUofo- 
phers following Arififftle ^ otherwife ■ railed 

ARITH'METICK {ars artthmetica^ L* 
of myfUliwi, Gr.) a fdence which teacbea 
the art of counting by number, and ihewa 
all the powers and properties of numbera, (^€» 

Iheoricai ABLlTHMhTlCK, istbefcience 
of the properties, relations, &<» of numbcxa 
confidered abfira^ly, with iha reafbnt and de« 
eomiiuuMtt of the fetcrai ralct< 

^ 1 FrMted 

Digitized by V3OOQ IC 

A R 

PMKmI ARITHBffETICK, ii the art 
«f osflipiitiiig ; that «, from certain num- 
Un given of finding certain othe»> whoft 
idatioa to the karmtx is known. 

L^nrntms/ AJLITHMBTICK, is that 
vliRe the common rales are performed by the 
jMUi of oflnimentB contrived far calie and 
difpafech, ZMlldfiersBmety Ac. 

lifam^aKrictf/ARlTHMETICK, is 
that which is performed by tables of loga- 

A R 

Nwrnmrni AKITHMCTICK, is that 
vlich fives the calculus of aonben^ or in. 
dctcf ina te ^aniitics, by the common nu- 

%Ms ARlTHMETICKy^is that Which 
pits the cakttlus of qoantities, by Hfinglettcn 
iC the alphabet milead of figores. , 

ftcsib/ ARiTHMlTlCK k that which 
IS ptifermcd by a ferics of ten cbara^befB, 
lilbit the prognrffion is irom ten to ten. 

BjgHt AJtITHMETlCK> is that where 
•iS|tnofifares I aodoarenfiid. 

famBk AHITHMETICfC, is that 
w k s dttC B l y the figures i, a, 3, are uied. 

r«%«r ARITHMETICK, is that which 
h CMistif a m a bo itt integenand vulgar fractions. 

S€iufefSmgi ARITHMETKIK, is that 
which peoceeds by fixtiesy or the dodrineof 
sesagSBflsaf wacboDSy 

Xbenwl ARITHMETICK, is the doc- 
trias of decimal fra£Hons. 

Mrobe/ ARITHMETICK. is the apply- 
sigof arithmctick t» political fubjcAs, as the 
AMBfthaadfrveiwesof kings, births, burials, 
Ae ■ember of inhabitants, &c, 

A&ITflftCITICK o/hjlnittt, b the me- 
thsd of fiimmfaig »p a feries of nvinbers, con- 
filaag of IsAiitte terais, or of finding the 

Imv S wSMOr* 

AUI (eapm, eofim, Aer.) 1. The limb 
fhst seeches from the hand to the ihoulder. 
s* The boofh of a tree. 3. An inlet of wa- 
•B fioB tbe fiea. 4. Power; might. In 
this feafie ia nfed the fieular anni IBrc. 

Te ARM («rar«, L.) i. T^ farniih 
wiA acmoer of defence, or weapons of offence, 
ft. To plate with any thmg that may add 
fcsfthi 3* To fnrnUh $ to fit i|p ) a* to 
em a hiedftone, a to cafe it with iron« 

T» ARM, i» To take^^M. s. To pro- 

ARICADA (Span, a fleet of war} an ar- 
Mmeet fisr ftm ; a fiect of war. It is fre- 
fiCBdy trroaaottfly fpelt amuub. 

ARM (with Gtu^nert) is nfed Ibra branch, 
in peaking of OBcnmbers, melons, &c. 

To ARM (ie the MoHage) is faid of a 
hnfe when he eodcafouis todefend himfeif a- 
pmfi the bit, to prevent obeying or bdng 
■sElnd by it. 
\ ARM (with Giim^rf) a bnnch of a fea 

A^AMENT {Brmamtrnvm^ L.) a force 
^¥wlk im «»4 feneraUy uM of a naval 



an armory, magasine, arlcnal. 

ARMATURE (drmatura, L.) armooTt 
Ibmething to defend the body from hurt. 

ARMED (in HtraUry) is nfed in refped 
of beafts and birds of prey^ when their teeth, 
horns, feet, beak, talons, or toiks, are of 
a diflFerent colour from the reft j as he beart 
a cocky or a falcon armed, Or. 

AR MENTAL 7 {armiiHaSs, or 4nw»* 

ARMENTINE 5 frmr, L.) belonging to 
a drove or herd of cattle. 

ARMENTOSE {tarmmttfits, L.) aboend* 
ing with cattle. 

ARMrCBROUS [smigtr, L.) a beatfai| 
arms or weapons. 

ARMILLAR (wrmilUtrh^ U) of or like t 
hoop or ring. 

ARMIL^ARY Sphift^WnAnen thegi«ater 
and lefler circles of die (jphere being made of 
6r«/«, xoc9d,p€^«'hoerdf &e. are put together 
in their natural order, and placed in a frame^ 
fo as to reprefent the true pofitionafld motiOtt 
of thofe circles^ 

ARMILLATED (armiJatui, L.) wtarh^ 

ARMIFOTENCE (srmipMmia,L.) pelf, 
fance at arms. 

ARMtET, a little arm, as of the fit, 

AR'MOMANCY (of armus, L. a ^boiiU 
der, and fUL^tUy Gr. divination) divhiatka 
by ihoulders of beafts. 

ARMO'NIACK 7 • Tort of volatile fiJt» 

AMMCVNIACK 5 of which then an 
two forts, ancient and modtai. 

Folatile Sait ARMONI ACR, Is made by 
fttbJiming it with fait of tarur. 

Fhvfers •fSal ARMONIACK, ate nado 
of it with feft fait decrepitated. 

Aft'MORIST (with Heratds) % perfott 
wen fidUed in the knowledge of armory or 
coats of arms. 

Coat AR'MOtJR> there being as !t were» 
a kind of fympathy between the arms and 
the pcHbns to whom they belong, he who 
ufes or bears the arms of any peifon, that do 
not of right belong to him, fc^ to a^Jit 
the perfon of the bearer. ^% . 

ARMOR 7 (in Law) ^ thhig that 

ARMOUR 5 a man eithlir ^eais for hit 
defence, or that he takes into his hand lA 
his ftiry or rsge to ftrike or throw at another* 

^^^ W l TheAR'MOURBRS 

^9fin«9 ^^^ incorporated in. the 

qSVir Q^ beginning of the regin of 
Henry VI. the king him- 
felf being pleafed to be free 
of their company, their 
arms argent on a chevron 
gmies, a gantlet between 
four fwords in faltire* on a chktJaSk a buck- 
ler argent, charged with a croft guiet, betwixt 
two helmets of the firft. Their crsft is a 
man demi-armed at aU points, formountinf 
Q *' a torce 

A R 

i toroe and helmet. Their motta^ MM all 


ARMOURY, a branch of heraldry, be- 
ing the knowledge of coat armoor, as to 
their blasons and various intendmeatt 

avibTQ ^ ^ Couriefjf 7 thofe arms ancient- 

/ ef Parade £ ty ^^^ »« j«fts *^^ 

tournaments, ai fwords without either edge 

or point, and fometiroes wooden fwords, and 

alfo canes $ lances not Aod, &fr. 

Pafs of ARMS (among the ancitnt Cava- 
lUri) a kind of combat (o named. 

ARMS (in Heraldry) fo named becaufe 
they are borne chiefly on the buckler, cuirafs, 
hanners, &c, are ufed for marks of dignity 
and honour, being compofed regularly of cer- 
tain figures and colours given or autborked 
by fovereign princes to be borne in coats, 
ihields, banners, &c. for the diftindion of 
perfons, families and ftates. 
. Charged ARMS (in Heraldry) are fuch as 
retain their ancient integrity, with the addi- 
tion of fomc new honourable charge or bearing. 

Jmire 1 ^T> «,« C (in Hera/dry) are fuch 

Fall S I a« »«»»« »!>«' r"»ni- 

tive purity, integrity, and value, without 
any alterations, diminiitif»ns or abatements. 

rocal ARMS (in Hertldry) fuch wherein 
the figures bear an alluiion to the name of 
the family. 

AROMATICAL (from armatick) fpicy, 
fragrant, high fcented. 

AROMATICK (from arema, L. fpice) 
jk Spicy. 2. Fragrant, flrong fcented. 

AROMATICKS, fpices. 

AROMATi:&ATION (from aromatixe^ 
The mingling of a dde proportion of arowtf//V;( 
ipices or drugs with any medicine. 

To AROMATIZE (from .^wa, L. 
ipke.) I. To fcent with fpices ; to iropreg- 
jiate with fpices. 2. To £rent ; to perfume. 

AROSE, the preter tenfe of the verb 
arife. See arife, 

^ AROUND (from a and rntuL) x. In a 
(Circle, a. On every fide. 
' AROUND, about. 

To AROUSE (irom a and r»ufe) 1. To 
wake from fleep. 2. To raife up; to excite. 

AROW (from a and^ row) in a rowj 
with the breaAs all bearing againfl the fame 
line ; and twenty, rank in rank, they rode 
arow. Dry den 

To ARRAIGN (arranger^ F. to fct in 
order.) i. To fet a thing in order, or in its 
place. One is faid to arraign a writ in a 
county, that fits it for trial before the juftices 
of the circuit $ a prifoner is faid UT be ar~ 
raigned, where he is indided and brought 
form to bis trial. CoweL a. To accufe j 
to charge with faults i.i generaf, as in con- 
troverfyj in a fatire. 3. It his /or before 
the fault. 

ARRAIGNMENT (from arraign) the 
a£l of arraigning ; an accufation ; a warge. 

To ARRANGE (arranger, F,} cp ppt 
&D the proper order for any purpoic. 

A R 

ARRANGEMENT (fi-om arrange) the 
iSt of patting in proper order } the ftate ci 
being put in order. 

To ARRA'Y a Panml {Law Ph^afe) it 
to rank, otder, or fet forth a jury empan- 
nelied upon a caufe. 

To quaflf an ARRAY {taw Phrafe) is to 
fet afide the pannel of the jury. 

(!;^iR{^oi»rs o/* ARRAY {of arraiatores, 
F.) certain ofiicert, whofe bufinefa it is to take 
care of the arms of the foldiery, and to ice 
that they are duly accoutered. , 

ARREAR'ANCES 7 (of arriere, F. be> 

ARREAR'S 5 bind) are the re* 

mainders of any rents or monies unpaid et 
the due time j the remainders of a debt or 

ARREAR'AGES (in Law) h the re- 
mainder of an account or a fam of money in 
the hands of an accountant. 

Saving the ARREN'TATIONS (i>w 
Phrafe) (ignifies the referving a power to grant 
licences to one, who owns land in a fbreft« to 
indofe them with a low hedge, and a little 
ditch, paying an annual rent. Fereft Lano, 

ARREST (from an-^er, F. to ftep.) i. 
Jo law. A ftop or ftay ; as, a man «ppre« 
hended for debt, is faid to be arreftcd. To 
plead in arrefi of judgment, is to ihew cnnfe 
why judgment fhould be flayed, tho* the 
verdid of the twelve be palTed. To plead in 
arrefi of ukiog the inquefb upon the former 
iiTue, is to fhew caafe why an inqueft fliouid 
not be taken. An arrefi is a certain reftraint 
of a man*s perfon, depriving him of hit own 
will, 'an4 binding it to become obedient tt> 
the will of the land, and may be called the 
beginning of imprifonment. %» Any cap- 
tion. 3. AfK>p. CoweU 

To ARREST (from arre/ler^ F. to ftop.) 

1. To feizc by a mandate from an of&oer or 
court of juftice, fee arrefi, 2. To feiae any 
thing by law. 3. To feiae ; to lay hands osu 
4. To with 'hold j to hinder, 5. To ftop 

ARRE'STS (with Farriers) mangey ho. 
moors upon the fmews of the hinder legs of 
a horfe between the ham and the paflern. 

ARRETED {arreffaiut, low Latin) he 
that is ctmvened before a judge, and charged 
with a crime. It is ufed fomecimet €af im- 
puted or laid unto, as, no folly may be ar- 
reted to one under age. , 

To ARRIDE {arrtdeo^ L») to laugh mt* 

2. To fmile ; to look picafantly upon one. 

is a general proclamat) 
fummons to the wars 
both his own vaflals, f)J 
nobility, and their vafTaJs.' 

ARRIER f^aj/al or Teitant, the vaflU or 
tenant of another vafial or tenant. 

ARRIERE FEE, a fee dependent on ibm^ 
other inferior fee. 

ARiUSlON i^urifif^ L.)i failing upon. 

Digitized by vaOv Ai^» 

le Fretieh Cufioms) 
hereby the king 
tt hold of lum ; 
^the Nohleje, or 


AKRIVAL (fioni arrkfe) the ift of com- 
hf m aay pbce ; and, figuratively, the at- 
tniaiTBt of ary pnrpole. 

ARRIVANCE (from arrive) company 

To ARRIVE (arriver^ F.) to come on 
ftore. I. To come to any place by water, 
a. Toicxh any phcc by travelling. When 
it« iRft arrived upon the verge of his eftate, 
veiopfd ata fittle inn, to reft oarfelves and 
oatborku 3. To reach any point. 4. To 
friB asry thiog* 5. The thing at which we 
airive B always fappofed to be good. 6. To 
kpa ; with to before the perfon. T^is 
fate feems not to be proper. 

AJtROGANTNBSS {arragamia, L. ) 
baniftfinrft, pride> prefomption ; feif-con. 

COL « 

ARROGATION, a claiming to ooe*s 

AR^ENICK, a ponderons minereal fub- 
ftaact, cauflick andconofive to fo great ade- 
gneaa toW poifon. It is ranked in the clafs 
^fmlfhmt, Tliere are of it diyers forts, yel - 
Jnr or native, red and cryflalline. 

NMiroe A&SENICK, is either of an orange 
«r yelloir tx&^r, and it by coloor-men and 
^nten called Orfiment^ it is found in cop- 
per BBinea ; from this fort are made the two 

One p s o pcit y of Arfemck is, that mixing a 
very Cnull portion c^ it with any other metal 
k fenders that metal friable, and immailea- 
yk\ fm which reafon the refiners fear nothing 
h Boch ai jSrfemick being mixed among any 
af their operations* 

ioQuk. in copper mines in a fort of glebes or 
AwMs ; it is found to contain a fmall portion 
« pMy bat fo little, that it will not quit 
the coft of feparating it ; it is thence called 

MM AR&ENICK, the native yellow arfe- 
ckk nbtfied by fire, cal ed RtalgaL 

l^%tf#AR^ENICiC, is drawn from the yel- 
low by fnfalimtiig it with a proportion of fea- 
(ak, CrjfmUttt^Arftnick. 

Cnptck Ort 0/ ARSENICK, it a botyravt 
Sfpar prepared «f arieaick and ^orroiive fubli- 
■ale { h is like butter of antimony. 

ARSE' NIC A L, of or pertaining to 

ARSENICAL Magnet (with C^ywi)f») fs 
a ptrpara^on of antimony with fuiphur and 
vktearibixk. • • 

ARSENOTHEi;^S(of «Wr, a male and 
S>v?, a female) an ifermaphrodlte, a beail 
abicfa is b(^ male and femsile. 

AR'SIS (^n(> of «!(«, Gr* Co lift up) the 
tiSmg the vokc in proniiociatiod« 

ART (ol Aan^ L. of A^n, vhtne, Gr. 
ir, as others lay, from amcv profit) it van - 
•-«% defined. The fcbooimen define it to be 
ikik «f the mUd operatire or efie^ive, ac- 
ORfiof u» right reafon \ or a habit of t& 

A R 

mind prefcribing rales for the produ6!:ion of 
certain effefls. Others define it a paper dif- 
pofalof the things of nature by human thought 
and experience, fo as to make them anfwer 
the defigns and ufcs of mankind j as that 
which is performed by the wit and induftry of 
man; alfo a colIe£lion of rules, inventions 
and experiments, which being obferved, give 
iticcefs to our undertakings in all manner of 
affairs ; or it is that to which belongs fucK 
things as mere reafon would not have attained 

ARTERY, a hollow fiftulous canal of a 
conical foim, whofe ufe is to receive the 
blood from the ventricles of the heart, amfdtf- 
perfe it all over the body, (or the prefervation 
of life and heat, and the conveyance of 
the neceflary nutriment. 

It is compofed of three coats ^ the firfl 
nervous being a thread of fine blood ve0els« 
for the nouriftment of the other two. 

The Jecond mufcylar, confifling of fpiral 
fibres, which have a ftroog elafticity, and 
have either many or few firata, according to 
the fi2e of the artery. 

The third and inmoft coat is a fine denle 
tnnfparant membrane, which keeps the blood 
within its channels. 

Definite ARTICLE {Grammar) the article 
{tbi) fo called, as fixing the fenfe of tile Word 
it is put before to one individual thing. 

/«^^«/>tf ARTICLE {Grammar) the arti- 
cle) {A) fo called, becaufe it is applied to 
names, taken in their more |enerai figni- 

ARTICLE (with Anatomtfit) a joint op 
jundlure of two or more bones of the body. 

ARTICLE rwith Aritbmticians) fignifies 
10, with all other whole numbers that may 
be divided exactly into jo parts, as %o, 30, 
40, 50, &c, 

ARTICLE o/faitb {Theofogy) fome point 
of chriftian doctrine, which we are obliged to 
believe, as having been revealed by God him- 
fclf, &fr. 

ARTICLE 0/ death, the laft pangs or ' 
agony of a dying perfon. 

ARTI'GULATENESS, diftinanefs. 

tmcians) all rhofe proofs and confiderationa 
that proceed from the genius, induAry or in- 
vention of the orator. 

ARTlFrcIALNESS(tfr/f/«, f.arttfici' 
ttm) artfulncfs. 

ARTIL'LERIES, warlike engines. 

ARTIL'LERY, {artiilerie, F.) the hea- 
vy eq«ifpage of war, comprehending all fort« 
of great fire arms, with what belongs to 
them, u cannons, mortarS| &r. the iame 
that is called ordnance. 

Park of ARTILLERY (in a Camp) that 
place let apart Ibr the artillery or large fire- 
arms, . 

Train of ARTILLERY, a f($ or number 

of pieces of ordnancej mounted 00 carriagea 

G % with 


with aU tbdr fwBitwre» fit tot mtrdiiiif . 

ARTILLERY, it alfo afed for what b 
ctllad Pyrtttchuim, « the art of fire-worka^ 
with all appartoiancea of it. 

ARTI-NATURAL, of or pertaioing to 
■nature imitated hf art* 

To ARTUATE (drttuitmrn, L.) to divide 
W jointf, to quarter, to difmember. 

ARUNOINA'CEOUS (tfririu6iMef»f, L.} 
of or bdoof^ to reeds. 

ARXmDINOSE {arun^mfiu, L.) feU 
t/if or abrading with reeda. 

AHUSPICE {^mjpidwm, L.) a foothfay- 
lag or divination^ by infpedion into tiie cn- 
tnils of beafta. 

AS (jA» TWtfM.) I. la the' lame manoer 
with ibmething eUe. a. In the manner that. 

?• That, in a confequential fenle. 4. 
a the ftate of another. 5. Under a par- 
ticnlar confidcration ; with a particular 
fcfpeft. 6 Like $ of the fame Jund with. 
7. la the fame degree with. 8. As if ; in 
^e fame manner, o. According to what. 
JO. At it were \ in Jome fort. 1 1«. While | 
at the fame time that. i%, Becaaie. 1 3. Aa 
heing. 14. Eqoallr. 1 5. How} in what 
manoer. i6. With ; anfwering to lilccy or 
lame. X7: In a reciprocal fenfe, anfwering 
to #f . iS. Going before aj| in a compara- 
tive fenfe $ the firft Mt being underftood. 19. 
Anfwering to/iK^. ao. Having ya toanfwer 
it, in a conditional feafe. ai. 5a is fome- 
times underftood. aa. Anfwering to/« con- 
^dooally. as* Before k«w it is fometimea 
ledondant ; hut this ia low language. a4. 
Jt feemt to be redundant before^ ; to this 
time. a5. In • fenfe of companfon followed 
\jfi* a6. As for ) with refped to. 27. 
As if y m the iame manner that it would be, 
if. a8. Attos with reipea to. %^. As 
well M I cquauy with. 30. Aa though | 
as if. 

To ASCEND {^ifitnderi^ L.) to get or 
climb \ alfo to rife or fl> upwards. 

Tbt ASCENIVANT [ifcndtm, L.) aa to 
gain thiafctttdani ofaperUnp is to obtain a 
power over him, &t, to have aa oiver-ruliog 
ar powerlal ioAuenee over a perfoa. 

ASCENDANT j:;fVw> {w^^hGelliaklifi$) 

ASCENDENT S figniaesfochieia- 
tioni aa have gone befofc us, or thofe that 
wtre or are nearer the root of the family. 

ASCENDANT (ia Arebittatir,) an or- 
in mafoary and joyncrs work« which 

hordera the three fidea 
and chimneys. It difiert according ta the 
fevcral orders of archlte£hire, viA coafiile of 
diree partly the lof, which is called the tra- 
ytrk, and the two fidei, which are called the 
aibeadants. The fame as ChamitsU 

ASCEND'INO (wich jijlrm,mir$) fignlfies. 
thoie ftaia or degrees of the heaveas;, ^€, 
which are rifing above the horiaon la aay paral- 
Id of the eqtntor. 

ASCENDING tstitttiU (4/lr^Mmx) ^ 
latitude of 1 plakiet when going tmtdt the< 



ASCENDING N^Ji {Jfirmmy) % tliaC 
point of a planct^t orbit wherein it paflaA the 
ediptick te proceed to the northward* 

ASCENDING 5/pr (^r»&|ry) ve thofe' 
figns which are opon the aiceat or rife, 6ofa 
the nadir to the senich. 

ASCENDING (by Amnomi/i) a term ap- 
plied to lixch veflels aa carry the blood wp- 
wards, or from the lower to the higher piwta 
of the body, 

ASC£N'SION> n6ng, goiag, or fettiag 
up, L. 

ASCENSION d^j i a feftival obferv«sd in 
commemoration of the day on which oor 
Savioor aficcnded into heaven, 40 days after 
Im refurreftion from the dead* ia the fight mf 
xao of his apottles and difipples. 

A8CESV rf Juids (wixh Philofipttrg) ia 
their rifing above their own level between tlin 
forfitoe of nearly cdntiguoot bodies, or in 
(lender capillary glafi tubes, &£. 

To ASCERTAIN {aurttmr, F.) I. T* 
make certain, to fix, to eflabliA. a. To 
make confident, to take away doubt } often 
wkh of, 

ASCERTAINED (from afiertmiu) dia 
perfon that proves or eftabliAet . 

ASCERTAINMENT (from nfetttmim) 
a fettled rule, an eftabllihed ftandard. 

ASCETICK (anHuim', Or.) employed 
wholly in exercifes of devotion and niortafi«> 

ASCETIC!^, he that retires to devoti(« 
and mortification ; a hermit. 

ASCII. It has no JiaguUr (from a and ^mm^ 
Gr. a fliadow) thofe people who, at certada 
times of the year, have no Aadow at noon ) 
foch are the inhabitants of the torrid none, 
becaufe they have the fun twice a year verti- 
cal to them. 

ASCITES (from a»0«, Gr. a bladder.) 
A particular fpecies of dropfy, a fwdling tJt 
the lower beUy aod depending part«» from aa 
extravafation and coUeftioa of water hrokt 
oat of its proper veflels. This cafe, when 
oertaio and inveterate, is oniver&Uy allowed 
to admit of no Gure> but by means of tha 
manual operation of tapping. Sfmney, 

There are two kinds of dropfy, the mmm, 
C9, called 9\£o ieucofUigmaij, when tlie 
travaAted matter fwims in the cells of tli«| 
nuwihrana adipoja \ and the fifcitcSy when tl^j 
water poifefres the cavity of the ' ' 
Sharp' % Sargfty, 

ASCITITIOUS (mfdMwi, L.) fUppIalj 

flAental, additional, not inherent, not orimnaL: 

ASCRIBABLE (from aftri^) that Z%Af^ 

mtrf Jbe afcribed. 

To ASCRIBE (tf/rri^o, L.) f. To n« 
bote to a caofr. 2. To attribute to as 
pefTcflbr, or fubltancc receiviag accileots, 

7 (from afdm) belongjor 
5 to an afdttti dropiicai|j 


ASCItlPllOV (Mfiriftk, U) tfc««a ©f 

ASCRIPTITIOUS {afcnfHHus, L.} tiitt 
ASH (Afffe, dkt, 2>m.) a tret w^ 

ASH O^Mf*^ uamet) at tbe beginning ge- 
wnijr ioMics tkai the name was fronn the 
dbtnef a« ^>€i^9 Afbtm, *c« See ^«. 

TaASflA^Mfi (o! famitn, StJt.) topQt 
toAmay tocaufetobe afltem^. 

ASHES (af axan^ Saar.) the terrene or 
cndij part of wood or other combuftihie 
%oiis maaining after they ire burnt. 

ASRXERING (with Bmilden) ii a name 

aaa quartering to tack to in garrete, in 
two aad a half or three feet perpendi- 
cebr to the floor, «p to tiie iniide of the 

To ASK fafeiaa. Sax,) i. To petition, 
tibeg ; fe uwtimu with an aecufttw onty '^ 
IriMeriBiri with ybr. a. To demand, to 
eUw { at to «|jS .a ^rke Ibr goodt. 3. To 
cafaoe; to queftion | withyor before the 
Aieg, and fematimet 0/ before the perfon, 

4. Toaoqaiiei with afttr before the thing. 

5. Tore^MCy as phyficaliy necefl^. 
ASK£R {hom ajk) i. PetitioQer. x.£n- 

ASKEW (from a and/bw) aiide, with 
CBHtaaipty cootemptooufly, diidainftiijy. 

To ASLA'KE (from a wnAflakt orJUek) 
Id neait, to miti^rte, to llacken. 

ASLANT (fipom a and fiam) Obliquely, 
•a one fide, not perpendicniarly. 

ASLEEP (from a and fietf) i. Sleeping, 
at Mft. 2. To fleep. 

ASLOPE (from a and j8^«) with de- 
dmty, obliqnelj, not perpndicnhrly. 

ASOMATOUS (from a prir. and 0^^, 
Or. a bodv) without a body. 

ASP, tha afpen tree, a fcbd of white 
periar, the leaves of which are fmail, and 
ilviys tmiible* 

ASP l(«ff**9 L.) a kind of forpent, 

ASPICK3whofe poi£»n is fo daogerooi 
•ad ^vkk in its operation, that it kills with- 
oat a poffibitity of applying anv remedy. It 
k &id to be very fmall, aAd pecuUar to 
iUft and Lydia* Thofe that are bitten by 
kdtt m three hoars \ and the manner of their 
Mag being by deep and lethargy^ without 
mf fiaan, Ck^pMra cfaofe it, as the eaficft 
■iy of diV^chfaig herfelf. GxAmt . 

ASPECT ['jM^vi, U) looks, the air of 
aae s roantenance* 

ASP£CT (with 4^0i^firi) k when two 
piaacts are joined with or behold each other \ 
er vhan they are p'aced at fuch a diftance 
iatheaodiack, that they (as it is fald) mu- 
taaBy help or ai&ft one another, or have their 
^wtae s or infl uences inCreaiSBd or diminiAed. 

ASPECT (with Aftrwaomtri) fignifies the 
tetfoB 0^ the fbn or planets in refpefk to 
«Rh«thcr| orcertab coaigotationt'or mn- 


teal fchtlDas between thephmateaiiSflg horn 
their fituation In the aodiack. 

Baftih ASPECTS [Aftnlogy) aie when 
planets are dilbnt jnft fuch a number of de- 
gree. «• 30, 36> 45> ^'' 

P/sr/tf ASPECTS (. " 

, , ) aw when the 

planets do not regard each r%er from tfaelh ' 
very de^ees j but tha one exceeds as muck 
as the other wants. 

ASPEN rr«. See^. 

To A6'P£RATE(tfj^a«aar,L.} tonaks 

ASPERIFOOJOUS (a^fiUmt, L.) kar^ 
log rough leaves. 

ASPER'ITY (with Phliofifhirs) the 
roo^nefs of the forfaceof any natural bodyi 
fe that fome parts of k fb'ck out fo far above 
the reft, as to hinder the finger or hand from 
paffing over it eafily and freely. 

ASPHAL'ITES (of « and al«XX», Or. I 
fupplant) the fifth Vtrttbra of the loins. 

ASS {afinut, L. apd, 8ax,) a beaft of 
burden well known. 

ASSAY, of filver and gold, k the melting 
part of a mafs or ingot in a very ihong fke, 
which being weighed before it was put into 
the coppel or melting pot, very ezaaiy and 
alfo when k comes out, the fuenefs of the 
whole k judged by thktf^jr j for what is lolb 
by this part fo tried is proportioned to the 
yihoXtf which is accordingly prollonnool 
move or leis fine 9m k loies more or left ki 

ASSAPAN'ICK, a little creature hi A^ 
meritfi, | fort of flying fqoirrel. 

ASSART (of ajarttm, L.) a tree pi^ed 
up l^ the roots. 

To ASSART (of afjrtir, F. to make 
plain, whkh Spilman derives cfexertum, F.) 
to phick op by the roots, to g^b op tree^ 
btt/hes, &c. 

ASSART Renti, rents psud to the crowa 
for lands aflfarted. 

ASS A'TION (fn Phdrmaey) the prepeiiof 
or drefling of medicaments in thek own 
juices, without the addition of any fordpi 

An ASSAS'SIN, an aflaffinator. 

ASSASSINATOR lafsffinat, F.) ana^ 

ASSASSIN'ANS, a petty governmeoit 
or body of AUhonftm thieves, or military 
knightt, who called their king the Ancient of 
the MouHioiHs^ who taught thek youth to au 
faffinatc whom they commanded ; they had 
fix cities in their pofl*eflion, and were abooc 
40000 in number, and inhabited Axtaradn 
in Swia, At the command of their chitf 
mailer, they would refufe no pain or perils 
but ftab any prince he commanded them* 
They were fubdoed, and thek king put to 
death by the Cibaat of Tartary, Ann, 1257. 
Hence thofe that are read^ to esccate Uood^ 
defigas arc ^alkd AJkfnt^ 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 


To go ASSAULT, to grow prood, •» 

latches do. 

ASSEM'BLAGE, an uniting or joining 
of tilings together, or the things fo united 
or joined. F. 

ASSEMBLES (in Heralds) a daftail or 
more to hold the two parts of the efcutcheon 
together, where the partion line ii, being 
counter^changed, fome of the metal and 
fyme qf the colour of the e(cutchcon. F. 

ASSEM'BLY [affmbUe, F.) a concoarfe 
or meeting together of people. 

Unlawful ASSEMBLY (in a Lat9 Senfe) 
is the meeting together of three or more per- 
/OBS for the committing of an unlawful siGt 
altbo" they donotcffedi it. 

ASSEMBLY (with Military Men) is a 
particular beat of the- drum or found of the 
trumpet, and is ai order for the foldiers to 
repair to their colours. 

ASSEMBLY (with the Beau mondc) a 
fiated and general meeting of perfons of both 
fexes, for con verfat/on, gaming, gallantry, &c. 

jieiual ASSEN'T is a judgment whereby 
the mind peiccives a thing to be true. 

Habitual ASSENT', confifts of certain 
habits induced in the mind by repeated arts. 

ASSENT A'TORY {ajjintatorius, L.) be- 
longing to a flatterer or flaitery. 

ASSER^TION (with Scbolafiicks) a pro. 
pofition which is advanced, which the ad- 
vancer avows to be true, and is ready to 
snaintaln in publick. 

AS^ES'SION, a fitting down, at, or by, 
or together $ an ailifting. 

ASSES'SOR (ajfejfeur^ F.) one who fits by 
9nd afliils another in office and authority \ a 
judge lateral or afliftant j alfo one who makes 
the aiTefTmcnt or rate for the payment of 
public Ic taxes ; alfo an officer in the preibyte- 
rian afTcmblies. L. 

ASSES'SORY {ajfejforius, L.) belonging 
to affiflance $ fitting at, or by. 

J{m/ AS'SETS (in Law) are where a man 
dies poiTcfTed of lands in fee fimple. 

Perfanal ASSETS (in Law) are where a 
xnan dies pofTelTed of any perfonal eftate. 

ASSETS per Dejcent (in Law) are when 
% man enters into bonds, and dies feized of 
lands in fee fimple, which defcend to his 
heirs, and are therefore charg^ble as afifets 
in his hands. 

ASSETS entrf mains (in Law) is when a 
man dies indebted, leaving to his execoton 
fufficient wherewith to diTcharge his debts 
and legacies. F. 

ASSEV'ER {ajpveratam, L.) to avouch, 
to affirm boldiy, to avow, to aflure. 

To ASSIGN fPaJfe (Law phrafe) is to 
ibcw efpcciaUy wherein the wafte is cum<- 

ASSIGN' ABLE (of afi^ncr, F-) that 
'»ay be aflfigned. 



ASSIMILATION, an id hereby things 

are rendered fimiiar or like to one anoches. 

ASSI'ZE 7 a writ direacd to the flwriiT 

ASSI'SG 5 ibr the recoverv of pofleflioQ 
of things immoveable, of which a man*s fdf 
or anceftors have been dififeifed. 

ASSIZE (of Bread, AUy ftc) % ftatut« 
or ordiaance relating to the price, weight, 
meafure, or order of feveral commodities { 
alfo the meafure or quantity itfelf ; that it 
it faid, when wheat, &c. is of fuch a piice. 
the bread fhall be of fuch aflise. 

ASSIZE (in Law) a fourfold writ for the 
recovering of lands, cenementt, &c. of which 
one has been difpofTelTed \ alfo the jury fum- 
moned upon fuch writs. 

To ASSIZE {oiajfifr, F.) to adjuft weighu 
and meafures. 

ASSIZES, were originally ufed finr extra* 
ordiary fitting of fuperwr judges in inferior 
courts depending on thdr jurifdi^Hon, to en- 
quire whether fubaltem judges and officers 
did their duty. 

Special A^SlZJLf a particubr commiffio* 
granted to ieveral perfons, to take cof^ixance 
of fome one or two cafes, as a difleisin, or 
the like. 

Clerk of the ASSIZE, an officer of the 
court who fets down all things iudidarily done 
by the juilices of the affize in their circuits. 

ASSOCIABLE (ajfociabilts, L.) that 
which may be joined to another ; fodable. 

To ASSOCIATE (figocier^ F, ^ociare^ 
L.) I. To unite with one another as a confede* 
rate. %» To adopt as a friend upon equal 
terms. 3. To accompany, to keep compaAy 
with one another. 4. It has generally the 
particle witb\ as, he ajoa'aied with his 
mafter*s enemies. 

ASSOCIATE (from the verb) coofede* 
rate, joined in intereft or purpofe. 

ASSOCIATE (from the verb) i. A per- 
fbn joined with another ; a partner, a. A 
confederate. 3. A companion { implying 
fome kind of equality* 

ASSOCIATION (from fl^iVi/*) i.Uni- 
on, conjun£Uon, fociety. a. Confederacy, 
Union for particular purpofes, 3. Partner* 
fhip. 4. Connexion; aj/ociatiin of ideas is 
of great importance, and may be of excellent 
ufe. 5. Appofition, union of matter. 

AS'SONANCE, anecchoing. 

ASSONANCE (in Rbetorick and Poetry) 
is ufed where the words of a phrafe or verle 
have the fame found and termination, and 
yet make no proper rhyme. 

AS'SONANT (aJI'onatu, L.) agreeing in 

ASSU'RANCE, the fame as Infarance, 

Po/iey of A SSXJK A tiCE, is a contraa 
whenby one or more per/bns oblige them- 
felves to make good any damages that goods, 
a houfe, fhip, &c, may fuftain fay fire, the 
Tea, or«piratcs. 

Digitized by Google ^S- 


A^I7'Jt£R, a perfbn who affures. 

ASTE'RIAS (i^t^a^, Gr.j a precious 
Isae tittt Man like a ftar. 

ASTER rSM {icHurft,\i €^ arnf a ftar 
Or.) a csnllellation o.- cioifer of fixed ftan, 
wlidi flD globes is commooly rcprdented by 
fone fsrticoJar figure of a living creature, 
tfc. ia «ijer to the more eafily diftinguifhing 
eC iharpbces ; as Ariti^ the ran, 7>tfr»x 
IIk IbS, wdA the reft of the figu of the 
niudcj as alio Urfa AfaJ9riQd Urfa Minor, 
tklvo bears. 

ASTFRITES ('AT^gOnf Gr.) a precious 
isae, a kind of oval, vrhkh fparkles with 

ASTHMAT'ICAL (AT^fAaruot, Gr.) 
p a UBB i ig to ortttwiMed with an aithma j purfy. 

ASTON1SHINGNESS {ettoncment, ¥.j 
fayrisiflg Harare or qoaHtj. 

ASnUAG AL (with Arcbieeffs) a member 
mtmoA like a riog or bracelet; 
ftrvisvasan ommenton the tops aod at the 
booms of colnxiiiis, or a ring that incirdes 
Ac haHet, cenuoes or arthitrares of pillars, 
accBiding to the ieveral orders ; the French 
oO it T«Jb«, aad the itaiimns Twdino, 

KSrr9iKGM.{ictiya\^, Gr.) the ^/. 
trggai n alfo uied to feparate the falcia of 
theaichftrave, hi which cafe it is wrought in 
dttflets or beads and berries. It is alfo ufed 
both above and below the lifts, adjoining 
to the fquare or dye of the 

ASTRAL rear. See Solar Tear. 
ASTRA'PIAS (dc^fcuif, Gr.) a preci 
a ftaae, whofe lutire refembles flaihes of 

ASTRAmUSifr^er(of aflra the hearth 
af a 'dtamary) is where the anceftor by con- 
vcjrsMC hath fet hit heir apparent and hi. fa- 
■df 'm a hoafe m his life time. OU Records, 

ASTRIiyE 7 (of rcj\acbe. Sax,) 

ASTRAD1>LB Saftraddle, ttraddlingone 
1^ oa oae fide of an horfe, &c, and the 
«ch« OB tfc« other. 

ASTR1G^R0US(4/lr/^^, L.) bearing or 
csnyi'^ ftars* 

ASTRIN'QIHONESS {of aftrh£ens, L.) 

ASTR<yBOLAS, a precious ftone re. 
feasbiiag the eye of a fifti, taken by ibme to 
be tke.4i»rr«t. 

ASTRO'GRAPHY (of af^ a ftar and 
yf*^» Or. defcripcion^ a treaufe or phliofo- 
ybi oi 4ci cription of tnc fiars. 

ASTROKTBS (JrfoTrif, Gr.) a precious 
ftaoe, a kind of tecoUte $ alfo the ftar-ftone, 
f* mmwoA bfcanle it is fet off with little 
Mackift IVan on all fidet. 

ASTROLOGY, an art which takes its 
■fe fimn A/lrmtmy, whence aftrologers pre* 
taidbjrobfcrvations made on the afpe^s of 
l^aetat and Ij knovring their influev.ces, to 
«te «k«t to fi^i «ad fomel what iito 

-^/rftf^-tf/ASTRO'LOGY, is the art o^ ore* 
didiog natural effeds from the fears or hea- 
venly bodies j as weather, wiitdsj fiormt,'- 
Jioods, earthquakes, thunder, &c, 

ASTRON'OMY (drfiMtfxU, Gr.) a fci- 
eoce which treats concerning the heavenly 
bodies or fears j fhewing the magnitudes, order, 
and diftances of them j meafuring and (hew- 
ing their motions, the time and quantities of 
eclipfes, &c. In a more extended fenfe it U 
underfrood to fignif]^ or comprehend^he doc- 
trine of the fyfrem of the world, or theory 
of the univerfe and primary laws df nature ; 
but this feems rather a branch of Pbyficki 
than of the Mathemaficks, 

It is very ancient, having been ftudied by 
the Chaldeans near 2000 years bef >re Alexander 
took Babylon ; the clearnefs of their Hemif- 
phere giving them a very fair opportunity of 
making obfervations, which were improved^ 
by continual practice. 

From Cbaldea, it was communicated to 
the Egyptians, among whT)m Prolomy Fhtla" 
deipbus erected an academy for the ftudy and 
improvement of it j in which Hipparchus 
made a great proficiency by obfervations and 
difcoveries, calculating and foretelling cdipfet 
for'feveral ages after. 

From Egypt it came into Greece, and the 
Saracens brought a little of it out of Egypt 
upon their conquefe there, in the 8th century, 
and from thence it came into Europe, 

And Aiphonfus king of Caflile, in the 13th 
century , is faid to have fpent 400000 crowns in 
compofing more corre^ tables than had been 
before known ; at this time well known by 
the name of the Alpbonfine tables; 

About the beginning of the i6th century, 
the old exploded dodlrine of the fun's being 
the centre of the fyftem and the earth a pla- 
net moving round him, was revived by Co' 

He was ^lowM by Kfpler, and other great 
aftronomers, who alfo made very confidcrable 
difcoveries \ and efpecially Galileo, by the 
help of profpo6live glaflcs, which have fince 
been im proved into Tr/f/fff/'M of various forts, 
upon which many of the new dfcoveries 

Sir IJaac Newton has alfo done wonders, 
and there is ftiil room left for further difco- 
very, in order to compleat what has been 
begun. •"- 

ASTRONOMY, the ancients nfed to 
paint afcronomy like a goddefs with a filver 
crefcent on her forehead, clothed in an aaure 
mantle, and a watchet-fcar^ fpangled with 
golden (lars. 

ASTRONO'MICALLY {a/tronomique, F. 
of aftronomicus, L, of i^nofMOky of irl^vf and 
v^'^ the law or rule, Gr.) by Afironomy^ 

ASTRO'SE (a/frofus, L.)born under an 
unlucky planet. 

ASTRO-THEOL'OOY, a demon- 
fcration of the being and attributes of God» 

Digitized by -^ ftOOl 


firom tbe oonfideratioa of tlw beavenljr bodies. 

ASUNDER (tronbjun, iSm.) apart} fe- 
ptrately; not together. 

ASYLUM (L. from a, not, and 0vX»9t, 
Or. to pillage) a place out of which he that 
liaa fled to it, may not be ukea j a faii£luary f 
a refuge. 

ASVMMETRir (from « without, and 
^«pfii]((«, Gr. Jymmtry) i. Cortrariety to 
fynmetry^ difproportion. 2. Thia term ii 
tometifflflii ufed in matbematieksy Sot what is 
more ufually called io^ommenfurability 3 
when between two qoaotities there it no 
comn^on meafure. 

ASYMP'TOTES (i^fAwl^t^, of « pnv. 
cAr and wUm, Gr. to hU or coincide, f. d, 
that do not &U together) they are lines which 
cootinvally draw near to each other ; but if 
tiiey were continued infinitely, would never 
aneet. There arc feveral forts of thefe, as 
the conres of the conchoid or eifaU ake the 
aj^^mptotes ia conick fedbns« 

ASYMPTOTICAL (in Mathtmatickr) 
pertaining to ^n afymptote. 

ASYS'TATON (i£7v09«l0y,Gr.) repugnant 
or contradidory, &e. 

ASYST ATON (with Ltficians) a trifling 
intonfiftent ftory, that does not hang together, 
lint contrwUas itfelf. 

AT (mx, Sdx.) I. jft before a place, 
notes the nearnefs of a place ^ as, a man is 
St the houie^ before he is in it* 2. At before 
a wordy fignifying tinoe, notes the exiftence of 
die time with theevent ) the word time isibme* 
times included in tbe adje£live. 3. jSt be- 
i»re a caufual word, lign&es nearly the fame 
as with* 4.^ j4t before a fnperlative adjedtive 
'implies in the ftate, as atmift, in the ftate of 
moft perfedion, &c, 5. ylt before a pcrfon, 
is fcldom ufed otherwifo than hidicroufly j as> 
fte longed to be at him ; that is, to attack 
Jlim. 6. \^/ before afubftantiye fometimes 
£gntfies the particular cooditjon or circum- 
Hancet of the perfon as, at peace, in a ftate 
<f peace. 7. At before a fubftantive, fome- 
times marks employment or attention. 8. 
Af fometimes the iame ^% fumijbed with \ 
after the French, a» 9. At fometimes notes 
the place^ where any thing is, or z€tu to. 
Sometimes fignifies in confeqaence of. 11. 
jA marks fometimes tbe effe^ proceeding 
^m an ad* 12. At fometimes is nearly the 
£ime at in, noting fituation. i^. At fome- 
times marks the occafion, like on, 14. At 
fometimes feems to fignify in the power of, 
or obedient to. 15. At fometimes notes the 
xelation of a man to an a£Uon. j6. At fome- 
times imports the manner cf an a£lioa. 17* 
At, like tbe French chcXf means fometimes 
application to, or dependance on. li. At 
mU, in any manner, in any degtee. 

Nothing more true than what you once let 

Moil womca luve no chanaert at uU* 

A T 

' ATCHIEVEMENT (iErnO^ whkh is 
comiptljr called hatchment, » the coat of 
arms of a nobleman, gentleman, ^«. dn^ 
marfhallcd with fupporters, helmet, wraath 
and crefl, with mantles and hoods. Such aa 
are hung out on the fronts of hoofos, aitec 
the deatn of noble perfons. 

ATECH'NY {atechnfa, L. dr$x^, Gr.> 
unikilfblnefs, inartificialneis. 

ATEGAR (of ae«an, Smx. to fiing €• 
throw) a weapon, afottof faand^dart. 

AT GAZE (of ^cpan. Sax, to look vpoir) 
a gaaing;, ftaring at^ or looking eameftly. 

ATHANASFA (iQofo^U of » privaCw 
and bm»a}^, Gr. death, immortality. 

ATHEISM (frotn aiheifii it is only of 
two fyllables in poetry j the diibelief of a God. 

ATHEIST (from aH^, Gr. without 
God) one that denies the exigence of God* 

Atheifl, ufe thine eyea. 
And having yiewM the oides of the ikiei. 
Think, if thou eanft, that mattes blindlv 

Without a Goide^ il^uld frame this wond*r«M 
world. Crtedo, 

No Atheift, as fuch, can be a tme frieodL 
an affe^ionate relation, or a loyal faigea. 
Benil9y% Sermon, 

ATHEIST, mtheiJHemli denying Qod. 

ATHEISTICAL (from atheift) givea tA 
Atheifmi impioos. 

Men are atheifiicaJ, becaufo thfy act 6sSt 
vicious I and qoeftion the truth of Chiiftiaiu- 
ty, becaofe tkey hate the pradace. South. 

an atheifticai manner, 

ATHEISTICALNESS (from athtijiit^ 
the quality of hdi^ atUiftieai, 

Lord, purge out of all hearts profoneneia 
tLoA atheifticalneft, ffammead'tF^uidammitalt^ 

ATHEISTICK (from 0h^) given !• 

ATHEOUS (from a9s^. Or.) athdfBck^ 

ATHFROMA («*9ii>«/c»«, tOBdfw, pttUe 

or pap> Gr.) a fweUing contained in its owi 
coat, proceeding from a thick and toogh bu.- 
moar, like fodden barley, which neitfaar 
caufes pain, nor changes the colour of th« 
Ikin, nor yields eafily to tbe tovch, nor leaves' 
any dent when it is preiled. 

ATHLEl^ICK Crown, one appointed for 
the crowning viAofs at the publlck garnet* 

ATLANTE'AN, of or penainina to ^^ 

ATLAN'TICK Sifiert (4firoH,] dsftart 
and confteUation, called the Fleiades, or i<s* 
vcn ftars. Miltem, 

ATLaNO'IS, an ifland fpoken of by 
Flato and other writers, with extraordinary 
circumilanoes, which the controverfy among 
the modems concerning it have rendered fomont. 

AT'LAS (of «TXi;>u, Gr. to carry) tha 
firft vertebra of the neck., wlucb iwpporte 
the head* 

Digitized by Google ^'^" 


ATLASSES (la Arehitahrt) BgorH or 
faif 6guict of mea, oied inftad of colutnna 
•rpibfterty to fvpport any member of archi- 
tedne, m a balcony, ^c* 

ATMOSPHERE {'A?f(«rt*if«, of ^Jr/tc^, 
a vapovr, and t-ptuf^f « fpherc. Or.) that 
legiDa or fpace iooikI about the etrth, into 
vhkli exhaJatkxis and vapoun are raifcd, 
either by being forced op by fobterraneous 
fiic { OTy as othcra define it, an appetidage 
of oar earth, confiftins of a thin, fluid, c- 
bfiic fabTtaace called ait^ furrounding the 
tenqoeous globe, to a confiderable height. 

Bjr atmolpbere is generally underftood the 
«Me maft of ambieDt air. But more ac- 
«Haze wtHers reftrain atmofphere to that 
pnef the air next the earth, which receives 
aipdBn and ezhaUtioos, and is terminated by 
the icfri£Uon of the fan** light. 

I'he higher fpoces, altho* perhaps not 
iMj witboat air, are fuppofed to be poilef- 
Ubr a fines' fabftanee, railed JBther, and 
aittha»e called the etherial region. 

fhtmme^hert infioDatcs itfeif into all the 
ncu'ties of bodies, ind fo becomes the great 
%aBg of molk of the mutations here below, 
UgtMratimf emrtfti^nt, dijfoiutiw^ &c. 

ATMOSHERE ^CM/S^ffir bodies (accord- 
ing to Mr. Bsy^) are fffimia^ or particles of 
Butter which exhale or ftearo out from many> 
or probably all iblid, firm and confiftent bo- 
k» \ as gbfs> ftones, and metals^ which be- 
i% rubbed againft ore another fhoagly, emit 
fisfible and often oflFenfive fmells. 

AT<yCIUM (Mtwe4«», Gr.) any medica- 
ttBOt that prevents conception or birth. 

ATOM'ICAL PbHofofby, the dodlrine of 
stDBs, or the method c( accounting for the 
mga and formation of all things, firom 
the fiippolitian of atoms endued with gravity 
aad motiott^ called alio Epicvrem or Ctfrfr- 

ATONI'A (iItci^, Gr.) a want of tone 
«r teafioo, a loo&ning of the nerves and fi. 
aevt j a bSiaa% or decay of ftreogth \ infir<* 
■ity, weakneis, faintnefs. 

ani», L.) the bong alTefted with a humour 
caScd atra htlit, 

ATRA BILIS (with Fhjficiant) a fort 
ti folphureoos, earthy fait, which breeds 
in the body of animals, and is carried about 
b the blood, where caofiog an nndue fer. 
auBtatson, it pteducrs melancholy, Qfr. L. 

ATRAMENTOUS (of atramentum^ L. 
itsk} iohy, like ink. 

ATROCIOUS {asrpx, L.) cruel, barba- 

bsinaofncfs, ootrageoufoefs, cruelty. 

To ATTACH' aftrfin to one (in a FigH- 

friiwr Sffi] to lay him under an obligation, 

aai to csgage him to oae*s it\i by good of- 


ATTACB'MENT ^f PrMffge, it by 


virtve of a man's privilege to call another to 
that court, to which he himfetf belongs, and 
in refpedl wheieof he is obliged to anfwer 
fome aAion. 

ATTACK' {MilitMry Art) the general 
aflaolt or onfet diat is made to gain a poft or 
upon a body of troops. 

To ATTACK' in fgnk {MiHury term) 
is in a flege to attack b6th fides of the bau 
tion. ' 

Itegufar ATTACK, is all attack made bl 
due form according to the nslcs of art, called 
alfo Right or Droit, 

To gain a place iy right ATTACK., is to 
gain the place by formal attack and regular 
works without a general ftorm. 

ATTAIN' ABLE, that rosy be attained. 

ATTAIN'DER hy appearance (in La^) 
is either by tattle, by cwfejjpm, or by VerdiB. 

ATTAINDER by battle^ is when the 
party appealed by another rather choofes to try 
the truth by combat than by jury, and b 

ATTAINDER by ttnfejfion, is either by 
pleading guilty at the bar before the judges, 
and not putting himfelf Opon the trbl by the 
jury ; or before the Coroner in fanduary, where 
in antient time4 ho was obliged to adjure the . 

ATT AIHDI.K by defaklt 7 is when a 

ATTAINDER by outlawry J perfonflica . 
and does not appear, >f^r he has been five 
times called into the county coo it, and is at 
laft pronounced outlawed. 

ATTAINDER by rerHiff, k when the 
prifoner at the bar pleads not guilty to thd 
indictment, and b proooimced guilty by the 

ATTAIN'MENT, ah obtaining j alio * 
thing attained or gotten. 

To ATTEM'PERATE {atiempdratum, 
L.) to make fit or meet. 

ATTEN'TION of mind (with Moralffls) 
an a6t of the will, 1^ which it calls oflF the 
underfta&ding from the confideratbn of other 
obje^, and direAs it to the thing in hand. 

ATTENTION as to bearing, is the drain- 
ing the Membrana Tympami, To as to make 
it more capable of receiving founds, and' 
more prepared to catch even a weak agitation 
of the air. 

ATTENT'IVENB5S, (attention, F. of 
L.) heedful attention. ' 

ATTENUAN'TIA, attenuating medi- 
cines, 1. #. fuch as with their fharp and 
vifcons particles open the pores of the body^ 
cut the thick and vifcous humours, fo that 
they can pafs eafily through the vdTeJs. 

ATTENtrATlON, athinfiing, &e. t^e 
making any fluid thinner or left confiftent 
than it was before. F. of L. 

AT'TICK (in ArcbiteBart) the Aame 6f 
a bafis, which the modem atchitects have 
given to the Dorick pillar. 
ATTICK (io ArtbitiBure) a kind of boild-- 

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i^ wheniii then i* oo roof or comring to be 
ftea; ttfed %iAihifU, 

ATTICK Ordir (Afcbiteaun) • fort of 
fmali Older raifed upon another that is larger 
if ynj of crowning, or to finiih the building. 
. ATTICK B4jf* {A^cbiteaurt) a peculiar 
kind of tafe, uftd by ancient architeai in 
th<o/M/VA order, and by othen in the Dorick. 
. ATTICK ^ tf R»of{Arcbit€a»e) a fort 
of parapet to a terra ce, platform. &c, 
. ATTICK ewtimued (Arrhittfftire) is that 
tfhkh enoompaflef the whole pourtour of a 
building, without any interruption, follow- 
ing all jetts, the returns of thepaTillions, &:. 
- ATTICK inter^fid (Archile£lure) is that 
which is fituate between two tall ftories, and 
fometimes adorned with columni and pilafters. 
.ATTICK Sait, a delicate, poignant fort 
of wil and humour, peculiar to the Athenian 

ATTICK Mufi, all excellent one. 

ATTICK Wiintfi^ OAo incapable of being 

ATTfRB (with Bst^jflt) the third part 
belooguig to the (iowtt of a plant, of which 
tlictwo former are the empalement and the 
Ibliationi and is called cither Jhrid or fmi' 

florid ATTIRE {Botany) is commonly 
called thrumi^ as in the ffowers of Mari- 
gpldt, Tanjey, &c Thefe Ttrumt Dr. Grew 
calls SuiUt which confift of the two, but 
tBoft commonly of three pieces j the outer 
parts of the fuit is. the Ftortty the body of 
which is divided at the top like the Ofwflip 
iiower into five parts or diftinft leaves. 

Semiform ATTIRE (Botanyythis confifts 
of two parts, i. e, the chives (which by 
fome are called Stamina) and Semttt or jffices, 
one upon each attire. 

ATTIRE (with Sfortfmtft) the branchmg 
Komi of a buck. 

ATTITUDES (In Paintings Statuary, 
tcQ') the poftureof a figure or Aatue ; or the 
difpufuion «.f its parts, by which we difcover 
the at^ion it is engaged ia, and the very fenti- 
tnent fuppofed to be in its mind. 

ATTOR'NEY General {of xht King) ont 
who manages all law affain of the crown, ei- 
ther in criminal profecutions or othen/^'iie ; 
cipecially in matters of treafon, fedition, ^c. 

ATTORNI'SHIP, procuration j alfo the 
office "f an attorney. 

ATTORN'MENT 7 (in Lmo) is when 

ATTURVMENT I the tenant attourns 
to or acknowledges a new lord ; or it is a 
tzansforring thole duties he owed to his former 
lord to anothx r. 

ATTRACTION (in Meebanidt) the afl 
of a moving power, whereby a moveable is 
brought nearer to the mover. The power 
Oppofite to AmgEihn is called Refulfion, 

ATTRACiPiVE Force (in Pbx^ch) is 
a natural power inherent in certain bodies, 
whereby they a£t on other diaant bodies. 

A T 

and draw them towards themfelves. This 
by Penpatiticks is called the Meiion cf j^t^ 
trmHioHy and fometimes Suaion, But modern 
phllofophers do generaUy explode the notion 
of attrailior, afferting that a body cannot a€fc 
where it is not, and that all motion is perfortti« 
ed by mere impolfirkn. 

ATTRACTIVE Power (aceordkig to Sir 
Ifaae Newton) is a power or pHncipIe where- 
by all bodies and the particles of all bodies mu- 
tually tend towards each other. Or jtttraaiom 
is the efiTeA of fuch power whereby every par- 
ticle of matter tends towards every other 

ATTRACTIVENESS {ofattraaif, F. 
of attraaixfus, L.) the drawing or anra&fasg 

ATO-RAHENTS (in Pbyfick) attraning 
or drawing medicines, fuch as by their minute 
particles open the pores of the body, fo as ta 
dlfperfe the humours, caofe the parts to draw 
bliften in the fkiiiy L. 

ATTRIBUTE {attriSutumofattriino, L.) 
a property which agrees to fome perfon or 
thing } or a quality which determines fome* 
thing to be after a certain manner. 

ATTRIBUTE, a property befonging to,or 
peculiar to fome perfon or thing, by which he . 
is capable of performing certain ads ; or in a 
more extended fenfe is common to all things 
of a like kind, altho' different in quantity or 
extent ; as to kno^v and to tJtink is a property 
common both to 0<x! and man ; but is very < 
different in extent j that o* God being to 
know all things and pcrfeaiy too, and ours 
being to know but few things, and thofe ^o 

ATTRIBUTES (with Divines) certain 

properties of glorious excellencies, afcribed to 

God, to render us the more capable to conceive 

"of him, as that he It Eternal, infinitely mje. 

Goody Almighty, Sec. 

ATTRIBUTE (with Logiciani) an epithet 
given to a- y fubjcft, or it is any predicate 
thereof; or whatever may be affirmed or de- 
nied of any thing, 

Pojtiie ATTRIBUTE, fuch as gives » 
thing fomewhat, as when we fay of maa» 
that he is animate. 

Negative ATTRIBUTE, that which de- 
nies cr takes away foroewhar, as when we 
fay of a ftone, that it is inanimate, 

ConMcn ATTRIBUTE, is that which- 
agrees to I'everal different things* as animal. 

Prefer ATTRIBUTE, foch as agrees t» 
one kind only, as Beafon to mankind. 

ATTRIBUTES connmtnieabUof Got 
(with Dit'.'nis) be'onging to the divine facul- 
ties of adding, are Power and Dominion, 

ATTRIBUTES cmmumcahU of Cod 
(bck>nging to the divine will; are Jufitee, 
Geodnffs, Fttftbfulnefs, 

ATTRIBUTES eommtmiaMeo£QttA (be* 
longing to the di^'inc pnderftandipgj ait Ijkv- 
ledg/, irifdfm, Providnua^ ' 

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A V 

ATT&IBUTBS imamm::iugable of God| 
■e Smfhaty^ UnUy^ Jmmata^Jitj, Ufi* 

ATTRIBUTES (in Patming and ^(«^- 
OM) arc fymbob aiided to fcvenl figures to 
iatinute that partinlar office aod duraders 
aa aa eagle tt> y matter ^ a peacok to ^wm, a 
caduffM to Mertmry^ a duk to HercuUi^ and 
« ^n to FiStn. 

ATTAIT£N£SS(of#</nfaf, L.) the be- 
»{ math worn. 

ATTHrTION (whh /)/W««) afonow or 
itgret :or having offeadcd God, arifing from 
^ Icnic of the odiouihcfi of fin, and the ap- 
of having ioctiricd the lofa of 

kBTeaaiidpoaiAmcat ; or, aa others define 
k, the lowdl degree of rvpentance^ a ifight 
rd impeifeA forrow for fin. 

ATTRITION (ia PMefoffy) a Tritwrt 
er Frt&'em, fuch » motion of bodies againft 
«ae aaotfcer, aa fliikea off fome fuperficial 
predes, whereby they become lefs and 

ToAVAlX (of tf^and vaUre, L. va&ir, 
f.} ta be profiublcj fiuviceable^ or advan- 

AVAIL'ABLENESS {afvaUir, F. of ad 
aaivaitre, L.) co.^ticivencis, &c. 

AVANT, be ore, forward. 

AVARrciOUSMESS, covetuoufnefs. 

AUCTIOS', an increafing, L, 

AUCTORATION, a bin^iog one's ftlf 
aa spfaendce or Servant^ L. 

AUDIBLENESS {oS auHtbilii, L.) capa- 
Ucnris of being heaid. 

AUDIENCE {inPolit. Aftirt) the cert- 
Bwoies pradiiied at court at the admitting 
afibaCaiofi and publick miniflers to a bear- 

ACTDIEN'TES 7 Catechumens^orperfona 

AUDITCTRES S a^iy inftmaed in the 
■yfleriet of the chi^ian religiaa^ and not yet 
liaurtei to he bapcitcd. 

T« AU'DIT an Atc^nt^ to exainine it. 

AUOrrtOV, hearing, L. 

AUDITOR (in Law) an officer of the 
kb| or feme other great perfon, who yearly 
ciatBiaes the accounts of under officers, ac- 
ce«aub>, and makes op a general book, 
«ith the £ffercnce between their receipts and 
ckngea, and their alkcations or allovj^nces j 
tUb aa ailowince paid by each merchant, ae- 
csrfag to his cargo, to a mailer of a (hip 
spoa fecial occa&na when ht faffers da- 

T# ATENKvE (Mfiigo', F.) to takcven- 
fntce en an effiender. 

AVER Lsnd, fuch land as the tenant did 
|Wgh and manure, cum svernsfkt\ ht the 
kCe of a nmnaftrf y or the lord of the (oil. 

AVIERACE (inGsnaisa Lavf) that fer- 
^ v^ch the tenant owes the lord to be 
^ faaU by horles or carriages* 

ATtRAOE (with Htt/hanJmen) paftnre 
•Mrfarcatt!e, efpecially the £^if^9 W 
pik tls*r mowing or reaping. 

A V 

AVEHIA (of Mwtr, F. fe bav^ waver, 
cattle! in law 6gniiiea oxen and horfes for the 
plough } alfo fomctifflcs any cattle or per- 
fonal ettace, u Catella, all goods and chat- 

AVERAGE {itiN»vig4iiomtAC9mmertt) 
ftgnifics the damage which the veflel or the 
goods, or loadhig of it fuftains, iiom the 
time of its departare to its return : and a^ 
the charge or contrlbutiOnB towatds defray- 
ing fuch damages { alio the quota or propov* 
tion which each merchant or proprietor In 
the fliip or loading, is adjudged upona reaioft- 
able eftimation to contribute to a common 
avtragt \ alfo a fmall duty, which thefe mer- 
chants wiio fend goods in another man*s Aip» 
pay to the mailer for his care of them over 
and above the freight. 
AVERDUPOFSE. Set jivtirdmpoifi, 
AVER'MENT, an affertion of a thing to 
be true, an affi-ming, &c, 

Gemersl AVER'MENT (in Law) h the 
condnfion of every plea to the writ, or la 
bar of, replicatioos or other pleadings. 

P4rticu/ar AVERMENT (in Lmv) ia 
when the life of a tenant for life, or a tenant 
in tail is averred ; and the •verment contain! 
as well the matter as the form. 

AVER'NI (with andtmt Nstur0/{Jh)Uktt, 
grottoes, and other places which inicdl the 
air with poiibnoos ftams and vapours* 

A V£RRUNCATION(from avemncaU) 
the Ut of routing ^p any thing. 

To AVERRUNCATE (ovtrrMnco, L.) 
to root up ; to tear up by the roots* 

AVERSATION (from averfor, LA u 
Hatred ; abhorrence 5 turning away with de- 
teilation. x. It is moil properly ufed with 
from before the objed^ of hate. 3. Somcr 
times with tt, leis properly. 4. Sometimes 
very improperly with towards, 

AVERSE (adver/Mi, h.) x. Malign; 
not favcorable. ». Not pleaied with | un- 
willing to ; having fuch a hatred as to turn 
away. 3. It has moil properly ,^«m, before 
the olijeA of averiion. 4. Very frequently 
but improperly to, 

AVERSELY (from averje.) z. Unwilliog- 
ly. 2* Backwardly. 

AVERSENESS (from averfe) unwilling. 
nefs| backwardnefs. 

AVERSION (awrfco, L.) i. Hatred | 
diflike ; deteflation i fuch as turns away iirom 
the obje£l. 2. It is ufed moil properly with 
frem^ before the objeA of hate. 3. Some* 
times leis properly, vrith to. 4. Sooedmet 
^ith/or. 5. Sometimes very improperly with 
towards, €, The cauie of averjm. 

To AVERT (averto, L.) 1. To torn 
afide J to turn off. ». To put by u a oOa. 

. To AVER'T (avertert, L.) to tnin away 
from, to drive or keep back. 

To AUGMENT {aiigmeator, F.) totn- 
creafe; to make bigger, oimore^ 

H a Digitized by LjOOgi^ 


To AUCMENT, to eocitafe s to grow 

AUGMEliT (sugmiMtum, L.) z. Encxtafe. 
Xi State of encreife. 

AUGMENTATION (from augment) i. 
The *A of encreaiing or making Digger, a. 
The ftare of being made bigger. 3. The 
thing added, bf which another is made big- 

erected by king Huny VIII. for tHe encreafe 
of the revenaes of hit crown, by the fuppref- 
fion of moaafteriet. 

AUGULAR {amgm/aris, !«.} of or belong- 
ing to an augur or foothfayer. 

To AUGU'RE {augurare^ L.) to predia, 
to conjcdure or. gueft . 

AUGURY, in a reftrained fenfe, is ufed to 
figniiy only the pretended art of divinatton, 
or foretelling future events by the flying, fing- 
ing, &c, of birds | but in the general tod 
SBorc common received fenfe, it is ofcd of' 
any kind of divination, or foretdling fu- 
ture things, either by birds or other animals, 
the elements, the heavens, water, &t» and 
thus ufed it takes in aflroicgy, magick, pal- 
niiftry, &c, 

AUGUST, the eighth month in the year, 
|B> called from the emperor, who having con- 
quered Egy^t And put an end to the civil 
war, entered that month into his fecond con- 

AUGUST, majeftick, royal, great, or 
pertaining to isajefty, royalty, greatoefs, &€> 
this title was 6rrt given to Ofiavius Cajar by 
4he Roman fenate, when they conferred the 
foverdgn power on him. 

AUGUST'NESS (of augufie, F. auguftus, 
Jj.) royalnefs, majefticknefs, venerablenefs. 

AVl'SO, advice, intelligence or advertife- 
ment of fometbing to be made known. 

A'VITOUS {avitut^ L.) that which came 
to u» by our anceftor; j anpient, of long ftand- 

AUK'WARD (aepijib. Sax.) untoward 
cr unhandy. 

AUK'WARDNESS (of uEpepb, Sax.) 
nnhandinefs, &c. 

AU'MONER, a diftributor of aim?, an 

TWVOCATE (avote, U) to call off" 
ftnllfMinefi ) to call away. 

A^CATION (from avocoTe) i. The 
t£t of calling afide. 2. The bu£nef« that 
cails $ or the cah that^fummons awav. 

To AI^ID (vufder, F.) i. Toflion^ 
to cfcape* 2. To endeavour to ibiio. 3. To 
evacuate ; to quit. 4. To oppofe j to hin- 
acr cffe&. 

To AVOID, I. To retire. 2. To become 
void or vacant. 

AVOIDABLE rfrom aveiJ.) that which 
may be avoided, Hiunned, or efcaped. 

AVOIDANCE (from awid, ) 1, The 
aft of 2. The courfe by whiih 
any thing is cftiried off. 

A U 

AVOIDER (from avout) x. The puUm 
that avoids or fliuns any thing* 2. The per- 
fon that carries any thmg away. 3. Tke 
veflel in which thingt are carried away. 

AVOIDLESS rfiom avm'd) inevitable; 
that which caqnotbe avoided* 

AVOID^ANCE (in FaB) k by the death 
of the incumbent. 

AVpiDANCE (in Law) may be Ir 
felfioo, plurality, deprivation, defigoation, 

AVOIR DU' POTS (in Law) foch mcr- 
chandises as are weighed by this weighty and 
not by Troy weight. . 

To AVOW (^avouer, F ) to own, con- 
fefs or acknowledge, to grant. 

AVOWEE' 7 (JL^xw term) he to whom 

ADVOWEE'S the right of advewfon mf 
any church belongs, fo that he may preient 
thereto in his own name ; and is difttngu3lh>d 
from thofe who preient in another's nafBo, 
as a guardian for his ward, &c. 

A VOW'S AL, a confefiion. 

AURFLIA (with NaturaHJit) the firft 
apparent change of the Eruca of an inied. 

AUREO'LA (with Romijh Scbeo/man) a 
fpecial reward beftowed on martyrv, viriginf^ 
do£lors and other faints, on account of their 
having performed works of fupererogation. 

AURORA (of aura, L, or au^a, Gr.) 
the morning twilight, the dawn or break of 
day*5 which begins to appear, when the fua 
is come within iX degrees of the horizon, and 
ends when it is rifen above it. 

AUSPICE {afpicuum, L.) ^. The oment 
of any future undertaking drawn from birds* 
a. Prote^Uon $ favour (hewn by profperout 
men, •}, Tnrluenee ; good derived to others 
from the piety of th cir patron. 

AUSPICIAL (from auff^ice) relating to 

AUSPICIOUS (fmm au/pue) i. Wlih 
omens of fucceefs. 2. Profperous ; fortu« 
nate; applied to perfons. 3. Favourable; 
kind ; propitious | applied to perfons. 4, 
Lucky ; happy ^ applied to things. 

AUSPICIOUSLY (from auffudout) hap^ 
pily J profperouHy ; with profperous oineos; 

profperity ; happinefs. 

AUSTERE {auft€rus, L.) i. Severe j 
hzxih j rigid. ' 2. Sower of taiVe j haiih. 

AUSTERELY (from aufiere) feverelyj 

AUSTERENESS (from aujiere). t . Se- 
verity; ftric^nefs; rigor. 2. Roughnefs in 

AUSTERITY (from aufiere,) i. Seven- 
ty ; mortified life ; ftriftncfs. 2. Cruelty | 
harih (Jifciplire. 

AUTHOR (auffer, L.) i. The firft be- 
ginner pr mover of any thing $ he to whom 
any thing owes its origbai. 2« The efficient j 
he that efffr£ts or prpdi»ces any thing. 3. 
The firft writer cf any thjigj diftinft from 


A U 

Cfte trgffMtr or compiler. 4. A tniter in 

40THORITATIVE (from authority,) 
T. Hrriog doe amtbcritj, a. Ha Ting an air 
of «a<i«nl«. 

AUTHOillTATIVBLY (from autbcri^ 
miw) in sm dUhoritativt manner ; with a 
Aew of tmtbcrity. 2. With due authority, 

thtniatJw) an afting^ bj authority j autbort- 
iutmg appearance, 

AUTHORITY {auehritat, L.) i. Legal 
poller. 2. Influence $ credit. 3. Power; 
svle. 4* Support, joftificationy countenance. 
5. Teaimony. 6. Weight of teftimony ; 

AUTHORIZATION (from authonzt) 
cfiabiiftment by authority^ 

To AUTHORIZE (from auterifer. P.) 
X. To give amib^ty to any Perfon. 1. To 
makt any thing legal. 3. To eftabli& any 
tUeg by authehty. 4. To juftify, to prove 
p. H^ to be right. 5. To give credit to 
aof cbing or perfrm. 

AUTOKINE'SIA (JvkutmrU, of aVl^c 
and amp, to move^ Or.) a free moving of' 
itielf to and fro. 

AUTOM'ATON (JvkfimTof, of ijvl^and 
fialofuu, or iAfJLoil^, fpontaneous, Gr.) a 
Kif-moriag eogine; a machine which has 

Ibe princ^ of motion within itielf^ going 
otfacr by a vice, fcrew> fpring or weight ; 
any piece of mechanifrn that feems to move 
of itielf, as a clock, jack, watch, &c^ 

AUTOM'ATORY {automatoria, L.) the 
art or fcience of making clocks, watches, &c, 
aad fuch maduoet as move of themfelves. 

AUTOTHE'IST (of d^ and &iic, 
God, Gr.} one who believes God*t felf- 

AUrru^N (autuMHus, L.) harveft, the 
^~ ? from the fixth of Jiuguft to the fixth of 

AUTUMWAL Point (with Aftronomen) 
is one of the equinoxial points ; being that 
fiom whkh the fun begins to delcend towards 
the north pole. 

AUTUMNAL Equinox {Jtfiron,) the time 
when the fun is in the autumnal point. 

AUTUMNAL Sjgm {Afiron*). are thofe 
dirovgh which the AsQ palTes during the au- 
tumn feafon \ they are, Likra, Scorfiut, and 

■ AUTUR'GY (auturgia, L. of avllf, Self, 
sod §(fn, Gr. work) felf-working. 

AUXILIA'TION, help, aid, fuccoor. 

AUXIL'IUM (with Pbyficiam) any me- 
^ce that is good againft a difeafe. 

To AWAIT' (of ache, Teut,) to wait 
iBty attend upon t alfo ready to befal one, 

To AWAKE fpeccian. Sax, To awah 
fntbe preterite aivoke, or, as we now more 
••OMMily (peak, awaked,) i. To roufe out 
^decp. 2. To laiie from any ihte re- 


rembling fleep. 3. To put into new aASbn. 

To AWAKE. To break from Heep j t# 
fceafe to fleep. 

AWAKE (from the verb) without fleep^ 
not ilecplng. 

To AWAKEN. See Awake, 

To AWARD. I. To adjudge } to give 
any thing by a judicial fentence. 2. To 
judge ; to determine. 

AWARD (from the Verb) judgment, fen*, 
tence, determination. 

AWARE 'from a and %oare) vigilant} 
in a ftate of alarm \ attentive. 

To AWARE. To beware i to bq cau« 

AWAY (ajKj, SoM.) i. Abfcnt. %. 
From any plice or perfon*. 3. Let us go. 
4. Begone. 5. Out of one's own hands; 
into the power of fomething elfe, 6. It is 
ofren ufisd with a verb ; as to driuk away an 
eftate ; to idle awey a manor; that is, to 
drink or idle till an eftate or manor is*gone» 
He plafd his life away. Pope. 

7. On the way j on the road : perhaps this 
is the original import of the following 
phrafe : 

Sir Valentiue, whither av^ay fo faft ? 

Sb, T,G, ofVerma. 

8. Perhaps the phrafe, be cannot away wiib, 
may mean, be cannot travel with ^ be caamot 
hear the company, 9. Away with. Throw 
away, take away, 

AWE (e2;e, o^a. Sax,) Reverential fear, 

To AWE (from the noun, to ftrike with 
reverence or fear. 

AWEBAND (from a and baod a check* 

AWFUL (from awe uadfidi) that which 
ftrikes with awe^ or fills with levcrencoi «• 
Worihipful ; in authority ; invefted with 
dignity. This fenfe is obi<^ete. j. Struck 
with awe I timorous j icrupulous. This fenie 
occurs but rarely. 

AWFULLY (from awful) in a reveren- 
tial manner. 

AWFULNESS (from awful.) 1. The 
quality of ^riking with aw* ; folemoity. 2* 
The ft ate of being ftruck with awe, " ' 

AWN 7 (with Hujbandmn) the fpire or 

ANE \ beard of barley, or other bearded 
grain ; alfo the beard that grows out of the 
huik of corn, or graft. 

AX VEI CH, an herb. * 

AXIL'LA (in anatomy) the cavity un- 
der the upper part of the arm, commonly 
called the arm-^it. L* 

AXIO'MA (with Logicians) it the dif. 
pofiiig one argument with another, where 
a thing is faid to be or not to be. 

AXiOMA'TlCKS {axiomatici, L. of 
d(t«fULlMOi, Gr.) perfons worthy of ibme 
dignity or publick office. 

AXIS, properly fignifies a Ime or long piece 
of iron or wood, pafting through the center 
of a fphere, which is moveable upon the tame* 


A 9C 

AXIS [with ir«fM(/ei] (hf it nettpi] 
taken from the amt of a vheej, whkh 
that fmooth part about which it turnt) is th^ 
. ffiMPth part in the center of fome fraitf; 
about which the other parts are diipoM. 

AXIS rf the Earth {Gtagrtipby) h a right 
line upon which the earth perfbrou ki daily 

AXIS of a PUntt {J/hm.) ii a right line 
4r«wn th»«of h the center «f the ptaaet, and 
•boot which it rerolvea. 

AXIS a^tf C/>c/lr 7 --.^ 

AXislfaSphffiS ^^ 
ia a ftrait iioe palling thro* 
the center from one fide to 
another, and is the (boie as 
AXIS (Jkthitea,) is ether- 
wife called Cmtbehu i as, 
the ionick Capital) is a line 
fftfTtng perpendicuiar through the middle of 
Ihe e)te of the vohite. 

Spirai J^\% (ArckifiR.) is the «cm of 
n twifted cduflin, drawn Spirally, ia order to 
trace the ciccomrelatieM without. 

AXli^ of a H^gnet, is a line paifi»g thro' 
the middle of a MtpMi iengthwife, in ftich 
jMsnner, that however the Magna is divided, 
the loadftpne Viil ^ mad* hrto two loadftones, 
if the divifion be accordiqgto a pUnc wherein 
tf^ch Une is fauod. 

AXIS (iB>rrT>r«Ai|) a machine for the 
rai^g of waighu coniifting of n cylindrical 
beam, which Is the axit lyii^g horinontally^ 
y mjA fofforttd ft oach end by a ^e of tim- 
ber ; and fomewhere about it i^ hath a kivd 
•r tynpiinum or wheel, vyMch if called the 
peritarochiom ; in the circamforeoce of which 
are made holes to put in ftaves (like thofe of ^ 
• w^laft or capftan^ in order to turn the «v/ff 
twikk the more eaftiy, to raife the weight b]f 
a repo that winds round the axis* 

AXIS (hi Cfmiek 
StBioMg) is a line that 
goes through the mid- 
dle of the figure, and 
cutting all the ordi* 
aates at right angles. 

Tramfrvfi AXIS 
(of an Eliifi/ii or Hj- 
ferMa) is the axt 
A? laft defined. It 



A Z 

is ilfo fhefif or ^a- 
cipal axis, in contra- 
dilHn6Hon to the C9«* 
jaf^te Qtfieondapyaxu, 

Canjugatt AX ISP 

S*€o»d AXISS 
(of an £%&} is the 
line FS drawn from 
the center of the fi- 
gure C, parallel to the 
ordinate M N> and 
perpendicularly to the 
tranfverfe aau A P. 

AXIS dtterminatt (in an HyperboU) h a 
ri|(ht line drawn between die vertexes or tope 
of the oppofite fe£tions. 

AXIS indettrminate (of an Bj^h,) is a 
right line which divides into two equal parts, 
and at right angles, an infinite number of 
lines drawn paralkl to one another within the 

AXIS (in Mecbaaich) as the axh of a 
balance, is the line upon which it turna or 

AXIS of a C&niek, is the right line or fide 
upon which the triangle turns or makca its 
motion in forming the cone. 

AXIS of a Laxi (OptUh) is a right line 
paffing along the aadt of that foUd, where- 
of the Lens is a fegment. 

AXIS of any Cliff {Optich) is a rigbt 
line drawn perpendicularly thro* the center 
o^ the Glafi, and if it be a convex GLfs, 
througb the thiclceft part ; or if it be a c^n- 
eavt Giafsy thro' the thinneft part (which 
in each of them is termed the pole of tbe 
glafs) directly on tbe center of the fphere^ of 
which the glafs figure is a fegment. 

AXUNkJiA, a kind of fat, the fcfteft 
of an^ that is hi tbe bpdies of animals ; alfo 
the (warf or greafe in the axle-tree of a 
wheel ; boar's greale. 

AXUNGIA, itfGiaft) calj|ed aKb the fait 
or gall of glaff, is a fcum which is taken odT 
from the top oif the Qiatter of giais before it 
is vitrified. 

AZA'PES (in the Tarkijb anny) are the 
old Mujfulmtn bands, more ancient than the 
JaniTaaries themfelves, but Tery much dc- 
?pis*d } they are made ofe of as Pioneen^ an^ 
are fometimes merely a bridge «o the horie 
in marfhy grounds, and fo many fafcioes to 
fill up the ditches of a place befieged. 

AZ'EROLE (with Sotanr/it) a kind o£ 
medlar-ti«e, the leaves of which are like 
parfley, the flowers grow in dufters, and hav^ 
fever al kaves, which appear rofewiie, the 
fruit b fmaHer than a medlar, red, and of an 
agreeable tafte. 

AZ'fMUTH Dial, one whofe ftyie or 
gnomon is at right angles to the plane of the 

MagnHieal AZIMUTH (hi Affonmy) is 

the apparent diftance of the fun from the' 

north or folth point of the cooipaft. ' 



AZOfKES (ef • privatise, %mA ZA*, Cr. 
1 «»e m coantiy) with" Mjtholtpjh^ fuch 
9*di cs were not private diviottiet, of any 
prticidarcitaatryy but were acknowledged at 
H^iB every commtrj, and wttt w«iUpii«l 

AZOTRE (of ooirrp, Ital. or mmi/, Sp. 
wiiicb figoifies Uae, or cfLaxuUa Utbis^ L.) 
dbecoloaroftllelky ^ * ^ 

B A 

AZURS (ia Hfoldry) i. e, Une s this co- 
Iwp ^ZvAfv £iys, con£rti of much red and 
a inde wbite, and reprefents the colour of 
^ ft y i* a dear, fon^fliiaey day, and in 
«ra«iag ii expceft'd by lines drawn a-crois 
Ac ftidd» at in Che efcatcheon. 


Bb Aw>ix«, B B hsEck, T i Enznjb^ 
'^ZGrtek^^H^tvf, are the fecond icu 
iBRof thefi; alphabets. 

B» k E»^^ woids, is not keatd or pro- 
Braced after «, as tSmh, Amk, rum^, 
timmk, kc 

B, k ofed as an abbiVTiation oT iareral 
wmk, as B A. BsecalamtuM jtrtiuMf a batch- 
dsr of arts; B. V. B€ata inrn, i, #. the 
Ucfled Vugin, Sc. Karia, 

B (wkh iktAadeMts) nnmutnH, deilot- 

% with a daft, ever it li|nifies toco. 

BA'AL (» tU A^<«;, fignfflts loi'd or 
N^ty) an idol of tho AUahitn and P^^W- 
on, caBei atfb ^<4 and is theoght to have 
kcathcfirftof idols. 

BA3EL(73^, B?*. /. r. confufion) a 
bage tower in the land of Shinur in hbfif^ 
tmis, £iid to have been built 5146 paces 
lii^ having an equal bafis j the paflage was 
ssMd the fide, and had many apartments 
sal lODiDs for people, cattle, hoHes, carts, 
*e. iadoled within it. The hands of ail Or 
■at of the inhabitants of the earth were 
taifSoyed ia it after the flood, before they 
•eft leparafed 9 foppoied to be begun by the 
«<er of Ntmnd, to iecure them againft a 
Acoai flood. It was rendered famous upon the 
Mcosat of the confofion of languages, sHiich 
canfed them to defiil from their attempts. 

To BABBLE {BMtkn, Oerm. Baiiiitr, 
FOj- Toptattle like a chUd) to prate im- 
fffWHy. a. To talk idly, or irraiioaally. 
3. Totalkthoughtkfilyj to tell fecrets- 4, 

BABBLE (W//, F.) idle talk J feniMefs 

Babblement (ftom AMie) (eafeids 

babbler (ftmnUMt) 1. An idle talker: 
■■*J5^»i»l prattler, s. A teUer of fecrets. 
^BTLON, aodentJy the metropolis of 
i 2SfS **"*^ •"**' ^ Jf^mrsdotBehii, 
E w -Jr '^ *•* SmirBmh improved^ fii as to 
12?*^ toe of ihe iefen wooden of the 
*««4r its e«ia«dhianr walli «d ganJtns. 

The fim Bitphrmn ran throagh dM niddla ; 
of the ^, the two Ibores being joined by a 
brjdge of Aopendous architeaore j Some an. 
thoa wii|e, that the city, when in its gfeateft 
g awleur^was in compafs 46 miles. The 
walis were built by queen Smirmms, I9 hrga 
and higb> that fome write they were aoo, 
others 250, and others 300 feet high | h«t 
the moft common received meafure is, that 
they were fittycnbkshigh, and fo broad, that 
three chariots might go.upon them without 
danger. Dto^tnu ^fCa/prs Writes, that thev 
were 300 or 350 fiadia in c^ompafs, that is*. 
above twtnty-two gf^nfr miies, and fis^ 
ftadia high, haviijgpliraUht gardens on tbem. 

BACCA'TED {Sac(fi/us, L.) befeC wids 
pearls, alfo havmg many berfltt. * 

BACCHANA'LIA, afeftlvai in honoer of 
B^ctkM, celebrated with much folemnitv bv 
the ancient Gneki and Romans j thefe iwfia 
were alfo called Or^y^ ofo^yij, fuiyoflranS ' 
port, by reaibn of the madaeft and e«fi»« 
fiafm that the people feemed to be poaeflod 
with at the time of their celebration. 

BACCHANTES ? the ptHtcOa and 
BAC^CHANALS J priefts of Bacci>ui, 
vrho celebrated his iatUvals with cymbal^ 
drams, timbrels, noife and (boots, running 
tboot ia a ftantick mannet, crowned wttb 
hry, vine-twigs, &c and cartyin^ in their 
hands a thyrfis or ftaff wre^dkd with the 
mme plants, L. 

BAQH'ELORSHI?(*K^aif«r6s/, F,iw- 
calaureatm, L.) the eftate m condition of a 
man never married, 

®^5*i:.(*«^' ^» ^^' ^^f Genii,) 
1. The hinder part of the body, from tiie 
Mck to the tbi^s. 2. The outer part of. 
the hand when it is' Autj oppofed to tije. 
/a/m, 3. The outward part ot the body ; 
that which requires cloatfas 5 oppofed to the 
^^V 4« The rear I oppofed to the v«a. 
5. The place behind. 6. The part of aaf 
thing out of iigbt. 7. The thick part rf 
any tool, oppofed to the edge 5 as, the back 
of a knife, or fword j whence bmcltfword, or 
fword with a back. 8. To turn the back on 
one, is to forfake him, or negleA him. 9* 
To turn the back'n to goaway$ to be not 
withm the reach of uking eognisance. 

BACK (from the ncun.) i. To the place 
from which one came. a. Baehaardi from 
the prcfent ftation. 3. Behind j not com- 
mg iorwaid. 4. Towasd thmgs paft. ^. 
Again; in return. 6. Again: a fecoad 

To BACK (from the noun hack,) u To 
mount on the back of a hotfe. a. l^o 
breakahorfei to train him to bear upon his 
back. 3. To pUce upon the back. 4* To 
mantain j to firengtben. 5. To jaftilT ; to 
fupport 6-Tofecond. 

To BACKBITE (from badt and hUt) To 
ceofure or reproach the abfent; 

BACKBITER (from AirA^ife.) A priry 

Digitized by ''^ Calum- 

B A 

Mamniator ; a ceofoxcry of tbe abfeot. 

BAXKCARRY. Having on the back. 
Mdntvoody in hi< foreft Jawt> notetk it for 
one of the four circumftances^ mt cafes^ 
vrhercln a forefter may arreft an o&nder a- 
galnft ver.t or venifon in the foreft, vim. Sta- 
ble- ftand dog-draw» backtarryy and bloody- 
hand. CoToel, 

BACKDOOR (from back and door) The 
door behind the hoaie; privy palTage. 

Popery, which it fo far fhot oo^ as not to 
re-enter opetfly, is dealing in by tne backdoor 
of atheifm. jitterburj. 

BACKFRIEND (from back and friend) 
friend backwards; that is, an enemy in 

BACKSTAFF \ fin Navigation) 

BACKQUADRANT i an inftrument by 
the French, caiied the Itnglifh qiiadrant^ 
invented by captain Davis ^ being the fim- 
pleft and exacted inftrument hitherto invent- 
ted fc^Ukingthe fan*s senithdiftance atfea, 
by the help oi which the altitude is prefent- 
ly known- 

It eonfifts of two arches, the arch * of the 
leaft radius contains 60 degrees, and that of 
y having the largeO radius contains three de- 
grees. It has alfo three vanes $ the vane at h 
is called the horizon vane, that at S the 
fhadow vane, and the'vane at J? is called the 
fight vane. 
/ BACKWARD ^ (bacj^ep^, Sax.^ on. 

BACK'WARDS? at or towards the back 
part; alfo unwilling, loath to. 

BACK'WARDNESS (bacpeap-fencrfc, 
^tfx.) an unreadinefs, an unwilllngnefs } alfo 
^ a defectivenels in procifiency in any attain- 

BAG (in Traffick) a particular quantity of 
fome fort of commodities, as of pepper, from 
J to 3 hundred weight, &c, 

BA'OAVEL 1 (vrith the citizens of 

BETHU'GAVEL J Exeter) a certain 
tribute or toll granted to the citizens upon all 
manner of wares brought to that city to be 
fold, towards the paving of the ftreets, re- 
pairing 0/ the walls^ and miuntenance of the 

B A 

BACG AGE (of carrying a- bag t kiutf 
fack) a foldiers^s tru]]) a camp-whore : alia 
a forry wench. 

BAIL (in a Fcrefi) a limit or boond. ac- 
cading as a foreft is divided into the particular 
charges of ft^veral forafters. 

BAILEX (in Z-iw) the perfon to whom 
the goods of a perfon bailed are deh'vex«d. 

BAIL'LOR (in Law) tlie' 
livers fuch good. •> 

fn>ite BA'KERS, this company isof greab 
antiquity : Thqr were a 
company the ift of F.d^ 
vfard 11 , had anew char* 
ter I Bemy VJI. ceo-*- 
firmed by Henry VIII. 
and Edward VI. queen 
Mary, ^ueen Elisaabetb , 
and king James, Their * 
aimsare^«iSrx,three garbs 
Or on a chief, an arm ifTuing out of a cloud 
proper, holding a pair •ef fcales Or^ between 
three garbs of tlie firft. 

^rowir BAKERS were > 
incorporated the 19th o£ 
king James I. Their ' 
arms are gules^ a hand 
iflumg out of the cloud* 
proper j' holding a pair of 
balance, an anchor in 9 • 
chief barty wavy Or and 
asure on a cheveroa 
gules, between three garbet. 

BAKER (of badan. Sax,) s maker of 
BAXANCE \ (probably of biUnx, L, 
BALXANCEf wbaiance, F.) one of the .4 
fix iimple powers in Mechantcks, ufed princi- 
pally for determining the equality or dlfterenco 
of weight in heavy bodies ; they are of feA'eral 
forms, as fcales, fVeel-yards, &i, 

BALANCE 7 (with Jflronomtn) called 
BALLANCE j in£tfr/»L/^r^, ofwhich 
this -<^^ is the characteriftick, is one of the 
12 figns of the Zodiacl, into which the fun 
enters at the autumnal equinox in Septensber^ 
tiie conftcUation confifts of eight ftars, repre- . 
fented on a globe by the form of a balance or 
pair of fcales. 

BALANCE (of the Air) the weight of 
that fluid, whereby, according to its known 
property ; it prefleth where it is leaft retifted, 
till it is equally adjufted in all parts. 

BALAS'SIUS, the balafs ruby, a preca* 
ous ftone of a faint red colour. 

BALATRO'NES {balatrones, Hor.) an 
ancient name given to wicked and lewd per* 
fons, from Servilius Salatro, a debauched 
libertine, whence probably' the French have 
derived their Poltroon, 

BALD {bal, Welch) i. Without hair, 
a. Without natural covering. 3, Without 
the ufaal covering. 4. Unadorned ; inelegant. 
5. Stripped $ naked ; without dignity 5 with* 
oat value ; bare* 

V^ T BAL0, 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

B A 

lALDHSSS IhtttatffCf Sm,) Mt har- 
a|fcur| aUb in Rfard tofpeech^ unpofite- 

BAL£ (UHh F.) a bundle or paicel of 
fM* Mcfeed op fer carriage. 

BALE (b«I« ^«r. Aalf, Dan. A0/, ^« 
leebodift) nilexyj calamity. 
. To BiAX£j a woni ufed by faslors» who 
lil^ oat the water ; that b, /ave it out, 
%y wiy of ^iftioctioii from pam^g. 

To BALE (emMkr^ F. imMture, ItaL) 
to imke op into a Mr. 

BALEFUL (from Me) fiill.of niiery; 
U of pier; IbnmriiiU Ad^ woful. Full 
^faiicUcf s ddboctive. 

BAUHJLL7 (from ktUefii) forrawfiOly ; 

To BALK. f*Tbdi£ippdlat; tofroftrate« 
s. To mUt aay diiog. 3. To qmit, or refiife, 
«iytlMc; to heap as 00 a ridge. 

BAUC (amoag SrickUtyns) a great beam, 
%A at k «led ia buiUing j atfo a poll or 
flsBcr over an oot-ooofe or bam» 

BALL {Ul, F.) a poblick daacSog ancet- 

BALO-AD {kttJad, F.) a ibng. 

BALLS (ia SeraJJry) a common bearing 
ia eoats of ana { hot always by heraMs eiU- 
U by other names, acoaftting to their difie- 
leat ealootSy as ogrefles, befanti, golps, guaes, 
Iwtiy peBctSy piattesy pomosy orengeSf tor* 
acaaacs $ which fee ia their proper places. 

BALaJSTBBS (in a dmrth) an tncJofure 
«f pifloBy whkh rails ia the commonion tshle* 

BALLI^TICKS (of SmlliJUt, L. cro6- 
baari or enf^bsei for cafting javefins, great 
hoam, €fc.) the art of making foch engines. 

BALLFVA {OU Deedt) a whole county 
miicrthejwifiictionofaAeriffi alfoahun* 
4ni with leipect to the chief conftahk i or 

• aanor, with lefpcct to the fteward. 
BALLVSTRA'DEy a raw of baQifters- 

* finaU tamed Fillarsy of fnch a height as 
a man aaa/ leanliis dbow noon them } fixed 
apaa a terraoe walk or top or a building to 
Mie it hto two or more feparate partst 

BALM (with Ciymiftt) ancnraa of com- 
■Ma iaICy aaade oa the following manner. 
They fitftdiiolvc the fal^ and having da- 
lifted it well, ict it in horie dung for thefpace 
af two OK three aionths^ and after this it b 
dlifii&M ftroagly with a iand heat, which 
yo dates aa aoOMMis fnbftancey of a quality 
is pwfci s aii Te, that ^it b faid) the moft cor- 
rtptih W thiags bemg fteep*d in it are prefervcd 
corn oat of ariad \ and that the dead bodies 
«f the aadcats ha^'bctn prefenred by it, 
wiihoat being reAiced to a mommy. 

^AL^NBARY (MMorimi, L.) belonging 
to baths, tfc. 

BALNEATORY (kaheafmu, L } be- 
Id^^Co a bath or ftove. 

^AL9AM (ia Pbsnmtf) certaia Hqnort 
1 or drawa fiom gomt tod rafiny fiib- 
ibalftm« iomWlbia&ft. 

B A 

J^^kmck BALSAM, a fweer fetttad fpl- 

rituotts fabftance of the confiftence of aa 
ointmenty apetfhme. 

BALSA'MtrM (^«'x^«^w, Cr. of ^^2% 

VSKT) Hcb.) the Valfiun or balm-trte, or the * 
juice that drops from it> that b of a moft 
fragrant fcent, L. 

BAMj at the beginning of the names of 
places hi Grttu BHtainy denotes the quality 
of the place^ that it other now or formerly 
was woody, from the Soiun beam^ which fig* 
nifies a piece of timber^ as SamfitU, famm 
hridge^ BmiUmry, 

BAN {bam. Tent, a pubfick pmclamcfloa, 
as of profcription, interdidiony eioommuidnl* 
tfon, poblick fale.) i. Publick notice girsii 
of any thing, whereby any thhig b pobBckhf 
commanded or lDrbidden% This woid we uw 
d^ially m the pubiUhing matrimonial coitf- 
tra^ in die chorth before a uniage, to dm 
end that if any man can fay againft die la* 
tention of the parties, eilner In reipefl of 
kindred or otherwiie, ^ey may take their 
exception in time. And, In the canoa hiw^ 
Banma fiat proelamaiiuus jpoit/i tt ffwfit in 
tcckfii$ fieri lf»lMf Cowel. %, A cvrfe | ex.- 
communication* 3. InteidiAioa. 4. B4tm 
of tbt empire^ a pnblick confine by which 
the priTilegea of any Cmmm prince are fn^ 

To BAN (iigaam, Dttt. to curie) to carft^ 
to execrate. 

BAND (Ban\9, StxJ) an oraaaicat or 
doathing lor the neck. 

To BAND (BanV!n» Som,) to bandy, to 
gather into, or confpire with a fii£Hon. 

BAND rf MaBek, a company or fet of 
mnficiaaB, united or iolecteil for the perfor« 
mance of a fymphooy on an ci^fraordiaaiy 

BAND of Omlemett Pifiomn, ait a com- 
pany of geademen bearing halbertS| who at- 
tend immediately the klng*s perfoa on fofeom 

BAND^ELET (with 4rehiuat) any line 
or flat moulding, as that which crowns the 
DotiA architrave; it encompafles a pillar 
quite round about Bke:a'tin8# b greaner than 
a lift, bat Icfsthaa a pJat-^hand. 

BAN'DOO rof hMmd and WS^} a 4og krat 
in a band or chain | alfo a aiamff or hooie* 
dog ; alio a dog for batting bulb, bean, ftTc. 

BANE rhana. Sax* a maideicr^ x. Poi* 
fon. a» That which deft:oysi auTchieft 

To BANE (from the noon) to pdfoo. 

BANE'FUL^ poifonoosy deftructive. 

BANE'fULNESS, poifonoufnals, defb^^ 

A BANTER, a jeering, •« talljring by 
way of diverfioo, 6fc* 

BANSmCiCLE, a fmall fifh, called vft 
fickle back. 

To BAPTIZE {hapHJer^ f. km /ftit^«(»» 
I X nr\ ^^') 

Digitized by V3U\ 

B A - 

BAR {harrt^ F.) b A fMce of tMod, 
ijcpo, or other mattery laid crbis t paflafe to 
liiii^ ^t^uce. a. Abolt s a pTece of Iron. 
4tr iipod fiUbeUrd to a doo^, tod tettnag ihto 
t|ii(eippft<»c'w«lltQ]iQUit; 3% Anyobfcacle 
vrhidi hinders or ob/hiicti. 4* Arock,orhaak 
• #f Ifu^ at the catmoce of ahaitemr or iiver« 
«r1»ich ihlps c«inot fail over atbv water* 5. 
Ax^.t]UDgQfedf»fCCie]ltioii. 6. tlw^licc 
.Vhdiyt fe«uiet of law are txied^ or wbeie cri- 
^Sasfi% ale hvlged ; fi> called horn the i«r 
flaced to hindo: croodt ^rom mconttiodbill; the 
,qiiy 7ft AA iitcloied talaoB nia tavern or 
.dAr^hviUi^ where the hoQ&keepter fits a«d 
.s^v«|reclioninglt %\ In Law^ a peremptory 
<]0:et(tMP.)i9iihft a demrnnd or plea Moaght by 
Vbe4efMant.iniin acti«A» thit defcrtmtfae ac- 
4i4NiDfthe4»hBnliflrfoettr. It it divided mto a 
4kir tip oommoft mteM, tud a ikw fpecdd : a 
^r 49 ft cMimoainttn^aii an ocdiniiiy orge- 
Wtx^ Mir« that diikbld tbe*dechratiooor plea 
•«f thr ^ifitiff $ a bar ipecfaA^ it thut which 
.if rCiortt than oidi^f, and AUk. ont in the 
.4ia^4n hapd> upan ipeckl citcamftance of the 
|ia> Cmori* 9' Anjrthnf by whidi the 
compares or ftmAwte is held together* to* 
Aflty thiAg th^t it liid crodi another, ai ters 
Jn homidry, 11. Khar ^f jgtUxx fi-mr^ % a 
lamp or wedge from the mines> melted d6wn 
.foafertofmooldy attd. never wroi^t* 12. 
Mart of a iwje. The upper part of the gutta 
..hecicfan the.toihe s4id thei^aden, that bears 
BO teeth, and to wdich the bit iaap^Md, and 
%y iti Mtlon, the herfe jgovemed. 13. 
Bartf. I'e mMfi<k, are fttoket drawn perpendi- 
cahlly acrela the lines of a ^6e <ft ihofick ; 
ttied CO regnJate tke beating or neafiire of 
jMifical tune. 

BXR-SHOT. Two hallT bullets joined 
.ti0Btherbyan itoiibar| \iied infta engage- 
»entt for catting dawn the mafts and rig- 

To BAR (from the noun,) 1. To faften 
«r flttt any thbig with a boR, or bar. a. 
To hinders to obAhift. %, To prevent. 
4. Toihot out fivn. 5. Toexelode ftom 
AclaiiB. 6. To prohibit. 7. To eiueptj 
to make an etcoptioa. 8. In law, to hbder 
^he pKfce6 of. a fait. 9. To Aorft vein. 
Jhis is an operation performed npon'tiR vmns 
of the legs of a hocfe, and other parte, with 
intent to Anp the malignaTnt haiiioan. It is 
done by opening tkto ikte above ft» diCengagin^ 
It^ and tyifig it both above and beiow> and 
ftrikiii^ between two iigataret. 

BARBARIAN (har6arg$^ L. It ie^ms 
le have figmited at jfirft oiily foreign^ or a 
foreigner } but, in time, implied fome de- 
gme of iwildnefs or cruehy.) i. A tasm «n- 
dvUuedi untaught) a favage. 2. A foreigner. 
^ A biutal monAer ^ a man without pity j 
ft term of reproach. 

B A 

BARB AitI AN. Mdlt|jb% to ifts^Meni | 

BARBARICIC {harbarUus, L.) Fe¥c9|ft ; 
fat fetc|ied4 j 

BARBARISM {^^^itHmss t.) t. A 
fbrm 6{ fp^ch ctntiliy to tne p«MVy and 
exaAnels of any hinguaget %, Igneraneft of 
arts i want of lekrnfaigk ). MtMity^ fa* 
vagene£i of ffitawers ; ineivflit^v 4 CiMlS- 
ty, barbarity j wipityiNg kUK^J^ df "hem. 

BARBARiTT (ftoili faii»Ninv> i. S«- 
vageneft ) indvik'ty* %, CtuellVj' inhgAtfi- 
ty. J. BtA^tffia^ unpurity br l^efch* 

BARBAROVS {kaY4mft^ t. tiafQa^, i 
Gr.) t. Stranger to civtiity^faviivej HktM'- 
Kiedr •• Ignorant 5 anac^oliinJVel with art»« 
3. Cruel $ inhuman. 

BARBAROesbY-tfiim M»htu) x. 
Ignorantly i wi\9ioat k no w ltd ye of Itrtst ^ 
In a manner cootraiy to the nilek^ I^Mlu 
3. Cruelly ( inhuAianly. 

BARBABrOUSNESS (from hMiOwt,) 
T. Incivility of mahnertk a. IlhpuH^ bf 
Unguage. %. Craelfy» 

BARATTA, a fort of balfam broaljfbg 
from the fFe/i indiesk 

BARAiJ^OT'S a f«ct of betetxHs 9k 
BoUgm in hMfy, who had all tMn^ in «oai- 1 
mon, even their whcs and <hfld»tA. 

BARB, a horfe of the BaHf^yy bfeed, | 
muck efteemod tor thefr fwift runniag^ and 
therefore are muchr dDveted for IhllllMis ^ they 
being faid to retain their n^thre vigour to the 
v^ry iafc. The oWMrs of AtOt in BMary. 
preferve the geneaiogiet of tfiefo Batin^ as 
carefoUy, as we do thofe of ofar noMe fomi- 
lies ; they are faid alfo to he able tc^tmn 
an oftrich, and fome tsf them a fr jBb ught 
at the price of two or three iMindN^Oteetfa 

BAR'BACAN {iaPbaam, ItaL^g t^ad 
or opening left in a wdlfite wal^tbcome 
in and go out ftt, when b|iiidi»gs are erfectM 
in places liable to tfe ovtrifo'wtd^ 6^ td #raifi 
the water off a terrafc* 

BARBACAN (in MHifih-y Afain) «n 
aperture or deft, made in the walk of a caf- 
tie or furtrefs tolfire np<m the aiem^ 

BAR'BARV Palcuk^ a kind »f haw4^» 
commonly taken m -B^rhah^ they taakillg 
tfaek paflage tfarosgh that country | this 
!»sd is left than the Tfti^cei-rf^anti, hat v«ty 
bold ; k is plumed Wifh rci under "^e wiiiigs, 
and aroRd ivith long talons «nd #retchers. 

BARBB, the armour of ^ hoifes of the 
ancient knightB and faldierS| whd were nt* 
.cotttered at ail points. 

Barbs, a fortof ^rinoar for horfes, which 
vovoMd the heck,-breaft and crupper. 

BAR'BES (wiih bitfiandpteti) a dtftein^r 
hi' black cattle, known by a foperfihoof 
piece of flefli on their toflgfieS, tvhJdi fonat- 
timea h inders them foam ^eatiDg Ifidr nheat • 

BaRB&R ebimrggm. Th)^ %ere |ft. 

Digitized by 



B A 

itV, hot confirmed 
kf soft kings «n4 qoeetu 
&ce whh enkrgementt. 
Tiicir arh>s ut a cibfs 
avtftcnd GirAtf , a lioo paf- 
faat laidaac, Or, ia the 
firft quarter a di^vrea be- 
in the iecend fmrty per pale 
mjttM ff^m$^ a nvfe taewned with aa im- 
pcnl crawl, the fix^ at the farnh^ the fe- 

BAR'BICANAGE {fiU Jtrr.) moaqr 
pfca Ibr the mainrnnTC ff a iarhicam or 

BARDS (aaMBg the aadeot BritcKi and 
C^db) a ft« of poets wkodc£ciibe4 and foag 
ia a kiad ef «efii» tik nobie-atchievmeats of 
put camnuiders aad aohlemea $ they la- 
kaapi ta aacoarafe ¥irtae, and frequcDtly 
iiiaea«d the chaefi on both fides to hearkea 
•a a i tea o c a i a tiBn, at to the mattera in 
Mill a III, even vhea die two aimies were 
acadiv to ioia battle. 

^^ BARO'ME. 

TER ( ft»f«/iti- 
<Tf»y, of da^^ ajki 
ptr^y Gr, laea- 
^re ) an infint- 
nent for eftimat* 
lag the weight or 
^Uar of the at- 
mosphere, and the 
levenl aaiaute va- 
fiatioaa of the 
weight of that 
pillar; by which 
^ariationf the va- 
aious ch^ngea Of 
the weather axe 

tor of it was T«r> 
rictUi^ at flo¥*aUy 
in 1643. From 
whence fiither 
jyhrJt^M brought 
it into F^aace the 
year fbllewiog> 
1644* and AfM- 
/rair PafiUi tried 
it in 16461 aod^ 
gave an acooont of 
It in apiece mrinted 
in 1647 9 the ttfet 
•f this ioftrament 
ait ta difcoTer the 
f of the ipcuiabeot ataaofphere (one 
mf the oobM philoibphical difcoverics) the 
chfscv of the vf atlier. &c. 

Tlae Btfhsntfni of the MsroauHr is -as 
foDowsi A I'aja tnbe A 9^ hermetically 
Mod in Am hsviog its diaocter abtet one 
tcaih ef aa ioch^ and iu length at leak 13 
mUs m ilM |»itk acrcvT 1^ j«At7> m» 

not to hatk akyair amte, Abr fiijr babKka 
adhering to the fides «f the tube, which' ia 
bcft done hy rneaas of a gh^ fiuinel, with 
a capillary tube$ the ociftde of the tube, ^U 
led after this manner, fii as to oferfiow, 11 
ckfely pTeflicd by the finger^ fe ae to cxduda 
any air betw^t it aad the fnercory» .and thus 
immerged ia a wooden vcfiU of *a convenient 
diauMtlr, fo however as not to touch the hot* 
tool at chefliftance of aS inches from the 
fiirface of the nerciiry, gte fixed two plates 
CSL, and Df , divided into two inches, and 
thefe again fubdivided into any number of 
rooalier parts. Laftly, the tobe la inclofed 
in a wooden frane, to prevent its being broke* 
and the bafon open, though fecared front 

Many attempts kf^t been made^ render 
the changes in tlif ^rcfuter more fimfible* 
and fo to meafure the atmosphere noore be* 
cnrately) w4)icb has given rife to a gre^t 
number of BarimMrs ai, different ftrn^rct* 
Hence comes thcff^httl Sarmttir, Piagtutt 
Baramttr, JMse^^i BaromOfr, Btndant 
SMTtmrtet, dice, 

ji matvu BAROM£T£ll, b«n^ oqhr a 
double Tktrm^metof' |br cQRTeiUBBcy «t ua« 
See Thtrmtrntitr, 

Ohftnmii»mfaT the ufi of tbi Banmtttr, 

1. The modba of the mercury ill dm tote 
doea ttot eaoeed three ioehes in its nfiag aai 

2. The fifin| of the mercory geacraUv 
prefages £ur weather, and its lalKnf firalj * 
jwia, ySiMci, high widt wnAJhrnn. * 

3. The fiilfing of the mercory ia veiy hit 
weather preiages thunder. 

^ 4. The rifipg of the mercury hi wiater, 
fbre&ewsfi-oft , and if the meicoyy Alls three 
or four divifions in frofty weather, il thaUr 
will certainly follow , but if the mercuiy 
rifes ht a continued froft, faow will IblkW. 

c. if foon after the fidlhig of the merciny 
fool weather enAies, diere will be but little 
of it ; and on the contrary, if the weather 
proves fur Ibon alter the mrrcoiy htfs rlied, 
the iame will happen. *' 

6. li the mercary ilTe mnch and high in 
fool weatlier, and continues foior tw6 dr 
three days before the fool weather ia ove^, 
then continued fair weather will enfoe. 

7. If the mercery falls much and lour 
in fair weather, and continues fo for two dr 
three days before the rain comes, then y<^ 
may espeft a great deal of wet, and very pro- 
bably high winds. * 

8. If the mercury be aniettled in its Mic- 
tion, it denotes onceitam and diasgeiiMb 

9. As to the words that irt sraved nedf 
the divifions of the inftmment, tho* for the 
nioit part the alterations of the weather wHl 
agree with them, yet thev are not fb ftriai^ 
t^ be minded, as hi the rffiag and falling e^ 
the aaeteuFy accefdiag te the foregifair obfet* 

Digitized by V3OOQ IC 

B A 

irttfaof ; ftr if t)ie meratiT fcul** it »«ch 
nm, tad riftt tip to chjui0akle» it theii 
IbraftMFf fair weathtr« ddumfh not to Cdn- 
^fiae ib loag M it woaU have done if the 
mtnmj were higher | fo places which are 
•wre aortherly have a greater alteration of 
the rife or fall of the mefcury, than thoTe 
that are moft Ibutherly, 

TER, is a 
iBg an index 
to the €010- 
moQ Bartrnt' 
ter y which 
iadex Hiews 
tlie variation 
of the ahi* 
tode of the 
Jiflder, which 
at moft does 
not exceed 
three inches, 
•n^ which never- 
ihaieA may 
be niide as 
^UUngaiAaUe as if it were three feet or three 
.yipids, or as much more as is defired^ the 
Ibrm of it is as here deferibed. 

BAR'ON* is a degree of nobility, next but 
inferior to a vifeount, but fuperior to a gea- 
tJeman, anciently tbey were fuch as had the 
f ovemttMBt of provinces cemi&itted to them, 
and are in prci>abiiity the fame with coort 
barons, and were immediately after the con- 
^ueft) they, if they would, might come to 
parliament, and were probablv the fame with 

S^t court Jfiraw now, and then fat as Peers 
I the upper hoafe of oarliament, called lord&j 
^^this dignity at the ixft wholly depended on 
the king's pleafure \ but afterwards they ob* 

rd letters patent of the king, to make 
title hereditary to their male ifliie, and 
were called Baroiu, either by writ or creation. 

BARONS h ^»h were callM alfo fia- 
rtnt by prefcxlpdon, becaufe they and their 
•nceftors have contiooed Baram^ beyond the 
memory of man, and have their furnames 
added to the title of fetd ; but thofe by their 
patent aie called after the names of their ba- 

BARONS iy Tevitre, are fuch as the biihops, 
Jl^o have baronies annexed to their bifhoprick s, 
i^^ll have the ti^ of lords fpiritual, and take 
Aeir feats in the houfe of lords. 

BARONETS, by K. James I. hi the 
year 1611, were created on condition of de- 
fending the provlnco of r/jiZrr in Ireland, 
which was at that time much hanfled by the 
Rbels, with the arms of which they were 
allowM to charge their coat, and for that 
porpofe they were to afuiotain 30 feldiers t^ 

B A 

titf fpaee of three yaan, tf piiy hito die JSVv^ 
'ebefuer a fom foffieient to do it, which ^t 
eight pence per day, amooata to the fum of 
109 5 pounds fterling. 

This degree of hooour is next to a B^rm^ 
and takes the pre ce de n c y of all knights, ex- 
cept knights M the garter, and is the loweft 
degree of honour that is hereditary. 

BAR'REL rf the ear (with Anmmmfit) a 
large cavity behind the tympAem of the ear^ 
in depth abont three or fonr liaaa, cohered 
with a very fine membrane, 00 which are fede- 
ral veins and arteries* 

BARRELS rf earth (In an Jtmy) a foit 
of half hog/heads filled with earth, which arc 
nfed as breaft-works fer covering the feldiefy ; 
and alfe to break the gabiona made hi the 
ditch, and alfo to roll iBto baeaehtf. 

BARREL of a match. See FuTiet, 

T^btfii^r/if^ BARRELS (with Gumier$) hav 
rsls filled with bombs, granadoes, aad other 
fire-works, to be rolled down a breach. 

BARRENNESS (of unbe|uno. Sax.) uo.^ 
fruitfttlnefs, a not bearing. ' "* 

BAR'REN SIGNS (with jiflrokgm) the 
figns Gemini, Leo and yirge^ fo called becaufe 
when the quefikvi is aik*d, whether fuch a 
perfon ihall have children or not ? If one of 
thofe figns be upon the cufp, or firft point of 
the fifth houfe, they may take it fer grant^, 
that the perfen enquiring feall have nosie. 

B ARRICA^DOES {inreguUr Fortificatiea) 
ate trees cut with fix faces, and croa'cd wi^ 
bat toons of the length ef half pikes, boood 
with iron at the feet ; to be fet up in paffagei 
or breaches, to keep back ^ther horfe or 

Fortification) aie 
great ilakes fet up 
aboot 10 feet di- 
i)ance one from a- 
nother, and about 
4 or 5 fe<rt high, 
having traafomsor 
overthwarth rafters 
to ilop fuch u would violent^ force their 
way in. Thefe are nfually etadtdl in void 
fpa:es hetween a citadel and the town, b half' 
moons and other works. 

BAR'RISTERS (of Bar at which they 
plead) are pleaders at the bar of a court aC 
judicature, and axe of two forts, either eitf- 
ward or t/tter, or inner. 

Outward BAKKl:sTt,K 7 onewhoafVer 

l/rr^r BARRISTER 5 long ftody of 
the bw, at feaft f years, is calted to pubUck 
pradice, and admitted to plead, ftanding 
without the bar. 

Inner BARRISTER, one who being a 
ferjeant at law, or'elfe an attorney of the 
king or prince, or any of the king's, . &r. 
council^ are allowed out of refpedt to pleatf 
W'thin the bar. 

BARYCOI'A laffimp>, dofiy, and M^ 

"• Digitized by V3OOQ IC 

llAAAfli 1*^7)1 


B A 

BARYPHOKI'A {jB^^o^anU, Or.) a dif- 

BASAI/rCS (iM^iO^p Gr.) a Ibtt of 
* ' s of an iron coJoor, ^e iiardeft black 

BASE (wkh Gimaen) the fmaOeft piece 
rf MihiBrr } 4 f«ct and a half !oog $ the dia- 
sctvat the b#re x tncit x quaftrr j it weighs 
^03 fouds, canief a ball i ioch x 8th dla* 
VKfer, sod 5 or 6 oqskcs weight. 

BASE (in ArftnteSure) the foot of a pillar 
k fvppoftB ity or that part which is 
' die h^if, and lies opoo the xocle or 

BASE £fiiia (10 O/r/riEi) is that precife 
diAaaoa ftoin tlie pole of a convex glafi, in 
mUfh the objefts, wbicii a>e beheld through 
ir/lppcir diftindy and well defined ; and is 
Ike ftflw with what b called the /^borf . 

BASE Riwg (of a CMr*a») is the large nag 
men t* and j«il bchJsd the tottch-liole. 

BASE ToMTtf (/>w term) is holding hf 
vUicMge or other cnftomary ferrice, in diu> 
Ism6ba §nm dw higher tenore m eafite, or 
ly nixtafy iervice* 

BASE, a Uh, otherwife called a fea-wolf. 

BASE f*«, F. krffi, Ital« itfxd, Span^ 
Aa|bi^ JbvLaK. 5i«w, Gr.) x. Mean, Tife, 
a. Of mean fpirit. difingenooos^ 
yaci o u s, low, without dignity of 
3. Of low ftation^ of mean ac* 
, without dignity of rank, without ho- 
■ovr. 4. Bafe-boro^ bom out of wedlock, 
iBd kj co ofe^ u e nce of no honourable birth. 
5. Appied to metab : without value ; it is 
«6d b tUs faiie of all neta' except gold and 
fiHcr. 6* Applied to ibunds ; deep, grare. 
It h flMe Iteqiiently written tafs, though 
fhe tiM p aiitin kafrr feems to require ^^. 

BASE-BORN. Bom out of wedlock. 

BASE-COURT. Lower-court, not the 
t&ief cDort' diat leads to the houfe. 

BASE-MINDED. Mean-fpirited, worth* 

BASE.VIOl# (ofinlly #ritteu Saf$-vicl) 
tn inftnuvient whkh is ofed in concerts for 

BASE {h^tn Sat, F. Ssfi, L.) r. The 
hattoan of any thing s comnoaly ufed lor 
the lowor part' of a buifiding, or column. 2. 
ThepaleBal of a ftatoe. 3. That part of 
any acnaascttt that hangs down, ^s houfings. 
4. The bpoad part of any body j as the bof 
taai of a cone. c. Stockings, or perhaos 
At afamir Ibr the legs, from ku, F. i. 
The place itom which racers or tilters run } 
iha bottom of the iie<d. 7. The firing that 
gi*a a Jm^ ib«nd. S. An old roftkk play i 
wnttm by Skimer^ h^u 

To BASE (*«^. F.) To embafe, to make 
lA rahiabk by admixtucc of meaner meuls. 

BASELY (frooi haft.) f. In a bafe man- 
»• la biilardy. 

B A 

BASENRS (from ^fiA t. MeaAaeflb 
vileneft, badnefs. 2. Tikncas of metal* 3* 
Baftardy. 4. Deepnefsof foimd. 

BAS'ILICK (^anxntv, Ot.) a hrgB haO^ 
having two ranges of piUars, and two ifln or 
wings with galleriea over them^ Thefe Au 
fitch were at firft made for the palaces af 
prinreSf* and afterwards converted into consii 
ofinftice, and at laft into churches } whcao* 
a laJiUdi is generally taken fir a magnificent 
church, as the hajihekt/i St. Pefsrat JUsaiw 

BASILISK {MfiUJc9, Ital,) a Iqog pices 
of ordnance. 

BASON (with Anatmifit) a found cavlt]p 
in the form of a tunnel, fitaate betwixt thi 
anterior ventricles of the brain, and ending 
at the point of the gJandala fiivitaria* 

BASSO Relievo (in MafimfyXafviifg,Caf» 
ing, Stt.) I. e. Baft or bw RJief, or imbofo 
ied work, is when only half the bodies or 
figures are reprefented, or when tha work it 
low, flat, or but a little raifed } aa whaA m 
orredal or coin has its figure or impids low, 
thin, andkardly diftinguiftablefirom theplaac^ 
it if faid that the reKef is low and ireak | but 
when it is mnch raifed, the relief ia laid t» 
be bold and ftrong. 

BAS'TARD (in Itfw) one bnro of a w«* 
man unmanied, fo that the Ather ii agg 
known by the order of thehw. 

BASnrARDY, aa in^niiy, eiaiafantiM 
or trial at law, whether one be a fatftaid^r 
not. '*' 

BASTI'LE (in Pariiln f^aaai) the «eta9 
of a priibn. 

BAS'TION (in Ftfrtijlcati&n) a maft «f 
earth, and fometimes faced or fined vrith lleae 
or brick, and fometinws with ibds, whickga* 
oerally advances towards the caniuaign, the 
bounding Gnef of it being two Ikces, Cwe 
flanks, and two denii-gotges, Gr. 

H0//0W BASTION 7 ( Fortfficatwt ) m 

rbria/ BASTION $ bcflion having only 
a rampart and a parapet ranging abont i» 
flanks and fices , fo that a void fpace is left 
towards the center. 

BA'STON 7 (in AfthUfShrt) the 

BATTOON 5 lame as Tsrat, a round 
member encompaffing the baie of a pUlar bc<« 
tween the Plinth and tha Ljfff. 

BATAVIANS, HoUamUntsr Batch yw- 
pic, who inhabit the Law Ctaatrin culed 
the United Pravimeet, 

BATCH'ELOR, the orighnl of this und 
is much centToveitwl by criticks j feme de» 
rive it from Bacca laarta, L. i. #. Laurel ber- 
ry, in allafion 10 the ancient cnfh>m of cfown* 
fng poets with lanrel, haccis laut ; others* 
of tacuktt or hacillat^ L. a f^aflT, becaoie 
(they fay) a ihiff was put hitr» the hand of 
batchelors at their commencement, as a iym- 
bol of their authority, of their ftudles being 
finiihed, and of the Uberty they wcrs rsftorod 
to. Hence the title of Batthflor of Arts, 
Di^aity, HMck, A^ 

: ^ BATCHE- 

Digitized by V30\ 

B4fiWU«Pll } t^ titlvvm aqoBoAr 

«i i4piiMl| Wit 49^ ia ci«c«0UU^fiB» to i«Me 
I (Wp^iji rf IjTfnf f(r rffrrrj 1 V tbeiate icnr* 
«l » lUl 9MI7 V4« «UinD44rd of $49^ 
«MiM. Mm* iihrwfii cfliqwi of tadr own* 

4Vi«li* WII«Tfl»lBtUM4v tW 4^oilgF 

BATCHELOR of ^^f (io (kfmd) 'm 
mm mh» l^ t^hsm tW Btft <Ug|oo io |i^ 
UhianlMlioM^f^fKf^ inofdcf to^iudilio 
Ifttiwiiito bo^r^drnt amo4]ra%i«4 
» 7 |coi%M Wlolitltd to ^Imof ouTter of 
ort^fM ioUtQk»Utcbdoro|4ivutft3r. 

lATCHHWE of ^^« (at Clfni^/^^) 
t)M titit ihort sviHom oDbr S r<^ ^4r» 

Ivrof Moiy* 
BiVTCHIlfORS On imp] ibe litk «<» 

oawn ibfl ■aAo to fto^Y 4 veaa. 

B4CHnQR» (io ir^K) ON moc fi|U 
^iorv vW> taM %n^Ui*4 tiUo^i|l««s >9 tike 
frft camfMUgo, and ^fcrf H¥fmtt4 vitft pl)e 
sHMttry or §Ut ijpowv 

«iro a title giTqi |t « fooog c^vflior, w)|0 

BATC^&ELOR (of hatyfMt, U o ftafF) i| 

that the young cavaliers eurciicd tbem^vca 
vitk 4|fl^ 104 huMen s Jbeoce tliay were 
nM B04f9i4fm ood fi0t9Jimi% iu the tlifto of 


BATCNVMUS ^ <irw« ipoi a #iUe im- 
Neatly giTf^to U^ft wi^ctOMOf riAo|i i» 
th^r fiHI oogogjipnieiit* 

lATWMtt(wth^teioii^t) oboocthe 
toi Of 7f<*<^ I % oavitv i« the booe of r^ 
um Of Ao«Mor 00 owh fido ooe» tboc 10- 
ceiva the procefs of the uodoriooft Oq4 \t^ 
of the two \qtm of t^e pibitt vboi the 
Wiiok Ma4»ftMtchfdootai|dWPf* 

P4TOH (in 4irfbft. ) a l^tige xiug or iQOuld* 
log in the ha£s of ^hiBO, otbervUe qi- 

T« BATT^R> (^«r<«#, to beot, F.) !• To 
beat» to beat down i fre^iieiuly nfod of waila 
Ihvowo 4o«iM> 1^ artiUfiyi or of the vioionce 
ofroginotof wpr. g, Towe^vwkhbeocing. 
3. Appltid to ^Un%\ to wcv 901 with ior* 

T« 9ATTHR» A word lOod «&lr 1»7 
wortoeo. The 6de of ji woll» or ooy tim* 
hev» that buJiM 6om its boctoip w iooodgT 
tiwi, IS ftild to Utuw* JUmaU AUeh. M^r. 

BATT£|LIK (fmm ^n^) he that 

B A 

Older for mSbon, 3. The ixaiBe « x&iai 
work, opQD whkh c«o«wwe a^otmtied. 

BATTERY «r fM^ {fBtfti/Uatim) a bo^ 
lory o&d to dteoVBt th£«ooiDyH eoi)iK>«. 

HATTEHV (iai4iopJ opaa that tcn^O 
to the breoch of the peace of the loalca^ 
bf voleptl^ MkingorbfotiotO mao« wh9 
oaor tbocftoo wdi^ the other peribn C9 h^v* 
the aaipn of tsc^^^ or a^nlt opd hot- 

BATTERV {in JUw) i$ the wro&g^ 
bfotiog of 9af»a, opoo whkh the pedba 
thm Wfortd may by an indiaatot ogaioft tbo 
oflFBodcr, or ho my have an adioo of fre%«ft j 
bot if the pUibtiff made the firft affaul^ ^0 
dffendaot AaU be iUkh^t^^, v4 Oieplaiitfiff 
O^U ho 0«9«<»4 l« the lUPg ior hif (|i% 

Bat ollboethig it aotiadia«MB or ;^toi«b}€, 
for a poribn in«r joSiiy the ^\iag of onothor 
Ibooo oflfcBOBy fo o« «io4efatoly to cori o£l him, 
at a ^Ohrr his fhiH, ^ mafter bit fen^OPt* 
Ofchooloaoftor hitpopili ^ likowUb if per- 
fq|B ihill attcflipt to tah« ^way vy ^ood^ S 
■ay % h^md^ opoo him ; oo4 if h« >friU oo| 
d^fifty majr beat him rather thJaa 1ft i^ carr 
Tl' them 9>WV' 

Menacing or threatsnug begins the breach of 
|ho peacoa aiftoltiog incrpAs it, a^d bji^teif 
tfc omii flies it. 

lomenmes not. 
BAVSi the makioii of ^jrr, f oyr« I 

gtf, &c, w^ brought into E^gUtndig 
Fiemin^s, who 6ed hither to avoid U^ ] 

BATTBRY (ftmi^P-B nkmaii, J^ 
r. The aft of UturiHg^ 9, Thtt iniltMiiMts 

^Plio babbler* 

To BAU^H (^«^- J^'jn*) •> w*» <f 

BAW>DfVP$^ IfWdnelfi. obfi:cne ^ 
eourre or action. 

MY •/ J«)ft i^lr^hit.) dke ^co bi^wist 
^o heaquy 

B^Y. a part of a ^ at thcfod w^ 
COTQ, &r<. is laid I thos if a barn ooofift or ^ 
iloqr ood two heedfwherp they lay cgvn, tiiej 
£w a b^uv of two ■Boy* 

BAIZ« a fort ^ WooUeo dod^ M^VV « 
long oap ftunetinifs l^eeeS on 9110 lidc, |n4 
fomecimes not. 

fvoid tl^c per* 
lociitioo of the dyke of 4h0» *^t tl^io 
fifth yeu of «oeon SHxa^k. 

BEj o preso^tioA comnon to the Tt^toageg 
Gem0M and ^oxov^ ^f . diaM i a^9 oow tfi 

Jo BE (beon, ^ajr.) IP esl|l. 

9EAM (beamy ^«r.) a ray of Hght pro«^ 
fStediog ffom (he foA or foy o|hor (ut^inot^ji 

BEAN C4|^yO fruit. 

BtANTrr^, anhorh. 

BEAR (beaji, beju, 5^.) wiM beaft. 

To BEAR, piei. / Ur4a « h'* i port. 
p»ff- V*t W *^|», (WoDon^ bejiaoa Spx* 
^^iror. Oothiek. It if mpfif^ ^ if^r^f ne 
th^ iri i# <^< ^ ^^) I, Ttoif ^ i^ori 



Digitized by ^ 


ttliridif^ciilMMic^ thtumutiiily 

tflfMlrtl. But «tt MlMftr <f MfMtf and 

^tAiIaeftv the dsSerent fignificati^MMtUlle 
|Nb{ limited ly exMnplct fMlB Mtho- 
ftid^iabiIoil|tobeKei«ilift#t««. W< Ikjr, 
t»A«ri Wurfcn, toi«ttrftrroi^»ie^iiMcli, 
b liiir a feab^ to 4t«^ « gv«^ t* ^'' 
fiuty^ttAMTcfciUren. %, To cknt at a 
Wffttk ). TocUivcytilrUrty. 4. To carry 
•rt ttrfc of aathentx. j. T& arry is a 
miiJcof diftoiftion. 6. To ctny as ifa (how. 
7i IbdHy 4* to t*u4. ^» T© A>pp«it, to. 
Ittp from falling. ^. Tb k^ afloat^ f 0. 
tl /i^^ #kli'pr6p6it3«iiate fiMhgCh. 1 1. 
To carry ia tk ftia4> as kf¥t, of liace. tt. 
neaniC| ai pf6^ witnonc nOKiR^t 13* 
^ fJ^, to BnkrgD. z4» T6 fftnnit> to 
SRriMtKtot tctttotMciitk 15* TA be cAj^- 
Hd; foMlftJt. f«, T» ^rodflte^ M fitit. 
IS. To bring forth, at a chiU. if. To 
^ in^ to. 19. T^ pdRA, «l fowtr or 
'MBir. td. IV) gi^ ta irlA* ftk. To 
BatDB, to keep up* 22. T^ ft|>poit any 
miMmUi. ±^ IbtthiUr. a4.To 
WaaMaUtftr. jfc5. Tb fopply. iS6, To 
letktl^a«f. lir- ^ behaVe> t» aft m 
iftnaa^. a€% Tb k^, toftftMiia. 2^ To 
hpeiy to ai|e, to pnfli. $0. T\> eoftdnA, 
t» ibiiiige. 31. Td {fdl* 3^-. 1^ lafcite> 
liiritoatK f^. Tfr Mir a body J eolonria 
iniiqg. u. To ^mt a «at»;nlle time 
ttnvqrmiji %vai #rittth. 35. 'Po4tar 
t|riS| to ha«t k ceHfeStt ta)be, ^6. "to 
iii^iB hand $ to amufe with (alft p rf t en ott , 
itiMhtk tr* To^«r02f$t6 v*ry#nray 
h fcrce* 3I 1^ ^MTtoTj Da Ittpjioy^ to 

To BEAR. i« To fulFer pain. %. To 
b|MK. 2^ T6 ie #hihfbl« tirproUfick 
4* T6 cake eSfied, to fncceed. 5. 'H) aft tir 
dttaakr. 6. Tb teli<, tfthi diftl^Ba t» anf 
V^ t. To «Q «i Ml ioipaliaiM, dr^a a 
"opocai power 5 fpnerally with tM^^itldlst 
ffm or t^a^. S. To sA ttpOft. ^» To 
W flaaM #Mi Hfp^to otherfiaMk. to. 
Tbiacrii^l to ftaiid firm without fallfiig. 
IL To to-tvri&l lo tnd«i« m anpfeafijf 

(NMr, Ttiie.) a tiling teade 
afe of to carry a dead fXfrfU 


BAA 7 



ca&id UrjMWM^uta intmr, 

^% BEfkRS (fpoMeh^ tolfertnir. 
y w hen ftb Ifet^^to ftan-ior fittiAera 
J"Rcr» finka too deep into the water, her 
"4^ Mb| 13^ and fo ^ ttttfe^oenci 
^onyfewt a ftftllVardfih. 

ToBBffit #id^r^rMrfer^^*« £wr5fti 
f^) k wlleii -a ^, #hiiai l^a to t^ 
^^Md, ^bUM «bler cM^b^iBp*a MHi, 

^ieiA«»'»itakf (S* r<9ili)4fl % dil«t4 

,^^*wlt wtiMild* 

B 8 

aft Ibch a alfetaM tfr liiiMl 1^ ftatar tcA • 

IhMfiMa tb lit the iiip fa IMm ftt large he* 
Ibrt the Vriiitf. 

IBARtKfiD Ot«;prr, a fk«tt>f llei«. 

■BAR^Ka (bi iS^offmp!^ mk M^l^ 
fh^) tte ftMitoa^f one fdaca A^Mk aattlicr^ 
that is, with rcfpea to the degtMft fT tite 
horift>fi> Ithieh by mvientoia utt idMd^ into 
3z e^nal patti, allied potim af ike 6Mn{«J^ 
thtereA>re n^icn they mre fbuM^lMt poilft 
of thft cMypaft will ttt^- ^tmn ftitm t«b 

place to another, thqr call that tlie M 
of tliAt phKe vHth Wpea to OttKflket. 

To BEAT, peter, htff^ palt. ^It. #Mr 
« ^«Mt» («atfri> P.} Y.To^Mlle, tolbUBcky 
to lay blow* Opofl. a. Tb ^OIHA 1»Rb ft)fpiS» 
orWows. 5. T^ftHk^aninrtitllfteMdriiiu- 
fl«k. 4^ To hMik to^^oMHiel'. tJftomihWli!- 
cate by hltwi, 5^ To fcrikfr bdhits «rgTO«iiid^ 
or Aake a «Mtiaa tb rtraM gitne. 6. To 
tl»efli» w^^ft tite eorn iM]tK>f the b^. 7* 
To misE things by 10lig<aMl fre^nl'aglltt^M* 
B. To. Wctt wlflk digiifH of "wte: ^ Ta 
difi, iii%M(i> or hnir, at IMNi. 10. 9b 
tread a path/ ir.fo4tnkea]^th^ by AHrlb- 
lAg k wifh sti^dft. xa» tV) ^(K{«iet, to fub^ 
<dat, tevAl^Bh* 23^ To*htttal!l» t* cftt* 
labour. 14. Tohy or preis,asfU]lffh|^vo«« 
'\f hMd wMllMr» 15. ty^ itpfefc. To fruih 
by r«peitB4ippo6tioii ; ^^hOf With49le ^ptf- 
tidb tffoe^a. ill. to drivtr by violtlM^. ly, 
1^ ttote wdh !fiitt«rfng at^tiOb. YS. To 
^at down \ to endeatOOt by xmnff \b' Mftb 
tMt t^*!^ demOidbd^ tt^. ^o ^Hii 4t%m f 
to fink or IdTen the value. %o, th ^wiN^i 
to MOMk ftgUeiiiy^ toaUrm. ttt. To ^M/ 
^ l&e^; to WaBt, to f o «ta feet. 

To BSAT. 1. To tioMt fir a ftaUktm^ 
way* 2. Todaib> MaYHiodOr'ADfin. 3. To 
I knodt ^t a^doer. 4. To itibveMlth frel^ent 
repetitions of the £ime*aftorftf0l9e. e. To 
t1frob> to 1» ifragiHifion) at a fote IWi&ng. 
^6. To Baaiilfe> lb be id^ agMMWy. ^. To 
trirdifirerentways,toftarch. 8. 'n>1li€Hip4A> 
VKh vidindt. 9. tt^ <i|$0Bk Atqotbtiy, to 
fvpeat, to eD^ce'by.petiddh. to. To Mt 
up, as to 6iat tf for foldsert. 

•llBAT, |Aiii|. puC. Cfrom Ae v»bl) 

BEAT C^'i^ofli tbfe ttt^) t. Btnrtee. %. 
tHjAiirtr of IMking. ). Mifii^ '6f Viof 
Ohack I 'to UNb $tM ^iYnt poRb, or a ftuin. 

BEATEN (from w Af<«r.) 

BEA'tCtlCfMar^Mrk)'!. An iafWutaont 
%ia wliiAr a*f tbij% ia <Miftebitft«i! %s 
imngled22. Aperfon moth gtttii to biowa* 

To ■ d8eO>'1wE pfiBt.' 'I pfttt^t^ WWIp. 'pret. 
f'Btft^ ^ii^i» TMm #y and ewMs) t. To 
'•thttt illtb^Ailiteltalb at <»rffitito,1^ a«h)i!f^e 
ftom fome och^. 2. t^iltmh* of; to he 
tit fibt1«^^4ittht>eiid'0f, to bt tht-fisat 
4k iih"^VtrMsj^1^M chit 

Digitized by 



#ori It never, or very fddodi vfed Init Irtth 
the interrogative wbat. 3. ff^i^e is bt he- 
mmf i9 nftd for vJMit ii iit^me of iim f 

To BECOME (ftttm St or iy, and 
tptmen. Sax. to pleafe.) i. AppUed to 
•eribnt> to appear in a manner fuitabie to 
lofBCtfaing. 2. Applied to things to be Mu- 
Ue to tlie peHon, to befit, to be congmoiu to 
tiie appearance, or chanlcter, or circum- 
Ibnct, in iucb a manner as to add grace | to 
W graceful. 

BECOMING^ (from Become) that whtdi 
ileaiei hy an elegant propriety ; graceful. It 
«• ibmctioMt tticd witli the particle of, but 
teneraUy without any goveriunent of the fol- 
lowing words. 

BECOMINGLY (from Sicom) af^er a 
hecoming or proper manner. 

BECOMINGNESS (from ienmng) de- 
«enqf, degant congruity, propriety. 

Mor it the majefty of the divine govern- 
Acnt greater in iti extent, than the hecomitig-' 
aeft hoeof is in its manner and form. 

GrewU Co/moitgia Satra, b, iil. r«.T. 
I To BEGREA'SE (of i» and grajjlfe, F.) 
to dawb or fmear with g^eafe. 

To BEGRl'ME (of ktgrimtn^ Teut.} tn 
dbwb or fmear with grime, as the black of a 
p»ndge*poC, chimney, &c, 

BEHA'ViOUR (of be «nd habban, $ax.) 
carriage or demeanoiur, either as to perfoa or 

BEHEAl}'lNO.(of beheacV^an. Sm,) was 
firft ttfed in £^fUml, in the year 1072, in 
the time offf'ititsm the oonqneror, H^alt^f 
•arl V Huntington, being the firft nobleman 
that was beheaded here. 

BEHSLT) (o^beheal^. Sax.) looked 
1000, or did behold. 

BEHOLiyEN X (of be and healtoan, 

BEHGLD'ING i Sam to hoU, f. si. 
folding of another) onder an obligation to a 
peribn for iavoun beftowed. 

BEHOOF (of behojiao, S^.) bounden 
4tity, obligation, &e, 

BEHOO'VABLE (of behopm. Sax. and 
akU) becomingy to be done u a duty | alfo 
prontable, uferal. 

BE'INO (in Meta^hfich) it diftinguiihed 
Into Com^Ux or Jneomfkx, Rationai or Reai, 
ABual or PottntiaL 

A fafUint BEING, is that which hat a 
Jeal csdiUDce in the courfe of nature. 

A Uegmtiw BEING, defrroys this ex- 
iftente, and if it deftroyt it abfulutely, it is 
rperfed Negative Being, 

A frhfatiw BEING, is that which only 
f reventt itt being in a fubjefty which was ca- 
pable to fcceive it. 

AltMtianalBZlUG (in Metaphyfich) it the 
S^erepiodu£k of realbn, and hat no exiuence, 
hat in the mind in Idea ; and cealet to be, 
when it it not thought upon. 

A Real BEING, (in Metaphyfich) it a 
$vnt tUt kaotprcdgccd \t$ the ftrqsgdi of 

B E 

lifiaginatioii or ftq|y| bat lias a real' 
in nature befoie any thought or conccptioA of 
the tnindf 

An ASualVtmb (in MetafMch) at 
fttch a Bung that aC^nally doet exix in tiM 
order of nature, whether it depends njotk %af 
caufe. in «ider to produee it, as an Ji^nt f or 
whether it be before all canie, as God, 

A Potpntiai BEING (in Metefiqjtcki) h 
a Being that may be produced by tBe power 9f 
ibme agent. 

To BEL ARBOUR (of ^ and Uhrah, L.) 
10 beat or bang foundly, 

ToBELAM' (probably of /ew/>. Put.; to 
mak^ Jame) to bciit or bang Ibocdly. 

BELAN&'E ^ akindof /eaveflelhkT* 

BELAN'DRE S iog Cult and tackle lilcf 
a hoy I bot broader and flatter, Seldom abotc 
34 tun, and are ufed to oany mercknta 
aoods. F. 

To BELAY (pf be anfl lay} to Men aay 
nmniog rope fo, that when it is haled it caa« 
not run out agvn. 

BELEM'NITES (of fiik^, tir, a dart) 
the arrow-head or finger-ftone, a kind dP 
ftone of a whitUh and fometimes a gold colour, 
fo gamed becaoie of itt rdemblaoce to the 
point of an arrow. 

BELI caUns (i. e. Bohs't eye) a kind of 
preciout ftone that refemblet an eye. L» . 

BEL. See Baai, 

BELL fovu0rs (with riorijlt) a pleafaaC 
fk)wer, of which there are leveral Ibia calloi. 
alfo blew-beUE. 

BELL mttal^ a metal made by amittKc of 
copper and tin for cafting bcUs. 

BELL pear, a pear called alfo a gtouiid 

BELLrOERUOS (i<%r, L.) makifis pt 
waging war. 

BELLIE'F (S^Jeapa, Sax.) credit* 

BENIXABLlb (of bentoan, SaxAthatmmf 
be bended. 

BENDS (of a fiif) the outermoft timbers 
of the fide, to fet the feet on itt ciambing nn^ 

BENDWITH, anherb. 

BENEFACTRESS, a female benefaOor. 

BENEFACOVRE lUatfaamra, L.) a 

BENEFICENCE (konefictntiH, L.) the 
doing of good officet, a debgbt in doing g6o4 
toothers, kindoeis, Uberali^. 

Simple BENBFICES, are fuck when 
the parfons are only obliged co read prnyav. 

Sacerdotal BENEFICES, are fuch where 
they are charged with the care of fouls, &^c* 

BENEFICENCE {ky the Mora/ijh) it tke 
higbcfc ami moft illuftrioos ftraln of ham's* 
nity, when a man out of a pure indiaatioo^ 
that arifes either from a native geaerofity of 
foul, or from pity and coapsffion to poiba 
in diiUefs, is at tome paint or charge in be« 
ftowipg freely upon nathm what may r^- 



JBvie hm uta&tfot pvmiMte bii advaatfgt. 
Iki Titftoe tfeot anfwen to benefice in the 
pNr» is fratitodt in the receiro. 

BENGAL' (of BemgrnU in the £i^Z«. 
&f)albrtorfiIk, Gfr. 

BBNIGN<N£SS {kemgaieas^ h.) fweet- 
Mftflfii^HBfitiM^ Soodneft^ kindnels» coor- 

UmOHTrBD ci be and nihte. Sax*) 
iMWUlin by the m^lit or darkneiss alle 

umarr, nhuh. 

KNT (of bcn^sB, S^x.) prone, inclind 
ti beeeMvcd open; M> bowed, crooked. 

BBRUM'MEDNESS, n being benoramed. 

WVOtiH (beoyin, Ssx. a prince or other 
ebiif flMs) it Is a poetical word, and from it 
fKWBtMBmri^9 chief in cosniel, Beon^d, 
apriBotly Mnnda 

BZPIST' (of Jo and pifa, Dan.) wetted 

lEqD£ATirMENT> « legacy. 
SQUUnrBMENT, adepiivation» of be- 

im bcROvcd or depiivcd of any thing. 
lERG *% (of «»f>0-> Gr. wkh the an- 
BORG C cient Fbngi^w jeify, according 
BU&O C to Mr. Baxter) figmfies a caiUe 
BYRG 3 o^ a city, or a mountain forti- 

Bed with a celUe, a ntf^ any phoe of haU- 

BERENICES bair (wf/fwi.) a eonftella- 
tian caHed <«■# Benmca In the northern he- 
mS^/btwtp conitftiBg of ftars near the Uon^a 

BrRIA 7 {Old L, rttPfdi) a flat, wide 

BEREOi} plain or heath, and from hence 

feveralfaf^e meaiiowsor open groondt are ftill 

cafled B^rria or Btri-fitidt, Hence the Ur- 

mmataam of OMoy namet^ as ^^nkerj or 

BERaJN, a fort of traYelliog c?rtiage, 
chdr, ckaifot, 9ic. foch aa arc oied hi Ber-' 

BERRr^ the iame as if 0inMi^i&. 

BESifltE^^r bean, i. e. ill I^ck attend 


BESI^DES (of be Mttf pbt. Sax.) over 
asd above, more than. 

To BESMiVAK (of betfWpnaciao, Ssx.) 
to make Cmoaky or fmoaked. 

BESPOKE {of be 4W fpccan. Sax.) 
fpoken for; alio inchanted. 

To BESPAUL (of h BnAffayen, Tent.) to 
%kaho«i or make filthy by fpitring. 

To BESPE'AK (of be tf«^ n«!can» Sax.) 
to fpok for ibmething ; to give order tor it 
«i he aaade; alfo to inchant. 

To BESPIT (of be and fpitto^ Sax.) to 

^ ToBESPOT(of kanfj!^, Teut. igm^ 
My)tocaa<c^ottoo, &t. 

To BESPITPTBR (of bt mtidfpatare, L.) 
to %it or Bift fplttk opoo. 

BEASTLINESS [kt0jNaMtai, L. ) the 
eewiiaUuu of n aaai or womaa mink aboaft ; 

BfiSTIAIlII (among th« RMMot) t&oih 
ften who combated With wild beafts. 

Thefe were dtlier captives taken in war, 
or flaves gailty of crimes $ t^y were ctpofed 
trnarmed to the fiiry of. raveaoq» wHd beolh^ 
and if they mafteved Ode, another was ftn^ 
mediately kt upon them ; and in the times of 
perfecution, efarillians were thus worried to 
death, to makt fport for their heathen per- 

Sometimes aHo young men armed, Ch 
Ihew their btavery and dexterity, u n de r too k 
thefe encounters, and fbmetimes with thofe 
of their own fpecies, and fome again prac* 
tiied this fort of fport for the fake of money. 

To BESTREW of f tjiephin. Sax.) t» 
ibew, to fcatter about. -» 

To BESTRroE (of be and raicbea^ 
Sax,) to get op aftride on a hoHe^ kfc. 

BETHCUOHT (of be^«encan, Sax.)m 
call to mind. 

BEVEL atigfe^ figni^ei aHy angle that il 
neither 00 nor 45 degrees. 

BEVY of Farhidga (with Fimdkrf) 5 b • 

BEW (b a MaaphmcaJ fmfi) ft a knot 
or eompuny of perfons, n a My of gt^tp 
•f kxa^n, See, 

To BEWILDER (of be and Til^nffTt^ 
Sax. a wUdernefi) to Icare, to afiHght^ to 
put into confttfion. 

BEV, a governor of a maridme tovVB dr 
country in the Tvrkf/h •txpire. 

Oriental BEZO'AR. is that which COmet 
from feveral parCb of the Sifi hidipu 

Oeeidetttal BZZOAK, is what is broogfft 
firora the ffyi Indies fxom Peru, and b ^nd 
in the belly of^feveral animals peculiar to 
that countryt 

German BEZOAR, ik fhond in the ftd- 
m^ch of for*** ^ws, efpecially in the C&t" 
moit and Jfr- e wdigh 18 ounces, bdt 

it is not r ^ -m in medicine. 

BEZOAKa. . tmedt^ (in MediM) 
cordial medicines or remedies or antidotes a* 
gaUifl poifon or infe^Hoos diftempers. 

HIA'NGULOVS {hiangnln, L.) having 
two cornen. 

BIB (probably of ^'^«rf, L.) a gtirmeatof 
linnen for the breall of a child. 

BIBA'CITY (^liociVfi, L.) great or hiud 

BIBA'CIOUS {biixx, L.) stucfa ^«B.tO 

BIB'BER {biberen, F* bibo, t.) a toper of 

BI'BLE (of ttCx^ Or. / . i. a book) the 
colleftion of the Iwoks of the Old and A/Ho 
Ttfiament, (b called by way of eminence. 

The iirik tranOation of the books of tho 
Old Te/tement was out of the Hebrno into 
tlte Greek, br the 72 interpreters, and thence 
it is called the Septvagtnt, and f^m the Sep^ 
tuagint it was tranHattd intoLorr^^ which it 
a^dthe oldXorm yff^on* 

* Digitized by GoOglC^^ 

B I 

The Lathit hu^t v«riout moAem rerfions ; 
but two tba ue uiticAt^ as ti»t which k 
calkd the Jtalick, and that of St. Jermi, 
which ii called the ^uhar -, becaafie it was 
coofirmed by the councO of Trent for Yulgat 

The pialms were trandatcd into Englifi 
Saxcn by Mimt bifljop of Sbtri»ty*fi, about 
the year 709, aijd Eaifriih (ff Echert, biOiop 
of tittdiffim^ tranflated fcveral other parti 
Jatothe fame language about the year 730, 
and FfiuraUe Bede translated the whole about 
.the yaar 735. And about the year 13^7* 
John Trevi/a publiflied the whole in Eitglijb^ 
althercqueft oiTboma* I-ord Berkely. WiUtam 
^iniial ^iftcrward* tranflated it, in the year 
>534> and it was brought to £"1^^"^ 
from jiatVHrp in the 21ft year ot tbc 
reign of H^Mry VIII. and then printed, but 
hieing eiceptcdagainftj a revifionand alteration 
'was publiihcd in i53S> with a preface by 
.archb'iihop Crtffi««r. In 154.9 and in 155X, 
another tranilation waa reviewed by feveral 
^iflix^^ and fiona them called the bifliops 

k was again tranflated in the reign of 
king Jams I. about the year 7603, the di- 
vifion of the bible into chapters was in the 
year iz^z. 

In 1604, a.t the Ham/tcn'court conference, 
a new trandation was refolved upon, which 
.was performed in the year 1607, and is what 
is now ^nerally oied by all 'parties in Great 

BIBLIOTA'PHIST (of btblitapbu$, L.) 
«f ^tCXioro^, of /3^\^9 a book, and ro^ni, 
a lepolchre, Gr.) an hider or burier of 

BIBUOTHE'CA (iKCxw^'jw, Gr. of 
$fyj^ and diiM^ a repofittoy) a place where 
btfoks art kept, a libnry, a ftody j alio the 
books themfelves. L, 

BIBLIOTHE'CAL (^'MW£«(a//'i, L.)of, 
or belonging to a library. 

BlBLICXTHECARy {biblutthtcariMt L.) 
a library 'keeper. 

BlBUtOUS {bibulys, L.) given to bibbing 
or drinking much or often ; fucking up, as a 
fpunge, the fea fand, &e. 

To BICICER (probably of bicre, C. Brit,) 
to tilt, tq ikirmiih i alfo to wnisi^e, to 
quarrel, &{, 

JBI'CORNE, the bone of the tongue cal- 
led alio byoidcs* 

BID, I hid, kadi badt ; I have bid or 
bidden (bib*ban, Sax,) i. To4efire, toaflc, 
to call, to invite, a. To command, to or- 
der, before things or perfoos. 3. To offer, 
' to propofe, as to bid a price. 4. To proclaim » 
. to offer, or to make known by fomc poblick 
voice. 5. To pronounce, to declare. 6« To 
denounce. 7, To pray. 

BIDDEN (from to bid.) z. Invited. 2. 
BIDDER (from t».i^.} one who oSers 

B I 

•r propofesa price. ' . • 

BIDDING (from bid) command, arder. 
To B1D£ (from b:*»an. Sax.) To ending 
to fufier. 

To BIDE. !• To dwell, to live, to In- 

All knees to thee Ihall bcw, of them that bid* 
In heaven, or, earth, or under earth in bell. 

Far, Lep^ h. iii. 
2« To remain in a place. 3. To contione 
in a ftatc. It has probably all the figaifi- 
cations cf the word abide ^ but it bdng 
grown fomewhat obfolete, the examples of 
its various meanings are not eafily fbiuid. 

BIDENTA'LES (among the Remans) 
priefts inftituted for the performance of eer* 
tain ceremonies on occafion of a thunder* 
bolt*8 falling on any place. They vrece fo 
called of Bidentai{i. e. flieep of two yeara 
old having teeth on each fide) whkhthi^ of- 
fered in facrifice. 

BI^FI'D (with Botamfls) a leaf, &c, of a 
plenty is fo called when it is-cut or divided 10- 
to two parts, L. 

BI'FERGUS {bifirus, L.) beatmg douUe { 
alfo bearing fruit twice a year. 

BIFIDATED {bifidatut, L.) cot or deft 
two parts, cloven into two parts. 

BlfO'ROVS {bi/erisy L.) that has double 

BI'GAMIST (bigamut, L.) one that hath 
two wives or huAamla at the nme time, 

BFGENOUS {bigens and bigemth L.) 
bom of parents of two diflFerent nations ; al* 
fo of parents of different kinds. 

BPGAT, an ancient Reman coin ftamped 
with the figure of a chariot drawn by twe 
horfes abieaft, in value equal to the Denarht^ 
or feven pence half-penny Euglipi money. 

BIGARRA'DE, a kind of great •- 
range, F. 

To bold by the BIGHT {Sea Pbrafe) u to 
hold by that part of the rope that is coded or 
rolled up. 

BI'OOT (bigot^ F. probably of bey and 
gott. Germ, or by God, Engl) a perfon who 
ftiffly adheres to a party or prince. 

BIGOTTED, become a bigot, xeahmfly 
and obftinately adhering to a party or priati« 
pie in religion. 

BIGOT'TISM, a ftiff adheience to a 
party or opinion, though without or agamft 

BIJU'GOUS (bgvgns, L.) yoked or cou- 
pled together. 

BILIN'GUOUS {biUnguit, L.) that caa 
fpeak two languages j double tongued, de* 

BIL'IOUS [bmefrt^ L.) fuU of bUe or 

BILL of Debt (in Coai«er«f } is the (aoie at 
a bond or writing obligatory; only being 
drawn in Bfij^h/h, it is called a biH ; bat 
when in Latin a bond ; or a bill is « fiogle 
bood'withottt »J\^ coAditlQa anneud, Irhereat 

Digitized by VjtOOQIl « b«* 

B I 

1 toad hM a penalty and cofklition. 

Bitt of Ritfiew. See Rnfino- 

BILL (in Ps^liametit) a paper containing 
mofitioiit ofiered to the hoales to be paflTed 
ay the king, and tbea prefcnted to the king 
ts p«6mto an a A or law. 

BIL'LETS, httle iJlaMA. 

BILl«ON (in ainaze) a fort of bafe metal 
•thcr of ffHA or filver, in the mixture of 
vkkheoppcr predominates. 

BUIA'RLAN {bimarh, L.^ of or per- 
IH| to two feaa. 

BUCE'DIAL (with BdathemaHdant) if two 
C medial Unes> at 

B| t ID BC and CD 

^ ' * connDcnforable 

mij m power, containing a rational re^an- 
1^ areco^ipoiinded, the whole line B D fliail 
kinadonal, and ii called a firft bimedjal linct 

BrNARY jiritbmttia, an arithmetick, 
ia wliich, inikad of the Jo figures in the 
omaoa arithmetick, and the progrefiion 
ftm 10 to \Oy only two ligam are ufnl j the 
tvolgaRs are o and i, and the cypher mul- 
tirfksctcfy thing by 2, as in common arith- 
■etkk by 10. Tbua i ia i, 10. a, 11. 3, 
SCO. 4, (Tc. 

BINARY Number, one coropoied of two 

BINARY Meafurt (in Mnfiek) is a mea- 
hat vkrrni yon beat equally, or the time 
«f nfirg is c^ual to that of falling. 

To BIND J I bound, bound or bounden^ 
f}u*%^. Sax,) f . To confioe with btnds, to 
Ochah : a. to gM, to enwrap, to involve. 
3. to iaftcn to any thing : 4. to faften toge* 
Act: 5. to cover a wound with dreffiogs and 
kudsfes: 6» to compel, toconftiaint 7. to 
«k ise ht ftipttbtion or oath : 8. to oblige by 
^ty oriaw : 9. to oblige by kindnefs : 10. to 
^■ifiBe, CD binder: 11. to binder the flux 
<f the boweb, to make coftive : 11. To re- 
'haaa : 13. to bind a book, to put it in a co- 
Wf : 14. xmbind to, to oblige to fcrve fome 
••e : I ^, ti&bind to, to contract with any body : 
l6- to^=«tfover, to oblige to make appearance. 
.^ Jo BIND. I. To contraft the parts to- 
Ifntr, to grow ftiff and hard : a. to make 
•ihe • 3. To be obBgatory. 

BIBTD ; a fpecies of hops. 

BINDER ; a fillet, a (hred cut to bind with. 

BINDING (from to btnd) a bandage* 

BINDWEED, an herb. 

BIlfDING (with Fulconers) is a tiring, or 
«^ a hawk ibacs. 

BtNN (binne. Sax ) a great chift to put 
•w^ ffg, in, 

BINOI^IAL R9ot{\nMatbeMatieh)}AZ 
^Aotcampofed ^ two parts joined by the 
%»J-: Thttf x-4-y «r a-f-b, or 3-f-4 Is a 
■-rW roae, conftftingof the Turn ot two 
Wtfbv 8 If k hasthfce parts as x-|-y+<» 
I* lifted a Trtnomtaif and any root confift* 
^K4mett than thcce paru is called a 

B I 

BmJyMIKdVS Ibinomah, L.) that hatb ' 
two names. 

BrPAROU^ [biparns) that bath bmught 
forth twice. 

BIPE'DAL (of bipedalis, L.) of two feet 
long, wide, &e, 

BIPEDAL'ITY {bifedoHios, L.) thft 

length of two f«t. *' • 

BlPEDATTEOUS {biftdaneut, L.) two 

feet thick, deep or hollow within the gronnd* 

BIPETALOUS {of bis and vs1«Xsv, Gr.) 

confifting of two flower leaves. 

B1QUA'DRATE> '. #. a double qvadratccr 

BIRD'* Eye, Foot, Tmtjw^ Nefi, fa many 
diflTcrent kind of herbs. 

Tbe BIRTH of a Mefi (on Sbipboard) thr 
proper place for a mefs to pat their chelb in. 

BlKTH-fTort, an herb. 

BIRTH (Beoppe, Sax,) the defcent, ex* 
tradHon or original of a perfon. 

BIRTH (Sta Term) is us'd to figdfy 
room or covenience for, either for falling or 
living i hence the phrafe ; he has g'^^ten a 
good birth, which means he has gotten a 
good place, for either convenience or profit. 
^ BIRTH'RIGHT (of beoppe, and fUfav, 
Sax,) the honour or eftate belonging to the 
firft-bom or prior In birth. 

BISCOTFN {Coafea.) a confeAion made 
of fine flower, powdered fugar^ marmalade^ 
the white of eggs, &e, 

BISH'OPRICK (of bipcod and pic % 
kingdom, Sax,) the province or juriidi^ioii 
of a biftop. 

BiSH'OP'i Uavci, an herb. 

BISHOP'i fFort; the plant called allb ' 
Catbanne*% flower. 

BISMUTHj oihtrwUe called tin gbft, is 
a mineral and femi> metal, compofed of the 
firft matter of tin ; its fubftance is hard, hea- 
vy, iharp, and brittle, of a large grain, poliih*d 
white and ihinning. It is alfo called Mar* 
cafitt, on account of its extraordinary white- 
nefs and beauty. It contains an arjenitai 
fait that renders it very dangerous to be tSiken 

BIS'QUET (probably of bit, twice, and 
C049irj,hakcd) a fort of havd baked-breador ca|^ 

BIS'KET 7 (with Confiaitntn) a oom» 

BIS'QUET 5 pofition or fine flower, eggs, 
fugar, fge. 

To BISSE'CT. See B/>5. 

BI'STER I (with Painters, &e.) a co- 

Bl ST RE 5 bur madeof the (bot of chim- 
neys boiled, and afterviatds diluted in water, 
to wafli their defigns. 

Bl'SUS, or Pants Bifius (ancient Deeds) a 
brown loaf, or brown brud. 

BISUL'COUS {bifcuJus, L.} cfeven-footed^ 

BIT, a little piece of any thing. 

A BITE (a bi«e. Sax.) any hurt madeby 
the teeth ; alfo a quantity bitu^flf at oscc ; 

K a Digitized by VaOv *^^* 

B L 

ijfo » <|M>t, • trkk«r I allb a ^faarj^ 
trick, €^c. 

BITTy « ^jKtef fiWcr in Bmrhaius, tttr- 
fent at feven pence half-penny. 

BXTXNGNJKSS (of bican, ^4W.) Aarp- 
Acft of ufte, or puoeency of words, &( . 

BITTER (bi«ej^ Stof,) i. Having t hot, 
tcrii, biting taAe, lUcc wormwood: ».iharp, 
Cfnol, fnreittt %• ciltmitooa, mi&rabJct 
A. p«iBfoi» indtaiAnt : 5. iharp* leproachful, 
J^Vjf^fvaX : 6. ao«mAi^ afiUfUd : 7. in any 
iBanner, unpIeUiog or hoitfol. 

BITTERLY (&08iA/rr«r) i. Witha^iV- 
Hr tafte : x. in a ^tttr manner, forrowfuUy, 
CibuaMtai(tys 3. fliarply, feverely. 

BITTERNESS (from kitttr) i. A hitur 
||#ec s. malice, grudge, hatred, implaca- 
bility I 3. fliarpneft, feveri/^y of Unper : 4. 
6tyre, piqoanqr, kcenneft of reproach : 5. 
moyv, Teotion, affli£lion. 

BITUMEN, aa inflammaUe matter, fat 
1^ un^iovs, which NatMralifis diftinguiih 
IfiCo Uute ftftt, hard, foft, and liquid or oily % 
luie [||tam0ia art ibflali, othen ar/ found 
iotting onMes, uA otl^en fpriog out of the 
earth Uke fountaiaa, one kind of it is a fort 
. ^ lUme, clammy like pitch, and fmellin^ 
^naethiog Uke brimftone. TJie ancients ufcd 
It inftead of mortar for buiidingi and alio in- 
te4 of oil for lamps. 

. BIVEN'TER (with Auatmifis) the fixth 
mnfcle of the jaw, and laft of thoie that (errc 
IP open it J it is called Broenur on account 
«f iti having as it were two bellies for its 
two extremities, and a tendon in the mid- 
. BIX-WORT, an herb. 

BLACK (blac, Sax,)^ a ceJour, is fome- 
yrhat opaque and porous, which imbibing all 
the light falling on it reflet none, and for 
that reafoo exhibits no colour. 

BLAGK.NE3S (blacncfi^. Sax.) feems 
to aclfe from fuch a peculiar texture and 
£tuation of the fuperficial parts of any Uack 
hody, that doth, as Jt were, deaden and 
abforb the light fallen upon it, and reflet 
none or very little of it outwards to the eye. 

BLACK-BIRD, a bird well known. 

Bt ACK ^tti^^flr (with Ovm^i) t 
is exprefled by this charaAr. o T o 

To BLACKEN (of lladan, Sax^y to 
make or grow black ; to fcandalize, &c, 

^LACK-SMITH (of bUc and SmTS, 
Sax.) a worker in iron. 

BLADE (blarb. Sax.) a leaf, with ^cta- 
nifth t^* firftfprout of a plant that comes 
out €f the ground, fo long as Ix is eafy to 
be cropped. 

BLADE, a bravo, an hefkor ; alio a fpruce 
^low, a beau. 

To BLADE it, to go flaunting or vapour- 

BLAIN (Men, Jiit, Ue!^ene, Sax,) with 
Surfrtans, ai angry po&, lomewbat rtUm* 
tii;;g tlic ^m-Jl'fcXt but redder and much 

B L 

painfuUer, and is one of the ^mptaqu ef 
the plagae. 

BLAIN (In Cattli) a diftemper, heii^ m 
bladder full of wind and water, rifing froog 
the root of the tongue, which grows large^ 
and will at laft flop the breath cf the btaft. 

BLAME ABLE (from ^ibw} culpaUe^ 

Virtue is placed between two extremes^ 
which are on both fides equally hlamtabU. 

Drydeai't Dufrtfim^ 

BLAMEABLENESS (hom blamtabU^ 
fault, the ftate of being liable to kimat, 

BLAMEABLY (from hUmeaUt) culpabl^t 
in a manner liable to cenfure. 

To BLAME {blatmr, F.) t. To cenfure, 
to charge with a fault : it generally^ implies 
a flight cenfure : %, to hlamt has ufualiy x!^ 
particle /or before the fault: 3. fomctimes, 
but rarely, of. 

BLAME (firom the verb.) i. Fault, tin* 
poution of a fault ; 2. crime, that which 
produces or deferves cenfure : 3. jiurt. 

BLAMEFUL L (&om btami abA Jmll) 
criminal, guiity, meriting ^itnoe. 

BLAMELESS ffiom bUme.) i. CoilOersa 
innocent, exempt nrom cenfure or blaau : a« 
Aunetimes it is ufed with o/l 

We will be b^mehfs of this thme oath. 

BLAMELESSLY (from blamlefs) inool 
cently, without crime. 

BLAMELESSNESS (from blamehfi) in« 
aocence, exemption from cenfure. 

BLAMER (from biam) one that bUutet 
or finds fault, a cenfurer. 

BLAME-WORTHY (from blame , aad 
vortiy) culpable, blameabit^ worthy of blaxu 
or cenfure. 

A BLANCH'ER {blanjcbijfear, F.) a 

BLANCH'fNG {blancbenunt, F.) a white, 

BLANCH-LION fi. e, white lion) the 
title of one of our purfevants at arma. 

BLAN'DIMENT {blandmentum, L.) 4 
thing plea fan tly done or fpoken. 

BLANR'NESS, palenefs, &€. a beiac 
out of countenance or ahaihed. - 

BLANK Vtrfes, verfes without rhimes. 

BLAPSiCONr A (^\«4«x^«, Gr.) a dif« 
eafe in bees when they do not breed, or their 
young ones mifcarry. 


BLASPHE'MER {b^fphmateur, F. bUf. 
phemator, L.) one who fpeaks blafphemy. 

BLASPHE/MY {BXarfnfxU, Gr.) an ot- 
tering of rnroachfui words, tending to the 
difhoooor of God, (jgff, vile, bafe language. 

bUJthcmiay L. Bxaa-^vfAlt, Gr.) blafphemy. 

BLASTED (of blapt;. Sax,) withered 
with the winds j mart'd, fpoiled, dciboy* 

Digitized by C3OOgl(gj^^5j£0 

BLASTSD Gwa^ cam that it fmt vd 
1^ ia cIm ear^Juviag bot little m it. 
MIS (ia -fffftf*;} t^ inwasd bvk of » 

tBBc, r. 

To BLEACH (pcobaUf of kkfim, T««t. 
Myftf, Z>«/. or cfaiecen^ Sax.) to whkci^ 
f» ^ a the fno. 

BLEAKNESS* ooUm& of the wiii4. 

'BLEAE-'ifA hvnmg the cvDoiuI cofug^ 
ipf of thecycs x«d zdA tvdcd ootvax^ 

BLEATIKG (of Vlc^aa, jliur.) the ay- 
i^of Oeep. 

BLEEiyXNG (of hhnm, &».} ienl^g 
m letam% oat of blood. 

BLEPHAROXISO'UM ((^/?x^(«r, and 
|j^ to Icnpe off y Gr.) an inibntuneQt fea 
■lOiog bain oot of the eye-lid. 

BLES'SEDNESS («f bleni»«> ^^v-) ^ 
licky* beatitude* 

BLINDTOLD (of hU% aad ieal^aa, 
^0 haviaf the eyes coveted. 

BLIND Nmie, and herb. 

BLDtirNESS (blu^em* ^^0 v*<^^ 
ef iffaty a priration of tha (eaCition of figbr^ 
arifi^ £tooi a total dcf rivatioa of tha orgaoa 
T i^ or an imrohtftaiy obftru£Haa of their 


BLISTULNESS (of blii^e and ftill, &«r.} 

To BLISSOM, to kap at a xan does vp- 

To BUSTER Ihivjfitr^ Dtttth) to taife 

BLITES, a kind of beet^ an hob that has 
IcaRe aay tdle or fceat* 

BLITH'NESS 7 fof bli^enerr^ 

BLITH'SOMNBSS 5 £m.) abeiag very 
fkaiast or merry. 

BUTH'LY (of be and if. Sax. life) 
hUklj, fcadily, faft, apace. 

BLOACH» a poftsle^ wheal or fmall 

BLOCK, a piece of marbie as it comes 
9«t of the ^utfry. 

BLOCK (with Faleuurs) the perch wham. 
oo the hawk ia kept. 

BLOCK IsM9ds, a piaec «f land aaciest- 
Ify that which isoow cailad freehold land. 
. DmM blocks (ia » Slifl a» foch as 
are nied whea mack ftrengtV .is le^iredj 

they wiH porchafe witk mora asJGi 
thio fiiigk blocks, tho* much (lower. 

BLOCKm/ BLOCI^ {Sra Tsrw) a phrafe 
ofbd whea two Uoeks meet, ia haliog any 
uJtle or heUyaid, haviog fock blocki he« 
iajpag to theas. » 

FISHBLOCK (ioa5Af» is a block hoa« 
iaa knot at the end of a davit; the uie of 
k k tQ hak op the flooks of the anchor t9 a 

SNATCH-BLOCK (In a Sk'^) is a lai«a 
Uock with a flurer in it. and a notch cot 
Uusoih ooe of its check s, for the more 
mdy receiving in of any rope* It is oTod 
Ik the 6a QTihe windia^ UcUc, 

To BLOOU'DB {HHikmrn TMoyta «op 
or fllut up all the aveaueaajMr jpaOa^, and 
hinder all ii^telUi^aGft bas|{ fent lato or oiit of 
town or lot} iq tha( it may leceive ap 

BLOCK'HBAO(af ^M. Teat, and 
beafbby Siut^ the head) a ftopid, igAoiaat^ 
fallow. Of a, 

BLOQK'I&H (of ^Zk&» TeuL} Ignoiaat 

BLQCK'I8HHES$> ftapidSt^ ^. 

BLOOD (hkf^ Sax. and IX^.) a wam md 
liqottr or kwaour, ciicuUtij9g 1^ means of at* 
tenes and veins through every partof the body $ 
by mkrofctopea the blood appeasa to confift of 
little red globules f adauoing. in an aqneoualu 
qour„ fupporod toi be the amor aad JMm. 

BLOOIVLESS (blQ^kr» ^^^< ^^^ •• 

BLOODINESS (of blobi^Den^^ ^Uut,} 
abeineUaady in body^ aifo bloodyhaBladed* 

BLOOO-jMr thefpUU»gof hliiad,«nir« 
dcr, flaogkter. 

iLOQDrfietteH^ a ^flamper of tha qra% 
when the bloadvdlhls are verym«okcxtai|JM» 
io as to aaake the eyea appear xed^ 

BLOOM'INOi (of Uorm of blotf* 

BLOOM'Y 5 wm, i$M.y Uoflimaag 

BLOS'SOMLESS, without blotfomt^ . 

BLUB Mantlt^ tbft tifeb^ of ooa of oar 
pOKfevaatiat arms. 

TunfiU BLUEx a Una vStd by pidattft» 
by boiling a qoarter of a poaad. of tornfiik kl 
a pint aad half of wattr. 

BLU'^NO tf Metals (miih Gikhn) ia th« 
heating any metal till it has afltunoi a bbia 

To BLXmOEB (ttkmdenm,VtktS!b^l i. To 
miftak« gmfrJiyj to err very widely, to miftaka 
ftopidly : it is a wood implyiogi contempt s a* 
to noundbsTi to fhunbk. 

To BLUNDIRi to myc feoUAly dr. 

BLUVDl&R (from the veib). a fmCa or 
ihaoBt^^ miAakaa 

BLUNDERER (fiomMDid:cr>a'maaapC 
tp commit hhixderf^ a btackWd* 

BLUNT, havkg a dall edse oc point. 

ABLUNTFettw, onewhoisfioeefoaad 
plain inhia dir^mrfe^ oot o^ng fawnhig:oc 
cemplsifauce, but fiddly repmaiiyperiiBoafif 
their follies or aims* 

BLUNTI'SH, IbmethiQi Uuatt not wy 

To BLUR, to Uolor ftp^ p^vet w»tk mk^ 
alio to make a houlb (bond with a tnUbpa^ 

To BLURT mf^ t» fpeak m/hiy aad ki« 

9LUSH» Jtradnela hi^thafao^ (Soc«db« 
from modefty* 

BLy^'lKG, aft^4ifMaNPssiiilfaoa^fMl 
oecpnomy excited Rom • leak tal^'ftamet 

Digitized by ^ BOARrSH" 


SsX'^Mtafh difpofidon* 

To BOAST (A^, WddL} i. Brag, to 
eifptay ene'i ovm trordi^ or wmom, in great 
worda, to talk oAentatioafljr i wiUi •/: s. 
femctimes it it uibd with f«; 3* to exalt 
«Be'a felf. 

To BOilSTs fofanigofy to difplay with 
irflentKtiosf lingitget 9. to nucQifyy to 

BOA^T (from the Tcth.) x. A caofe of 
vM^/ltHpTf an o^fion of pride, the tfafaig 
VoaAed ; ». ta expreffion of efteatatioii, a 
jpond fpeech. 

BOASTER {from hosf) a hragger^ a man 
that iratin^ any thing ofleatatjoofly. 

BOASTFUL (Iron ^ and ywiQ often* 
tftiaoSt incjined to brag* 
. BOASTINQJ.y (^m bo.^ng) oilenu- 

BOAT (bavy Sm.) t . A fdfel to pais 
the water in. It l^dUtiogiuihcd ^m other 
Ve^s Iff Msg finaUer and ottcoveted, and 
comnoQly moved by rowing 1 2. a fldp of 

• ' MCAJtDO" \wlih Logtiisfn] the fifth 
node of the tUrd figure, Ii| a tyUogirm in 
iBartfrAf the 'firft propofition ii particular 
•aduegatlvey the feaond aaivedalj and the 
middle tftrn^.the fobjea of ^two propofi- 
iionf, as* * 

T«- Sdmfotnmalis tut mdn, 

3* E^ay (tnimal is tmhied witb finjatioti^ 
■ 3* Th^tft^t thtrt h fimethtn^ tndtud witb 

BODY (bofip, SoM, ta^ntAhj Natu* 
ralifi) a foHd,* &tended, palpable fubftaace, 
compeied of'matttr, firm, and frivatipn, 
according to t^e Ptripafttichs, 
' 2. Of an alTembla'ge of hooked heayj at- 
tons»' according to £e Ciirpufeularisnt and 
Epkuregnt | of a certain quantity of extenfion 
according to Det Cartes j of a fyfteai or af- 
•Tociatbn of felid biafly,' hard, impenetrable, 
moveable particles ranged or difpofed in this or 
that Aiamier according 'to Sir Ifrac ffewton | 
whence refi^lt bodies of this or that form, 
Mingu!|hbd by this or that name ; others de- 
fine body to be that which has extention, |«. 
fiftanee, ind is capable of motion. 

BODY, with tegard to anfmals, is tis*d in 
«ppofition to the ibul, vim, for that part 
eompofed. of bones, mofdes, canals, juices, 
nerves, &c, in which fonfe body makes the 
fiilje^ of anatoBiT. • ' 

Regular BODY {m Gemetfy) one which 
hasal ^e angled and fides $ as alfo all the 
planes which compose the fttrface, alike and 
e^foal ; of which there sue no inore than 
five kinds, the dodtcoiirM coa&Ma% of 12 
^SRtigons, the- Uiatdrm, ieofdtJron rf 20, 
tHaedrw of 8 pentagons, and tetraedrtn of 4 
angles and the cube of 6 i^oares. Thefe are 
caHed Ptmtomtk bodies. 

BOG ) foipc derive it of iaa^n, puti to 

B o ' 

bend, beciuie it gives way when it ii trod npon^ 
or fiMi^y Ettg. or rather %^itp. Sax. stad 
*go9c, tender, and ibft, Baxttr) a mafli- • 
ground full of water and mod. 

BOG'GL£-BOB,, a bugbear to fri^ 

BOICININ'GA, an animal (in Americsy 
callM the rattle-iiiake, whofe bite is de»dly» 
exeept a fpeedy remedy be applied. 

BOILING (b PMeh) the agttatkm of • 
ftoid body, tmog nom. fire being applied 
to it. 

BOIS'TEROUSNBSS, tempefteooinels, 

BOLD (bald. Sax.) i. Daring, bnve» 
ftoQt, courageous, msgRanimoos, fearlefa, isi- 
trepid : 2. executed with ^rit, a^d without 
mean caution : 3. confident, not fcrupulovs, 
not tinnorous: 4. impudent, rode: 1;. licen- 
tious, fuch as fiiew ereat liberty of fiaion a 
6. ftanding out to the view, fiiiking to the 
eye : 7. open, fmooth, even,. level i a iSulor*o 
term : 8. to make Md ; to uke freedoms : 
a phrafe not gnmmatical, though common. 
To hi hid n better, as IvwMduJ^ak. 

Some men have the fortuhe to be elletm«d 
wits, only for m^Mg Md to Ug0 %i thefe 
things, which the greateft part of mankhul 
reverence. TiUoifrn, 

To BOLDBN (from boU) to make Md^ 
to give courage. 

BOLDFACE (fi«m hold tsAfaee) impu^ 
dence, faudnefs : a term of reproach and re- 

BOLDFACED (from bold and face) Im- 
pndent. ' 

BOLDLY (from boJd.) i. In a bold man- 
ner, with cq|rage, with f^t: 2. it may 
perhapi be (bmetimes ufed in a bad fenfe, for 
impudently. , 

> BOLDNESS (from bold.) i. Courage^ 
bravery, intrepidity, fpirit, fortitude, magna- 
nimity, daringnefs: 2. exemption from cao - 
tion, and fcropulous nicety : 3. freedom, li« 
btrtyt 4I confident tntft in God: 5. afliirance^ 
freedom from fear x. 6. impudence. 

To BOLT into comfaity, is to come fuddeo- 
ly, onexpe^bdly or rudely into it. 

BOLTER, a cant name for one who con- 
ceals himfelf in his own houfe or fome pri- 
vileged place, and dares only peep and not 
go out from his retreat. 

ntcked glafs veiTel for diftiflations, which be- 
ing fitted to fhe nofe of an alembkk, or ftill^ 
is called a reaivtr j and when the neck of 
one is wdl joined to the beck of another it ia 
called a double veflel. 

Fend BOLTS 7 (in a Jb^) are a fort 

Pender BOLTS J of bolts made. with 
long and thick headi^ and ftruck into the «t- 
termoft wales or bends of the, fliip, to fave 
the fides of her from hurtp, ' gaihn^ and 

Set BOLTS (in a/^f/)ju:e«foitof boltsufed 
^OOglc f«r 


ferMoithepbiiktuidotber woiki| aad 
sUuig them dofc together. 

Ithf BOLTS fin tijbij^) ate bold made ufe 
tf fcr biiDgios of the pbfiks tnd thofe partsi 
10 which the breeches and tackle of the 
■riaaocc aic fuflcnad. 

7>«^ BOLTS (with Gwiifers) are bdu 
vhkh |D betwixt the cheeks of a gun-car- 
nietofticngtbta the traafims, 

frife BOLTS (with Gunmrs) large knobi 
if raflB the cheek of a carriage, which 
peicflt the handfpike firom flidUg, when 
k if poifiog op the breech of a piece. 

Jrmtrft BOLTS (with Ganiwrr) two ihort 
Wti, pat one uto each end of an Engiifi> 
Htar carriage, which fcrvcs to traverfe the 

• Mntki BOLTS (with GuMnm) boitt 
vbkhlB thro* the cheeln of a mortar, and 
W ike help of the coins keep it fixed to the 
dtvttioB given her. 

Xig^ BOLTS (ia ^/hip) are foch u have 
\^ or bvbi OD each Me to keep them 
te%gi| ovt of the hole in which they 

Cfacb BOLTS (m Ajbif) bolti that are 
dMchid with a riveting hamffler, at the 
tak wheve theycome throogh. 

l>n^ BOLTS (hi a /&i» are long pieces 
tf iroo, which are nfied to drive out other 
Wti, tree mUi or the like. 

/•fW BOLTS (in a Jhif) are thofe 
TOch haft a forelock of iron at the end 
h^io to keep k from ftarting back. 

BOLTING (in Graftlnn\ a kmd of 
CBKife(»ar|Biiig cafes among toe ftudents. 

BO^US (with Pbjifidgns) a medkine prc- 

Cif a canfifteoce Ipmewhat thicker than 
i bciaga ^oantky that can be taken on 
tbe poiat of a kniie at one mouthful « 

BOtUS AmwiiacMi^ i, e. Boie trmoniack, 
'^ ^ cnnnbling earth or ftonc found in 
^»nU, ofid by Fhyficiam and Patnterg. 

BOMBS (C?»«. 
1 »«»y)larfeihells 


of caft iron, 
hafing large 
vents CO Receive 
fafecs B are 
made of woodj 
and drove fall of 

made of meal 
powder, ful- 
phar and fait- 
pctre. After 
^W has been filled with this powder, the 
^1^ hdoven into the Tent within an inch of 
«* bead, and pitched over to prefcrve it i 
vy aaaic the fwiiBe when they pmt the komi 
"J^ Boitar and fiJt it with meal powder. 


C0m(ofitio9 hi the fttfee being ^tnly it firet 
the powder m the ^omk with a great force^ 
blowing tp whatever is about it» and the g^aC 
height it goes in the air, and the fi»rce wit& 
wfaich it falls, makes it ga deep into the 

BOND (hon^, StfX. Bound.) It U vrric* 
ten indifferently, in ouny of its feofes, hcn4 
or katid ; I. Cords, or chabs, with whkh 
any one is hound : i, Ugameilt that holds any 
thing > together: 3. union, ccnncAiont 4. 
chains, imprifonment, captinty : 5. cement 
of union, caufe of union, link of connexions 
6. a writing of obligation to pay a fum^ or 
perform a contrail: 7. ohligation, law bf 
which any man ii obliged. 

BOND (from hifiri, perhaps from hund, 
horn Jrebon'ben, Sax.\ capture, in a fervile 

BONDAGE (from Bond) captivity, im« 
prifonmenty ftate of reftraint. 

BOND SOCOME {Common Law) a cn« 
ftom of the tenants being bound to grind 
their corn at the lord's mill. 

BOND (in Carfontry) a term ufed, at 
make good oond, fignifies faften two or moK 
pieces together, cither with tenanting, or 
mordfing, or dove-tailing. 

BOND (with jinatomifit) apart of the &ody» 
white, hard and brittle, undiftendably and 
void of fenlation ; fopportmg and ihaping the 
whole body, covoed with a membrane called 
Ptrio/lettm^ which is extremely fenfihle ; boaea 
are generally hollow and contain an oilv fub- 
fiance called marrow s the texture of bonca 
confiAjn thin Lamina or phtca, lying over 
one another, and they of fibrea, rondns 
lengthways, ibme to the extremities | but 
others not fo far, none of them terminatiag 
in a dire^ end ; but are continued tranfverily 
and fomewhat arched, the fibres of one fide 
meeting with thofe of the other } fo that 
they are condnoatioos of one another in a fort 
of long ellipfes, not of e^al lengths; but 
fome longer, others fiiorter. 

BONE'LESS (of banleap Saa,) v^out 

BON'ITY(^affrVtfi, L.) goodnefs. 

7bo fiip bat her Canrfi and BONNET 
ahroad {Sea phrafe) is as much as to fay, fLt 
has the bonnet added to her courie, ' which Be* 
tore Oie had not. 

BON'NINESS (of homa, L.) fpracenefi* 

BO'NYNESS, a b^ng bony or full of 

BOOiCaSHNESS (of hoe and i/B, an ad- 
jeA. termin. and ncfp. Sax.) difpofitioo to 
read books much. 

BOOM'INO (Sea term) nfed of jt fliip 
when file makes all the AU flie can; aai aa 
then faid to come hooming. 

B00R1SHNESS, clowniflmefa. 

BOOTS, the plant Marigold. 

^<fVn%jfih» aa «i» aad i^h^Of to driTe» 

Digitized by VaOOv [<£ 


, I. f. die «x-arifer) tlie name of t nortbttn 
conftdtfttioBy contiiiuDg' 34 fiai«> ctlled ttfo 
jifthfifylax, and in M^^fi King Cl^ki't 

%Omnr {h^n^ F. w or heatf. Tent. 
mo£ iitti, Du^Jprqy, fpoiJ, pillage, prfae. 

T« pbj B00TV> to pr«ndcf te» to pity a 
lofiiC naK> to draw !n miien to pky. 

BOflAX (iorvjr, low Lat.) an artilidal 
fth, prepared from fal armoniac, nitre, cal- 
cined tartar,' fea fait, and alom, diflblved in 
wine. It is principally tifed to folder metals^ 
flod Ibnretimes an nterine ingredient in medl* 
dne* ^ifuv, 

BORN, ut9 participle paf&re of hear, 

Cloditn may be boid and infelent, torn away 
tylnapaffion. Swft* 

To be BOHN (d^hvd from the word to 
itsr^ in the fenfe of bringing forth j as my 
mother bore me twenty years ago ; or I was 
bom twenty years ago. i. To come into life. 
Nor naturer's law with fruitlefs fozrow 

mourn I 
Biitdie^ O mortal man! for thou waft ^orrr. 


%. It is .nfoally fpoken with regard to cir- 
cnmfcancea ; as he was bom a prince, he was 
born to empire, he was Avr^fbrgreatnefs, that 
3i, formed at the birth. 

Yet man is bom unto trouble, as the fparks 
ily upwards. Job, ▼, 7^ 

A friend loveth at all thnes, and a brother 
is ^vm for adverfity. Prvo. xvii. 17. 

BOROUCn (boyihoe. Sax,) z. It figni- 
fled antiently a furety, or a man bound for 
Others. As the old laws ofe h, it is not a 
borough town, that is, a franchifed town, ,bat 
a main pledge of an hundred free , perfbns, 
therefore called a free borough ^ oxfran^kgium, 
%• A town with a corporation. 

BOROUGH Englifi}, b a cuftomary 
defcent of bnds or tenements, whereby, in 
all places where this cuftom holds, lan& and 
tenements defcend to the youngeft fon ; or, 
if the owner hafe no ilTue, to the yoangeft 
brother. Cewel. 

BO.SCAGE \bofeagey F.) wood, or wood- 
l^nds ; repreientarion of woods. 

BOSKY [bofgue^ F.) woody. 

Boson (corrupted from boatjwain.) 
' BOSS {bcfe^ F.J J. A ftud, to orna- 
ment raifed atove tne reft of the work, a 
fbining ptominence : 1. the part ri6ng in the 
roidft of any thing: 3. a thick body of any 
kind. • 

BOSVEJL, a fpccies of €rowfoou 
' BOTANICAL 7 <from eorttm, Gr, an 

BOTANICK J herb) relating to herbs, 
fkiUed io herbs. 

BOTA^NiST ffrom botany) one (kafcdjn 
plants, one, who xndies the various fpedes of 

BOTAfffOLOGY (tira-joKyU, Cr.J a 
dlfcourfe upon plants. 

BOTAMY (^m KirmmiCr, wrtrrb)! 


lilt fcteec of pints, thet pvt ol ta»nA 
hiflory which rehtea to vigeUbles. 

BRAIN (bptf^gen. Sax, briym, DutdLI 
T. That colh^oa of ?tfeis and org^ bi 
ch^head, Aon wlikhftDfisMidttotloaarflet 
s. that part in which tfe nndarihuiding k 
placed % theicfoie taken for the nnderftaai- 
ingt 3. fometimai the aileQiotts. 

To BRAIN (liom the noon) to dali oat 
die brains, to kilt by beathig out the bram, 

BRAINISH (fn>m^^*»; hot-headd, 
Mom ; as eerebrofrt in Latin. 

BRAINLESS (from biain) illy, thooghf 
teft. witlefs. / / a- 

BRAINPAN (from brmm and /M) the 
flcoU containing the broint^ 

BRAINSICK (from^«/« and/a)diieaM 
in the onderftanding 

ng, addle-headed, glM;, 

BRAINSICKLY (fiom ^tfuj/^^) weaklyi 

BRAINSICKNBSS (from braii^k) {&• 
difcrecion, glddineis. 

herb, and ao^iif, a fophifter, Gr.} a botM 
mil or one Aulled in harbt. 

BO^IHRION (M(iw, of IM^, aditd^ 
Gr.) a kind of hoUow, narrow and harl alcir 
in the tumca torma ^ alio ;he £>cket of tiie 

To BOTTOM oflT (a Drtntfiig ter«) ta 
dihik the laft draught of a pot of diiak, 
or the laft glals of a bohle of wine. 

BOTTOM'LESS (of botan, and letr, 
Smx,) having no bottom. 

BOTTOMRY (<b called from the bet^ 
torn Q^ the Ship) H a fort of uiury that is 
founded upon the fafe return of a flnp, fnrn 
the voyag^ to the place where her cargo is 
configned : as follows, the mafter, purfof 
mate or other peifoa taikea op a certain frm 
of money at 20, 40, 40, or more per Gsrf. 
to be paid at the bfo return of the fliip^ but 
if the Aip be taken by enemies, or pirates, 
or founders at fea, the lender lofea his mo« 

BO Va'LON (with Tmiart) la a lamp tf 
fleflk or excrefcenee growing other apoo or 
}«ft by the fruih» which makes the ftak 
ftoot out like a ^mp, which is called tht 
AeA blowing upon the firulh, and ntSud % 
horfe halt, F. '" • . - - 

BOULDER 19^a!U [Arcbitea,) eatAk 
walk built of roudd flinta or pebBet, Hid oa 
a ftrong mortar \ u(ed where the fti. htf 
a beach caft up, ^r. . 

BOULFTE (withflbr/iweH) a term aleX 
of a horfe, when the fetlock or pafUmjoiet 
bends forwat^^ and out of its natuml ntaa- 
lion, F. 

BOULTI'NK (with Arckittms) a coa?« 
monidiftg, whoie cenTeairy Is bat a t4th ol 
tl»c circle, and is placed nekt below the pHatb 
to tlM Yct/«aa and Ikritk capital. 


Digitized by 



A BOtTKCC, I fudden noift, as of giui- 
pwkr, STc. alfo a boaft. 

ToBQUNCE, tDhng;, toTipourorfpeak 
lodtm^v i alfo to make a crack with a very 
load ooik, M gunpoiktler. 

BOUNITEN (of bon)^ 5«y.) pertaining 

|0OQGi|luOlIy &tm 

BOUNIXLESNESS (rf boo'blcar. Sax,) 
baviig 00 bounds or limits. 

BOWTEOUSNESS (of Aw;/, F. of *p- 
irJBiiy L) ft giving plenteoofljr* 

BOUNTIFULNESS, fulnefi of bovntf; 

To BOUJl'GEON {honrgeomtr, F.) to 
M, oihoot, to put forth bods. 

BOUT (of bchzen, Smc, to beat) flroke, 
Vsw, itteinpc, trial. 

BOUT (widi Ihrfemen) a term u fed of a 
M, vhoi be i^ over-done^ and quite fpent 
vikO ntignc. 

BOW(bo^ of by^n, Sax, to bend) an 

AniMiit fSt fiioociog arrows* 

BOW (witb MatbmatUiaia) aninftniment 
feneriy ded in navigatbn to take the bdght 
tf thcAin. 

BOW (vkh Sbifwrif^btt] a beam of wood 
•r ^6, with three long fcrews that direA 
s hdk of vuoi or fteel to any part, commonr 
hfvAAto Bake draoghts of itiipf, Cfe, 

JMBO^ (of a Hhip) is a broad bow. 

BOW Pkea" (in a 5&^} are the pieces of 
oidatBCe at ber bow. 

BOWiftcibsn? anchors that arc carried 

BOWERS 5 in the fhip's bower. 

ToBOW^L (of ^Mv, F. or hottr/yt, L.) 
a pitfei) to take out the bowels. 

BOWER (of bap, of bufie, $ax» a par- 
Inr} aa arbour made or covered with greens 

To BOWL fJMTfr i la hcmk, F.) to pby 
vich ioirb in a bowUng-green» Qfr. 

A BOWL (boUe, Sax. houk, F.) a veflel 

«r cap of ifood, metal or eartliea ware to 


CkcftffeBOW'LINE \ {Sei Terms) 

Ef^fAe BOW-LINE V which im- 

Iitiq^rAc BOW -LINE 3 port, let it 


ToBOWLT « Conty {Bwting term, of 
•""^j F.) to ftart or pot up a coney. 

WW^IKO 1^ tbt tack (with Sailors) 
Vfio balbig apon the tack. 

pany was incorporated 
antf 1622 ; bnt had been 
a frateroiry long before ; 
and the company doubt- 
left more eminent when 
the long bow was more 
^ in ufe, before the mven- 

••flffunpewder. Their arms tst argent 
¥>• chcftoQ between three floats, as many 

^X{bor-T|KO]H Snx.) the box-tree, or 

B R 

BOX (in TraJUk) certain different quan- 
tities and weights or certain comrocditic?. 

BOX and needk (with Matbematiciam) a 
fmall compafs applied to a theodcilte or other 
fuch anftrument ofed in furveying, &€, to 
find out how any place is fituatcd, by the 
point of a needle, touched with a loadilone*t 
pointing towards the Ntrtk, 

BOy (prob. of itaTc, Gr. but Minjevut 
derives it of buhe^ Tent.) a male child^ a 

BOYISHNESS, the adiog like a boy. 

BRAB'BLER {o(braUe/eti, Du.J a wrang* 
ler, a brawler. 

«BRA'BANT, fo called of Brah, a noble 
Romaa, and relation to yulius Csejar, who 
attended him in his Gal/icA expedttioo. A 

BRACE (a Humttng term) a couple or pair, 
as of bucks, dogs, foxes, hares, ^e, 

BRACE (at Milan) a meafore equal to 
1 3d ells Rnglifi, 

BRACE (at yenice) a meafure equal to %p 
96 ells Raglifi. 

, To BRACE 'tbefard (Sea phrafe) is ta 
bring the yard to either fide. 

ERACHELE'TS [Old Rec§rdi) hounds or 
beagles of the fmaller and lower kind. 

BRACHIO'LUM (with Matbemmicians) 
a member of an inftrument ufedupon aftro- 
labcs, &c, and ufaaily made of brafj, with 
feveral joints, that the end or point may be 
let to any degree of the aftrolabe, fometimet 
called a creeping Index, 

BR ACH'MANS ^ fo called of Bratbmam 

BRA' MENS > or Bramba, the pre- 

BRANflNS } fcriber of their righta 
or laws) priefts or learned ^en in Eaft^Imiia^ 
anciently a fort of philofoohen, which from 
their going naked were called gymnofophifts, 
and were to the Indians, as the CbaUees to 
the /tOyriant, and the Magi to the Perfians, 
and the Druids to the ancient Britons and 

BRACK'ISHNESS (oibrack, Dot. fait) 

BRADS, a fort of fieoder nails without 

BRAIN {metafboricaHj) Is ofed for wiC 
and judgment. 

BRAIN'LESS (of breyne, Dut. bjixben, 
&ijr. the brain) witlefs. 

BRAIN-SICK, aasy.headed ; alfo fickle,, 

BRASSES (in Coeiery) sKat dreOed a U ' 
braixe^ is either meat broiled upon the coals, 
or elfe baked in a campaign oven between tw« 
fires, one above, and f^heotiier be'ow. 

BRAN (of bo;\n, Sax^ a ttver) at the be- 
ginning or end of the names of places, de<^ 
notes it to be a place at or near a jiver, u 

BRANCH (by Botagijb) is defined to be 
the divifion of a ftalk of ft plant j in trees it 
is called a be«fh« ^ 

It Digitized by K^OHfiuH 


A fruit BRANCH (with Gardemrs) tktt 
which /hooU out of the cat of the preceding 
year, ami ia naturally of a coafiderable thick* 

A BRANCH half wood, (with Qardinns) 
is one that is too grofs for a fruit branch, and 
too flender for a wood branch. 
. Sfmrioui wood BRANCHES (with Gar. 
dcmrs) arc fuch as come otherwife than from 
the cuts of the preceding year j bccaufe 
branches Ihoold never come, but hom thofe 
of the loft cot. 

* BRaNCH'ES (yflthArcbltcns) the archei 
of GvtbUk vaults, which arches tranfverfiy 
from one angle to another, diagonal -wue 
form a crofs between the two arches which 
make the fides of the fquare, of which the 
arcjies are diagonals. 

BRANCH'INESS, the fulnefs or fpread- 
ing of branches. 

BRASMA'TIAS, a kind of earthquake, 
when the earth moves directly upwatds. 

BRASS ^bn*p. Sax.) a compound or 
^6titious metal, made by miking meltedrcop. 
per whh I*atit cahminariu 
. BRAS SICOURT > (with Hsrfimen) an 

BRACH'ICOURT 5 horfc whofe fore 
legs are bendfd naturally. 

BRAS'SINESS^of b|wrinerre, Sajc.) a 
being brafTy. 

BRAVE (hra^e, F.) i. Courageous, dar- 
ing* bold, generous, high^lpiiitcd. 

From armed foes to bring a royal prize. 

Shows your have heart vidtorious as your 
eyes. ^^Ar. 

2. Gallant, having a . noble mpn, ^^^y, 
^ceful: 3. magniHcent,»grand« 

But wholbe*er it was, nature de£gn*d 

Firft a have place, and then as have a 

mind. Denbam, 

4« Excellent, noble: it is an indeterminate 

word, ufed to ezprefs the fuperabundance of 

any valuable quality in men or things. 

BRAVE (ha^e, ¥.) i. A he^or, a 
man daring beyond decency or difcretion : x. 
« boaft, a challenge, a deAance. 

To BRAVE (from the noun.) x. Ta 
defy, to challenge, to 6t at de;&ance : a. to 
carry a boafting appearance of. 

BRAVELY (from hav^) in a brave man- 
ner, courageoufly gallantly, iplendidly. 

BRAVERY (from have.) 1. Courage, 
fliagnanimity, generofity, gallantry. Cer- 
tainly it denotes no great havery of mind ; 
to do that out of a defire of fame, which 
we aould not be prompted to by a generous 
paffion for the g}ory of him that made us. 
SpeQanr No. %^^, 
i. Splendour, ma^ificence: 3. ihow* often- 

Let prasces choofe minifters more fenfible 
of duty than of fifing, and fach at love bu- 
finefs rather upon coofcience than upon ha* 
very* ^4<9ff*s EiZayt, No. 37. 

^. Brairado, boaft. 

There vt tkefii liiat majae it a point «f 


havery) to Ud defiance to the oracles of dl* 
vbe revelation. VEfirage, 

BRAVO {have, Itat} a man who mot* 
ders 'or hire. , , 

BRAWNINESS (of hawn^ei bar, and 
Bur, Sax.) finewinefS| hardneft and itroog* 

BRA'ZENNESS (of haft) appearing likr 
brafs ; alfo impudence. 

to clear a BREACH, is to remove the 
ru'bbi/h out of it. 

BREADTH (bjwboyjjs, 5tfjt.) broadnels^ 

A BREAK, a turning bankrupt^ i being 
or pretending to be infolvenc. 

ifo BRE A K a korfe in trotrpg .'with Horfe* 
men) is to make him tight upon the band 
by trotting, in order to make him fit 6ir a 

To BKE AM a Jbip. Secteirmm, 

BREAST (bjiccpr. Sax A a promineat 
flefliy part on the outfide of the Thorax of a 
human body, whofe ufe ia women is to ie- 
parate tHe milk ; and it is alio one of 
the thiet veaters or hollow fpaces in aa 
animal bady which contains the heart and 

To BREATH (prab. of b|W^an, &x.} 
to receive and difchargc the air as above. 

BREATHABLE of bjiaSian, Sax.) tbt 
may be breathed or drawn into the lung^ b| 
breathing, as a hcatbahe air, 

BREATH'LESS, void of breath, dead. 

BREQ'WITE (breat> pise» Sax,) an im^ 
pofition of amerciaments or fines for defsnlu 
in the affixe of bread. 

To BREECH, to whip. 

BREED (with Horfemen) a place vbfit 
mares for breed and ftallioas sta kept, ia 
order to raife a ftud. 

BREEDING (bre^n. Sax.) prodociog, 
nourishing J alfo education, 

BREEZ [hf>e%sca^ Ital. l>,ife, F.) a fnfr 
gale of windy blowing from the ttz or heA 
alternately, for jbme certain hours of the itf 
ornight, only fen fible near. the coaft. 

BREC'MA (ZfiyfjM, of Qfixft ^ *^*<^» 
becaufe thofe parts are geneniily obfcrved, to 
be moift) the forepaxt of the bead | er, si 
fome fay, the forehead bone, cr the fide sod 
fhelving bone of the CraniumyOn esch hit 
of the .factual Suture. , 

BREPHOTRO'PHY {hephtro^ha, L. ' 
of Qft^picfUp of CfK^f, a babe, a|id rftfi, 
Gr. nourlfnment) an hafpital ^r orphans. 

BREVIE'R, a fmiU foit g prtndngfcr. 
ter» the fame as this book. ▼ 

BREWERSwtivhicor- n 
porated axuo 1404. The 
Vlih year of Henfy VL 
And confirmed the iecond 
of queen EU?iAhthi their 
arms ace ^Wm, on achev* 
run argent between three 
falttres of gasbl, or as aa« - ^, 

ny lufif /able, ^^'^ 

B R 

Tkm hall b fitnate on the sortb fide of 

.BRI'BERY (in Law) k wiien any man 
klosfvg to a court of juftlce, or great o(H- 
crr, tikes apj fte, gift or reward for doing 
fan oficcj of any peifon except the king 

BRlCKfBAT(prob. of ^*ffi^,Dn. or ^jiyc, 
5tfx. aad ^atM, F. beaten or broltcn off J a 
broken hrick. 

BRICK KILN (of hricte. Do, and cvlin, 
Scr.j a place for burning bricks. 


m^sP^^ were incorporated anno 

A ^ m 1 5^^« Their armorial 

»/ >/» cnfigni are A»'jre^ a 

chevron, Or, bctu-een a 

enters two bricx«axes in 
chief, and a bvndic of 
btto in bafe or creft and armed, holding 
ebnck-ax, Or, Their motto. In God is all 

To B&ICO'LE {hrico!ir, Fr) to giyc a 
bdcok, CO paTs a bafl, to to& it fideways. 

flfini BRHXiES (in an Jrmy) are bouts 
vilb planks and rufceflaries for joining and 
making a faiidge in a very /hort time^ being 
tw>fn)aU bribes laid over one another, in 
fitch fflanoer, thet t3ie uppermoft fbetohcs 
<r mas oot by certain cords running chro^ 
paDio placed along the fides of Che under 
Vtd^ which puih it forwards, till the enfl 
«fitieach to tke pJtoeit isdefigned to be 
fixed ia. It is alfo made of large boats 
vitb fianks laid over xhem^ and other necef- 

BRIDGE tf tommunicatioti (in Fcrtifica* 
<M^ ts a Mgp made over a river, by means 
fif vhich, two armies or two forts, that are 
StfmjiU by the river, have a free coromo- 
okatioa^ooe with the other. 

BlflXiE (with Gmnmtrt) the two pieces 
li tittber wfascb go between the two traji> 
iami of a gan-carriage> on whi^ the bed 

Fhai^ BRIDGE {Militmty Art) a bridge 
Bade in form of a work, in fortification 
aSed a ledoobc, confifting of two boats 
CMcnA «ith planks, which are folidly 
iraned, ^ as to bear either horie or can- 

BRIEF, letters patent, or licence to any 
fafintr by fire, &c. for collefling the cha- 
ncaoile benevolence of the peoj^ for any pri- 
rate or pubfick lofs. 

Aftfolical BRIEF, a letter which the 
pife feada to princes and other magiftrates 
CQO(cmlng any publick affairs. They are fo 
<3fiBd bccauCe very ihort, written without any 
fK^ or preamble, by whkh they are (Hf- 
*>pift from Bails, which are large and ai- 
N|ivxftte& on parchment, whereas trufs 
^ vtittea on paper, agd . fealtrd with rr<i 

^H> the fcaiof the fiiherman «r St. Peter'in 

B R 

BRIEFI^SS {pihrief or brtvitc\ F. hre- 
visor brfvitas,^hA brevity. 

BRIEVE {trife, F. brexxa, Ital.) a chilly 
or cool wind. 

BRIGHT (becjit, Sax,) [i. Shimng, 
glittering, full of Kght. 

Through a cloud. 
Drawn roond about thee, like a radiant fhrine. 
Dark, with exceflive bright^ thy fidrts appear. 
Par. L. b. iiF. 
2. Clear, evident*. ). illuftrious, as a bright 
reign, a bright aftion : 4. witty, acute, fub* 
tic, as, a bright genius. 

To BRIGHTEN (from bright,) 1. To 
make bright, to make to fhlne. 
The purple morning rifing with the year. 
Salutes the fpring, as her celcftial eyes ; 
Adom the world, and brighten all the fides. 


2. To make luminous by light from without. 
An ccllafy that mothers only feel. 

Plays round my hearty and brigf)tens up 

my forrow 
Like gleans of funfhine in a louring flcy. 
Philips^ D. Moth- 

3. To make gay, or alert : 4. to make illuf- 
trious: 5. to make acute, or witty. 

To BRIGHTEN, to grow bright, to dear 
up ; as, thejky brightens, 

BRIGHTLY (from*ri^<6/) fplcndidy, with 

Safely I flept, till brfghth dawning (hone. 

Hie morn confpicuous ooher golden throne. 


BRIGHTNESS (from *r/ii6/.) i.Luftrc, 
fplendour, glitter. 

Tcz'd with the prefent moments heavy 

Why feek we brightntfi from the years to 
come. Priori 

2. Acutenefs. 

The brigbtnefi of his parts, the folidi^ 
of his judgment, aad the candour and gene- 
rofity of 1^ temper, diftingniihed him in an 
age of great politenefs. Priur, 

BRILXANT, glittering, (parkliAg,brig(t^ 
fluiiing, Fr 

BRILLANT (with Horfemen) a brifis. 
high mettled, ftately horfe, that has a rais^a 
neck, a high motion, excellent . haunches, 
upon which he rifei^ though never fo little 
put on. 

BRIM'STONE f^onr, a plant. 

BRIM'STONY, dawb'd with, or of the 
nature of brimftone. 

BRIN'DED 7 variegated, or being of 

BRIND'LED J divers colours. 

BRING UP (with Bricklayers) to raife or 
build, as bring op the wall. 

To BRING in a borfe (with Herfemm) is 
to keep down the nofe of a horie that bores, 
and toiTes his nofe up to the wind. 

BRI'NINESS (of brynenej-p, Sax,) fait- 
D&h like the fca. 

BRIONY. ^Bfy9fy. 

^* ' Digitized by GcM^fe 

B R 

BRKICNZSS (ptob. tiFrifth, Tait.) 
fivelinefs, fprtgbtfioeis. 

BRIST'LY (of brirxl, Sa^.) haviii| pr 
foil of bfiftlflt. 

To BRSSTLE (hrfr^lian. Sax,) to «- 
reBt the hain oa tfiuc back like aa enrafcd 

BRITTLENESS (of brjienV, 3ax,)z^U 
■cTi to break. 

BROKET*' Sifter, a ^tnd of the third 

BROCOLI^ an Jtalian plant of the colly- 

BROFOERER {un hrodiury F.) an em- 

BROOCEN (of bracan, S^. to break} 
parted by breaking. 

Pamn BROKERS, are fachafllend money 
to neccHitotts people upon pawns i alfo iiich 
ai buy and fell old houfliold goods ^ re called 

Stock BROKERS, are fach as buy and fell 
ihares of Joint ftocki of a company or cor- 
poration tot other perfonsy as the Bank^ South' 
Sea, ^aft-India company, &c, 

BRONT'IAS {oiCgviin, Gr.) a fort of pre- 
cious Aooe, fuppofed to fall by thuoder. . 

BRONTOL'OGY (Cw%Xoy»«, of C^ovlw, 
and \oy^; difcourfci Cr.) a treatiie or dif* 
courfe of thunder. ., 

BROOKLIME (of brook-lun. Sax,) 
an he^b. 

BR*OW Poft (with Carpenttn) an over- 
thwrat or crofs beam. 

BROWN*N£SS (of brun. Sax.) the be- 
ing of a brown aq!oMr. 

A BRUISE (oiF bryj^;, Sax,) a ccniofion. 

BRUISE WORT, an herb. ^ 

BRU'MAL [^rumalis, h.) pertaining to 

BRUSHWOOD, fmaU. wood^ or fmaU 
fticks for fewel. 

BRUT A L (irutaly F* from Brutt,) i. 
That which belongs to a brute, that which 
yrt have in common with bnitet : z, favag^, 
cruel, inhuman. 

BRUTALITY {SrutafUe, F.) favagencfs, 
cliurlifhnefsi inhOinanSty. 

Cotir^ge, in- an ill-bted man, has the alrj 

And efcapet not the opinion oi brutality, 


To BRUTALIZE {krutal^er^J ,) to grow 
brutal or favage. ' j 

To BRUTALIZE,' to make bnital or 

BRXTTALLY (from kriftal) churliflily, in- 
humanly, cniclly. 

BRUTE {brutuiy L.) i. Seofelefi, un. 
ccm'rious. . • ^ . 

Nor yit a^ we fo low ::nd bafc as their 
atheism would dcprefs os ^ not walking fta- 
tue^ of c'«y, nor ib* fons of ^rute earth, 
whofc final uiheritance 'i% death and corrap- 

^ Savjjr, IrrauonaU fal«c: j. bcftjal, in 

B & 

CMBBioQ with beafts: 4. foagh, foecwoSy 


The ^»/« philofopher, who oe*cr has proT*d, 

The joy of loving or of betc^ lov'S,' f^pt; 

BRUTE (from tlie adjedive a bnte crea< 
tore, a creature without reafon, a lavage. 

Tothofe three prefent impdles, dfMe, 
memory, and inftiad, moft, if not all, the 
fagacitici of brutti may be reduced. 

Af/e^Ofig. Mankind. 

Heaven from all creatores hides the bM|c 
.of fate. 

All but the page prefcribed, thk pcefent 
ftate j 

From brutei what men, from men vbac 
fpirits know ; 

Or who could iaStt being here bekv. 

i'i^'sEfl'. ooMaii. 

To BRUTlPy (from Mt) to make a 
man a brute. 

O thou faladoos woqjian ! an f then brt- 
tifitdt ay, feel' It here|'I fprout, I boi, I 
bloflTora, I an^ ripe horn mad.. 

Cofi^rtve''$ Old Bateb, 

BRUTISH (from brute,) i. Befcisl, W- 
fembling a beaft: 1. having the qualities of a 
brute) rougl;]' favage, ferocious: 3. grofs; 
carnal : 4. iznorant, untaught, uncivilized^ 

BRUTISHLY (fiom bruttjh) in the wan- 
ner of a brvte, ot' a lavage aqd unoatanl 

«»»"• •. ' .. ; " t' ■ 

BRUTISHNESS (from Bru^) bnitality, 
f^vagenefs, infenfibiiity. 
: roUTiSHNESS (brutalhas; L.) heM" 
nefs, inhvmaniry, favagenefs. 4 

BUB'BLINC, a rifing or fwelllng npia 
bubble^; ajfo a chowfing or cheating. 

BU'BPLtS (in Commerce) a name giwu to 
certain projefts in the \ear 1710, of raifuij 
money on imaginary funds. 
"' BUBBLES I'm Pbyficks) little round dropi 
or yeiTicles of any Bmdj filled with air, and 
fbrme<r oh its furface upon the aidition of 
more of the fluid, as in raining, or iaitsfnb^ 
ftance upon a vigorous inteftine coffliDOtion 
of .its parts. " . 

BUCFC^^NNETER. See B-icartuert, 

BUCKLER Tkrr^, an hferb. 

BUCli'bOM (of bacca Sax.) a male deer, 
on account of their lofl in rutting time $ prq* 
penfe or forward to amour, amorous, «^* 
ton, 6ff. 

BVCK'SOMKESS^ propeiifity to amour* 

To BUCGBR {bougertmmr, ?,) to eopa- 
l^te wit^ a beaft.; alfo yith a man or wtoian 
after an unnatural (banner. 

BUO'GERER [bougre F.) one who copa- 
lates beaftbly. ' 

BV'GLE (of bacala, L, aa hdftr) a kind 
of wild cuc« 

BU'GLES, a fort of ghfs Beads. 

Regular BUILDING, is one whofe plan » 
fquare, io oppofitc fidci arc c^al, and its 
pans diif ofed by f\ mmct^. 

Digitized by GoOglC ***'* 


^M^ BUILDING, that which is not 
foumatd within e^oal zoA panllel lincsy and 
vkoie ptrts have not a juft rdation one to 
the other in the ekv&tliMi* 

Ufiiltud BUILDING, one which is not 
tftacbed, «& contigucn}* to any other, or is en- 
osnpdfed with a fqoare, at the Mmumtnt, 

Efgspd BUILDING, one compared and 
hat •• front -towards aaj ftreet, or publick 
places or conununicatioa but by a narrow 

7 Tuch, the^TM 
5 of which is be- 


bv the level or Airface of the place.on which 
k ftaods, and of which the ioweft courfet of 
laae a^e Ivd^en. 

«U],BaC£OUS (Miscens^ ,U) full of 
inle foond heads in the root* 

BULBS (with FUrifts) the louad <phtd 
Mins o^nowexs* 

t BCTL'GED (fpokeoof a i(&/» when* (he has 
ftnck off {bene of her timfacr'npon a rock or 
aacter, and fprincs a leak. 
^ Tp knak BULK {Sea term) is to take out 
am 0/ the flap's cargo or hding out of the 

BULKlira^^;^ (in 2 Aif) a partition 
between the ftie-caftU and ^ting in the 

BULK'INESS (of huce. Sax,) bignefs. 

BUMLATBD (Mlatut L.) gfjniihed with 
ftnds. • 

BULL-FINCH, a bird. 

BULL f^eed^ an herb. 

BULfLARY, a ialt hoole, fait pit, or oth«r 
place where Ialt is boUcd. 

BUl/LEN, ftalks of hemp piUed« 

Itidhtt BULT-ETS (in the Art of War) 
Wkts heated red hot m a forge, and then 
pat iato a piece of ordnance, that has had a 
|Dod ftopple or mrf firft rammed down it, 
tt be dikhaifed into a befi^ed town to fire 
thebaQfes, dfr. ^ 

lULHUSH (|*c« Sae.) a plant. 

BULlV, a vapouring, hedoring fellow, 
«h» pietenis to be a champion and ready to 
tight any one and upon any little occafion ^ 
tl^aaewho attends ftrumpets and lUght- 
valkcn, pretendhig to be the hufband of any 
sf tbem, and threatnmg, in order to extort 
iNoey from them, ai^T perfoO| that fhaU 
hiMo to be caogbt in their fnares. 
' To BUMBAS'TB (of bum an^ hajle, u e. 
te beat) to beat or bang. 

BUMBAST' toonU or fliU, a high flown 
■iaitelUgible way of expreflion ; jargon, 

BUMP, a lifing or fweliiog, a ftandout of 
s Ihii^ beyond the level furface. 

To BUNG, to ftop with a bnng. 

BUNG'LINGNESS, the awkw.ardnefs of 
^1 a thing, &c, 

T&f BUNT hoftit mwd> heward wnd {Sea 
^} r. t. the middle of the iiul faaags too 
MKk to leeward. 

B U 

BUOY'ANT (of%or.) boojfiigorhear* 

BURDEN (of zjhjp) To many ton wdgfar 
as flie will ftow or carry, in quantity, of goods* 

BUR'DENSOMNESS (byfiiSenromne|^» 
Sax,) heafinefs, or trouble ro(nne& to bear. 

BUREAU 7 (^rrtf«,F.) a cabinet cheft 

BURO^ 5 ^^ drawers or fcrutore for 
depofiting papers of accounts, alfo a booffet 
for ietting pbte, C&'M-ware, (0c, 

BUR'GERSHIP 7 (burh.|-cipe, Sax,\ 

BUR'GESSHIP 5 the dignity or ptivi. 
lege of a burger. 

BURGH (bops. Sax,) a borough, a large 
village, (a commonalty ; anciently a town, 
having a wall or fome enclofure alxMt it. 

BU'RIAL (of byri{ian» Sax,) a fiuiefal 
folcmnity or interment. 

BU'RYABLE (imbably of by|ii^pien*e» 
Sax.) that may be fit to be buried. 

BUHIN, a giQver or engraving tod. 

To BURL, to drefs cloths, as foUers ^o» 

BURLE'SIC 1 (of hurlejcet Jtal,) a 

BURLESQUE f Jdnd of poetry, merc^ 
ly jocular, and bordering on ridicule, ii a lore 
of Torfe proper for lampoon | but it is a man- 
ner of verfifying harder to be acquired thaa 
that which is moft harmonions and beautiful. 
The more the feet hobble in mod places, the 
more perfect ii the meafnre i as for harmonyj^ 
that is little minded in burlefque. 

BURLESK'ED, turned into burlefque* 

BURXINESS (f . hoor,, Ukenefs) blgneft* 
largenefs of body, &c, 

BURN (in a MtMcinai Scnft) a iblutioii 
of the continuity of a body, made by the im- 
preiiion of fire \ alfo a mark remaining upon 
the thing burnt. 

A BURN {Surgtry) an impreifioo of fire 
made upon a part, in which there remains 
much heat with bUfters, and fometimcs an 
eicar, according as the fire has more or left 

BURN (burna, Sax, a river or fountain) 
at the fKginning or end oF a word, fignifies 
the place from a ilfer or fountain, u Bxm-^ 

Tboray BUR'NET, a kind of fhrub. 

To BURNISH {humir^ F,) to polifii^ t* 
give a glofs to. 

The barge the fattin, like Abxrm/h^dthxoK^ 
burnt on tl^e water. 

Sbaht^, Ant. amd Oto^trt, 

To BURNISH, to grow bright or glofly*. 
Tve fe^n a fntke in human form. 

All flain*d with infamy and vice. 

Leap from the dunghill in a trice, 

Burmifi^ and make a gaudy (how. 

Become a general, peer, and beav- Swiff * 

PURHEL Flj, an InfeA. 

BURREL Shot (with Gunnen) fmall bol- 
lets^ nails, ih>nes, pieces of old iron, ^c, 
put into cafes, to be difchar^ out of the ord« 
nance or muideriog pieoss ^ cafe ihot. 


Digitized by 



To HUTIST i I burfi, X hvtt hurfl, * 
iurptty (t>up|>zan,547x.) i. To break, or fly 
•qpcn: %, Johy^fuoder: 3. to break away, 
to ^riD^ : 4. to come fuddenly : ^. to come 
%y riolcncc : 6. to begin an aftion violently. 

To BUKST^ to break Aiddenly, to make 
% 9«ick and violent difruption. 

BURST (from the verb) a fudden difnxp- 
tioo, a fudden and violent a£tion of any 

Impriibn'd fire, in the clofe dungeon pent« 
^oar to ^et loofc, and ftruggle for a vent, 
Cafting their way, and undermining all, 
Tili witk « mighty ^/^ whole iBouot«ins fall* 


BURT-WORT, an hctt. 

BURST^ESS, a being broken afundcr. 

BUsWINESS (A«^/i, F. abdh)thcljc- 

' BUS1IVES2I (from hvjjf.) i. Employment, 
flntikipUcity of affiirs : i. an affair. In this 
4enfe it hat tlie flural: 3. The fubjcft of 
^ujittffi, the aflfair or ohject that en<gages the 
cave : 4. feiioos engagement, in oppofition to 
trivial tranis£Hons. 

When diverfion is made tKe hijtnefs zni 
^ody of life, though the ai£lions cKofen be in 
(kemielves innojcent, the excels will render 
Ciem criminal. Rogers, 

5. Right of a£Hcns'. 6. a point, a matter 
«f ^ueftSon, fomething to be examined or 
<on§der«d : 7. fomething to be tranfa£led : 
tf fomething cequired to be done : 9. to do 
W's htt/inefs : to kill, deftroy, or min 

Busy (hyrjian* ^<*0 »• Employed 
^itk canKftaeft : 2. buftling, aftire, med- 

, Reiigioua motives and isftin£ts are tobufy 
In the heait of every reafonable creature, 
that 00 man would hope to gove.n a fociety, 
without regard to tkofe principles. jitUiifM^s 

To BUSY (fromWe noon) to employ, to 
CBsage, to make or keep buiy. 
. BUSY-BODY (from bufy ^nil* body) a 
*ain, meddling, fantaftical perfon. 

BUTCH'ERS, this company was not in* 
corporated till the 3d of 
king Jamei I, then they 
were made a corporation 
by the name of mafjcr, 
wardens, and commonal- 
ty of the art and myftery 
of B^:cben ; yet the fra- 
ternity is ancient^ their 
arilis axure, two axes 
AltircwHe argent between three hu\k htn6a 
r#wptd, aittired «r, a boar*8 head gules, be- 
twixt two garbes vert, 

BtlTCHER-ROW {hucberie^ F.) a row 
of butchrrs-fhops, ftambles, 

BUTCH'EjRLINESli, butclicrly aature or 

C A 

BUnCRSHIP {of bcmeiUiir, F.) die of* 
ficc of a botler. 

BUTSE'CARL 7 (ba1ce|HSfil, Saae,) « 

BUTE'SCARL 5 boatfwain or mariner. 

To BUTT {buttare, ital. *of/«», J>^ 
bouter, F.) to pufh at or agalnft with the 
horn, as bolls, goats, &c. 

ABUTT('SMwocd)theendofany plaak 
which joins to another on the outfide of the 
(hip under water. 

Broad BUT'TOCK (of a Jbi^) one boUt 
broad at the tranfums. 

Narrow BUTTOCK (of a/br» one hoUt 
narrow at the tranfums. 

To BUTTON {b<mMmer, F.) to Mm 
with buttons. 
' BUX'EOUS (bujieat, L.) of or like box. 

A BUZ'ZING {bourdotttiemmt, F.) a hum* 
fliii^ noife like that of bees. 

BY (bi. Sax,) with | as by whkh alfi 
wbilft, as by day. 

BY the BY, privately. 

BY-BLOW, a neny-begotten child, a 

BY-ENDS, ielfifhendsordefigm. 

BYZAN'TINE {of SyKamttmm, i, c 
Cctfiantim^/e) belonging to Con/lamitufic 

Cc, Roman', C, e, Tta^ick, (^j C% 
Englijb, are the third letters ; and 
K, «, Greek, the tenth f and 3,H^- 
brew, the eleventh of their re%€dive' al- 

C (in Englijb) before the vowels, a, «, and 
V, ia generally produced, or loog, as ca^, 
cofffe, atp, &f. 

C (in Rnglijh) before *, /, ee, ie and y^ 
is founded Uke 1 ; as cellar, city, tfeceedirgf 
eieliag, Cyprus, 

C (in Englijb) genen^Iy goes bcfoit b, 
when a vowel precedes, and there is no 000- 
fonant before k { as back^ beck, thick, hck, 
muck ) but if a vowel follows I, the e, is 
not ik before it ^ as eakc, peke, firike, fkth, 

C in the titles of books, infcriptions oa 
tombs, under ftataes, &c,) is an abbreviatioa 
•f cnnnm. Latin, 100, and is repeated for 
each buncked, as CCCC, 400. 

When c (lands before the vowels, a, 0, s, 
it (bonds like k, but before e and i Cke i ; the 
old graaamarians were inclined to throw away 
^, and to uie r and » inftead of it, and the 
French fubftitute fu iofiead of r, as in P«//- 
tiqne^ Ctc, 

CABAL {cobalt, Fr. in Hebrew, tradition.) 
I . The fecret (cience of the Hebrew Rabbins i 
2; a body of men united to fome clofedefgn* 
A cafial diflSrn from a pa^'ty, as/rw from 
mojiy ', ^, inuigvc 

Digitized by 




TV CAB A {cti^mia, F.) to Uma crofe 
hc%Mi$ to incfiCBe, to niiite in imSX 

CABALIST (fton wUt) one luUcd in 
lie uWiooM of the UAnw. 

UBALLISTICAL 7 (from c^i^tf /) ^(nae 
. CABALUSTICK S thing tiut hataa 
•ccbU aeaning, 

CASALLEIk (fiPMKuAf^ he tint eogaget 
k dofie ddSgns } an mtrigocr. 

BajmrtQAXm^ (with ^«fArr) ir to let it 
BOR«iit from tbe ikip, that the boat that 
«■■■ (he JMcbor n^ die BOfe ea% 4fopc it 
■ID the iiea* 

fi* CABLE h^wttt Ua [Sm 7«n»> ^i- 
laic ii well wzooght or made* 

Fitrwtare CABLE (with /MkwKn) figni- 

Shtt if m CABLE (with Smfars) » two 
€Mkk fpUced or fafteaed together, 

Um Jtmtkm' CABLB(or n ^) is the 
hxpkeMt that behmgi to it. 

CABLED (n ifovtU^} ua Cnfi C^bUe, 
h a 006 nade of two endi of a ihia** 

CABL£*< baitb (witb Saiim) b i»o 

CABLE JBkfts («nth ^cArie^i) Autet 
te are iUbd of wkh jiecct fefembling 

CACAfO, a not about the fise of » com- 
wmtlmmd, ftokoti^i bf a tree iir the IVefi- 
mAt^ the faut It iocldbd ia a pod in tb^ 
iaeafid figare of a cacanber, containing from 
10 to |o or 40 (itodt of a~ violet eoloae and 
■ddiy iike acomt, each corered with a rind^ 
which beiag tahea off, ic dsTtdes into &veor 
ia intB^ in the middle of, which it a kernel 
widb a Header hod, of which> with the addi- 
tiaa of a whoUbme dcog called y^miia, is 
•ads the cake by ns called chocolat«« 

Thcfe ttoca gtowittg \a a very hot ibil^ and 
bdag tender, are planted under the fludo of 
othmwhkh ate called their mothen. 

CACfaCTICAL? (ftom M(i><xy) hav- 

CAtaSCTlCK 5 iaganiUhabitofbO' 
dyi iiewlnt an Ul habit. 

CACH£XY (»iXi£^> ^') ^ n*^^ 
wocd to cxpseft a great variety of fymptoias } 
■■B cammonly ic denotes fnch a diftempcn- 
tore of the homoart, as hinders natritiooy 
and weakens the vital and aoianl fanAiont, 
praeeediag ftom wcafcneft of the fibro^ and 
snahaie U ihe non-oataials, and often from 
fcteie aote^fl eip er t . ^^u/^. on Diet. 

CACHINNATION; a gtoat and onniea. 
&nUe laoghteiy L« 

CacHOU, an aronatick dingg, reckon d 
tow^fvfumes, called aUb7«rr4 Ja^ita* 

ToCACK [cMSf, L.) to caie the body by 
gaeg to Aonl. 

CACKXER, a prater, a tclUtalc, a noify 
, life a htoBOfoga word i«r a capon or 

C A 

CACOCHYMICaL ? (froB ctfcodbsnl 
CACOCHYMICK J having the hu-, 
mours corrupted. 

CACOCHYMY (*mtix/^f C^O • ^ 
pravation of the hamourslioni a fouod ibte^ 
to what the phy£cians call by afcaetal aas)e 
of a cacQcbymy, Spots, and difcolottmions o#. 
the ikin, are figns of weak fibres ; for the 
lateral vefTels^ whieh lieqptef th^vjat^cir^ 
calation, let grots humours pafs^ which codA 
oot, if the veflels had tfior dne d^ec ^ 
ftri£lure. Jrtbutb. on Aliments. 

Streng«t)e«r, aliquor that attribota ikt be^ 
ter half of, iu ill qualiciet to the hops, coiJiftv' 
ing of an aciimenious fiery nature, ftfs the 
Mood, upon the kzftegeocbjmy, ioeo an orgai^ 
mus, by an ill ferment, 

Barvij, on Coafuasptioot* 
CACOPHONY OMi««^«m«, Gr.) a bai^ 
found of words. 

CacOL'OOY (ofM^c aadjUyfB^ » 
word) an evil fpeakiog, 

CACOPH'AGY (MMfA^U, Gr.) a de- 

CACOPHY'XY (rec<f^M, L. of a«ji2p 
and ^4, the pulfe. Or.) a bad pulfe. 

CACOPHRA'GY (with Pbyjiciim) a» 
indilpofition of body, partictdar^ in tlioie 
parts that conveys the oouriihmem. 

CACORHYTH'MUS (of jwsk M, 
/«9/tM«, thepa]fe» Gr.) an uneqaal pulfe. 

CACOStSTATA (with Logician) a^v 
ments propoled between two petiofls, chat 
will ferve as well for the one as other | as» 
yw ougii to forgw bim beeaufi bt it a cbild 
—As, fi^/bat rtafon I miWhtsi bim, ibat Ae 
ai^ be bitter bereafter, 

CACOTECH'NY (eat^tnktUy Ucfnmuk 
nod rtxi^if Gr. art) a hurtijal art or nveadoa. 
CACOZEXUM>term ufed by Rbetoha^ 
am} when a fpeech is fuilty by impropriety of 
words, want of coherence, redundancy, o^ 
icority, &c, 

CADAVEROUS (cadawr, L.) having 
the appearance of a dead carcais ; having the 
^oalities of a dead carcaii. 

The urine long deuined tn t^ bladder^ an 
well as ghifs, will grow aed, ftetid, r^deve- 
rom, and alkJioe, The cale is the iame wdth 
the fiagnant waters of hydropkal poKfons. 
Arbutb, on Aliments. 

CADENCE (witKOraim) n^witheibnnda 
end agieeably to the ear* 

CADENCE, in verfe and prole, ia forneA 
by the diffieience pf ^m^ hi ptonoanrings 
this is more difting»i4ife|j»>j>feW C?r««ilao4 
Lettin tonguea, than ft^HJj^B ia&gu^s { 
But there can be no verfewfl|PiS|k)efice doca 
not fliioe, ff there be any poetry Withoat it. 

CADENCE (with Parri) a ceruin meafiire 
•f veric, varying aatbe rerfe varies. 
CAT)ENT cadeni, L.) failing down. 
CAD'MI A {nmifmm, Gr.) a minesaJ^ where^ 
of theie are two ibru, ^fiharMiuA srttfiaaL 

f^ Jfdtursi 
Digitized by VaOv 

C A 

Natural CADM^A^ is either .that^T^liich 
tontain netiUick partt^ and is caUe4 MaUy 
^ that which contaim none^ called Lafis 

jtrHficialCA'OMtA^ it prepared fntA cop- 
per in fomacet. 

CAIS'SON a coirered waggon or eatriage 
Ihr profifionsand aimmaiiition for an army. 

( Gunnery ) a 
wooden chefty 
tontaining 4 
or 6 combs; 
or filled only 
with powder 
which the be* 
iirged bury 
voder ground, in order to blow up a work 
that the befiegers are like to be mafters of. 
Thus after the bonnet hat been blown op by 
the mine, they lodge a Caiffon under the nixns 
«f it, and when thejenemy has made a lodg- 
ment there, they fire the i^ijpm by the help 
of a fiiucift, and blow up that poft a lec<md 
CALAMEXANOUS, fweet mercury. 
CALAMINE, the fame aa La^i Ceda- 

CALAM'ITOUSNESS, tfubefiof ca* 

To CALCINE (fo/ctner; Pr. ealx, L.) 
1. To bum in the fire to a cabc, or friable 

The folids leem to be earth, bound* tog^her 
with A>me oil ; for if a bone be ca/dntd fo as 
the leaft force will crumble it, being immerled 
In oil, it will grow firm again. Arbutb. dn 
Alimenti . 
%\ To bum up. 

To CALCINE. To become a calx hy 

CALCINATION (of F/infx, *c.) it per- 
formed by heating them red hot, and then 
cafting them whilft fo into cold water or 
vinegar ; which being done four or five times, 
they will be very friable and eafiiy powdded. 

CALCINATION (of Lead) is peiibrmed 
hf melting the lead in an earthen pan un- 
glssed, keeping it ftirring over the fire with a 
fpatula, till it is reduced into a powder, 

CALCINATION (of Ttn) is perfermed by 
putting the metal into a large earthen pan 
uoglased in a great fire, ftirringit from time 
to time for 36 hours, then taking it off, and 
letting it cool. 

CALCINATOKY, avcflcltootlcinemc- 

CALCaOHAPHIST (of ««>;jc^y?«<l>^. 
ef jufX;^^, brafs, and }^£«^, to engrave. Or.; 
an engraver in brafs. 

To CALCULATE {taUuItr, F. from 
calculus, L. a little ftone or bead, ufed in 
operations of numbers.) i. To compute, 
to reckon : 2. to compute the fituatJon of the 
planets, at any certaiA tamci 3, to adjult, 

C A 

to project for any ctrtain'end^ 

The reafonablenefs of religion ctearly'ap. 
peaia, as it tends fo diiedly to the happioeft 
of men« and is, upon all accounts, cakdlmtk 
for cor benefit. 

CALCITL ATIO^f (from calculate,) i, H 
pra^Hce, or manner of reckoning, the ait of 
numbering : a. a reckoning, the refult sf 
arithmetical operation. 

CALCULATOR from calculatt) « cofli- 
putor, a reckoner. 

CALCULATORY (^m cakulmt) be* 
lonpng to calculation. 

CALCULE [uUculuif L.) tcckooiog, com- 

CALCULt (^JMrowy}.littleftonetinthe 
bhdder and kidneys. L. 

CALCULCSE {calcuhfut, L.)fullof llooei 
or gravel. 

CALCULAHTORY, pertaining te cal- 

C ALEF ACTO RY (of caitfaBm, L.) 
warming, heating. 

CAL&AOTORINESS {ofcsltfaOit^L] 
warmth, a being made hot. 

CAL'ENDAR (is derived of Caleadd, Ia 
I. a, the firft days «f^evenr month) it if an 
annual book commonly called an AktanaAf 
wherdn the days of the month, the feftiraly 
the fign the fun is in, the fttii't fifing and iet« 
ting, the changing of the moon, fiTc. area- 

To CAL'ENDSR {cakudHer, F.) topie^ 
fmooth, and fet a glod nponlinaen, &t, alfa 
the engine itfelf 

CALI'BRED (yt'ahputmtrs) meafuredvith 
calibre compaifes. 

CAL'IDUPTS {catiduButy L.) pipes « 
canals to convey heat, difpofed along the mlb 
of hottfes and rooms, to convey heat to ^' 
ral remote pirta of the houfe from one coffi- 
mon furnace. 

CALFGINOUSNESS, darkneg, fiilnefii 

CALLICRE'AS P C«aXXYpl«(, t «, 
CALLICRE«ON 5 ?««?ai^f«, J ^^ 
(with Auaiam,) a gbnduioas fubftance in tb< 
mefentery, lying near the bottom of dtf 
ftookach : in a hag Jk ia called the fweetbRad. 
in beafts the burr, L, See Pancnau 

CAL'LIDNESS {calliditas, L.) c^ffintfe 

CALLIL'OGY (M///%i#, L.of««XXiX» 
yia. Or.) an elegancy of diftioii. 

CALVINISM, the do^rine or principle 
of John Caknn and hb adheiteots, whoidi 
that Predefthation. and reproboitioA were prio 
or before the prefcience or fbreknowkdge « 
good or evil workt, and that they do depen 
merely upon the will of God, wlthMstafl] 
regard to the merits of mankind. 

They likewife maintain that God fjm%% 
thofe whom he has ptedcftinated a fiiith whtd 
they cannot loCe, « sieceffitating grace, wUd 
takes away the fieedoin of wiil^ and that h 


Digitized by V3OOQ IC 

C A 

tBpotei BO fia to tbofe dut are thns prede- 
Bmted ti ekaei). 

Alfo that the righteooj cannot do any good 
vorlc, ^Tcaibnof original fin, with which 
tfa«7 an cDntaminatedy and that naen are jof- 
lificd by faith. 

CALLOSITY {ealMt}, F,) a kind of 
iwdiif withoot pain, lUce that of the flcin, 
ly haid labour s and therefore, when wounds, 
or the edges of ulcers, grow f0| they are 
laid to be cathau ^iney* 

CALLOUS {callus^ L.] t. Indurated, 
budMd, hairing the pom fliut up : 2. hard- 
aoi, infenfible. 

Ueentiooineff has fo long pafled for iharp- 
ttfs of wit, and gitataefs of mind, that the 
ttnloeooe is grown ctthus, VEpratsge, 

CALLOUSNESS (from callout,) i. 
Budoe^!, iadoratioa of the fibres, 2. infen- 

CALLOUS, mflcdged, naked, without 

CALLUS (Latin.) i. An induration of 
tbrftrcs: «. die hand (uhftsnce by which 
litkcn booes ait united. 

CALM {juJmf, F. Ulm, Dut.) 1. Quiet, 
faeac, not feormy, not tempefbous, applied 
to the dements «. s. undifturbed, unrufBed, 
apffcdtg thcpafiions. 
f It is no ways congrtiouS) that God Ihoold 
be fiigbtnng snen Into truth, who were 
Bide to be wrought upon by calm evidence, 
methods of pcrfuafion. Atterburjit 

CALM. 1. Serenity, ftUlnefs, freedom 
fetm vioknt niockm. 
NorUod ahme in the ftiH td!m we find. 
He moonts the ftorm, ^nd walks upon 
the wind. Popi. 

1. TRcdom from difturbancc^ quiet, rcpofc, 
apffted to the pofiims. 

To CALM (from the noun.) i. To ftill, 
fD^nJct: 2. to pacify, toappeafe. 

CALMER (from tahm) the pwfoa or thing 
^ bas the power of giving quite 

CALMLY (from calm,) i. Without 
fbrms, or violence, fcrenely: 2. without 
|iffou, quietly. 
CALMNESS (from m/w.) t. Tran- 
\ qiaity, ioci^ I 2. mildncfs, freedom from 
CALMY (fioia calm) cahn, peaceful. 

It was m full 
Aad c«bry bay, on th' one fide Aettered, 
Vi& dw Voad Ihadow of a hoary hlU. 

Fairy %«»» b. ii. 
CALOTTT, a cap or coif of hair. 
Calotte (with jinbiuat) a round 
«ifey ar deprefluTC in form of a cap, lathed 
■4 fliifteTcd, to fcffen the riflng of a mo- 
^atechipel, &t, which elfe would be too 
^fiir other pieces of the apartment. 
Calx, chalk, burnt Ihne, morur. 
'WXilaClymicain^riitn) h cxpreCsM 
^tAbchaftOer, C. 
[ CKU (ia CtjmrJIry) • kind of alhef , or 

C A 

finefHable powder, which remains of metalt, 
nunerals, &c. after they haVe undergone the 
Tioletoce of the fire for a kng time, and ba?e 
loft all their humid parts. 

CAM'ARaDE 7 (ofww*ni, L.acham- 

COM'RADE J ber) a chamber-fellow, 
a fellow- foldier, an intimate companion, F* 
• CAM'EL {camths, L. of xiS|u«xe^ Gr.) 
a ftrong beaft fit only for bearmg burthens, 
which they are faid to be able to carry (fomc 
cf them) 7 or 8 hundred wdght, or half fe tun { 
fome of them have 2 bunches on thw backt 
like a faddle, and are fit both for bdng riddoi 
by men or carrying burthens ; there arc alio 
a thttfd fiurt of thefe, whkh ate bMh lefler and 
leaner than thefe, called DrmeJariei, afed 
by the great men of t)ie Jralnans, Arc. at 
horib to ride on, and it is reported that they 
can travel 10 or 12 days without food. 

CAMEXEON (of x«f*«»J^««»». ^ XH^^ 
on the ground, and Urn, a Hon, Gr.) a Ihtlc 
creature refcmbKng a lisard } but that the 
head of it is bigger or broader ; It is a quadru- 
pede, having on each foot three toes, ahd s 
kng tail, by which it will faften itfelf upon 
trees, as well as by its feet. It frequents the 
rocks, lires upon flies, gnats, &c, and jayt 
eggs, the common colour of it is a whitifli 
giey, but if it be expofed to the fun. or fct 
upon odier colours, fome parts of the ikia 
change their colour after a pleafant manner. 

CAM'ERATED {camtratus, L.) vaulted, 
deled, arched. ^ 

CAM'ER A OBSCUR A (in Opticks) a room 
darkenM every where, but only at one little 
hole, in which a glafs is fixed to convey the 
rays ©foveas to a frame of paper or whitg 
cloth behind it. • , - 

CAMPECHIO /ToflJ, a fi>rt of woM fo 
called from Campeaety in Amrica^ the place 
of its growth j commonly called log- wood, 
nfcd by dyers 5 the heart of the tree is* that 
only which Is ufed 5 it is at flrft of a rrf co- 
lour, but afterwards turns Mack, and if freep- 
ed in water gives It io ftrong a tinfture of tliat 
colour, that it may ferve inftead of ink j it 
is vtrv weighty, burns freely, and' produces a 
clear lafting flame. ... 

CAMPESTTIIAN {eampejhtu L.) be- 
longing to a plain field or champion country. 

CAM'PHOR 7 («i«/>iortf, L.)thcfuin 

CAM'PHIRE J or rofin of a tree called 
eapur, much like a walnut-tree, that 'growa 
on fome mountain^ near the fea in the Eaft* 
Indies, and alfo in the Ifland Borm : andto 
fuch a degree of largenefs, that an hunM 
men may ftand under the (hade of it. Thi» 
gum after tempcfts end earthquakes flows U 
great abd^nce. 

CAM'PHORATED {ean^boratus, L.) 

mixed with camphire. .. 

CAM'PVS Marfii 7 (fa tf »««!* cuftoms) 

CAMPUS Mail $• an annMriary af- 

fembly of cmt aneeftois on May day, where 

they conftdemud together to defend the king- 

' M ^ *f * 

Digitized by VjOO^ ^^ 

C A 

' dom agalnft fortigaers and aU enemies. 

CAKaLICULATED {caMliculam, L.) 
channelled, made like a pipe or gutter. 

CANA'RIES, fo called of canu dogs, bc- 
^ufe many dogs were found In it when iirft 
difcovered. Iflands th the Atlantick (ea, an- 
/ciently caliM the Fortumue Ijlands, from 
uhence comes the Canary wines. 

CANA'RY Bird^ an excellent finging bird 
.of a green colour, formerly bred in the Ca- 
)neriei and no;where clfc. 
CANARY Graft, an herb. 
To CANCEL {cMceller, F. from canceWs 
wtare, L. to mark with crofs lines.) x. To 
crofs a wming s a. to efface, to obliterate in 
Now welcome night, thou night Co long ex- 

That long days labour doth at lail defray. 
And all my cares which cruel love colle^ed, 
H9S iummon*d in one, aud cancdUd for age. 

. Thou whom avenging pow'rs obey, 
Cfficel my debt, too great to pay. 
Before the fad accounting day. 

Rcf common. 
CANCELLATED, crofs-fcarred, marked 
yrith lines crciTing each other. 
. CANCELLATION, according to Barto- 
iiis, is an expunging or wiping out of the 
contents of an inftrument, by two lines orawn 
li^ the manner of a crofs. 

4^/y«f'j Parergon, 
. CAN'CELLING (fome 4erive it from 
fuynX/Jw, Cr. to encompafs or pale a thing 
found) in the Civil Law, is an ad whereby 
a perfoo confents that fome former g€t be 
Itndrod aqU and void. 
CAN'CER, a crab fifli. 
CANCER (with Afirowm.) one of the 
twdve figas of the aodiack, which the fun 
enters in the month of Jutu 9 the charafUriftic 
oMt s9}Xh, ^ifrologen, &c. is this ^, and is 
sepveienud on the celeftial globe by the figure 
of a crab-fiih. 

Tropick tf Cancer (with j^rowmtrs) 
' tn imaginary line in the heavem, parallel to 
the equmo^l, fbro* the beginning of which 
line the fun paiTet in June, and makes our 
tmgeft day 1 it is called the northern tropick. 
C/7c«rari/ CANCER (with Sht^s) is a 
^ncer when it has grown larger uian a pri. 
native one^ and has been opened. 

Blind CANCER *% (with Surgeons) is a 
2i«rMr CANCER > primative cancer, 
, 0^«// CANCER 3 before it u- grown 
Virge^ opened, which is one that comes ot 
xtfeif, and appears at firft about the bignefs of 
a pea J cta&g an ioteniai^ q>ntin«al and 
pricking pain. 

7« CANY:£RATE {tawMtatwm^ L.) to 
fpread abrai4 cancerouHy, h*/ 

CANCBRA'TlON.(a i^j)^^ abroad 
canceroufly, L. 

CAN'CEROUSOTSS (of wwir, t.) the 
iKtng ciacented. 

c A 

CANDID {candidm, L.) 19 White, tlut 
fenfc is very rare. 
The box receives all black j but pour*d from 

The flones came candid forth, tbe hue of 

innocence. Dryden, 

2. Without malice, without deceit, fair, open^ 

The import of the difcourfe will, for the 
moft part, if there be no defigned fallacy, 
fufiiciently lead candid and intelligent readert 
into the true meaning of it. Locke* 
A candid yii%t will read each piece of wit. 
With the iame fpirit that its author writ. 

CANDIDATE (caiididaiMS, L.) a compe- 

titor, one that folicits, or propoies himXelf 

for fomething of advancement. 

So majiy candidates there ftand for wit, 
A place at court is fcarce fo hard to |ec, 


a- It has generallyyar before the thing fouj^c. 

What could thus high, thy raih ambition raifc? 

Art thou, fond youth, a coMdidatt for praife f 

3. Sometimes of. 

Thy firft fruiu of poefy were giv*n. 
To m^ike tbyfcif a welcome inmate there. 
While yet a young probationer, ^ 

And candidate oi'hoiJi^n* Dryden, 

CANDIDLY, fairly, without txick, with- 
out malice, ingenuoufly. 

CANDIDNESS, ingemiity, openneis of 
temper, purity of mind. 

It prefently fe«s the guilt of a finful ac- 
tion J and, OA the other iide, obfenres the 
candidtefs of a man*s very principles, and the 
fincerity of his intentions. Ssutb, 

To CANDIFY(wW^,L.)tomakc white, 
to whiten. 

CANDOR {candor, L.) fweetnefs of teoi^ 
per, purity of mind, Openoefs, iagenui^, 

He ihould have fo much of a natural cawdumr 
and fweetnefs, mixed with all the Improve- 
ment of learning, as might convey knowledge 
with a fort of gentle infinuation. ff^oiit* 

To CANDY (probably from candart, a 
word ufed in later times, ror to vibiteu,) i. 
To conferve with fugar, in fuch^a* manner, 
as that the fugar lies in Hakes, or breaks 
into tangles: a. to £irm into coogelatbaas 
3. toiacruft with congelations. 

To CANDY, to grow congealed. 

CANl'CULARES DIES (with .^en.) 
the dog-daya, commonly call«i Dies canicu^ 
lares, L. are days wherein the dog-iUr xifes 
and iets with the fon : during which time the 
vyeather is fultry and hot : thefc Dog^iUyi 
, begin about the 30th of Julyp and end abo^t 
the 6th of September, 

CA'NXFORM [cam/ormis, L.) ihaped*Ufce 
a dog. 

CAN'NON (caaM, F.| a piece of ordnance, 
or great gun, The 6fj^ uiat Wat ufcd was on 

Digitized by GOOglC «^« 

C A 

AeeaaA of DfwmM, in the year I304> and 
ifef p jt J i became coikimbn in the wars be- 
vea rhs Gtmfi and the Fenetiara, in the 
jetr i|8o J and in J3S6 arere ufed in £»- 
X£«W, the fifft bdng difcharged at the Aege 
«f Bsrmick, 

CAMION (eoMom'cus, L. camnige^ F.) a 
poftAor or do£lor of the canon law. 

CANONBSS (with the Rmamjft) a xnaid 
who tgifxp a prebend, affedled by the founda- 
tioB fir Biaidfy without being obliged to re- 
■osacetbe world, or make any vows. 

CANONS ReguUr, are canosa who ftill 
Ihe ia comananity, and who, to the pradtife 
•f thdrnile>, have added theprofeilion of vow'k. 

CANONS Secular, are lay-canont, fnch 
anoog the laity aa out of honour and refpe^ 
have been admitted toto fomc chapters of 

CANX)NRY, the benefice fill*d or fup- 
fly^d by a canon. 

r«CAP (5m Term) ofcd of a ihip, in the 
tmh of the running or fetting of currents. 

CATABLENfiSS {capacttas, L.) ability, 
fafidency, flull, reach of wit. 

CA?A5C10USNESS (of capaciias, h.) 
fafl^nefiy ability to receive. 

CAPACITY (in a Logical Senfe) an ap- 
titade, &cahy or difpofition to retain or hold 
• aaythia^ 

CAW (/. r. take}*a judicial vrrit relating 
tt» flea oC IsBdt or tcncmenti, and is of two 
Cam, vxs. Grand'capt and Peth-cape, both 
ivbkJb take Isold of things immoveable, and 
dtfer chiefly in tliis, that Grand-cape lies be- 
fore aMacaooe, and Petit-tape after it. 

A CATSK. (probably of caper, L. a goat, 
a nu&hjevooi creature^ or cf capio^ L. to 
take) a priTaCeet or pirate fliip. 

A CAPER (of caper, L. a goat, a fri/ky 
e) an agik or briflc and high ka^ in 

T# CATER (of capriffare, L.) to cut a 
apcr, to leap bri/kly, high and wantonly. 

CAKRATED {caperatuty L.) wrinkled 
Ske a 9nt*s horn. 

CAPIL'LAMENTS ojtbe Nervet, arc the 
ice fiiamenti or fibres^ whereof the nerves 
aR ctaspoied* 

CAPILXARINESS (of capil/aris, L. ea- 
fiSatrt, F.) hairtoefs, likenefs to hairs. 

CAPlLO-ARY {capiHaris, L.) pertaining 
to, or like hair. 

CAPtLLARY Taba (in Pbyficks) arc lit- 
tkaioes, whofe canals are the narroweft that 
paoMy can be, or fuch whofe diameter does 
satQiceedthatof a common hair. 

CAPfSTRATED Uapipatut, L.) mut- 


CAP'lTAL^'w (in F«rf if cation) [9 a right 
liac diawn from the angle of the polygon 
to the pofait of the baftion, or from the 
pahit of the batton to the middle of the 
^rge. • 

CAPITAL Lmm (with Primm) are the 

C A ' 

initial lettersj^ wherewith titles, &c, are com-, 
pofed, and all periods, verfes, &c, com- 
meme j all proper names of perfons, placet^ 
terms of arts, fcien<'es and dignities begin. 

CAPITAL (in Arcbi tenure) is a principal 
and efTential part of an order of columns or, 
ptlafters ; and is different in different orders^ 
and is that which chiefly diftinguUhes and 
cban£terifes the orders. 

The Corinthian CAPITAL, it much thei 
richeft-, it has no (hjolo, and its abacui is very 
different from thofe of the Dorick, lom'ck and 
Tufcan, It has its faces circular, hollowed! 
inwards, haVuig a rofe in the middle of eacix 
fweep. It has only a brim, and a vafe in« 
flead of an ovolo and annulets | the neck, 
being Ihuch 'lengthened and inriched with a 
double row of eight leaves in each, bendinf; 
their heads downwards, fmall (talks arifing 
between, from whence the volutes fpring i 
but they refemble not thofe of the Unick 
capital, which are 26 in this, infhad of 4 in 
the lonick, on each fide 4 under the 4 horns 
of the abacus, where the 4 volutes meet in a 
fmall leaf, which turns backwards towards 
the corner of the abacus. Thefe leaves ai^ 
divided, each making three ranges of lefTer 
leaves, whereof they are compofedj ag^in 
each lefTer leaf is fometimes parted into three^ 
called laurel leaves, but generally into 5 
called olive leaves. The middle leaf, which 
bends down, is parted into eleven. In the 
middle, over the leaves, is a flower, foot- 
ing oat between the ftems and volutes like th^ 
rofe in the abacus. The height of this capi- 
tal is two a-jds modules, and its projedure 

The Tufcan CAWTAL, is the mofl (impl^ 
and unadorned. Its members or parts are no 
more than three ^ an abacus, and under thje 
an ovolo or quarter-round, and under that a 
neck or coUarine, 

Compofite CAPITAL, ukes its name from 
its being compofed of members borrowed from 
the capitals of other columns. 1 

From the Dorick, it takes a quarter* round 
or ovolo ; from the lonick, an ailragal under 
this, together with volutes or fcroUs; from 
the Corinthian, a double row of leaves, aad 
in moft other things rcfembles the Corinthian^ 
generally confifting of the fame members and 
the fame proportion. 

There is a flower in the middle of the 
abacus, and leaves which run upwards under 
the horns, as in the Corinthian, It has flowr 
ers inftead of flalks in the Corinthian, Ijing ^, , ^\. ^ 
clofe to the vafe or bell, which twift them.* :* • * 
felves round towards the middled the faee *'' ' 
of the capital, is two modules i-jd, and iti 
projcfbure one module a- jds, at in the Cor 

The Dorick CAPITAL, befidea an «&4ctft 

and an ovoio, and a neck in common with 

the Tufcan, has 3 annulets, or little fquare - 

members underneath the ovolo^ iaftead of the 

Ma n . w K ClcM aftragil 

Digitized by VjVJv • 

C A 

ft{VrtgikliiitheT«/^«n, and over the abaeut, a 
talon, cima or ogee with a fillet. The Jjqght 
of this capital is one module, and its projcc- 
cure 37 mlnutet and an half. 

7bt Jonick CAPITAL. Is compofcd of 
three parts^ an ahacuSf which coniiitsof an 
cget ifid a fillet ; and under this a rind which 
-produces the volotea or fcrolls, whjch is the 
spoil eflfential part of this capital. The af- 
tngaly which is under that ovolo, belongs to 
the ihafty and the middle part b called a rind 
or bark, becaufe o^ its bearing foroc refem- 
Uance ^o the bark of a tree laid on a vafe, the 
brim of ivhich h i«pr?fented by die ovolo, 
gnd feems to have been ihrunk up in drying, 
and to have twitted into the volutes j the ovelo 
h adornM with eggs, fo called from their oval 
ibrm • The height of this capital fome reckon 
it ffllnuteSy its projedlure one module 7 

Angutar CAPITAL (in ArehiteShire) is 
t|iat whidi bears the retu^s of the entabla- 
ture at the corner of a projcflure of a froo- 

CAPITAl/0/tf 0allujler (in Arcbiteaurt) 
that part that crowns the ballufter, fomething 
refembling the ionick camtals. 

CAPITAL of a Trig/ypb {Arcbiteilurt) 
t platband over the triglyph. 

CAPITAL of a Niche {Arcbiuaurt) a fort 
of fmall canopy over a ihallow niche cover- 
ing a ftatue. 

CAPITAL Stock (in trade , 1c.) is the 
ftock or fund of a trading company, or the 
fum of money they jointly contribute to be 
employed in trade. 

CAPITAL City^ the y^dpal city «f a 

CAPITA LNESS (of capita/is, L. capita/, 
J*.) the being great, chief. 

CAPITATED PLANTS (with Botaniftt) 
are fuch plants whofe flowers are compofed of 
many edjcd and hollow little fiowers, and Mr< 
Ray calls them by this name, becaufe their 
fcaly calix moft comcnonly fwells out into a 
large and round belly, containing within it 
^e pappous feed, as Carduus, Centaury ^ Sec. 

CAP'ITE (In Lavf) a tenure by which a 
terfon hflid of the king tmmediatelyy as of 
liis crown, ^ther by knight's fervice or foe- 
cage I and not o^any honour, caftle or roa- 
fioor belonging to it. But by a ftatute la 
, ebarts II. all fuch tenures are aboliihed. 

CAPITOL, the C^iVf/ at ^om was con- 
fecrated to Jupiter haperater, was built upon 
the Tarpeian mountain ; was a very famous 
ilru^lurc, the richeft and moft npted in all 

cTa'PON (in a Figurstite fcnfc) an cffcmi- 
liate fellow, fo railed by way ofderifion. 
CAPON'S rail, an herb- 
CAP'RiE SALTANTES (with Metevro- 
l^gijit) a fiery metaphor or exhalation, which 
fometimes appears in ^he atmofphere, and is 
«ot fired m a ilrait line, but with wiodingB 

C A 

•nd inflections in and out, |^t 

CA'PRICE ? pieces of poetry,! 
CAPIII'CHIOS and mufick, where the 
force of imagination goes beyond the rules 
of art. 

CAPRJCE 7 {caprice, F. cafride, 
CAPRICHIOj Span,) freak, fancy, 
whim, fttdden change cf humour. 
Heaven's great view is one^ and that the 

whole ; 
That counterworks each lolly and caprice, , 
Th,at dilappoinu the effe£i of every vice. 

Then: pafiiohs movf in lower fpheres. 
Where'er caprice or folly (leers. Snift, 

QAV^\ClOV^{eaptKieux, F.)whimfial, 
fanciful, humourfome. 

CAPRICIOUSLY whimfically, in a aanr 
ner depending wholly upon fancy. 

CAPRICIOUSNESS. The , i^ualityi of 
being led by capirice ^ humour, wbiffifi* 
calnefs. ' 

A fubjtd ought to fuppo(e, that there are 
reafons, although he ^ not apprifedof then,) 
otberwife he muft tax hit prince of cajfrid- 
oufnefs, inconflancy, or ill defign. Smfi^ 

CAPRICORN (with Afircnmers) one of 
the figns of the zodiack, reprefented on globes 
in the form of a horned goat ;$ the A»n entaji 
this fign ia t^e mid^ of winter, about the 
xith ^December. 

CAPRI'pENOUS (caprlgewus, L,) bora 
of a goat, or goat kind. 

C APRip'LE, a caper or, l)pp in dandngt 
a goat leap, F, 

CA'PRIp^PE [<iapripet, t.) having feet 

CAPRI'ZANT ^«lfr (p«!fri caprhsant, 
L.) ar\ uneven or leaping pulfe. 

qAPSTAN(«^^fl,f^ F.) A cylinder, with 
Iclfcrs to Wind up ar.y great weight j paiticOf 
larly to raife the anchors of a fiiip. 
No more behold thee turn my watch*s key, 
A» feai^en at a capjfi^ anchors wdgh« 


Mfiin CAP'STAN, ia the machine orr^ 
fian placed behind the mafai^isail. 

5^«r CAPSTAN is the machine pM 
between the maio-maft and the foremafti 
it is made ofe of to heave upon the jeer-ropCi 
or upon the yiol, and to hold off by, when 
the anchor is weighing. 

C9mem CAPSTAN 7 ( Sea term ) is 

LtfMjififc /^ CAPSTAN 5 ufed vphenthe 
ffiariners would have the cable that thej 
heave by flacked. 

Paul the CAPSTAN (Sea term) figoito » 
(lop it with the paw], to keep it from recouiBf 
or turning backwards. 

Man the CAPSTAN {Sea term) is to 
place fo many men at it, as can fiaod to hes?e 
and .turn it about. 

Spindle of a CAPSTAN, is the main ^^ 
dy of it. 

fnelpi 0/ a CAPSTAN, are ^^ P^ 

Digitized by V3OOQIC 

C A 

tf wool made frft to It, to htoder tht caUe 
fi«iB coming too nigh in tnrntng it about. 

CAF^ULACORDIS (with Afiatmtifit) 
Ife ftitt chat eocompaiiiBS the iieait, the iiune 
it Pme^rdhem, L, 

CAPSVLA (with Oymifti) an earthen 
vtffd in ban. of a pan, wherein thingsy which 
tie ttondetyo a viokent operation by fire ate 

CAPWLAR (edffiilaris, L.) pertaining 
to a oafier> chcfi or caiket. 

LmtniaBf CAPHTAIN, the captaih^s fe- 
eoDl, or the officer who commands the com- 
piay ooder the captain and in hii abfence. 

CAPTAIN (of a mercbtint-Jhip) the maf- 
toof it^ who has the command or direction 
ifthcflnp^ crew, ladings &c» 

CAPTAINSHIP, the dignity or office of 

CAPTAXIONy a catching at, ambition j 
^CaptmitM 0fp^mUtrfa99ur^ L* 

CAPTION (from capio, L. to take.) The 
aft of taking any perioB by a judicial proceis. 

CAPTIOUS {caftieux, F. eapthfm^ L,) 
1. <S«aa to caTils} eager to objed: a. In- 
■now y cAusarii^* 

CATIOUSLY. In a captioot manners 
with an inclination to objeA. 

Uieyoor words at tapthuJJy at you can, tn 
yoar aiguiag en one fide, and apply diftinc- 
taon OB the other. Locki. 

CAPTIOUSNESS, inclination to find 
&bIc; inclination to objed ; peeviihneft. 

CAPTIOUSNESS is a faolt oppofite to 
cnJJty, it often produces miibeooming and 
piovckiiig eipreffiont and carriage. Locke, 

ToCAPTJVATE {captivtry F, captive, 
i*') u To take prilbner} to bring into 

He defiorves to be a flave that is content to 
hnt the cational fovereignty of bis finil, 
mi the Bbcrty of his will, (o capiivated, 

king CharUs, 
S'TochauDj to oferpower with excellence, 

Widom enten the laft, and fo eaptivata 
\im with her appearance, that be gives him* 
fefttptohcr. Addijw, Guardian t, 

y T»oillave ; with to. 

They fay i trap for themfelves, and caP' 
ihett their noderftandinp to miftake, falfe- 
|Kiod, aod error. Locke. 

CAPTIVATION, theaaof uking ooe 


CAPTIVE (cap/if, F. capttmu, L.) i. 
One taken in war » a prisoner to any enemy : 
s. coe charmed, or enfnared with beauty or 

My woman's heart 
Crjfily grew captive to his honey words. 
SJhak. Rich. III. 
Captive, made pnfoner in war; kept m 
^N«|e or confinement 

. ToCAPTlVJi, to take prifoncr j to bring 
^acooditionof fcrvitude. 

C A 

CAPTIVITY, bondage, naTtey,fervitodtf* 
When love*8 well timed, *tis no( a fault to 

The ftrong, the brave, the virtuoos and the 

Sink in the foft cativifj together, 

AJdif, "Cato^ 
CAPTOR {capie, L, to take) he that 
takes a prifoner, or a prise. * 

CAPTURE {capture, F, captura, JL.) the 
a£t'orpra£Uceof taking of anything: 2. the 
thing taken I a prize. 

CAPUT mortuum (in Chymicai Writen) 
is expreded by this charaAer. ( ' ) 

CAR, a icihd of rolling throne, uied ia 
triumphs) and the fpleodid entry of princes. 

CAR, is a contraction of Kaer, Brit. anA 
fignifies a city, as CarKJU, Carleon, 

CAR, figoifies a low, watery place, whei^ 
elders grow $ orapool ; uCardetv^ 

CAR'AT 0/ Gold, is properly the wdght 
of 24 gjrains ; or one fcruple 14 carats make 
one ounce. If the gold be fo fine that in 
purifying it, it lofes nothing or but very little^ 
it is faid to be gold of 24 carats ; if it lofea 
one carat, it is faid to be gold of 13 carats, &c. 
CARAVAN'SERASKIER, the direaor» 
fteward, or intendant of a caraveof^n. 
CAR'AWAYS, a plant. 
CAR'BUNCLE (with Sttrgittu) a fiety 
botch or plagoe-fore, with a black cruft or 
icab, which falling off leaves a deep and dan* 
gerousuker, called alfo ^/ibr#». 

CARBUNCULO'SE {carhmculofas, L.) 
full of fores. 

CAR'CANET (of carcait, F.) a chaip ftir 
thaneck. ' 

CAR'CASE 7 {careaffe,F,f.d,car9caJk 
CARCASE S v^'^> i* «• *^^ without 
life) a dead body. 
CAR'C ASSES, a fort of oval foKm, made 
A wifh ribs of 

U\. iron, and af- 
terwards fiird 
with acompo- 
fition of roeul 
powder, falt- 
petre, broken 
g)afs, (havings 
ofhorn, ^tch, 
linfeed oil, and afterwards coated 
over with a pitch doath, and being primed 
with meal powder aod quick match, is fired 
out of a mortar^ in order to let houies on 
fire : there is alfo another fort for fea fervice^ 
which is the fiime as the bomb, only that it 
hath five holes in it, all primed with powder 
and quick match, and being difchar^^ out 
of the mortar, burnt violently out of the 
holes. See Bomk, 

CARCELLAGE (of farcer, L, a prffon) 
the £eet that piifoners pay before they can be 

CARD (cbarta, £•) a fca chart. 
CARDINAL yirtyet ^with A^r^r^) are 


C A 

fruifftctf ttm^^nce, jufiice tnifirtitiuie ^ fo 
catled by EtB'ick writen from eardo, L, a 
})inge 9 becaufc tbcy confider them as hingeS| 
upon whkh all other virtute turn. 

CA'RDINALSHIP {cardinalas, F.) the 
dignity of a cardinal. 

CARDINAL WINDS, the Eaji, Wtfi, 
ff^rtb and SouSb, 

CARDO (with Anntomijfs) the fccond rer- 
tebra of the fieck, fo termed, becaufe the 
head turns upon it. 

CARE (cajte, Sax,) i. Solitude, anxiety, 
perturbation of mind, concern. 
Or, if t would take care, that care ihouM be 
For wit that Ccorned the world, and liv*d 
like me.' Dryden, 

2. Caudon : 3. regard, charge, heed in' or- 
der to prote£tion and prefervation. 

If we believe that there it a God, ' that 
takes care of os, and we be careful to pleafe 
him, this cannot be but a mighty comfort to 
ut. TjUotfon, 

4. ft is a loofe and vague word, implying 
attention or inclination, in any decree more 
or lefs* 

We take care to flatter ourfclres with 
imaginary fcencs and profpefts of future hap- 
pinefs. Atterbury, 

5. The objeA of eart^ of caution or q{ love. 
Your iafety, more than mine, was then my 

. cartf 
Left of the guide berefV, the rudder \a^t 
your (hip Aould run againA the rocky coaft. 


To CARE, to he anxious or foUcitous \ to 
.be in concern about any thing* 

To CAREEN a Ship (of carina^ L, a 
hct\ can'nerf F.) is to fit or Mim the fides 
or bottom, to canik her fearos, or to mend 
any fault Hie has under water } a Aup is faid 
to he brought to a careen, when the greateft 
part of h^r lading beijig taken out, Ihe is 
aiade fo light, that by ^eans of' another lower 
veflel laid near her^ ihe may be brought down 
to one 6de, to the 3d, 4tli or 5th ftrake, as 
low a^ occafion re^uiies, and there kept by 
halla{l\o be caulked, trimmed, &c, 

A half CAREEN, is when they cannot 
come at the bottom of ehe fhip, and io can 
only cnreea half of it, F. 

CAREE'NAGE, a careening place j alfo 
the pay for careening, F. 

CAREFUL, I. Anxious, folicitous, full 
of concern. 

Welcome, tfcou pleafing flomber ; 

A while embrace roe in thy leaden arms. 

And charm my r<7rr/»/ thoughts. 

Denbam% Sophy, 
2. Provident, diligent, cautious : 3. watch- 
iul : 4. fubje£^ to perturbations, expofed to 
trot^bles, full of anxiety, full of folicitude. 
By him that raised me to this caref I height,, 
trom that conttntcd hap which I enjoy *d. ' 
Shakfpear^ Rich, III. 

CAREFULLY, hccdfuUy, waichfully, vi. 

C A 

gUautly, «ttenti7elv. 

CAREFULNESS, vigilaace, httiMxitU^ 

CARELESSLY, negligently, unattentive- 
ly, without care, heedlefsly. 

CARELESSNESS, heedlefinefs, inatteii'* 
tion, negligence, abfcence of care., 

I who at fometimet fpend, at others fpare^ 
IXvided between carel^neft and care. Pope^ 
CARELESS. I. Without care, without 
folitode, unconcerned, negligent, inattendvey 
heedlefs, regardJefs, tfaoughtlefi, negleftfui; 
unheeding, unthinking, unmindful, with of 
or eAout, 

Nor lofe the good advantase of his grakce^ 
By feeming z5a, or (arelejt of hil will. 

Shake/pear, Hemy IV, 
2. Cheerful, undifturbed. * 

Thus wifely earehfs, innocently gay^ 
Cheerful he play'd. Pofa^ 

3* Unheeded, thoughtleft, nnconfidered; 

The freedom of faying as many carefefi 
things as other people, without being (o fe- 
verely remarked upon. Pope, 
4. Unmoved by, unconcerned at. 
Ctf/-f/tf/} of thunder from the clouds that tnakj, 
My only omens ft-om your looks I take. 

To CARESS (earejer, F, from carm, L.) 
To endear, to fondle, to treat with khidnefs. 
If I can fcaft, and pleafe, and carefs my 
mind with the pleafnres of worthy fpecula- 
tions, or virtuous pradbices, let greatnefs and 
mab'ce vex and abridge me if they can. 

CARESS, an a£l of endearment, an ex*. 
preflion of tendernefs. 
He, ihe knew, would intermix. 
Grateful digrei!\ons, and folve high difimte^ 
With conjugal carejis. Par. Lofi, b, f ili. 1. 54, 
CARINATED (with B^tanip) bending 
or crooked, like the ktti of a mip, carina, 
L* fo the leaves of the Afpbodeias are Aid 
to be. 

CARK'INGNESS, anxioufnefs, care^J. 

An old CARLE f either of cert, C. Brit* 
or ceorl. Sax. a churl) an old doating, co- 
Tetous hunks, a furly niggard. 

CAR'MINE, a red cotour, rery vivid, 
made of the cochineal meftlque. 

CARMINANT (with PbyJicians)QztTM^ 
native medicines, r. r. fuch as are emcacsous 
in difperfing and driving out wind, L, 

CARNaLNESS {carnalitas, L,) flefhlf- 
nefs, .a being given to fleihiy luAs. 

CAR'NEOL, a foit of jMrecious ftone; alib 
a kind of herb. 

To CARNI'FICATE {carMtficatum, £.) 
to quarter, to cut in pieces as a hangman. 

CARNOUSNESS, ile(hine&, fulneia of 

CARO (with Anatomifls) the flfc/h of ani- 
mals, which they define to be a fimilar, fi» 
brous, bloody, foft and thick part, which^ 

Digitized by Google ^"^^"^ 

C A 

capecbcr with the hsom, h the mahi prop of 

CA^QS (nm^. Or.) » JethMrgy or deep 
Ifl^ to which the penon aflieded^ being 
fdki» leached, or called, icarce difcovers 
mf tig^ti lecfivf or heariag j this difiem- 
|cr B witbooC a fcver^ ia degree greater than 
akthnn, hot k6 tbaa aa apoplexy. 

CAHTOTINESS (of earor, a red root} 
k'lBf red liaired. 

CAOIOTIDES (Mi(ifl»ho Gr.) two ar- 
tma of the neck^ one on each fide, ferving 
It casMT the blood from the Aorta to the 
kuoj fo called, becaofe wheo ihey are 
i^ they preiently indioe the pcribn to 

CARP «SMir> a ftone of a triaagular form, 
iMad in t^ pahu of a carp, 

were iacorpomted anno 
1476. Their arms are 
argntf a cheveroo in- 
grayrd between 3 pair 
of conpafleipointiiig to- 
wards the bale, and a 
_ littie extended. Their 

hali ia ituattd on the north fide of tondui^ 
wsS^ ofer agsinft Mctblebtm* 

Gr.) the fruit of the Balm or iTo^w tree, 
nry iBttch like that of the turpentine. In 
iape, fife and colour. 

CaRTITS (with Aiutomifis) the wrift con- 
fiftiog of dght bones, with which the cubit 
w eftlow is joined to the hand, L. 

CARHIER {carriere, F.) one who con- 
iaSka m drives wagsooe froaa country to town, 

CARRIE'RING (of €Mrriere, F.) a rvn. 
trng ar paffiog foil fpeed. Mi/ten, 

CARROUSEL, a magn'dicent feftiiral. 
Bile QpQo occafion of fomt publicktejoycing, 
cenfiitiag of a cavakade or folemn riding on 
hade-back of great perfonages, richly array *d, 
ODodb of cfaariocs and horfes, publick ihews. 

To CAR^Y a hvu (Ssa term) k faid of 
a flkfa, when ihe mako the water foank be- 

CARTE BLANCHE, a bbnk paper, fel- 
don o&d but in this phrafe, to fend cne a 
tant Mawfe, figned to fill up with what con- 
dU^ia he fdeaies. 

CARO'ItAGE, (by Jnat,) is defined to 

W a fitiiiUr, white part of an anisial body, 

v^xh ia harder and drier than a ligament, 

bat fifter than a bone, the nfc of it b to ren- 

ior the articulation or jointing of the bones 

•Swe ta^, and defends feveral parts from 

Wwad Injories. 

CA'RTON 7 (in PMting) a deOgn 

CaRTOCN J made on ftrong paper, 

^^i&crwazds caJked throogh ; and tranf- 

^'^ ea the firtfh plaifter of a wall to be 

Nuil ^ frefco ^ a pattern for working in 

c A 

tapeftry, Mofaick, H^e. the Cartoons of Ha- 
^ba4 Urban at Haapton-^onH^ are faid to be 
for tapeftry, defiga*d for patterns. 

CARTOU'SE \ (cartocde, Ital.) an 

CaRTOU'CH \ ornament in /ircii^ 
tefi^e, Sculpture^ €^c. reprefenting a feroll 
of paper j it is moft commonly a fiat meabec 
with waviflgs, on whi^h is fome infoipcioo 
or device, cypher, ornament of armory, &c« 

CARrrULAlRES, papers wherein the 
oontia^, fales, exchanges, privileges, im^ 
munities, exemptions and other a£ls that be^ 
long to the churches and monaileries are col- 
lected and preierved* • 

CARYOCAS^muM (yiUhApttbecanesj 
an ele£h>ary (o denominated from its ingre* 
dients, v/». Ci^o and C^, whkh is chiefiy 
uied.lor|iie gout and pains in the linobs. 


CASE-HA'RDENED, obdurate, hardea- 
ed in impiety. 

CASE.HAfRDENING, amethedof 
making the outfide of iron hard by a particu- 
lar method of potting it into a cafe of loam, 
aiixt with dried hoofs, fait, vinegar, &f<, 
and heating it red hot in the forge, and after- 
wafds quenching it in water. 

impudence, &c. 

CASE of confdimte, a ^ueftion or fcniplo 
about fome matter or religion, which the 
perfon that is diflatitfied, is defiroua to kav6 

BREAST CAS'KETS (in « Shff) the 
longefl of the caikets, ia the middle olf (he 
yard juft between the tiea. 

CASS-WEED (with Botaaifii\ a kind of 

CASSONAfDE 7 cafie.fugar, fogar put 

CASTONAl>E 5 upinto^cafittorchefts, 
after the Arfl purification. - 

CAST of the Country (with IjlGntrt) the 
colour of the earth. 

T« CA$T a fypwk f tbef^rch {Fa/c) to 
put her upon it. 

CAS'TER (of caflrtan a cam|i, or cafitUnm, 
L, a camp or caflie) fet at the end of a name 
of a place, intimates there had in that place 
been a camp, caftle, &c, of the Romans, 

To CAS'TIOATE {c^igarum, L.) to 

CASTING (in Fonndery) is the nsiuiinf 
of melted metal into a mould prepared for 
that porpofe. 

CASTING (with Joiners) wood is faid to 
call or warp, when it fhoou or (brinks by 
moifture, air, fun, &€, 

To CASTLE, a ter« ufed at chefs-play. 

Pro9f CASTLE (in a Ship) is the rife or 
.elevation of the prow over the uppermoft 
deck towards the mizxen. 

Sum CASTLE (in a Sbif) the whole ele- 
vatiofi that runs on the Hera over the iaft 

Digitized by 


C A 

deck, where the officers cabuu di^ flt<e> oi 
aflembly are. 

CASTLES (in Reraldry) are emblems of 
«an4eor and magnificence | they aifo denote 
lioanary and fafety ; they are given for arms 
to fach a» have reduced them by main force, 
or have been the firft that mounted their 
walls, cither by open aflault or by efcalade $ 
alfo to one that hat defeated ibme enemy or 
taken fome piUboer of note^ who bore them 
in his banner or fhidd. 

CASTOR, an amphibious animal, called 
alfo a BtcmtTy livmg both on land and in the 
water. It u of a white or afh colour, has 
ircry iha/p teeth, the fore-feet refemble thofe 
of a dog, and the hindermoft thofe of a goofe, 
haTing on each five toes. The Amricant 
eat the fiefli of thefe animals for food^ and 
make ufe of dieir ftins for clothes } and we 
their forr for making hats \ what fome have 
reported, that when this creature is pnrfued 
he bites off hk tefticles, is faid by others to 
be % miftake^ and that what is fold by the 
apothecaries is only fome glands found near 
his flank and fliare. 

-CASTOR afid Pollux (in meteorokp) a fiery 
meteor, which, at fea, appears fometimes 
iHcking to a part of the ihip, In form of one, 
two, or even three or four balls. When one 
is feen alone, it is more properly called //<- 
lewy which portends the fevereft part of the 
Aorm to be ytt behind ^ two are denominated 

Cmftor and Pollux^ and fometimet T^ndaridet^ 

^ ' of the ftorm. 


which portend t ceiTation 

• CASUAL {eafuel, F. from eafw, L.) ac- 
cidental, aiifing firom chance, depending upon 
chance, not certain. 

That which feemeth'moft cafral^ and fub- 
jeQ to fortune, is yet dlfpofed by the ordi- 
nance of God. Ktieigb^i ttiftory. 
Whether found, where cafud/firt 
Had wafted woods, on monntaioi or in 

I>own to the veins of earth. 

Par, Lcfi, b. xi. L 566. 
CASUALLY, accidentally, without defign 
or fet purpefe. 

' Go, bid my woman 

Search for a jewel, that too eafuetty 
Hath left my arm. ShaktL Cymbelini, 

CASU ALNESS, accidenulnc6. 
CASUALTY. I. Accident, a thhg hap- 
pening by chance, not defign. 

With more patience men endure the loffea 

that befall them by mere cafualty^ than the 

damages which they fuftain by injuftice. 

Pa/eigb*» M,Jfay, 

2. Chance tliat produces unnatural death. 

Builds in the weather on the outward will. 

Even ia the force and road of cafuahy, 

Sbakf, Mecb, ycmei. 

CASUIST {cafuifiey F- from cajtt^, L.) 

one that ftodies and fettles cafes of coofcicnce. 

7he jadgBKAt of any c«frip^ or learned 

C A 

divine, concerning the (Vate of a man^s Ibul, 
is not fufliciest to give him confidence, toctb^ 
Who (hall decide, when dodort difagxeey 
And foondeft cafuifis doubt like you and me* 

CASUISTICAL, relating to cafes of coq- 
ijpience, containing the do^irinc relating t» 

What aignmentt they have to begaik poor 
fimple, unftable fouls with, I know not; 
but furely the pradical, ti(uifiical^ that i», 
the principal, vital part of their veligkui, ik- 
vours very Uttle of fpirituality. Stktb.. 

CASUISTRY, the fcience cS cafuijh, the 
doflrine of cafes of confcience. 

Morality, by her falfe guardians dtawn^ 

Chicane in fors, and cafuiftry in lawn. 

Popi% Dunci^d, 

CATALEP'SIS («a<niM4«;, Gr.) «oia: 

CATALEPSIS (with Pbyfidmu) a diieafo 
very much like an apoplexy, by means of 
which sail the animal funftions are abolHhied j 
but yet fo, that the fkcolty of fareatfatng re- 
mains, and the patient returns to the fiinie 
habit of body that he had before he was ieis*4 
vrxth the diftemper, Gr» 

CATAPBLTA (among the ^rrmit} an 
inftrunnent of puniihment. It confiAed in t 
kind of prels compofed of planks, between 
which the criqiinal was cruih*d. 

CATARACT {xaiu^aAn, Gr.) a foil of 
water, acafcade. 

What if all 

H« flores are opened, and this firmanient 

Of hell ihould fpout her catarafft of -fii« ? 

Impendent horron ! 

Milt. Par, Lofi. b. ii. J. lyo. 

Torrents and loud impetuous cataraih. 

Through roads abrupt, and rude unfaihio&M 

Run down the iofty mountain's chaniielM 

And to the vale convey their filming tides. 

CATASAR^A {nawtrafM; Or.) a kind 
of drapfy, the fame as Anafarea^ ^ 

CATASCHAS'MOS(of ju<r« and ^mlm. 
Or. to fcarify) a fcarification. 

CAT ATA 'SIS {Anatomy) an eztenfion or 
ftretching out of an animal body towards the 
lower parts. 

CATEGOR'ICAL SyUogiJm (with I^gi^ 
a'ant) is a fyllogifm wherein ixtth propofitSons 
are categorical or pofitive } as for example. 
Every vice is odious. 
Dmnkermejs is a vice ; 
^Tbereftre drunkennefs is odious. 

CAT/EGORY {luimyyU of uaruyfim, 
Cr, to accufe) an accufation ; a term in Xo> 
gick for order or rank, predicament. 

CATEGORIES (of »an;.^«fia,Gr.) are 
reckoned by Logicians 10, fiibfiauce, fuautity, 
fuality, telatiofi, itfHn^, frfftring, tobere^ 
wben, Jtuatiofit baving^ 


Digitized by V3OOQ IC 


C A 

CATCKATION, cbtioine. t* 

CATTKPIL'LER. (in t figurative fenfe) 
a^ envioiis perfon that does milcfaiaf withoat 

CATHARTICALNBSS (of edtbartkus,. 
Ufitui^tufm^ Gr. to p>J«e) poTging qu4llty. 

CATHOL1CALNESS (of catBoHcus, L. 
eahdi^, F, of jm^^mc, Gr«} beiog of a 
odMikk rpirk, oniverfalnefs. 

CATH YP'NI A (of «tf 9irvWar> Or. to (Ifcep 
food) i deep or profound fleep, fuch as per- 
ibiit uein tw tajdng oi^tet, or In a lethargy. 

CATOMIS (««'r4ii, Gr.) the fcience of 
lein nfion ; the part of the fdence of 0^- 
tkb, which (hews after what manner object 
Bay be leen by refiedion | and explains the 
lulbaof it. 

CATCPTRICAL Dial, one which ex- 
lAib dljcds by refleahsg rays. 

CATOPTRICAL Telifcofe, a telcfcope 
tbt ethibfts ol]^6H by refle£bon. 

CATOTHE'RICA (in Pfyfek) medicines 
y/^ puge the rcigni and lirtr from vicious 

CATT HOOK (in a Ship) a hook to^raifc 
er bbtfe Qp the anchor from the top of the 

CATULOT'ICA (of x«thX5«, Gr. to (kin 
over) medicines which cicatrize wounds. 

CAVA VENA (in Anatomy) i. e. thehol- 
fev fdn, Che largeft vein is the body, de- 
Sbeadtag from the heart. It is fo named from 
hi hiieaYity^ and into ir> as into a common 
cLoael, all the leffer veiils, excepf the P«/- 
kM«rzfy cmptY themlelves, 

T* CAVAlCA'DEy to (kirmifli U they 
aaich, and firing a{ one i^nother by way of 

CAYILLATION (with School-men) a 
ApUfiical and fiilfe argument; a particular 
manner of diipot>BC> grounded on nothing but 
guides 9Bd amttntious niceties. 

Grtattr CA'VITIES of tbt Body (with 
Aui.) the head ibr the brain^ the chcft for 
the lang^ ^c. th^ lower belly for the liver> 
jailrgn and other bowels* 

L^ QA'VlTlB^SrftheBoih (widi^itttf.) 
thtfeBtncks of the heart and brain j alfo the 
■hotSow par|s of bones. 

CAIJSABLB (from camfa, L.) that which caaiedy or <fie£ted by a caofe. 

Tlut maybe miraculoufly afTe^ed in one, 

Whkh is naturally caufahU in another. 

Brvwnt Pu/g, Err,h, Ui. c. ai. 

CAUSAL, relating to caafes, implyli^g or 
, cifimiBg caiifes. 

CAUSALITY, the agency of a caufe, the 
fBah^ of caofing. 

CAUSALLY, accordmg to the oider or 
Ctsitt«f caufes. 

CAUSATION, the aft, or power of 

CAUSATIVB, that exptciTcfl a caofe, or 
. CMTSATOR, a cao&r, ao «uthor of aoy 

C A 

CAUSE (cau/a, L.) that whkh pmducn 
or effefts any thing. 

The wife and learned amongft the very 
heathens themielres, have all acknowledged 
fome firA Caufe, whereupon originally the 
being of all things dependeth. Hwkr, b..U 


Caufr Is a fobftance exerting Its power into 
act, to make one thing begTn to be. Loch, . 
2. The Reafin, motive to any thingt 3. caufil 
of debate, fubjell of litigation t 4. fide^party^ 
ground or principle of a6lion» or oppofition* 
Ere to thy caufe, on thee my heart inclm*d. 
Or love to party had fcducM mj mmd. 


To CAUSE, to effca as an agent, to pro« 
doce. *^ 

She weeping aflc'd, hi thefe h«r hloom!n( 

What anforefeen mtsfbrtone caufe4hev caie 

To loath her life, and lai^uifli in defpak* 
l)ry4en's Fableu 

CAUSELESSLY, without caufe, withopt 

CAUSELESS. I. Without cauie, orignal . 
to itfelf. 

Reach the Almighty's facred throne 
And make his tauJeJefi powV, the caufe of fit 
things known. Bladtmor9*i Creaiion^^ 
». Without juft ground, or motive. 
As women yet who apprehend. 

Some fnddeo. caufe of caMefi foiT, 

Altho* that fceroing cauie take eod^ 

A ihakiflg thro* theur limbs they £nd, 


CAUSE ^!ng that which, produce an ef- 
feCtf or that by which a thing it j ,caufes m 
divided into four kinds. 

Efficient Ca\JSE, is that which produces 
another caufe t alfo an external caufe from 
which any thug derives its being oe ^ence 
by a real adion. There are ieveral of thefo 

A 4ift^ CAUSE, fo 19 a.grasilfather izt 
refpe2l to his grahdfon. 

An equi-aocal CAUSE, is that which is of 
a different kind apd denomination irom its 
effeA ; as Gcd, with refpe^l to his creatures. 

An ittfirumental CAUSE, t}ie hi^ument 
with which a piece of work is done. 

An intilleaual CAUSE, a man with re« 
fpcct to what he does with judgmear. 

A free CAUSE, fuch is a man who walks, 

A natural CAUSE, the fun. 

A uecejfary CAUSE, the fire that bums 

A proper CAUSE, as the fun of light ; ib 
alfo the fun giving light to a chamber, the 
window IS but the conditional cauie, without 
Which the effisct would not have been ; cea- 
ditiejine qua nor* 

The Pbypcal CAUSE, is that which pio« 
duces a feeble corporeal efiipct ) as the fun 
is the caufe of heat ; alio a fire which burnt 
a houfe* 


C A 

* The moral CAtTSE, the mao who (ets it 
OQ fire ; alfo that which produces a real effect, 

' but in things immaterial, at rcpeatance is the 
caufe of forgiveneni. 

ji total CAUSE, is that which pTOduce$ 

* the >«hoIe effect, as God in creating Adam, 
becaufe nothbg concurred with him io it. 

' Partial CAVSZ, is that which concurs 
with fome other in producing the effect, as 

- the father and mother of a child^ becauHe both 

* the one and the other were neceflarily con- 
cerned in the generation of it. 

' Accidental CAUSE, as the fun that kills 
f man by its heat, becaufe he was ill difpofed 

' ^ProduSfJvi'CAlJSE, is the mother of her 

^ child. 

■ A preflrving CAUSE, as the nurfe of her 
child.. . 

* An uni'osrfal CAUSE, is that which bv 
^c extent of its power may produce all cf^. 
fects, as a father in refpect to his children^ 

^ becaufe they are like him in nature. 

Vniverfal CAUSE, the air that enters an 
' organ, is fo of the harmony of that organ. 
A particular CAUSE* is that which can 
only produce a fingle efiect j or a certain kind 
of effects. 
» Tbt particular CAUSE of the harmony of 
mn organ, is the difpofition of each pipe, and 
be who plays. 

Thefe are all diftinctions that fome Logi' 
tiant make of the efiicient caufe. 

itht final CAUSE (among togicians) it the 
end for which a thing is^, or tbe motive which 
induced a man to act. This again is diftin- 

* guifhed into principal ends and acceffary ends, 
which ai^e coniidered only as over and above. 

CAUSE (in ' Metapbfficks) is an active prin- 
' dple, influencing the tmng caufed. 

Inttrnal CAUSE, it that which partakes 

- of the eflence of the tiling caufed, viz. Mat* 
Ur tn4'.F0rm. 

' Exffrnal CAUSE, is that which has an 
CQtufaifd influence, vt%. Efficient and Final. 
Tie material CAUSE (among Logicians) 

' 18 that out of which things arc formed j as 
filler is the matter of a filver cup. 

The f^mal CAUSE (with Logicians) » 
that which makes a thing what it is, and 

' Aftioguifhes it from others ; as a ftool, a ta- 
ble, &c. 

•' Firft CAUSE, that which a£ls by itfelf, 
and from its own proper force and virtue ; as 

* Cod IS the Rrft caufe. 

Second CAUSES, are fuch as derive the 
' povtrer or faculry of acting from a fitfk caufe. 

CAUSCDES (xatrcr^c* Gr.) a continual 
burning fever. 

CAUS'TICK Stone (with Surgeons) a com- 
pofition of f<;veral ingredients, for burning or 

* eating holes in the part to which it is applied. 

CAUTION {caution, F, cautio, L.) i. 
PrudciTce, as it refpedts danger, fbrcfight, 
provident care, wariaefs : 2* fecurity for* 

_ C E 

• He that o^efts toy crime, oaght to giTe 
caution by the meaos of fureties, that he will 
perfcvere in the profecittioo of fuch crimes* 
Ayliffo't Parergou, 

3, Provifioo, or fecuritv againfl, dlref^ioo. 
In fpite of all the rules and cautions of go« 

vernment, the moft dangerous and mortal of 
▼ices will come off. VEfirange, 

4. Warning. 

CAUTIONARY, given at a pledge, or 
in fecurity. 

CAUTIOUS [cautus, Z.) wary, watchful. 

CAUTIOUSLY, in an attentive wary 

CAUTIOUSNESS, watchfulnefs, vip- 
lance, circumfpe^tion, provident care, pru* 
dencc with refpe£l to danger. 

We fhould silvyayt z€t with great cauticuf-^ 
ne/s and circumfpe&ion, in points where it is 
not impoffible that we may be deceived. 
AJdifont Speaator, No. ex. 

ToCEASE {cejer, F. ceffo, L.\ I. To leave 
off, to fh)p, to give over, to defiA: 2.' to 
fail, to be cxtin^. 

The foul being removed, the faculties and 
operations of life, fenfe and intellection, ctafa 
from that moles corforea, and are no longer ia 
it. Hale^'i Origin of Mankind, 
3. To be at an end : 4. to reft. 

To CEASE^ to put a ftop to, to put ao 
end to. 

The difcord is complete, nor can they ceafe. 
The dire debate, nor yet command the peace* 


CEASE, eitin^on, faUure. 

The ceaje of majefly 
Dies not alone, but, lilke a gulph, witMnwt 
What*s near it, with it. 

Stakefpear*s Hamiee, 

CEASELESS, inceflaot, perpetual, con* 
tinual, without caufe, without ftop, with* 
out eiid. 

All thefe with ceajelefs praife ills workt behold. 
Both day and oignt* Par. Left, b. iv. 1. 679. 

Like an oak 
That ftands fecure, tho^ all the windt employ 
Their ceajelefs roar, and only fbed its leaves. 
Or mafl, which the revolving fpring reftorei. 


CELTEBRATEDNESS > (celebritai, h. 

CEL'EBRATENESS t celehrit/, F.) 

CELE'BRIOUSNESS ) fsimwxinctB^rc' 

CELERfRIMI defienfis Unea (with JMff- 
tbematictans) is the curve of the fwifteft de- 
fcent of any natural body ; or that curved or 
crooked line, in which an heavy body, de- 
fcending by its own gravity or weight, would 
move from one given point to another, in 
the fhnrtefl fpace of time. 

CELES'TIALNESS (of cahftis, L.>hen- 

CE'LIAC PaJJion (of jw1xr4.Gr. the belly) 
a kind of flux ofthe bclly> wherein the food 



iao vot ladead pafi perfectly avde, bat half 

CEI/TBATENESS 7 (of «Wi^/fr»i £. 

CEL'IBATESHJP 5 ubbat, F.) bat- 

Ca/LVLJE aSpoJ^t (Anatmj) the hculi 
m Ettk oella wbercia the fat of bodies that 
mt in food habit k contained^ L. 

CUXTTOMVA (of xi\9 a rapture, and 
w^j Gr. a cottins) ^ opentioa of the 

CEK'SORS (in mi6ent Rome) magiftrates 
whofe office was to reform manners^ and to 
nloe cftatct and tax them accordingly ; to 
m£fett the management of private families 
n relation, to edocation and cxpences 5 they 
vert two in number chofen both at the fame 
tHBCy one of a noble or patnctan family, and 
dtt other of a conmion or plebean family j 
od cootiniied in their office five years. 

Hbs o^ce became in tine 1^ be in fo great 
scpotatiaa» that none were chofen into it« 
tSJ they had gone through the moft oonfide- 
aUe id the repnUkk. 

The ftate of Feaicf has a Hke officer at 
this day i cenfon is aUb a title given to thofe 
Mifons appointed by the ftate to liccnfe books. 

CENSC/RIOUSNBSS (of tenfirius, L.) 
9ftne& to cenfotc 

CE^'SUJIABLCNESS, liablenefs to ^ 

CBXPSUKAL BcoJu a regifter of taxations. 

CEHTAyllS (with Afiron,) a fouthern 
tSBfteUatiioa repreicnted on a g)obe in that 
|brm» and coafifting of 40 liars. 

CENTRE {unirum, L.) the middlej. tUt 
whkh b equally diftant from all eictren\itie«. ' 
The heavens thcmielves, the planets and this 

Obfiavedegiree, priorily, and place. 

Sbakif, TroiJus and Crejpda. 

To CENTRE^ to pbce on a ctntre, to fix 
aacn a cntfrr. 

One fiwt he untrtd^ and the other tarn*d 
Rfload thro* the vaft profundity o^fcure. 

Milt, Tar, Loft, b. vii, 1. 228. 
O iiBMdeBt, regardful of thy own^ 
Whole thcoghts are centred on thyfdf alone ? 


To CENTRE, i. To reft on, to rcpofe 
OB, as bodies when they gain an e^nilibriumj 
to neet in a point, as iines in a centre. 

Where there is no viable truth wherein to 
iimre, cxtor is as wide as men*s 6incies> and 
Buy wander to eternity. Decaj of Piety, 
2. To be placed in the midft or eoHtre* 
As God in heaves^ 

Is eemtrt^ yet extends to all, ^ thou, 

Gntfrfar, recciT^ft from all tbofe orln. 


CENTRICK» placed in the centre. 

CENTRE ef Attraaion (in the Ntv A" 
/nm m j ) that point to which the revolving 
piuct or eomet if attracted or hfipclled by 
tk font or imfctw of gtiYlty. 

C E 

CIE^TRE o/'P«rn^0« (with Pifr/A^^cn} 
is that point of a body in motion wherein all.: 
the forces of that body are confidered as united 
in One. . ^ 

CENTRE of a curve of the bigbeft hind. Is . 
the point where two diameters concur. 

CENTRE-FISH, a kind of fea-fifli^ 

CENTRIFU'CAL Force (with Matbema-, 
tieians) is the endeavour of any thing to fly 
off from the center in a tangent. For all. 
moving bodies endeavour after a rectilinear, 
motion, becaufe that is the eafieft, ihorteft,^ 
and ipoft Ample. And if ever they move us, 
any curve;, there moft be fomethmg that drawi 
them from their rectilinear motion, and de.* . 
tains them in the orbit, whenever the cen- ; 
tripctal fo^ce ceafes, the moving body wohM' 
ftrait go off in a Ungent to the curve, in that; 
very point, and fo would get.ftill farther frpva 
the center or focus of the motion, , 

CENTRIPETAL Fflrre(withP^r&/<r^iJrr;)' 
is that force by which any body moving round* 
another, is drawn dpwn or tends towards the 
center of its orbit \ and is much the fam% 
with gravity. 

CENTjlQBAR'lC Metbod{;mMechfimc}tt)^ 
a certain method of determining the quantity 
of -a furface or folid by means of th^ center 0^ 
gravity of it. . 

CENT'RUM Pbonictm i\n Acoufthh\ i 
the place where the %eaker ftanda in polylyU 
labical echoes. 

CEja'TRUM Pbonicamptictm, is thp pl^ce 
or obje£t that returns the voice in an echo. , 

CENTUMOEMflNQUS {centumgeminus, 
i^.J an hundred-fold. 

CENTUM'VIRAL, of or pertaining to 
the centum virajbe^ 

To CENT U PLICATE {oentuf^Ucatumi^ of 
centum znAflieo, L. to fold) to fold or doubl^ 
an hundred- fold. 

CENTU'RIiS famong ^t Reman people) 
certain parties confifting each of 100 men'* 
Thus divided by Seroius Tui/ius, the fixth king 
of ^oa^, who divided the people into fix clal- 
fes. ' irhe firft clafs l^ad 30 centuries, %nd 
they were tlie richeft of all ; the fecond, third 
and fourth confiited,each of »o centuries, and 
th: ^xth cfafs was counted but one centory^ 
and compreheoded all the meaner fort of. people* 

CENTURY {centuriu, L.) i. A hundred, 
ufually employed to (ff^fy time, as, th€ i^ 
C9,nd century, 

TKc nature of eternity is fach, that, though 
our joys, after (bme centuries of years, inay 
feem td have growi^older, by having been eh- 
^yed fo many^ ages,' yet will they really CQn* 
tinuenew. * , JBojlg, , 

2. ^Xt i$ fometinVttfed^mpIy ior a hundred. 

yTith. vil^ woo4 leaves and weeds I have. 

ihrewed his grave. 
And on it faid a century of prayers. 
Such as I can, twice o*er, 1*11 weep and figh. 
^hahfp. Cymb. 

K« . CEPHA* 


GSk^HALAt'GtCS (Mt^MXaJyaJ, Gr.) 
■ledidnes good for the head-^ch. 

GEPHAL AL'GY (etphaUIgid, L, of ju4«r 
XmXyUf ciM^aXw, the head, andaXy^^paiD, 
Or.) any (udo in the helid ; bat fome appro- 
priate it chiefly to a freih head-ach j one that 
proceeda-from ineemperance^ or an ill dlfpo- 
fition of' the parts 

GEPHALaCA (with AiUftcmifis) the ce- 
pliaHck vein, !• the oatermoft Tela that creeps 
along the ara^ beCweenttte ikin and mufcles; 
it is called the CtpBatick Pleiu fVom jm^Xi), 
Gf . a head $ becaafe the tfntientt ufed to open 
if rather than an^ other for' difeafes in the 
bead f bat lince die diCcovery of the circu- 
lation of the bloody it is accounted equsJ> 
whether the blood be talcea from the Ctpba' 
ika, Medlana or Bo/Si ca^ L. 

CBPHAI/ICKSy medicines good lor dtf- 
teiBBers in the head. 
' CEItATEIX {ca-Mtui, t.) covered with 

CERATOIt>ES tunica (with AnatoimJIi) 
iKe horny coat of the eye. 

CER^TAIN (ctrtus^ L.) L Sure ; rodbH- 
fable ; noqoeftionable ; undoubted ^ that which 
(annot bie qaeftioned, or denied. 

Thofe things are certain among meo, which 
cannot be denied j without ohftinacy and folly. 

a* Refolved ; determined; 

Hoyv^vtr I with thee luve f^xM my lot, 

C^tdn to undergo like doom of death, 

Conlbrt with thee. 

Mift* Far, Lo/f, b. 9. L 959. 

3. In an indefioitje fenii;; fomej u nattatn 
anan told' me this. * ' 

I got them in my coontiy's ferrice, when 
Some certain of your brethren rOared, and ran. 
fjoUL nolle of our own drums, 

SSakeJp, Coripi, 

4. XTrtdottbtingi put paft doubt. 
CERTAINLY, indoUtabW, withoat 

ftteftibn> without doubt : 2. without fail. 

CERTAINNESS^ j. ExemptioA irom 


Certainly^ is the perception of the agree- 
taent or dukgreement of oUr ideas. 

^ fhat which ik ftal and flted. 

For certaiittict^ 
tit tfxCpftfl' remedies, or tiMely knowing, . 
The temedy then bom. Sbakejp, Cymheline, 

ttk^VtWfSL {eertitudoy L.) is properly 

ft quality of the judgment or the mlndj im^ 

porting an adhefion of the mtod to the pro- 

pdfitionwfe affirm J or the 'ft'itngth wherewith 

• We adhere to it. 

CERI'ITUDE Mitaphj^at, is that which 
arifes from a metaphyseal evidence ; fuch a 
oneal a geometrician has of the truth of this 
peopofitioo, that the three angles of a trian^ 
are equal to two right onesi 

tEkTlTUDE Mffai, Ii fuch a certitttde 

at it Avnded ea moral eviddiee, fach aiflut • 
criminal has, who hears his ientencc read. 

CERTITUDE Phjjical, !• that whick 
arifes from phyfieal evidence, fuch aa a per<- 
fon that, has fiie in his hand, when he recl# 
it burn, or (ees it blase, 

CERVICAL, t^longlng to the aedc 
ER'VIX [jtnatomy) the hinder part ^^Ttte 

CBSSA'TION (of Ami) is when n fovepv 
nour of a place befieged, finding himielf iv<* 
duced to the laft extremity, fo mat he misft 
eitheiTttrrender, or himfelf, gahilbn, and ib- 
habitants would be facrificed, or at leaft He at 
the mercy of the enemy, eroAs a w|iitb flag «% 
the breach, or beats a Chamade for. a cati}tii<« 
lation, at which both parties cieafe firing, aaS 
all other a£ls of hoftUity ceafi^ till the piw-^ 
poials made ate heard, and dther igreod Co at 

CES'SION (in the Civil Law) a voluntary 
and legal furrender of efle€b to atditort^ tt^ 
avoid aii imprifonment. 

CES'SMENT, an afleff|ttcnt, a tax. 
CES'TirS (»lr€^, Gr.) a marriage-girfle, 
that of old times the bride ufed to wear, and 
the bridegroom unloosed on the wedding* 
night i alfo a leathern gauntlet gamifii'ed with 
le^d, ufed by combatans. Of in the eaterciftt 
of thtAtbleteei 

CH have a particnlar foppd in Engi^ 
word, as archy march, riib, rodcb^ teick, 
percby ditcb, Duteb, tbaitge, cbargt, iec. 

CH; in (bme word^ of a Oreek derivation, 
is founded as befbre, aa arcbbiAep, arcbiiec^ 
tvre, kc. In fl>me othei^ it tf wunded like 
JL, ts Arcbangd, ftc. 

CH, in words of a Bebreto ^ethratioa, it 
moft commonly founded as K, Cbam, Racbab^ 
Micbae/, Nebutadneauaar ; but in fome it ia 
founded »s in EM^liJh, taCbiuim, Ratbel, ^c. 
CHACE, thh gutter of a crofs-bow. 
Aiood CHACE (Sea term) a ihip is fidd 
to have a good cbace, when ihit ift built fo Ibr* 
ward on or a ftem, as td carry many guns, ta 
Ihoot right forward or backward. 

Foot in CHACE {Sea term) to lie with a 
ihip*s forefoot in the cbace, is'to fiiSl tli« 
neareft courfe to moat her, and to croft her ia 
her way. 

CHAORI'N (cbofrine, F.) ill humour, 
vexation, firetfulnefs ^ peeviAnefs. It is pio* 
nounced JbaMcn- 

Hear me and toiith Beb'nda with chagrin ; 
iThat fing^e a£t g»vO half the world the Ip^. 

I grieve with the old, for fo many additto- 4 
nal incoovenienecs and chagrined more than J 
Cheif fmall remain of life ieemed defined tO'j 
Undergo. " Fore's Letters, 

To CHAGRIN (cbap^tter, F.) to vex, t»| 
put out 6f temper, totcax^, to makennea^ 
CHAIN {cbaiiie. P.) I. A feries of Jiol 
faftencd o&e within ano^er : 2. a bjtBidf Jli 

. A^ansii 

Idll m oottHnbt year faficffog fex'remiiii^ 

Or tovnd infmiuli or io retl cbsiku 


. «• A Kok of liafesty witli wliidi land is 
- ^ - ■» 


A- f«r««jror nay af fbeit with hb rA<«> 
Bcafatc oat infinite ipt^e, at a phUofogbtr, 
bjr die ^oickeft flifjit of mind^ reach it» or 
if tUaUits, compreheaait. Locke, 

^ A feries finJcM together.' 

TSofie fo mifiake the cbriiHaii religion, ai 
m tUnk it is only a r^^'v of fktaj decrees, to 
deay all llbetty of man's choice toward gcod 
#cvi!. JUmmeniL 

As tlies^ is pleafore in thfr right ^nsrciile of 
mif hoalty, to dpecially ill tiiat of tight ita- 
looiDg $ which is fHU thf gn^nter, by how 
ftoch tfieconfequences arc more clear, and the 
dttaf of thenn mote long; 

*-ifmrmf^t TBmy of the Earth. 

To CHAIN. 7. To fkfltn or Jink with a 
tima f %,'tQ hriqg into Havery, 

This world, 'ti^ true. 
Was viale for Cr/2rry butforTj/Mtoo) 
And whkh more faieft f who diabtd his 

cbaotry, fty, 
Prhcp whoft virtues fighed to lofc aday? 

3. Topatoatc&n« j 4. to utiltts. 

CHAUHDICK 7 (ofvtf\a3o.braft,and 

CHXtCnyiCUH' J Jirun, >amce) a mag- 
aificeat hall hrfott^ng to a tribunal or court 
w juBce* 

CHALCITIS (xft^mau, Cr.) hrafi, or 
the ftDoe out of which braii is tried j alfo red 

CHALCOSMARAGDirs (;^ftUs(r/««- 
fi;^. Or) the baftard emerald. 

CHAT)RON. SeeCba/drb^ 

Priac^CHAL'LENGE 7 is what ir 

Pcrc^oi^ CH AL'LENGE 5 allbwod by 
Itv, withoat diare allcdged or further ex* 
•asiaatioQ, and the pri/bner may except a- 
pintit, and in cafes of h'gb txeafoii 35. 

On ALLS KG E ifon riafott, is whei) the 
^ler docs alJedge feme itafort fer his ex- 
c^boQ, and fuch as is.fufficient, if it be true. 

CHALCEDO'NIUS (tvith 7«ptf//^iJ a 
^tk€t hk fomt ' precious flone, when tney 
iind white foots ar ftakts in them, like thofe of 
the Cbalctdo^, 

CHALYB'EATE (of cbalyhs, L. fteel) of 
«r peftaimna to Aeel, or that is of the temper 
crmiality of fteel. 

CHAMiK'LEON(;C*/-**'^^«»» ofX«^«i, 
the groaod, and xi«y, Gr. a lion) a little 
kiit like a ficard, which for the moft part 
Km OB the air or flies, &<, See Cbamtieon, 

SotiUd CHAlifBER, (of a Mortar pitie) 
tin part where the powder lies, being glo- 
Bcd, with a neck for its communication with 

CilAM*BER (of a Mint) the place where 
^ ptwder is confined, and is generally of a 

comical form. 

Powder CHAMBER (on a Fatimy) a plae» 
funk into the ground, fi>r holding tlie powder 
or bombs, &c, whero they may be oot of 
danger, and preferved from- rain. 

CHANCE, hazard or fbrtune s a term wt 
apply to erents, to denote that tney happea 
wxtfaout aay neceifary caufi^. Fk 

CHANCE (ilfipM^^]^i(*)manythingshap4 
pen by chance in the wdild, widi refpiid tm 
fecood caufesi but nothing at all happcaa by 
chance in refpe^ to the firft caufe (God) wb* 
difpofes abd pre-onlains all things fiom all eter« 
nity. Fpr fbifnce and fortune are only to bt 
faid i^roperly, in rcfpefV to him that is igno« 
t^t of the intentfon of the dSreOor. Ant 
Ibafmurli as the divine intbntitfn is hid hotk 
man till the thing is done { therefcm thkfam^ 
with refpeft to mani Is faid to happen by ctanct^ 
but not h) refpc^ to the firft cauld. 

CHANCE, is alib ufi^d ht the thinner of 
deciding things, the ctfitduct or direction, whei^ 
oir is left at large, and not fedocible to any do. 
termitaata rules ormeafures', or where there h 
no ground or pret en ce, as at cards, dice> Qfr* 

CHANCEtl^OR (caneOrariiit, L, thmt^ 
eelier, F.) is the chief Judge in caufesof pro* 
perty ; f6r he haththe powfrr to moderate anl 
temper the Written hiw, atadiMjeeceth himfetf 
only to the law of nature and confcience. 


JHfiiiiei was a perfon tf the ftrleteft ju& 
tice, and beft acquainted with the laws, as 
well as fbrms of thdr govemokents ib thtt 
he was io a manner Chan€eUor of Athem, 


To CHANOB (rft«v«r, P.tambh, l^.) 
u To pot one thing in uie place of anoithers 
2* to relign any thing for the fake of another^ 
with Jbr Ixfore the thbg taken or received. • 
Perlbns grown up in the belief of any religion, 
cannot ebangt ttkntfot another, withoat ap- 
plying their onderftandmgdoly toconfidcr end 
compare both. Sotttb. 
The Frencb and we ftill cbange, but thero^s 

the curfe. 
They ebangt (or better, and wt ebangt ftr 

Dryden^t Span, Ftiar^ Probptts 
3. To difcount a large piece of money mto 
fereral fmaller. 

4. To give and take r e ci pro ca lly* 
To fecure thy content look upon tho|e thoa« 
ianis, widi whom thou wooldft not, for any 
intereft, cbange thy fbrtnne and condltien. 
Taylor^ t Rule of ifoing boly» 
5. To alter: 6. to mend the difpofioonor 

To CHANGE* To undergo ebangt -^ to 
to fufTer alteration | as, his fortune may iboa 
change, though he is now fo liscure. 

CHANGE, an alteration of the ftate of 
any thing. 

fickleoeft^ - Go* 

Digitized by ^ 



CHANCELLORS, there are aJfi) a cb«i- 
celI^r of the order of the Gfrttr, % chancel- 
lor of an univerfity, a chancellor of the firft 
fruits of a dioceie, ^r. 

A CHANCELLOR (of an Unwerfiy) 
leals the diploma** or letter* of decrees^ piO' 
vifioB» &c, given in the univerfity. 

Chancellor (of oxford) is their ma- 

f iftrate, whom the ftudents themfelvift elea, 
hia oAce it to govern the univerfity durante 
vitg, topreferre and defend the rights and privi- 
leges of it, to call together aiTemhiiet, and 
todojuftice among rhe. members under his 

Ftet CHANCELLOR (of Oxford) is no- 
minated annually by the cbancciku> and e- 
leSed by the univerfity in convocation^ to 
Xupply the abfence of the chancellor. 

Pro.^w-CHANCELLORS, four perfons 
chofen out .of the heada of colleges, by the 
vice»chanceUor, to one of which he deputes 
his power in his ablence* 

CHANCELLOR (of Cambridge) much 
.the fame with.the chancellor of Oxford, fav- 
ing that hie does not hold his office durante 
.vita, but may he eleded every three years. 

.^/M CHANCELLOR (of Camhridge) is 
annually choien by the fenate out of two 
perfons nominated by the heads of colleges 
and haUst 

CHANCELLOR (of the oider of theC«r/<r) 
an officer who feals the commiffions of the 
chapter and aflembly of the knights, keeps the 
regifter, and delivers the a£ts under the feal 
of the order. 

CHANCELLORSHIP {oUattceltariut, L. 
canetiier* F«) the office or dignity of a chan- 

CHANCERY-C^rf, was firft ordained by 
William the Con^eror, who alfo appointed or 
inftituted the courts of juHice, which always 
removed with his court. 

CHAP'TER, a curomunity of clergymen 
or ecclefiafticks, who ferve a cathedral or col- 
legiate church. « 

CHAPTER (in Military Affain) an af- 
^mbly or meeting of officers for the regula- 
tion of their affairs. 

CHAR (in the Britijb tongoe) is ufed fi^r 
Caar, which fignifies a city, and being ad- 
joined to the names of places, fignifies the 
ciiy of that place. 

To CHAR, to make charcoal of wood 
of oak, alder, lime- tree, 6sfr. by cutting it 
into convenient lengths, and piling it up in 
the form of a pyramid in a deep pit, made 
in the ground for that purpose, having a lit- 
tle hole to put in the fire. 

CHAR'ACTER (of ya^xUif Gr.) a 
certain manner of air or anembiag^ of qua- 
lities, which refult from feveral particular 
marks/ which dittinguifii a thing from any 
other, fo as it may be tbrreby known ; as 
we fay the character of Alexander, Cieero, 


C H 

CHARACTER (ynth Poets) h therefolt 
of the manners, or that which is proper to 
each pdtibn, by which he is fingular in his 
manners, and diftinguiihable from others. 

CHARACTER, is alfo ufed for certaia 
vifible qualities which claim reverence or re* 
fpect from thofe that are vefted with them ^ 
as the character of a biAop, an ambaflador, 

jt7eminal CHARACTERS: are thofe pro- 
perly called letters, which terve to expreih 
the names of things. 

Real CHARACTERS, as fuch as atprefi 
things and ideas inftead of names. 

Emblematical CHARACTERS, are fuch 
as not only exprefs the things themfelves j 
but in (bme meafure perfonate them and ex- 
hibit their form ; fuch as the Egyptian hiero* 

CHARACTERIS'TICK triaagle of a 
curve (in the higher Geometry) is a rectilinear 
right angled triangle, whofe hypothenufe is a 
part or the curve, not ienfibly werent from 
a light line. 

ra^eriJHeuSy Z#. cbaraffertfiipie, F. of y«- 
poiO^o, Gr.) having characterifticks, or be- 
ing cnaracteriftical. 

CHARGE {charge, F.) a burden or load^ 
alfo management or care ; alfo office, employ 
or truft ; alfo an accufation, impeachmant i 
alfo an engagement, fight or oofet. 
' CHARGS (with Paiutert) an exaggerated 
reprefentation of a perlon in which the likc- 
nefs is preferved, but at the fame time ridi- 
culed, called alfo over-charge. 

CHAROE'ABLENESS {o{caritas,orcber, 
dear, or charger, F. ) coftlinefs, dearnefs. 

CHAR'GB D {Heraldry)^ff]iBe» the figures 
reprefented on an efcotcheon, by which the 
bearers are diitinguiihed one from another^ 
Too many charges in an efcutcheon are not 
accounted fo honourable as fewer. 

CHATIINESS (of cher, F. cams, Z.J 
choicenefs, fparingnefs, tendernefs. 

CHAHIOCK, a kind of herb. 

CHARITABLE {charitakle, F. fi-om cha^ 
rite,) J. Kind in giving alms, liberal to th^ 

He that hinders a charitable perfon from, 
giving alms to a poor man, is tied to refti« 
tution, if he hindered him by fraud or vio« 
lence. Tayhr*i Holy Living, 

How fbal] we then wi9i, that it might he 
allowed us to live over our lives again, in 
Older to fill every minute of them with cba* 
ritabU offices. Attcrbury, 

Health to himfelf, and to his infants breads 
The lab*rer bears: Vlfhat his hard heart denies^ 
His caritable vanky fupplies, Pcpe, 

2. Kind in judging of others, difpofed to ten- 
dernefs, benevolent. 

CHARITABLY. . i. Kindly, Eber^Uy, 
with inclination to help the poor : 2* bene- 
volentiy, without malignity. 


C H 

Rbdung wiQ more enable os to bear our 
cpb6 patiefUljTy isjunes cbaritablj^ and the 
labour of reli^on comfottably. 

Taylor\ Guide to Devotion, 
Til beft fometiinefl your cenfute to reihraia^ 
Aad tharitablj let the dull be Tain. 

Pepe\ EJfay en Crititifm, 

CHAHmr (cbarite, F. cbaritas, L,) x . 
TeoSoaeis^ kindnefs, love. 

By thee, 
Fouded m Tea.t6n, loyal, Juft and pure, 
RcUtiQos dear, aiad all die charities 
(Hhxha, Too, and brother, firft were known. 
Milt, Par, Loft, b. iv. 1. 756. 
s. GoodwiUt beaevoleoce, difpofition to think 
vcD of others. 

My errors, I hope^ are only thofe of cba. 
rhj to mankind, and fuch as my own cboritj 
kai caofed me to commit, that of others may 
BOie Cifily excuie. Dryd. ReJ, Laiei, Pre/, 
4. The theological virtue of univerfal love. 

QoMerniJig charity, the final object where-* 
of n that incomprehenfible beauty which 
Aoetb in the face of Chrift, the Son of the 
BiiBgGod. Htoker, b. i. p. 38. 

Only add, 
TktM to thy knowledge anfwenblej add 

Add virtoe, patience, temperance, add love, 
1^ name to come, call*d charity, the foul 
Of aU the left. 

Mih. Pear, toft^h, xii. 1. ^%^» 

Ftith believes the rerelatiooa of God ; 
kpe cxpeds his promifea \ charity loves his 
fgrUcncks and mercies. Taylor, 

Charity, or a love of God, which works 
by s love of our neigihboiir, is greater than 
fiith or hope. Atttrbury* 
A- liboafity to the poor: 5. alms, relief 
pten to the poor. 

" CHARITY, is the love of our brethren, 
sr a kiad of brotherly alFcdion one towards 
anodKr. The role and ftandard that this 
h^ is to be examined and regulated by a- 
Boog CbriAians, is the love we bare to our- 
idfee, or that Chrift bore to os *, that is, it 
mft be unfeigned, conftant, and out of no 
other defign but their happinefi. 

CHAR'LOCK, a kind of herb. 

CHARMS (charmes, F.) certain verfes or 
cspreffions, which by ibme are fuppofed to 
hsve a bewitching power j alfo certain psrti- 
cdar graces in writing, as the charms of Elo' 
fme, of Poetry, "Sec, 

CHARMING (of £fr«nBtf AT, F.) engaging, 
aSnring, dcligbthig. 

CHARMIlfONESS, charming, delight* 
lag quality. 

CHARTS Hfdrt^a^ick^ are iheets of 

CHARTS Mariae V large paper, 

«M CHARTS 3 on which fe. 

rA parts of the land and fea are deferibed, 
wth their refpective coafts, harbours, founds, 
4tfi» ihthh, faods, rocks, 9c. together with 
Ibe iM^tade aal latitude of ench phce, aqd 


the points of the coropafs. 

CHARTS, are maps of fome part or parta 
of the fea and the coafts belonging thereto, 
in whkh are fet down iflands, ihoals, moun- 
tains, rocks, quick-fands, &c, of thefe there 
are feveral forts, as befides Mercator*% charts j 

There are the Globular Charts, wherein 
the meridbns incline and the parallels are 
both equidiftant and curvilinear, and the rumbs 

The Plain Chart, is one wherein the me- 
ridians and parellels are reprefented by right 
lines, parauel and perpendicular to each o- 

The Reduced Chart, in which the meridian^ 
are reprefented by right fines converging to- 
wards the poles, and the parallels by right 
lines parallel to one another, bot at unequal 
diftances^ this laft comes nearer the truth, 
than the plain Chart, See Mercator*$ 

CHAK'TlLh (cartel, F.) a letter of de- 
fiance or challenge to a duel, ufe^ in ancient 
times, when combats were allowed for the de- 
termination of difficult controverfiea in law. 

CHARTERS, were firil confirmed by the 
broad feal in the time of king Edward rho . 
confeflbr, who was the firft king of England 
that nude ufe of that large and ftately im- 
preffion. • 

CHARY'BDIS, a rock in the ftraights of 

To CHASE -(chaffer, F.) i. To hunt : 
2. to purfue as an enemy : 3. to follow as a 
thing defirable : 4. to drive. 
When the following morn had chasM away 
The flying ftars, and light reftor*d the day. 


CHASE« X. Hunting, purfuit of any thing 
as game* 

There is no chafe more pleafant, methinkf, 
than to drive a thought, by good conduct, 
from one end of the world to another, and 
never to lofe fight of it till it fall into eter- 
nity. Burnet* % Theory of the Earth, 
2. Fitnefs to be hunted, appropriation to chafe 
or fport : 3. purfuit of an enemy, or of fome- 
thing noxious. 
They feek that joy, which ufed to glow. 

Expanded on the hero*s face ; 
When the thick fquadrons preft the foe,. 

And fFUliam led the glorious chafe. 


4. Parfoit of fomething as defirable. 

Yet this mad ehaft of fame, by few purfu*d. 
Has drawn deftruction on the multitude. 

Dryden** Juvenatm 

5. Hunting match : 6. the game hunted. 
Honour's the nobleft cbaje, purfue that game. 
And recompeofe the lofs of love with fame. 

7. Open groutti, ftored with fuch beafts u 
are hunted. 
CHASER, huttter, purfer^ dfive^* 

^ 6tictch*d 

Digitized by VjOv 

^ ^ 


Stretched OB the liwii>.h»3.feQOiid]iopeittrv05r, 
Jit once tho* ^^""f and at once the piey, 
I«o Rufut ruggiiii; at the deadly dart* 
Bleeds in the foieft like a wounded hart. 

CHASTE (effoJU, F. <^x, L,) i. Pure 
ifrom all commer^ o£ taea, aa a r^tf^« vir- 
^: 2* with .refpc€t to language, pure* ,in- 
'conttjpty not mixed with barbarous phraXes : 
3. without obfcenity. 

Among word^ thatfignify the fame prio- 
^dpal ideas^ fome ace clean and deeent, others 
unclean, fome ebafte, others ebfcenf. Wafti^i 

4* Tme to the marriage- M. 

Lore your children^ l^e flifcraar^ cbrft, 
Juepen at heme. TiVkj^ ii. 5. 

To CHASTEN {cbttfiicr, F. tafiig9, t.) 
to correA, to puniihy to mortify^ 
I follow thee> Tafe guide ! the pith 
Thoa Iead*ft me } and to the hand of hftav^n 

However chaft^ning. 

Mdilt, Tar, t^p b. kL 1, 373. 
Some ftiX the rod, 
JUd own, like ns, the,iather*s r^i^Vivg^.hand. 
Rovo'n K^yalCofgpirt. 
\Prom oor loft porfqit ihiB wills to. hide 
Her clofe decrees, and cb^fitn human pride. 

To CHASTISE (ar/4f, X.) «. To.pu- 
ToShf to corre^ by puniiment, to afflict lor 


Xake yon, commiilten^d to chqpai^gM blefs. 
He muft avenge the world, and give it peace. 
f Srkt. 

a. To fednce to o^der, or obedience. 
The gay focial fenfe 
By ^eceney cbafiis]d, ^"homfon, 

CHASTISEMENT (chaJHfment, F.) cor- 
rectbn, oonifliment* Thele wor^ are all 
commonly, though not always, ufed of do- 
neftick or paxental punifluaent. 

He receives a iit of ^ckneCs as the kind 
chafiijement and difcipline of his heavenly fa* 
ther, to wean his affiectioos from the world. 


CHASTISER, the perfon that chaiUies, 
a punilher, a contector. 

CHASTITY ia^itai, t.) i. Purity of 
the body. . 

Cbafiity is either ab(finence or eontinence $ 
abftinence is that of virgios or widows, con* 
tinencc of married . perfons ; ehafte marriages 
are. honourable and pleafing to God*. 

Taylor's Ruk of linfittg holy. 
%• Freedom fromoofcenity: 3. freedom from 
bad mixture of any kind. 

CHASTLY*, without incontinence, purely, 
without contamination. 

CKASTNESS, chaflity. purity. - 

CHASE {Sea term) the Aip chafed. . 

To CHASE (with GOdfmitbt, Zee.) is to 
Vjork plate after. a particular miimer^ oalied 

C H 

CHA'ISER (5m ^rm) jha^hip m fufait 
of Xhtcbafe, 

Stem CHASE {Sta ttrm) is when the tktfid 
is right -a head with the cbfifer, 

T# lie nmth the fijif* fore foot in i^CHASE 
{^ta term) is to iail theneareft way tp meet 
her, and w tocroia het in her way. 

jiJbipflfagoodfortvardCHASZ [Statfrm) 
a fhip that is built fbrward on a ftera, that 
ihe may cafry many guns, to ihoot right fdr- 
wards or backw^s <=*^ -^^^ ^ ^ ^-^ 
good fttmcbfife* 

CHASE GuHS (of njbtff) are foch wbofe 
ports are cither in the head (and then they are 
uied in chafing of others] or in the item, 
and are ufed only when they me chafed ^ 
purfned by ctben. 

CHASE'ABtE, that may be chafed « 

Mi/» J^atrs) machines of 
iron, having ^r points of 
about three or four inches 
long, fomade ^t which 
ever way they.fall, there is 
ftill a 'pflint up, and they 
are to be thrown upon 
breaehea, or m paffes where 
the horfe are to march* to annoy iftam.hf 
ronniiM into their feet and cbiimming than. 

CHEAP (of ceapan. Sate, to buy or fell) 
denotes the place^^s name, to which it is added, 
to be or have been a market town or (dace» 
as Cbeapfde, Eaficbea^, ff^^heaf, Uc. 

CHEAP (of ceapan^ S^.) fold for a fiuiD 

CHEARTULNESS 7 of cAfrr, F. of 

CHEARflNESS 5 x«^|«,Gr.)ligbt- 

CHECKHT (in ffersfdry) is oooof the OH^ 
noble and moft ancient -figures 
that are ufed in armory ; and a 
certain author fays, ought to be 
given to none but valiant war- 
rion, intgkenofiheirfiobility. 
For the chefe-board reBrefcots 
a field of battle, and tne pawns and n)en on 
both fides rcprefent the foldiefa of two armics> 
which move, attack, advance or.ratixe, ac- 
cording to the two gamefters that are their 
generals. See the figu re^ annexed. This figure 
is always, compofodjof metal and colour, and 
fome authors wooJd have it reckoned amoag 
the feveral forts of furs. 

CHEAriNGNESS (of cetca, Sdi.) de- 
fraud or defrauding quality. 

CHtCK {ichft, F»)lofe» fatal blow» mif- 

CHELQNITES (of JNht^n, Gr. a fe<ral- 
low) a ftooe found in the bellies ef young 
fwaJIows, good againft the falling fickneifs. 

CHE'MIA law^Tfi x^v, Gr.) t}>e (ameai 

CH£'MICE> the art of .caftlng figures hi 


Digitized by 


CHEMIN; da ri»des (in FortiJS^at,) the 
iHf of 6ie rounds* a Ipace Wtweeii the raub< 
ftft sod the lower pahifer, for tho voufvic to 
f» cboot. See FM kray^ 

CHE'MISE a flurt or fliift^ a Ibiog or 
cafial ^nth ftobe j F. 

CHEMISE (with jeli/hM) t^K ibli«t^or 4 
«di finm the 9£&i or (lope, to the fioneT 
low, F. 

CHl'MOSfS^ a (wrifin; of the white coa| 
cf ^e.etcy called «A«Ww«fiavctfy that makes 
ifce black of it appear nollow^ and k a viokot 
ia fa a m it ao pwiA eiftreme pass, tbee]re«lid| 
Idog tomed infideout. 

CHER'ISHER (of Atrir^ F.) one who 

GHE&SONE'SE (in Gn^fhf) a pen- 

icfalx, a tjnSi of kndaUnoft cncompafied with 


GHE'RVIL, an he*. 

To CHEU'WIT, to ciy like a parVrid^. 

CHESS^ a game performed ^th Httie roaod 

piecet of wood^ on a board divided into 64 

%scsy where ar^and fagadtf are fe tndif- 

peafiUjr re^uifite, that chance feens to have 

■» pba ; and a perion never leies bnt bjr Lis 

own fault* Each fide has 8 men and as oaany 

pawns, which aie to be moved and fiiifted ac- 

csfiBng to certaio Jaws and roles of that game. 

tm^KL I (Mil. Af A 9k 

CHEVA0X DE PRIZE 5 fort of lurn- 

pSEfs ben^ fpan of woed^ about 10 or iz 

fett long, and a foot diameter, cot into> ^ 

C H 

li%h«r or lower at pleafure, which ferres^ 
with aiund-^uke, which ukes its poife o?^r 
this bolt, to niic the gun or mortar. 
CHICA'NE ? (of cicnm, ihelkin of a 
CHICAiV£RY5 pomegraoAte, according 
to MtMgt'y whenofithe S/t^ni^r^s d^rivt tkfot 
ibico, liule, fle^er* chicane j being converf- 
iaot about trifling things) fn Law it is an abitfe 
of judiciary pinoeeding»» either with defign .to 
jdeky the caofc, m to impofe 00 the judge or 
the contrary party, a wrftngUog, crafty man- 
ner oi fleading a cauie with tricks, quirks 
and fetdiet, theperpkxiag or fpiitting a caufe^ 
CHICA'KE 9 (in the SchoU) if uftd 
CHJCA/NARY % touDportvainr<»p^f|i^ ^ 
fubtJetiesanddiftin^Vions, withdeiign to obfcure 
tmth and protxa^ difputes* 

CHIEF {(hef, F.) firft, principal, foveraign. 
QHIEF (in J^//. 4|^r«)a <ommax)der,p 
chief, a general. 

CHl^DlNG(ofd*b3Ui.£^.)i«>»k«t &^- 

CHIEFLY (of cbi^, F. ; principally. 

CHILD'INGNESS (cii^ Saxi a child) the 
frequent bearing chiidrea. 

CHJJLDaSHNeSS (cthMroep, Bex,) 
fimpiidty j oneapedencedne^ 

CHILIASTS (of x^htm<:» Gt, » thoufand) 
a (t&. of Chriftisns, called alfo Millenaries, 
Aippofed to have taken their rife m the ^cond 
century, being introdvcM hy.Faf/gSi bUb^pof 
JHtrofi^s^ difdple toSp.j9ittt^9 E^Mmgeti^ 
which opinion jsoms Co have proceeded Irom 

inch diameter, 6 feet long and 6j 
JBches diftant oae from another; fd that iti 
points oat every way, and ufed m ftoppbg^ 
finafi overtures or open places, or placen in' 
, alib a defence againft hotw. 

hea and hvtd through | each hole is armed; i^" making ufe of fome paflag^ of the Bi- 
wAk a ihort pike, (hod with iron at each end, vtl^tims. 

The ancknt ^dhewnts are charged wit|» 
belieiiing th«t the fainu ihali. live iooo years 
uf an earth after the general or Uft jvdgment, 
and enj^ all manner of innocent fatisAcHon. 
The modBrn ^MiUenarifli refine upon their 
predeceiTors, and fay, that the fatiafadlion 
they ibali etJQy itf that fl^t^, (hall be rational 
andaqgciicaIj..]Mt tainted with, any Epicurian 
icnfuality. j 

- As to the time of this thonfand ^^atf re^n, 
dto* the.notion-i«en» to be favoured by fever^l 
texts of fcripture, yet the abettors of it dif^- 
gree. Dr..^iP'Aitf is ot opinion^ that the 
world /hall be fixH deftroyed, and that a nel^ 
potadsfiacai earth -ibail be formed out of the 
a/hes of the old one, where the iaints ihall 
coavtHe together for 1000 years, and then be 
ti^uUiattd to 'a higher ftation. On the con- 
tmry, othen foppofe that it will both begbi 
and end before die general conflagration. 

CHIMi£'RA (x^Ma»£«» G^-) » (nonAer 
feigned to have the head of a iJon, the beily 
of a goat, and the tail of a ferpent; alio a 
•mere whknfy, a caftle in the air^ an idle 

CHIMER'ICALNESS (of ebimeriqtt^ F. 
of cbim€ta, L. pcffuufm^ Gr.) ifftsgiAatiaeir, 
whimficaliiefi^ . 

CHIME (prob. of g/tmme, F,) a tone H^ 

(in M//. Af.) an en- 
gine for rai/ing guns 
orntortars intji)^ -their 
carris|es3 itii made 
of % pieces of wood a- 
boux 4 feetlong,ftand- 
ing upright upon a 
thtfd which is i%uste ; 
tbey^re about a foot 
afonder and parallel, 
behig pieiced with 
holes exadiy oppofjte - 

to one another, with j -. t ". . t : . y ^ • j* » 

a bolt of Iron being ^^ »^»»r wuta^lock^ a kind ofpenodir.l 
Wit Aro' thefe holes J O ninti7ndhv^ »«»*» 

•> . 

put Hkro* thefe holes, * 

Digitized by ''• 

C H 

^tMfick, pK)l«cc4 at certain fctfeM of the I 
^y» hy « p«ticiiUr tffaratau added to* a I 

CHIME. 1. The confonant «r harmofdck 
foMd of many correfpondent inftnimcott. 

4>f inftniments, that made xnelodioot chim, 
Was heard, of harp and orpn. 

Mik.Par. Z^. b* aci. 
Lore virtue, flie alooe iairee } 
She can teach you how to climb 
^' . Hi^er than the fpheiy ibim* 

A* ThecorrerpondeneeofioDna. 
loire iirft invented verre, and formed the 

*rhe motion meafored, hamoused the chimt, 
Dryien^i Fak, 
4. The eorrafpoodence of proportion, or 

To CHIMB. I. ToToand in harmony or 
cenfooance: a. to agree j to fall in with t 3. 
to fait with. 

A CHIP, t bit chipt off f|om wood. 
CHIP (^m cyppan. Sax. to boy and fell) 
Ihews that the place, to ^ch it it added, 
cither is of wat a mari(et town, at Cbipnam, 
CUfpttb^mf ftc. 

• CHIP'PING (of cyppan or ceapan, Sajt, 
to buy or ftU^ fignifieithe place, to the name 
of which it IS added, to be or have been a 
market-town or place, as Chiffin Norton, 
Cbifptng-JVic9mby &c. 

CHIROGRAPH {XufhfiL^y ^ X''^ 
a hand, and yf«t«, to write; Gr>) a hand- 
writing, a kond or biUof one*s own hand. 

CHIRON'OMY (airdtmia, L, of x«- 
fnSfAUL, of ;^i^, the hand, and MJfoiO', law, 
Gr. ) a gefture with the hand, either in orators, 
or dancers, &c. 

CHTROTONI'A (^ifMe, Gr.) die im- 
pefitjoo of hands in confiining any prieftly 

CHIRRICHO^E> a word ufid by the 
Spaniards in derifion of the F^rmcb, who prd» 
-nounce cbirri for kyry, 

OIIRyR'OERV (M,.f*(yU, of X^r, . 
fiand, and ip^y, work, Gr.) is the third 
branch of the curative part of medicine, nod 
teaches how fundry diieafes of the body of 
ma n m ay be cored t>y manual operation. It it 
by fomc divided Into s p«rts: i. ^pariig^, a 
fetting toi:ether of things that are ifepafiitcd : 
^ «. Di^tri/U^ a fcparating of things that were 
eontinoed befb^e: 3. Diortb9fiSf a correOiog 
of things fqeeceed togetheifi 4. Exatr^^ a 
taking away of what it fuperlluous : 5. Atm- 
fferofii, a AJling up that which was deficient ; 
it It vulgarly pronounced and written Sitvaj, 
CHLEUAS^MUS (of x^iui^tf, Gr. to 
je^) a laughing to fcorn, a mocking, a jeer. 
iHg er fcoffingi a rhetorical fignre ufed to 
'th4t purpofe* 

To CHOCK 7 to gWe a pcripa • I%ht 

To CHUCK y touch with the ho^rs ; 

under the chin« as a tffkeo of kiadaefs ; alio 

to play at pitching naoney, &e, into % hcl^ 

CliOICE (tboix, jP.) I. Tbeaew' cho^^ 
ing, determination betiveen difiertnt thiipi 
propofipd, elefti^n. 
If you oblige me fnddenly to chuie. 
The cbfietU Qtade/ for 1 moft both refufe, 
Pfjd. Iwd, Em^ 
ft* The power of choofingj election. 

Tp talk of <»nspeUin§ a man to be good, 
it a contradiction \ for where the^ vi forcfc 
there can be no cboict ^ where^a all moiai 
gpodneft cooiiAeth in the eledire a& of tly 
unddrftandiog will. * 

Crr«wV C^tml. b. 3. c. a. %' aj. 

3. Care in choofing $ curiofity of diftin£tiog« 

4. The thing chofeo $ the thmg taken or ap» 
proved, in perfereoce toothers. 

Take to thee, from among the Chentbim, 
Thccbcictof flaming warriors. 

Mb, Par, L<fi. b.n. 

5. To^make r^V. ^ - ^- tp. chpofe, (o take 
froip feveralthiny propofcd. 

WiidoiD, pf what herielf approfct, makfs 

Nor it led captive by tbe com^BOn voice. 

CHOICE {eboij, F.) x. Selea^ of extra- 
ordiaaiy value. ^ , . 

Thus in a fea of folly toisM, 
h^y r^V^ hours of tifeace loft. 

a. Chary, frugal, careful ; ufed of periboa. 

CH01C£L£S^. Without the power of 
choiing i wit^iout right of cboict ^ not free. 

CHOICELY. CuriouOy, with cxa^ 
€bMC*, valuably, exc^lfotly* 
, CHplC^NESS. Nicety i pa^ul^ valve. 

to CHOKE (aceocan. Sax, from ceoc^, 
thc'chcek or mouth.) x. Tofufibcatej to 
kill by (lopping the paiTage of refpiratioo : to 
up $ Co obffruct i to block op a<paflag^ 
leprayexa and tears has deftin'd prd^ptfs 
And crowds of mourners cbeke their (bv*reigo's 

, wav. 7tckeJ/, 

3.' To hbder by obibudion : 4. to fupprefs, 
5* CO overpower. 

A CHOKER : one that r^j(«i or fu^ocatcs 
andther4 -a. one that puta anothar to filence i 
3. any thing that cannot be anfwered. 

CHOKY. That v^ch has the power ef 

'CHQLER lcb^ra,h.) i. The bile: i. 
thehuinour, whkh, by its fuperabond^ace, is 
fuppofed to produce irafubiUty: 3 anger, ragc» 

CHOLERICK (cboltrifui, L,) i. Abmiad* 
ing with (bpifr ; 2. angry, irafuble ; of per* 
ions : 3. angry, offenfitfe^ of words or actroos, 

CHoLERlC^NILSSp anger, irafubiiity^ 

CHON'DROS (with A^atomip) a car* 
tilsge or griftle^; the moft earthy andfoJid 
part of the body, npxt t« a bone. 

CHONDllOSYNiDESMOS (y^t^f^ha^ 
|bb#*4 Gr.^ a cariil^inoas Ijgamcat, or th? 



]«HD{ «r bond together b|r bob* ^'a ^^ * 
akge or grift]^. 
A CHOPy A cat ; tlTtt a cuttint of a Toiii 

line itt Geometry, which joifls 

the a ends of any arch of a 

drcli^ other uriie called a fob- 

^jv f toile, •rit is one right line 

** ^ ' that CUTS a circle ipto a ptrts, 

a9 us the figute. 
CfTORDA (x^>H, Gr. 1 a boweJ, a gut j 
•Kb tbe fttiog of a ma^cal inftruifaent made 
rfapit- "i.A 

CHORDAP'SUS Cxo5>«4^o Cr.) grfrfug 
arwiin^g pains oF cKe fmali guts $ (o that 
tky bdcg twiflfed, or their pcriftaltick Or 
tfma-fike motion being innerted', the ordure 
if tbrown av at the oKMith only. This dif- 
ftrap^ is ma called by the hhines of Reus, 
huta ?»S»y yiJffn/ui and Mijerere mei, 

a mafadt, when^ together wiui ^he effufibn 
oiF cbt Semea^ the Urtthr* or'^ttijuftikry pif- 
6|e ii beat like a bow «itH pain, £;'^., 

CH0REP1d'C6Pf (of X*«^i tJ>e co*»^- 
fry* tad Ivwanr^y a faiSop) rural bifliopk 
aMieatly appointed by the prime ^ocefan. 

CfiOROGRAPHlCALLY (of xk/^ > 
coaatxy, and y^i^y to.defiHbe] according to 
the art of cborography. 

CHOROIDES Plexut {afj^i^bt ind t\i^, 
fns, Gr.) the ^]ding*of the carotid artery 
ii the brain, in which is the glanduta ^nealh \ 
sHb the atrM tamcM, which makes the apjyje 
tf the eye. 

c6oR0M/ETRr (yfeo/toretdf &e x'^, 

acouotrr, and fMr^»> Gr. to meafure) the 
art cf finveying* 

CROSrrv aaiem {taw Term) a thing that 
has aoc a body^ being only a right ; as an 
atnaky, a covenant, a bond, &e. Cbofe in 
§Bim nay dfo be called Cbofe in fuf^ntHy as 
hating no real exzAeoeei ahd not being pro« 
fcrly in peffeffion. 

CHOSE l%cal {Law Term) a tiding fixed to 
a place, aa a mBl, fSc. 

CHOSE imfiiffence {Law Term) Is fo called 
tf harisg no real exiftence, ai>d not being pro- 
pcrijr to poflclCon. See Cbofe tranfiterp 

CHRISM A'f CRY , a Teflel in which the 
chrifm is kept. 

CHRIsn'COLIST (f^^wfa^r.) a wor- 
Aipper of C6n;^, a Chriilian. 

OiRISTl4ASS, in the pHmitiTe eaftem 

dbnch Cbrijhtaa and the Epifbaty wete ac* 

(Anted bnc one and the fame feaft, and even 

\ fii this time the church unirei'fally obferves a 

Ciidnual frftival within thefe limits. 

CHRO^ATISM (with Pbyjuiam) the 
Xanl tinAnre or colour of the blood, fpit* 
*)r, arine» Gf c. 

l^of ^/M, cokmr, and y^^, Gr. to de- 
ftnbc) a tftadle of cekurs j alfo the art of 

painriitt in colours* 

ChRDM ATOPOFA (x£€t/Mdr9irHt», Gr'.y 
the art of making colours. 

CHRON'ICK (ehronims, L. of xi^^^i^ 
Gr.) of or pertaining to tiine, or that is ot** 

CHRiyNICALNESS (of chronreut, Li* 
chronSjjne^ F.ofxf^i^, Gr. time) the bcbj 
of I<^g^rt>n6naance. 

To €iK,RONaCLE {ebronipter, F.) to* 
write or enter idiQifrn in foch an hiftory. 

CHRO'NOm)t(r»^fOik, and 5»iKw.ui,Gr. 
to ihew) a fort of '^Bl or inftniment to (hew 
the pafltng away of tim^. 

tiihe,and \iym, to fay) according to chronolo^. 

CfCKONO'METRUM {xx!^^ wd ^Ji 
f^, ^':) the fatfie as a pendulum to mea* 
lore time* with. 

CHRO'NOS {xj^ Or. rime) is faid to 
have been the fdn bfCar/cr^, and that not im- 
properly, fihco tt is evident that the motiont 
of the heavens mealbfe forth to us the dura^- 
tibn of time. ^ 

He Isg^erallydeicribM aran old man bare 
headed, with all ^e iiifinhltiel of age in hia 
forehead, eyte and countenahce, his Siooldera 
bowed, and he fuft able to hoM a fickle, and 
fometimes a key in his right hand, and a 
ferpent biting his owh tail in his left. ' 

. All thefe allude to time, as difclofing anj 
revealing all fecrets. Impairing and devouring 
all things, iliil confuming, and yet renewing 
itfelf by i perpetual drcularion. 

Sometimes he is defcribed witfi fix wings 
and feet of ^oo), to ifKew that time paiTes 
foftly, yet it will be fouiid to be very fwtft 
;n Its t^rogrefs. 

CHROWO^COPB (of xe^»<^. time, ant^ 
aiuh^, a mark) the fame as a pendulum to 
iheafure time. 

CHRySALIS (with naturaUJIi) properly 
the fame ttAnrttia, the faihe as the Nympb^ 
of butterflies and moths. 

CHRYSO'LITHOS (xfw^'x»9d-, Cr.) a 
precious (tone of a ttanfparent gold colour with 
green i a chryfolite, 

CftRYSOWASTirS (;^fW^<nrtfre', GK) 
a lirecious fione, fprinkkd as it were witqi 
gold land. 

CHRYSOR'CHIS (#itH PbjJldaHs) ^ 
abfcondiog of the tefticles in the belly. 

CHRYS'TaL. ^eeCryfaf, 

CHRYSTALLlTfUS bUmotrr \oi Xif' 
C«xxO«, of ;^v^af, gold, Ot.^ th^ trahfparent 
humour .pf the eye. /' f: 

CHl/B'BSDICESS (of ^„^.) the hav 
Ing foil cheeks. 

CHUFTINESS, doW^el}, farlinefs. 

CHURCH mhtam, the^atTemUes of th^ 
faithful throughout the earth. 

CHURCH Triumpbant, the church ot 
company of the faithfui already in glory. 

Greek CHURCHES 7 the chbithesOf' 

M^n CHURCHES i all thofe coon- 

^ » digitized by GOi*^V 



tficj, formerly f»iHj«ct.^ the Greti ftad 
Mefiern empire. 

Latin v^^ern CHUjlCHES, compre- 
htnSa all the churches of France^ Spain, Jtsljf^ 
jffrica, the Nortb, tnd all other churches 
where the Z^/m earned their Unguage. 

Sim^U CHUllCH, ©oe which has onl? a 
\iive and a thoir, with illes $ that which baa 
i^TOw of porticoes ia fwnto, with vaulted gpil- 
Jeries, and haa a cbapal in ita pourtour. 
».. CHURCH in a Greek Cntft, one the length 
of whofc crofs i$ e<jual to in at of the nave^ 
in which fqrm moA of the Greek churches, 
m^« built. 

CHVkCH Service, the comnion- prayer,, 
collects, &c, ufed in the church. 

* CHURCH Service, was firft fungip Zmg- 
iijb in the time of king £</w. VI. in the ycir 
X C46, who purfuiog the reformation his fa- 
ther had begun^ command^ it fo to be. 

CHURL (cccrl. Sax. carl. Germ, is ilrong.) 
I. A ruftick, a countrywwui : a. a fude, fur- 
iy, ni-bred man: 3. a mi^er^ a niggard, a 
tSslfiih or greedy vrreteh. 

CHURLISH. I. Rude, brutal^ harih, 
aiiftcrey ibur, mercileis^ unkind, unciiril: 
2^. felfiih, avaritious : 3* (of things) linpliant, 
croi9>|raioed,- unmanageable, haiA^ not 
yielding: : 4. tntra£table, vexatious. 

: CHURLISHLY. Rudely, brutally. 

. CHURLISHNESS. Brutality, ruggednefs^ 
<ff ten; per. 

^ Better is th« cbiirliatp of a man than a 

CO)irteoQs woman. , ^fi^^^f- ^tlU. 14* 
1^ the churlintjt of fourtune, a poor honeft 
man fufFers in this world* L* Bfifange, 

' CHU'SABLE (of oeopan, Son. or chctfir, 
M. to chulie) deierving to be, or ihft may he 
^10 fen. 

CHY'LE (with Naiural/fts) ia a white 
juice in the ftomach and bowels, . which prp- 
c^eds from a light and* eafy diflbhition and 
fermentation of the victuals. This juice ming- 
ling and fermenting with the gall and pan- 
Creatick juice, firft pafies the JaSieal Velm, 
dfr. and at iaft is incorporated with the blood. 
CHVME {)^9 GfA the fame as ehyU, 
though fome diftinguiih between chyle and 
cnyme, and reftrain chyme to' the mafs of food 
^ile in thr<fromachr be6>re it is fufficiently 
comminuted ai^d liquefied to pnfs the Pyltrut 
into \nt Ducdenum, and from thence into the 
lacteaJt, to be iurther dilated and impregnated 
with the pancrcate juice, where it become^ 

^.CK/'MIA (of xjijt, to melt, Gr.) 14 a 
reroItitioB of roiit bodies into their elements j 
and aga'm« when -it can be done, coagulation 
or. redintegration of the fame elements icvto 
ine bodies, which they conftitoted before | 
there are two parts of it, filutiow and (00^- 
larioh ^ by the addition of Arahick particle al, 
if called Alchyw^t 
CHYMICAL 7 (chymicut, LA 1.. made 

• CH YMrCK S by chymifir^ i \. reJatiij^ 
• td chymijlry, ' 


. CKYMICALLV^ in a %»/««/ manatr. • 

CHYMIST, a ^xoleflW of tlym/hy, a 
iphilofopher by 6re, 

CAYMiSTRY (from xff^» juice, ^or 
' xvHi Gt. to melt) an art whereby ienfible bodies 
■conuined in veffelsj or capable of being eon- 
tained therein, are (o changed, by meanc <tf 
certain inftrumeSti, and pnncipdUy fire, thnt 
their (everal powers and virtues \aro tlie#ebjr 
dlfcovered, 'with a view to philafophy^ or 
medicine. ^ .^•flr^Moc. 

CHVMlCO'-STA1*lCAt, of or pertain- 
ing to chymtilry and ftatlcks, i) Cbymicofia* 
/iirtf/ eaperitpentSr 

aCATRI'SlVE f^th Pi&y'Ai-Mw) dcCc- 
,carive, and tending.fto form a cicanfix. 

CI'CATRIX (vlkh 5»r|^j) a fear df m 

C! CELY 6r fwtai Ciceij (with Botanlfis) 
'an hetb. 

CIL'IA (jfyatmj) the eye-brow* or eyc« 
lida. L. . 

CiNERrtipvSNESS (of eimrifims, Z4 
afhinefs, likeneis to aAes, 
> CINN'AB AR, a nuMial ftone, ted, ^eayy 
and brillant, found for tne moft part in minca 
of qoickfilrer. 

This is the common vetmilioB When gsovnd 
up with rpink of wine and urine. There are 
minps of this mineral only. 

It is -properly quick- Hlver petrify'd, aa ap- 
peals _by the cnyroical operations whereby a 
pQund of good cinnabar will yidd 14 oonoes. 

CINNABAR Native, h a mineral whick 
. while it is in the lump, it of a brownl/b co- 
lour ) but when pulverised, is of a very high 
red colour, and call c^ vermilion. 

CtNNABAR Artificiat (^ith Ctymi/k) U 
a compofition of bcimAone and quick -lUrer 
(ublimed together. 

CIRCLE {cirtulut, ,L.) x. A ime con- 
tinued till k coda where it begun, having all 
its parts equidiftant fimn k common center* 
In c/rrZf following eirete gathers round 
To clofe the face of things. Tbom^>fBft ^apv« 

2. The Space induded in a Circohr une. . 

3. A round body 5 an Orb, • 
It is he that lettcth upon the circh of ^ 

earth, Ifai. ai. 21. 

4. Compafs ; tnclofure. 5. An ailembly far-. 
rounding the principal perfon. 6. A com- 
pany ; an aflembiy. 7-. Any feriea ending as 
it begins, aAd perpetnally repeated.' 

Thus in a ctrje run^ the pHea<ant*8 paift^ 
And the year rolls within itfelf agidn^ 

Dryd, Firg. George 
To CIRCLE X. To move rovnd any thing. 
Another Cynthia her new j«umey runs» 
And other pt^ets eircie other funs. 

F9^'s Dunda4L 
a. To inclofc ; to furround. 
While thefe fondsran, thoe circHnfryvOs 

may prove 
More heavy chaiu thwi thpfe of hbpthH 
love. Pricr. 

^ T Uafcen^ 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


pnkm, he ^iieA thfoVthe joyous tnwi, 
With djukocA o'rtltd, and »a ambient cloud. 

3. To drcle In j to confine ; to keep toge? 
ifer: tftcirde; to nove circnlatlj | to end 
wneieic begjintt 

The well fraught bowl 
Grc2ttiacefla»t; whUil the hamble cell 
VTith ^aTering laogh^ and rural Jefts re* 
(twaAu Pbilifu 

Now the arcHag yeait dxiclofe 
Tbc day predeitia'd to reward ta woet« 

.CIRCLED^ having the forai ofzdrc/t, nvMi 

Tf incoaftant moon. 
That owotfaly chai^ei in her a'rcUJoih. 

aRCLET, a circle, an orb. 
Then take iepaft» till Hefptrus difplayM, 
Hit foUeA dreia, in the Weftem (hade. 

Pope'% Od^, 

ORCLItlGf having' the form of a circle, 
cirnbr, round. 

tfimtA he rtirveyt, sod veil night, where 

So high above the drdim canopy 

Of ai^ito extended ihadc. 

* Milt. Par. L^f b.ui. 

CIRCI£S wfBxnrJw^ are drcfet pttaliel 
% the flclipdck, aad a^ fnch a diftance from 
it» that the ezcurfiont of the planet towjpdl 
the palea of the ecUptiek may be indv^ 
widiis it 2 whkh are fixed at 10 degrees. • 

CIRCLES «/* Jtrtitiule, otbtrwife called 
.^ImUMi^'tr*, are circles panllel to the horicon, 
hafiag their conunon pole in the senith, and 
Aiil-dfiarfniUng as theyapproach the seaith* 

CULCLES •/ LatituHe, are great drcies 
pinlkl to the plane pf the ecliptick pa^ng 
thftfogh the poke of k, and thraugh every 
§M and planet. 

. Bewry CIKCLES (la DtaHhig\ are the lines 
vhichibew the hours on dials, tao* cheie are 
astteva ckcttlar, boc nearly ftiait. 

/>flSnM/ CIRCLES {Aftnmowy) are iai- 
aasfrtit cifcies (appofed to be defcrib*d ly 
the lasaral Aara a|id other points of the heavens 

I roUtion round the earth 

/«^ CIRCLES (jSfirenamjf) are immove- 
iWc ^xtiKM paraliel to the eqoator, and at a 
diAance Irom the poles e^oal to the greateft 
drriimiua of the ecUptkk. 

I*«r«a/CIRCL£S, are fach as are de(crib^ 
aiwichtheiaflKpoiiitata pole in the fiiper- 
fides of a fphcre, the greateft of all taefe 
fVaEek is a greet drcfe* and the nesrer they 
«B to one of their polea, the Jefs they are. 

Fi^rw/ CIRCLES (in Mrmomy) are great 
^dcs in the heavens, interfediag one another 
ia the Ztmith and Natkr, «nd confequeatly 
no at right angles with the hoHioa. 

CIRCLE (in Phjtf*^*) is underftood among 
Aa Sfhmtmfm of the viciSude of gsaeratians 
irifing one oat of aaodMf. 

CIRCLE ria Lpgiek) the faolt of an argv. 
matt that inppofes thf ptiadpiii it iKooid 

prov^ and afterwards proves CKe ptlbcipaf hf 
the thing it feemed to have proved. 

/0nN«/ CIRCLE (In logieM) Is that whick, 
in two reciprocal fyllogirms Begs the mHliimi 
which IS the next caofe of the greater extrefne« 

The matertai CIRCLE (In Lovick) confifii 
oftwo /yilogifnit, the fonxfer wneretf provei* 
the caufe by the tS^Gt 5 and the latter, the' 
eRe^ by the caufe. 

CIR'COS (»/pae>,.<;r.J a clilatation or 
fweliing of the veins crooldhg or vli<inding^ 
ap4arihng In one or more paru of the body, 
io much that th^ veins threaten a rapture. 

CIR'CUIT, the circuits of the ju%s were' 
firft appointed by king Henry IL who In tha, 
21 ft year of hii rdgn divided the whole jcin^- 
dom into fix circuits^ appoihtihg three Judgea 
to every circuit, who mould twice every year 
ride together, and hear and determine caiifes a 
which coftom is frill obrenred> tho*^ there tf . 
fome alteration in (he number 0/ the judges^ 
and {hires of the circuits. 

CIRCULAR Lettitt^ letters disected to 
feveral perfbas who have tfie fime intereft in 
the-fame aflF^ir. ... 

Circular ^affing^'u that which k pec-^ 

formed in the arch^of a great .circle. 

ClRCULARfTY, circularnefs. 

CIRCULAR Lilies XvAtJi Matbtmaitdans) 
are fuch ftraight lines S8,ar^ divid^ *''J^ 
divifions made in the arch of a cjrde, iiicn^ 
iints, tangents, fecantt, Uo^ - 

CIRCITLAR Pelodtj (in th? ^e'vf Ajf/or • 
Mtiiy) a term figpi^ing ftat velocity of arijr' 
planet or revolving body,, that is mcafi|ied^ 
the arch bf a circle. ' ir» 

CIRCULARNESS {QrcTrdilafis t. drfK^ ' 
Hire, Tj) roundneis. 

CTRCULUS decennovettnatit (with jlffkt^ 
Homert) the golden number, or a period or' 
revoliitlon df 19 years, invented to make fti« 
lunar year agree vdth the folar $ ih that al' 
the end of it th^ new moons' happea in the 
fame oaenths, and on the fame davt of the 
month, and the moon begins again her cdurCe 
\vith the fun. This is called Circulut Mtio» 
nicus, from Meton, the inventor of it> kA 
fometinies Ennedeeateris, 

CIRCUMADJA'CENT [iiidr^ ahiif, 
and ^djacens^ L, l^!ng near) lying near, all 
round about, encompamng heir at hand. * 

CIRCUMAM'BlENTNfeSS, the eacoffl- 
pafling round. * 

..To CIRCUMAM'BULATE {firtumim^ 
hulattam^ L.) to walk round about. 

CIRCUAIOUCTILE {dreuskiSiffiru, £.} 
eafy to be led about. 

CIRCUMERR'ATrON, a.wandering a- 
bout, L. 

dlRCUMf fiRtNfCE (rirtmmfirditia. Jt.J 
I. The periphery, the lliie Including aadfur-^ 
rounding any thing. 

Extend thus far thy bounds, ~ .^ 

'Irhis be thy Juft dra/mftrena, X) world! 


Digitized by V. »t Tko 

) * v«mm: yi^zttmfirmeg^ con- 

^/€ )f *n «Vc«!ar bed/: 
,. •«.'«;» «4»*-«:j <^]r :iuii( cocular^ or or- 

'is ^>v<M'*tt«s ^itM^ hrge zoA roand, 
■Wa.iu iUA .Aii^ ct» burn J drcumfemce 
ttuA^^ w4 >ii3 Jtdtukts, fike the moon. 

M!lt. Par, Ufi. 
To Of ftLt/MreRENCE, to include in a 

Nor :4^ Uie Y*foor of this great body xn- 

dn4o4 oaly ift kfelf, or circumfennted by its 

tt0^iti% bttCdiffufcd at indeterminate diffances. 

Srown't Vulgar Error s, b. ii. c. 2. 

The CIRCUMFERENCE if e^ery cireU 
(amoof Gtometridatu) is fuppofed to be divided 
into 360 equal parts, called degrees, fuppofed 
«» be divided into 60 equal parts, calPd ml- 

CIRCUMFLUENCE, an indofureof wa- 

CIRCUMFLUENT {^ircmfluenj, L.) 
ibvrlog round any thing. 

1 rule the Paphian race> 

Whofe bounds the deep eircumpuatt >wavei 

A duteous people and induflrious ifle. 

Pope^s Odvjn 

CIRCUMFLUOUS {drcumfiuus, L.) en. 
vironing yrith waterii ' 

He the world 
^ Built on drc6mjtit^ waters calm, in wide 

Cryfhdiine oceans 

MiTt, Par. Loft B. viL L 160. 

CIRCUMFLU'pUSNESS {o{ eircumftuut, 
£.} the flowing round about. 

CIRCUMFU'SED {cifcmfufit, L.) pour- 
cd Or ihed round sbbot.' 

CIRCUMLQCU'TION, acireuitorround 
of words, ofed either when a proper term it 
not at hand to ezprefs a thing naturally and 
immediately by, or when a perfon choofes 
not to do it out of refpe£t, &c, 

ClRCUMPOSlTipN, a layuig round 
al)OQt. L. 

. CIRCUMPUL'STON, the thruftfag for- 
^rd* of bodies j which are moved by thofe 
that lie round them* 

'CIRCUMRA'SION(with J?jM«/)?jja 
fcraping or uking off, the bark round about. 
feadjltatum, L.) to fcarify round about. 
' To ti CIRCUMSCRIBED hcalfy (with 
Pbihkpbcrs) is faid pt, ». body, when it has a 
certain and dttirminatc Ubi, or Place, with 
refne^ to the circumambicot or encompaifing 
Imxei. It h the fame ^'%'to be in place cir- 

CIRCUMSCRIBED Hyperbola (with 5ftf* 
tbm^Uiant) an Uyperhla that cuts its own 
^lyifMn, nod cuntafns the parts cat ©ff 

c I 

^thm its own iroper fpape. 

ClRCUMSCRl'BEDNESS rof^r^tfttf 
Jaiptui, L.) the being drcomfcribed. 

CIRCUMSPECT'NESS (c/rawiji^«fliiiir, 
F. ) circomfpedion. 

faid /o be In a place circttmfpeBtvebf, when it' 
has a certain or detemtiaate Ubi or Place, 
with refpe^ Co the drcumambient or encoo- 
paffing bodies. 

CIRCUMSTANCES, the incidenti of la 
eveot, or the pardcularhiei that aooomfaay 
an a^lion. 

CIRCUMSTANCES, (with MoraUfts) facb 
things, that tho* they are not efTcntial to aoy 
a£lion, do yet fome way efitA it. 

CIRCUMSTANCES pr^feHy mfti {k 
Ethich) are inch as do really influence our 
anions, aqd render them more ^good or evil 
than they woold be without ftfch cirevn. 
ftances. Which writers in Etkich fum «^ 
in this verfc. 

^irrx, fuid, fuibus aaxiliiif orr, fumed$, 
fuattdo, ' 

CIRCUMSTANCES pitrtly pfyjieei ^ 
Etbich) foch as do not conned any noril 
good or evil virith the a£Hbn ; as if a petAa 
kills another, whether he k^ him with tke 
right hand or the left. 


that which b circumftantiaK 

ToClRCUMVAL'LATE {a'rtMmvallgftg 
Ir.) to inttench round about. ' 

CIRCUMVECTION, a carrying iboot, L. 

To CIRCUMVO'LVE [drcumvohtn, 
.Ir*) to roll or wheel round. 

tttre) the turns of the fpiral line of the /mVi 

CIRXnrS (in R^me) ■ fpacious place be« 
tween the mounts Palatine and i#v«tf/M, in-^ 
vironed with buildings in tlie form of a chde^ 
for the exhibition of publick plays j ttmk' 
it was the amphith^tre. In which weie gal** 
leriet and boxes for the fpectators to fitot 
Atndin. This was firft begun to be built bf^ 
Tarfuitiiu sPrifrtt ; but was afterwafd»^M1t*d ' 
and r^dred more flately and beautifiil bvthi' 
emperors Claudius, Cihgula and Helngdshh 
being imbcUiihed witli ntfrble ronod biitf,' 
round which the courfers ran { there were ai* ' 
'fot>iIIarsand obeliiks adorned with hierogly 
phi€ks ; the emperor CUudiut cauftd moil of 
the obeliflcs to be gilt with gold ; and C«*](s/i' 
paved it with vcrmilllon ftooe foldeted irtth 
gold. Heliogabalus added the filings of gtfld* 
and filvtr J the galleries were adorned with- 
the images of theh^ god$ and the rkhcft fpoili^ 
.of their enemks, 
.CIR'SOS (juW^ . Gr.) a crooked fwoUm 
ein, a foit of fweffing, when a vein, bf 
r^afm of the Tofrrtefs of its coat is ftietcbedoot 
witk much thick blood, and ieciiii as if It 
would burft. * _ 

^ t cm- 

Digitized by V3OOQIC 

C L 

Cn*IZENSHIP, the dignity and pmileie 
«f acirisen 

. CITRI'NB (of eitriwttt, L,) of or pi^- 
laiaiqg to, or of the colour oi a pomecitroii. 
CITTA (with Fhjficiajts) a faoJt in the 
appetite, as when xoiuig woaseo long for 
t^iap that arc not fit to hie eaten, as chaUc, 
coab, &c, the greenfickncis. 
OVICK [crtMcui, L.) belonging to a city. 
CI V'ICK Crown, a garland 
that was given by the Bmans to 
a brave foldier, who had faved 
the ii/e of a feliow^dtiren, or 
rcfcued him after he had been 
taken prifoncr. This crown 
was mauie of oaken leaves with 
fbe aeons oa them, if they could be had, be- 
cadcthat tr«e was dedicated to jfupiter, who 
vnefteemed the protestor of cities and their 

CIVIL, a term oppofite to criminal or ec* 
CIVIL {civilu, L.) coorteons, kind, well- 


. CIVIL, in its general fenfe, is Something 
that refp^ the policy, publick good, or re- 
poie of ^ citiscns, city or Aace. 
• CIVIL ^ V, a war carried on between two 
ia^yun in the fame kingdom or fute. 

CiV'ILNESS (wi/;>f, F. civiiitai^L,) 

aviUSATlON {taw term) a law, aft 
of juftice, or judgment, which renders t cri- 
nba! pTocefs, civil. 

CLAIM'ABLE, that may be claimed. 
. CLAM'OROUSNrSS (of cUmer^ LA 

A CLANG (cUrgor, L.) the found of a 

A CLAP (elapoir, F.) a fwclling in the 
ffoia and privities. 

A CLAP, a noife by hitting agsjnft. 

CLAPPING (of clappan, 5tfx.} |i ftriking 
togetfaer of the' hands, &c, 

CL A'RI ON {dan'o, X.) a fort of ihrill 

CLASHING, a noife of two fwwds, ftTf. 
9^ bitting againft another } alio a difagree- 

C L 

To CLATTER, to ftrike iny tfdng 6 at 

to make it (bund and ratUe, 

ToCLATTER (clat|iaDjc, Sax, arattie.) 
2* To make a noife by knocking two fono- 
ten bodies frequently together. 

Kow the Iprightly trumpet, from afar. 
Had foQsM the neighing fieeds to fcour the 

While the fierce riders clatter^ don theit (hields. 

Drydtni JEtuids, 
*• To utter ft noife by being fttuck together, 
Down funk the roonftcr-buik, and pxefsM 

the groundy 
i<i» arms sod clattering flucjd on the vaft 
bodyfoaod. Drydtn. 

J.Totalkfaftandidlt^ ^^ 

An thofe airy fpeculad^s that bettered not 
■«n4 Buaneis, were only a noifc and clatter- 
•^ of words. DtcaiffPUtj 

y^hen all the bees are gone to fettle. 

You clamr ftiil your bfuen kettle* 

a. To difpute, to jar. Or chamir. BUnuu 
A k>w word. 

A CLATTER, u A ntdfaig noUe —4c 
by the frequent and quick coUifioji of Ibad- 
roos bodies I a. it is ufed for any tumoItnoM 
confufed nctie. 

The jumbling particlet of matter. 
In chaos make not inch ae/atUr. 

j^LAUDICATION, ^ halting nr golnf 

CLANIS, a key, alfo the dlre£Uon to tl^ 
opcnmg, and decyphering a cypher, or any 
fccret writing. ' 

CLAyus (with Ocul(fis) a Httle hard 
fweliing in the comer of the eye. 

CLAVUS (with Phjifiaans) the iame at 

ci^^?^"®' (cJ-a„iic«rr, ««:) 

CLEAR Py&n (in O/nVAi) is canfed by « 
great quantity of rsys hi the fame pcndl, hi- 
lightening the correfpondcnt points of lhe 
image ftrongly and vigoroufly^ 

CLEARNESS {ciartt, F. (latitat. L\ « 
being clear. » '/- 

CL^/DONISM (of aXaWr, a mmottr, ufd 
tfwr, a bird) a fort of divination a^ong thft 
antlenu, foppofed to be nrach the iune a* 

CLEI'DES (in jhatemj) the cfawi/n or 
chamicl bone, joined on each fide to the to» 
of the breaft, and to the Aoolder-hlade, the 
neck or throat-bone. 

CLE M'E J^CY (dmintia, L.) was efteemM 
as a goddefs, and the Roman fenate ordered ft 
temple-to be dedicated to her after the deatlk 
of yulius O/tfr. The poets defcrlbe her tt 
the guardian of the world, (be is repteienCnA 
holding a' branch ol kurel, and a fpear, t» 
ihew that gentlenefs and pi^ behnged princi- 
pally to vi£h)rious warriors. 

L.) gentlenefs, courtefy. 

CLERGY, comprehends the whole body of 
priefts, divines or ecdefiafticks, of what na- 
tion or people fyewtr. 

The clergy of England h^A fbmerly many 
privileges, fome of wMch are now abridged i 
but yet they ftill enjoy fome conOdeiable 
ones i as their being exempt from ferving all 
office butr their dwn, their goods payhig no toll 
in fairs nor markets, ' aiid many other ad- 

CLERGY (in Laxu) the appeal of a clerk 
or clergy, or his appeal to an indi^ment j for 
in anient times a clergyman being convi^ed 
of felony bcfor* a fccular judge, was allowed 
the prrrilege tv ^rtj bis dergy j . that^, t6 


ath^l he m^gbt he dplK<fi4 t»,ltvUi4]9irT 
trhimfelf $ bi|t this privilege afUnivardj 
ivat alV>wcd tdalljpofons coovj^Mof fuch 
/clonjft, ts tl^ beiMfit was granted for. ^hi^ 
l^i)^ Wit, that if thepriibner being fee 
^t* read a Ter& or two in a Latin booky in a 
, AUm* blade clurafteiy coaiiBOBTy called a 
neck-verfe^ and the ordinary of Iftmfgate 
MmStnnA t» Uivcoart^ Legit ut'titrisiu, i, *. 
Jbftstadi fika a clerk or feholar, he waa o^Iy 
jbontin the hand, and then fet ftee; hut by 
a late a A of parliament the cU/^j, m benefit 
ff tbt €k$i$, haa hem taken away 10 moft 
caiet, anfiqit 9ipfP*jf vAM^nfim^vr* 
. CMp^K. Cofpoiff, it oM who prays his dergy 
.|^orejodg;Daeopk . 

CLERICAL Crown, antieiitly a roQnd 
]B0 of jiair (bayed off aroond the hesd. 

CJ-ERK; (of thp A^t bcJongin^ tQ the 
^Ilkvy) an oJBcer, who receives aj^ enters the 
fQWimfyn^fat^ worxapts of the lord adn^I, 
and regifters t]ie s^s and orders of the com* 
ipi^onerf of the navy. 

CLERK {ofAJ^) an officer who wnt^ 
.^1 thiqgi j)^ciall)r' 4oof hy the juAiFqi of 
' afiae in their circuit. * 

CLBHJ^ <iffb^ Cbff^ (in thu Kin^U C^trt) 
W ^^9 V^ph^ the check and cpotBoU- 
sapn^ of the ycomaa of the giurd. and all 
other ordinary y«09ien or nihers belongMig to 
tl>e kin^ &c. f ithcr giving leave or aUpw- 
ing th^f abience <^ attendance, ^r diouj^iib- 
iP|thcir yrajfcs faj: the Aiaae- 

C|«BEK o/tfif Ck(<h ^ ^ivHU^ otberwife 
falkd Qf^fifoff Uf kU mj^j^ ks ofiice ii to 
attend at the king*s right hand during divine 
(ervicfy tQ refi^vje 4II d^lihts cpacenii|ig /pi- 
nto9! loattcif, ^ wait 9a die king \fk hjs 
private oratory, fife, 

CLERK (of the CrevfM) an officer Oif tl^e 
«9Prt of Kfpg^t'^evtb, who franiaa a;^d re- 
cords all i/;^(Usa9t8 again^ traitors, felons 
f nd other oj^ndfUji mcfc arraigned «ip^ ^ny 
jpublj^k Grime* 

S^^V^K oft^e (^rn^wfh (J» the couit of 
fhaflfen] ai) oiiifer whp c^pdnufiijy attends 
upon me If^rd Cijiaiffit/lpr, tft Ltri i^t^tr^ 
tttherin his prober pff£b,n or depyty, uppn 
£pKci«l J^tler^ of flate : aUo all general par-: 
aions upon grants of thefp fi thrking's corci- 
■fff^fk^ ojt at -a parliAnuAtj the writs of, 
MruAm^nt, &£. f^e retunn^d into his_ office; 
he alio makes fpecial pardons and w^its of 
fjpccmiau UM bP»d of ijlatutf flaple forced. 

CttKKffke £r^m (in tht King' t^Jenck) 
>Q offign- i^hP4r«n£Lribcs and certiScji the re- 
cords of Aic)^ ci^ilUibi j^at cqurt, into tbe cx- 
ftjbeqQg-y i/ the <^uie of adjop were by bill. 
. CLBRK ^jM^oigu (in tbe. court f>{ 
Common Plehs) an oiJncer who keeps iht- Ef- ' 
^iin A^/jj provides thi^ pvchmeit, cuts it 
itHo cwl^. vW?Fl^, '^ ^ the proper oflicers, 
«^feceivctjSqny..;|g^.\f)iep written, . 
, ..CLERi; of.tU. ^r,c^.(ip the officf of 
^« ff^iy^) ai^;9jfepr who reccixW th? 


eftitats out of th^ Lord Treafirtt*t Rn 
irancer^t-Office, aod wiites them out t^ he 
levy*d for the king. 

CLERK ef the B^mfer 1 (in the CBam, 

CL'KRK of the RaMttpar ^ r«7^ aa officer 
who receives all money due to the king's mm* 
jefly for the feals of charters, patents, <0A- 
miffions aad writs ; and Hkewife fees ^e* Ca 
the officers for enrolling and examining tie 
£ime. He is obliged to attend on the Lm^ 
Chaneellor, or Lord Keeper^ in term-time daily, 
and ataUtimesof feafing, 

CLERK eftbe Jgries 7 (in the court 

CLERK0//^tfCfrr4'tfXFrrVi5 of Commtm 
Pfeas) an officer who makes out the wrka 
caHed HMheas Cerport, and Dijirivgat, for 
the appearance of the jury, either at the cc^rt 
or at the affixes, after that tbtjiiryis im- 
pannelied or retund upon the Venin facias, 

CLERK or Martial (of the King's Homfe) 
an officer who attends the marfhal in hjs court, 
and records all his proceedings. 

CLmi^oftbe Market (of the Khig"^ ^o*A) 
an officer wnofe doty is to take cha^e of the 
kii)g*s meafures, and to keep the fljuidarda 
of them 5 that is, examples of all the mea- 
iures that ought to be throughout the land. 

CLERK 0/ tbe Nicbib (in the Sxebefmer) 
ait officer who makes a roll of all fuch 
fums as are nichiled by the iheriff, upon their 
efbeats of green wax, and delivers tneao into 
the office of the Ler4 Treafurer's Rememhra^^ 
etr, in order to have execution done upon 
them for the king. 

CLERK (of the Parliament) one viAo r©- 
cQrds all things done in the court of par- 
Hameot, and engrofTes them fairly into parch« 
mcnt -rolls, for t)ie better prcferviAg them 
to pofterity. There are two of thefe, one 
of the Houfi of Lords, and the other of this 


CLERK ef tbe 0$it(a^ries {m the court of 
Cop^mn Phqs) an officer who is depoty to the 
khig's attorney general, for making out the 
Virrits of Capias Utlegatum. 

CLERK oftbePiace (belonging to the 
Sevens of (be Peace) an officer who in the 
•fcflioni reads the indiftments, enroUithe 
a^s, draws the procefs, &c. 

CLERK ff the Pell (in the Sxfhffuer) an 
officer who enters tellers biQs into a pi^frh. 
ment-roll called PeOii Receptontm, and alfo 
makes another roll of payment called Pelih 
Exirautfif in which he enters down by wh^ 
warrant the money was paid. 

CLERK of tke Petty Bag (in Chancery) of 
thefe officers there are three, and the roaf!er 
of therolh is theh^eft their office. is to 
record the return of all inquifitions out >of 
every ffihe ; all liveries granted in the court 
of wards, all oufipr les mains, to make all pa- 
tents for coftomers, gaugers, controllf rs,*4?c. 
famflapm for the nobility and boi^gefles t04»ar- 
lian^ent ; com9)iffidfi|l to kqight^ of the ihlift 
Tor feiiing of fufefi^Rs, ^c* 

'■ - : CLERIC 

C L 

CLfRK. 9f the Pife (in die Eyehtpter) tn 
«ff cex mho receiTcs tH the tccoums and deA>cs 
doe to tbe kicg, being dnwn out of the 
MBembranccr*! office, and enters ttaem down 
'ma the great toU, and vritn fummcaa to 
ifteriffs to levy the ^id debts. 

CtERR »/* /5f P/ioi (in the Bsfcte^er) H 
m officer In whoTe office the crAcen «f the 
«Bort nfoa fpedal privileges belonging to them 
eagfat to foe or be focd iipon any a£lkn. 

CIERK ^of Che Prijy St^J of tficfeof- 
ficot there are four vrho attend the Lard 
Safer 0/ the Prm Stmt, or the prin<lk>al 
fecntJiy, if there 6e no privy fcal 5 and alfo 
% Bokc out ffivy feais updn any fpedal oo> 
ctfos of his majefty^ affairs. 

CL£RK (o. the Sewers) a;* officer belongs 
i^ to the commiffionen of fewers, who is to 
vrite down all things ^t they do by virtue 
of ^ff commiffioa. 

CLERK, (of the Si£»et) an officer who 
coetiaaally attends opon the prindpal fecre- 
mj ef Hate, and hat the cuftody of the privy 
%aet, whidi h as well for feallng his majef- 
ty'sffirate letters, and alfo fucb grants as 
pA hm oi^efty^s hand by bills figned ; of 
thefe these aie four. 

CLERK ^ the Kin^t fiver (in the court 
of DwMwr PU*x\ an officer who receives all 
the fiflcfy after tney have been with the m/- 
tEi htvixm, &o. 

CLERK efthe Treafuty (in the court of 
€mam Pleat) an officer who has the charge 
of iocpiof the records ef Ntfi prims, has the 
fc«i doe for all fieaiches, the certifying of all 
lecqrds into the king*s bench, wh^n writs 
«f enor «c brooght J makes out writs of 
fiferfitUat eU mo meUfiafiie. 

CLERK (of the IGnft gtedt W^fn^drohe) 
as officer of the king's houfe that keeps an 
sccooot in writing of all things belonging to 
Aekhig*s wardrobe. 

CLERK rftbe ff^arrantt (in the ooort of 
Cemmm Pleat) an officer who eftten all war* 
laats of attorney for plaintiff and defendant, 
and enralls all deeds of indentures of bargain 
«nd (ak, acknowledged in court or before any 
to^ oC the court. 

CLERKS, the com- 
pany of clerks called Pa- 
rt/b Cltrkt', is ancient, and 
ftand regkiered in the 
-books of GaiU.hslL 
I'hey were inccrpotated 
the lyth of Hewy 111. 
Their arms are a^cure^ a 
flower-de-luce Or, on a 
ehiBffii&t, a leopard's head betwixt two 
hoaka, Qrt their creft an arm extended, fur- 
tWHtrd OS a torce and helmet,. holding a 
iai^og book open. 

CLERK sfr^ Su^pfidedt, an officer of 
ihtcounof Cmmoa Phat, who makes out 
writs of 5o/cr/AfSn]i (opai the defendant's ap- 
miag CO Cba eaigant) whoKbytheihcriff 
• fctlM CO mora th« exigent^ 

C L 

CLEVS \ at the beginnniog or end of 

CLIF or V the proper name of a pisce, 

CLIVE ) denotes it to be a rock or fide 
of a hill, as Oeve'and, Oifion, StantUff. 

CLEVER feilcfo, one that has a knack 
at doitig or dovifing any thing. 

CLIME I (vfith JJlroiiemert) for 'the 

CLI'MATES dJftinaxonofp!a<^esanddif. 
fferent temperature of air> according to their 
fituation, the whole globe is divided tato 4S 
climates, 24 northern, 24 fouthern, accord- 
ing to the increafe of half an hour in th« 
longeft day in fummer. 

To CLIMB (climan, Smx^ klttrmen. Dot.) 
to afcend up any place, to mount by means of 
fome bold or focting : it implfes labour and 
difficulty, and fucceffivc efforts. 
Thou, fun I of this great world both eye tad 

Acknowledge him thy greater, found his praiie 
In thy eternal coorfe, both when thcuc//jn^y^ 
And when high noon haft gain*d> and when 
thou ihirft. 

• Milt. Par. Lofl, b. v. 1. 174, 

No rebel Titan't facnDegious crime, 

By heaping hiUs on hills, can thither climb. 
What qontrouling qi«fe 
Makes waters, in contempt of nature's laws. 
Climb up, and. gain th' afpiring moui^taiif's 
height. Bhchnere^ 

To CLIMB, td afcend. 

Thy arms purfuo 
Paths of icftowo, and tliinb afcents of fame. 


Forlorn he mnfl, a^d perfecuted fly ; 

Climh the Aeep mountain, in the Uvern lie« 


Virginian CLIMBER (with Betanifit) a 
flurob, the Virginian ivy. 

CLINCA, a fmartand ^vlttytxpreffioq. 

CLIN'ICB (of M.n, Or.) that part pf 
fhf fick that refpeCts bed-rid.people. 

CLINK'ERS, th<>fe bricks that by haviig 
much nkte or fait - petie in thom (and 
lying next the fire in the chmp or kiln) $y 
the violenceof the fire run aod are glazed ove<l 

CLOIXDINESS (clut>t>inej-p, Sax.) being 
full of clods. 

CLOD Salt (at the Sak fVwh) a cake 
that flicks to the bottom of a pan^ and i» 
uken nut once in 24 hours. 

To CLOD (pi cloto, Saet, or klot, -Dut.) 
to gather into clods pr lumps. 

CLOP -) (of oioojh. Sax. a fiffare or 

CLOUGH ^open paffagein the Itde of a 

CLOW 3 ft»ountain) bebg added to the 
name of a place, intimates it to have been 
futh a fort of a place, as Cleughtw, 

CLOO <Jna Figurative Stnj'e) a lead, a let, 
a hindrance. 

CLOG'GINES^ 7 a beiog apt to cl^ 

CLOGGINGNESS S or hinder. 

CLOISTER (in Monafitries) a r(;uare gal- 
lery wiih a little fiower-^Udcn ia th^ mi<)el«, 
P thele 

C L 

' thefe were In former tinet ufcj ts fchopis 
for tl^ inftru£tion of youth, and were many 
of them well endowM, and allowed feveral 

ErivUegUy and aoDong others they Were al- 
>wed to be a fort of fao^luaries to fuch as re- 
tired to them for (he ter. 

To CLOSE {klt>ys, Dot. ckt, F. cUufus, L.) 
I, To Auty to lay together. 

Sleep inceifantly fell on me, calKd, 
By nature as in a.d, and chs'd mine eyes. 

MtJt, Par, ^oft. 
%. To conclude, to end, to fini/h. 
Edward and Hen}j, now the boaft of fame, 
And virtous Afred a more fa«red name j 
After a life of generous toils c.^.dur'd. 
Closed their long glories with a figh to find, 
Th* unwilling gratitude of bafe mankind. 
Popt"% Ej>* •fHor, 

3. To inclofe, to confine, to repofice. 

Etrery one 
According to the gitt that bouctcous nature 
iiath in him clos d, HhJtef, Macbeth. 

4. To join, to unite fractures, to conl'olidate 

To CLOSE. I. To coalefce, to join its 
own pa.ts together: 2. to clofe upon, to a- 
gree upon, to join in. 

3. 'y^Jewith 1 to come to an agrec- 
Tk thje in with J ment with, to oomply 
with, to unite with: 4. to grapple with in 
wreiUing. . 

CLOSE, any thing flkut upj without out. 

. CLOSE'NESS (of dyfan. Sax. to clofe) 
the ^ijig<lofe. 

CLOT 'du^, Sax,) a clod or lump. 
. CLOTTED, in dodt or lumps. 

CLOTH s^Sea Term) a fhip is faid to Jpread 
tPiucbiktb^ when ihe lias bro^d fails. 

were incorporated the 
2?dof kingffrjiryVIII. 
anno 153., and 'is the 1 2th 
company of the city of 
London. Their arms are 
fahby a chevron «rMfn jn 
chief, two crabhets ar- 
gent, in beifel or beaiel, 
Or. Their fupporters are two gri^nS, their 
creft a lam -oa a torce and helmet $ thtir 
motto, My-truft if in God alone. Their hall 
is on the eaft fide of Mincing-lane. 

CLOTHiEB^ (of cl45an. Sax. to cbthe) 
a cloth worker.. 

CLOUDS (whence they take their name 
is not certiiinly determined ; Sonpurus derives 
them of cJu*b, Sax. a lump or elodt f» d- 
clodded vapours } but Minffftfif, offUmdere, U. 
to ihot tt^4>ocaufe they ihut up the fun from 
•us.) It is a qaeftion among philofophers, 
whether ck)ods or thick fogs arc compounded 
. alike> or whether there is fomething more 
in the cbn>ds, than there is in thick fogs : 
foiBt are of opinion, that the clouds are 
grolFcr than all fi>gs, and that they are com- 
poied of flakes of foo>v^ rather than partidcs 

C L 

of water, fuch at fogs are made o^. 
again are of 0(>in od, that the clc«ds aill^ly 
a clofc fort of frgs. And indeed thofe &gs 
that hang upon the topi cf very high hilb, 
appear to pcof le ihat arc on the plains to be 
ail one with the ciouds ; tbo' thofe that are 
at them perceive nothing but a thick fog. 
Ciouds then, are formed of vapoun raifed from 
water or moifture, or thofe exhalations that 
afkcnd from the earth, and are no ether than 
fmall Dubbles detached from the waters by 
the power of the folar or fubterraneous heat, 
or both. Aiid being lighter than the atmof- 
phere, are buoyM up Vbereby, till they 
become of an etjual weight therewith a» 
fome of its regions ak>iT in the air, or nearer 
to the earth. 

I'he douds then are higher than fug% and 
hang in the air, and arc carried about in it by 
the winds. They arc alfo of various figures j 
iometimet fo thm, that the fun*s rays yafs 
thro* them j they ^ io appear of fevc al co- 
Jours, as wiute, red, §^c, aud alfo iometimet 
of very dark colo»irs. 

As to the banging in the air, it feems a mat«- 
ter of foflSe difficulty to account for that ; bcr 
caufc all watery particles, of which douif 
confift, zx6 heavier than air, (o that were 
there nothing to hinder they would fall totb; 
earth. But there are two things that are fup* 
pofed to bear them up, the firft is the wind^ 
which blow from all parts under the regioa 
of the clouds, and do with them bear about 
many lighter forts of bodies 5 efpcdally if thofp 
bodies contain but a fmall quantity .of folid 
matter under a broaJ fuperficies. Thus it is 
commonly Ten how eafi'y boys paper kites 
are kept up by the wind when they are mount- 
ed pretty high, and in like manner the parti- 
cles of water very much rarified may eajjly 
be fufpended at that height, adly. Their new 
exhalations perpetually fuming out of the 
earth, and by their motion upwards, hinder 
the douds trom falling or dcfcending, unlc^ 
the denfity of the clouds preponderates. And 
fo we fee, that the vapour of the fire carries 
lighter bodies up the chin>aeys ; nay; the fmojce 
of a fire in a chimney is able to turn a thin 
plate of iron round, that is artfully placed ia 
it, fo flrongiy, as to turn abof t a fpit, and 
roafla piece of meat of a confiderable wdfht« 

As to the coburs of the douds, .they are ra- 
ried according to the fituatioa of the fun, and 
way of refledUng iti light in t^efpea to na« 
The denfity of the clouds proceeds from tl» 
^lofeneis of the vaporous particles one to ano- 
ther, and their thinoefs irom the diftance of 
|h«ie particles one from another., .of ytMi 
|here are feveral caufes. When they are vei3r 
;thin, they leave fo many intcrftices, thtttJl^ 
rays of the fun dart thio* them in saoy 
piacc^^ but are intercepted ia others. 

As to the figures or forms of the clouds, |U 
thcir*varie€y arifes ^01 their pifnty of va- 
poun, jmd xhf iizfluencc of the lun jiAd wiorf* 

Digitized by VjOOQ It 


C L 

For it k inpofiible for them to be varlooOr 
m&kM, rvdied and carried «bout in the 
6, aod their iigorcs oof to be changed. 

Cioods are fufpeodcd in the air, becaufe 
theyroafift of water rarefied by the heat of 
tk fan into fleam, which fteam being lighter 
tlian air is carried up by it into the colder rc- 
^; where it is again condehfed into water, 
ttd &tMn that into ice and fnow, which be* 
cjmiogtco heavy for theafrto fnpport, breaks 
iato piecei, and defcends by their fopcrior 


Aod doods fwim m the air as Alps at fea; 
fee tl»e air being thxker near the earth, and 
the particles of a cloud but thin, they are 
ai\j y-on up j but, according to toe greater 
■ leTcr wdyhtof a cloudy and fetting of the 
moit it finks or rifes. 

Wbea the particles of the clondi are fo 
dack thit they can np longer be kept up by 
fteitfiileace of thi; air, then are they oon- 
des£td ifito water, and fall down into rain. 
itt CaeJeKfatiaa tjid yapour, 

CLOVDY, ovcrcaft with clouds j alfo 

CLCyVEN ;of dcopifl. Sax.) cleft, di. 

' CLOU*rERLINESS (prob.of dot. Sax. 
aclc»t;iil-i&apedn<Ers, bungliognels. 

CLOWNS Treactty garlick. 

CLOWN'ISHXESS 7 (of w/ww, t.) 

ClOWN'BRy 5 ruftick behaviour. 

A CU7B (c/«^ Teot. dubbe. Sax,) a 
hi|eor thick flick*; alfo a company or fo- 
«wy of perfona who meet together to drink, 

CLtJMTERED, clotted together in little 
CLUMSINESS, ibortnefs and thicknefs. 
CLUS'TERING, .^j^oducing cluftera, 

CLUTCH'ES, the han^t clutched, alfo 
' ^poAcfionor clinched, as in one's clutches. 

CLXnZH-fified, ha^ng great dufflfy 

CLYPEIFOR'MIS (with Mtte^roh^ijh) a 
ibct of ennet refembling a fliield in form, L% 

CLEMODACTYLUS (with Anatomifis) 
t a onidie, otherwife called Exumjcf inttrnM 

COACH (on board ^fag-Jbif) the council 

areof a late incorporation . 
They have for their ar- 
morial cnfign* Axure, a 
chevron between three 
coaches, Or, The crefl is 
Pbaekut drawn in a cha- 
riot a!l of the fecond, and 
the fupporters two' hor- 
fes Ar^,tnt armed Or, 
Tbnr nonp P^ fuAUa ptmhus. Their hall 
. k that of the Sirpoencn. 
^ COA© JtJTRDj^ a (hchdperwithano. 
nii^ ^ * 


CO^TA'NEOUS (AMPftfMM, L.) which 
Hvea in the fame age with one. 

COiS&TER'VAL {etseternas, L,) cocter- 
nal, equally eternal with another. 

CO^'NOUS {ec^tu, L.) of the fame 
ag!e with soother. 

COACULA'TION (in Cbymit^Writcn) 
is ezpreiTed by thefe chaiaaers, H £. 

COACULUM, wteit ever ftrvcv to join 
things together, X. 

,COAL'TERN {ualtmm, L.) redpracal, . 
mutual, by tuma. 

tOAT {cctta, lul. C9ttt, F.) a garment • 
wore commonly uppermoft ; alfo the oot6da^>> 
of fruit : alfo a thin covering laid or dono 
over a« acowering of fine mould, 6^f.. 

COAT (of co«, Sax, an hut or 'tottagB . 
fife.) de»dte that the place, towbiekk ia 
added, wat denominated firom a cottage, fiT^ . 
in that ^ace. 

COB, a foreign coin, the fameaf i PiaBtr* 

COBAL'TUM (in medieine) a-fotf of a 
mineral of A.Uackifli colour, and a canftkk 
quality i icconfifla pf fiiver andarftnick, ahd 
is, zi it were, the mother of it. 

COB'W,INONESSL(ofita*^r, Dan.) bun-* 

COCH, {in Doaort BUh) fiands for »e^. 
leare^ i. e. a fpoonful. 

COCHlNE'ELW)«i., aninfeft«ngen<fttd 
in the fruit o a flirub five or fix fctt high, 
called *r<mna j there are whole planutionc in 
Guatimala^ and other parts of the Sf>amjbr 
H^eft Indits 5 on the top of the firuit grows a 
red flower, whkh, when mature, falls on tfa« 
fruit, which opening difcovers a clift two or 
three inches dianfeter. The fruit then ap. 
pe^rs full of little red iofefh, having wings of 
a furprizine fmallnefs. The Jndiam fpread 
a cloth under the tree, and fliake it with 
poles, till the infeda are forced to qvit their 
lodging, and fly about the tree, but not being- 
able to do it long, they tumble down dead in- 
to the cloth. 


(in Mitba^ 
nicks) a fcrew, 
one of' the 
fix mechanical 
powers I It is a 
flrait cylinder 
furrowed fpi- 
ral^wifcj if the 
furrowed far*- 
face be convex, 
and female 
fcrew. Where 
nootionis to be 
generated, thfS 
fcrew are al- 
ways joined ; . j ♦ 
that is, whenever the ftcyw is tajbe iiled as a. 

P 4 • ^ Digitized by VjO\ fi^pl« 


firrfple eltglne'W mechanical power, VBeh 
jcined with an axis ia Peritr«cbi0, tbcvs is no 
occaiioo fair a female } but. in that cafa it be- 
comes part of a (6n) pound eogioe. 

COCHIKEEL (7rtf/a- ira red berr^scwnr. 
ingio jlmeric^, found i^- a froit, refemblhig 
tTttt of the tubintfl'tret -^ Hma 5 the firft 
i^oti produce » yellow' flower, the point 
' wbtito^' when Hpc, opent with a cleft of 
three or four inches. Thia fnait it full of 
k;<^nel9 cr cr;^n«. which MX at the le«ft af i- 
tafioD| which the 7nd am ca'cfulhr gather up ; 
eight or. tea of theie f.uits yieldi about $n 
mmcc of grain. 

• TJMa-.bextf yields a dye almoft a< beauti^l 
9s that of the ii.£i&, a&d is <b like, that a 
perfof» ipayjeafily be deceived in t^iein. 

CO'QHJUEA' (jirthiuattf*) a win4iog 
ftair^taie* < •; 

COCiC (cocc. Sax. ^.F.) the male ^ the 
h^e ( a demflftk£ iowl, remarkable for ^ 
gaUaatiyy pride and coerage. 

Tni«.M^« «* th' ^me^ 
That B«rce aik for v^tj or whom, lihty 

But tarn Via o}^^ and Ae# *em bat a ^, 
Cry liberty, and d|at*i a caufe of quai^el. 
Bry^. Spin/Fry^' 
Tbie caretol hen 
. CalU all he^ chirping ftmHy around^ 
. FedW^tfejidedbythefsarlersMriC.' 
... , Ti>omfin*s Spring, 

%m The male of any foiall birds 1 3. a fpout 
t9 let out v^ater sit will, by turning the flop : 
4. thic we^rberoocky thiit fheW^ the dxred^ion 
if the wji d,by turning : ^. the notch of th 
arrow i i, the part of the lotjc of a ^n that 
Aricks vfith the flint : 7. a con||Utf or t a lea- 
^pff ^ govemin^mah. 
Sjly icliQolmafter caird me a dunce M a 

Botat Ctt0s I was always the e^ck of the fchool. 
.^ ... Swffti 

A COCIC {H$*r9g/yphica/iy) fignified a no- 
ble difpofition of min^ there being no bird of a 
snore geneirbus a^d undaunted courage at the 
tfghtef imminent danger. 

COCK-FIGHTING, the original of this 
fport ia i2id to be derived frooi the jftheniam, 
on the following occafion t when TbetitifioeUt 
wa9 marching his army a^ainft th(e P*rfians, 
he by the way cfpying two coc*« fighting, 
caofed. his army to brhold them, and madi^ ^e 
following fpeech to them : Btkoktibfpt do mt 
^hthr their houjlold-^s, fir tbt m^Humentt 
of lieip anceftors^ norfor^kry^ nerfirH^ty, 
aw for tbefafjy •f tbttr cbUdren j kut oiiiy U' 
tmnf/the one xoift not gi * tMy to tBe otbir. 
This, fa encoiragcd the Q/^iam, that they 
fought flrenuOufly and obtained the vift6ry over 
the. Terfiini j upon v. Hivh coi k figt^Kg was by a 
parfi^uJar law ordained to be annoaiiy prattled 
hy the AthemartTt and Itrrrce was the original 
of this {po»t in E0^/anH dttivei,^ 
• COeiCs4:0BiB (BiOoAyy the Jicrb aUb 

c o 

called ydRow'rat^le-gnrf. 

COCK-LOFT (prob. of w, KgB, ahrMf 
Hcb. a roof) an upper loft oc garret. 

COCK'ISH (of (oci) uppifh. 

COCK'ISHNESS, uppi/hnefa. 

COCQy£T> a beao, a gallant, anamo- 
rofo o: genera] lover; alfo a wanton maideh> 
who keep* feveral lovers in fi^^eoce, ]^, 

COiy DY (coffcVf » ^^'j having pods or 
ihells, as peas» beans, &«.. 

CODE (of €odex a book, of eaudex' the* 
trunk or timber of a tree^ beuofe tl>e' 
books of the anttents were made of wood^ 
and tlieir leaves were fomething like our table 
books} a volume or book. 

CODE (nmorg Lawyers) a certain book or 
volume Of'tlis ahtieiit Ji»ma» law. In old tiixie^ 
tite picas and aof^>'ers of the lawyera were 
in Icofc fcrolls or flicets of parchment or paper. 
Thefc the eipperor Juflinian having collefled' 
and:, coippiled into a 'book> called it Coefex, 
and ever5nce this book by way 0^ eminence 
has been called the Me, abd is accounted the 
fecdhd' volume of the Momam ciigl law» uA 
contain! twelve bookf> 

The matter of it, efpeeially as to tlci 
firft eight books, ia pretty near the iame witH 
tlie Vtgfjfsj but in thefe things it dififerf, i . 
As to the Aile^ which is not (o pore. a. fta 
method is not fo accurate as that of the Di- 
g^s. y In thst it difcufles matters of mofe 
common ofe j whereaa the more ab/^rufe and 
fubfle qoeflions of the law' are dilcuis*d iik tho 
Dig0s, and there are the opinions of the 
ancient lawyers upon them> and fo odntaint 
more polite^ fine witty arguing, than ^nft 
to the generality of mankind. 

And for this reafon JvJ?imem composed the' ' 
(Wr, becaufe he found tUa Dig^s in many 
places too fine and fdbtle fl>r common nfef 
and alfo very defe^tve and 2mperfe£l» as not 
deciding many cafes that did daily occcur. 

This Code wat compiled from the asfwera 
and determinations of c6 emperors and their 
councils^ many of whxh were learned and 
lilcilful lawyers, as the famous Popimanus and 
fome others^ from the time of the emperor 
Airion tn Jvfliniafit^i own time. And ia 
t^is Code there are abundance of thi<ig« fuUy 
and diftin^Iy determined* which before were 
either oniitted or too briefly handled- 

The Theodofiaw CODE, is of good nfe to 
explain the other Code^ which cannot well be 
underflood without it. This wai held in great 
efleem, and was ufed In the wcilern paiu of 
£ur6pe fct fevera] hundred years, aa Mr. 
Selden relates, after that law wak in a man- 
ner difufed and forgotten ; but now the 7lee« 
dofian Code is alfo grown much out of ofe. 

CODOSCE'LiS (according to Fal/opimi) 
venereal buboes In the groin. 

COE'CtTM (Anatomy) thtWitii gat, the 
firft of the thick inteftines^ fo called becau/e 
made Ukc a fackj having but jdsc aperture* 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC which 

c o 

VBKB ltT9ti n for both totrfcticc irt tmt^ Mr* 
GOefrrtSlBNCy (of ctefttensr L.) tke 
or Wngmg to pals togtithdir with 

OOEFFI'CIENTS (in jtfgthta^ nrnam- 
Ifttfndb'd tBi Ictm^ctf IfkiMtr hixo ^liich 
thi^ ve fvpfoMto be mairi^lidd : tnd'tliem* 
Ibie vltli /och letteri or ^irftft m ^Oatitltles 
jcpfcfeftied by them^ tbey make a re£taz;|l^ 

■oAe, diofl &i inr^iar ttef the qutotitiot' 
uihtfa rf fi by^ «i ate muldpUetf ibtofbo oAei- 
OK tf , aaid thac oot of thcfenw tbc iMtbfeigle 
or aradiift ftal^is fbrmisd. 

OOIBXIA (iU(X(ii> Of. .itfkvf^) fi];t)ific» 0113^ 
IM oi #rigiiiol cafvity in on Milmal body ; 
atbuMB tf leatfef hm»i in tjlo cMdtiw or wdn^ 
ten of tbe body, are called Caeliae AftOimt^ 

COS'LtACK (of «NfU»^ tb^ bcUyV of or 
Mbb^ » die belly. 

COiLlACK. ^t^<«^ m dianrhaM, «r Hovy 
tkatarUes Irom the indtgeftioii orpotreAaien 
offcoi IB Uwftomocli andbov^cJBf wheraby 
dheafiaaoie coaMi Hhy little akicMll ftoih^ 
vbat It «»t vkin «ateD> or oHtngcd lUlo coo* 
iipccdftinkmgftft. Mm*. 


^cavicyoF the ey^io«n4*tbe cottier, JU 

COEMPTION (eMmffth, L.)tlieaaof 
VtfBg Dp the whole quantity cf any fhing. 

MoaapcMtM and eitmptiw 6f ware» fbr re- 
file, where they ut Aot refraintd, are great 
mam to enrk&. Bactn't SJayM. 

COBNOTA'PHIVM 7 (of »M-, emp- 

CEKOTA'PiHuif 5 tf, and i^'f^^, 
a fipalchfc\ gn emoty tomb or monament 
ended ID hosoor of fone illaftrloiis perfon 
dtoraaftd, wko penOht In flupwrecby bottle, 
•r the fike, his body coald not be found to be 
dHafiiBd OI it. 

COEQJJaL'ITY 7 (of cMfualft^ L.) a 

COE^ALNESSf bemg e<|iial with. 

To COERCE fcoerce9, L.) to reftrain | to 
http ui onler by ft roe^ 

ForfDments are manifold ; that ffaey may 
dver this profijfate Ibrt. 

Afliffft Pm€rg9it, 

COERCIBLE, that may be nftrained ; 
1h«t oofht to be rdlrab^d. 

COERCION, penal reflraint $ check. 

Gorenunent has streion and animadver- 
EanopaB fach wa neglect their duty $ withoot 
whkh c^ttehH power, aU goveroment is tooth- 
laft and pfecarioot. South'* s Sermmts, 

COERCIVE. 1. That which has the 
pnwcr of la|jn| reftramt 1 t. that which has 
the authority of reftraining by punUhment. 

The Tiitve of a magiftrate or general, or a 
Ung^ areprodence, coonfel, active ibrtifiude, 
mtrdve power, awfol oommand, and the 
tserdfe i flsagnanimity, as well as jnfti^e. 
Dryden't Jwv, Dedicatiom* 

OOERCIVENESS (of oirftn, L.) com- 




COESSENTIAL'ITy 5 fmia, L.) thff 
bdng of the ftme eflenoe widw 

CO'ETA'N£OUSN£SS(ofcwimd mmf 
the being of the fame ayrwith; 

COEtER-NALNESS 7 MiHtmnml, F.) 

COETER'NITy $ ^^ ba°S et»>ial 

COSVAL^TY, the tei]«g of the iam 

COEXlS'TSNGE(of«0isaod'««$?ii«f^L.) - 
the exiftiegat the ikme time wMl, 

COOS, the teeth of a mUlwwhoelytlfite fort 
ofboat tA^ on the river Bumker, 

CCGENCY 7 (of cifffm, t.) thA 

CO'GENTNESS5 bdng cogent or ooA- 

COO-rPA'TIOW (S«W.the Cmefisns) 
wfaaterera man expeiiimetaui himlbH^ and of 
whicb hejB odnibiooei as all -the 0|ierMlons of 
the nnderftanding,. wiU,. ImaginntkNi and 

COGNA'TIOK, kindred, nllliilty, al- 

COAomZANCE(^taiifi^fl«i, F.#^'«V, 
L.) knowledge. 

ing>man, or watermaii*8 fleev^ Aewing that 
be belongs to a particoiar mafier or foaety. 

GCCNIIABI.B {ofcimmifiibU, F. ^a^ 
ncfeire, X.) that may be known $ alio tltat 
Aiay be liaUe to the oenfam of the law. 

CO«GRITAJL> XfNr (FartiJScMtio^ t line 
drawn froth the angle of the centte to that of 
the baftiori. 

COHAB^ITANT, one who hihablti wkk 

COHAB^TANCE (of ttUNmn, L.) a 
cohabiting or dwelling with. 

COHE'RENT Difc^urfit, era inch difceor* 
fat in which there is a coanetion and agrees 
ment between their parts. 

COflERE^KT Pr9pofiti9iu, foch liiat have 
fome relition or ai)|ifeemenc the one with the 
other. . ««F ^ 

CONB^TV^ENBSS (of eebitnn, L.) co* 
hefive quality. 

COIN'CIDEKCB \(»iMidnti£,LA > 

COlK'cmENTNESSr a fallinger jump- 
ing together. 

'CO'KER, a boat-man or water-mail. 

COCKERS, fiiheim^s beats. 

To CO'LAFHIZC (<»A[y*ns*, t. of 
M•^aV?<^ Or.) m bsdfet. ' : 

COLirNESS (ceal^bneixe^ Ss».) the be- 
ing cold or 4)naHty of eol^. 

COLDNESS Potemiaiy ik a telatite ontl}> 
ty, which plants, &c« are fuppofed to nave. 
Thus a plane is faidto be €o!d h»the iecond « 
or third degree ; not that it is actually cold to 
the touch ; boe in iti eflbcta or operatiooi> if 
uk^ii inwardlyt 

To COLLATE {ionfiro, eoHotm^ t.) 1* 
To compttc one thing of the lame kU4 with 


c o 

another : 2. to collate booksy to ezaaine if 
aetfaing be n^Mttiag : 3. with /•. To place io 
a^'ecclefiifti^l benefice. 

COLLATERAL (am and Ititia, L.) 1. 

Thot iaying^ from hit ndiaiit feat he ro&> 
Pfhifiirvttr/efv/ glory. 

': Mill. Par. up, b. X. 1. 86. 
2* Ronabg parallel : 3 . diffa&d on either fide. 
Bwt man \fy number it to maaiftft 
His fiogle isnperre£tioi| ; and beget 
Like of hk Uke» his image muldpkd ; 
In oaicydefeAive, which reqoirea 
Cflttuaw ]ove, and deareft amity. 

4^. In gCDealogy^ thofe that ftaftd ifl equal re- 
^tioQ to iiMDO common anceftor i f • not di- 
Tt€t, not immediate: 6. concurrent. 

COLLATERALLY, fide by fide, indi. 
re^y in collateral svlatioiu 
' By aiTertiog the fcripttira to be the canon 
of .our fiiith^.Ihave created two enemies: 
the Papift^ more dire£l!y, becaufe they have 
kept the fcfipttoresfrom «s» and the Fanaticks 
more colUteraily, becaufe they have afliamed 
what amoi^ts to an m£illibUity in the pritate 
fpirit. Bryden, 

COnLLAT'ERAL (ift(;r^rtf/J^Unyplacey 
coontjfy, &r^, fituate by the ode of another. 

COLLATERAL Pointi (in Qfmagfofby) 
are the lotermediate points, or thofe between 
.the. cardinal points. 

Primary COLL ATERAL JPsifffi, are fuch 
•as are removed by an equal angle on each fide, 
fiom.pftQ cardinal points. 

Secendari COLLATERAL Points^ are 
/either. thoK which arc equally .diftant ^om a 
cardinal and firft primary ; or equally diftant 
/ro(dr fome tarduial or primary, and firft fe- 

COLLATERAL Defitnt^ is fpringing out 
.of the fide of the whole blood, as grand- 
father's brother, &c, 

COLLATERALS (in QeneaUgy) are fuch 
relations as preeted from the fiime ftock, but 
^oot in the fame line of afcendants or de^en- 
^ants ; but being as i^ were afide of iach other. 
Thus uncles, aunts, nieces, coufins, are colla- 
ftcraJs, or in the oollateral line. 
. COLLA'TIOfl (in a Ugit^Senfe) a com- 
parinsc one thing well nith another. 

CdU^ATIOI^ (ift C$nm9^ lavf) the com. 
parifon or reprelcAtatioo of a copy to its .eri- 
ginaj, to fee whether they are at. ke ; alfo the 
report or a^'of the cftcera who made the 

COLLECTION (^fith jt^i«4«) an iiifc- 
Jtact Off conolnfi^n. 

CoLLE'GATARVfG'viVLtfw) a perfoa 
to whom A legacy is left in common with one 
or mere perfvos. 
. COLLIER IES« ceal-mioes. 

COLLlCAmON, a gathcrinf or tying 
vp togethe», Z... 

COLLINGATJQN, a leTeUing at, or aim- 

c o 

m^ to hit (he mark, L. 

OaLLIQyANT'(c«^^Mi^ L.) confiUB-: 
log, wallingr 

To COLLK^ATE (eollifuatum, L.) toi 
mdt, coi»(umo or waAe* 

COLLIQyATIVENESS (oltoUiftatnmt, 
L») waftingnefs, confiimingqda. ' 

COLLK^EFACTIQK, ai mating down. 

To COLLOCATE fof e^ffocatttm, L.) to 
pkce, to let, to appoint to a 'place. 

COLLOCimON, a talking together, JL. 

CO'LON (with jtamts) k one of the thick 
guts, and the largeft of all, being im leRStfa 
about flight or nine hands breadth, and rail 
of little cella, fometimes fiuffcd with vrind 
and other matters, which caufe paina of tke 

COL'ONEL LfWcMMf, one who com- 
mands a regiment of guards, whereof the king, 
prince or other perlbn of the firft eminence is 
colonel. "* 

Lituttngfn COLONEL, is the fecond offi. 
oer in the regiment, who is the captam, acd' 
commands in the abfence of the colonel. 

LimttnaMt COLONEL of horfe or dra- 
goons, is the firft^ captain of the regiment. 

COLOPHONrA (with Cbymifts, of xa- 
X«f»iF, Qt.) the tap of a thing, thte chief, the 
end. If, the c^fut monuum^ or grofs fobfiance 
of turpentine, the mora liquid part beb( dif- 
tilled into oil. 

COLOPHONIA refina^ a kind of rofin 
ifluijig out of the pine tree. 

COLORISATION? {in Pbarfnaty) the 

COLORA TION 5 changes of colour 
which bodies undergo, by the various opera- 
tions either of nature or art, as by calcinations^ 
co^iions, &r. 

COLOSSUS, a ftatue of pfodigiotts fise at 

COLOUR {eolor^ L.) i. The appearmce 
of bodies to the eye only, hue, die. 

It is a vulgar ide| of the colwn cf folid bo> 
dies, when we perceive them to be a red, a 
blue, or green tindtur^ of the forfine $ but a* 
philoibphical idea, when we confider tfic va* 
rious c^lourt to be different fenfatioos, excited 
in us by the refraftcd rays of light, refieAed 
on our eyes in a difierent manner, accordfaig 
to the diftercnt fiae, or fliape, or fitoation of 
the particles of >»hicb the futfacea of thole 
bodies are compofed. JVaut^i Logick. 
2. The frdhneis, or •appearance of blocd iq 
the hcc : 3. the tint of the painter. 

When each bold figure juil begins to live,; 
The treacherous colours the fair airt b^ray. 
And all the bright creation fiidea away. 

P0f>e'8 Ej: 0/>- 

COLOUR, is defined robe the different mo- 
difications of the rays of Mght, which excite 
in us the fcnfacton, by which we diftioguiflk 
things, and call them red, yellow^ green, Uue, 

COL'OVR'(^^^<r'j ^A^i I quality inheicnt 

Digitized by VjOv tO 


mmtanA bodici, whjch are iud to U feand 
k calo oa ed : as others define a>lo«r, an acd- 
Asat chat happens to thein Vy the refle£tkn 
tf iilht: alio coiBplcaoa> looks 3 alfo pre- 
lEBce or fliew* 

COLOUR (in PJkih/i^) a property lahe- 
aeat ta %hc, whcrcbyy aocofding to the dif- 
fmeat files or inagnitades of its parti> it ex- 
dba dificrcot vibtationa » the fibres ot the 
sfKidk aacv«, which being propagated to the 
pajtnm, affea the mind with dilFeKnt fen. 

COIXKTR 9f0fia (taw Phtaft) an evil 
tto^ft act done by the ooantenancc of of- 
fise or anthotity* 

OOL'OU&ING (•widi Painters) the oMn* 
■rof applying and condncting the colours of 
a pictare, or the aiixtnre of lights and iha- 
daws fimM by the varioos oolours einploy*d 

tSofhtical COLOURS (according to the 
Mteft Nmti^mi Pbihfefbi) are, as they term 
thra, thofie apparent coloors freqaeotiy feen 
SB tlie cloods, belbre fon-rifiog or after its 
fittb| ; the colooas that appear in the ratn- 
Wa, ^e, theie they will not allow to be true 
coioois, hccawfe they are not permanent or 

Flrid^ COLOURS, are fmall flags of about 
ofiMCand aiha.'f fiiuarc, canied along with 
tbe faarler-nuilar general, 'for marking oot 
the inaud of the fi|aadrons and ^Italtoas* 

OOL'OURABLENESS, plaofiblencfii. 

00LT3.FOOT [Betan^ an -herb goodtn 
Cficaapcn of the longs, &e, 
^ 'COLTEit (coleojl. Sax,) a piece of 
im belonging to a plough, that cuts the 

COLUBRTNE {jnUnum, L.) of or belong- 
■g tad iopcnt, Jifo wUy, cra%. 

COtaJMIBNE {eohimhimus, %) />f, Hke 
er pertBBMng to a pigeon* 

COLUMN (almmaa, £.) a round t>iller to 
beer op or beautify a building | or for a mo- 
anoMar of fomc notable event. 

COLlfMN (in Arcbittffure) in a ftria 
ftifeh that long, rou id cylinder, or part of 
e filUr, whkh is called the Jhaft or tmak^ 
anl contains the body of it from the fpfie to 
Che bafe, er Irom the aftragal of the bale to 
the cbapitcss. 

Jmfcaa COLUMf^, is the fliortail and mod 
Aapbaf all the columns, its height, aecord- 
ing to Seaatuuu^ is 15 modules, to Vitru^ 
mat^9fc. 14. 

X>arfr COLUMN, is (bmething mow dcU- 
ctte, its height from 14 to 15 modules, and 
is a <arn t d with fintingt, 

CmmUam COLUMN, 4s the richeft and 
mA delicate of all » its height is 29 n^ules, 
hic4pftsl is adorned with two rows of leaves, 
Oid with cauikales, from whence volutes do 

imck COLUMN, is more delicate than 
^Ihtk, it$ heifhc is 17 ^r « 8. modules^ It 

c o 

is diAingtiiAed from the reft •by the volutes la? 
its capital, and by its bafe. 

Com^fie COLUMN, its height is 19 and 
a half, or ao modules, it has two rows of 
leaves is its capital like the Corinthian, and ' 
angular vobtes like the Imick. 

COLUMNS ( Mil, Art) n a long fileorrow 
of troops, or. of the baggage of an army in its 

COLUMN (with Pritdtrt) is a part of a> 
page divided by a line, as the pages in this 
book are into two columm, and others into 
three, four, &c. 

Cylindricai COLUMN, a column that haa 
neither fwelling nor diminution. 

Aitie COLUMN, a pilatter infulated, hav- 
ing four e^al fkesor fides, and of the hig^ieit 

Angular COLUMN, is an infulated eelomn 
placed in the coin or <oroer of a portico, or 
inferted into the corner of a building. 

DwhUd COLUMN, is an aiTemblage of 
two columns, joined in fuch a manner, as that 
the two fhal^ penetrate each other with a 
third ot their diameter. 

FufiUe COLUMN, is a column made of 
ibme metal or matter caft. 

iTirJr/iir/iV^CObUMN, a column from the 
top of which a jtt d* eau proceeds, to whjdi 
this capital ferves as a bafoa, whence the wa- 
ter defcends by a little pipe, which turns fpi« 
rally around ^he fhaf^,. 

MonUed COLUMN, is one made by im- 
paftation of gaaval and flints of divers coloont, 
bound together with a cement, whkh growa 
perfectly ^hard and receives a poIiA like mar- 
bk. . 

TraHffartnt COLUMN, a coIuflMi made 
of fome trinfparent alabafter, &c, 

Wattr COLUMN, one whofc fhafl is 
formed of a Iaige/«f d* eaa^ which fpouting 
oot water forcibly from the bafe, drives it 
within the tambour of the capital, which is 
made hollow, thence falling down again^ it 
has the effect of a li<)ttid chryftal column. 

COLUMN of Joinery J is made of ftrong 
timber boards, joined, glued and pinnsd toge^ 
ther, is hallow turned in the lath and ufu Jly 

Ineruftated COLUMN, is miAt of fevera! 
ribe or thin fliells of fine marble or other rare 
flons, cemented upon a mold of flone, brick 
or the like. 

Aftrtmmicd COLUMN, a kind of ob- 
fervatoiy in form of an -Ugh tower, built 
hollow, and with a fpiral afcrnt to an ar- 
miliary fpheve, placed at the top fortakinig 
obfervations ^i the courfes of the heaveoly 

CarcUtick COLUMN, Is one that is adorn- 
ed with folbge^for leaves, or branches turned 
fpiral y arouim the (hift j or in crowns and 

Dirmmjhei COLUKfN, is one that begins 
to taper or dimin'uTi trom ibe bafe in i mi- 
Digitized by Go( •*■"<>" 

C Q 

Cantmed COLUMNS, aK'focli di ut^tn- 
^fcd in the iomr ccmen oi a fijuare pUUr, to 
/ttpport fbnr fpringt of an ardi. 

Qmpkd COLUMNS, art fuch as aae dif- 
pored bv two and MM, fo as almoft to too^ 
cachotAor at their hafcsand capitals. 

CirtftohgieaJ COLUMNS, are fuch as bear 
ibmc liiftorical infcription^ digefted acoardios- 
10 the fBtdcr of tkbe. ' 

GemitMttd COLUMK» a oblMus wboia 
ftaft ia.fonned of .\bnt fiaul«r and. equal fides 
or ribs of ttone, fitted within oite another^ 
udtftflewd at the^bottom withinmpiD>> and 
at the top with cramp-ifons. 

COLUMN ^Mafimryt h nade of rough 
tMKWeii iaid aad ooloorfd imth plaifter, or 
of bricks moulded triangular-wife and co- 

C;OIAJMK with TmnAmn, is one whaie 
fliaft is farmed of favcfal courfes nf IbBne or 
Uodea of »atble» lelshigh than the diamaXer 
of the column. 

COLUMN «a7rvorAMM, co^fts of three, 
four or five pieces of f tone or melal, diffecioc 
fiom the umbouBi, beiog higher than the 
diameter of the cohian. 

rtmt4i COLUMN, is one whole Aaft is 
ffdomad with flutes or chaoueltings, either 
from 1^ to bottom^ or only two thirds of its 

Fitutd COLUMN mri€M, a column 
wihofe ^^tiRgs are fiijod up with ornaoants 
of foUagfs, finds, abhandsj (Sc. ioftead of 

OihUd qOLUMNJS, are fuch aa have fvo- 
jectures in form of cables in the naked of Jhe 
Aaft> each cabk having, an ^ect oppofiie to 
a fluting, and accompanied with a Mttle lift 
on each fide* 

CaUid aadfuttd COLUMN, one whofc 
flutes are filled up with cables, reeds or ftavcf , 
beginning from the bpttom of the fbaft, and 
fcaching one third of its. height. 

O^/ COLUMN, a column of an enor- 
flBOut fiae, too Jarge to enter any ordonnance of 

(htbidt COLUMN, a round pUlar that is 
either tooihort for iu bulk, or too (lender for 
its height. 

Hermttick COLUMN, a fort of pihfter in 
manner of a Ta^minnSt hating the head of a 
man inftead of a capiul. 

Hifimemi COLUMN, is one whofe fliaft ia 
adorned with a hmjo reiievo, running. in a 
Ipiral line its whole length, and containing the 
Jbiftory of fooie great perioaage. 

Mivw COLUMN, is one that has a fpirtl 
fuir-cafe oa the in fide .or the convcniency o^ 
afcending to the top. 

hdiutiv* COLUMN, one which (erves 
to ihew the tides, QTc. along the fea-coafts. 

ItiMermry COLUV;N, a column erecctd in 
the ctofs ways, in large roads, h.9Am% feveral 
faces, whi^h by the iafo^ptkiitt UKi% U) Oiew 

c o 

X4iR^i:0I>UMN, aaoIfinoiB ^licfo. 
markct^t A«mr, having « cavity in iupedeftul 
where young shiJdreo. wore put, .being aban* 
dooed hy their;(tarjuiu aichar out of .poverty 
or inhumanity. 

L^ml COLUMN, a column^uheroosi the 
funda«kea(al Jaws of the ftau WCR e&gsuvca« 
Umifrtpkmt QOLUMH* one that flwwa 
ihje boundiMttd limits of a countc|r cooqvcifld* 
2;iMi/iMriCOLy MN,ajLindorcoittai& foKmu 
ed on a ^jindrifial frMne.monntfid.afid covc^ 
Of er with oiled paper, &c, fo that lights beiag 
difpoied in saJlJca over eauh other, tbe wbole 
appeals tobQ0o.ftre. 

Msnubiarj COLUMN (of mamhi^, zL. 
fpoHs of an ,«Bftmy)a column .adomod vrith 
trophies in iapiution of tiees, on svhidi the 
antientH hung the fpotlsof the .enemy. 

iUMMW CQLUMN> «are two coiunisa in 
the middle of a porch, whofe iotietcohuiDva- 
ttonauw larger than the ceft. 

Ph^t^kfrtfol COLUMN, a hollow coliMMb 
or a iKht-hottle built on a rock or the tipof J 
mole» Ijo i«rve as a lantean to the port. 

A^MSriW COLUMN, <a ooluma raiCad m 
account of .any reourkaUc <s>ent. 

Milfi^ COLUMN, one thatia too.ADrt 
for the order whofe capital it bean. 

|{^«K«/COLUMN,.a tolumnj^dttnodwith 
beaks or.proy» «f flups, and. galleys wsthaa- 
chors and gnpnels ; erected to prcfeno ihe 
moDMry 9f fome notable fea-fight. 

StftM^ COLUMN, a column, oected 
OQ a Ipmb or fepuichfe, with an infiopcioa 
on iu bafe. 

SmMsry COLUMN, one which fuppoRsa 

^jai^M/ COLUMN, a column repvefiait- 
ing ^Npu fa'ti(fiuiar country by fooae .utttihutB 
peculiar to it, as i^Fkmr-de-bsfattgrmftM. 

GtytfffdCqUiUHS, arc/uch as.utu,pbcM 
on the fame pisdeftal or foek, either by J. and 
3, orby4aod4. 

G^mcmdkQOLUMtif acyiinderoa.whkJl 
the hour of the day is rcprefented by the fta« 
dow of e (tyle. 

i^ith'd COLUMN, is o^e whofe fliaft an- 
un with Jbaifafii diameter inio a. wall, which 
is hollowed for its reception. 

P4^iw/ COLUMN, ouotheiihafc of whkh 
IS formed in imitation of a tiuuk.of a tioc, 
with barkaaod knots. 

Pad^^Mlai COLUMN, OM tfaa^aaicfe. 
ral fidea or fares. 

0-osi COLUMN, one whofe ibaR Jsua.a 
flatneii ; the plan being ma^ ovul to 
reduce the.projecture. 

FaoMiW COLUMN, oue which bean aa 
urn. In which the afhes of fome deceafad he- 
ro are fiippofed to be indoied ; and the Ihalc 
.of which-is 6>aietimes o*ec(f>sead with tcsHS 
or ibmes, i»htch arefymholaof iuncow oni 
immortality. , 

hjmed COLUMN, h one that is attach^ 
I toAwaUbya third or Iv^ith nrt. oi tta.di- 
i«n«er. Digitized by GoOgk I^mimttd 


'i^AuicaiVlAS, one titet IbAlsfree 
«ad 4(cack*d oa all iilct from aaar other 

J^pMtfntf eOLUMK, a«olamnfbnncdof 
^knt ftifeott twilled fDgetl4r« cke hadi of 
%taich fiarre as • capittl. 

SmM COLUMN, ii one wUch liat t 
WJ^ng or Airclliag in proportiao to the hsigbt 

T«^ COLUMN, ii wiewhoCt 4«f^ it 
f»UM mond m manner of a ftpew, urith 
Ac draimtoltttions, and ii ibr the mo* part 
of tbe C^rmrhim order. 

'IwgijMfiMi COLUMN, b A ooloitan 
vliole Sates follow the co tour of tke ihaft 
fe I l^inl liflit tkrottghoot the whokkngth. 

COLUMN twjkd^mnd inritifd, is a coloinB 
of which one third of its ihaft is floted, and 
Iha reft adoned with branchei and other in- 

frimmfkii COLUMN (among tlie Af€itmi\ 
% colwBB ocdod in hoooar of a hero | of 
irindl the j<4nta of the Aoncs or oourfes were 
afaaed with at many crowns as he had made 

Z^ftwidt COLUMN (of (mfi^, Gr. 

hs ai i ii g ftilB|«ittatoreB) a ftatoaiy column, 

«B vhkh thcfigore of feme animal is |Jaeed. 

COM ) (of the BririA woid kum, which 

COia^£p^S6B Jowjatthebegiiuilngof 

eOMF ) ttte name or a place, intimatts 

iSat the pCsce Aaodr low, at C«Bir«« or Casif - 


COMnntA^nontfShiiiktitfiT, the minj 
iMal ways chat may be taken i& any nom- 
kar ef ^MUfciei, ^thaut having any refpeft 
ta thch places. 

CmmHATlOn {vijtUbmiti€k) is the 
vt el inftng how m9hy diffeient ways a ctr- 
ttlrilfea oMibtr of thing! miy l» ntM, 
trulenby i, and i, i, and 3, Qfc, And 
lias Aecoihlfeahffbiii df th«24)tbeioof (he 
^ftMj Afif tahoa a Vy a^ ani f by ^, and 
ft ta^ hat .beta catMlmIr w to >199X7«> 
#o> n$, 7*5, 999>4A^ W8.493J 4o»*a«>o 
1)9 adUioiB of mittions of mttlfens| and (h* 


ftbfei and thetdbre whatever paioB h fiem^ 
pound, whaterer time abo^re wbat is oecefl^ry 
for the reprefentation, whaterer fcana is r«T 
moved from.oiie ftreet to inocher, or one hoofe 
Id another, breah the rolcfy of aye agaihft na« 

That whicbdiftingnii&es ^r comick poetry 
frool all othen, aod gtvet it the -ftdvaaugi 
oter both the anchsnn and modems, is hn* 
t&our, which Mr. Dryden thtis d«£ncs. 

It IS the ridiculous extravagance of confer* 
ration,, wherein one man djffcrt 60m aU o« 
Some hAre ianoed that the excellence of 

Comedy confifcs in the wit of it j others con- 
fine it to the intrigue, and turns ot incidents ; 

and Othan to the humours But indeed the 

excellence lies in the juft mixture of the whole* 
COMELINESS, gracefolnefs, bcauteonf« 

COMtt (hi tiers/dry) m Ge/7/r«f fays* it 

not of an orbicular Ibrm as 0- 

therceieftial natures are; but 

protiaas its light at length like 

a beaid, or rather dihtci it in 

iCi.gth like an hairy buA, and 

thence grow uper- wife like the 

tail of a fox. That it confaA* its matter or 

fobftance Irom a flimy exhahitmo, and waa 


CdMBIlTATION (in Uw) h the entdr^ 
ii| €f Stftnl perfoos intd a confpiraty, to 
^ m fn6lice $Mi0 onta^fftil dellgfe. 

COMBUSTTIBLCNfeS^ (of oMl^ilh, 
I.) tftaeft to take ire or bom. 

CO^DJOGllAPHy (of »/UiiK« and 
9tif«,Tlr. a deTcriptkm or wntiog} the write- 
ioa tf oMB0rfi#A 

COM'EDY (of ai/iito, a vilhtge, and ^, 
^fcagj bacaiofe ooffiediei were firft acted in 
ttmny villages) is an agreeable repreftntatkm 
^ dM aOioaa of hnnuui life. It is reckoned 
Vettftha great poetry on account of iti end, 
iWiia Mraction aa WeU at pleafore. For 

rbe lan|h*d out of their h\ 

Ba, than leat oot or them ; and therefbra 
^nakf win arrive at the end of drutoatick 
fefejfboq« than tragiedy* The three^ont- 
^ataftioB, tine and place are rciaifiteia 

not Originally m the creation \ nor is nomber*d 
among natural things mentioned in the hif- 
tory of GtHifii \ hot is fomethtng preternatn • 
ml, And is piaeed with heavenly bodies, be« 
canfo they leedi tef be of their kind. Many 
are of opinion, that they prognofticate {head* 
tttl and horrible events. of things to come | 
but othen hold, that they are as much Aara 
as an]r other, aod only draw nearer to us at 
the tihie they appear, ind do not forebode 
any aoddenta whatfoever. The figure ao* 
nexed is axitre, a comet or blaaing-ftar ftream* 
login bend. Or, 

COM'ETS {eometti, L, of aoiuonio Or. Co 
called becfraft of their fignre, which ftema 
to be as it were hairy) are an imperfeS Aib« 
flanee, which coofilis of a thick fat vapour^ 
that is fuppoicd to be enkindled in the upper 
mgion of the air } they feem hairy or to ihcd 
hairs, efpteciaiiy on that fide which is oppofito 
to the fon, but after a various manner : fomo 
drag a tall after them, and are called CrinitB ) 
others have a long beard, and are called Bdr--' 
SttM I others appear fofflethihg in the ihape 
of a rofe, ha-viog thofe hairs fcattered round 
them ) others are in the ihape cf a fword, 
and are called Enfifawis, Comets compaf^ 
the whole earth in the fpace of 24 hour^ 
and are never of very long appearance. Tho 
comet of the longeft continuance that ever 
was in the world, was in the time of J^in, 
which was vifible^ibr fix months. 

COMfORTABLB, bringing Or predBciog 
comfort, refrefliing. 

COMTORTABLENESS (of *«w/irf, F.) 
picafaotaeA. refioOi/og ouality. 

Digitized by V3Uv 

- COMTO1lTtESS,beln|witIi^ comfort-. 
COM'FORTLBSNESS, the beintwith- 

CQMI'CALLV<of <wir>«^ F. «•«&», i") 
fkahnt\y, Willi mMs ^Tdl .. 

COMl'CALNESS, plea&ntnefi, «ftf. 
• COMITIA (amons the Mimam) an af- 
lcflib*y, either in the tmitium or tmpm 
BS^rtimt ibr the eleabn of mepftntes, or 
coofttlliDg of Other fanpoftant afiain of the 
ftare. , _ 

Fr«»f COMMANiyiNG Grnmd (in For- 
fifratitm) it a height or eminence opoofite^o 
^teofthepofty ana pbys ttpea the ftpAt 
of St. 

. J^wtrje COMMANDING Gr^wd, ia an 
eminence that can play opo© the back of any 

HSii//^ COMMANDING GraanJl is an 
CouHin COMMANDING Ground J cmi- 
fteoce. which whh its ihot iwcepi or fcours 
all the length of a ftrait tine* 

COMMATIRIAL'ITY. the qwUty of 
being of the lame matter drr. with another. 
' COMMEM'ORABLE {cmmemmahWh 
4«) worthy to be meotionei or remembered. 

To COMMEN'CE a borft (whh ttr/ir- 
frr<a) is to mitiate him in the manage, or to 
Mt htm to the talk. \tffotA in order to break 

ist, Im) worthy to be commended, 

COMMEN'DAM (in Uw) when a fciag 
Biakei a parfen a biAop, hit benefice it re- 
figaed by the promotion ; bot if he ia im- 
powered by the king Co retain his benefice^ 
then he lUll continuea to be parfon of it, and 
ii faid t» bold it in Cmmtmdim, 

G*^mttry\ are fuch as may bemcaTored by ofie 
■ftd the nme common meafaie. 

of the being of the fitme or equal ntafuic. 

COM'MENT ARIES (with Biflonsm) are 
hiftocies wriitea by thole perfons who had the 
greateCi hand or Aare in the a£Hans thmie* 
latedy wdefsr^tCommtntaria, 

COMMENTARIES, alio are fnch at fet 
forth a naked continuanee of the events and 
9/86001, widmit the motiret and defigns, the 
oouacilSf fpeeehty oc c a fi on s and pceteati, with 
other paffagei. 

iititts, L.) coooterfeitneft, forgadoefs. 
. COMMER'CIAL (of MiMwr^r,F. of «Mi» 
merdum, L,) of or pertatnhig to commerce or 

COMMINA'TOrY (of eoimiMri, Li) 
of ov-peruiniog to threatening. 
, COMMINU'TJON (with Swrtftns) is 
when a bone i« broken into many fmall parrs. 
* COM'U^^AKY c/fiota {in t^Uetay of-, 
fiirt) an officer of the artillery who has the. 
' '<har|[e of all the floret. . . 

COMMISSAR^Y /M/M(in miit^Af-^ 
fair^ Hi o&ctr beloogiog t^ibe aitillc.y vhc 

C Q vs 

hat the hifpedioii of the artOlery hetfetj, 
fee diem moftered* and to lend fuch orders s 
he faceivet ftom the coaiftaotfttg officer of 
the artillery, by fome of the eondoa o rt of 
horicSf of which he is allowed a certain mun- ■ 
ber for l|it affiftaats. 

' COMMIS'SIQN iepgmiffio,LA the avtho- 
rity or power, by vhtne of which one peribn 
tranfa£b bufineta for anothefy which is doii«. 
uihally, by deed or wiitiog duly executed. 

COMMISSON (in 7W«) fignifies botli 
the power of acting lor another, and alfethft 
premium or reward he is to Bave for his fo do* 
ing, which k dkaOy one half, i, a, 3^ or 
more pif CmH. 

COMMISSION, a warrant for an offic* 
or place } a charge to buy or to do any aft 
for another. 

COMMISSION, commiffioft-money, tks 
wages or reward of a fador. 

COMMITTMENT (of cmimtre^ F. raw-. 
mitttrt, L,) a bemg committed or pidered to 
prifoni alfo the doing an hidecent or iUcgal 

COM'MODATE (Cr«i7 Ltw) the lata 
or free coneeflion of any thing moveable or 
immoveable for a limited tiate, on conditioa 
to leftore the £ime individual at the caipira* 
tkM of that time, 

commode, LA adTantageoolly, conveniently. 

COMMON {cswafaai^ L.) that whkh 
belonp to all alike s own*d or ajiovrod by «U 
and not bflfeded fio this inort than that. 

COMMON (whb Grmmgruna) that gca* 
der of nouot that kcquaily appQcahle fo botk 
fezet, male and female. 

COMMON (in O*omttey) k mtkd t» as 
angle fine or the like, wluch bekqg equally 
to two figutfiy or nalui a oeccflary part of 

COMMON (aoooidUigtfr the ImviC^W. 
flMo) that fort o» water, the uTe of whi4l it 
oommoa to ft partkalar -toarn or Joidflup { alfo 
asManata off^ftm* for foediag cattle ; mwttsa 
•ffipintt *e. tmumn of tmrbmy. Let 
liberty of dmng turf. 
COMM<»f Oa F^t) a liberty to ha^ 
Rtisa alone, that Is, without any land or 
teoemenv hi another man's land to wmielf for 
liie, omahimandhitheiii. 

COMMON Cmml (m Un^) wat firft 
conAituted i* tli# idignof king Jobti. who 
ordained that 35 of the moft fabftantia] eltisena 
Aould be chofen, tnd he alfo gave the city 
the Ufaeity to chufo a Aew mayor and Iheitfs 
vrety year, whi^h before held their placet 
dniing life. 

COMMON 4^^dW > alibertyofcoal- 
COMMON«^»rrcllaltf> mon appertain- 
ing to, or depcndiog on fuch-a freehold,.wiuah 
comcnon mail be taken with beafi commona- 
ble, as bo^fit^ oxM, drc. and not of pttfif 
£«f/*, and^;/. 

COMMON Uw i<o£ En^snd) had its 

• DigifizedbyCaOv ©f«SMiai 

- CO 

tnpBal hem S^fOMrd xhn confefTior, wbo^st 
cf titt D^Jb^ Smxm^ vai Mtniw Uws, 
Mttiaei dKjBabvftl ud fCMnl liw tbout 
Ike yttf 1045. 

, are feocnl advcrtifemeatg, wbkh iielp tlwfe 
tJntcM&lc chem to icmcmher »U weway^ 
bv whkb a fobjiidl ma^jr be confidered. Tho" 
f heie «c many more wap by wluch a thing 
•^beeepfiderad i ytt tbc wthors of topickt 
faveiettied fixteen commoa places ; which 
U€, the <2awt, the Diftrtrntt^ the Defim'tion, 
the J^viJUm or Df/hthaum, the Etymkgj, 
dtt Cmmmrn, tfae SimUitmUt, the Diffim* 
hUa, tCe Oairtriet, the Off^a, the Cm- 
Jit^ th« jfttuedentsg the Adjunm, the 
Ciyiiiiiri the £^«^» aad the Ce^. Thefe 
«afafficie»t to mmUb with ample matter for 
afifcoorCe, and to make the hivcnlipa ol a 
iindiimderAeaiiBg nwtiiil* 

COIiMOK JEi^ (ia i^iVii) it. a right 
faatevaliomthepobitof conooniie etf the 
t«e«pcinS aset* thro* the middle ofthe right 
iiai^ which pdfo bythe ocntroof the apple 

OOICMONALTV(i«£m) an the mid- 
dkCaitor hiag*eiU^», iuch<tf the cem- 
'-'^ , who b«ag rajied above the peafimtij 

aaifv athariag the maaagemenfrof oflkc^ 
laA isr one deg^ iafenor tA buigdiee. 

COMIfUHIBXrS Mwi/ligattit the fame 
Ihiif tti eqgafd to tiate, at fmammhm beit 
doatoplacffjtahmgtheyemoqe withaaothw. 

OOMMUNIBUa Imh a ftrqi efteaofed 
ly ^murt for Ibme mediom or mean vehitioo 
bccweea ^ereral plac«s» at taking <ae place 

kOu^ L.) cafioeft to be eomnmaKaiaA or i» 

J iatercourie, caofeiie, coalaBHwei 
aUb the aft ef impaitiog a thie^ to another, 
«r aakiag him a Aarer therctnt 

COItfMUNICATlON (withitttftrlH^ai) 
ii «heB the oncor afgaea with Ut auditory, 
tad dOnaada their opiaiaa, as Qmkmn, fmp- 
Vflst meafwfi 
tfrthsiJ mkf 

««aa) igBtfiet the communicatioa of the at- 
tsAetm of oaa aature in Chnf^J^ to that 

aaaaoBaaoa tJieir opimaa, as wm 
ftfi t«mfthm in tbt Jam ufgy wi 
mmm jm ba^ t*ken 'hut thofi t 
wUi wmld ytm bav§ ^m^t^ the 

<a»M^ F* of Xr.) apcaeft to coaunuaicate. 

COMMUimr (lA L0W) fomecimet fig- 
«iet the joiat property m cffefta jbetweea a 

TjriirCOMMimXTY^ a cottmaolty coa« 
ti^tfted b e t ween a oian and woman by the 
■ere mSagHiig of their effect, provided they 
have Ived together tii9 fpace of a year aad aday, 

COMMUNITY tmimud, it that which 

c o 

iab£/ltbet«i^ecft twopedbm joteotia maniage, 
and the mh>or chUdrca of thet macriafe» 
when Che Inrvhror has not made aa iavcatoty 
of the tSt€ts inpfMSao during mannge. ^ 

COMAWTABLE [tmmMta^His, L.) that 
may he eafiiy altered or changed. 

COMMUTAVriON (ia ^«Ma»y) *the 
aagleof commuialioo at tne diftaiice batweA 
the fiio*t troe place, feen from the teeth, attd 
the place of a abaet reduced to the ediptidlu 

CQMMUTATiVS;^i«r,. it that juftiee 
that ought to be oblerved and done in buying 
aad Aliiag, borrowing and iduyag, peHorm* 
4ag covenants, Vc 

COMMU^ATIlTBtV. (of OMmate/, 
F» ^ L.) by way of eatdaife. 

COMPACTNESS <of etmfoS/.^ 
fe^er,. Xr.) dofiaefi together. 

COBdi»A)nON cf tjktgmim, a knight af 
that aohle order. - 

COMPANIONSHIP (0^ nt^gmm. A) 
idcompai^iiig with» the being .of the ftme 

/jMtf<lN"«^r»r COMPANV,a4oaipanyof Ibtft 
or treopofherleaat embodied ia'aregimeat. 

COMPA'KABtSNXSS, (of i0i^fmrmimi^ 
L, and wefs) the bekig comparable to« . 

COMPAR'ATIVE Amttomy, U that 
branch of H that confidert the £mieepafti «f 
diflEerent aaim»ii.with relatioa to thedifleran 
ftnifture and formatioa which it moil fufteifio 
the manner of th^ iivi^ and the JMo^tiea 
of every creature. - »- - ^ 

COMPARISON e/Mbrr, ii>aD aft of 
the auad by which itcoBBparet.Ha idearodb 
with another, ae to extent, 4egne,*time, 
plaee, aodk other dRgmilaaces. -^ 

COMPARISON (with Rbtm9kilmt)WB^ 
.paiifoat dllfer 6am,teifitndes CbH^ in thlt| 
that compatiibM are more wxfwtjot the two. 
Note, tiiat In corapariifont it it aece&fy 
that them be an esaft agreement betwaaa all 
ihf partt ef a oompaiifoa and the faljoft that 
it treated of ; fi»r ieveral things are taken 
i» Ibeao othtf reaim but to itttdeHlie fam- 
parifoa flMre lively. 

COMPARISON ^re//«/, the telatien ef 
two peeibnt or things coolidend at oppoled or 
let belwe each ether in oider» to find oett whev«^ 
ia they agree or diiler. 

COMPARTMENT 1 [C00^m^) fc 

COMPART'MENT 5 bed, bOMtf ae 
kaet ; a defigpi composed of ie»eral diflbreat 
iignret, difooTed wkh fymmcgry^to adorn a 
parterre, piatfiiiid, 9ft, 

COMPARTMENT (la Jwurf, 9ct.\ a 
"IjFmatetrical difpolitian of figardt to adorn 
penoelt, QTc. the l^mt^lt of a cieliag, &€* 

COMPARE iM|NT t/TT/rt, an arrange* 
fpeat of while ahd red tin, vamiflied for the 
dec^atioo^f'the covedng of a roof. 

COMVARTITION (hi ^Miffyre) the 
uieful and gracefnl diflribntioa of the whole 
greiMid*|^ot of a building, into raomt of recc p- 
tion or entertalnmettt, «dBce,^r. 

G O 

Beam COMP^ASSES, • joatliCBiadetl fa- 

Itrumem made of wood cphmCn w'tth OidiBg 
.lockett; U ctrry Uitenl ikMt% foititM, in 

order to^Anur ciraM tff vfry Idog r^ir/, of 
*«6 fa Luy prajjeaions, and tar inmiog the 

furniture o» W4U-dJtli. 

' COMPASS CV/'><r« («^h (Tnown) if an 

inftrunumrfordii^artiiig «;^iece ofoidatnee. 

It rdbflibkk tiio femicirtlef, lunioselundle 

^ad anoint 3SJc€ « pa!r of oompaflesi tet tiie 
fdncr ate UvaV »aA «a^ ^* bpoied at 

. COiflRASSv 9r t an InftrameBt of 

Marifurt COMPASS X ^n^n^ in Ditl- 

.Cji|^ JNmugatfpH, :Siin^s/«acl ftviftlotber 

parti of the-madMBlkatkfcf. - It coalila oTa 
•«isele-'dEiMni .on^ a i^ond piece of ^Ae^board, 

which is calledTfae «y ^ thii cMe It dividofl 
.■ntdjftdr- q«dn«ttf^^ yrhfeh itpftdtoti the^ 

fmr principal points or caidi||al «rfad^f J7^ 
JTin^, i\2ir^~an« .fM/t&) tai eo^h of thefe 

^Mraitts'tv (||iaftettafe«gaitt ^IxQvidcd into 

eight other eoual ptrts ) which in a(ll makes 
:$i poipts fif ^ <»fripa1s,' caUdd ram^t. This 

card brfaile4boord hangtf boriMbttf on a pin 
,let ixpngbt^. 2od lindiflt is fiaibd. a. needle of 

iron wire, :tiM«bed with aHoad^ftooe, which 
tUrpa'the #f «v point* 6f the nett^-pole always 
<hi north, dnd by Aia mctnsdiivfts 
pfiiaM ham to keep tlm <&ip in her 


dAndimml CO^^SSj is the common 
compafs Itefore defcriiMd. • 

il0riT€QAfPASS,is ailalBO is the otiler ; 
but thbk die.% faM^ihc'pefiits «Aarlscd with 
^Uack,3ui4 #hi|s^ wkbout any <<faer coloun, 
and is fo ralkd beiaa^ nvoft oooiFenieat f<r' 
fteetififlifnaMm JIght. ' ' 
. Hair COMI>il8S8a, oompiAs ft cmi- 
tnved isnitte infide «•• to tafc« aH •eattttt to a 
'^bdr^slireadth. ( .'t 

. Otrmd COMPASSS8, dMe whofe legs 
rare dJttlkd bdlft oww^As «0W»ids 4itm «Dp» ib 
thtt'when flint thapotnCk only txneet 

i^iV^MPi^&^ESt aneili^idfeia-niadoof 
hardened fteel, the head etched, "Whiofa by its 
ff^^ dptns !ihe'c6mpdi0os, ^he'op^nfaig being 
<di#eae^.by«^}KoUf foww, Ibftcatd |o«ee 
•lag and let ti|tfi|igh the otllir worked with 
a nut. 

r Til!JjMlJfr^ CPJMPASSES, compiiles kti 
thetHCsf^ii^Of angles geometricaUy. 

t^rs^gkt COMPA^ESS, a pair of^cAm* 
pdM'-M^^ :il^ercl md^eable pdloto, nM ii^ 
making fine drjuehtl or fnapt> charb, ^t'i 
■^alfit m ^rrbitefhirlb, 'l>ialllng, i'oritllcatioo. 

f^ of tkiXO}ABAS&, h the rodBd pie«e 
of paAe-board (call«*4iiro<he'card} en whicl^ 
- tht points of the aoii^afs i« driwn^ - * 

Kt'#tf/fae COMPASS) is a com^ft the nib 
of whtoh is to Aiew how moth tho tofBoi^n 
; compafs wiriea from "die eca^ points ^'Jimk 
: 4nd S%mtb. 

r. of hA Mlow fedJing, &<. • 

COMPAT'IBJ-^ESS {cojnp0tikilite\ F.) 


agrsedblescls* ^ 

COMP£L'LABt?» 4^ nay br fibres'. 

00U9£NDL4'IU0US (0^^'«f»i, j^) 
brief> ibort, abridged. 

ODMFENDiaS'iTY(<<Ptm<(f#jGrtfi. £.) 

COM'PETl^CEl (tampatmi^, L.) « 

COMfP£T£NCY J JiiflUkntcftltt^ftQd; 
of learning, tfc. 

COM'P£T£NTK£SS (of ^0ifnmm^ l*\ 
fuffidentnefs* (kfr. 

COMP£nfiLENSS8 (of cumf^t, L) 
ioitablenefsy 1^^ 

COMFITALlTIA, ftafta held amflpg the 
antio&ts in iionottr of the li^rji. \ 

ODMP|.A'C£NTN£&S (of tmfUtatu^ 

COMPLAISANT 09£SS» tl^ fune u Mi« 

COMPLEMENT (ia ar«%) fiffuifll , 

COMPLEMENT (^kh J/knmnt) d|A 
diAance of a ftar from tho lenkh, or tbe 





arch timt ii compeheiAod 
of a ftar above the horiac 

raUilagram) are the 
grams, A. (and By 
which are mad« by 
drawhkg two right 
Ifaies fdrdlfel to 
each iid^of the fi^n* thm* a gi««n pdnt a 
tho ditgonaK See the figore. ' 

COmPLEMENTAI. (of tm^kmam^ 
of or per tai ring to complem\:nt. 

ecmnw DifisJU; dUlempm that cii. 
mot bo l op arai ed, as m pleoiS^ airf fever. 

A COMPLEX Frcpofition (whh l»ffO^\ 
is 'that wWchhas' at Jeaft one of iis «« 
complex, or fudi an one ^ oootidiii km. 
members, as caufid propofttiiMis. 

€MfPLWNB8S (of nMe^/rm» ^) • ^ 
teg' eoMpOttoded of diiwrs things. . 

COMPLETTO 7( with \RMiiwtt*) 

G^Ml^LlCA'TIO S a rhetorical fl|wt, 
which it ^ fame at sLpUtM, whkh ies, I- 

T<$tX>MI^LlCA9E {c9mfii^»ttim^t.)»' 
fbld or wrap up together. 

COffi>LICATBPNlSS (of ttt^Httnt, 
L.) a being folded together. 

COMPLOSIONA ftjMiiftg or flrttog »• 
gether. ' 

COMPOTJBNT(«-i^/tf, iO««»f^ 
iiog, making up, conftitvting, as **»/•«» 
/tff>Jf, pait* that mate up the whole. 

fe if COfyfPeS il««i#»i, in d ri|)it BflM* 
having a Ibbnd fliin*aiid«ot delilitw. 

GOlblS>^d5n J?ir)9^ (to fi^i^)]; 
when the two /ides of the lafter Jt%g«> w 
very un*flfil, Whi^ 4nikes the g^r^ «» 
very unequal. 'i -». 

^idetsefs.'of m^nd, df^ 



COMFOHns (ttPA«r»#9)««<iciiict 
csBpcmiided of fevcnl fimpje oaesf m «1cc- 
fmr^ ttntipeBts, cpivtfif ^pt, dfr« 

COBAPOSPTION (in JW^Ai^i^if) b m 
$mj th$t b rfKriiiUs. 

COMPOSITE Ifv«$(r (witli J^bmti- 
AC8i)a coopoond nnmber^ •ranambem^ich 
M|F V 4iviM by Amfi avmber left tlun tiic 
Mmfsite itfcl^ lipt gitafier thta viiaqr i «« 
4f 4 B, 9r lo, 9e. 

COMPQUTi/QV MmiMiv9fm!th SiM- 
met) n between things of tht lamt numt, 
f./. twogr moredf^of w^ttr. 

OOMFOfirrXQN i^^brvl (nrftlk M01/- 
■Bi) ii wlien things of di0ei«nr k»dt are 
JaM» and. thus canftitnte new thiggi or ef" 
ieaces, diffeient from guy of chofartt f «iid 
Ihoi dhey Uj fiwm the naCttr and tha form 
rf wood aiMi 4iood, whoib aflence » vary 
44ic0m^fioM cUbcf of Adi( ItogccdieiitB taken 

COIfNtt'TIOV t>irith Or4$m) U the 
fKOftr #def of the paiti of tbo diicoorfe ad- 
hfism tn ni^ other •« 

COMPOSITION (with i^gicUm) n a 
mcdiodoCiaafboing;^ wiieicin « perfop pro- 
cefdi iiom ^a# general rajf-cv^tflt t^th to 
fartioilar and angular oact» 

COMPOSITlQll (with(>a«MMnew} the 
jBiiiag of liao woida togrtiicry or the pie- 
iiMgapstsdetQanotheriMid, lva«giBNnr» 
diwiA or chgngf its fignifiaataon. . 

COMPOSSlBILaXY, capgblsneib af es- 

C0Mro5'SIBL£(9f 4«ii«od/«^Aj^ &.)• 
CUbMl a£ eoTliag togethiKU 

OOMPQUMiy (rtaypft^r, £.) thatiahidi 
haala ap ot canpolad of dUfimtat parts. 

I9MWVND ^iamttiMp {ykJfgih^ are 
Mi» aas joined tl«Bth« by.the ^s -f- 
aai .^ and nraaitfaar axpiafiipd Ifj Xkt fame 
kttm aneqnally repeated, or hy fome moie 
Idttiv %» on«> M irf^'-f^JiBi ^ ' ^ f 
ifc c afou nd qoaetili^ : r>>. ^ 

A QOMPOUNE) Utf^ ivi^fyL) h di- 
#hiiot6 looarM portp^ cacihof vfMi^hiate^ 

COMPOUNDABLE, that moy be 


CQraprelKnd, or to be campighaaded, 

F.) capabiends to lie prefled clofe. 

To COMPROMISE (in %Jti»rMth^JM\ 
to put to the hasard of bdog ccofiired* ' 

CO^UL^SIVE, of ajeftrainingnatw% 

CQMPuySIVEMESS (of ^a^tf^, £,) 

OOMPU^TABUE (comfrntsUSs, I.} thpt 
majr be codntod orfQckofiod. 

CaMR^HENSKM ^ 40 ide^^ ^ 
ligkumt) irthe com^rQhenfiairi>f thft aitri< 
botts it concaina in itC^ and which cannot 
W ta]|M awap, without deftroying it, as the 
fsakprehcoSoo of the idea oi a triangjc io- 
dodet ^tteofion, fignrCy three lines and thaee 
asf let, Qfr. 

COMPREHENSION {•mMeta/Jkx/kh)i9 
aid of tiM mind, whereby it appreheids or 
htoirs any ofjed wliich it prefeaMd to it on 
lU fides, do which it is caplbk of beijig ap- 
fRiKnded or known. 

COMPREHENSION (with lUketoekimMs) 
> trtpe or figare wiiereby the name of a whole 
n ^Jttr part, or that of a part for the 
"w} orn da&oitB naipfacr or thing for an 

CQMPUTA'TiON (in Cnmm Xm) ^. 
nifies the true and indinerent conilni^ion ^f 
^m$, fp that neither party 4*U ynpo§ ti^ 
other, or tliat the de^rmiration of time 10- 
*ferred to ihall neitlier be taj^en th^ que p^jf 
or th^ oljieri but Aall be oompi^ fOBOiding 
tp the ceniure fii the hiw* 

CO'MUS (fmoi}g,the4^M!^»tr) tltf C^dl 
of banouetinga 

CpN4'TUS (in a Btdj of Af^e.) k that 
difpofition or aptitude to go on in asightJin^ 
If net psevamol hjf other pniies} it is the 
fame as aitraSiou ot grmnUOmp in matltt 
withoat fflotipn. 

C^NCAMERA'riON.aT^tiog qr ard^ 
higy Xm 

CONCATENATION rf Qmto (witk 
PhiUfipbtn) n temi vied |p eapio(^thf|l «i 
effea ia the refoJt of d Jong chjJMi of caolji^ 
Jinked (o,. er depending one vpqn fOPther. 

CPNgAT'ENATEN]^S {^^t^^^mlih 
Jg,) the being chained together. 

CPUPCAV |S [uHcawut, L.) hallow on the 

infide or «anlO|d like an oven x alfo hollow- 
ly; iit. thainfidenf aholtow body, e^« 
ainUyif it be circoiai* 

OQN6AVE Gkjh, are fuch as are gronni 
hollofiP^and are ofuaJly of a fpherical or round 
figoie { t|»Mgh they may ^ of any ftl^tr, an 
parabolkais &t. 

CONCAVE'NESS (MawWiei, L,y the 
hoUpvfnais of the iiilide of a round body. 

QONCAVQ CONCAVE* foncave on botk 
fides, c 

Pi^i^-CONCAVE, concaaa. on the out 
4|de^ and plain- on the other. 

CONC AVO Y«jNMr, concare oa. ei|t fi<^ 
g^ cQOfex pn the other. * 

CoevcM CONCAVE, af^heo the one ^T 
the 9tl^tr forliKCC is a portion of a lefs fpttere. 

CONCEAL'EDNESS (of c»»(cc/nr«,£.)iki4. 

CONCEIT'EDNES (of coudftrfy t.) f^ 
^iag felf^opinipuated* 

COt^CElV'ABLENESS, eafineis . to |e 


CONCEIVING (with Lcgidawti is the 
finpie view that we have cf the things which 
prtlai^ Hiei^relvcs to the n»ind s as If we 
in.agine the fun, a tree, a giobe, alquare^ n 
thooghty a being, without rorming any par- 
ticular judgmeiu. This ii the nrft of the 
four principal operations ot' the mind« 

CONCENXRA'TiUxV (with A'4flar»iSCi> 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


i1ieii!{bdll «iefr«e ofmixtnttr, tt KvHeo td^o 
or more ptrtktef of ttotm ^ the norture 
tDUchyby fBceivhig Mtti thrufting one into Utd 
othcr> or by MttepUM and Jntrufion one into 
tiie otber; snd this Dr. Oftcr takes to be the 
€%(t of all fi>c)d bodies, which art without 
H&t er fmeU, whole copftitntioa is fe firm, 
f^ th«t the fjtttic/es ait ts it were taprimid 
hpm cfch other, they cahaot »i&€t ^iher of 
tbbfeflnfes. •« 

CONJCEP^IOlf (with Ltgidan^ is an aft 
6f the mind or the produA ofit, as thought, 
fiodoo or printiple 2 the finplc idea or ame* 
henfion that t ]^rfon has of any chfalg with" 
eut proceeding to afirm or deny any natter or 
foint relating to it. 

hmatuUn CONTCEP^ION #/ the My 
Ftrgh (wirh RtmdaCmiMieh) a feaftheki oa 
the Stb of Dectmhtr, m regard to the yirgim 
A£f r^s being coocehred and bora immacnlate. 
CONCERT, agreement between perfona 
in allien, &c» . • 

CONCESSION (with Ititf.) a fignie, the 
' fame'as 6yne%9re/tt, L. 

CONCES'SIONARY (of eowcejton, F. 0/ 
L,) by way of grant or allowance. 

CONCH I'LIS, the fame as conchoid. 
CONCHOn> (of a^yn, Gr. a fteU fifli) 
is the name of a Cnrve une hivented by IVr- 
tbmnda: It is a cenre which always ap« 
preaches Beairtr to a ftrait Hne, to which it 
iDeUnet % but oerer meets, it is defcribed thai : 
Draw the right 
line Qj;}/ind a- 
cnhrtoUin E; 
draw the rfght 
rinesG M,' O 
M, cutting Q^ 


two partly the KumfAtUgtimm Bmuntin 
I and the Pafimu* 

CONCLU'SIVENESS [6{ evuthfvtt^ k) 
the dramg of eoadioeiiees. 

CONCOCTION, t hoiliig togfethcr. I. 

COKCOM'ITANCT, aa acconpaoyfan 
togBther with. 

CON'CORD (is Om^) thupastof Sf%* 
torn er oonftmOieii, wherdly the %veids«r a 
ientcnce agree aoioog themfelveSi whenfaf 
verbs are pgt in the ikiae tmaiber and perin 
withnounsy &e, 

^M]^ CONCORDS, are ihofe whpfe cf* 
eremcs are at a diftance, leif thah ch« fiuB of 
any other two concorfls. 

CMt^isMi, CONCORDS, MCfmltDiif 
tw9 er fMseo coacecdi. 

b^a CONCORDE (ifl Mmfiih) airtbe 
thhd and eighth^ with ail ihdv oAam. 

CONCOR'DANCY ffmmiutu, L) ^ 







curves wherem 

Gare, is the fitft, 
conchoid » and 
thofe where the 
points N'N are foand, the leeond conchok). 

r* CONCILIATE (ctJtciiiair, L*) to re- 
concile \ alf » to procore. 

CONCILIATORY {ctncUiMtmui^ L,) of 

CONCIN»NATENESS {concinmua, L.) 
^decency, fitnefr, fife. 

CONCIN'NOUS (ccneinmii, L,) fit, a- 

greeable, &c. 1 

CONCINNOUS Itttirvals (in Afufitk) are 

'/uch as are fit for mofick, next to and in 

eombinattro with concords. 

CONCISE'NESS (of conns, r. ccnciftti, 
Ji) htxtfhefn. : 

CONCITATION, a provoking, ftirring 
"up or pricking forward, L, 

CCNCLAVE, a clofct or inner room, 
that (huts up under lock and Icey, L, 

CONCLUSION (m Oratory, confiRz of 

CONCORDANT r^rfh, hch 4» km 

ia them ieverftt words mconmeD, betbfOe 
addition of other wordahave aquitedifecflt 
mcaohig; u,* 

Cstik 7 ._ c.iL - 1 VdHhtr ; 

-^^^ . 

CONCORDAT (hstheCkfliefttfw] aceve- 
mmt er agfeement hi Ibme beneficiary maRfr; 
as relating to a icfigoatioii, pes«iiitaiioB| sr 
•dier e^ciefiafiieal cauie. 

CONCOR'JRORAL {fncorfwaUs, L.) if 
the fame Mr ^ company. 

i\rtf/«rtf/CDNCRrT£ (with ThiMbiH>i 
as antimbhy is a aatuial coacpttey wMcli bi 
been compounded \n the bowels of theasith. 

Fi«Af/fMK20NCRET£ (with Fbihfifbtn) 
a concrete cempeuodod by aMr, as fosp i>* 
ftairims .<<aicHflrr,.ora body mfaad tafctbcr 
byirt. ' ^£. 

OONORE'TBNESS (ef «»«ii^«rf, U) 
being grown together, ^e. 

GON^nJtTNE, h fbmetimes dcd for a 
mil,>le^tilnite and oalje wife, aad dilKagaiA^ 
ed by no other circumftance bvt a difpsnty « 
^bth tn^ ernditioa to her hnfband. 

CONCUPISCIBLENE^S, fitnefiories*- 
nefs to defire or be defined earaeA^ 9^ 

CONCUR'RENTNESS (ef : «««»nar», 
L.) agteeaUeneft to or with feme other. 

CONCUS'SION,apublickejrtOrtioii, wW 
mny olHcer or magifbace piUages the people ■! 
threats, or pretence of authority. L* 

CONCUS'SIVE {ofcfMufMh I.) »««» 
or jumbling together. ,.*^ *« 

be condemned. ^t',ru^\ 

To CONDEN-SATE (with P^J^rf^ 
is to bring the parts of a natural body ^ 
hrfs compaia j the term oppofitc to t«»*1P'» 
is to* rarefy, . ^^ . j. 

CONDENSA'TJON (with fbiMi^^}^ 
when ^ nitur*! body tato up ^"^^' gati 

Digitized by V3OOQ IC 


rtlua itkaa 

CONDEirSER, a puramatlefc enf im» 
itediyttWMfiuJ MHKitf of air nay be 
cmM iaco a pvoi ^pace. 

Aiekacft* daftaeft, hartoels. 
. CONIffRS (of a 4*f» thofe «Im <««(/ or 
^Hiinfiios to Hw tee rf to a ^ far gaUbf «r 

CONmCNESS (cte9a£ffmt, L.) the be- 
iHttaoidiac t^SKtit* 

CONDISCI'PLE {t^m^fiifmhtt, L.) a 
fcM^iflMPr afidluw-tolttt. 

COHDX'TE (ftfiAlWj £.) iea(baAl, 

CONDmON (In a I^^W ^w/e) a bridle 
•MinuBtaiiwaBdtoatiiiiig, ibdurby the 
an-feribimBiKe ef |c« the ^mtf (kail ae- 
owe ^tqaUfCM ana lofc I but by Hm pcrfbr- 
■iBK, bcndit anl advanfi^. 

OOSDITION (m DmI) h that which ii 
kak «1 anacaeA by tfipfeft words to the 
Mbmk, 4oBd or gBUC, cicher in writing 

CONDlTIOir imflkd. Is when a nan 
laatt to anolfavan «ftce of bailiff, ftawird, 
dfr. though thpre be no condition in the 
r*Bt, yet the InwanaJLei one covertly. 

OONDmO >nr fiM SM in {PMoftfh^) a 
tndbdin fpaahinK of foaie accident or Ar- 
camdiiWj which is «ot eflential to the 
tUa^hityctlt neeeffary t» the prodoaion 

C0IIDI«riOKAL Pnftfiim (wSth iU^ /- 
<WB)aie. p ropofit i on « that confift of two puts 
jrfMd tsflBtlKrlif the paitide t/, of whic4i 
the fixi piopefiuon, that hKkidcs the con- 
AioBy 11 callnd -the «ar«ridntfy the other 
theiw^mf. Thm tf the M^tfs mam he 
mtntislj ii h mertsl, which u a continnal 
pwfrftiai, inyrhich thecfamfe, if the My 
efmmim iemtttri^^h Ihe anteeedeat, and 
ttcochcr M aMrr«/y is the emfefMem. - . 

C0NDinnONALNESS> (amMenah'fat, 
KapKPITIOKAL'lTY 5 L.) the beins 


tamdng the plane ^f a i^t 4uied txiangV^^ 
rmnd the perpendiAilac km or Axis, £0 that if- 
thaleg be o^iul to the bale, the foHd produced 
will be a right Cam } if it be lefs, it will be an 
acut^'^mgM Cm, and if gres^r, an ahtufi^ 
aaited Cone { as in the figure. 

Rilht CONE (with Gee,) « cone is (aid fo 
to be, with refped to the pofition p( its axis^ 
I. e, whenitisnet perpcndictthrto thehtfison, 
it is called obliqae 

Is when one fide of 
it is longer than the 
other, a| in the fi« 

CONE ef toys (in Optich) are all dioib 
nys which fell from any point, as fuppoie A 
inafubjeaon the fuxface of aay ^(i^ aa 
B, C» I>» haviagthe vertex in A,, and the ^Uis 
for itt bafcj fucfa is the cone B, Q, P, A* 

OONOOLEfMENT (of ttfidelere, L) an 
eifulfc ai mi fcal&of a fympathy at the af- 
■flion of others* 

CONDCTCTS, fearers or gotten jCo con- 
vey away the IwlJafe of a houic. 

CONDUFUCA'TION, a vdoMUing, a 
feldbig together, h. 

CONDVXyS («iflk;3i^,4>r.}ajoint, a 
liitie ponsid eminence, or protnbenace at the 
*'*rrwi*y irf a bone. 

CO'llS (mmvi, L. t^nSM^ Or.) 
a feomccrical folid figure conlifijng 
offtrait lines that aiiftfram a eir- 
enfar hafe, and growing narrower 
hy j ep es f, end in a point 4t the 
(Qp^ dire^yorer tlieoenter of the 
baile. 7he manner of ptodocing 
-M 6gnie may be iimguiad by the 


CONE (with Sattnijh) fignifies not only 
fach dry, fquammous fruits as are properly 
of a eonkk figore, as the fir and pine-fruits ; 
but alfo any frvit coinpofcd of feveral parts 
of a lignous fiibfiance, adhering together, and 
fepsrating when ripe, as the cypreTs. 
CONE 7 cone, S^ut» C an account 
COLNE i colne, Stx. £ or r^dcon- 
Ing when a young woman, at rhe age of 14 
or 1 5y is in lew accounted to be of a compe- 
tent age to Keep One andkeyffa hevfe, /. e, 
to take upon her- the management of houfe- 
h<Ad afifairt* 

CONFABUL^TORY {o(corf*hulare, I.) 
pertaining to talking together. 
CONFECTION. ^tCenfiff, 
CONFESSION ^ih Rhetwiciettn) is a 
figure by which the perfon acknowledges his 
.fault, to engage him whom he addreCfes to 
pardon him. 

CONFES'SIONAL, a place in churches 
under the main akar, where they anciently 
dcpofited the bodies of deceafed iaints, mar- 
tyrs and coniMon. 

CONTiD£NTKESS(fM/d^riJ, t.) 

. CONFINltY {eerfiwittt, L,] nearncfs cf 

CONFIRMA'TION (with Rh-tciehts) 
is the third part of an oration, wherein the 
orator undertakes to prove' by rsafons, autho- 
rities, laws, &c, the troth af the propofitlpa 
adranced in his oration. 

Digitized by VjOOQTC* 


fcgtl ^j^iimti&R, or taking the fyktknnt of 
gpodty ar«. to fik filt or tttafmy, fcr tlie 
]diig*t ttfe. L. 

CONPLATIXB {cmfimMt, t.) tA w 

COH FLATION, a caftiag or melting of 
tteul. L. 

COmiXXtfkZ {nmJUxim, L.) a Wnd- 
iog cogejAier. 

CO^tlCT'JNG, ftrogiKjig, engagiag, 
lighlu^ witK. Jlff/roir. - ■ 

C0]f«l«uJferiBL£N£SS^ aptoeft to flow 
cocetb c^^v,^^ 

CO]ffFOkllfABLENE3S 7 i'^^t^'^, 

CONFORM'NESS J F. «i/on»/- 

tf4», t>. ) agh!teblene6 in form. 

CONFORXffATIO Meml^rtnm (with 
J B W f iW CTH ifj h when diingi, to #hieh natore 
lias dcafd f peech, are hrou^t in fpeakiog. L. 

fluoning, or ordering of a thing ; alfo the parw- 
ticohu- textoxo and confiflence of the parts of 
m body» and thdr difpofitioD to make a 

CONf ORMATIOK (b the art of Pfy- 
Jiek) an aflential property of health or fick- 

COKFO&M'NESS {^eonformt, L.) con- 
fDrmity, agHMableneft. 

CONFOUND'ED (ctmfiuniu, F.) pnt into 
coofafiony &e» 

CONKOUND'£DNES8>confafednsfi» tlie 

CONFRaI'KY (f. c^frmtria, L.) a fri- 
tamityi brotherhood, or fociety united tofe- 
ther, efpccialjy vpon a reljgkma account. 

CONFRONTATION, the aaion of fet- 
ting two people in oppofitim to each^ other, to 
difcover the trath of fomc hOt which th^ 
teUte differently. 

CONFRONTED (in H^bUt^) figpifiee 
facing or ffonting one another* 

To CONFU'SE {c9t^gm^Suf. of «»|0«. 
Ar*, L.) to mingle, perplex, or pot oat of 

CONFU'SEDNESS {tmfuftm, F. of L.) a 
heing in confefioo. 

CONFU'SION (\lt^^,MiUif*yfiuUtti^) 
» oppofed to order, it a perCnrfaation of which 
confnfion confifts, «f..^, when things prior 
In nature do not precede, or pofterier do not 

CONFUSION (with X^ViVuw) is oppoM 
Co diftinQneff or perfpicnity. 

CONFUSION (in a Pbyfictt (tntt) \t a 
Jbrtofonioaormhtoreby mere cohciguity, 
as that between fluids of a contrary natuie, 
as oily vinegar* ^. 

CONFUTA'TIO (with Rhetor A a part of 
a narration, whetdh the orat* ftconds his 
own arguments, and firengthens his onife by 
refelliog aod detroyiog theoppoCteargnments 
of his antsgonift. 
C0N»G£ (with ^MOfs) a moulding ei* 


Cher ifr H/nh Of i qoaiitt rdnnl (Mr ef i tt 
▼etto, which (erves to feparate two ateoiba 
one from dnother. 

CON'OBS (with jfirOrtOk {i^ ff^« 
ferrels ancientiy ofcd abool the ends of Wood 
en. pi)ia>9 to ke^p tiieih from IpftHUag^ a^ 
afterwards imitated ia^)Ooe*wbtk. 
' COMG]Ui'EROUSlttBS(ofa^p«f|&. 
the being of tile fine kinds 

begotten togetlMr. 

CONGE^NERS (migetttmi L.) «f ik 
Skim gendratioa or kind. 

CONG£'NlAU^£S$, the likousftof ml 
kind to or with aaother, 

CONGEN'ITURE {cvigtrnturM, U) db 
bixth of things at the hmh tlrt«. 

CONGES'TIBLE (of camgik, X.) tkl 
may be heaped up or gc^ea together. 

CONGES'TION, a heaping or gitbai^ 
together, f,ofLi 

OORGLO'BATED (tntgUlmi, L.}huf 
od cr gathered round tegetlicr« 

OONGLOBATELY (of cai^lt&efrV, L) 
in a round roafsor lump, c^c. 

OONOih«7TIN ACTION (WithiP^je/Mdu) 
a joimng of bodies by nnsani of ihtk ailfi 
fticky and clammy parts. • 

£.) gluing, fiicking, or Meiting togstlte; 
congratulhting, MiJtM. 

tor, Xr.} of or belonging to congiatuMkiB* 

CONGREGAfTiQN (w»h Ibme Fl^ 
/^«) the hntt degrae of mixtuie, in vrlwh 
the partsof the msined body are locodiMr 
or do noC adhere to or tOoch eachoihw hitiH 
a point J which properly, thqr layy » pa** 
Uar CO the partklda of watfer and #«k#i 

CON'ORESS> an aflemhly, or the acioti 
ing together of the depatierorplenipoMMi 
of feveial princes to treat about a ^ 
any other aftair of impoitdndi 


prefende „ 

whether amonbesnipoteBt 
to diflblve a marriage. 

CON'ORUEN'CB 7 (ft^i^t««i#» * 

CONGRUrXY 5 <ii»5tfito, ^, 

agKeaUdiaA, opnferwihy, fulbWeBdi { fej 
properly faid of a theme a^ifci«tie> l*^**Jj 
thene is no fatift, ddnUtailttti' ceotiary v vt 
ruleerof granfoiir., ' 

CONGRUIXy (with Seio^mnf) U t fW 
abr^beff orrehitibn hocweed things vhtrd^ 
we come toa knowledge of what !s toM 
to psft'therdA'. , > 

CONCaUITY (with Owaw^^>»2^^ 
term applied to figores, Hnei, ^t, 
exa€(]y corre^ood when laid o^er oAe 
a? haVtng the lame tenof ir bounds. 

CONIC §tau«, H a figotc whkh 


If cic Alitor a cone, bdng fttpfoftd to be 

If die ^eaioa be made hy Hk jswi, or thro* 
iv Mrnar, tbe figure arifing is a triangh. If 
tbe (edioo be made by a parallel to the bai^ 
fi dK ewMfy or fuccentiariiy pofitcd, the 
i|Dre pfoieced la a circle. 

If dbc U€tifm be made parallel to one fide 
•r the cooe, it will he an URpfiM. 

If ihi fedien ^ made thnr one fide of the 
MMi tkra' the faefe, aad not paraUd to the 
eihtr fife of the cone, it will be an Hyper- 

cbonCAlNSSS (of <wi«59 L.) the be. 
fag la the form of a cone. 

CONJECrrURABLB (of wtjeOmro^ L.) 
fkti aay be conjeAorad or foefled. 

ToCONJOFBLB, to chat toeether. 

CDNJOI'NT Pfgrtti (ia MMfiek) are two 
aalB which Imnediatelj fi>llow each other 
k the order <»f the fcale, at Ut and ^e. 

CONJOINT Titrachafds (in Mmfick) are 
t«e tttiachofdi^ wbeic the fiime chord ji the 
hi|beft of tfce one, and the loweft of the 

CONJonrTLy (of «^«itf, F. cwjmiff*, 
L,) ombeiky. 

COlPpGALLy (of ^wri*rftf/, F. of <»«, 
«lth, udjaigtm, a yok9,L.) alter the man- 
aer ef mao and wife. 

CONJUGATED (cMfjagattt, L.) coupled 
or jojced tDgetlier> 

CONJtrGATIOK (with AKStmi(lt) ii 
•aJeriood of a pair of nenret, or two aerves 
viifif together and lenriog for the fiime ope- 
ladea, iinUatioii or motioa. L. 

00NJUNCX^N£5S (of ^otjimahii, F. of 
L.^ the being clefe jointed. 

CONJURATION, a plot or confpiracy, 
ftnct Qfaal or leagoe to do aajT publick harm, 
as tofobvert the goireromcot, attempt the 
SIboftbepiince. (^c* 

CONJURATION (in Common Ltw) iaJn 
Mbofe efpecial maaaer taken to ineetid a per- 
IboaJ cMMaice with the devil or evil Ipiriti, 
either tt> compaia fone defign, or to attain 
tbe IcAowledgB of fome fecret ; magic words, 
cbaraAert or ccfemomeai whereby cvU fpirkt, 
teaipefis, &c, are ibppoTcd to be railed aad 
dnweo awaw. 

ToCONjU'RS (itBJttrmro, L.) to chaffe 
vpoB the frcredjiela of an oath $ to defire ear- 
■etiy, to tntreat with the greateft importo- 
«!▼ { alio to coaffire or plot together. 

To CONJfURS (etjmir, F. of L.) to prac* 
tife cenjoratsoo, or the ratttAg, fi^«. of f^ta. 

A CONN, a blow with the fift dotched. 

CONNAfiCENdE (of rM aad nsftem, L.) 
Ibe befaig bora together with ataothcr. 

OONNATiniAUTy. a b^ of the 
fame oatara with fome other. 

CONNIVENCE twmvfuria, L.} afdga. 
ii| not to fee, a wfaiking at a faok, a paffing 
it by withoyt panidiment. 

COMNOUEUR (of <Miii/«, P.) t* 

c o 

kaow^ a perfon well fidlled kany diiag. " 

CONOID' Eih'pticai {in Gemtny) it a 
folid figare, made from the plain of a femi* 
ellipfis toraicd aboot one of iti azea. 

CONOID FmUUkitl (la Gmmttry) is a 
tolid made by the turning of a parabola upon 
its axis. 

CONOI^ES (with jiMStomifls}) a parti- 
cular gland or kernel in the brain, the (ame 
with Cofarrum, or GisnduU Pinealh. 

CON'C^RABLE {c/iw^wramt, F.) that 
may be conquered. 

CONSANGUINOUS (of comfanguineus, 

CONSCIENCE (€9nfa'int7m, L.) a fecret 
teftimony or judgment of the foal, whereby 
it gives approbation, to things it does that are 
naturally good, and reproaches itiejf for thoTc 
that are evil. 

1. The knowltdge or laealty by which wa 
judge of the goodn«6 or wickednefs of aur* 

Conftitnct fignifies that knowledge whick 
a man hath of hisowa thoughts and actions | 
and, becaufe if a man judgeth fairly of hie 
axons', by comparing them with the law 
of God, his mind will appiove or condema 
him ; this knowledge or epttftitnci may be both 
an accttler aad a judge. Svrift^ 
2» Jttftice ; the eftiroate of coa&ieacei the 
detormiaadon of confcience, honefty. 

I^er majefiy, is without ^uetlion, obliged 
in confcUnct to endeavour this by her authority^ 
as much as by her practice. • 

Smfift^i Projeffjhrtbe Adv, ofRtUpm* 
3« Confcioolhefs, knowledge ef oar own 
thoughts or a£lioas. 

Merit, and good works, is the end of flMfi*a 
motion ) aad confeienet of the iame Is the 
accompliihmcnt of man's reft. Bacm, 

The fweetfcft cordial we receive at Jaft» 

Is confcnnee of our vktaoos anions paft* 

4. Real fentimeot, veracity, private thoughtat 
•5. fcruple, difficulty. 

We muft make a eonfiinui in keeping the 
jttft laws of fuperiors. ^atkr'i ho/y trmtm. 

CONSCIENTIOUS, fcrupulous, ciaaiy 
jofi, regulated by coofcience. 

Lead a life in fo coHfeimtioitt a probity, at 

in thought, word, and deed, to make good 

the character of an honeft maa* VEfirtrnp, 

CONSCI£NTIOUSN£SS,accoidittg tothe 

dtrectioo of confcience. 

CONSCIENTIOUSLY, exaetneft of Jof* 
tice, tendemefsof-coniSnenoe. 

It will be a wonderful confciiutUuftu^ in 
them, if they will content themielvca vritk 
lefs profit than they can make. X^«l«« 

CONSCIONABLE, reaiboable, juft, ac<» 
coiding to confcietice. 

CONSCIONABLENESS. Eqaltyj realbo- 

CONSCIOUS, endoared with the power of 
koowiag OBe*f owa thoiiglio and actions. 

' ' R Digitized by VaOi CON* 

c o 

coN$ciouiNi;ss. t. tu rrctfi&uL 

of wbat p^iTes i& a man^soiini raiad. X#«cAe. 
^. Interns^l (enfcof guilt, or innocence. 

CONSECTARY (tm/eadrium^ L.) tl^^t 
vJikh fellows upon the demODftntion of an 
aif nment j a confequeoce drawn from ^ pro- 
pofitioo that went before $ alfo an addition, 
Uifennce or dedudioo, and is the fiune as co- 

CONSECTARY (inGimttfy) is feme con- 
fefuent truth which is gained from feme de- 

^ CONSECUTIVELY (In Scbvd Pbitofoph) 
is a term ufed in oppofition to anfictdttitty, 
and fometlmes tfft&rvelif or coMfattv, 

CONSENT' {Anatomy) is the motnal 
Sympathy or correfpondence' between the fe* 
veral parts of the body ; as when one nerve 
is affected with the hart that is received by 
another : as ^heo the inflammation of the 
J^Imra is conmonicatcd to the longp. 

CONSENT (among Moraltjti) is our fim- 
pie approbation of means, as we judge them 
proper for our work \ and thofe means, when 
^ey are placed within our reach and power, 
ibiplpy the two acts of the will, called JI/i- 
<rW a">d Imperati, which foe. 
' CONSENT (with Phjfictatu) isthcdepend- 
Sn^ of one difteraper upon aoocher, as a diffi- 
culty of breathing is uid to proceed by em^ 
Jetu from a pleurify : and when fo, it ceafes 
immediately upon the reaovsU of ^e diffafes 
po which it depends. 

CONSENT A'NE0USNE$8, tgiceableneTs, 
Ibitableners. ' 

CON'SEC^EIfT, 0/ 4 ^'^ (with MstU 
mMt.) is the latter of the two tarms of pro- 
'portioo, or the teri|i between ^hich and the 
antecedent the eomoarifon it m^, as in the 
jeafon of proportion of the namber 4 to ^ 
6 is the confeqaent with which the antece- 
dent 4 is compandy Or if the proportion ^ere 
a magnitude or quantity, as B to C^ C is faid 
io be the rMr/«y»nir. 


fimrr«r<r, L.) hy confequence.' 
' CONSEQUENTIALNESSrof f^'/eya*-- 
iia, L.) the toilowing by way of confequfnce^ 
pr the Dcing of confcquence. * 

CONSERVATOR, a keeper or main- 
tainer, a protector or defender,' an officer 
cilabHfoed for the focurity and prefervation 
of the privilege granted ibme cities^ bodiesj 
commnnttiet, &t, 

CONSERVATOR (in Lstg) an umpire 
chofeo or appointed to compofo ditiferencea be- 
tween two parties. 

CONSERVATORS (in CMholtck Unrotr^ 
JUitty^tt two perfons^ «r«. the confervator 
«>f ' the royal privitege&, or thofo granted by 
the king ; who takes cogfttlance o^^all caufes 
between the regf-nts; ftudents, &e, aad the 
conCenrator of the apaftolical pnTilCges or thofe 
granted by th( pO£e^ who takes co^niiAJice of 

t^ l^ ^ fff i^l affiiirs* 

CONSER'VATORr ^oioBfi^i^, ^) 
of a preferring i^nality. 

F,) the deferring notioe, &€^ 

of L.) deliberation, confiderats temMr. 

CQli(SU)ERAT£NESS, confidcring sad 
deliberating faculty. 

CONSIGNMENT (In a t^gl Sfnft) isdtt 
putting a kiok of money, &c^ into fure haadii 
until the deq^on of ? ^pntrovg^fy pr kw'fiiit 
that huiders the delivery of the faid truft.' 

CONSIS^f NCf (m Fbgjkk) is thpt flats 
of a body, whereiiv. its c9mpQnettt paitkki 
ate fo conneded or entai^led among them- 
fdyes, as not to fopgrg^ ot recede from ei^h 

CONSISTENIFNESS \ (of roij/BlMct, t. 

CONSIS'TEHCY lemfifitnriB, U\ 
agreeablenefs, 6lfV« 

CONSIS'TORVfof Rami) the fifiqppal 
court or tribunal belonging to the Pcfc, 1)0^ 
with much fplendor and folemnity 

In this court the pope prefides, ieated on % 
chaur of cloth of goid, placed npooathtoae^ 
covered vrith fcarlet, dreflfed in his pontifial 

The cardinal priefla and bifiiops areibteieii 
his right hand, and the caidinal deaooos m 
his Im. The other prelates, piotoBOtaiki, 
auditors of the R»ta and other officcn fit oa 
theftepsofthetbroDe, andtkeotliercauitkn 
£t on the ground, embafladors on the ri|M» 
and the flfcal advocates, or thofo for the od^ 
^uer and confiftory, behind the cardinal UihofSi 
And here it is that caufos an pkaded bcfote 
his holinefi. 

Belides this there is alfo a focret coofiloiy 
held in a private chamber, called the cham- 
ber of pope Gay^ where the pope's throne k 00- 
ly two fleps high. To this none but (be 
carditiak are admitted. 

The bulls for biflioprkks and abbks are Mt 
pafled, till they have pafled this coafiflory. 
Here the cardtnak votea are taken at e?c^ 

• CONSCCIATED (eomfidatia^ 1-) yM 
together in mutual fociety. 

fapifolenefs bf being conftrted. 

. CONSOLA'TION (with Rhetor.) one d 
the phicet whereby the ontor endeavoon » 
temper and aflwage the gnef and cooccmtf 

CONSO'LATORINESS^ aptnds to g|«f 

To CONSOLIDATE (with SMrgnm) s 
term ufodconccrning broken bones, or wounds 
as th^ ^rn. Stigin T9 tonfiUddtt, i, «• CD join 
together in ooe piece, «i thn vot ^4^ 
tbifr^ffurt^ or the fiiutiou rf ih^ tmtimij* 

healing mediqnei to clofe up a foar. 

CgN'80JtAI|TN^53. iof mj mit mt^ /, 

Digitized by V3OOQ IC 


pfigtHtis, £«} coofbrmitfj asneaUenefi to 

COtrSONOUS (cvKfinus^ L.) of the fame 
Mie orlban^ a{;reKii]g in found ; alio sgrea*- 

COHSP£eTABLE(i»v>Va^fa, L,)aLfy 

COHSPICUaTY 7 {««j^«aVtf»,L.) 
COMSPKrcOUSNES S P^^^nc^s or eafi- 

ODNSPlRmO Powers (in Metbamth) 
at itt iiicli as a^ ia a divedlon not cppofite 
to one mother* 

OONS'TABLESfllP (of ttiOtabU, F. or 
m^Mnb L. and ^i^, Mh- office) the «f- 
icc of a Gooftahky which i< to take care that 
lie peace ho d«lj kept witMn hie diArift, and 
hai aUb the power to take uo and carry of- 
^uka% before the jaftkes, and thofe who are 
wiiilfti'd % AciB to prifoo. 

OOllSTBi.a.ATED (of cw^kfl^/e, L.) 
fisoMd laco^ coofteilacion. 

CONSTER'NATED {cwjienistiit, L,\ 
■Bt ioto Ihdden fear. 

TaOOITOTiPATE (with Pix/fer#M) to 
fciid 0( fluke coftiYe. 

COHSTIPA^IOK, ^crowdJosorthmft- 
JQg ckrfe together* 

COirsTlTVENCE (of tonfitum, L.} 
Ait of whkh a thing b conipoied. 

COHrSTITUTlOK, Ae ttm^ of dio 
half ar a natsfd difpofitioas the tempera- 
neat of the body, or thatdifpofition of the 
«4ole. aitf fag Irom the ^oaUiy and propor- 
teor in parts* 

Jfy^itkegiCOSSritmfO^S, ate a col- 
kAioo of regolationt attribated to die apodlei^ 
mi hffokd to have been coIldRed by 5t. 
Qmatp whoSt name they bear. 

COISSTITirTIVENESS, conftjtiitfve 

OONSTRAIN'INONES^ compelling na- 

C0K$TRICTION> a bimfing fa4l» or 
toiai hardy drawing the parts of a diing 
mer cofrtlMr, L. 

To CONSTRUCrr {w^atm, L.) to 
Wdi, to frame ; al(bto contriTe. 

CmiSTRUCTlON (m Gemffry) iMft^e 
dnwiag fath Ham of a figurt, at are neceil&iy 
hcfcnchaadt hi order to reader the damonAra- 
lioa mam plain and undeniable. 

CQMSTRuaTlVENHSS, the eibte of 
a tUa^ as to tta capacity of prododing a coo- 

OONSTRV«CTIV£, that tendt to con- 
inaion, that may be framed or made. 

To CONSTITPRATE (««>f«/rwi», L.) 
to dtflower a wooMn. 

t ftcbg of the (ame fobflsnce. 

fitf^mim, JL) to i9kc of the (amc fobftance. 

c o 

eONSU*STANTlA'TroK» the render- 
ing a body of the fame nature or fubftancd 
with fome other. 

This tern is commonly apply*d to tho 
Encharift, and is different ^oaktranftltftantia* 
tin in tbis^ that ihofe who hold IraifmbJUitm 
tiatiott believe the bread and wine, received 
at the facramenr, is the faine numerical an4 
identical body arid blood> which Chrift in hia 
human flate poiTrd ; but tbofe who hold rho 
dodrinc of cmfiUfftantiatioM aic of opinion that 
the btead and wine are reallv bread and wint 
after confecration as it was hefbre | but that 
by the confecration ft is. become as efficaciotoo 
to the falvataoa of mankind, as the vtry bod^ 
of Chrift which fuffered on the crofs. i 

CONSULTER iftU confulte, P. confiim^ 
L.) One who aiks coonfel 


condition or qoaKty. 

CONTACTION {ctMMBm, L.] a touch- 
ing. -^ • • 

COKTAGIO'SE 7 {coMfagiofift, L.) ftiH 

COKTA'OIOUS i of contagion^ infec- 
tbosy apttoinfeft. > 

*CONTA'GI0USNESS [of ctmiaiimx, r% 
ttMagtofyi, L.) infr^ioufneft, * 

OONTAM'tNATED {emtminam, t.l 
defiled, diluted. 

(X>NTEME'RATED [antimerahis,, L ) 

CONTfiMPLA'TION, an ad of tho 
nind, whereby it applies itfelf to confidet of> 
reflect on, ^t, any thirg. 

CONTBM'PLABLE {conUmpUhWs, t.) 
that may be meditated on ; openfy to be ftin^ 

CONTEM^PORARINESS (of ntitfmpb^^ 
rtfriuSt L*) the being at the (ante time* 

plativus^ JL.) addidednefs to contemplaliort* . 

CONTEM'PORAt (conitmf^ralh, L.) 
of the fiime time. 

CONTEMPORA'NEOUS (ci^ntrnpcfa- 
Ifeu's, L.) Kvmg both at the fame tttne, or la 
the Tame age. 

CONTEMPTIBIUTy {co^ttmftihiliw^ 
L.) contemptibleneA. 

CONTEMP'tlBLENESS ? (x>ftPnfmp* 

defenrijJgnefs'to be difpifed, ireannefs , vifencfs. 


LA fcomfulnefs. 

CONTENT'ED (conrmuSi t.) fatfcfied. 

CONTENT'EDNBSS {ctrntentrntnt, Fi 
€9iatntati0f L*) fadsfa^lfon of mind. 

CONTENTFUL, full of content | aUb 

CONTEN'TIOirSNESS 'of twttntiiux, 
F, cententiofuif L.) contentious humour. 

CONTENT'LESS, difconcentcd, unfa- 

CONTERRATCEOUS {twUirrptims, L.) 

of ^*'«^"« ^JP^J'* ed by GoO^g^ 

c o 

. CONTBR'MINOUS {aHferminta, L,) 
bordering netr or upon. 
CONTEST ABLENESS, liaUenefs to be 

. CON FEST'ED {etuuJU, F. ctMteftsiia, L.) 

• GONTINENTNESS [C9ntinaiet^ F. con^ 
iiiwiaa, L,) contincncy. 

' CONTINOENTNESS (eotttingeneej F* 
ifHtiMgeMttM, L.) contingency. 

CONTINf'GENT, the quoU of motley, 
ife, that Mil to any perfoi upoi a divifion. 

Futan CONTINGENT, (with l^icians) 

• «9f»iitional propofitioo that may or may not 
]|||»pta» acGfMxiinsascirciimttanoetiiiU. 

► CONTIN'U ALNESS (of fwtfwar/, jr. 
tMiimtu*^ ZO the being continual. ' 

CONTINUANCE ^ a ff^H at jtaion^ il 

nom one trrm to Aoocher^ In a cafe \»httrt 

iim.Q^Ct htf not ictumed or execated a 

fermer writ, iiTued out in the iaid action. 

'CONTf NU ATIVEi ^ftoilng ooacimnmce. 

CONTINUATOR one who continues or 
ptfries " affair. 

. CONTINUED Thrmh Rafi (ia M^/kk) 
is that which conclnues to play conftantiy, 
|i)t))jd»Hns the recitadvtt, aud to foftaan the 
chorus. ' • • 

( CONTINUED ^n^V«Pjt [AfUbmetick) is 
that where the confe^oent of the fiH^ Ratf9 
^.|he rame with the amecedent of the die- 
cond, as, 3, 6, 4, 8. « 

CONTINUITY {MmtmMtkMl) Is tneaely 
liaacinai^ and fictitious, !n that it fuppoica 
real or phyfical parts where there are none. 

CONTINUITY Fbjfical, is IWcriy that 
ibte of two or more parts or particles, where- 
by they appear to adhere or conftitofie one un- 
interrupted Quantity or ctm^uum^ 

CONTIN'UOUS Bodj, a body whofr parts 
are no way divided> 

CONTO'B.Ei a counting-table or fcriptore. 

CONTORT'ED (c9nt9rttn, i.) wreathed. 

CONTORrEDNiSS, witathednefs. 
. Gfod CONTRACT (in Law) a covenant 
or agreement with a lawful cauie or confide- 
ittcidn, as when a fum of money is given for 
Che leafe of a manor, dfr. or where one 
tlung is given for another, which is called -^id 

, Sitd or nudi CONTRACT (in Law) 
where a man promifcs to pay xo AilHngs, 
and afterwards rcfufes co do it, no oBion will 
be againft him to recover it, becanft the pro* 
mUe #a» no tenCract, hot a bane promife, 
bat if any thiog, tho' but the value of two 
pence, had been given for the lo ihillings, 
it had been a good contract. 

CONTRACTILE Forte, is osM of fuch 
a body, which when extended has a property 
of drawing itfelf op again, to the fame di- 
menfion, that it was in before the extenflon. 

COT^RAC'TION (in Phjfok) is the di- 

tnifiifting the extent or diimenfions of a body, 

i or brineinj of it* parts clofer to each other j 

i»pon which it becomes heavlH-, hardcij &c. 

• CO 

CONTRACTION (laGr^ails^) the »•• 
da£Hon of two vowels or fyllablesmto «att 

CONTRACTION {jikotmjf) the flniofc* 
ing up of a fibre, or an aflemblage of fibrot^ 
when extended. 

CONTRADICTION, a fpecies of direa 

oppofitioo, wherein one thing it directly op^ 

po^ to another, F. of L. 


CONTRADietORINESS J tradiaia^ 

t.) aptneis, ^c, to conlradkt; 

CON'TRA Harmtaical Propvrtm (in Afai- 
Jick) that relation ' of three terms, wherda 
tbe dMIerance of the firp and fcnmi U to the 
difieretkce of Hkefetltnd and ibird^ at the iJHird 
n to tbe j^>f. 

CQNTRANI'TENCY (of ^afra and »'• 
Ml/, L,) « refifting igainft oppofitian. 

CONTRAPOSITION, a putting againlM^. 
CONTRAPOSITON (widi Lt>giaam),mM 
altering of the whole fbbject lotti the iamne 
predicate j and e cpntrap retaining both tbt 
faAe ^aantity and the fame quality | bat alter- 
ing the terms irom finite to infinitt ) aa evurf 
tmm is an am'tmli tbftftrt ipvmy, thing that 
is an animal is not a man, 

CONTRARIETY {twtrarim0s, L.) op. 
pofition, difagreement. 

CONTRARIES (with Lt^dam) it when 
One uiing is oppofed to another, at Gght t9 
ddrkitefs, fight to biindmefi, 

CONTRARINESS [canrfnet/^ F. tm* 
trarietasp L,) contrariety. 

CONTRA'RY {tmitrarint, L.) oppote 
things are faid to be contrary, the natural or 
^ualitetefwUch araabfolutely dlffisrent^ and 
which deftroy one another. 

'CONTRAST^ (<Mrn!/i/» F.) adfiareiiBe, 
an oppofition, X. 

CONTRAST (in P4rVi/f«/, a^c.) fiinifiea 
an oppofition or difference of pofition, attitad^ 
^c. of two or more figures te make a Va- 
riety in the defign, as when in a froup of 
three figures, one app^rs befiaie, aaotber be« 
hind, the other fidewayt. 

To CONTRAST (with jtrebitM^ istka 
avoidiag the repetition of the fame thrag in 
order to pleafe by variety. 

mil CONTRASTED FigAra fm P^iar- 
ing and Sculptan) are fuch as are lively aial 
exprefs the motion proper to the defign of tlia 
whole piece, or of any panicolar gnnp, 

CONTRAVENTION, a contraveidng. 
infringement, &c* a fiulure in a man of per« 
forming or diTcharging his word, obligatioa^ 
duty or the laws and cuftomt of the place ; 
fometimes it is ufed to figoify the sion-e«ecii«> 
tif.n of an ordinance or edict, fuppofed to be 
only the effect of negligence or igneranco* 

CONTRAYER'VA, a plant hitbeiT^ 
Indies^ much ufed with othert la counter* 
poif»ns, and which diftillers with us ule ta 
ftrong waters. 

CONTRIBOTTOR [cwtrihta^it, FA onA. 
tliat gives or does towards tbe doing of lome- 
thing;, t. ^, CON« 


COWTRIBUTOrV (firi oMnMj F. 
m»ik a immf s I^) belonging to coatribation. 

(XMrTRiTE {cmtrittuy LA i. Bruifed^ 
■Kb worn : s. worn witli (orrowy Junaf- 
U with M>c ienft o^ gv>lt> penitnnt. In 
tke books of dhnpet, €aittritt it finrrowfnl ftr 
fit, Aoa tht love of Ood» and defi/c of 
plofioS biin 9 and MtrtUta forrowfol lor fifl> 
fam tbe fear of poniftment. 
I lKl«^^tbodjr hste ioCBTed now } 
Aad on it have beftoiM mora cmiritt ttattt * 
TliB from it HTood ioeed droM uf blood. 
^hskff. H. V. 
With tears 
Wafng thcgronnd^ aad with oor fighs the 

Freqacndng, £eiit from hearts ttmritt, in fign 
0f famw vafe^ned, andhnnittatioo meek* 
JIf/r. Par. L^. 

c o 

COnWkOrSO HjperMs (BlathM.) H 
one whofe cdncave legs bend in towai^ OM 
another, and ran both the fame way. 
COMVER'OINO Rofi 7 in OftM) 

rays that MTue A 
frotd Airen *^ 

are choi^ 


points of <A 6b- TV ^^ 

jea, and ineliii6 ^sMv^ 

towards on^ a- ^s/^ 


COHTRITENESSyCoonitaon, repentance* 

CONTRITION. I. The act of grinding 
«aMog Id powder. 

s. Pbteicc, finow for fin, hi the ftrlct 

friitsof mors pleafing iavonr, from thy 
Ibed fewn with emritam In his heart, than 
tbofe which Us own hand manniingy than all 
thi tsoes of Parafife conld have )^aced. 
JMF4r. P», L^. 

CONTtUVE'MENT, device, ingamityin 
CDBtnnngy W% 

CONTROL'LERSHIP, the oiBce of a 

GONTROLTblENT (of «narraAr, T.) cos- 

istsic or circa mitances* 



fn, L.) ftfTTiis r h fainr fr 
ODirruSED (of ctMtm/MS, L.) bniifed^ 
CONVENIBNTNESS {eomftMsemia, L.) 

CONVENTICLE {eufptnthubivh L.) a 
lititc private aflcmbly for rcCgioiis ezercifes, a 
aawe firft given tn the meetings of Tnht 
^uSf, mote than too ycirt a^, bat fincc 
10 the meetings of the Nmepn/ormt/h. 

CONVENTION, a treaty, contra^ or a- 
giecaKnt between two or more partim. 

CONVER'OENT 7 (cotva^m, L. ) 

CONVSR'OINO i bowing or bending 

CONVERGENT Lints (in Gttmetry ) are 
U tt contiiaaliy approxiiBate, or wheft 
diftsnoet become Idfs and left. 

CONVERGING Sviu (in MMihtwutieh) 
I msdmd of opproatimation ftjli ncaicr and 
«sRr tDwsrds the true root of any mimber 
ft Cfoation, even tho* it be impoffible to find 
•tt any fitli «i« loHi la Mmbcn. 

nother, till at 

hift they meet 

afld ciwf, and 

then become 

diverging rays, 

fsthenys AMBM are cbAvef^ to thtf 

point M, and then diverfte and run off irofli 

each other in the lines MC hi D. 

CONVER'SABLENESS (of twofftr^ R 

fnovftH^ L,) eafined of being eOnVedef 

with, fociableneft. 
CONVER'SE (in Gwmtifj) ^ ^ropodtion 

is faid to be the eonverfe of another, when 

after drawing a conclufloft £rom ibmething IM 

fappofed, we proceed to futile what Ixadbeeif 

before concluded, and to draw from it whu 
iiao been luppofed. 

CONVER'SION (in MiUt, 4fMin) h 
when fbldiers are ordered to pfefent taeir aiint 
to the enemy, who sttack them in flank, 
whereas they are fuppoied to b^ before in the 

CONVERSION tfEfMthHt (with jfgi^ 
iraijh) a particular manner of cnandng ait 
equation, which is commonly done, when the 
t^oantitjr fought, or any nrember or degree of 
It is a fraaion-; the manner of doing it ti by 
mvlttplying the whole number by the deno- 
minator of thefraaional part, and then omit- 
ting the denominators, the equation is cond- 
need in the nnmerators only s as foppofe 

jMif +*+*, then multiply all 

br ^, and it will ftand thus ;' 
' 4*^dbt=zaaJ^ceJ^~db + db. 

CONVERSION of RMth's (with An'th^ 
wtetidans) n the comparing the antecedent 
with the difference of the antecedent and con- 
feqaent m two equal ratio's or proportions. 
As tf there be the Tame ratU of ^ to 4, at of 
9 t^ 12, it is concluded, then is the fame 
ratio of ^ to 2» as of 9 to 6. 
* CONVERSION (with Rbttcintiant) % fi- 
gure the fame as j^Jlnfbi, pr the changing 
the ibbjea into the place of the predicate, 
and r antra ; bnt always tttaioiog the fame 
quantity of propofitions, as every living erta^ 
rnre is an nmmalf every n/iimii is d living 

CONVER'SIVE, fi)cisMe, ftTr. 
CONVERS'LY (in MatUmatieh) tran- 
fiatively $ at when two right lines are fuppofei 
to be pataitel, and aaother croffes them, it 

^ Digitized by CiOOglC ^ 


MfWxlcflMBflnted thtk tbe aHernite an- 

fkt aft e^iuly the fioet which tn crofled 

soft be parallel. 
OOHriRTIBU-'ITY f *Af,F. ««««•- 

H^t, L.) poffibUtty, ^r. of bemg changed 

CON'VEX GAi^ are fiich at a9 oppo- 
§tt to Ctffftffi, thicker in the middle than at 
the edges { or, properly fpeaking, when their 
Ibrfice rifei op icgulerly above the plain of the 
kife i and « contra s thofe glaflet are r«id to 
fcecooea?e» when the furftce finks down re- 
^larly, or with a regular aookedneft below 
it ; fo that the fame glsis or other thing Is 
•ftentimca'COavcK no this ootfide and concave 

CONVEX tins, is either convex on both 
fides, and called emvexo^wvtXj or it is plain 
fo one Jide|, and convex oo the tther^ and is 
called PfSii9't9mftx» 

CONVEX'ITY (twiwntfit, L.) the ex- 
terior fur&ce of a convex* A e. a gibbons 
and globttlar thing, in oppofition to concavity, 
•r the hiBer fiurfact which is hoUow or de- 

CONVSrNESS (ccmxi, P.^reavcri- 
Ut, L.) convexity. 

CONVICTION, fuU pitMf, P.ofL. 

CONVIN'OINGNESS 7 ( of wnw/a- 

vlncing or condemning quality. 

To COirVOC ATE {etmnesrt, L.) !• call 

CONVOCATION (of eomfocsre, U to 
call together) is a general aflcmbly or fyiwd 
of all the clergy in the nation, convened by 
the king*s writs to confolt about the affairs 
of the church. 

The king diieAs his writ to the archbifliop 
of each province, requiring him to fnmmons aU 
the biAope, deans, arch-deacons, 9<» Upon 
this the archhiIhot> directs his mandate to his 
dean provincial, firft citing him peremptorily, 
then wilUng him in like manner to dte the 
bifliope, flfr. directing him, that one proctor 
from a cathedral and colk^te church, and 
two k^ the body of the an|erlor clergy of each 
diocefe is fufficient. 

The convocation is divided into two bodies, 
called the uffer and iewert The upper for 
Canteriyry confiils of ai biihops, of which 
the archbiibop is prefident, and the lower houfe 
of 1% deaqs ; 24 prebesdaxics, 54 arch-deacons 

Matters are firftpropofedyin the upper houfe, 
aqd afterwards communicated to the lower. 

All the members of both houfes have the 
fame privileges ibr themielves and mental (Ser- 
vants, as the members of parliament have. , 

CONU'SANCS, cognifance, knowledge. 

CONVtJL'SED [€6mm(/iu, L.) drawn or 
fuUed together. 

CONVUL'S:VE{«fjie;^wf, L,) pcrtaw- 
i&g to ccavuJilions | a term app'ied by phy- 


iidaoi to Ihole mMqat, whkh fiatsnSf 
ihonU depend on the wOl 1 but which be<« 
come onvoluntftiy by Come eitonal caaie. 

CONVULSIVE Matimi (#i£[i PMy««) 
are fudden and fwift convulfions i(n^ fikii^ 
that ceafe and return agahi by turns. 

CONVULSION, a polliogorteMgtt* 
gether ; alfo a diftortion, L. 

COOICS, were incor- 
porated in die year 14$!, 
and confirmed by queen 
ElifSMbttb^ and afterwards 
bykfng>ai«ill. Their 
armorial enfigns are, «r- 
FASf a chevron ingraylM 
JMble between thiee co- 
lombinet, the creft a 
pheafant ftandbig on a mount (upon a belast 
and torfe) the fopporters a buck and doe, adi 
vubed with an arrow all proper. T^ M(* 
to, VahtratimnnfiGu 

Their haU is on the e^;/! fide of AUir^ 
firitt nenLittit^Britam. 

COOL'NESS (cealfenerre, Anr.) c«ri 

ToCOOPfr^(ofcopi, &«r«) to put «p ii 
a pen. 

ing together with. 

COOP£R3y were incor- 
porated antto 1530, in the 
name of Mafier and XPtfr« 
isei or JCft^pertof the com* 
monality of the fh«« 
man of the myftetir of 
Cnapett ui tmdnt, and the 
fttburbs of thj|, ftme city. 
Their arms are party per pale l9iH sai <''> * 
chevron between three hoops, in a dM 
asure. Their fupporters two camels, thdr 
creft an eagle winged, funnoonted on a tone 
and helmet. 

COORDIN A'TION (b PM*) «» «ff^ 
of Caoies, is an order of cao&, wheiefa fe- 
veral of the fame kind, order and tendtfCf 
concur to the produ^Hon of the fame ef&ct 

COORIDINATEL Y of «m and tHi^Oai^ 
L.) in equal order. 

COOR'DINATENESS, equaUiyef orfer, 
rank or degree. 

COP ART'NERSHIP (hf wejnd,^*^ 
L.) a being partners together. 

COP 7 at the begioohig of i oijM «r^ 

COPE 5 nifies » top of en hill, » 
Copehnd. ^ 

COPAWiE Bsifamm, a feit <»f g«»». 
which diftils like turpentine torn a caum 
tree in Bra^L 


COPE (cop, 5«r.)a tribute jasMMbe ] 
king out of the lead ounes in mt^mtti^ 

CcfrERWC AN ^jfiem (fbcaH?d of (^«*J 
/w Opermois, the inventor or tohtf ««»»* 



kjiiftQiftcaioftheworldt vhotifttbefsslt 
iffbttA at ttA, and the plancti with the earth 
(» dtfcribe diipfei roood him. The heavent 
tad fart are hoe feppofed at reft; and that 
baa! motioa they totm to have from £^ 
ft Wt/I, it repoted to be the earth's aocifia 

ThefoaWfif found to be a body more than 
300 dmes Vigfer than our earth, it Aimed 
tfapoftenwt that fi^vighiy a body of fire (bould 
vhirJ rovod 6 Jaffc a circle tt thit fphere. 
acBOidiog to the ^tkinmdt ffittm, m lb ibort 
p time at 34 hoort (when, accordion to kt 
comfoted dtttncpi he muft move 7570 mtlet 
ia a inioatr.) It vat thotfbre more reaCbna- 
Ue to believe that the eatth Wat feated in the 
%htte that PVtfevy had placed the fun in» and 
that the fvB wat plactd in the center; fot ^y 
Chac meant, V tke earth bot tdtn round upon 
itt awn aadt in 24 hoon, every fide of it it 
CnmadtD the foo, and confequcntly a day 
and a tiAt it alfivded to all itt inhabiUntt, 
at the neceffity of the fan't or earth't 
\ ib vaft a joomey at l;he circle of itt 
nqniica. HftkttMrefore placed the fun 
In the center, with riib other motioa than 
tvaing found apon itt own axii» which it- 
fufomt in 17 dayi and a half. He alfo fup- 
|c6i the fiin to be farroanded with a vtft 
/pace of Mther, of many milliont of milea 
eiieaty which it called itt ynrtat, which 
Mihtr'n carrkd round with the fun ; and be* 
caafe (be planett ikat in it, they aUb are ear- 
ned b a continual circuit from U^ejl to Eaft 
mend the (on in certain periodical timei, ac- 
ceriiagtotheirnearnert or diftance from the 
im. The earth it one of thefe planets, and 
\n toother attending her, v/x* the moon ; 
lor that pboet belongs to ut only, being in a 
tuciBttal circuit round thit earth* and with it 
cvried 00 in the tnnoal circuit that the earth 

Itbet round the fan. The ufe of it being to 
adrd'tbe i«n beamt to ut at fucl^ timet at be 
i|tne horn u?. The other planett have the 
ib conccmitantt. Ju^ttr hat four, and 
kan five, as is fuppofed for the fame rea- 


fas; and boeanfe thnfe plaaaN tm fo mvdi 
farther diftant from the fun than we as^ 
they have nf confequence occafion for moie 
moont than we have. It it otttaia \n ocolaK 
demonftration, that there ane four littk pla* 
nett, called SmielUta^ which are in '^^^rinwai 
circuit round about Jt^ur, and aie fi» ingulan 
in thdrmociootthatthr^cUpfea of tham ara 
calculated, and thereby a g;mit help found oul 
to the conrefting of thr .maps* Scethaafaoie 

COPER'NICUS, an infttnaeat caatiifol 
by Mr. fmjim for the cakolatioa and Aew* 
ing of eclipio, and the OBotiont of the pltnett* 
It confiflt of fevtral coneentrical circlet 0^ 
wood, upon whkh ara marked numbeittakea 
out of the afbonomical tablet, anfwertng t0 
the feveral purpofet above mcndonod,ani 
whkh coma very ngar to enftaefi. 

COl>UIO (in Arebiteaun) the top of 
a building or the brow of a wall, n^de Hoping 
to carry off the wet. 

CaPIOOSNES^ (of c^tmt, P. €9fUfut, 

COPTER (ag^aw, L. h^, IHu) % 
red metal. The fpacifick gravitv of cpp* 
per comet next to that of filvof} beuigtDthat 
of gold as 8 to- 10, to that of water at % 
to 1, aod to that of filvar, at 8 to 10^ It ia 
the moftelaftickandionQioutofaUmctalt. 

COPROCRiriCA (of 11^, dung, and 
fiertnu of Jecrmo, I«.)madicinet which pai|a 
away the excrement of the gntt. , 

To COPOJLATE (cofiUtre, L.) to joift 

To CO<^T' {cpfuettr, /*.} to ba a CO*. 
qoet or general lover. 

CORACOBRACHIi£'US (of a/ea(,anl 
iratbhtm, L, an arm) a muicle arifing ham 
the end of the Prtitfu* f0ratoidtt ol the 
fhoulder.blade, and it inferted to the middk 
part of the Os humeri* Thit mufde movaa 
the arm upwardt and turns it loniewhat oh- 
liquely ootwardt. 

CORAOOH YOIDi£'US (with Aaaimijh 

afnip^ aod ttM'^ Cr. form) mufclet which 
ke their rife from the proceft of the fhoal- 


der-bladtf, railed etrawdts, and go m far at 
the bonet iy^idu, the ufe of them it to nova 
obliquely downwtrdt. 

COR'AL {etraUum^ L. ofntfiXm, Gr.)o 
(hoot from t rock, that recelvet the form of a 
plant, it growt under deep hollow rockt m 
nrtany places in the Mtdittrramtn fea and elfe- 
where, and is, while growing, of feveral 
colours, as white, red, black aod fky-hlue'; ' 
and 'fome it of two colouit, red and black 9 
and feme is found green, afli coloured, yeU 
!ow aod brnwi) ; the e .ds of the branchet *a 
faid to be plainly itoching but wood, tho* the 
other parts are coral ; from whence it hat 
been ccocluded that it it formed by a petrefy- 
ioe juice, and that, like fruit, it^it not lad 
till ripe. 

COR AL- WORT (of cortUium, L.) an hcr^. 

Digitized by vaOi COR- 


G O 

COR'BELS (is Ftrt^tMim) finall 

loi wkh«tfCiiy and fJaccd opM the pan- 
^ afr. Ittfteg pon-holei left ktw««a to 

^ •«>« the awDir «ndtr oofcit. 

eoilBEl^U^S (>a ArcbittBtti) A piacs of 
ctrM4 «MrlE in Ibrm of a balcet f«U of flpw- 
Mt m4 frvk* ftr inMriiig fo^M orMoicnt* 

OOHOE Air (fa rtrti/Umim) a Uoe ditid* 
«i JMo lii^MDs, W, frc. #9r markbg of 

•**^ r« B CORD'WAINERS, 
(C$rdtitmitt, F, which 
H/UmMgius derivet of Gpr- 
iAkmm, a Idiid of leather 
brcwftht from Cordova in 
^«, of which thagr 
feeanorly made the up- 
per leather of their tfioea. 
. ThaFrmr^workinfiiy 
who f repaie the leather, 

T)icre are in Parit two focietlea, who bear 
the title of ^^^^* Conkmuen, Brodien 
Shoemafccn; eftaWiflitd by luthoritf aboot 
llienMdla of theXVIIth century, the one 
imaer ^ t«oteftioft of St. Of>», a^ the 
•ther of St. CHfisimt^ two fakiti who had 
InrmeHy honoured the profeffiea. 

Tb^ live in coaamunity, under the diiec- 
tfon of fiaed Itatutes and oAcen, the pro- 
4ttce of the (hoet th«r ""ke «>e» into the 
conSMB fteck to HtvMk necefiaries for thefar 
iWpport, and the farplufage foes to be dUtii- 

CORINTHIAN Ordtr [vn Arebiteaurt\i9 
taUed becaufe columni were lirft made of that 
proportion at Corinth, It It the nobleft, mo9t 
deKcate and rich of all othen. Its capiul is 
adorned with two rowi of leaves, between 
which •rife little ftalks or Camlicoks, whereof 
the vohites are formed that fuppcrt the aha^ 
€MS, and which are in number fixteen, the 
Mght of the ptllart contains tdat of their 

COR'KEA Laffir, a tough, tafteleft mafs, 
•Imoft like horn, made by pouring fpirit of 
ialt, or ftrong brine of I'alt and water on 
ebryfiab of 6lver prepared, or by diflblving 
filver in •f«#/srf7i, or fpirit of nitre. 

CORNEA a<Ji/i tunica (with jinatvmijft) 
the iecond coat of"the eye, otherwife called 
StitHtti, and tutiua Jurs, which proceeds 
from a membrance cr fkin in the brain, calkd 
Jura memftXy being tranfparent forward, in or- 
der V) fend fdrfh the TifiWe fpteiti, and con- 
taining the aqueous matter, L. 

To CORN, to feafon with fait lightly. 
CORNHSD (jtcojineb, Sax,) feafoncd with 

c o 

eptNER^JP^ (of <erad; Biit) V7 Vtf 


CORVER Tfeih (of a Horfe) are the four 
• aeeth which aie placed betv.-ecn the middle 

teeth and the tufl^s j being two above and 
^t¥ro below on eacbfide rbe iaw, which put 

forth when a horfe is four years and an half 


CO&'NET (with Cbymifii) a paper head 

in form of a oooe to cover a chyaiical vcflei. 

CORNET<of ^/cr) a pieceof paper woaad 

akmt in the flupe of a horn, foch as groaeiiy 

f^e% wrap up fmall quantitiee of waras in. 

COR'NICE (with Arebiua9) the cteft or 
flottriihing works at the upper end of a pillar, 
which differs according to the feveral orders. 
CORNICE (with J«iim\ an omamcatiet 
round the top of a room, 9r. 

Jrcbitravi CORNICE {ArcbittSan) h 
that immediately contiguous to the architnve, 
the friae being retrenched. 

Csvfflf CORNICE, one which has a grot 
cafemate or hollow in it; commonly ktb*d 
and plaiftered upon compaiiy %roketi or !»&• 

Oaadimv CORNICE, one that has on- 
talivers underneath it. 

hUdiHfm CORNICE, a coniee withino* 
dilions under it. 

MuHlatid CORNICE,b ooe whofeprojcaan 
is cut or interrupted* to the ifghtof the larmier, 
or reduced into a platband with a cimaiie. 

C O R N I 'C U L AT £ (lanuaidSffi^, I.) 
horned or havbg home. 

CORNIGENOUS {trnnimm, I,) of thit 
kind that has home. 

COR'NU Amnnhf an cctraoidiBary kifld 
of ftone, which in vtaegar, juice of \tmcB$, 
^i. has a motion like that of an animal, Xr. 
CORNUCO'PIA (in Paimifig, ftc.)tiR- 
prefented by the figure of k large hoAi « 
a woman holding it, out of the wide end cf 
which iflue oat flowers, fruits, Cfe. 

CORNUTB (with CA^j(»«) aftiUorkw 
mattralsi having a crooked neck coveitd win 
earth or loam an inch thkk, to which ii 
joined a receiver, fet in water, to draw fi** 
or Otis out of woods, minerals, and other thiap 
which require a ftrong heat. 

COR'ODIES, allowances from foiot m^ 
ndfteries to bifliopB. 

COROL'LARy (with Matbem0tkitiit)» 
an ufeful confcquence drawn ftam fometluij 
that has been advanced before, as w«. tW 
a triangle that has thrtt Jtdts epttl, hfi*9> 
two angles equal i and thb eonfeeuence m^ 
be inferred, that a triangle, aU whofe ttfU 
fyUt are efual, hat alf> its Hfret angle* *f««- 
CORONA, or the fat cmt^ (in Af^' 
tef^urt) a member in a i>«r/r* gate, msde^ 
fo extraordinary an cnUrgemcnt of WMrj 
or larmier, that it has fix times more breadia 
than the proje^re. 

CORO'NA Btrealis (whh ji/fnfm^)* 
nortbcn conftellation confifting of •»»« ^ 
ftars, L, fj>g^ 

CORO'NA Mtridionalis (wrth.4»rww»^ 
a fowthem conftellation oi thirteen «?"• ^. ^ 
CORONA (on GMa) this is fa«» W*J 
^/a^af^s opwn. thU crown has nioc iwj 

Digitized by 




tk lie tSmk, at which three ne hri||ht> 
l|lKri at the ierpeiit*s head near the bean, 

COJtXMfAL, belongrng to a crown. 

CORONATE (With AfUttvmift) the cork 
ftne oOBe or foi cfeead*' kona^ &»• 

CORONARY Gardm^ a flower-gai^en. 

COfRONET of ^ horfe. SeeOmrf. 

CORCXNIS (in Jnhittawn) the cornice or 
•^onttflMBt ofa pfllir or otheriaemben of 

COR'PORAL 0fm tit^ aa officer whofe 

litli «o look ea'air the faaall (hot and 
arwy to keep theoD dean with due propor- 
tioai ef flMtch, Qfr. and to oerciie the 
eeikefeert on flup«board* 

COR'PORALNESS -> ftptferalitin, L.) 

CORTORATENESS L bodiKoefe, bodUy 

OORPCyRSALHrESS i fabftance. 

CORPORATION [Commcm Ltnv) a com- 
pttf rf muk oaited and joined together into 
oaefcOowidpy of which one ic the head^ and 
tt» icftaie the body, havng a charter from 
tbeldaii empowering them to have a com- 
Mafid, and to he ahle by theh* common 
aaftnc to grant or receive in law any thing 
vilhii the cooapaft of their charter. 

<X)RPORATION SpiritMl, Md ^ dead 
f^fmmLmm^ wai a corporation eftabliflied 
bf the Ung and pope, confifthigof an abbot 

GQRPOltEODS {tPfftreut, L.) that is 
^•r bdonging to a bodily fobftaace. 

eOEPORJFlCATION, a making into a 

fooWS i^riitkAnhitfaan) a term figni/y- 

■I lay part that projeds or advancet beyond 

thi aakei part of a wtll> and whkh fervea 

•> t fraoad for fome decoration. 
€0R'POLEKCy 7 (coPfmUmia, L,) 
COR-PULENTNESS^ Ugneis, bulking. 

acB or ttoflasu or ooev* 
tX)RTUS (f . d. fmtpeus, bceaafe it ii 

iabjea to corruption} the bulk or material 

ftttd ainah» vepublei, &c. 

CORPUSCLES (with Natural Pbihfo- 
fim) chafe fflhwce parts or partklet, or phy- 
ied atooM of a body^ by wliich it is not 
Mat the thmtmar^ parts, ncr thofe prin- 
opfci, which cbvmifts call Sypc/^atitaJ^ bat 
M particles, whether of a iirople or com- 
90ia4ed nataic, the parts pf which will not 
W diiblfedy disjoined ordiflipsted by ordinary 
degpcca of heat. 

CORPfiacULA'RUN, one wko holds 
the oorfpofettlar principles. 

OORFU5CULAR7TY(ofa^>rto, L.) 
«»feft«lar quality. 

OORREeriO (with Rbetond^) k a 
%ttr, when .the orator uniayt what be hat 
jhwdy Cud, and iays rooiething more fit 
> dhe ftcad of it. The fame as EpoMoriUfii, 

CORRECT'IIESS (of cvrri^i, L.) riie 

CORRHCTOR^ W4 who cocreeil or a- 

^^■^^ lit 

c o 

CORRECTOOinJM (la the IMaffsi^ 
At) any thing that iienrcs to comet or im« 
prove medidnes. 

CORREyATIVENESS (of umhttv^^ 
L,) die having a motnal relation ode 1% 

CORRESPOm^EKCY (t^ntffmndiMp 
Jt») a holding a mutual intelligence, com* 
meice and famiHiRty with ; alfo an aniwe»» 
ing, fitting, agreeing, oc the proportion of 
ooe thing #ith another. 


CORRO'SIBLENESS (in Cbym^) th«^ 
faculty or liablejiers of heing cotroded. 

CORRO'SION (hi Mtdidne) an eating a* 

way by any fait hnmour orcorrofive medidne* 

CORRO'SI VENESS, a quality diat fiMoa 

liquon, called mtnfintum, have of diffolving 


COR'RUCATED {tcnugaimt, L.) 
eORRUPTIBIL'ITV 7 (in Ma^hy. 
CORRUPT'IBLENESS S J^ks)z liable* ' 
aeis to be corrupted, a power not to be. 

CORRUPTIBlLIY/'Mt wthm^ is when 
a thing contains virithin iticlf, the prindplta 
of its own deftro^on. 

CORRUPTIBILITV fim wthmt, h 
when a thing is liable to be defiroy'd by (bene 
external prindpie. 

COKKU?TmLEllESS{eorrypMlit/^ F. 
arrmptihilitat, f».) corruptibility. 

CGRRUPTl'CGLiC, a fc^ of heretidcs^ 
who hold that the body of Jtf^t CbriftvtTM 
corruptible. > 

CORRU'PTION 0/ Bbod (in Lam) is aft 
infe^ion that happens to the blood, iflue and 
eftate of a man attainted of creafonand fiflooy^ 
Whereby he forfdtsall to the king or other 
loid of the fee, and both he and his children 
are readcied igpoble ; and beiides, his iflue 
cannot be bdr to him, or to any other anceftoT 
of whom he might have clahned by him. 
CORRUPT'NESS, badncfs, naoghtincfs. 
CORTES, ihe dates or the afiionbly of 
the ftates in Mmdrid, 

COR'TEX Winurimm$^ a kind of dnna* 
mon, firft brought from the IndHi by oaa 
captain H^nUr, 

CORTICAL part of the brain (with^^lto* 
tomifis) the external barky fubftahce of the 
brain, full of turnings and windiaga on the 
outfide, it is covered with a thin ficfai of an 
a(h and grifly cobur. The ufe of it is thooghc 
to'^ to breed the animal fpiritt, and many 
ai^atomids do there place the feat o' memory . 
and deep. 

COR'TICATED [cmkahit, L.) kavng 
the bark pul!ed otf. 

COR'TICOUSNESS Icfewticftn, F.) foU 
mtCtof, orUJceneitt, efc- to bark. 

CORUSCA'TIONS {corrmfeatittfa, of 
€erwfegrt, L. to lighten, tf<.) flafliea.that 
may be Q$nM.Mf ar« exkalasi^)n|pread aoder 

Jf Digitized by VaOi. *^' 

c o 

CM ciMd only, wBieh by motion, runaing 
d«wiiwar4i, is fet on fire, and flaiheth much 
after th« fame manner as a tOKh newly put 
tmt, and yet fmoakiog, which is by tam^ 
vkikmt and fodden motion again enkindled* 

To COSEN, to defraud, to cheat. 

COSEKaGE, cheating, defrauding. 

-COSMOCENY (jKw/tM>fvui, of ata-fj^, 
the world, .and ymd. Or. geoeratioD) the 
crMtion or original of the world. 

COSrET, a Jamb, colt, calf, &c. fallen 
«nif brought up 1^ hand widioutthe dato. 

To COST ^insfiartt L.) to be parchaied 
fovapi'idili ;'' *' 

COS'TiC, the ribs, or thofe bones which 
with odver -bones make tiie tbora* Or cheft, 
bdog joined backwards with the -vtrttbra^t of 
thfe^iaHc, and forward with the eartUaget or 
friftlea of thtjhtnum } they are i% in Dum-' 
her on each fide. 

rCOSTAL (of c^^r, L,) belonging to the 

•COSTIVE {amflipatmiy L. ewjtip^, F.) i. 
Bmind in the body, havSi^ the e)£credons ob- 

(When the paflage of the gall becomes ob- 
Ihaifted, the body grows r^/trvf, and the ex- 
crements of the beJly white. Brown, 

'IVfaile fafter than his cofiitfe brain indites, 

Piwi0*s quick hand in flowing letters writes; 

His cafe appears to me like honeft Tcagtie^s, 

.When he was ruii aw^y wfth by his legs. 

2.. Gkfe, wipermeable. 

•Clay in dry. feafons is e^roe^ liardening, 
with the fun and wind, *tiU unlocked by in- 
duftry; fo a&to kdmitof the air and fieaven- 
ly influences. Mon^i Hufiandrf^ 

GDSTI VENESS, the flate of the body in 
which, excretion is obftruded. ' 

Ctfiivenefs difperfcs malign and putrid fumes 
out of the guts and mefentery into all parts 
ol^the body, occafiooing head-aches. i«vers, 
lofs of appetite, and diAurbance of concoction. 

COjST'LY, of gnat price. 

COSTLINESS, the coiling a great price. 

-COST'MARy, an herb. 

COS'TONS, chaids of artichokes. 

COT ? (of cot, Sax. a little honfe, cot* 

COTE 5 tage or hut) added to the name 
of a f lace, intimate that the place was deno- 
minated from foch a thing ; as CotthiJ/, Cotf, 
v/fU bi Oloueefier/birt, Sec . 

COTEM/PORARY-(of«M and temfii^ra- 
ritts^.U) of, belonging to, or being at thf 
fame time. 

COTYLEDON (in Amitmy) the cavity 
ofjtbe lmckIe*baoe, that is appointed to re- 
ceive the head of the thigh-bone. 

COT Yl^SDON'ES (^>:*r#wy) certain glan- 
dules that are in feme creatures, but n^t in 
woflnen, | they are difpoied op and down ■ (he 
cb9rUn or botermoft membnaes which cover 
the fmtati -^i«ir ifile'Hi to Uft^xe. the nntri- 

doof joiee hem thfei wonh lor the flovriflntet ' 
of thf fmtus* They are caUed CetyledtM 
from the lefemblance they b«ar to the lovei 
of the. herb called Cotyla or nenny-woit ; alfi» 
the gaping ne^p of the veins in the 

To COUCH (with fFrUtn, ht.) tocos* 
prehend or oompriic. 

COUCH (with PittnUft)ti lay or hnytef. 
fion of coloor, whether in ou or water, whece- 
with f he. painter coveit hir cahvas; or k it 
the ground-bed or bafii ok which any ooloor 

CQUCH'ED (of €ittich€r, F.) coa|iiifedQr 
qonfealed in. 

COUDEE'lS (in Fortijkgtitm) ace ISnei that 
return back from the end of thft trendui, 
ipid run almoft parallel .with the 'plice at- 
tacks, F. 

COVERING (in ArebiteStirt) atennnftd 
of boufes that are built pM^aing forth oitr 
the grou4id-plot, and tha,t is tnmeil with a 
quadrant /of a drcle .(orfenu-flrch)«f tuBbtff 
which ja lathed and plaiftesttl^ abler, whidi 
people may walkdry, - 

COVENANT, the nsmeof ft writ thit, 
lies lor the breach of coveitaotft ; 

COVENANT P4rfiMlf is whei« a maa 
agrees, with another to do hiai fqme work or 
fervice, &c, 

COVPNAKT rW, Is thit bf wUch i 
man obliges or ties hirafclf to ^ a thiog 
that ia teal^.as laadaor tenemiNBtiy to levy a 
fine, &e, 

CO' VENT (in £««) the ibdtty flk'itfba- 
bers of an abhey or pnoty. 

CO'VENTRY Be«$ (with Fiarifii) a kind 
of flower, 

COVERtlCT (cmtfrefiff, F.)acownit 
for a bed. 

COVERT (among HMttrt) atbieketor 
(hady place for deer or other beaib| a (hekff 
or hiding place. 

CO'VERTNESfi (of <wwrr, F.)hidta- 

COUNCIL (in Oiurcb Ui/hrf^ h a fynod or 
afl'embly of prelates and doctors met (at tbs 
regulating of matters relating to thedoctrineof 
dtfdpline of the church 

^'l^rwrifciW COUNCIL^ Is an aflembly 
of the prelates of a province, onder the ne« 

A National COUNCIL, is an affemhlf 
of the prelates of a ^tion dnflef thdr pri- 
mate or patriarch. 

An Onaammai COUNCIL J is an afieffiUf 

A Genn-aiCOXTSClL J of all diepre- 
lates in Gir^tniom, * ^ 

A COUNCIL •/ Wtr, is an afl«nWy of 
the principal officeit of an army or deet, oc« 
cafionally called by the general or adoiirsl to ; 
confider of the prefcnt ftate'-of tKiigi, vA 
concert meafures for their conduct, with le- 
fpca ta fie|es, retreats, engsgements, 9c. 

COUN'SEL (among il4i^«/j^«) is when « 


jitote of « chuig to Mace asotlier perfon to I ama Isws compiled by order of Juftjuian. 

c o 

0WCOURSB, thecdleaSoik of theito. 

tee perfannaiioe or oniffiony Juuriogy at 
Jeaft a» to Che preiient bufioeft, no pover over 
diat peribOy ib that he can iajr no diceft ob- 
Jipcion oa iitpa* bot mmtt itut it to hit plea- 
fire and choice^ whadier he will do itor not. 

C0(TN7rER-«»iMMi (ifl F^f,) a coon- 
ter-Uoe or ditch: ouide xoaind a pkce befieged 
to pmreiit the ialiki and cxcuzfiont of the 

COUNTERPOISE (with HorfemtB) a the 
Unccof th» body^ or the libertf of the ac- 
tfaa 0d ieat of a hoHemaa, acqoifeAby prac* 
^aSa^ hi the nuuHup, lb that in all the- xno- 
tiooi the horie ]Ba£c% the hor(biBaa docs not 
facfiae hit body sioie to one fide tium the 
edkr, but coocioiiei in the middle of the fad- 
dfe| beujig e^o^Uy on the ftfarops* in older 
t» sift the horie die ijafaabje and proper 

COUNTSRy^ii^« a fidlbgoutof fijendp 
eoeviih aootfaer j affi> s icsffle among prj< 
MDBR in the oonnter* 

COUNT'ING boufe, an apartment or 
dofet where imBrchanta aiter ^wn and lieep 
tbeir tccoonti. 

COUNn*LESS» niimbetiefty inavmerabie. 

COi;ilAG£. {€omrag$f F. tcr^.h,) hrai- 
very, afihre fartitiHle». fpuit of enteipme. v 
Hope aims their eour^g* f from their tow*9 

Tbdrdaita with dimhle force> uA drWe tiie 

DrfdtMt . 

COURAGS, that gsowt from confticntio^ 
very often IbrfaJtca a man^ when he Jias occa- 
An fiir it { and when it is only a kind of in* 
ihA ia the IboJ, it brealn oot on all occa- 
^WH^ witlMNit judgment or difcrttion. That 
«v»|v which azfies 6on the fenfe of our 
^tjr, and horn the fearof ofSeoding liim that 
Bade u, aAa always In an uniform manner, 
lad according to tlie dilates of right lealbn. 
Jkfdifin*t OmanUan. 

COURAGEOUS. Brave, daring, bold, 
CBteipn&ng, adwntorouiy liudy, ftoot. 

COURAGEOUSLY. BfafeJy, Aoutly, 

COVRAGEOVSKESS. Bravery^ bdid- 
aiii, ipirit, cean^e, 

CQURANT, a term aledtoeiprds the 
pRfeat^Boe, at tie ymr 1736 h th* cwram 
y^t tbc to$b ewftua it tbt vstb day rf th^ 

Pnee COUR ANT tf m Mrthtniizg, u 
tbc known and common price g^ven iok it. 

COURANT Gsni, common and paflable 

COURSE (with.^^irstfj) a continued 
^age^f briclcs or ftones of the fame heigtt 
ttnoghoBt the whole length of the work. 

COURSE •/ PH^bt (in Mafimy} is the 
«i«hmity of a plhith of ftone, &€ in the 

Caaogieai COURSE, the collection of the 
Cancn law made by GratioMus, 

COURSE, ia oiten ufed for the time or^ 
dinarily fpent in Jcamijig a fcience, as a coorfe 
of itudies, anatomy, philoibphy, &c. 

To go mdar a pair of COURSES (Jee 
phmie) is when a fhip faUs under the >maiA 
(di\ and fore Sa^^, without lacing on any bon- 
net or top. 

COUR'SEY (in a Caify) a fpaceorpaOage 
about a foot and a half hroad, on both fide&of 
which ftavea are placed. 

COURT DtUgaut^ a coort where deiegatea 
or commiffioners are appointed by the Icbg'a 
commi^n to fet in the court of Cbanary 
or eifiewhere, upon an appeal made to it. 
Thia is granted in three cafes : Juft, whm 
the fentenceli given by the techbi&op or hit 
official in an ecdtfiaftital cuaSk \JecQndly^ 
when a ientence ia given in an ecdeiiaftical 
caufe m places exempt f ' thirdly , wluui a fen- 
t^nce given is in the adminlty court* in fulta 
civil or marine, by order of civil. law. 

COURTAU]> (with Hmfimtn) a crop, or 
cropped horie, m bob-tail. 

COURTAUD (ytithMM/doMs) afhort baf- 

COURTAUD (with Gtmnert) a ihort kind 
of ordnance ufed at fea. i 

COURn^EOUSNESS {courtufii,^.) cour- 

ms behavienr* 

COURT'LINESS (of r««r,F. curis, U 
a ooort)court-Ukc beluviour. 

To COU'SEN {fou/ner, F.) to defraud or 

COUSIKET' (with Anbinas) a cuihien 
it tile fkme which crowns a piedroit or pier, 
or that lica immediately over the capital of 
th^ impoft, and under the fweep) alfo the 
ornament in (he loaic capital between tike A- 
bacMt and Scbimu, or quarter round, frrvi&g 
to form the yolutts^ 

GOUS'IN, a title of honour which the 
king beftows to peenor nobles, foreign piinoet 
of the blood, ^c. 

PofTMl COUSINS, are fuchas iflued from 
rektions on the father^s fide. 

Mattrmal COUSINS, thofe iflubg from 
the mother^s fide. 

COU'SINET (& Mffinny &t.} the firfk 
ftone, whence a vault oir arch cooMnencet. 

COWARDLINESS (of cow and «W, na- 
itifre, Teut. or towtrdijt. P.) want of cou- 
rage. ' 
• COX-BONES 7 a vulgar and odd onin* 

COX-NOONS 5 telligible oath. 

COJC-COM'ICAL (pvobably of the cmb or 
crejkofti cock) conceited. 

COXEN'DIX {y/r'ithAnanmiJh\ is the fame 

with Coxa and os Ifctium, and is the third and 

lower of the nameJcfs bones called Oj/a inne- 

ta, and has a large cuvity or hollow ral* 

8» icd 

lea AeaAulum CoxtnMcih tlutt recdftt the 
liead of the thigh bons > the drcumfcrence of 
this hollow being tipped w'tth a giiftk called 
Iti Jupercilium, L« , 

COY'KESS (BOt ifliproperly of pm, F. 
nvhy) (hincifl^ TeefliiUig modefty. 

CRAB (cjiabba, Satt* krMe, Dan.) a fea 
Oftll-Aih i alfo a wild appfe« 

To he CRAB, to be crois-graioedj, finir or 

CRAB (with ShtftorighiiYAn engiiie with 
' three claws lor launching of Olps, or heaving 
them into the dock. 

To CRACKLB (of erafutr^ F, of Af«r- 
thtm^ Dut.)'tomake a crackliog'noife. 

CRACiCT Umnfof'Si^ar (with Omfic^ 
• thiurt) a boiling of fttg»r'to fnch a de|^, 
that if you dip tJta^ tip ofyoor finger into cold 
water, and thmft it into <the boilin| fugir, 
and then iminediately into ifiraler atauiy rob- 
bing thf fugar off with the other fingot, it 
will break, making a crackling noife. 

CRA'-DLE (of t^Lolfitr) the My. 

CRADLE S^bi (with Hufbtmium) %, 
fcythe with a wooden frame 6xt to it for mov- 
ing com, and the better laying it in order. 

CRAFT'INESS {cr^t, Brit, cjyepv, 

CRAGEDNESS7 ^probably of ibw/V, 

CRACGIKESS 5 Brit, the top of a vock) 
fulnefs of crags. 

CRAMP witli Falcoxen) a difeaft hap- 
pening to hawki in their foarage, it lies in tbcir 
Vr^ngt, and proceeds froih cold* 

CRAMP (of trampi. Dim. the cramp] 

CRANE (*rtf«, Tent. Cf«n, So*,) a fowl 
with a long neck» bill and legi. ' 

CRANE (in jimerica) a fowl of an hideous 
form, having a bag under thd me^k> whi^h 
will conram two gjlons of water. 

A CRANK, (in Mtchafiith) a n^chii^e re- 
iembling an elbow* exiQep.ting that it is in a 
fquare forni| proje6^ing- oat of an axis or 
fpindiC, which by its rotation ferves to raife 
or io\ver the pi^Ons of engines for raifing 
• water. " ' 

CKA^)L-Sldid{Sta term) a ihip is (aid to 
be crank -iided when Ae cahnot bear her fails, 
or can bear Urt a fmall fail, for fear of" being 
' CHANK'NESS, briiknefs, livelinefs. 

CRASH> a great noife j alfo a <|oarre]«- a 

CR A'SIS (In Thcrmacy\9i convenient mil* 
ture of ualitiesi t^ihcx Jimple or con:pwn4\ 
^mpit when one quality exoeedi die reft, ai 
hoty cold, mcift^ dry^ ^c. - • 

CJRAS'SITY {crajifiu^ I..) fi|tnei^ tbick. 
ncfs, gro«QV.efs, L. • 

' CR A'VINGN£S3, an carnefl or eager de- 
iiie alter. '. •' - 

To CR AWL, to creep aloffg flowly. 

C.RA'Z.INESS {proli; of a^«, Oiw) 
^ 'sfCdkncfs, indifpcfition of body or iDipd. 

CRArOK, t fsiaU peidl of anr ftrt •# 
colouxing ftoff made up in a paie Ind drieln 
to be ufed fiv dmwng and pointingli diy oo- 
lours, either upon paper or patchment. 

1*0 CREAM, to ftim of -cream. 

CREAM'Y (of Mwr« L.) faATil« or ftq 

CRB'AT (with Bufmm) an ufter^ to %, 
riding mafter, or gentleman odocatfid jb la 
academy of htrJmtMp) wsthinteat to qva- 
liiy himielf for teaching the art of ridiaK^ 

CRBATABLB, capfUo of being create^. 

C||[EA'TB \ (frM«M»U)Gceattd»«Mile. 

CREATED f framoA, lotmed. ^ 

CRBDIBIUTY, chdm to cnditp poffiUi* 
ty of obiainfaig belief, prababUity. 

The fy9L of thofe opiniont I AaB Ae«p 
to he; ahogether incredibfe» and the kttar ti 
^ave all the cniihtli^ aod eiUeooe of wkic^ 
a thing of that nature Is capable. 

QREDIBLB {tridihiUi, L.) w«rti7 of 
credit} deforrmc of belief: having a joftdika 
tobeUcf: *^ 

Tht gmnuid oTcieaitia the oodftiliKy of 
things credited % and things are made creAk, 
dther by the knofrh condition and'qoaCty ojf 
the uttera;, or by the. manifeft lifeeliliood 
of< tm^ in i^hemieivei. 

Hooker, i.u.S, 4. 

None can demonftrate to me that tiiere is 
foch ah iflajid as "l^mmcM^ yet, upon the bf- 
timony oi cndibu pe^ons, I am fite from 
doubt.- ^ ■ * Tilhtfni'i Preface, ' 

CREDIILENISS, citdilnmy, «roHhme& 
of faeUef, juft daim to belief. 

The credibUntfs of a good part of thefe nar- 
ratives has been confirmed to me, by a prac- 
tiiSbr oC phyfick in the £4^ /rn^Vit. 

Sfiyh's Hificry rf Firmmfi. 

CREDIBLY, in a manner that cinma 

CREDIT {endit^ F.) x. B«|ief. 
Some iecret thiths from learned pride ooii* 

ceal'd, - 
To maids alonc^ and children are reveal*d % 
•What though no crtdii doubting wits may 

. The fair and innocent ftall ftill believe. 

Pope't ELape ef^ the Lkh^ 
%. Hononr, reputation. 

I pubiiihed, beca^fe I was told I might 
pkafo fuck as it was z'cffdit tO pleafe*. 

feE0eem; good opinion. ' 
is kamia^ though a poet faid it, 
Ikfore a play, would W« &o f^^^ Swifi. 
Yes^ while I live, no rich or nobleknave, 
iSbaU walk tbo wo^ in er^ii to his grave. 
P4^*s fler.^.jia 
4. Faith; teftioMBv. 

The thiogi which we properly believe, be 
only fucb as are received^ upon the credit of 
divine tcfiiaooyt i(M^» ^ ^ 

5, Ttuk 


C^/ kiioUuiig Kot tlw txptdadoB «f mo* 
flcj» wUbinhmts timt Initod. X^lf • 

Tbej ]uf« never choaKfat of violttiiig the 
foiMkk cmfify or of Aljaiatiiig xht levonnet 
to eclia' oicfl dMn to what thtf luivo beeo 
Aataiiciied. .^ddtf, Rtmsrks mhtlj. 

^« l a lh i cH CBj ^wcr not coBpaJfivc^ inCeictl* 

'Bmo% trtdit eoMfh whh Im ntfter to. 
Hovidc fiv ait own imeiefty lie tionbled aoi 
koiftlf for that of other men. 

I* Tob^eve. 

«To <yii£/ the oaiiitelligfUitjrheth of this 
mkm^jaA awtiDo^ wt Modno mofethaato 
mC i Iu it. , Gimvilit Satf. c, 4. 

%ToF*c««<Mdiir«haQo(tf toaay thiag. 
Me/ hcse her moQuaeat Aand fo, 
TocrcdSirtfaiinideag^ andihov 
To Ibtaie tiaesy thatercnwe 
taie potteoM d» of f irtve lee. 

S.Tetxeft} to confide lot 4. Toedmttat 

CRtDITABLE. j. RepitoUe, above 

HeiMed him in e good cnditMt w^ of 
^tbg, havins pmcpied him by hlf hiterdl 
eoe flf the beft places of the Coontry. 

Of Heooorable ^ effimable. 

Tbe coatemplatioB of thia|Sj that do not 
ftrvetoprooioieoQrhappineia, n but a more 
%iciMt and infenioai ibrtef jdleneft^ a more 
l iid a aaMe aad cruUuhle kind ol ignoraace, 
TiiUotfoiCt Sirm. a» 

CREDlTABIfEVESSf repnUtion^ ef- 
tiaitioii. • 

Aoiaog aO theft lnafCi» there' is none 
Vntcaiaaf ling tlun the trtditaUmt^ and le- 
|«le «f CttftooHiry vices. S)emy •/ fit^* 

CnOlTABI^Yy reputably} ividiotttdlf* 

CREDITOR, he to whom a debt is owed, 
|k tbat gives ciedit \ correlative to debtor. 

CRCDULITY <rr«dhiitr/, F. mdkA'Mi, L.) 
Oeietls of belief; readineft of credit. 

Tbe poor PJangos^ being fubjed to that 
oal^diladvan^gr of iwneft heaits, crtdnlity^ 
WHftH^tded by him* Sidwct. 

CR£DULOUS» apt to believe, nnfufpec- 
tBf { cafily deceived. 

CR£DULPUSN£SS> aptneis to belasve } 

CftElXlT (in Tmffick, V. ) a mutual loan 
«f mnvhaadiee, &c. on the repuution of 
dteboneft and folvabifity of the perloo nego- 

Ig I alio tile courfe which papers or 
9ft, of oominerce have in negociating the 
sdions of a company, at the Bink^ SMUb'Sig, 
4c. which is faid to riie when they are re- 
ccprad and Ibl^ at prices above /er, or the 


wBKmmn or mnr bis apponanm* 

CREDIT (io jimsiki JTrian) a rf^ 
which Joidi had over their Vraflals, to oblige 
tiiem to lead money for a eertaiatiiae* 

Lttttn of CREDIT (hi Cunmret) am let*' 
ters given by a aierchantj &e, to fnch per« 
lent as he CM tnift to take money of hit coc^ 

CRE^ITIVES, credentiab. 

CREED (aaieagCin)f/e«i) is a famnaqr 
of the pchidpol articles of the chriiBan faith I 
of which three are allowed by the canons of 
the chnrch, wix. that called the J^lm 
Cnti^ which, nocwtthftandhig it bears their 
namei^ ii generally fuppoTed to have been com* 
pofed Joag after thdr tune; tha Atkuut/km 

To CREEK {rnb.t^J<y^tr, Daa.) f 
make a aoife ae a door does when iti hingBi 
are nifty. 

CRETAt^EOUS {tmacm, L.) of or ba» 
loneug to chalk. 

CRETO'^TY (crtfjhdi, L ) chalkincia. 

CREUX' (in SatJ^tMn) a hollow cavity, 
oat of which fomething has been 6oopedoc 

CRICOARYT^NOI'DES (of nftwl^m 
ting, AWwy to diink, or mfurnc, a fort of 
cup to drink out of, and i/W*, form) certaia 
mufdes which aiiie Irom the cartilage called 
CricwUif and areinferted into the Aryti9»idt$^ 
which while thev draw fideways and outvrard* 
iy, the Rimula oT the Larynx is widened. 

CRIM'INALNESS (of mauW, f. crim 
miiulit, L.) guiltineit of a crime. 

CRIMl'NATION^ a blaming or acca- 
fing, L» 

CRIMaNATORY(<nsMMMrst, L.)fiiU 
of accoiatiom or crimes. 

CRIMNOI'DES 7 ( with PhyJiciM ) 

CRIMNCyDES 5 urine with thick lis. 
diments at the bottom like bran. 
. CRIMP'LING (probably f • cnffiii^) aa 
to go crimpliog, <• c« as if the feet wera 

CRIMP, a dealer in ooals, or an ageat Or 
fa£hir ibr merchants or nuften of fliipa who 
trade in coals orare ccncemed in the coaleiy. 

CREATED (mVutfot, L.) having lone 

CRINI'GEROUS [eriniier, L*} vreaih^ 
hair or lone locks, 

CRINGrKES (of erinlh I" bur) a ibrt of 
worms ibmetimei found under the Hun in chil* 
drea, relembling fliort thick hairs or briftles. 

Imfnfta CRI'SIS/»r tb* httttr (with J>Ay- 
fiaMm\ is a cilfis which does not quite take a- 
way the diiealb, but enables the patient to bear 
it better. . 

ImptrftB CRISIS /ar thi vmfi (wkh F^r- 
/ciam) is when the fifcafe becomes aaare ido* 
lent and dangerous. 

CRISP'ED {erif^aiut, U) curled; alio 
made friable or brittle. 


Digitized by vaOv 

CRISP'IfeSSy WtUencT*^ tptncfstttnA* 

CKlSV'nvbE ftrfMtMib, L.)cuflidBefii 
CRiSTATBD, {crijl^ut, L.)' lliviii^ g 
CMn or Odinb. 

CRISTiS (wtth Fbyjlti^m) notfUoeatee^ 
'Of fteii- growing about tbe fanAaiiieflt, t]i« 
foots of which are often chapt and deft. ' 

CRI THE (with Phyjuiant) a little oUong 
iptik or fwelling growing to the eye-hrows 

• where the hatrt afre, h called firom its re- 
' firmbling a barlej-com. 

CRIT'ICALLY ( in crihpumt, F. ff»A» 
'P0n, L.)lilteacritick$ alfoiathetecjiiiek 

CRITICALNESS, an aptneH to joige 
tad cenfure ment a£HoBS, wonle or writlnp. 

CROCODILE (of MfcwM^mu of Uf**^, 
ftSren^ and IkfKMT, fearing, Or. becaole it 
abhors the fmell and flower of &ffroa) ia an* 
*f&ibrott»y croef^ rofacioM anisia}, Sn Aap« 
almoft Uke a, licard, but much larger. It4s 
-ftttmi ^lAcipaliy in the rivtr Nilt in Egypt, 

ft is covered* with very hard fcales, which 

^"^rv not to be pierced withoat g^eat diAculty } 

C3Repting under the belJy^ where the flcin \» 

"tttider. It hat a wide throat with teeth ihar|^ 

• and iepatacod, which enter on«withiii Another | 
•f thefe it h» fefcral rows. It is -very Jow 
-wpeo its feet and crawls almoft upon tbeearth. 
^t mns wfth great fwifhiefs^ but dqes not 
*ca% tum itfdf. It lives a long time^ atid ii 

^id to grow contkiaiUx tiJl its death. Thcro 
"Itare been Ibme of i ^ or j 8 cubits kngth. 

The irot9d!ks ky their eggs on the ground 
*or b the And, near the water fide, their egg^ 
«re liice goofes .eggs, and (oiQCtimes there ar^ 
^€o. «f them. They rover them lA the land 
that the heat of the fun may contribute to 
' batch them ; when their bo«*el8 are taked 
'otity ortheyare woundedj thcyfmell Tery a<* 

Thirs are feveral wafs of ttitbgthem^ 
'^ibtnetimcs they are cauf^t with great hbofes^ 
baited with bogs fleih> with whfch they iln 
'^rtdi delighted : At other times they are 
taken in pits covered with boughs and eartSii 
h)tD which when they fall they are not aUe 
<o get out. 

CROCODILITES (with Hbcttridantyz 
captious and fophlftxca! kind of argomoita- 
tinn, fo ordered as tQ re4uce the anw«ry> Md 
drafw tbem ^edoofiy ihtoa fnare. 

CROCODILraE (crocodilimts, L.6tuf^ 
k»Sk(Xni^ Cr.) like a crocodile j aHb :f»pfaiJ I 

CROFT, a flip of ground adjoining to 
an houfe, which Is callM toft ; lb formeriy 
thcT uied this faying of a. very poor man, b« 
haane ibft nt croft ^ i. e. ib« bad neitbtr boufi 

CROISATDE, a name given to a chriftian, 
expedition again ft IxfidtUy for conquering the* 
Ihly Land, becaufe thofc that engaged in the 
expedition wore a crois on their bofoms, and 

C R 

and bofe a craft in thdr ftanlaidr. TheK ^nm 
%t fevcral tunet eight croiiadca, the firft w» 
begun at the ioliciution of the pafriarch'of 
Jmtfakm, in the year X095 } the ftcood 
in ix44» uader LtnitYlh the third In ii88» 
by Aniry II. of Engf^nd, and FlnUif Jk- 
gaiyfor of Fratttt^ the iborth in 1195, hf 
pope CtliJfiM III. and the emperor Bm VI* 
the fifth and fixth was publUbed in ii^S, ad 
lai}, by pope Inntfcmt III.^ the iieventh was 
undeitaktft by St» Lomt about the year 1145 ) 
and the la ft wat iff the year ift68« 

CR01SIERS, a religioas orderj era con* 
giegation of regular canons. 

CROISI'ER 7 (of<f»rar>F.)aftephsrf(i 

CROIZI'SR^ ciook, a fymbol of pd: 

ttral authority 3 being a ftaff of gpU or iiivtr, 

crooked at the top> carried before UAopssed 

abbots^ and hdd hi tke hand when dicy |ii« 



ACROW (c||tpt. 

£kr.) a bird well 

' CROW-NST/aaettocttehirildfevl^. 
CROWNS. At this time these an 
not only crownt for fcinga 
or emperors J but oofonets 
for prineec, dukca^ saar- 
quiflW^ earls^ vifcoonli^ 
baronsy which ttt tinier 
their proper articlei ^ tho 
EngUp crown is In the 
form reprefimced in tho 

rh9 E^Ufk CROWN is ad^M udthftor 
avfles, in tnc manner of thoTe of Jfti/i«»te- 
tween which are Vlofotr-di^lh**, It is go- 
^red with four dbdemi^ which meet at t 
little gloBe fupporting a crofr. 

Ftf^/ CROWN is compofed of a Tun, 
and a triple croWn eneompaffing the Ttei^f 
.having t#o pendants like the mitres of K- 
fiiops. Thefe thvee crowns reprefimt the'prt- 
tended triple capacity of the pope, vix. as h|b 
prieft, fupreme judge, and iole kgifltMr of 
^e Chriftians. 

/ntjkrfW CROWN, ts ft Jfc«if«or^ 
with a femidrdc of gold, fnpporthig a ^ 
with a croft at top. 

The Frtncb CROWN ts a i&r^ rf «g« 
Fkwer-de-hyt, encompaflVI with *« *** 
dfems, hearing at top a double Kfcwer-*-*^ 
which is the creft of Tr^wct, 

The 5^*ir)» CROWN is aiorned with 
large indented leaves, covered with diadtftf 
hordering on a globe furmounted with a ow. 

aiOWN (inaF/prWrwv^/r) fipW* 
kingdom, empire or dominion. 

F^nttd \ CROWN I ^ p^^ 
• Fufhi . •> rCrew/rtdiwtn 

r > CROWNS iipearh or km^ 
c/) (offiBaIlage,«t. 

Dig tized by VjOOQ IC CROWH 

^C^ *^' 


dtOWW 9S^ (with iToiMfjKf} aplast 
irfUFikr^ Crown-thiftle. 

CROWN (with CrMMmWam) a plane 
kidid Wtvrcen two pumlldl or oocotrick 
inaeiBi of dvekt that areone^otl, sene* 
ntil hf tht motion of feme part of a right 
iMMtad a oentity the aoovu^ paitaotbdog 
<fld%iioBt CO ibe centre* 

CROWN'INC {wi^Ar^iteat) any thiflg 
ihiticnaiaatet or fidihct a ^ecoratiOD of ar* 
tkau&nti M « comiA^ a pi4i]iicnt« aao- 

CROWHS ^ C^iWt (with Mbttonhgijh) 
tettim cdomti riags which appear Hke HmVs 
Uof the colovn m the rauibow» and at a 
kk IS^auot than tiie comaKn ^0'< tboot 
c^kdiei of the f«A and moon. 

CairOlAL iiw//M (with aarw:gtm) all 
hdim ar cot ia kmt HaAj parti in the 
ana of a crois* 

CRDCrCfiROUS (erac^ t.) beadPS 

CRUDBfcyvJ^, L.) that hat act had the 
d^RBBof cwtioby f. '. heat reqnifite to pre* 
fue k Ar eatinf or idme oth^ purpole. 

OUm tbmmrt (with P^k)Sc.) ar^ focfa 
hnwan at wiAt that prepaiatioa and elabo- 
, which ittf oediaaiily recd?e from 

CWyPEMTY {tnUeHtm, L.) cmelty. 
ttUDMTESS («raA'i/^ F. etudttat, U) 

cayOmr (with I»M^m) may be de- 
fiidtftfce chat eftate ofa difeaie, m which 
iWffloddick matter |i of Inch boBc, figure, 
cqh^Mo, .mohiGty or iaaamty> which create 

tKS'tLHgSSienMktt^ L. eruaut/^ FO 
Aevccaefty hard-heartedaefi^ 

Vl^h^ (%pQr, naoierdlal temper. 

Sa*A apudi m crofflUe* 

CRUMBY (of c|itimay Sofi,) foft as 
iNidj aUafmllof croaibt. 

CMXJUPnXD (of cpamp« Sax.) full of 
n— piri Or crcaick 

CRirSE {cnube, F, ins. Dot.) phial for 

CMrtAXiBOVS Shiil'//bh, avefiflies 
cotcnd with Aalk, which are madevp of 
InanI Maa^ lach at lobAer|> crabt, cray. 

CRUST A^EOtrS SMt, are fien^Hy 
laftar than taftaceout oaet^ which are intirely 
af one ptece» and are much harder^ thicker^ 
and Jlroager thaa craftaccoat eoe^, at fcaltops, 
^tet, corhlet, &t. • 

All) hardoeft, like or being corered with 
aU, atiben-6ih. 

CRUST^INCSS (of crmrteux, P. emjl^fui, 
L.) hardaeft of bread ; alio pettiflmeA of 

* CRVSTAl. (in Cbimta fTrtnngii) b dr« 
preded hy thia charaaer^ ip. ' 

CRYSTAL mineral^ is (alt petrc pRj^ted . 
with fttlphar, the £i1t-petie being put in a 
crocible and: fet in a furnace, and when it is 
in fafion, a fmiU quantity.of fiourof &{* 
phiar Is addH at feveral times, the quaotityof 
two drama of falphur to eight, ouocea oC falc* 
petre.' ; . .. 

CRYStAtOMANCr {oti^Ax^ , 
and ^y1«£pi. Or.) a Ihrt of divination or /ore- 
feelling future eventa by m«^ of a minor or 
looking- glafi. 

I CRYSTALS ef Cffpa- (with, C%»i(^) j 
la a folution of copper in fpirit of nitre, era- 
Rotated and cfrftallised to galv^the S^ ; thofe 
layftals wtt oled at cauittcks, &Mt will mSohi^ » 

: CRYSTALS tf Jf^Snwi (with C^i>) , 
common Tetdegreife diffolved In dilUlTed vi- '. 
hcgar, and /et in a eoal place to cryftalltce. 

CRYSTALS tfAium, is alum purified and _ 
tednced'into cryftals in the fame manner as " 
tartar : the cryftalt are quadrangular andbril- 
jiaat hke diamonds. 

CRYSTALS of Tartar^ is tartar purified 
and diflblYCd, and again coagulated in form . 
of ciyitah. To do this, they boil the tartar 
hi water, ikim it ani ftcain it, and. when it ia 
cool J little whire ihining chryftals are form- 
fd at the edges, and alfo a peilide or cream 
^lyimming at the top. 

C|IYSTALS a/ToK^r «d^A««/«itf, Is when 
^ tartar h impregnated wuh the moft dif* 

faloble parti of iron. 

I 1CI8YSTALS of*rmrtar emtiiek, h when 
% is changed with the fulphureous parts of 
^atianony^make it vortiltire. 

. CRYSTALS a/ iW-v-i, isiron itducedmta 

kks by an add liquor. 
CIJl^A (among the llomans) a deity Aip- 

pofed to rock infants in their, cradles. 
CITBAT^RY {cuhatorjum, L.}'a dormiter 

or dormitory. 

€Yr6B, is a figure compre- 
hended, under ^x equal fides, 

each being a geometrical fquare, 

the fame as a die, as in the fi- 


C&YPnciC(r7^irvf , L. umPanh^ Or.) 
biidcs» katt, hid aadcr fraufid* 

CUBE Sfua^e (In G^-ometrj) is the biqua- 
drste or fourth power, which is produced by 
the root or fide being thrice multiplied into 
itfel^ thus uking 3 for the fide, 1 is the 
iqaare, 17 the cube-fqoare or biquadrate. 

CU'BIC (xuCiie^c. Gr.) of or percasnjng t9 
or having the figure of a cube. 

CUBUS CUBI, the 9th power, or a nam* 
ber multiplied ^ timca into itfelf. 

CUCURBITA ? r cuppiog-gUft or 

CUCURBITU'LA S hollow veifei made 
of tin, &e. uftfd commonly in bagnio's, they 
apply it to the body either with or withoui 
fcarification, to divert or drive the bleed into 
fome other part y' or if it bc corrupt, to eva« 
cuati it at Jet it our. . ^ t 

Digitized by V3OOQ L<(E(;- 


CITCUMIT A ovtf 7 a cnp^ teflU 

CUCURBIT A vMtrfs \ ttiUwithoatibi- 

flfication, aod is conmoiUjr applied or fet on 

to the moft flefliy parts* where there it no 

dattfer of hurting the hrfe teflelt and ntrves, 

'cucURBITA'CEOtJS PUtmt, fnch as 

fefemUe a gourde 

CUDV9%ED 1 (with Botamfts) a phnt 

CUD- WORT 5 whofe kaTet are made 

ofe of inftead of cotton, and thence it is cal- 

led cotton- weed. 

CUL DE £AMP (^rKl<0«r«)reveralde. 

cor^tiontin mafonry, ^c, in vaults and ceil- 

■ Ittgs to finUb the bottom of works, and ibme* 

what wreathed in the manner of a teftudo, J^« 

CUL DE FOUR {Mafwry) a fort of low 
ftherial yault like an o?en> F* 

CUL DE FOUR rf a l^ithe {Msfuiry) 
^ arched vault of a niche on a plan tlut 
b circular. 

CU'UM ARY fire fafiooidingto Bcerigatn) 
i portion of pure elementary or folar £re, at> 
tradled 1^ the ally or fulphurcoot parts of the 
fuel, with fuch Telocity, that it mores the 
lame, agitates and whirk them ^dolently about, 
tnd by degrees breaks and attenuates them, 
tenders them tolatile, «nd difperies them Into 

CUT^'LENDER* See CoUnder. 

CUL 'LI AGE I a cuilom of the lords lying 

CUL'LAGE 5 the firft night with their 
vaflars brides. 

CULMIF'EROUS (of rtt/mrs aod/ftv^ L.) 
bearing ftem's and ftalks, 

CUL'MINANT (raAntMNtr, ^O^^Pf.^ 
to the top or height^ culminating* 
^ CULMINA'TION, an afcendiog or com- 
ing to the top. 

CUL'PABLENESS 2 {tulpsHntat, LA 

CULPABIL/ITY 5 blame-wocthioeis, 
g;ailtine&, ftultioefs. 

CULPA'TIOM, a bhrnng, a findkg 
faulty £. 

CUL'VENAGE, faint heartednefs ; turor 
ing Uil to run away. 

CULITERIN [cwlntrrme, F. of ra/«^» 
L. a Ijaake) a piece of ordnance of feveral 

CULVERIN tf tbeh$fips$ (with Gw- 
aers) a piece of ordtnance of five inches diame- 
ter at the bore, weight about 4000 pound, 
carries a ball four inches three quarters diame- 
ter» and fourteen pound weght^ and requites 
a charge of ten pound of powder. 

CULVBRIN Ora[t]Mry(with Cur Bert) \% a 
larger gun about 5000 pound weight, is five 
inches one quarter d!amet?r at the bore, carries 
a ball of feventeen pound five ounces weight, 
andfivcinrhesdnmetery and requires a charge 
of eleven pound fix ounces of powder. 

CULVERIN ExttaofitTtary (with Qm- 
9ert) a large prece of ordnance in length about 
thirteen feet, tveighm» Soo3 pound, the dra- 
actar at thobcte bdng five inches and a half. 

C R 


cutiet aftot of five mchcs one quarter diaaii* 
ter, and twenty pound weight, and requites a 
chaige of twelve pounds and a half of powder. 

CUL'VER-TAILING {ytiihShifwrigbtt) 
is the fafttning or letting one timber into aao* 
ther, fo that they cannot flip oot, as the catl* 
iogs into the beams of a ikip. 

CUM'BRANCES, incumbrances. 

CUM'BROUS, cumberibm. MiUaa. 

CUAfBERSOMNESS (prob. of enmlu^ 
L. an heap or kmumern Teut.) onweildioefi. 

CUM/IN (jiv/cMroy, Gr.} an herb like fe&^ 
nd, but le&i the M ot whkh k good k 
colkks, &e, 

CUNCTI'POTENT [atnaiptim^ L.)iil 

CUNCTITENENT {ewauenm, L) 
holding or poflefiiog all things. 

CU^EAT£D,^c«iir«/M, L.) maieh/oim 
of a wedge. 

CUN(N1NG 1 {Sea 7<m)difeaii^ asthe 

CON'DING J cunnmg of a ibip u tbe 
dire£^ingthe pei^ act helm how to fteer ber. 

CUN'NINGNESS (cunoingncirc, ^«r.) 
craftinefs, &f. 

CU'PID [c^iio, L.)the &bnkoigpdflf 
love s 

CU'PULO (in Archiitann) an sbgImI 
room or turret, flanding on the very top sf 
a dome or great building, ui form eidier of a 
circle or polygon i otherwife called a lantbois. 

CU'RABLENESS (of turan, L. to M 
and mfi) capablrnefs of cure. 

A CURB (with FMrritri)i$ a hard SQdcsI* 
loua tumour xun^g on Ike infide of a hedie'i 
hoof, i» e. on that part of the hoof that h op* 
pofiu to the leg of the iame fide. 

CURE (with Faktmi) a remedy vUck 
they give their hawks, in ibrm of littkfasUi 
or pellets of hemp, cotton or ftatbcis, ti 
imbibe or drink op tkeir phlegm- 

eU/RIOUSNESS (c*rie/ft«, L.) «»»■ 
much cure j a paffion or defire of feeing tf 
knowing; alfe delicatenefi or nioeae&| e 
rarity or carious thiog* 

CUR'RENTNESS (of tmrtn^ L.) or- • 
rency, having a free coorfe. 

CURRENTS (with Nmgsttn\9»m' 
petuona motions of the waten, «hkh in<er' 
tain latifiudea run and fet on particuiarpMots 
of the compsfs : and ufually thek w^ » 
comfonnahle to the coorfe of the ffl0oa» ^<^ 
to be more rapid or ftrong when fte k st tns 
changeorfuU, and the weaker wksaiheistt 
the wane. 

CUR 'RIERS were in- 
corporated tfifw 1438, in 
the laih of icing Han 
I. and bear for their ar. 
.morialenfigns ; Jahlt, a 
crofs e«grail*d Or between 
four pair of ihates m ial- 
tite 0rgfmf, The creft a 
arms» the handi holding 
a ibare, the fopfortcra 



%Wk if tnd • foat «ij«ir. 
Sfa $^r§ Dais, 
Their hall u £t»ite jietf tlie weft-e&d af 

CURfRlSH (^ktmn. Tent, to grin) cur- 
DECk doggilb, churlUky fnrly, iU-iutvrvd. 

CUltltlSHNESS (probably of Orr, i 
aai0rtUdngj dog^Mmdsy fnarUog. 

CUR'SEDNESS (of cvjv^. Sax.) the be- 
fag de fei v ing or « curie, 'vileoefs, fif r. 

CUR'SOR, ft little biaft pjier, reprdent- 
fag the liodsoii s a ruler or label. £* 

CUR'SORINESS (of curforitts, L,) haftw 
aeft, ramiiig over llightly. 
« CURTATE Di/Mf (with ji/hoMmert) 
m the diiUace of a phjict*t place from the 
fan ledoccd to the ecliptick. 

CtntTESY e/fii^iSmf. S9tC^urttff. 

CURTI.ASS (f . d. cartdiUd or curf axe) 
H iMTt fwoil^ a kind of hanger. 

SiOifurim •/« CURVE, is the finding 
«f t ilpit line eooal to a curve. 

^ttfintfare •/« CURVE, is the finding 
cat of the area or fpace hdoded by a curve ; 
«r the affifoiag of a quadrangle equal to a 
carriineal ^aoe. 

/knt^ff/CVRYESi all aflembbge or col. 
faaioa of faveral curves of diflTerent klod9> all 
which a» defined by the &me equation of an 
fa ii trmi ii atw degree i hut difiecently accord- 
fag 10 chediverfity #f their kind. 

CUSTIDaTED Hjj>erMa (with Matb.) 
• load of Hjfnhla, whofe i part! concur 
Ui termfaatc in the angle of contaft. 

CUSTOM* was firS paid ift BnglMdin 
ihciejgBof Hgmy Vl. wbeH the parUanent 
Icttleda^duty fa the year 14*5 of iid* in the 
poiBd ipo»>tU merchandises imported or ex- 
fonai} this coAom was ihttled but for 3 
9011^ and in the ad was a provifo, that the 
hag Aoald ^t make a grant to aay perforij 
Mr that it Ihould be any prefident for the like 
ts fa done i but yet all the kings fince his 
tiae have had it for Ufa. 

Omtrai CUSTOM (in Law) k a coftom 
vbkh b allowed throughout the whole kbg- 

Pminlar CUSTOM (fa Law) is that 
which helonga to this or duit particular, as 
mod'4imi to Ktntf «v fuch as that of a loidi 
?hip^ dty or town* '« 

CUSTOM (with TradefmiH) the piaaiie 
arbofinefsofaihop. , 

CUsrrOM^EL£NESS2 (oiWifUmt, F.) 

CUSn^OMARINESS 5 cdi{omarioe&/ 
Ihldenelstopaycuftom* ' 

CUT mml LO NO-TAIL, aU together 

CUTB (acttms, L.) iharp, quick-witted. 

CUTIS (b A/iOimf) the inner lkia» whkh 
m under the cutkle or tof ikin, is thickiAy 
S}& fuU of pores. It coofiftt of fereral fihi- 
■satsof the veins, arteries, nerva and Jbrtt, 
fateiwoven one with another and full of clan* 
ddei^ lynphsdn^, Vc, 


CUTHTNG (with P4fHten) U the laying 
one ft rong lively colour on another without 
any Ihade or fotemng. 

CUTTING (with Herjtmtn) is when t!it 
feet of a horfe interfere j or when he beata 
off the flcin of the paftern joint of one foot 
with another. 

CUTTLE njb, a fea 6ih, which throw- 
ing out a black juice like ink, lies hid in th« 
water in that obfcurit^, and fo efcapes tho 

CUT^LERS wem firft 
incorporated Anno 141 3 
by Henry VI. confirm*d 
by feveral of «u» kings 
iiiice, and by K. Jamei, 
I. Their arms are GuUs^ 
6 daggers in 1 faltire crof- 
fa ardent, handled and 
hilted or pointing towards 
the chief. The fupport- 
ers 2 elephants ardent, the crcft a third, with 
a caftle on his back er. 

Their ha'l is on the footh fide olT Cloke lane. 

CV'CLOID (m Cetmetry) it a curve, aa 
BCD dcicribed by the point a in the periphery 
of a circle, while the circle rolls along a righc 
fine ; as BD from the point B where tbo 
curve begins, to the point D where it ends 9 
this is alfo called a trochloid. 

CYCLOPS (av«XM4, f . d, having a round 
eye» Or«) the flrft inhabitants of Sictfy, men 
of a gigantkk fiaa, as appeared by bones found 
in feveral tombs ; they were very favage, and 
frequented chiefly the neighbourhood of mount 
J£tna, whence the, poets took occafion ta 
reprefent them as Vutcan^t workmen, • whom 
he employed to make thunderbolts itvtjvfittr. 

CY'CLUS (jcuaX^ G/.) a circfa <a- tound| 
a cycle, as of the fun» moon, cssTr. L. 

CYC NUS, a fwan. 

CYLINDER (with Surieani^ttM,) a roll of 

cylindrus, L. of xuXiy^^, Or.) the befag o# 
a tylifldrical form. 

CYblNDRO-METRIC Scak, an faftro. 
ment for meafuring of cylindrical dimensions* 

CVLIN'DRUS {ye'.thj'byjiciant) a piaiKer 
made oblong, which fome phyiicians cal|» 

CYMA'TIUM (at^Ticr, Gn) a littl* 

CYMATIUM (with 'Arehiteat) a mem. 
her or moulding of the cornice^ whole profifa 
ii waved, /. «. concave at the top and conves 
«t the bottom. C^ r\ 

— Digitized by VjO^' p^ 


Dmf CYMATIUM {Arebitt80€) h a 
ttvetto^ or i carity kfr than a femlcMc, 
iiavios it! projeftore fobdopb iu bd|bt* 

ttfiioB CYMATIUM* it a coaovo- 
coavex member^ bavisg its progcftusc iubda. 
bIc its height* 

Tij/fM CYMATIUM, ctmfiaicf inwroto 
or qmuter rooJMl. 

CYNAN<CH£ (m*«vx«» ^ »v^» « ^<«* 
and iy^t f^» Gr.) a l^oinaiicy or q«iiifey» 
an inflamoiatiDii of the iimer lovfcla of the 
throat, attended with a difficulty of btjeatUflg 
and continual fever j a diieaie that dop are 

fefMAtly troubled with. 

CYN'ICALNESS (of eyniqw, F. cymtm 
A. of avf^, Gr« a dog) churltfiiw<s> noiofe: 

TT^d JRmm*, DdJtatick, ID J?Y- 
J|;^# D ^ Sarnn, A 1 Grtek, *1 Hekmo, 
freuc fourth kttert of their refpedire al- 

Df is pronounced In moft or all S^MJb 
iRrocdi except Jf^tdmtfiay, 

D, in Lstta wwbcn iignifiet 500^ aa4 a 

daih OYtr it as Dy 5000. 

D. D. (in Jnfcri^imn) ficque n riy ftanda lor 
Dtdies^ lk0^ i. e. he has dedicated to 
Oody or for DtMo Diiit, 1. e. he pniiBitcd] 
L*. • 

D. D. D. (fa» lnjcrifthmi\ ftaftdi often for 
Vigmm Dh Dtmm dedit^ u #• ho^ofi«tcd an 
a^ecptabte prefent to Ood^ I^ 

D. D. D. Q{^(itt iBf^iftimt) ftanda for 
Diif^ iir^O dedtettfut, i. «• he gives, fan 
apart, aaddcdkatet, t. 

D. D. Q. S« (in jMferiptitm) ftanis lor 
IHir Dtglmjpn Sacnm, u a. confecratad to 
the gods and goddcfles, L» 

D* N. (in htfcrifgimt) ilmda for DmM^ 
N^rif Ut, ofoorLofd^ L. 

DA'BiTlS (with ItgiasKt) oiife of the 

flMOdS of ^UiO^ififtS* 

. DABfBLER (of i^M#i«s P«teh) «na that 
faUdhcs or fitn wattr about ; aUbone Hightlf 
fatoiOied with an art, dfr. at a DMln in 

DAD lisJ, C. Brit. dsdd£, ItaLJ a 

DADDA 5aanie by which youf« dhfl* 
Iren call their fathers* 

DMVAIAJS (IkiluK^ i. #. artifidali 
of w lteliMs», todo a^tiflchlly, ctotUU, 
to know) an jitbemtn artificer, the fbn of 
Mieiw, Old to have lived jt hL aS74> abovt 
• the ttae that Gidnn Judged Ifrm. 

Di£DAXEAN dstdslemi, L. of UihO^, 
^KoJikhm, I do artificially, ftfr.) canning, 
witty, Irtlfidal, ingenious* 

DiE^MON (h£tm, either of liO^fftK, to 
adminifteri becauw fuppoied to attafid on, 
tndto«iniAgrtanfa) or» nothextfby, of' 


Kifli^ »• /. a«/ifv^ bacaaiaoraftaiheRiaftib* 
fbuKo; or of hdim, to icnow, Gr.) a devil, 
a fpirit either good or bad} teia Bmka 
wfltat ofb itto fifrifythadevU oraneril 

A DMMOfSTAaL ( dam ma tm, L. tf 
Ht^muuUe, Gr.) out poOcfled wtdiadnilt 
fnnpot, mad. 

DAI'LYCteslKe, Ssx.) cveiy dsy, dty 
by day. 

DAINTINESS j[ofiafa,obC /;)dtUcicy, 
nioeaefs in eating, dfr. 

DAFJty (of^MATMofiry, orM&te* 
which at firft fignified the daily ^ of 
milch -cowt, or profit made of them, or oibos 
of dmitre^ P. behiodj f / a houfe backwsidi) 
a place where Qilk and miik-neatt ait aiade 
and kept. 

DALLIANCE, i. Intetchangtof caofiei, 
afts of fbndneft. 
Nor gentle purpoie, oorendeariogfmilci 
Wanted { nor youthful ^b/KcM^ ubdsdDt 
Fair coople, Hiik*4 in happy nuptisl kigM^ 
Alone at they. 

MUt. Ar, £^, k iv. 1. %p* 
2. Conjagdconfetialiant 3. delay, praaal^ 

To DALLY {dOm^ Dtot. to trifie.) i. 
To trifle* to play the fbol^ to amafe flat*ii 
iclf with idle play, to lofe thneia niins 
a. to exchange carrfftt^ to phy cha wsnlfli^ 
to fondle: 3. to fport, to pity, to froG^i 
4. to delay. 

To DALLY, to pot oflF, to deby, tat* 
fflofe dll a proper opportunity* 

is#AjiaAuno (m tiiawiia Z^er) dw Ut* 
diancetthat tho pJantUF or densndtat bsih 
foftbed h% meanaof tha wioog dong to Utt 

To DAhlACB (lianBixir, F.) <» ^>^ 


DAMAGE cfeaf lUnTum) a doty ftrw 
fltarly paid to the prothoootami anl ote 
darlcff, bdnga thfad, fixdi or Cdith |trt« 
the damage recovtvad^ upon a trial la tnr 
cooftofjoitoa; bat was dUbftMcd the 17th 
ofCSberJkf II. 

DAMAGE Fm/mt (# . 4^ doiag h«l <r 
mlfthiaf;a term ufed when thebcafii oM 
fUangcr get into another man's gioei A^*^ 
feed there, ^ling grafk or com, te m^ 
cafe tha owner of the ground tB*7^>^K''^ 
impound theat at well hithanightasiatbe 

{)AM'AGEABLB {d mu mpdh, F.}|i«* 
judidal^ hattfWl. , ^ 

DAMNABJL'ITY {dsmmifhut, M 
damoahlencfs. capsUenefk of condeoasooa. 

DAM'NATORY (dMmomiu, t.) caa- 
demning, or that is condemned. 

DAMNITICK (lisarai/cwi, L.) that Wb|^ 
ath damage or hurt. 

pAMyABLENTO(iim yM r,F.^^ 

m$, h') Aamningi ivpiety. 

•Digitized by 







OAMfS Oi JffiMf ) IreJM&ni cdMhtloai 
vUcb fiNBetunei ftt£R)Gatt thofe that work 
ii Itmy Aid SIB otncrwue |MiejiidiCBiy tocy 
flV ttliogttiflied into fcMur loitt* 

1.9* AMs-BiM«. DAMP (St the minet 
attbe>Mftiii/>«n^jfeV») this damp b fiip> 
loU ti fvooeed <rom the moitittaiie of the 
ndudbil flowen, called hoaeyfocklcty wth 
iriidi the line-lboaB oioAow* do thero a* 
hmai, ft takes its name from the Bkeaeis 
^tfetetil of peas bloilbiiis. ItlsAudal- 
viyi to come in the fummcr-tixiie, bot is not 

t. ngfikuMotiwg DAMPS, the6 ate 
fcoi fic^uentljf ]«co]e*minc8y hot very fel- 
hm, if at aU» in lead-mines. If the va* 
pBti theft foft of damps is tooched bf the 
Ohm of a candle, it iramediatelj catches 
fiRysadhas allthecffiBOs of fightenbg or 

|. n* tmmw DAMPS, alTeft perlbns with 
AMosft of kcath and dlAcnltf of bieathing ; 
Vat am feUom iayarions any fintfaer, if At 
(crfbm afieAsi arith it do not fwoon, which 
ifth^dob thooih they are aotqoke fufib- 
tftxif me yet tormented with very noknt 
cosmnoos on tiuir recovery* ine com m it 
sf tWfe fat of damps is known by the flame 
of the candles haeo min g mind, and growug 
kftr sod leller tiu it go ooitrout. The 
mcthsA of cnring thoie that Aroon, is by lay- 
lag tbem on their bellies, with their month 
isshsledachi Che groond, and if that does 
ostieswm them, they fill them ibll of ale, 
sadif thaK hSk, they look upon tfaair caie 

4. fh Ghke DAMP, this by mfaeiS is 
fflhefei m gsthei from the fleam of the 
Wes and the candles, which afcendbig np 
hnotbehigheft part of the vaolt, do there 
^^wskidfe, and in time a film grows over it, 
wlidi oqmipts 9»A becomes p^tilential. It 
apBcsfsof a rmnd form, abont the bagnefs of 
afescbdi, hangibig b the higheft part of the 
nsf, sf foch paflageiof the mfau, as branch 
•nt from the majn-grovr* It is covered with 
a ftia sboDt the thickncft of a cobweb. If 
t^ icm be broken by a (piintcr or any other 
MMsat,^he damp prdently flies eat and 
faftcsiai aD that are near It, the workmen 
haic a way of bfcakfaig k at a diftance hj 
the help of a iVick and a long rape, whkh 
bdag done, they afterwards puiify the place 
with fire. 

DAN£ LAGS (Dane-]ea^,^«».) t^'«^* 
^Ammtlti tonkin SwgUtd^ doling the time 
o^tbaZ)v«^goveniawnt, which took pISce 
WlyinfitteeBcoantks, Tor^, t>^9 if ft" 
(Mm, midkfu, IhMk, Cmhidit and 

ft'tMl JP^, ^ugOi, Qmmhidgffiin aod 


DAN'GER 7 a paymeflt of monef 

DAKOFRltTM 5 antienfly made by the 
foKft-tenants to their lords, that they might 
have leave to plow and low in the time of 
panoageor maft-ftediag, it is otherwife called 
Iftfw hf-Jther, 

DAN'GEROUSKESS (of dtiigenum, F.) 

PAKd^ING (f.d. down and hanging) 
hanging down, peodoloos. 

The DAKK, the molflwc or feat of dahk^ 
deft or wetnefi, 

DANK1SH, a little moift or wet* ' 

DANK^SHNESS, moiftneis. 

DARDANA'RIIK, an ufnrer, mono- 
poliA, fach as eaas*d a fcarcky and deernefii of 
previfloos, and par ticalarly of corns, by bttyin^ 
them up and hoofdiRg mem, to raife thei^ 
valno in order to Ibll thett at an extravagant 

ToDARE(denfan, Sax.)detnit, Dvtch) 
to have courage for anypurpofe { not to bt 
afirald f to adventure $ to tic advcftt'rous* 
I dart do all that may become a man | 
Who dar0s do more. Is ndne. 

The Ather bote ft vrith undaunted Ibui, 

Like one wko4fort his defllny controuU 

' Drydoh 

Deliberate and weU wetgh*d courage knows 
bock to be tantious and to da^, as occafion 
otmrSa Dtym€H« 

To DARE, to cballengs^ to defy. 
Pmlamptisous wieteh ! what mortal art to^kns 
Immortal power, and brave the thunderer. 

DARING, bold, adventurous, folrlei^ 
oo«tageoas, intrepid, brave, flout. 

DARINGLY, boldly, courageoofly, ftar- 
kisly, impudently, outrsgeoufly. 

DAOIINONESS (Vsprdppeitf %ei]IIUftt 
Ssx.) adventurouihels, boldnefs. 

DARK TMf, a ponable ctwterg ttjatr^t 
made not unlike to a delk, and fitted with op« 
tick glafles, to cake proipeasof kndflcips, . 
buildings, fortifications, 9e^ 

DARK'NE^ (toeopcneixe, S^m.) want 
of light, obfcurity, hiddenneft. 

DARK'UNG, obfcurity making dark* 


To DARN (probably of ^ypnan, Smx> to 
hide) to few ctofs-wife in imitation of what 
is woven* 

DASTARDLY, cowardly, ftiat-hearted^ 

DASTAROY, cowardlinefs. 

DATIVE ruulage{CMI Law) a tutelage 
of a minor appointed by a msg^flUNP* 

DAVID'S ^j/ (with Nawgmti\^ ^n- 
flrument confifting of two triangles joined to* 
grther, each having its baie archM, and con* 
talning a qoadrant of 90 degrees between 
them in the circle of thck bafes. 

IDAUNT'ED (iflwi, F. damitm^ L. tamed) 
T 2 PAUVT'- 

DE • 

• DATTNT'LESNESS, t be!iis withoot fear 

. DAUPHIN, the next hdr to the crown 
of/>«jK», which is fuppo(ed^tohavc proceed- 
ed from the name, the Dauptint «/ yienaoit, 
who were rovextignt of die prwince Daw 
fbfntxn France^ having uktn the D^bm for 
ichcirai«n<i the laftof thofe princes having 
no iflac, gave his dhninions to the crown of 
FroMte, upon condition that the heir of (he 
crown fliould be called Dauphin, v4 ever ^* 
ter beat a Dolphim fyt his arms« 

DAWN'ING, thebeginnif^goftheday. « 

DAYf 9i to'the beginning of the day, w» in 
Etigland begin the njitunl day at twelve 
o*cSgc|c at night, whicli cuftom we feem to 
Ivive boiTowed frpn the Sgyptiant, or Ro- 
maat, who Uegan it at that time. The 
leligioos natural day at fnn-iet, and thus do 
tht Jfolisiu, Mobem/ati and P^iiden, Jhe 
JttuSf Chaldeans and Bahylonians begin their 
day at fun-rlBng, and fododie Ftrjamti but 
(he Arabiaui from noon. . 

To Jft difmJItd vfithput DAV {taw tfrm] is 
to be abfoiutely discharged t^e court. 

To bnve a DAY.d>y the R9ii{Law term) to 
hyve. a day cf appearance affign*d. 

DAY fy<erg if land (am^^g'the Ancients) 
as inuch land as could be p)ough*d tip in one 
day*s work ; or, as it is ftill called by farmers, 

DEA'CINATED {deaifpatui^ |,.) cl^n^ 
Ie4 from the kernels. 

DEA'CONSHIP (cf^afonuh ^.i nndfrip 
•n JSagfijh termiqatbn ibff olfice) ilkeoffioe 
OT digniJy ^ a deacon, . -. 

To .DJ5»^D EN (of t>ezt, Sax.) to take 
awa)»from the force of a weig})t> tflow, &r. 

DEAD f^ater (with Mariners) it the eddy 
wg(rr th%t Is nef t behind thfi ften^ of the 
fhip, which, is Co termed, bccaufe it does not 
pafs awaf 'fo fwi&Iyi as thvt water does that 
runs by her fide { fa that yfkcn a fliip has. a 
great ^dy. following her Ae(:n> they fay ihe 
makes much dead water. 

DEAD'LY (of «>ea*t)lie« Sax,) cauiing 

pE AF'ISH, fomethiog hard of hearing. 

DEaF'NESS C&eajcncrrc» ^<'*0 ^^' 
pef« or want of the i'en^of j^eariog. 

DEAL'ING (t>atlinjj. Sax,) trading j 
alfo dIArUMiting. 

DEAL'ER (of to«Un» Sax. to divide; a 
trader, buyer or feller. 

DEAR CMop> Sax,) coding a great price ; 
«]fo indeared' 

DEAR'NESS (of beonnej^pi. Sax.) cofl- 
Unefs, (^c, ' 

To DEAR 'TU ATE {dtartnatum, L.) to 
di^ointf %inrter or cut 'in peaces.) to dif- 

DEATH .'bca"^, Sax,)% privation of life, 
which is confidercd in the feparatloo of the 
foul fiom the body. 

D£ AT^-^ATCH» a fnuU infta. 


DEATH (with PbyjUiaai) U ^^Batd ^ 
total ftoppage of the circulation of the blot>d» 
and the ceflation of the animal and inpX 
fandloos, which fbUow tlKiesipoo; at rt^» 
ration, fenfatin, 

DEATHO^ESS (tca^etr, Sait.) Ii»* 
motal. M 

DE ATH'LESNBSS (^ea'tkarBerr> ^^O 


DEBACCHA^ION, a ng$Bg or mad* 
aefs, Z. 

DEBARRED (of dkltfryy; F.) fundcicdor 
kept from. 

D£BASE'M£NT(4i^fJ6»M»t» F.]abeiii£ 
brought low. 

DEBA'TABLE (of d^ate, F.) that mtf 
be difputtd. 

To DEBATE (dtbdfre^ P-} tp dilute, tft 
ai:gue ddiberateiy on a matter. '* 

DISJJJCWZD [dtbauch/, F.)lcwed* al« 
CQntment* •** • 

4 DEBAUCH'! (m dibauch^ P.) n iio'« 
tODs perfon. 

. DEBEN'TURE (in the Exehtqaer ani 
King's boufe) a writing given to the Terranti 
for the payment of thdr wages, 

Jr#«iiW DEBILITIES s/a^tfa^ (in Jif^ 
trilogy) U when a phmet is in iti detrimait, 
fall or peregrine. 

Accidental DEBILITIES of a flantt (with 
A^t^hg/trs) is when a planet ir In th« 6th 
8th or Y2th hoofes ; or combuft, &€, fo tha« 
by each of thefe circomftantes it is iaid to bt 
more dr lefs affiidtcd, and to hanmji wsauy «r 
fi ftw debi/ttrtt, . 

DEBILFTY (with ^PJI^c/aai) a weaknefa 
that proceeds from fwooning, fainting, hunger** 
oc ibme other indifpofirinn ; or It is a relaz<^ 
atlon of the folids, which induces wcakaeft* 

DEBOIST'NESS, debauchodnefs, £f<. 

DEBONNAmiTY 7 {deboaairet^, F.) 

DEBONNAIR'NESS 5 good humoorv 
couheoafnefs, afFaUlity, ^c, 

Ckirof^raphary DEBT, is a debt due by vir- 
tnc of a note or writing under 0Qe*i hand, an4 
net proved in a court of judicature. 

H^ffothicaiy DEBT, a debt which is due 
by virtue of tome contra^ or condemnarioo. 

Preirfftfrory DEBT, is a debt which arifta 
fiom aKcnatioB of lands, Vc, the whole pvr- 
chafe ol whith has not been paid. ' 
. Prfmiiedgtd DEBT, is a debt that Inaft be 
fatisfied faefere all others, as a king*s tax, &c, 

Rtgn/atUZC A OOU (in F«rtifcainn] 
a fbmfied town that has ten fides and as many 
angles, or ten baftioos \ the angles of vrfiick 
are all equal one to another. 

DECAP'iLLATBD {decapilUtus, t.) 
having the hair pulled or fallen* off. 
. DtQASn:YLE(decafyks,U0fh£€v\m', 
Gri) that has ten pillars. 

DECEA»'ED (dicid^, F,decejiis, L.) dead. 

DfiCEIT'PULNESS {of dtaptio, L.) hlfe 
d^agt depetwng, ^r. 

DECEIVaBLENESS (ofdecepttbU/s, L.) 
^, decdttol 


tXCEM'BER (of decern, L. ten) the laft 
BMBth in oor year Mcuming at January, or 
the lotb beginoiag at Martb. The time 
vha tike fim eoten the tiopick of Ca^Uorn 
Bakbf ov ihorteft day. 

DECEMBER (Hierogfyphically) was rc- 
fRfcBteA hy a nan with a horrid afpeft, 
tW in a flushed rug | with three or four 
light'Capa apon hh head, and over them a 
TwrUJb turbt' 1 1 his nofe red and beard hung 
widi iddct $ at h» back a boodle of holly 
d^Jry, holding m fbrred mittins a goat. . 

iJtCEM'VlRAL Lavn^ the laws of the 

DECEM'VIRI (among the Romans) the 
we^ffhntet cledcd to govern the comiAoq« 
wnhh s fnfttad of confols; thefe had an ab- 
ftkte power ; bat abuAng it, they were ba- 
«iM, and their eftates coofircated. 

DICEMCE 1(Jecence, F. decet, L.) i. 

DECENCy J ProprieQr of form j proper 
^maSfy; becoming ceremony. 

Thofe thoaiaad ^MKfViy th%t daily flow 

ftom all her words and actions. 

MIt. Par. Lofl.. 

la gmd works there m«y be goods in the 
pMeraJ> bat deetwee and gracefalnels can bc 
iBl| in the fartfcaJan in doing the good. 

Sprat*s Serm^ 


a jrawi 

: fmart ? 
i kept. 
fl. Uodefty; sot ribaldry | not obfceoity. 
Inuaodei^ words admit of no defence | 
(ar'Wiift of deccHey is want of fcnfe. 
» . Rofcommon, 

DECENT {ditem^ L.} becoming} fit} 

tttaWe; ^ • 

Sim there maft be ornaments both in 
iwttiag and ^ttrj, if they are not necelTary, 
tbey moft at Icaft be </rcoir; that is in their 
^ fdace, and but moderate !y ufed, Dry4fea. 
DECENTLY, in «' proper mariner 5 with 
tebie behavioor ; wtthoiit meanne/s or of- 
teatitioo : z. without immodeftyl 
He peflorma wh^t friepdihf>> Jaftke, truth 

What coold he more* but deeently retire ? 

DSCEPTIBLE {dteeptiiis, L.) eafy to be 

DECEPTIVE (i/rtir^/trw, L.) deceiving, 
i DECERPTIBLE (of deterpere, L.) that 
■B? be cropped oflT. 

DFCES'SION [deciffio. U) a departing or 
ping away. 
DEClD^OUSNESS(bf^^4&irj» L.} 
I Iptnt6 to fall. 

I DECIM AnriON (in the tim% of the civil 
»» in EM^lami) the fequtftring the tenth 
f«rt of a man*s eftimatioA. 
I PBCIRCINATION (of dtfirdnare, L.) 

Irawtns a circle with a pair of eonpalles^ 
DECrSlVENESS (of decifif, F.) decifiv* 

Sal/DZCK (in ^greatjhip) ^ck whic^ 
reacho irom the main-maft to the ftem. 

garter DECKj, reaches from the fteeiage 
aloft to the mafter^s round houfe. 

Spare DECK (in ^Jht'p) is the uppermoA; 
deck of all that lies between the main maft ' 
and the miiTen ; and is alfo called the Oriofe, 

To raife a DECK {Sea termjis top«t It up 
Tofidk a DECK (Sea term) is to Uy it lower* 
PECLA'RABLE {declarabiks, h.) tha^ 
may be declared. 

North or South DECLIKATION of aiy 
fiar or point of heaven (with jipronomers) is the ^ 
dlilance of thd ftar, &e. from the equator^ 
accordingly as it dtdlnes northwards or fonth« 

True or Real DECLIKATION of a Pld* 
net (with J^ronomen) is the dUUnce of its 
ti^t place from the equator. 

Circ/e 0/ DECLINATION {J/irdnomy) « 
great circle of the fphere, paffing thro* ths 
poles of the world. 

P«ra^l^^/^ DECLINATION [Afiro^ 
nony) is an arch of the circle of Declinationp 
whereby the parallax of the altitude increa** 
iesar diminiihes the dedioation.of the ftar«^ 

RefraBion of the PECLINATION {AJir^ 
nomy) an arch of the circle of the Deelinatioiu 
whereby the Declination of a ftar is increaitl 
or diminiflied by means of the rsfra^'on. 

DECLINING {decUnm, L.) ka^g «r 
bowing 4pwnwards or moving from. 

DECLIVOUS (declivif, L.J fteep dow»i 

To PECOCT' IdieoBum, L.) to ft^ oc 
bwl weli. 

DEPOCTIBLE (decoaibilis^ L.) cafy tt 
be fodden or boiled. 

DECOCTOVE (decoaivus, L.) eaAy (oAm 

DECOCTURE deeoaura, L.) a deooQloi, 
a )>roth or liquorwherein things baVebeea>oikd« 
DECOLOR A'TION, a fuining oc mar- 
ring the rolour. • 

DE'COMPOUND {decompojitum^ L. nn 
decompofe, F.) a w(^rd compoled of more than 
(WQ words, as iidifpofition. 
* DECOMPOSITIOV (with Apothecaries) 
is (he reduction of a body into the parts or pria- 
cipa's that it is compofcd or connfts of. 

DECO^AMENT {dccoramentum, L.) aa 
ornament) an adorning. 

DE'CORATED {decoratus, L. deeore^ F.) 
beautifiec^, adorned. 

DJ^CORA-^'IONS {wtth Architeffs) oraa- 
mems in churches and other publkk adiBces, 
or other things that iiyich a building, trium- 
phal arch, &r. 
DE'COROUS? (deeofofusy L.) fair and 
DECOKO^E^ lovely^ beui^iful, grace- 

ful, COaQJily, Dig tized by Google 

TotKCeltilnCATE {ia^Ufi^ '%.) •> 
teri or ^oll off the bark of oeei. 

DECCRUM (in ^rthiiefftrt) U tlie dlt- 
Ibi amd pfofbrftoniog dl the ptrCsdf ^ buUd- 
iag^ ib a* lirill beft lecoaie tte iitMtiOn and 
^|R, /. «. AiButnt pro^aOt are to bit elio- 
ienlor fereh^ parttof a bnildiag* aceotdini; 
To {he nataxe of die pUict^ ^'' ud suiit be 
IHflfereM ^ipo^tio&s and piopottioap for a pai- j 
)ice to that of a chorck. 

D£CRIAT10N» a^ftpMfl9«fleu^ 
^pjiimiatioo of what ha* been 


^worn «at with hge^ fo a3i to walk Koopb^ > 

lb OECkCI^TATE (of il^ and m^- 
IMH^ U) to tedocfe to powder, that mafcei. x 

MdtSTALy « ktfcript « kttir jH % 
pope, whereby feme pauit or ^Kftioo itt t^ 
kdedkftical law^ IsiblvfttordeterfliiiDed, F. 

DtClTMnn-n^B (of itcKwair^t. to 
Be dowA) a luring dowA, a bqioc iAteA wf th 

* difiafe. fo ai to be fdkced W tab l» the bed. 

bSCCrRTAl*ION» the cittfa)| or aak« 
lag ihort. 

* DSClTS'SATIONj A cutting a-cnd^ or 
Id the form of a letter It or ^rwUl^. 

DECUSSCymuM (with SurMtmi) an in* 
i^ment witli whkh the friiT called D^rrd 
fHiwur being ptefled tapwardi is joined to the 
AtfNj fo that the oormpt matter gathered be- 
JMfoeft die itoM and Da^tf MtUr, may be 
let oat at a bole made with a tte^> £*. 
' OBDE'CORAtEO {iidm^attO, L.) dif- 
lionoared, diftiaced. t 

- DfiDtf OR0US(dtelbMrsf, L.} olMoaM(!r« 

0ftl>ldAlriOfT 174^, the Mital of the 
4ediea£oo of acharch| aackntl/ iobierved in 
dite^ yafiih wltii fidemaitv «M good eheer, 
lOoft of the asdent annoaJ fiun ate kept aH 
that da/, and they flrft arofe from the ooa^ 
coitffe of people on the jhrrmrnrioned occa* 

MDlTrrrovS (icd^Wai^tOyleMbgor 
deffreiidg Mdiftlf vp hito the power of aAo- 

DBDU^BL£N£S$ (of didniimt^ L.) 
capableneffl of being dcdo^led. 

DEED JMenui (la L49) aa indntturt^ a 
writing cut into denti or notches on- the top 
Off lide, which contiAt of two or more parts 3 
aad la which it is eapretfed, that the parties 
coBcettied have bteKhangeably or, federally 
let cbeir hands aad feals to every part of it. 

D£%D PbS 7 is a fingie plala deed un. 

P*//r<^D££D 5 indented, Ibewing that 
only one of the partSes has pat his hsdd bnd 
UA to \t, for the porpofe therein mentioned. 

DPEP'NESS (ieoprtef j-e, .?«?.) depth. 

DEE'SIS (»i«^, Cr.)abefeechingor in- 

DSSSI!i (with RBmrUians) a 6gure fre* 
%^e&t)y ui«d in oratory or poetry,' on^oceafion 

dthtr «f etineft intaeaty or calfii^ to wUmeft g 
f u t^a^t die, per mmet it 4i9t era. 

raF AIT (in Hrr«/^) a bcaft whofe hM4 
is Cut off (moothy F. 

DEFATaCABLTOlBSS (of drfitti^m^Uu, 
L J aptoefs to be tireflti 

To DEfAtTLT' (of ^ffhm, vH Jimic. P.) 
10 render a perfonliible to iome iorteit» fia^ 
amercement or puaiihment, |^ omitda^ t» ^ 
lomethihg enjomca^ oe commtui 

DBf AtTLT^ (in tmtam tmo\ ca ( 
k. omitting to do what ought to be done. 

DEFBCriTEKESS (oF JkfiSHtmm, l^ 
i^fhufitf^ F.JfaBHineA, imparfcaiQia* 

XfM^OEFETfCE TiAm (in Tvftif:^ ja 
If i%ht lise drawA from tbfipq^ or 'veitae 
of the baftioB to the coocowrfe of the opbpofiie 
Bank With the courtine. 

liar 0/ DEFENCE tj^ti (ia FW«^.) & 
llm 6tm of tke biAioB eomhioed 10 the «oar- 

7dif aa tf f^hM ^ 0BFEHCI& ia to bo 
provided aad m readmeis to oppofeaa oneaey* 
DEFEND'AUB [sfii^^^Ui^fkJLt^ 
FOthit nuy be defeaded* 

DBFEND1ERS» in aacieBt ^bes, digti- 
tdribi ia charch aai fiate to take care «f d^ 
pialenration of the raUick weal, tOMtoft 
the poor and helplefi, aad giaintaia die !»• 
teieft \iA caafes of the chorck* 

DEFENSIBLENESS (of is^af^, 1^ 
cipableaefs of being ^eionded. 

DEFEN'SITIYES (with ga > g sei ») baa- 
dages, pbdfterSy er the tike, oled in cariag 
wooads, to modente the violence of tke paia^ 
fanpreifionof theextetaalidry fifr* 
pEFEN'SrVTE > {Me'^fft ''0 tk«t 
DEFEN'SITIVE S w&h (crvcs to dor 
fend, proper for defeace> 
DEFEN'SIVES 1 (with Ph^tfiei^ 

DEFEN'SATIVE$ 5 &c.) medicinea 
ootwaaUy applied to preveat an infU'mnaatioa« 
DE'FERENTS (with Anattmifo) thoti^ 
wffels of the body appointed iot the convey* 
ance of hdmoors mm one part to aao^ier. 
OBFPCIENCY 1 (niJi^lUimim, t.\ 
DEFI^ENTNESS { defed, comiag 
flttrt, want, failing. 

DEFICIENT HyftrSola, a carve of that 
denominadon, having only oae afymptoee aad 
two hyperbolical legs^ runnbg oat mfiniteiy 
towiirda the fides of the afymptote, bat the 
coatrary ways. 

DEFrCIENT NmuUn (ia ArithmeikS^ 
are aaflfibers, all whofe parts added together* 
amoont to leffthan the btegar^ whoie parti 
they are, as S» whofe parts i, a and 4 make 
bttt 7> and (0 the paiu of rb make bat 15, 

To DBF I 'IE, ia to reduee an army to a 
fmall front, to march thro^ a yarrow place* , 
DETINITENESS (of Jefimtut, I. difrt\ 
F>) certainty, limitcdneis. 

DEFINITION^ albortandplaindercrip- 
^ . tion 

D E 

^ of • tlilog. frith ItB atCise joifiiatlpal 
fKfa6t9i allba^icaioftordeCKiiiiQatioaof 
aAri «r it k M> csBd dcfcripilom ex- 
ihU^ mitiaghj f|ifftoa] ittributet. 
Tknt tUofi tfc aeccffiuy to sake a^* 

I* it flmft fte wUvecfily i* f« It noft-coii* 
s. It flwt bt |mer,1(^«|cli 

3, ft Bvft he dcmr thaa the tUng 4e. 
M,t.<.koii|htt» itBderthe tda of it 
WM rU« anA AttBa* uA nalu ne (at 
iHdaicaabe) to udcribudl ti» aatore «f 
ii^nile ftrMdUe to •! to |he a icaioB of 

fa« tk cfince or bdof of a duob bj k$ 

Diroi'lTlVKNESS (dd^mtif, F»)iN 
fMttmt^ x»«} dedttvclMi^ Off* 

Tb DSruiL'ORATE (dtJUgtmm^ L.) to 
UiafleadbMaoffiiiacnidUc, anbtfint 
if Ak or IBM alMral bodr wiA a folpbii- 
flMot «H^ is Older to yoiify the filt> or to 
adb a JBMlbt of a nSoeyal. 

OBPUXUU {ii/UxHTM, £.) a bfiilbig 
hmrnnxU, a tonlag aiUe orootof the way. 

Df FLECTION (tf ^ r^ ^i^I«^} t 
koiiK dowawttdiy a t«m!o|a^ a pior 
fOti tftcot both fion rykSi§M aad /!«« 
/idbi^ dk Ikma whUh it a2k4 Zf/RfAi «f 

imOMmOlf 2 nnMifl tittHde- 

mfLOWERINO ^. lofaway a noottA'a 

Mi^S aUb th^ taC^i away the beaol^., 

JNUOWBllMEin* {d^vmipp £.> the 
aftflf MewBdoKOTiirias aUb the fofiote 
tftbrtaa. ^ 

nBuPTlinl (a»oo| BuMmlk) a £f» 
ttfeiotiofeOy whendby they lofiitfablr bode, 
Tbh MfMHur proceeji liom a Aaip hwnoor 
tbtf Mbtfca no gUi«^ by oMana of whkh. 
<bt baik it fidbMd to the.WDod ; aod tetc* 
Ibviitiioeeofiooe4bytoo«tatdrao|ht. Z.. 

IWDRinDNBSS {d^rmitm, L) ofi- 
iarf^ itl4avooiete6 i a dBfolcafing or pain* 
U iita, whkh k cnit«4 la the mind 00 
of tmt obM that woota that «■!- 

ib ti B ity which couUiytei bcaoty* 

lD[aMSt of OVpODOCi^ 

nKFRICAnriON, anMiig« J^. 
DEF^A&DAJ^. the trtafwtr of the i«* 
^Boci of the Tmrkimppfi Pt^s^. tiaDno. 

jgpmai y^ a boiog |cowa wiU« oot of klad« 

DECEmiLA^OK^ the aft of iailiog oe 
'^' ' laamoprndotTiloaUokiad 

DE ^ 

or tmOOvk MAkiai a.4efla^.6op.yit 
virtue of aooeAon. 
DEGLU'XINAmX^«<UM«o^ 4^ 

TroCtUTITIOK. a^lwa||owh«dowaa 
that aOioB in livbig cieator«t», by whkh (hag 
which it chew*d in the foooth^ or aay li9oor> 
defceadt into tho ftoatach by the moHoa aoi 
cootraaioo of the fibret of the «oUet« 

I>£QRADA'nOK, a.a«ndii«, the aft 
of depriviag or ftiippiog^ a perfim lor eror of 
a dignity or degree of hmoory afr. 

To DBGIUVVATE {dtg^mm^h ii*) to 
makohearyt tobordeo. 

DEGREE/ (^Ap/, /*.}%! lUbai^ftaMi 
orooiiiitioot that k at it were aiboodi^ ai;^ 

DEGREE (with 4/h^) k the j^oth yaie 
of tho drewaferaoco of any drck) a degree 
k divided into 60 parti caUed Minmit^ anA 
each ildGkior into 60 perti coUed ^»cn^. and 
feiatoTUnfr^ fto. The fpaoe of one dcgroo 
In th^heaireiiakacooaolod'toaafworto6<a 
loilct 00 earth* 

DEGREE (hi Ftrtif.) k a faiaU patt of ta 
tick of a drde (the circle conttinliig 3(9 
degreet) wliieh icmt fto the oea((iiliig tlio 
cQateatofthe.aaik^lbiaii angie k fail to faa 
of icip ao, so» 40, 59 or 60 degrot^ $$(• 

DEGREES ^ mm (with Cbfwifin) are ac« 
€0«ntod.tet. The.foft k the;iiioftgtatlo 
heat of aU, made4Nily*^twoorthaieieQak| 
the ad a deginte of lieat j«i> to jwarm the vtff* 
fel feofibly, fltade by Sw or tve coak,.aaA 
io that a aaft mtf endon hk head apes it 
fbrfiMneiiaiei t)M jd k whw ^hom k hott 
ibficient to maJte a foffelcontainiof ^'9^ o» 
fitqoarti of waatrbQil.s thQ4thd*fneekao 
great a lieat at can poffibiy be ouide in a for« 
naeti but ailthefr dtgioet of hott adaitof 
ihoM vaiiatiQOtf according to tfio.pociilkr ck« 
cofliftanotaof thftO|Mntiea^ Annao^ vcflbk» 
^oa&tky of auttter to be hetto^^ 9ft » 

DEICIDE (from dm aad rWr, U) thiy 
aioidertif Qod| the aa of kUlhig Oed t k 
k only oMJa fpeydag of. the death of oaci 
blefled. Savioor. 

Expkia how perMioa foflend paia. 
Almighty Jaag^X aad otaniel dyM |. 

How hf her petieat viaor death was daiOf 
Aad earth profi»!d» yet bielb*d trltfa Aircd^. 

DEJECTIOH \ fd^Mm F.dt. 

DEjECTBDNESS S J^^ ^ « lo«^ 
.aekof f|^rit|» aielaadioly. 

Of ibrrow aad dejiSim, aad deCpait» 
Oar frailty caa Ibitaki, thy tidiagt biiag^ 
Depai^ozo irom thk happy flace* 

AiUt, P^. l^- 
ft. Weakaelb^ laaWBtyi }. (k mUkiimi a 
goiag to ftool. 

DEJECTURB. The excr e mm ti * 

DEJECTIOI^ (with 4M>) k faid of the 
p^aneti^ when in th^^ttrimeot|^f» r* when 

Digitized by VjOv •* 

Aer lute htt tbdr foice or lodaMce fcy m- 
ibn «f being m opppfition to fome othen, 
which dieck and cottnter-aa; them*. 

DE TECTION (with PbjJUiant) the art of 
cj^aiag or eracuating the excrements by means 
©f the periftaltick motion of the guti. 

DEI JUDICIUM (/. e. the jodgment of 
<5«d, fo called, bectnfe it was accounted an 
appeal to God for the Jttfticc of a caofe j and 
Chit the decifion was according to the ap- 
pointment of difinc providence) ihe old Saxw 
jnanner of trial by OrdeaL 

DEINCLVNERS (in Diattlng) fuch dials 
U both decline and iodhiej or xeclint at the 

i^me time. . ^ . ^ , 

DEtPAROUS {deiptrta, t, of dan, a God, 
and parip to bring forth, L.) that bcareth or 
hringeth forth a god. 

DEIITICAL [ofdeffte, F. cfdau, L.) of 
deifm or Detft, 

DEIS'TICALNESS {cidtifte, F.deut, L.) 
deafttcal principles. 

Dfi'ISTS (o(Deut, L. Cod) a fed among 
the Chriftians of moft or all denominationi, 
who believe theft is one God, a providence, 
the immortality of the foul, virtue and vice, 
lewards and puiuflifflents ; bat reject revela- 
tion, and believe no more than what natural 
light difiravers to them, and believe no other 
article of the Chriftian religion, or any other, 
DEIVIitrLE (among School Dwitttt) is a 
term vied to figni^ fomething both divine and 
liumaoy of X>Mi, God, and Virlis, pertahiiog 
' t* man. 

DELACRVM ATION, t falHng down of 
tht humours, the wateriflmefi of the eyes, 
cr a weeping much. L, 

DELACT ATION, t weaning fitmi the 

DELAFSED {dtUpfus, L.) ttiding or Aid- 
ien down. L, 

DELASSA'TION, a tiring or wearying, t. 
DELECT'ABLENESS, delightfulodf, 

DELECTA'KEOUS {deUamma, L,) de- 
lightfome, pkafaot. 

DEL'EGATBS, are commiffioners of ap- 
peal, appointcfd by the king under the great 
ieal ia oiUes of appeals from the ecdtfiaftical 

To DE'LE 7 (of delere, L.) to Wot 
^-^ DELETE 5 out. 
DELETE'RIUM fprob, of h\im, Ot. to 
Irnit) any thing that is of a deadly poifonons 
or mifchievous quality. 

DELF (of bclpan. Sax. to delve or dig) a 
mine or ounrry. 

DELI 'AC AL Pro^em, a famous problem 
among the antient mathematicians about 
Aoobling the cube. 

DE'LIBATED (dolibatws, L.) tafted. 
DELIB'ERATIVE Rbetirick, is that 
which is employed in proving a thing, or con- 
irmdng an aflembly of it, in order to induce 
them to put ic in txenitioo* 


I^LTBRATIOK, a petlisg ^ takhig ctfT 
the bark, L. 

DEL'ICATENESS (deUda, dtUaioJpt, F.> 
daintineis, njcenefty tendemeft. . 

DELaCATUDE {dtfuatmdo, L.) delid-> 

DELT^OUSNESS {d delidofia, L.) 
fweetnefsof tafte, &c. 

DELICIOS'lTY {d^Hofiw) U} dclki« 

DELICIOSE (dtiUiofm, L.) ircsy ddkioat 
or fweet. 
DELlGHTTPULNESS 7 (of </«//<f>, L.) 
jCalner|*e> 5Mr.)verypIeafant. 

DELIN'EATED (<ie//nMnM, L.)drawnat 
with the out lines, pourtray*d, ttp'^elcDted 
by drau^t or plSure. 

DELINI'MENT (^inmmhm, U) a au* 
tigatin^.or aiTwaging. , 

DELl'QUIUM animi, a fiuatiag away or 
fwooning, L. 

DELIllAMENT {deltramiitim, U) a 
dotage or doting. 

DELIR'IOUS {of delirium, L. JoSrt, t.} 
doting or being light-headed. 

DELI/VERER (of delivrer, F, Jihtrtiir, 
L. ) one who frees from . 

DELITIGATION, a fbiving, a duU- 
ii^ a contending. L, 

DELTHIK (in jS/Jronomy) a oortheni coa« 
filiation oonfiffing of ten ftars. 
DELPHOS, a city in BoeoM. 
DELTOIDES (of ▲ the Greek Kxw, aal 
fth^, fliape) a triangular mufde arifingfitna 
the cUvicuiar, from the upper procefs of tbe 
ihouUer-bladej as alio from the proceft of tfatf 
fame, caDeAJprniforme, and is faftened totibe 
middle of the ihoulder-bone, which it lifiB 
<iire6tly upwards, S^€, 

DELTOTON (JiXwr*^ Gr.) a confleU 
latson or dufter of £x ftars^ in form stfesB- 
Umg 6ie letter ^, called otherwife Trutigi- 

DEXUOE {dtfavium, L.) an inaodatiQa 
or overflowing of the earth dther in part or 
the whole by water. 

DBLUMBATION, a beating or hceakhf 
of the loins, L, 

DEMAI'N^ that Isnd which a wta 
DEMEAN y holds originally of Kimfel^ 
DEMESN ) which the CivWans call 
DominicMm, and la oppofed to Ftoditm ar kft 
which fignifia land held of a fuperior Iced. 
Indeed (the land of the crown only accepted)' 
there is no land that is not held of ibme fitpe* 
rior J becaufe all, cither mediately or imme», 
diately, do depend on. the crown i& that 
when a man, in pleading, would intimate, 
that his land is hisown, he pleads tbathtwts 
feixed or pojpffed thereof in his demain M 4 
/ee ; and by this he means, that tho* hia laM 
te to 4um and his heirs for ever ; yet it iai** 
true dcmain, but depend* upon a (npefior 

^^^* DigtizedbyGoOgk PEMANP 

D E 

' DEMAND'' (in taw) • claim or oJlint 
' ipoD a pcHba fcr any thing due. 

D£M£R'SBD {dtmtrfmt, L.) plo&gcd, 

D£MI BafiUn (in Fwtife^w^ a biftion 
tlut bai only one face and one flank. 

DEMI dawn •/ tU ka/l Jime (with Gm- 
wrs) a great gun, carrying a ball of fix inches 
dSancttr, and thirty ^und weight, requires 
a cbaife of twenty four pound of powdier^ 
and frill dtfty a ball point blank 156 paces. 
Tbii gun weighs 5^00 pounds 4 b in length 
ium ten to efeven feet, and the diameter at 
tbe bore is fix inches oAe fourth. 

DEMI Catmm Ordmm^j (udth CiiiMMrs) car- 
110 a ball fix inches one fixth diameter, and 
iblty two pound #ei^t ; requires a charge 
sfimBtccn pound and half of powder, weighs 
j6oo poviid s is In length twelve feet ; the 
•aSBCter at the bore fix inches and a half, and 
cvfki a ball 164 paces. 

DEMI GroM ExtrMoritHtry (unth Gnn- 
'BVt)can]esa ball of fix inches threeeighthsdia- 
acttr, sad 36 pound weight \ requires a charge 
«f 18 poaod of powder} weighs 6ooonound; 
h m length 13 foot; the diameter at the bore 
h fix iachcs three fourths, and carries a ball 
opon a pQBtUank iSo paces. 

DEMICUI/VERINE (of dem and cost- 
kwiaf, F.)a piece of ordnance of feveral forts 

ISMI-CULVERINE Or4rMry( with (Pmi. 
Bsrs} it la weight 2700 pohnd, is tea feet 
loBf ; diameter at the bore four inches and 
half; itqaiies a charge of fesen pou'id, four 
onoces of powder ) the ball is four inches 
•Be fnth diaaticter, and in weight ten pound 
ckfca oaaccs j andfiioots upon a point blank 
17^ ptoo. 

DEMICULVERINE tf tUhaftJixM, is 
• pBce of ordnance, in weight 3000 pound \ 
ia kafcb fimn nine to ten feet, the diameter 
atUtt bofe ibur inches one fourth { requires a 
abarge of fix connd one foonh powder; car- 
lia s bail of' nioe pound weight, and four 
Bcbesooe fourth diameter, WiU fhoot upon a 
point blank 174 paces. '^ 

DEMI-CULVERINE Extraordinary^ a 
pieee of ordnance of 3000 pound weight, 
ji ten fleet one third long, four inches three 
fcartbs &ineter at the bore, requires a charge 
afdg^t paund and half of powder, and a ball 
«f fenr inches and a half diameter, and twelve 
peand eleven ounces weight, and will iboot 
apeaa point Uank 17S paces. 

DEMI-DITONE (with MMficiani) the 
ftaie as Tf^cv Mixer ^ 

DEMI-OORGE (in Fonif.) is half the 
pfi or entrance into the baftion, but not 
tsken 1mm angle to angle, where the bafiion 
joins the coortin, but from the angle at the 
liflk to thfc centre of the baftion, or the 
aagk that the oourtim would make, if they 
vcre thus lengthened to meet in the baftion. 

DEMI-HAQUfifafortofgun. SHHsjm. 

DEMI^LUME, a half moon, F. 

DEMI*SANG (Law terra) of tbt haV 
blood { as when a man has ififueby his wife, 
either fen or daughter, and upon tht death 
of his wife he marries anothw, and has alfo a 
Ami or daughter by her; thefe fims or daugh- 
ters are commonly called balf-httbin^ or 
bxlf.^rt, or of the haif^Ufd, F. 

D£MIUR'GIC(<fMn«r^cM, L. hfJ^tv^uit 
oi^ Hf4^, the poblick and lp/«r, Gr. work) 
of or pertaining to a creator. 

DE'MONS (^«i,u«vs, according to fomc 
of 9a{i§\ai, todiitribote, to adminilter, others 
of lu^aiMi, to make afraid, others of <lkir?9 
Gr. to know) were certain fpirits or gfnii, 
who are reported to have appeared to mo^ 
either to ferre them or do them hurt. 

eafinefs to be demonfirated, capableaefa ol 

DEMONSTRATION (with Fbihfopbm) 
a fyllogifm in form> containing a clear and 
invincible truth of a propofitioo. 

DEMONSTRATION (with L^gidam) 
an argument (b convincing, that the conclnfioa 
muft neceflarily be infalibie. 

which proceeding by affirmative and evident 
propofitions, depenclent on each other, eadt 
in the thing to be damonftrated. 

whereby a thing is (hewn to be fuch from 
fome abfurdity that would follow, if it wars 

A DEMONSTRATION « Priort, one 
whereby an cffeft is proved from a caofe j or 
a conclufion by fomething previous, either a 
cauie or an antecedent. 

A DEMONSTRATION a Po/leriort^ b 
one whereby either a caufe is proved from aa 
effect, or a conclufion by fomethug pofterior, 
either an effect or a consequent. 

A Gcomiiri(Mi DEMONSTRATION, one 
framed from reafonug drawn from the ek« 
ments of Euclid. 

A M,chanic4l DEMONSTRATION, if 
one whofe reaibnings are drawn from riila of 

DEMONSTRATION (with Mathmati* 
cixtti) a chain of arguments depending one 
upon another, and originally founded on firft 
and felf evident principles, or plain propofi* 
tlons raifed and . proved fiom them ; fo that 
in the conclufion it ends in the invincible proof 
of the thing to bedemooftrated. 

DEMON'STRATIVE (with RhttoridmnV 
one of the^rifertf or kinds of eloquence, ufed 
in the compofing panfcgyricks, Invective^, ^r« 


DEMON'STRATORY {demea/fratcrixs, 
L) belonging to demonflration. 

DEMURE'NESS, icfervednefs^ affeatf4 

To DEMUR'R {demturrry F. of^tmorari, 

L.) to put in doubts or objectioos in a fuit | 

U ao 


tv aeUf or put off a Vurtlitf heating. In 
CbMnarjt a.4diendant denittri to a piaintiiTs 
bUl> by affinniag that it is defective in fuch 
or foch a p<aot, and<)eiDaiuU the judgmeot of 
the court upon it, if he flftll be obliged to 
nake any farther or other aofwer to it. 

DEK (in OldReeonii) a. low place, and is ad* 
ded to the names of fevcral towns and villages 
ia the fame.feDfe, as Trndirdm in Ktn^ &c, 

fun farthingiy an ancient cvftomary oblation to 
the cathedral abont fFbitJuntide^ when ths 
prieft of the pariih, and many of the parifluooers 
wenc to vifit the mother-church. 

DENA'RIUS, alSMMiffilvercoin, mark- 
ed with the letter X, it being in value lo 
a/Jh,- or about 7 pence hslf-penny Englijb, L, 
' DENARiyS Dfel (f. i. Ccd'sFtMny) 
earncft money ; fo termed, becaufe in ancient 
trmes, the money that was laid down to bind 
any bargain or agreement, was given to God, 
/. tf. either to the church or poor. *£r. 

DENAR'RABLE (denarr^kHU, L.) that 
may be related. 

DENARRATION, a narration. L. 

DENTRl'TES (of h>l|w, Gr.) a fort of 
whitifli or afli-col' ur'd ftones, which are feen 
on trees, fhrobs, &c». 

DENEB (with jtfironmers) a (far called 
otherwife Cauda /ucidaf or the lion^s tail. 

DENSATION, a making thkk. 

DENSE^ESS {denftta$,^L.) a quality be- 
longing to compact bodies { thicknefs, a pro- 
perty of bodies whereby they contain fuch a 
quantity of matter under fuch a bulk. - 

DENTALS {Detuaies, L.) fuch letters in 
pronouncing which the teeth are abfikhitely. 
neceflary, are by Crarmariam fo called. 

DENT AXIS Lafit (in Fharmacj) a kind 
of iheli, w^ich bcir.g pulverized, 1$ us*d in 
inedkaments as an excellent jlikali, 

DENTAR'PAGA (of dins, L. a tooth, 
and dfw*i»» Gr.) a Airgeon'a inftrument for 
drawing teeth. 
. DENTATED (dentatns, L-) having teeth. 

having teeth, or jagged. 

DEI9 1 'ED (of dentatut, L.) having notches 
Lke teeth. 

DENTIL'OQUIST {dtntilofuus, L,) one 
that fpeaketh through the teeth. 

DENTIL'OQUY {d^ntilofuium, L.) a 
fpcaking through the teeth. 

DENU'DATED {dtnudatus, L.) made 
Bskcd or bnre. 

DENUMERA'TION, a prefent paying 
<iowa ^f money. 

Dr:NUN'TIATED (denunciatnt, L.) de- 

.^- To D20BSTRUCT' (with Pbxfkicns) is 
^"H'o remove ohflructions or ftoppagcs , to open 
ch? por« of the b<!dy« 

D!:oDaS.'D {Di^dtKdim, ^. if an Jim Deo, 
i. t, u> be dcrvoted to God) t thing as it were 
ler/jittfa to CoJj^ to atoae for the viuicnt death 


of min by aHadventure ; a> if a man verei 
killed by the accidental fall of a tree, or nin 
over by a cart-wheel ; then the tree or cart- 
wheel, or cart and horfes, is to be fold, aad 
the money to be given to the~poor. 

DEOPPILATIVES (in Ftarmaiy) me* 
dicines which foften, reiblve and remove ob- 

To DEP AU'PER ATE {dtpauperaum, L.) 
to iropoveri/h or make poor. 

DEPECULA'TOR; one that robs the 
commonwealth i or imbezales the publick 

DEPEN'CILLED 7 (tyfdeviAptnedlhs, 

DEPEN'SILLED 5 L, pencU) defigocd 
or drawn oot with a pencil. 

To DEPHLEG'MATE (ia Oymi/lrf) h 
to clear any thing from phlegm or water t ai 
a fpirit is faid to be well dephlegmated, wben 
it is made pure by being rectified and diftilM 
over again, and either wholly, or as mach as 
may be, cleared of all water and phlegm. 

D£PHLE'GM*D. See to di^^0e, 

DEPLO'RABLENESS, lamentableseli. 

DBPLU'MATED {depiumatm, l.)hitk% 
the feathers taken off. 

DEPLU/MBD (</e^fcrm<; F.) deplumated. 

DEPORT', deportment, bchaf ioor. M//fw. 

DEPORTATTION (among the Rmtn) 
a fort of baniihmeot, by which fooie i/laod 
or other was afftgned for the baniAed perfoo 
to abide in, with a prohibition not to ftir oat 
upon paia of death. L, 

To DEPO^SE {de^Jtum, ofde^tmre, I.> 
.to lay a thing down or to pledge it as a iecv* 
rity for the performance of a contract ; *1^ 
to feqoeilei' or ft rip' a perfon of his digmty* 
It is different from abdication in this, that at- 
dication ia taken to be the voluntary act of 
the perfon who poffeffes the ofiice or dignity ; 
but depofition it an obliging him to qnit it by 
force \ it is pretty much die fame with de- 
privation and degradation f bat the laKcf in* 
deed is ufually. attended with n^oreiormaL'ty 
and ceremonictf, 

DEPOSIT {dt^fitam^ L.) the thing |»t 
into the hands of another to keep. 

DEPOS'lT {dtfofiinm, L. dfif^ f.) • 
pledge. • 

DEPOSinriO (with Grammarians) the 
e .ding of the dimenions^of a Latin or Grtek 
veriej fo as to find out, whether it be per- 
fect, redundant or deficient. L. 

DEPOS'ITUM, a pledge \th in thehand* 
of another, or in a place ; alfo a wager. Zn 

Simple DEPOSITUM (in Uta) is dthff 
nettj/ary or. voluntary ; neceffary as in cafe of 
Fire, iibifmrtcky fjfc. 

y^lnuary DEPOSITUM, thai whfch '» 
committed by choice. 

Judiciary DEPOSITUM, is when a tbiufc 
the rifeht yf which is coijicfted between twe 
or more pcrfons, is deposited in the hands of 
a third perfon, by the decree of the judge. 

Dt^^R^iCATAON .<xa Bhttmti) a fig" 

y* Digitized by V3OOQ It 



wkenhf the orator invokti ^kt aid of fome 
pcriba or thing, or prays for fome evil or 
yiMBflimfnt Co befiil him, who ^aks hlfily, 
cither hiffifelf or his adveriary. 

DEPRrClATED {di^etiatusy L.) cried 
Amto in price or undervalued. 

To D£PREHE'ND (defrtbmdire, L.) to 
catch orfirse anawares. 

D£P]lEH£K'SIBi;.£KES^, capablenefi of 
Wsgcattght or underftood. 

DE'PRIMENS* ;wich AnatomiftM) one of 
the ftndt mofeies, which moves the globe or 
bsU of the eye, which ftrvrs to pulj it down- 
ward! j it is al/b called immiiis, L« 

DEPRETlATEDCi/^rrtM/M, LOleflen- 
din the pries, isndenralued, vih'lled. 

DEPRETIATION, an undervaluing, a 
hftniag the cfteem or value, ^e, h, 

DEPRIVATION (in the Cami6n Law) the 
aft of diveAfaig or taking away a fpliitoal pro* 
■odoB of digrity. 

UEPRIYATIOK a hentfdo.'it when for 
fome great crime a mini(^r is whofiyand for 
cfcrdeptved of his benefice or*Hving. | 

DEPRIVATION tf*fl^<:/<>, is when a mi- 
lAcr is for ever deprived of his office. 

ToDEPirCELATE {depi,etler, F.) tode- 
lover, to bereave of virginity. 

DEPUL^ORY {defuJfirius, L.) potting a- 
Mriy, xvertiog. 

ToDE'PURATE {dtpuranm^ L.) to pn- 
riiy, to frparate the pure from the Unpare 
fair of any thing. 

DEPUTIED, purified, defbrated, cleared 

DEP'UTY (in the fenfc of the L^m) one 
vbo eiecotea any office, &fc. in the right of 
notfaer nan; for whofe mifdenieanoor or 
Mfcsie, the perlbn for whom he a^s /hall 

OERAlGNIirBNT (with CkdlUns) a 
Ifchsige of a profsffion j a term fometimes 
aapiiei to fuch icligioui perfons, who foriook 

DERELICT' Lmndt, fuch lands as are for- 
Ueo bv the fea. 

DErVsORV (derifirwt L ) ridiculouf, 

Derivation (of dt ana r/««f, a Hver 

« Irean, L.) properly a diuiaing of water 
or tBTting its courfe* 

DERMATODES (of V^/m, the ftin, 
Or.) aa ephichet given to the exterior mem- 
wooeihtt invefts the brain, (kin* like. 

OEROG'ATIVfi {dengati^i, L.3dno« 
P**y, detrafling from the worth of. 

DEROCATORINESS, tendency to de- 

Ite'ViCES 7 (tCWTT, a beggar, flrf.) 
DER^VISES 5 among the Turh^ a foi? of 

■•ki who profefs extreme poveity, and lead 

• *wy iDftere life. 

^WCANT (m a metafhoricalfimfi) a con- 

■■••i dikenrft or comment, a large para- 



D E 

.»it)ESC£NDnNG (defitedeni, L.) ftUng 
br mdviiig from beloW downwards^ ^ 

DESCENDING laiitude {jt/lronA is the 
latitude of a planet io it» return ftom th« 
nodes to tho equator. 

D£SC£N^10NAt Difftnnet (jtjhon,) 
is the diffiercnce.between the right and ob^u* 
afccnfion of tlw f|mc ftar. 

Z'Mtf/ descent; is that which is c«Q- 
vey'd down in a jrigbt line from the grandf 
father to the (ather, and from the father to 
the fon, and from the fon to the grandfun. 

C»//4ieWDESQENT^ iithat wbich.fprlngt 
out of the fide of the line or blood, as from a 
man to hii Ijrother, nephew» &c. 

DESCENT {in Mtcbamch) is the motion 
or tendency of a body towards the centre of 
the earthy either dire^ly o^ obliquely. 

DESCENT into a m»Mi cr diub (in Fv^if 
Jicativm) h a deep digging into the earth of the 
covered way, in the form of a trench ; the 
top of which is covered with planki or Wa^* 
ties bound olofe together, and well iosded 
with e^rth* to fccure the foldiers againft fire^ 
in rhcir pafTage i-ito the moat or ditih. 

To DESCRIBE [dtfcrthere^ L.) to write 
out or fct down hi wfiting. 

To DESCRIBE (in Language) istoeYp!a!n« 
To DESCRIBE (in Drawing, Fcrnnag, 
ftc.) to draw the form of a thing, to represent* 
DESCRIP'TION, as to its outward am 
pcaranccy rcfcmbles a definition, it is a fup^r- 
ficial, inaccurate definition of a thing, givisf 
a fort of knowledge thereof; from fome ac- 
cidents and circumfiances peculiar to it, whicli 
determine it enough to give an idea, which 
may diftinguiih it from other things, but 
without explaining its nature or cAence. 

DESCRIPTS/(with Betaaiek If^ntas) (tick 
plants as are defcribed. 

DESECRaHTION a nnhallowing, a pro*, 

A DE'SART (//f/rr/tfw, L.) a wildernefs, 

a large wild part of acountry> a fol.Ury, lone* 

fome place. 

DHS £RTLESS,without merit, undcferving. 

DESIC'CaTIVE Medianes, thofe that 

are of a drying quality. 

ADESICCATIVE (yflxh Fbxficf'aw) a 
drying plainer or ointment. 

To DESIRE (defidert, L.} to fink or All 

DESIDTOSB 7 (dtfidhfis, L. ) idkji 

DESIDaOUS i (lothfui, lafy> ituggilh. 

DESl'GN, refpeaing Arts and -5VrV«f<J,de^ 

ncte^ the thought, plan, geomeiiical repreien* 

tation, &€» 

DESIQN (in Painting) the firft draught or 
(ketch of apiAure; or in general is the thought, 
that tl^ artift had about any great piece $ . 
whether the ctntowi or outlines be only djawn^ 
or whether the piece has the Oiadows or the 
colours ; fo that if there appears m>ich fliili of 
judgment, jt is commoa to fay, the Otjiga 


D E 

. DESIGN pn TAhmig) if dfo vftd to fignl- 
ly the juft roeafarety the prop6rticfts an4 oot- 
ward farmt, which thofe obje6b oaght to 
luve> which are drawn in knitatioD of natufc^ 
and may be called' a jmfi imitatioa of nature, 
DESIGNATION, an apyointment, de- 
fignation, nonioation ; alfo the markioi the 
a£itmcnti and boundingii of an eftate* 

DESIPIENCB) with Pbjficians) the do- 
tafe or ravmg of a fick perfon. 

DESIP'IENT {de/fitm, L.) fooliih, 

DESIR'ABLEN£SS» worthioeft to be 
defied. , 

DESIRE {defir, F. deJidenum,^U) oneaO- 
Be6 of mind on account of the abfence of a- 
iiy thing, the prefent enjoyment of which 
woa!d afford pleafore and delight; longing, 
wi/hing ; alfo entreaty or requeft. 

DESI'ROUSNESS, eamettnefs, defire. 
DES PLATEN ESS, foliUrinefs, uncom- 
fbrtablenefi j alio a lying wafte. 

DES'OLATORY [de/o/Mtotiut, L.) mak- 
faig defolate, belonging to defolatlon^ com- 

DESPAIR (Jefpartth, L,' defifpoir. F.) 
the re flection of the mind upon the unattain- 
ablencfs of fome good, which is the caofe of 
different effe^ in the minds of men, Tome- 
times caufing pdn and oneafinefsj and fome- 
times, oncoBceroednefs. 

DESPAIR'INGNESS [deffaratio, L.) a 
heing without hopes. 

DES'PARATENESS <of dtfi^mre, L.) 
hopelefnefs) alfo daringnefs, funoufnefs. 

DESP'1S,ABLE {defficabUU, L.) the 
fame as t)ifpicab!g, 

DESPI'SABLENESS (of defpicere, V. to 
look down upon) deierrlngnefs to be defpifed. 
DESPONSATED {defponfatus, L.) affi. 
aneed, efpoufed, betrothed. 

A DESPOl'lCAL Government, a go- 
vernment when a prince having gained an 
abfolute power over his people, is no longer 
^guided or controlled by the laws of his 
country, but governs fok'y by his will and 

DESPCriCALNESS, arbitrarincfs. 
DES'POTISM, defpotick government. 
To DESPU'MATE (dcfpumatump L.) to 
Icoffl or clarify liquor. 

DESQITA'MATED (deffuamstui, L.) 
. fcaled, having the fcales uken off. 

DESSERT {deffhrte, F.) the laft couric at 
ftiblc i a fervice of fruits and fweetmeata. 
DEST ILLATION, an extraaion of the 
. jnoft undidus parts which are rarefied into 
vapour or fmoke, at it were by fire. 
DESTiNATED7 ( dijlinatnt^ L. d*fiinf, 
DESTINATE J F.) appointed, deter-, 
anfaied, ordained, condemned to. 

DESTINY (with Pagan Pkilefipttn) was 

• fccret or imrifible power or virtue, which 

\ with inoimpc^Bfibk wifilom conducts what 

l»0ia»kiiid appears lnegufar od fofUiitotts, 


whkh comet lUiich to the Uant, that tMtu 
it called G9d. 

DESTITUTENESS, a being ferftkea «r 
left without. 

DESTRUCTlBILaTY, a capaUcneftof 
being deftroyed. 

DESTRUCT'IVENESS, deftroyiag si- 
ture, &c» 

DESUfDATORY (defrdattnwm.h,] a« 
hot-houfe or bagnio. 

DESUETE {defuttnM, L.) out of vft. 
DESULTO'RES 7 perfons of agility of 
DESULTO'RII 5 body, who uicd to 
leap ftom one ^rfe to another, at the hode« 
racet in the Orcenfian games. 

DESUL'TORINESS, the fiuppiog fio« 
one thing to another. 

DESUVTURE {difuhura^ L.) a vaultiflg 
from one horfe to another. 

DETACHED Pieces (in Fonificatin) ut 
demi-lunes, horntworksor croWn- works, sod 
even buftions, when fepaiated aodatadiilsfice 
from the body of the place. 

DETER 'GENT {dttergeta, L.) wiping «ff, 
cleanfirig, fcowring. 

DETERGENTS (in PbyJUki) fock nwH. 
cines, which mundify, cleanfe and carry off 
vifcid and glutinous humours tbatadboeio 
the body. 

DETER'MINABLENESS, capabkneiiof 
being determined or decided. 


DETERMINA'TION (in Pkjfida) the 
difpofition or tendency of a body towai2i«Be 

DETERMINATION {with.?-i&/A»/^«) 
the a^ioo by whkh the caufe b lioiim or 
reilrained to aA, or not to ad, this ot that, 
or in this or that manner. 

Schoolmen) is fuch as pcoceeds from an fffident 
caufe, as when an artifl: determines an in* 
ftrument to a certain a€lion, or (am the 
Farvi, as that determines the indiffeieacy of 
the matter ; and thus our ienfes are faid t» 
be determinationt^ to have ideas opoa the pit' 
fence of external obje^s. 

Mbr*/ DETERMINATION, isonewhich 
proceeds firom a caufe which operates *ra/- 
ty, i. e. by commanding, perfuadiog, or o^ 
vifing fome effea, 

i'^fl/ DETERMINATION, ii « «2 
where God excites and applies a fecond esofc 
to wBt antecedently to-alltheoperatie^sofths 

ToDETERMlNE {deteminm, <d 4^ 
and terminus^ properly to fet or tf^ 
bounds) to judge or decide a marrer lo «ctT»- 
verfy or qveflion ; to put an ^nd to a ottttef i 
to incliw, to difpofe, to refolvei porpefe « 

DETER'SIVENESS, c!eanfing ^joalltr. 
jtafOH of DETINUE (in Um\ is wtao • 

nuux is (ued to deliver up hit tru*. 



DETJt ACTIVE, ape to ittrUt. 
DBTRACTIVENISS, detraatog qoaBty 

DlTRlkfENTAtNESS, prejodicialnefs. 

DETRIMENTOUS {^ttrtmunfn, L.) 
cwfiagdamaEeoriofs; bttitfol. 

DETRUNCATED {dttfuatatui^ L.) cot 
« chopped off; bebeided. 

DETURB ATION, a cafting or throwing 
down ftojn on high 5 alio a tronb^ing or dtf- 

DEVER'GENCE {iewrgtntia, L.) a de- 
'mtjtt^AtxXmtj, by which toy thing tends 
or dKiiaes downward. 

DEVEX' {Jtwaau, L.) hollow like a val- 
by l bowed diawn, bending. 

DEVEX'ION, defeadty, bendingneft or 
Aelviagnds. L. 

DiV£X>NIS$ {4Uvexiias, U) benfing- 
adi, ibelnng downwards. 

T« OE'VIATE (with GrammMrUns] k 
vbcB a word varks from the ienfe of its pri- 

i}|?IC£ 1 is isnderflood to fignify an 

KVISE I emblena, or a reprefentatioo 
af feme nsftoMl body, with a motto or fen- 
ttnce app'ied in a figurative lenie, to the ad- 
tsatygB of feme perlbn. 

OrVJOUbNESS of dtvius, L) fwerring. 
wt&^ spfnefi to go ODt of the way* 

DEVIRGINATED {devirginsttit, L.) de 

EVISCERATED (Avijcerttut, L.) im* 
kondlcd, having the bowels taken out. 

Tp DEVI'TIATE {devitiatitm, li.) to cor- 
nptormarr, to deflower. 

OEVOCA^TJON, a callirg down, /.. 

DEVOID' (of di and vui^U, F.) empty of. 

ToDE'VOLATE {devolanm, L.) to fly 
fwiy or down. 

DgVOLATlON, a devouring or confum- 

DEVOTED {devetus, h,) fet apart for 
hklf ofe k attach'd, ftroogly inclined to. 

DEVOTION {devotiw, F. d»v9fio, L.) 
I* Tbe ftate of being coafecrated or dedicated : 

3. piecy, aAa of religion : 3. an aft of eater* 

la van doth man the name of Joft expe^» 
U bii dlPMff>ia he to God negka. Dt»bami 

4. Prayer, cxprcffi^n of devotion. 

An aged holy man. 
That day and night faid his dfwtiott^ 
No other worldly bufineis did apply* 

Faiiy S^erft, b. i* 

5. The ftate of the mind under a ftrong feofe 
•' dcpeadance opo» God. 

Grateful to acknowledge whence his good 
Meads, thither with heart, and voice, add eyes 
ttreded in devotion^ to adore 
And wo flup God fupremc, i^ho made him 

chief ^ 

Of aUhU works. ''^*. 

Milt. Par. ttfi^h. vif, ). 514. 
DEVOTIONAL, pert^9ln| to devotion. 


miieved to worJhip, reUgiout. 

D£VOTIONALIST,amaiisealM wkA^ 
out knowledge, fuperftidoufly devout. 

DEVOUR'INGNESS (of devar4ni$, U) 
devooriag nature, &c* 

DEVOUt {dtv9tta, L.J i. Piousj icli<> 
gious, devoted to holy duties. 

We muft be conAant and Sivmamtbtmvr^ 
tbip of our God, and icady i»aU' afia oi te- 
nevolence to our neighbour* 

2. Filled with pious tbou^ts: 5. expitAvc 
of devotion or piety. 

Aaoo dry ground appears, and from hisaik 
The ancient fite defcends, with all his train g 
Then with uplifted hands, and tjtt dewut^ 
Grateful to hrav^n, 

Mi/r. Psr; lAf, b. ix. 1. gfif 

DEVOUTLY, pioufly with aideot devo- 
tion, religioaOy. 

Think, O my foul, devoutly thinly 

How, with affrighted eyes. 

Thou raw*ft the wide extended de^ 

In all its horrors life* 

Addif. Sfta, No. 490. 

DEVOUT^ESS, fotncfiiof devotipn. 

and a«mnM;, Gr.) a name that fchool divinci 
give to certain books of the (acred fcriptuitt 
that were added after the veil, as the book ttf 
Bfibcr. &c. 

DEW'Y , having dew on It, wet with dew. 

DEXTER, rii^t^ on the right hand or 
right 6de, L. 

DEX'TRA, the right hand« t. 

DIABOL'ICALNESS (of diaMtatt, L. 
diatolijui, F. of httCoMu'^, of 3* ACdKhm, Ct* 
to deilroy) deviliAi nature. 

Dl ABCTANUM (of iJi and fi^^n, Gr.) 
a platfhr made of herbs. 

DIACALAMIN'THES, a comp o un d me- 
dicine, whofe principal ingrudieut is Cala« 
mint, L. 

DIACALCITEOS (in Smrgry) a plaste 
applied after the am|»utarion of a cancer* , 

DIACAP'PARI3, a medicine wbafe prk. 
cipal ingredient is capers, L. 

DIACAPRE OIAS, a medkinc made eT 
goats dung, L» 

DI ACARTH AMUM, a medicinefo called^ 
one of whofe prindpal^ingredienu ia Cartha- 
mum, LZ 

DI ACA'RYON, a medicine made of ths 
juice of green walnuts and hooey, f«. 

DlACAS^IA, a medicine made of Ca/"- 

blACASTOntllUM, a nedicina made cf 
Caftor, L. 

DIACATHOL'ICOlf (of hm and nmkkt-^ 
xi(, Gr^ univerfal) an oiiiverfal medicine. 

DlACATaTHIA (in the OvU Law) a 
tenure or holding of lands by fec-ftrm. 

DIACHV'LUM, a kind of pUHIer madt 
of the muiilagesor pappy juice 0. ceitaia fhuta* 
feeds or roots. . C^ry 

Digitized by VjLJ^ fJIA 



VlACOmKOm i!ti 

^ PIAOC>yE{4iggi?P^L,flfl>g«iaO,Cr-^ 

DI ACOPE ' ^ik ^f^rgtm*, a dtaep ■ i I, 
c%HiaUfaKflu^aiiJbeii:«J ««ib a i»^ 


jbA af IMaCNOSIS 'Ju^^^iwwm. Gc. tok»»| 

cf * 


DLACOmUM, a BedSdne i 

DIACOSTUAI^ a aatiaae aafe wi Ocf - 

DIA%3LISIS (»ci^ivi#*i> Cr.) a icfoniipf , 

DI ACROX:CMA,a jiilirimwi[»*iinj 
Cv ftSfoop X" 

DIACAOM'MYON (of 1^ and «^- 
|Mnv, Gr.) a acdkine made of 

DIAClrMI^UM> a cu^pd i oa tt aud^ af 
casiuita^ ^> 

Or.) (acbmadidacs in »hkii foiaoei arc aa 

DIACVpCyKIUM (lh» tm «»lkm«r« Gr.) 
a cimifeffin i i made of the polf of qaiaccs and 
lupo commonly called marmabde, L. 

DlADAMASCI'NUMy a compolitkui of 
Aimafcenfy £• 

DI ADEIIATED (disdmaftu, L.) wcarins 
4 dudem^ mwn or uirbaat> 

DI ADOCHUS (»<a»<0«, Gr.) a prtcion* 
ftor.e Ifki; a beril. 

DlJE^E^SlSCmPrimhrYvzwowe) marlE'd 
wftb two tiulcs or poiou, zt ca c, i or ii, to 
fijpsify, that is « fcunded by ideJf, lad not 
joined to another (o at to make a dxpcboog; 
at tiira bf the poiaia oter the ^iadiftiiiguUIied 
from jfrrf. 

DIi£ltESIS (with Aaaimijk) u a ccm- 
^ming or eating out tJic vtS<h, &> that fome 
certain pairige^are m»)e by fomefliarj^ fretting 
matter, which natafalJy ihonld not haire been ; 
a!{b when fome real ones arc widened more 
than oidinary, fu that the bumoun ran oat 
which ought to be containrd in the veffclt. 

. DJiCTA (l^*T« ofhalaBcu, Or. to make 
afe 6f a certain oider of ftxxi) diet« food> a 
fatjcnlar war r^r manner of life, L. 

DIAGaLUnGA, a medkine made of 

DfACLAU'CION {hay^^Mimf, Cr.) a 
medfcioe /or the eyes oude of the herb CUu- 

DUCLyPHlCfi (>*4iyX.H^.«\ Cr.J the 

aad cbia 

tkir, a;«*cgJBS a^ X. 

DIAGNOSIS t«-ik Fijfdsm] a 
^ te« ar^iywac ca the afj^Bst i| 
I >^ *tayr ,qr a ft^ ay vhkk dbc 
^:jaa «c a 

i» tjirsef^jd. <«i«^ I- ar^a:;j 
fart i£e3betLz a. c^ dbe aJcaie tfSelf : 3. 
in "-^^ 

DlAaX>KAL \ r«nk 

«tfr:Vf««f; a fiar dcawoacrc^ 
aay fgare £ob as^ to acgje ; 
uaeL.acs caii^ the dbme«9 
ti«g.-.cai; arc ibBctUBes it ig- 
BiiAcs a pvtiralar p«raLckgn», 
or org i^-^Are,tba; haft ooeooa> 
warm ac^je a.'i^ Arjj^^m. ^^g;^ with the | t in « 
c^i para ieiograaa- 

DIAGONAL ZtMk^tmk^ttFlmmScmk. 
£er§e t& repc^JBat aay aomWra aad mcafmn 
vhatcivr, the para of which ape eqaal to 
one another) ihas gosaen anka ofe aC a 
fcaie, or take thedirrrafinai cf a piece of aa^ 
naac«. Eagnren ha«e a feak ORuSe Id amika 
a draaght of a forc^catiea on pfor, tf c. 

DI'AGHAM (in C^mmarj a fciKaaa or fi- 
gare made with liccs or circks, fm :he hipka% 
down an explanation or deaDonAralkm of i 
pvopofitica or ngomj. or propom I 

DlAGRAPH'ICE^(I^OC«^«% Gr.) the 
art (A painting or carricg en box, L* ^ 

DlAGRY-DnXM &a*a»«y, or tha p^t 
or root of fcammony picparea by boillag if ia 
a hollowed «|«iacc»or with thejoiceofa qaiace, 
or lemon, or pale roliES. 

DlAHYS'ckOPUM, a mcdkiae flude ap 

of h>'ir p. 

DiAl'RiS, a aMdidae male of the plant 
Iris. Xr. 

DIAL PLANES, aic plain boards, pixtca 
or forta.cs on which hour-lines arednwa for 
any iatitude, and are dUtingjiiAed ^ccmdias 
to the refpeA they bear to the honsoa of tha 
place where they am made, and axe, afrmdiiig 
to their pofidoa or fituatioay pamJIel, pcr<« 
peJodicular or oUiqoe. 

Prin^ary DIALS, ate either ^moafa/ diab 
or Tertical diab« 

Aia9n DIALS, fuch as (hew tl^hoorof 
the night, by the means of the light orihadow 
of Uie moon projected theiaoQ by an uniet- 

Mural DIALS, fnch as are placed aaiiaft 

Equim^ial DIAL, IS one defcrihed on tha 
equinoctial plaae, or a plane parallel to the 

Vertical DIAL, is one drawn 00 the plana 
of tf verticahcircie. 

Po/ar DiALy Is one defcribed en a plane 
pailbg ihiough.4« po^a of (he wQfl4 and the 

Digitized by VjOOQIC *** 


dlani «i£S pAits df the honM. 

DILEMfM A (with Pbyjkiami) a fj^ce be- 
tveen two feftrt • I** 

DI'ALLING (with MmH) it the nfing a 
cmpafi and long line to know which way the 
Jnd or jfcm of oar indioea, or where to fink 

DIALLINO Line 7 gradoated lines 

DIALLING Scales 5 placed' on rolera^ 
ITc to cs^edite the making of fun-dialt. 

Df ALAC^^A, a medicine made ^T Lacca 
cr OvB-lae. 

DULTHE^A (&«x5«£a, Gr.) anoi^ent, 
the chief ingredient of whi:h it JOihaa, 

DIALTSIS {^uikuais, <ir,) a 6gtire in 
UetDcick, when two pointi are placed hf 
Grmmmriaat over two voweJs in One word, 
which would otJierwife make a diphthong 3 
kit «« hy this character (••) pointed into two. 

DtAhfETER of a Column (in Arcbitee^ 
*^ h that taken juft above the bafes. 

DIAIIETER cf the fwtUing {in jlrcbi^ 
I tfArr) fa that takeA at the height of one 
third £-om the bafe. 

DfAlfETER of the Diminution {Artbi^ 
«Sbr») n chat taken iirom tlie top of the 

DIAMET'RICALLY {diametrifuement, 
f.tfhafUTfo^, Cr.)^rcB}y, 

WAMOSDladaataM, L, of i^afna^, Gr. 
St^aat, F.) the hardef^, moft IparkJing, 
aad BMft ▼aloahle of all prQcioas ftones. The 
podadf of a diamond con6(lsin three things. 
I. fti Jaitte or water, a. lu weight or big- 
B^ 3. Itahtfdnels. Th9 Grtat Mo^J of 
hdia lut a diamond that weighs 269 3-4ths 
caiiti, Talacd at if millJons, 713 thoufand^ 
Vfl pcnads, 14 Jhillings and 9 pence. 

Feca DIAMOND, is one cat in faces bcth 
*t lap aai bottom^ and whpfe table or priu' 
<^ pboe at the top is flat. 

I^ DIAMOND, is one that is ^utt? flat 
y^^ Mlh J ^t whofe upper part is cat in 
dlieif Ikffe Ckcs, nfuallj tnangles, the upper 
|tff cf which terminates in a point* 

A roagb DIAMOND, is one juft as it 
«n«»cs out of the mines that has not yet been 


A rait DIAMOND, is one which has a 
large fifwtfe £$ice at the top encompafled with 

Tem^ DIAMONDS (fo caUed of the 7n»- 
|li ifl Xarrs in France, where thfcy arc made) 
•ft a fiifft of faAitioas diamonds, of no great 
sifae» hut as'd much in the habits of the 
■Oors apofl the Aage, 

DIAMO'RON^ a coofe^oa madeof mul- 

Sa^ DIAMO'RUM (of hi and mornv, 
^ a mvlhcfry) a medicinai compofition made 
I if aniberry juice and fogar. 
I 'Omf^amd DJAMORUM (m Pharmacy) h 
\ ^sle of mniberry juice, fapa, vetjuice, myrrh 

PlAMOSCHVM, a aedicioal powder 

n^ofe chtef higredient is muiki 

iyyf[«f% wsXii and rvip/uia, Gr.jluting twa 
feed vo^ldb containing many feeds. 

Dt Aftr$VM, a medidnc made of anifeed^ 

DIANITOTM (Pharmacy) k kind of RoB, 
mad^ of the juice of gr^n walnuts and fugar 
bailed to the confiftence of honey. 

DIAOLIBA'NUM, a medicine made of t^ 
OUhanum, \ 

DIAPAL'MA, a kii^falve. t. 

DIAPAPA'V^, am^ine made of pop. 
pies. L. I 

DIAPAS'MA (ltowiCr/u«, of ai*»Ar*^i^ 
Gr.) a compo&tion of powdery with whida 
the ancients ns*d to dry their bodiiM from 
fweat at their coming out of the baths. 

DIAPE'DIASIS (with Aaatom.) a break* 
iilg of the hiood vefieb; a fweating or borfting 
out of the blood thro* the vdns^ which ia 
caofed by their thinnefs. 

DIAPEN'TE (hiirsm, /. e, of fiv^, Gr,) 
a phyfical eompofition made up of five in- 
gredients. Vise, myrih, gentian, birth- wort, 
iharings of tTory and bay berries j alfo the 
liquor called punch. 

Dl APENTE (m Mafick) the fecond of the 
concords ; the terms of which are as three to 
two, otherwife called a perfcft fifth, aoA 
makes up an o£lave with the DiateJTaroa, 

DiAPHANE'iTY 7 {d,apbanrtt,V^ 

DIAPHA'NOUSNESS 5 of ha^<mia^ 
Gr.) the property of a diaphanous body, /. *. 
one that is tranfparent like glafs ; the hu- 
mours of the eye j the lunica Cornea, 8cz* 
The pores of diaphanous bodies, are 16 ranged 
and difpoled, that the beams pf Jight can pa(a 
thro* them rrcc'y every way. 

piAPHOEN/lCON, an.efeauary whofe- 
chiefingredient is dates. Xr. 

DlAPHON'lCKS,(of hn^m, Gr.) « 
fcience that explains the properties of rpfraA- 
ed founds, as they pafs through different 

DIAPHONrA (with Khetor.) a figum 
when a word repeated is ufcd in a fignificatio* 
different from what it was at firfl. 

DIAPHORETICK {ha^fnnn;^^, C<-.> 
dicuiiiva, that difolves by fweat, €^c. 

to caofe fweat. 

DIAPHRAGM' (Hapbragnia, L. tof 
^M^ayfAM, of ha^rri, to indole. Or.) a 
fence or hedge fet between. 

one that ifTucs from the trunk of the Aorta, 
and goes from thence to the Dtaflranna, 

DIAPOMPHOXYGOS (of ^iand rfa-' 
fflXwf, Or. the recrement of brafs) an unguent 
of which that is an ingredient. 

DIAPRU'KUM, an eledoary made of 
damafk prunes, 6fc.' 

DlAPyt 'TICKS, medicines promoting 
the fuppuration of fwcilings, and caufing ihcm 


tttran ^odi nutter^ or ripeaiflg er brMkidg 
im» &€. 

DIAPHTHOOIA (>Mt^«/*> Or.) cor- 
ssftioo of any part* 

DIARRHO'DON (in PbsrmMn) a nine 
pven to ieteral compofilions wAcreia red 
taks >re an ingredient. 

DIASATY'I^ON, an ekaoary where- 
«r the chief ingredient is Satyrion cnr Rag- 

DIASEBESTEN (to Pbarmacy) an elec- 
tuary wherein Cd^ttitt the bafit. 

I)iAS£N'NA»a compo6tion nade of 

DIASPOLETlCUM» • mcdlciae made 
•T Cummin. 

DXASTEM' (in AfttUnt M»fick) a name 
g^ven to a fimple interval, in contraidi^iaii to 
m compound interval which they call a Sjfitm, 

DIASTOLE (with Rhet.) a figure, when 
between two words fome other word» and 
IbmetinDCi two words, are pot between tvro 
words of the^kjndf as Dii mea votm, Dii 
mulire Lyce, Horace, Dmc age^ due ad *9S,. 
Ikc» This figure is by the Latint called 

DlASTRENfMA (of Itor^^w^ Cr.) to 
tvrn afide) a diftortion or laxation . 

DiATA'SIS {oiliA-nnm, Gr. to flretch 
•ot) adiftenfionof any fort, particuiariy of a 
tab in cafe of a fradure. 

DIATERE'TICA (Itorif^nrtf, Cr.) the 
art of preferving health. 

DIATE'RESIS (of hati^Tiu Ox,) a good 
coof^itotioa of the booei , when they are apt 
to move eaiily and ftcoogly, fuch as the arms, 
bands, &c. 

DIATHA'MERON, a compound of dates. 

DIATO'NICK(of^a'and t^vO-, Gr.) as 
dSatonick rouftck, which fee. 

DIATUR'BITH, an eleauaryof Tarbith. 

DIAXYL' ALOES, a medicine made of the 
wood of aloes, L, 

piCA PIOUSNESS {dicatUai^ L.) talk- 
ativencfs; alfo buflbonery, drollery. 

DICHORiE'US(ftycpti^,Gr. i.r. com- 
pounded of two chorcus s) a foot in verfe, ei- 
ther Greek Or Latsny which confids of four 
fyl)al>)es. of which the iirft and third are 
long, and the fecond and fourth /hort, as 

DICHOrOMlST (^x^To/u/^, Cr.) one 
who divides a thing into two parts. 

DICiEOL'OGY {hnaaU^U, Gr.) a 
pleading one^s caufe, and advocating for. 

DICOTY'LEDON (with Sotaniffi) a term 
ttfcd of plants, which fpring with Itwo feed- 
leaves oppofite each other, as the generality 
^f plants have* 

DICTATION, a pronouncing or dilating 
of any thing to another man to be written by 

DICTATOR, a perfon who directs ano- 
ther what to writs, . 

DICTATOR (with the antitnt Jiarfintl 


a mtgiftrate ckdtffi in the gnat emcifqKiis 
of the ftate, whofe office Jkdd fix monthi, vA 
no longer, during which time he aded like 
an abiolute mooarcfa, fo that from his fea* 
tence there lay no appeal, not even in CalnsC. 
life and death. 

Application was never made to this nip- 
ftrate but in cafes that were difiknk and dsa- 
gerooSy when affairs could not well be oui« 
naged the ufual way. 

There were 24 axes borne befiHt ^ 8t* 
tator, whereas a conful had but ta. 

DICTATORSHIP {diffaturt, L) the 
office and dignity oCa di^tor. 

DICTAT'ORY {diaafriiu, L.) pertalnii| 
to a didlator , or dilating, 

DICTATRIX»' a (he-didatoc or inditer, 
&c. L. 

DICTYOIODES (of Imtvw, a art, ssi 
stl^*, ihape, Gr.) a mofde, &c, tai ferti 
refemblJng a net* 

DIDACTICALLY (of didaai^, ?,£- 
da^icus, L, of h^axriBH of )^Vi», Gfi 
to teach) inftru^lively. 

DIDYMOITO'KIA f^k^i/MiTwfaofMi- 
/4e<, twins, and rudm, Gr. to bring fortJi}s 
bearing twins. 

DE DIE IN DIEM, from day todajri L 

DIE'RESIS ()k«i^0Yc of h*iw, Gr.; the 
making two fyllsbles into one. 

DIERESIS (with^irixwaijaicFaratinof 
parts which are unnaturally joined tog^f 
and are an hindrance to a cuie. 

DIERESIS (with Anatomifis, kc)to»' 
furoption of the canals or Teirels of an aninu 
body, either by having fome.-paflagss ■»* 
that ihould not have been, or by the dilsiisi 
of the natural paflages beyond their oatsnl 
ftate,. by which the juices which fliooM U 
contained in them extrava(e or run over* 

DIES, a day. L. . 

DIETET'ICK, pertaining to a wiohr* 
prcfcribed diet. 

DIETICAL {of 'di^a, L. Immts, Cr.) 
appertaining to a prefcribed food, ofSBC* 
tnod of eating and drinking. 

DIF'FERENCE {with UgidAm) is sa 6r 
fentiai attribute, which belongs tt sr j^'^ 
which is not found in the Grwu, and a tw 
univerfal idea of that fpedes.. As tor cX' 
ample, hody and ffirit or fwi in haaianni- 
turc, art two fpodes of iubftance, whifflf 
their idea? do contain fomething more tbsoii 
in that fobftance ; for in a body is ft»«* *f^ 
penetrability and extenfioo, in a £8ul tf 'fiiP 
the power of cogiutinn, of thinking ^^ 
foning 5 and thence the difference of s M| 
is impenetrable extenfion, and the diffoeoa 
of a fpiijt is cogitation. 

DiyPERENTI A L of any ^oantity, h tte 
fluxion of that quantity. 

DIFFERENTIAL ^dMtity (in the *«*» 
Ge*>mttry) an infinitely fmall quaatity, or ftf» 
ticlc ot a qvantityj fo lixiall as to be iiM^ 

Digitized by 



MBfiuibk Uicnto, orkiithanaiitfficiuiUt 

DIFFERENTIAL MA«Jbf(t;Mf.)>^n^<^ 
If ^ercndof quantitiet, that h, of fiiMiiog « 
tfbcatial, or that infinitely fmaJl qoan^ty, 
vUch taken an infinite oiambcr of tittca it 
C^l to a given qaantitj. 

DIFFZRENTAL (in the doarine of U- 
»tritbmi) the dodrine of tan^nti. ■ 

ab^ is a method of differencing differential 
anatitiest a> the fign of a differential is the 
knar d, that of a differential cfdx,AM 44*, 
nii^iaStttnijMl of 4 4 », 4 4 4 X ot 4 % *g 

J DIFFERENTIAC (of the firft power 
m itptt) it-thac of an ordinary qoaatity« at 


J filfFSRENTlAL (of the feooad pow- 
e] if ta lofioitefimal or a differentitl quantity 
or the firfi degree, 9s44xor4x4x, or 

if DIFFERENTIAL (of the third power* 
GTr.J if an infiaifiefiflnal or a differential quan- 
tity of the Iccond power, 9B 4 4 4 *, Of 4 jt I, 

DIFTERENTNESS (of difmntU^ L.) 

DIF'FICULTNESS {iiffcuhe, F. of 4m. 
mkm, L,) hardoeft to be performed, trouble, 
a Cficalt ca(e, point or qoeftion. 

7« DIFFIDE (4tfi4trt, I,) to miilrttft, 
ta doabt, to defpair. 

DlFTipENTNESl {oi 4iffi4etuia, L.) dU^ 
tialt fiifeicioiifaeff* 

79 DiFnND' {dtfiuUre, Z.) to cut or 
ckaic aibnder* 

DIFFIVSION, a cleaving afonder. < 

DOTLU^ENCY {4tfiumtia, JL) a 4t>w. 
kg abiead, or divers ways* 

DlFFLU'ENT {4ifium, t.) ioofis and 
jody to &0 afooder* 

Dm\AJ*OV%{4ipmi^ L.) flowing fetdn^ 
ikwd or fiereral ways. 

r* DIFFUND' {4iffimdcrt^ h.\ to poor 
oat, m ftatter abroad : alfo to diffuie or fptcad 

MfFU'SEDNESS (of ^JqK ^0 ^^ 
hriag pored fi»rth. 
DPTirSg [digi,^^ L.) diffofive. 

DIFFUSION, a pouring out ) a fpnading 

DiFFUsioK (with Pbikfi^t) jt the dif- 

tjcsfiag the fubtu effiavia^t of bodiet into a 
wad of atmefph«rc faite round thqpn j as for 
iplpky the aagocticaJ parljckt are diffafcd 
[-iNiy where round about the earth in partt 
me to it. And the light is diffufed by 
rays of the fan, ilTuiog all rpiind from 
Ibt wonderful body or' firet 
T§ DIGEST' (with Sargtofit) to bring to 



y mCESTlBLENESS, eafinefs to be dU 

DICES^IVENESS (of 4igiJHvmi L.) 
^' iacvlty. 

piOESTIVES (in Pbyfich) arc fueh me. 
dicinct at caufe digeftion, by Atengthentng aad 
ia^cresfing thcf tone of the ftdmach. 

Dl'GITATED (in Botany) a term «pply*d 
to the leavct of jAantt which are either com- 
pofed of many fimpie lesves, fet together 
upon one fbot-ftalk, as in the Cray«r.yw7, 
Vetches, fifr. or elfis, when there are many 
deep gafhes or cufei in the leaf, as in thofe o£ 
Strawherries, Hop; Ac. 

To DIGITIZE* to point with the finger. 

DI'GITS (in Aritbmetick)) m any whote 
number under ten, as i, i, ^3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 
9, are called digits, L, 

DrGLYPH {Architeffure) akindofim* 
perfea triglyph, confole or tbe like, with on- 
iy two channels or engravings. 

DICNIFIEDNESS (oi4igMis, wottfay,aiid 
Jo, L. to make) dignity. 

DILATABLENESS^ capableneft of being 

DILATAT^aN (in Phji/lch\ a motion 
in the parts of a-b^iwbeieby it expands itieK 
to a greater bulk than ufual. . This. is. by 
foma confounded whh rarefi^iion, . whkh is 
erroneous in this« that rarefaction ia an ex. 
panfion of a body caofied by beat | wbe^e*. 
dilatation is effected by its own ebftldt *, 
when it hat been comprefiad hy a greater bulk 
than ufnal, 

DILATATOHIVM (with SMrgimii) an 
inftrument to open any part, as the Rioatb» 
woogih or Aiodament. JU 

DILIGBNTNESS {4iligeima, L,) gmt 
care, cartfiiliieft. : 

DILUENT! A (with Phyfieians) medlchies 
^<« good to dihile sjid thin the blood. • L. 

DlLU'TE (in Btmnick m-iten) fabdys 
4ilut4m^ more faintly* L. 

DILUTED {4ilutn^ L.) tempered with 
water, made thin, df c. 

DILUTE'NESS, fiOiitDefs, w^aknd^ 
Jhokem of CoUkru 

To DiMlNISH {4imimo, Lat.) u T« 
make kfs by ab&ifiion or deftraftion of any 
part : tbe oppofite toencreafe. 

That we call good whkh is apt to ctisA 
or hKreala pleafurr, or 4imiiiiA pain in «f» 

3. To impair, to leffen, to degrade. 

Impioofly they tbovght 

Thee to dumtiijb, and. fiom thee withdraw 

The number of thv worihappers. Mifm 

3. To V^kc 917 thing from that to which 4 

belongs t the ccntnry to add. 

Yon flkall not add unto the word which '• 
command you, neither fliall you dimimjk 
aoght from it. Dcm. iv. a. 

To DIMINISH. To grow left | to hi 

• Crete's ample fields Hmmifit to niir eye r 
Before the boreal Uafis the veffids fly. 

DIMINISHINQLY. In a oanna tend* 
ing CO viljfy, or leffe«, (^ ^ 

X Digitized by VjUpu^j^ 



.^niNUnON (with atu/ietsMs) ii wlien f teTbeiiW at dlTeKtiaii, for the Avtey pe* 

therq m m namber of wor«8^wh(ch »te to- '-''^"* - '- ' ' » 

make tones, and fe? enl ^nkk tnotiom in the 
%ace of a cadence ; fetend qsaven aed femi- 
pavers coneiponding to a crochet er mimm. 
DIMINUTION (with Rbetoricinns) it 
the aogmenting and exaggeratiilg what they 
are about to fay, by an exffefloo that feema 
t» weaken and diminHh itf 

DIONY'SIAS ()kMv«wc> Or.) a precious 
ftMe having ted fpots, accounted efficadoos 
Ibff pieventlng drankeimeis. 

DIONYSIONY'AtfPHAS (of ^woVia and 
fyf»^9 Or,) a certain herh>fuppofed to relift 

I DIKBTJ^LOUS Fi9wer (with Botanifi) 
Is that which has two Aower leaves, as In- 
thantett Nigbt-Aade. 

Dlk^'SAS, • ferpeat fo nanKd {Hieroj/v^ 
fUttih) was put to iigpuly an unfatiable dr- 

iire and greedinefs after anything; becaufe 
^tlltelatedA that its bite caoAith fueh a thirft, 
that i^dibg ia able to alUf it* 

DIPHEVGES rm Fharmacy) the fceria> 
lediBSdnc, or calx of mefted copper, gatheted 
in the Ibmace when the metal h ivn out. 

DIPYRE'NOUS f wkh »tsmift) which 
hn two feeds or kernels, es Siufintm, privet. I 

0IR£'FULNES8 of ifrVes, L. , and pil- 
nerre, Sd»,) dreadfiilnefs. I 

PIRE<NESS (of dirM$ and ttefpe. Son,) 

DIRECT' (in Opeicb) Dirt9 Vifim is 
l^hftt perftn^ied by dited rays : In contradif- 
Cin^km to vifioo by refraded or >efle6ied 

DIRECT Vifin, is the AiljeA of ^fiickh 
'whkh preiEiibes the kwi and niles thereof, 

DIRECT (in matters of C?flN»/m) is- utt- 
4^flood of the nrincjpal Ifaie lor & line of 
aicendaots and deTcendtnts, in contradiiliiie* 
ite to the eoUataral linew 

jtftgu pf DiREcnrioN.(«WA«iiV*ir) is 

llyit comprehended between dw lines or di- 
foaion of two ooofpiring gowers. 

DIRECTION (of the Us^f/hmt) Is that 
MMity wheieby the magnet alwayi prefents 
pofttff its fides towards one of the poles «f 
the world, and the oppefite fide to the other 
■Mggktticd DIRECTION, the tendency or 
mming of tike earth,, and. aa^oiegnetieal bo^ 
Ibodies to certidn peinta* ' • 

DlREQTlfESS (of ^rtOn, L«} firaitnefs 
of way. 

DIREQT'QR (whh Siif|^eMt}a hoUowitt- 
•ftrameikt ufed to guide the mdfion knile, 

DIRECT'ORY,^ « ibtt of regalatifln for 
rellgioits worihip drarn Jikp by. die efiembly 
of di^nes by order of the parliament In 1644. 
Thedeficn^f which was, that the minlAen 
might acit be wholly at a lofii in tbch devo- 
' tio«s, aftar the Cmmwi Frayer had been put 

This gave foiM feo^ hiAtay which wire 

fcribed no form of pnyer, nor of etemaf 
woHhi}), nor reqolied- the people to make any 
r^fponfes, but jimen, 

DIR'GE (probahly of <(^rilMr, Tent, to 
eemmand or pralfe) a i«ng of lafflentitiMit 
fang at funerals. 

ToDlSA'BLE (of dif, negat. and tfUvof 
kahiiit, L.) to render unable. 

ctalnefs, Qfr. 
DISAFFECT'EDNESS, difaffeaion. 


■ DISASnTROUSNESS (of d!r}Ji^rt, F.) «»• 
luckineA, unfbrtunatene6. 

To DISBARIC'(ie«^«0', F,^ todifett* 
bark, to come or bdng out of a mip. 

DISBUDDING of trees fwlth Genfaisr^ 
is the taking away the branches or fpf%s liut 
«te hewly put forth, that are UNplfeced, dfc* 
DISBUR'THENINO Frtit-trta, ia the 
taking oif the two great number of iesve» 
and firait, tlut thCkfe which remain amy grow 
the larger. 

DISCERNIBLE* that may be difcerned 
of pefceived* 
DISCERNING, an aa of the tOui, 
whereby it dtftingoilhet between ideas. 

DISCERN'MENT [difeernmmH^ F.) thr 
discerning faculty, diicretion, jodgmient. 

DISCERP'IBLENESS^capahleoda o» apt- 
neft to be pulled in pieces. 

DISCOI'DAL (of ii^irv L.) in dto ftm 
of a diik or qnoit. 

DISCOI^ES (with Sttmnps) a term nftd 
when the middle part of the iiower la eooi- 
ponndcd of fmall hollow fiowew, end the 
whole formed into a fort of flattifh knob^ • 
Kitle rififig in the middle^ like a dilboe or 

Juoit of the andents. Of thefe fone htvt 
owny feed, as Stti-^wtrt, ^rnm^, Bdf^ 
iifrffuik, fte. 

filSCOFDES (of a^'re^*, a quoit* loft 
sTM*, fiiape^ Gr.) an epkhet given to the 
chryftalline humour of the eye. 

ud<9mmetid^htiiM, L.) undelei vingneft* 

DISCOMPO'SEDNESS (of ^iK^mfrf/, F. 
of Mi, aeg. and fnfofius, L.) dlA|iilet of 

To DISCONCERT (dfcmetrtt, F.) fn 
difturb, to diforder, toputont of covntenancc^ 
to break the meafuits. 

DISCON'SOLATENSSS (of £t and <•«- 
fihtio, hf) htini without conibbtioo. 

DISCONTEHT'MENT (of dis nod emt* 
tenfemmttf F.)dtfcontentedaeU. 

DISCONTINUEDNESS (of £t and <w^ 
eimtati*^- L.) an Interrtiption or breaking oi& 
DISCONTINU'lTY, a difcontfamaace. 
DlSCONTiN'UOUS (of itfi ud c^afiraaai^ 



1.) Ml MOtinDed, paftod or left off in tbe 
mMt or elfewliere. 

DISCOKD'ANCY ^ diTagreeableneis 


DISCOVERABLE (of dtimvrir, F.) that 
wun be dHbovered. 

DISCOUNT (in rragUi) is the fetOni off 
wibitemeBC of what tbe inteveft comes to 
01 the tine when die money beoomes ducj 
4M conlidf ration of prefenc payneat* 

DISCOUR'SnrE, dUcorfife. M/i>Mr. 

ViSfCOUS Flawtr (with F/mit^i) it a com- 
foaad flower, faavinf a diik of flbictii 

A atktd DISCOUS Jhwr (with Flerifts) 
n that which hasadiik witho«t anyraySj 
asia tanfy> dTc 

jtRsJUie DISCOUS F/evMr (with F/o- 
ff|i) is that which has its diik encoapaffed 
wkh a layy as is in tho fon-flower* 

DISCREPANCY {difcn^MMtia, 1.} difii- 


DISCRETE Fr9^km (in Ariihwsttiei) is 
wfiin the r«rss or reafim between twp pairs 
•f aambeis is the fame, but there is not 
tile hmt Moportioo between ail the four 
•aasbeis $ thus ii tiie namber 6, S, -: ; 3, 4, 
kconfide«ei> tlie raitQ between the firft pair 
i and S9 is the {ame as tliat between } and a., 
aad tbcicfoe tliele nonbers are proportiooal} 
hat it is otiy difcretely or disjunAiy, for 6 is 
aot to ^ as 8 is to 3« i.e, the proportion is 
bokcn off between S and 3, and is not con- 
lisMi all alon^ as in the(e Mlowb{» whioh 
are eootioned proportionals, vi», 3, 6, 12, 14. 

DISCRETE ^MfUity, k fiich as is not 
jeatiiweid and joined together, as Nurnktr, 
wbefe parts being diftind cannot be united 
iaio one etmtimimm^ for in a eontinumm there 
«e BD aftnal detetminate parts before di?ifioi), 
bat tbcy are poientialiy infinite. 

DISCRIM'INABLE (of difcnmno, U) 
tbtt «af ba difcriniinated or difiinguifhed from 
tee other tbii«. 

OfSCRIITlNATENESS, diftngniihing- 
pefi^ difiodnelb* 

mSCVR^lVE \ {MJcurfmus, L.) ^ven 

DISCUR'SORY S to ramble op and down. 

DISCVS^IVENESS, diffolving or difperf- 
lag quality. . 

DISDAINFUL (of dU!ff>, F. aod piU, 
^4 icornfbl, &t, 

DISDAINTULNESS, icomfalne(«. 

DISEA'SEDNESS (of </«i-ii(/<;F. and 
Kfp, Sax») the having a dHcafe. 

ToDtSENCUM'BER (of 4ri and emm- 
itfsr F.) to free or aid fimn enounbrances. 

DISESPOU^ED (of ^'i and (^«r/?, £.} 
difchaiffid from eTaDttJalSt divorced. 

DISESTIMA^ON, diiailecm, d^frefpoct, 

To DISFUR'NISH (of dn and ftmnir^ 
F«) to nnfemifh. 

To DISCORDS (with Fanttr$) is to dif- 
caftor dsfaarie an inflammation or Avclling. 

IXSORACE'FUL, bria^g djftrace , fcsn- 
^Mms» i^iMchfoL 


pilnef-re, S«jr.) reptoach, dUhonooraUenefs* 

DISGUST'^L Mdipk, F.«idfnU)iin- 
reli(hable, caufingdiipleaJuia. 

DISHON'OURABLE {dtjk^mmmkk, F.) 
difparaging, diigracelbl. 

ble qoality. 

DISIDE'MONY 7 (htTihuimU, of Itc 

DlSIDi£MONY 5 Ite, to fcar» and 
Wfuf, a darmon or god) fuperflitioB, a woa« 
flipping God out of fear* 

DiSINCORiPORATE (rf diff aid iwetr^ 
porare, L.) to difimice or fcparata from bcfaic . 
one body or corporatiogi. 

DiSINGltN'UOUSNESS (of dtf «al if^- 
Muitat, L.) want of iogeonity, difllmiUatioa, 

from felf-intereOednais. 

DISJUNCTIVE {ditjnetifm L.) lb- 

DISK (with nmjk) h a body of floittt 
colleaed together^ and forming as it «cm a 
plain fnrfrce. 

DISLUCE {of dit and iUu) difaAo^ dif- 
pleafofc, Vt* 

DlS]:X>YgiLNES$ {dAysM/^ F.) an aft 
committed againft fidelity and law $ onfait^- 
fnlneb, prefidionfnefr} commonly nied with 
refped to one% fovereign prince % ftUe deal- 
ing» villany. 

DISMANT'LED (drnMUlf, F.) haviH 
the walls polled down. 

DISMAY', Utrtr, 
OKOt, fright. 

Orient the Eaft) torned from the £4^ • 

To DISMIS'S tf Caufi (in thaOMirr ofCUa^ 
dtry) bto put it quim out of theeour^ wtth- 
oot any further hearing. 

F.^difpleafiog behavioor, hfe. 

DISPASSIONATE (of ^i taHf^mmf, 
F.) free from paflioo. Biiliw. 

DISPATCHfFUI. {^nSdifickit F.) quck, 
making difpatch. 

DISPENSA'TION, by use MtuOf. U 
any fbitute tends 10 rdfarain fomt frtrtgtuivt 
incident to the pesibn of tlie Icing, as to tha 
right of pardoning, ^c. which are infepara* 
bJefirom the king j by a claole of aaa s^Uair 
he may diipeniie with it t was dtfaBnuiied by 
flat. jff.&M. 

DISPENSATION (of s Uw) k that 
which fisfpends the obh'ution of a law itfelf. 
and 18 SttioEt from the equity of it, and 
from die inequitable confirudioa of it } lor 
oquity is only the corredkm of a law, that it 
too general or oniverfiil. 

DISPER^OS (with Mtiatti/lt) is a term 
nied of plants which bear tnjro feeds after 
each flower, as Xu^a^ Mtddir, Faftiaa, a 
Far/miPf dec. 

DISPERS'EDNI(SB (i/fiMr/s, U) difper^ 

f ^ Digitized by V3OOQ IC 

D 1 

fitfn, teing in t dirperfed ftate. 

DISFE'RSION (U Oiofirich) the fwtit %f 
'difpfrfiM, 19 a point from which refra£lcd 
rayi begin to diTcrge, when thdr refraction 
•endcfs them divergent. • 

D1SPLANT1N0 Smp, an inftrument to 
'takfc tip planif with earth about them. 

piSPLEAS'ANT {depUiJant, F.} unplea- 
f«At, difpleafing. 

^ DISPLEAS'EDNESS [dipUiJtr, F.) af- 
fitmr, difcoarteiyy (hrewd turn; dHcontent, 
diflatisfactlon, anger. 

To DISPLO'DE (difpbdert, L.) to daf* 
charge with a loud noife, at a gnn» 

ToDlSPOlL'idi/ptlisn, L.) to rob, rifle 
or fpoll. 

DISPONDiC'US (in Grammer) the foot of 
a L^im verfe confining of four fjllabkti and 
tirafe all long, as coficbtde/tt<t ; it being a torn? 
pofition of two fpondeea* 

DISPORTING, fporting, diverting, play- 
ing. Mihon. 

• DISPOSITI'ON (in Rhttortek) is the dif- 
trlbtttion of things or arguments invited or 
firand out in their proper order. 

DISPOSSESSION (of ibpofide^, F. dU 
vidpojpdtre, L. ) a being put out of poflefiion. 

DISPROF/ITABLE (ofi/itnd pnfitaUt, 
F.) unprofitable. 

DI$P|t0P0R'Tl0NABL£'> (of i&, 


tut, L. and propttHtMtf, F. bearmg no pro- 
portion to, unequal. 



ptrtiotni/, F. and nefs^ Eng.} the being not 

DISPU'TA&LENESS, Mableneis to be 
difputed. • 

DISPUTATIOUS^ prone todifpute. 

To DISQUALIFY (of dit oeg. and ;«uiik'. 
JStr, F.) to render unqualified. 

DISQUI'ETNESS, nnqnietneri. 

DIS($ISITI0N, a particuJar imjuiryin- 
to the nature, kind and drcumftances of any 
problem, queftbn or topick. 

DISRANICED {oidis znirofig, ¥,) put 

• oot^f thefankt, difordertd. 

DISREGARD'FUL, negligent, beedlefs, 

-DISREP'UTABEE (of dh and nputatU, 
L.) not repuuble. 

ingne<», &c. 

J>JSSECTTON (with jinatmifsl the cnt- 

• ting up or anatomizing the bod.cs of animals. 


DISSB'PIMENT(with BotaniBs) a middle 
pnrdtton, whereby the cavity at the fryit is 
divided into forts, or cafes or boxes. 
. • DISSER'VICEABLENBSS. unfcrvkea- 
bcwfs, prejudice, injurioofaefs, &t/ • 
•^ LMSSH£V'ELLED {dccbfv(h',f.) hay* 

D I 

ing the hair hanging loofe about the flmtilderib 

DISSIMULABLE (diJlmulahUis, L.) that 
may be dillembled, 

DI SSIMUL A'T lO N (HfVr^^&'tf/^) 
was painted like a lady wearing a viaaid of two 
faces, in a long robe of a changeable colour, 
and in her right hand a magpye. 

DISSIhfULANCE {diJimuktHU, L.jaiT- 

capablenefs of being diflbl^. 

DISSOLUTION (in Pbyfeb) a difcoati. 
nuation or analyfis of the ftruAore of a mil* 
ed body ; whereby what was one and cond* 
guous is diTidcd into litde parts, either bono*- 
geneous or heterogeneous. 

DISSUA'SIVENESS (of difua/f, F.jdif- 
fuafive quality, efficacy^ &c. 

Point 9/ DISTANCE (in ProJptahe)ttt 
right line drawn from the eye to the priiKipil 

CMTtate DISTANCE {4frMimy)h the £(• 
Dance of the planet^s place from the fan, re- 
duced to the ecliptick. 

DISTANCE of the eft (in Pr9jpe9i9e\ u a 
linedrawnYrom the foot of the line of altito^ 
of the eyo to the pptint, where a line drswa 
at right angles to it, will intcrfed the objed. 

DIS'TANTNESS, diftance, a being dif- 
tant from. 

DISTASTFUL* (of dis, ta/li anifiB) 
difagreeable to the tafte, &c, 

DISTASTTULNESS, difagreeabkncft l» 
the tafte. 

DISTEM'PER, a rednefs. Miho». 

DISTEM/PEREDNESS (of dif^ tmfenth 
L. and ffWi) a being difeafed. 

ny. Their armorial en- 
fignsare axare, a fefs wavy 
argent between a fu n draw- 
ing up a cloud, diftilling 
drops of rain proper^ and a 
diftilbtory doqble armed cr 
with two worms and two 
bolt receivers argent^ the 
creft an helmet and torce, 
a barley garh wreathed about 
branch fruited all proper. The '"i^-*V ^ 
R^Un and an Indian in their k^PJ^*^*^ 
bits. The motto, Drtp as rain anddiJfH^^ atw. 

DISTINCT Notipn or Idea (•c«»^«J^ 
Mr. LeiSnitz) is when a pcrfon can cnu»e»« 
marks and charafters enough whereby to x^- 
colleft a thing. .^, ^ - ^j 

PISTINCT'NESS (of difin^^f ^' ^ 
w/s)the being diftincu . ,ft 

DISTRACTION (in SurgenS the » 
of pulling a fib e, membrance, »'• "2, a, 
its natural extent, aftd what is fo puiw " 
extended is faid to be diftraftcd, 

DISTRAINT, a fci»ure. . ..f. 

DISTRESS {difreJJ-e, F.) the act or 
training goods. • ^ .^ . a, fieM 

DISTRES'S (in l^) «!«**« *' rf 

The fuppotteni 

ized by 




tf apeiWfoodi. A iifr^s may ^ tt^tt 
uy when imrm-fiodam, except in a church* 
yai or high-way i bat then it muft be fome- 
thiiig» the property of which ii in fome per- 
kk or other, and thcreftre whatroever it of 
Ftr^'^mtiwr^r, i. ۥ wild by natoit, at Bucks, 
Cvaest DtgSg Ac canneC be diftrained j nor 
aay workiag toolt or uteafilt in trade, nor 
aay thai|^ which cannot be returned in at 
food condition at it wat ta]cen| nor any 
duBs affixed to the free-hold. 

A ^i/htfi nmft not be made in the night 
time cicept for damagt/eafant, 

Rm! distress, if made upon immo- 

Grtad DISTRESS, it a diftreii made upon 
a BiA*t whole eftate real and perional, or on 
iDtbegooda gnd chattlea of a man within 
the cotnty, 

Pufimal DISTRESS, it vpon moteable 

rimu DISTRESS, it that limited by law. 

^tfdn DISTRESS, ii without limitation. 

PISTRES'SEDNESS (probtWy of Sis, 
twice, uAfrringtn, L* to bind cbfe, fife.) be* 

To DISTRIBOTTE (in Twinting) it to take 
a ferm afistder, to feparate the lettert, and 
to difpo6 them in the cafet again, each in itt 

DiSTRIBimO (In JLbetmck) « figum, 
«hea itt pccollar property it applied to eveiy 
Mis at fobheiy to the handt } wantonneit 
totbecyet, &t. L, 

DISTRTBUO^ION (with Anbiuas) is 
difidi^ and difpenfing the feveral parts and 
fiecet, which compoft the planofthe building. 

Uamd DISTRIBUTIONS' 7 certab 

%Mdb'«tf DISTRIBUTIONS 5 fmall 
lumef money appointed bj the donors, fifr. 
tobedilfanboted to fuch ot the canons of a 
dapter at are a£hially prefent and affiAing at 
OBtpb obitt and officet. 

DBTRIBimVELY {<a( Ji/kikunve, I.) 
hj vay of diftributioa 

DlSTRICHfASlS Ctiffixfm^f Gr.) a 
detUc row of hairt on the eye-lids. 

mSTRUST'fULNESS, aptneft to be^- 

To DISTURB' (Sfiurbart, L.) to inter- 
npt, to hinder or let ; to crofs, trouble or 
yn, to diforder or put into confufion. 

DISTURBANCE {diflurSatio, L.) trou- 
ble, vexation) diforder, to malt, uproar. 

To DISVSL'OP (devtloftr, F.) to open, 
aawrap or unfold. 

DI' VAN (in the j^ahick lang. fignifiet an 
^sA or S0/a in the Ttirkijt dialed) it is 
■<ed not only £n a council chamber or court 
wherein juiUce is admioiAred to the eaAern 
mtxMii I but it ttfed alfo for a hall in private 
boafiet. The Cbintfe hate Divmns on purpofe 
fv ceremoniet, their cvAomt do not allow of 
tbe RceiTing of vifitt in the inner paitt of the 
bode butttly hi the entry* 

D I 

DIVAN B^gw (b PerJUs) one of the mi« 
niftert 6f ftate who it the eontroUer of juftice. 
There are Drv^n Beptis^ not only at court 
and in the capital, bat alfi> in the provincet, 
and other citiea hi the empfm. They are 
not confined by any other law or rule in the 
adminifcratioo of juftice bo| the Akaram, tod 
that too he interprets u he pleafes. He only 
takes cognisance of criminal cafet. 

DIVAPORAO^ION, an eraporatbg or 
exhaling. L, 

DI VER'SION (with Phfitisn) the torn., 
ing of the courfe or flax of humoort from one 
part to another by fnch appficatioot at ar» 

DIVERSION (b the an of^ar) it wheft 
an enemy it atucked in any one place where 
he it weak and unproirided, with defign to " 
make him call hit forcet frpm another place 
where the general it going to make an irmpthiiia 

DIVERTING, pleaiant, deKghtfol, a* 

DI VERT1NGNESS {qsMUt^difftrtiffaiHe^ 
jr.) diverting quality, 

DIVERT/ISEMENT (diwrtiffmmt, F.) 
diverfion, paftime, fport, pleafore. 

DIVES^T (of di priv. and vejiirt, t. t» 
clothe) to ftrfp off, to unclothe a perfoo, ^ 
deprive or take away dignity, office, df c. 

DIVI'DABLE, divifiblo, capable of bdof 

DIVIfDEND (m Uw Proceedings) a di- 
viding of feet and perquilitet between offioeri^ 
arifing by writs, &c, 

DIVIDEND (in Companies) it the Aare of 
a proprietor in the fo a of money to be divided 
among the proprktorv, a|i profit gained by, or 
interefk upon the ftock in proportion to hii 
part thereof. . 

DIVINATION {dtvinasio, L.) dvtnsuiim 
is a prediction or ioittelling of future things^ 
which are of a lecret and hidden nature, and 
cannot be known by any human meant. 

Ajli^is Pdrtrmtn, 

DIVINE [divimu, L.) i. Partaking of 
the nature of God. 

Her line 
Wat Hero-make, half human, half <6wrnt» 

1. proceeding from God | not natural \ not 

Inftructed, youM explore . 

Dit/imi contrivaoce, and a God adc^v. 

B/'^cksHoreU Qtiotion, 
3. Excellent \n a fopreme degree* 

The dhoinefiznA richeft mind. 
Both by art*t purchafe, and by natttrc*tdow«y 
That ever was from heav*n-to earth confin*d« 

4i P^fageful } ditining ; pre^ient. 
Yet oft his heart, divim of fomethmg il^ 
Mifgave him ; he the fiioltVing roeafuie fab* 
Milt, Par. LoJI. 

Dl VINETY {divintmestt^ F. divitism, L.) 
after a divhie manner* 


Digitized by 


T>IVIK£1I£SS {f^drrimtMi, t. Svhiu, 


Dins^BLEKESS S h.) a bdog «Ti6. 
Ue or capable of bcuig diviM into ietenU 
^tsy dlhar a^hiaUy oi- maatally } a paffive 
power or property in qoandty whereby it be- 
comes leparabie^ cither a^valiy or at laA 

DI VIS'ION (rf mpdi) tf vidct a quality 
into its degrees. PhiWephers as well at phy- 
£ciaiis fappofe 8 degrees in any qnality. Hence 
when a quality is faid to be In the 8th dcgrei^ 
h denotes that it<eannot be any Mktt inmndw 
€d or heightened* 

DIVISION (ia Mark. Afun) the tUid 
^art of a naval army or fleet, or el one of die 
iquadrons thereof onder a fencial oAcer* 

CMnmn DIVt«SOR. See Cssmm. 

J$^ DIVISOR {in Ariihmtfi€k and Cm. 
mitrjf) fuch number or quantity as will divide 
« given number or quantity^ ^ as to leave no 
tcmaiader i fo that if the number 6 be given, 
7, 2, and 3 wifi be the juft divi/brs of it. 

DIVORCE' (MvorHmui L.) k with ut of 
two Jclnds. 

X. The firftjsftiledZ>f«^M«ftfaA»/a?er 
share, in which cafe they are only feparated 
as to bed and boaxd, and the wife is allowed 
a maintenance oat of the eftate of her huifaand, 

X. The fecond is ftiled divmtum a wmcuIo 
matrimoMii/m which cafe the woman itctives 
her fortune back again^ and both parties aie 
let free from all eUigationt to one another. 

DIURET'ICALNESS, diuretick quality. 

DIURN'ALNBSS (of 4iiyrBaH L.) Uie 
happening daily. 

DIURN'AL Circle, U aa immoveable cir- 
c1e« in which any ftar or point ia the forfice 
in the mundane fpltete mova by a diurnal 

DIURNAaiS (in Uw) as much land at 
can be ploughed in a day hy an ok. 

DIITRN'ARY (in the GfttJk Empire) an 
officer who wrote down in a book for that 
puvpofe whatever the prince did, ordered and 
segulated, &e, every day. 

DO^ED 7 a mufical inftniment com- 

DOU'CET § monly called a dulcimer. 

DOCK 1 (bLtfwVametnsorex- 

DOCK'INO 5 pediene for «ut6ng off an 
«ftate in tail, in hnd or tenements j that 
the owner may be able to fell, give or be. 
queath them. 

DOCTIL'OQifOUS {dMkms, L.) 
qiesking learnedly. 

DOC»TORSBIF (of A^fltar, L. aod»of 
ie^^$0xA the ofi^ce or dignity of a doaor. 

DOCUMENT (in Law) a proof given of 
aay fed aflmed j butdiieily vWi rogwd to 
anci^t matters. 

TOCUMEN^^At, oforpertaii^gtoin- 
ffruCTion, fifr. 

DODECAGON (in Fi>rtifamiw] a place 
fcrtt&sd with t^Mlve bailies. 


>OM (<rf 

r-. Or. a jr\ 

^^' * I \ 

e fides, and I I 

at in the V 3 

MliM and >Wa, Oi 
corner ) in Gemttry^ 
ligure with twelve fid( 
as many angles at 
figure. _ 

, DOG (^^, Dut) a domeftick si^ouf, 
remarkably various in hb fpedesi comnrifini 
the maftiff, the fpanid, the boU-dog, tk 
greyhound, the houlhd, the terner, tbe 
our, with many othoi. The larger ibit 
art u(ed as a guard} the kftibrfports. 

DOGE (of the lepublicks of Vemani 
Gtina) a pcindpal magiftrate ; the office ii 
cte:tlvc,and at rkmiei is for Ufe, but at Gem 
rortwo yean only; hit children and botben 
areexcludodfrom the principal offioesof fbt^ 
and are not aIlow*d to recehre anjbeflcfioei 
from the court of Rome, except the csrdml. 
ihip, which is only a titular honour, not hi?* 
mg any juriiBiction annend it. 

He u not allowed to by down hhoficeiir 
hiseaie, and when he dies, the Aate does sot 

Sin mourning for him, and after hii.dath 
conduct is very ftrictly examiooi iiitab| 
three inquiliton and five correctors. 

He is chief of aU councils, and lifti fs 
Moe but to fi>reign embatfadofS| but when 
he comes uito the covncU, all the feoatomid 
nagiftntes rife In honour to him. 

The money of the repuMick is cnncd h 
hb name, but faeirs neither his effigk tor 
arms$ but with thofe of the repubUck. 

AU credehtials rua in his name, bat he 
does not ligB them I tUs bdog done by the 
fecretary of ftate. 

He receives amhafladors, who dfaed thdr 
difpatches to him j hut he ii not allowed ts 
open them but hi the pidoce of the ceanfeif 

And tho* indeed he was fomerhr bs nia- 
ner an ahfdute prince, yet now hii power hu 
been fo retietached, that he can iitde 
of himfel^ not even go out ofVmtt withosi 
the conconence of the fenate. 

DOG'GEDNBSS, chnrlifltfefi, crM 

DOG'GISH, crabbed, currift, larly, afr. 

DOGMAT'ICAL Mtdidm, the ndami 
method of practifing pbyikk, fiich u Bif- 
fccrata wd Oa/en uUA. And hence sU thofe 
phyficians, who upon the prtndpka of khod 
phikfophy rejeet all medicbal virtoei, which 
they think not reducible to mantftft ^oalitk^ 
are called dogmatUml pMciam, h* 

DOGMATTCI, thofe phjficiaos that em- 
firm their eiperience by xcafon. 

DOG'MES (of ItfvMA, Or.) ophiiODi. 

DO'LIMAN, along ietanoewom bjrths 
Turh, hanging down to the feet, with ntrrow 
fleevds buttoned at the wrift. 

pO/LOUR (Her, L.) pain, grief, ibnow, 
affliflion, torment, angaiA. 

DOLOS'ITY [dalpfiai, t) hidden a»»- 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 


MUAI'N^ Oieliilinitaace, dbrte, IttU* 

Mod or poOiAoa of any omt* 

D0ME^Da^B9$k» a book fnkmA and 
iS ffBaiirit in tlie eicheqaer, £dr and It* 
Cible{ k it a fanrcy of the feveial CMOtkt, 
llMini% ttthings, £^r, ^ Rt^lmtd, made in 
«Jbe tineof V^^^Matt^CMfwrvr^aboiit tiK year 
ioM»defi|ped as a rqiifter, \j which ientence 
ftey be givea aa t» the tenmct of eftatet, and 
idKifioa oiay be nade of that noted queilioo^ 
vhohcr ianda be ancient deaMfn er not. 

This book conliAa of two tolumst a greater 
and a lefler. The greater comprehends all 
tfte coanties of i^MTiSm^, eacept N^rt humh r^ 
kti, CWirf*r/ffwf, Wtfmmlnd^ DmrUm and 
pift ^Lmt*f»irfy which were never forveyed. 

The fcOr irolnme oootoint the furvcy of 

tftySMk, aad NmfiOu 
DOIf&TICIC NsvrgoiiM, k cosfting or 

6iliB| alo^g the ftora, in which the lead and 

eM&fift aie the chief inftrumentk 
D01IESIT1CKNE3S (of d$m^'ait, U 

imfifmt^ F») domeftick ^uatttj^ or pcrttin- 

iag CD t^ honSt or home. 
DoiODVKU^ a title of >m, fi> called 

en accooat of her office of attending or aiiift 

jBgk bfini^ the biide home to the bdde 

DOMinCAnnON 7 (with JShtbgm) 

DOnCIFyiNO 5 the dividing or dii^ 

titeiag the heavens hito n honle^ in or* 

dvtacioft ahorafcope. 

D0M1NA> a title gives to honoaiaUo, 

, who aacientlr held a Mony in their 

"VL$ Aat» ffhi. Dmiua^ a hidy, a 

•M light 


L.)niling» fo- 

DOMINSSJLINO^ kidly .behaviovt of 

DOMINICA i» JUws Ptimtrwm^JH 
palm* wanches i 


, ie cafled liom the palm-famndMs and 

I fbnmrly dSftrib«ted on that day, 

' I of onr leid*s ridteg to Jr- 

DOhnNVS^ thb wotd pit&eed to a man's 
mn% in old thnty nfoally denoted hha a 
deilfmaap and IbmetfaBCS a 
Ipief themaaoft £• 

DON I hithe aaciail ITr^/rj^, 

DAVN t a liver. 

0bN, DENY InaiitiBntfr^iidlofig. 

UN, DOM S aMtedacaftle. 

DONABU {fkaMih L.) that as| U 

DORIil^s mmUt-mm^ an heA. 

DOR'M AN WMm {jkthiMiin) a nfo- 
low SBSde to the roof of aa honft. 

DORmCiCi (Of DionK^ofrsVMylft 

DORinr € naiftr^whcicfiritaiMlf) 
tftnef AuffifidteoirtiiiiSp hangtagiaiid 





b|tCi(o«ff a|t. 


DOUOILB (in JUw) the dopUeata ^ lt> 
ters patents* 

DOUBLE PdSitn^ a fort of beih. 

DOUBLE /WntfcJ; having two fpriiigy. 

DOUBLES, theiame ai letfen patents* 

DOUBLE HmmnimlDisl, a dial hsvins 
a doable llyle» one to fliew dM hour oo the 
outwaid circle» and the other to ihew tht 
lame hi the ibereographick projections drawn 
on the fiune plane. 

DOUBT'ING, b the act of wlthhoIdh|( 
a full aflent from sny ptopofitioi^ on fufpicioft 
that we ^ not filly apprised of the merits 
thereof} or from oor not being able peremp- 
torily to decide between the reaibos for and 
sgaiaft it. 

DOUBTFULNESS {tXimtt, T.fia and 

^UBT'LESS ffiwt dtutt, T.J wfthoit 

DOUCFNE (in ArtUttatm) an omameat 
of the higlieft part of a coinire» or a mould<- 
ing cot in form of a wave^ half concave, and 
half convex, Fm 

DOVE, is sn es^Iem of fimplichy, !nao« 
ceoce^ pnitty/gDOdnefs, pesce and divine bve^ 
and reprefimts the Ho^ Ohoft. Having ao 
gall, itk the fymbol of a tme tad ftithial 
ChrttkfiB^ who k obliged tp forgive injuries, 
bear sdswfky patiently, and never to foffisr 
the fliB to go down opon hb aftgsr ^ hat 
to do good to thofe that defpilefilly nib him* 


DOW(MLE (ia L0m] havhig a light t» 
be, or eapable of betag eoiowtd. 

DOWRY SiU (amoM the Jim) the 
blidegioomat the tfais of ttitthi|e gave hia 
wSfb a dowry bllL 

DOWN, t ibft, woolly fnbfttAce, pcm^' 
Uagonthetopsofthiftki, ^r. 
DOWN'VrARD (Wne^jg^, S^x.) t^ 

Ts DOXOL'OOIZE (of aI{#», |)ory. And 
xImv, t» fiiv. Or,) to lay the hymn called 
GUrim Pdm^ fte. 

DOXOUOGY (AMhW#, L. dM^, F. 
of MX9^, of h^ gkiry^ Md.A«W t* 
Iby, Or.) a vtife or ftort hymn of pnlib, ip* 
pointed anciently hi the ehnrch to be Isid 
after the '^yers aadplbhn hi divine iiervks» 
ss the Oheid p4hf, wt. AUb the condnfion 
of the Ltrd's Prtyir, via. Ptr tbm it ihi 
kingtUm, Ai pifWf 4ud tbr^^ ftTr. ThaCr/#« 
TM PstriktuA mhave been conuofsd if thft 
fbft cootttil of Mm*, hi acknowMimsatof 
the Trimtjt In oppofitlon C» thehcrefUsof 
thofe times, and thit St. 7m« added, \^i«(* 
«nir h thi itghaii^, fte. 

A DRABa.BR (ia a 51^1 d (mdl ftn fee 
en the bonnet as the ^eanet it on the coorfi^ 
and ooly ufed when the couHc and boaoe^ m 
•ot deep enough to clothe the maft 

DRACONTTES (l^aawiWf, Or.1 a pre* 
dooi flone, faM tO bt Ukt& M «f the brsia 

' Digitized by GoOgl^A* 

D R ^ 

"DRACONTICK M^h (witb A/ltm.) 
fbt fpAoe of thne in which th^ moon going 
from her afcending node caJled Ctfmt dran- 
mit, u *• the dngon*t hearf^ returoi to the 

DRA'OOMAN (p:i1^A CUId,) an 
Sotcrpreter in the eaitem countries^ whofe 
•ffice ia to fadU|^te commerce betmrcea the 
OrimtaU and Oceidentdlu 

DRAG'Ol^f (t^lwca, S^x.) a kind of fer- 
vent that with age gsowt to a monfcroui big- 

DRAGON Wort, the herb Serpentary, or 

DRA'MA (^^«/M» Of ^ P^7f «itl>^ <^ 
medy or tragedy, is a compofition either in profe 
•r yerfe, that confifu not in the bare recita- 
tion, but in the actual reprefentation of an 
action. Our DranuCt are Tfgt^i^ Comedies 
and FtfrrM; for thofe grotefque entertainments 
vhich have been lately introduced and broaght 
upon the ftage, fcaroe deferre the name of 
Drama' % or dramatick poetry < 

DRATERS, were in- 
corporated anno 143S, in 
the reign of King Henry 
VI» Their armorial en- 
figns are 3 clouds radiated 
froptr, 'each adorned with 
a treble crpwn Or, The 
creft on a helmet acd torce 
a ram^ lodgM as the fe* 
cond attire^. The fupporten % Uoos as the 
' laft pdttttit. The motto. To God owiy be 
Hottoat and Glory. Their hall ia .in ^irock^ 
wmrtoa * ifrvcf • 

DRASTICIC (of »;ifr»e', Or. aaire, 
hriik) a purge that operates quickly and brUkiy, 

DRAUGHT (in Trade} the overplus or 
deficiency of the turn of a pair of fcale^ to 
the advantage or diiadvantage of buyer or 

DRAW 9OY (with JTeaven^ a lad who 
' pulls up the ieaihes of a weaver*s looia^ which 
makes the raifed figures in filk to ftuff. 

DREAD'FUL (*bnK^pill» Sax.) caufing 

DRSAMTOOKBSS^ flothfulne&« tdiog 
at if in a dream* 

DREAR (bjiyfi!^. Sax.) dreary. . 

DREER'IKESS (»|iy]>isner]-e> Sax.)^, 

DREG'GINESS fbiteyrenej-re. Sax.) full 
«f dregs. 

DREK'GAGE (hi Law] the tenure by 
which Drenges held their lands. 

DRIFT (with Minna) a channel or paf- 
6ge, cut out of one part of the mioej to lead 
to or from another^ thereby to carry on the 
whole more cftectuslly by proper 'ccmmuni- 
Mtions fi>r air, to draw water, ore> fod» fitTc. 

Toffta DRIFT, a boat is faid fo to do, 
when it is carried by the fireamj and iM^no 
kdy in it tb row or ftear it. . 

DRIPS Twith ^ir/Ai^i}^a ibrt of if eps 4>ii 

^X jfiitJk to walk npon, the roor is W ^■ifii 
flat, but a little raifed in the middle, «i4 
thofe fteps or drfps lie each a little ladiniAf 
to the horizon, a way of building much ufed 
in Italy. 

DROVDENNE (*»}\oj:benae, 5tfx.) a 
thicket of wood in a valley, a grove or woody 
place, where cattle were kept. 

DROM'EDARY (dromidaire, F. dromeja, 
L. tfofjukt of ^fi/AM, Gr. to tim) a beaft re* 
fembliog a camel, but (mailer and flfeodercr, 
having 2 bunches on its back, which iiipp^ 
the place of a faddle. They are £ud to be 
able to endure a great deal of fatigue, and fi> 
fwift as to travel 100 miles a dav, they have 
no fore-teeth nor hoof | but their feet an 
covered with a thick, fiefty ikin. 

DRONE, a muical infbumcnt, calkd alia 
a baflToon. • 

DROPS (In ArcbiteSurt) are an ornament 
in th| pillars of the Doridi order nndeneath 
the tnglyphs, reprefenting drops or littlt 

DROP»SICALNESS (of BvJro^icm, L. 
bydrofajue, F. «f v^owtiut, Ct.) having a 

DROUQHTTNESS (of bjiu^p'^r and 
nc|7<. Sax A thirftioefs. 

DROUTH (&|iu;(o'S» SaM.) thirik 

To DROWSE (drttfen, Dutch) to maki 
heavy with deep. 

There gentle fieep 
Firft fi>und me, and with Cofi oppreffioa Sot*i 
My drowJedftaCca iiacontroll*d. 


To DROWSE, z. To fluflaber ; to g^oir 
heavy with fleep. 

All their Ihapc 
Spangled with eyeif more aumerooa thia 

Of Argus^ and more wakeful than to imoje, 
CharmM with A^caSan pipe, the pafbral reed 
Of Htrmtt, or his o^te rod* 

a* To look heavy } not chearful. 

DROWSILY, nepiflily, heavilj; iluggift- 
Vl» i<lly> flothfiaUy, laaily. 

DRpWSfKESS. I. Slee^&s heari: 
neCi with fieep { difpofitioo to fleep. 

In deep of night, when dtowSmfM 
Hath locked up mortal fenfe, theafifla^l 
To the celeftial Syren\ harmony. 

Par. Rtga>ad» 
1. Idlenefs, indolence, inactivity. 

DROWSY, fieepy,. heavv v^th fleep; 
lethargick, lulling, fkufid, dolL 

DRUIDS {derip, oaks, and M mcaoti; 
tk>n) the priefts and philofophen of the an« 
cjent %/»« . '* 

DRUM o/tbe Ear[dnatmf) a .membnflf 
of the cavity Of the ear. 

DRUNK (*^uiioe^^.)fiiddled«iBtttd« 
cated with drink^. ^ 
DRUKK'AIU>,(t>n^co|u» ofbjilocao>aol 


im/ tttuie, or of ^jiaoceDjeofiDy Sax,) • 
rfriokcr to ezceft* 

To DRUNK'EN (\9)luiK]uan« Sax,) to 
iriok CDcaredt. 

DRUNK'ENNBSS (of bAananyrre, 
Sue,) cxccfivo drinking. 

Dmkta^fs, phyficalJy coofideredy confiftt 
b t pRteroatural compreffiDn of the brsuni 
ad 1 dUcompofure of its fibret> occafioned by 
tibe fumes or fpirituous pwrtt cf liauors. 

DRUNKENNESS (by Naturalijit) it thos 
■oooanted for. An immodttate quantity of 
«ioc beiDg xtceifed into tiia ilomach, being 
thot teated^ ondergoes a kind of dffierve- 
katot\ more or leii u the liquor abooada 
mn or lefi with a fulphar. ]fty this action 
at&rvefcence irbecomesattenDatedaud rare- 
fied, fa that the grofler parts being left behind, 
Ihefiaer are fitted to penetrate and ihoet thro* 
tke ^ns to the brain^ or are conveyed thro* 
tk fdos to the heart $ whence after a fur- 
ther bat and rarefbaion they are fent thro* 
^ caiodd arteries, Off. to the brain. Hence 
fltteflazily irifes a repletion of the noeninges 
of die bnhis ^^ ^ conpieflion of the fibres 
of the brain itfelf, from the freih ftock of 
nsficd fnlphoTy contioually exploded faito 
them : Hence alfo an obftroctioo of the pores 
io4 psliages of the brain ; a frequent and 
^imriy poUatioa of the fibres and other 

DRY Bodies (with Pbihfiphirs) ar^ fach 
wbofe poiei contained between then: confiimed 
fam «e not filled with any vifible liqoor. 

DRY Rat (m Law) a rent reierved with- 
«t chafe of diftcefs. 

DRY'NESS (of ^juggeneire* Sax. or of 
aN$^^ D«.j want of moiflcttre. 

OUAL/lTY {fiidMHtat, L.) • being 


DITBITABLE [JMhiUhiUs, U) doubtful. 
DOfBIOUSN^ (of Miat, L.) doubtful. 

DUCAL Omrefj has only 
flowers railed above the Gircle> 
whkh none of an bifbrior rank 
can hnvOf nor may they mix 
flowers with the crolfes, which 
•^ belongs to the prince. See the figure. 

DUCIC7NG «f tbi Mmn Tard (with Sai- 
'n) ii when at fea a male&ctor havkg a rope 
jdteasd under hit arms about his wafte, and 
andcr hii breech, is hdifted op xo the end of 
(he jiaid, and let fall from thence violently 
two or thfoe times into the fea. 

J>n DUCKJNGy is a paoifhnient by hang- 
lac tie offender by a cord a few yaidi above 
tk iwfiwe cf the water, and pobliihing the 
^siftmcot by the d^feharge of a cannon. 

DUCKING (at Marfiiffes and B<mr$>i m 
^aaa) a poniihment infBcted on vagrants 
^ aieooodcmn*d to the Ca/#, (as they call 
|[) -which is to be fhq^ up in an iron cage, 
Btncdtoth^yaid of » chaloup and duck*d 


is infli^ed on persons guilty of blalphemy. In 
England DueAitu is a puniihment .that tho - 
mob infljfts on pick-pockets. 

DUCKING STOOL, a fort of wooden or 
iron chair hung over a river or feme -watery 
place, in wiiich fcoldmg women were wont 
to be fisilened and let down into the water. 

DUCTABIL'ITY {^duBakiUtoi, L.) eafi- 
nefs of being drawn out. 

DUCriLNESS {olduai/is, L.)doaiUty, 
eafinefs to be drawn oofia length. 

J>U'ELLI$T$ (according to Mr. SoyU) 
the two principles of thofe chymical philoib- 
phen, who pretend to explicate all the phae* 
nomena in nature, from the do&rine of alkali 
and sad. 

DUET :in Mufick) a foog or ak compos'd 
for two voices. 

DUKE, feveral countries and towns in 
England give titles to dukes, the* oftcntimea 
it happens, that but a ^ali part of their ef. 
tate lies in that county, &t, 

DUKES {duces, L. of tbcendtf, leading) 
are to caJled of being leaders of armies, anA 
generals to kings and emperor^ and anciently 
eojoy*d the title no longer than they had th« 
.command & but in procefs of time gttat eftatea 
were annexed to the titles, and fo the dignity . 
became herediury. But this was earlier id . 
other natioiis than in England, And the . 
firft duke ctsitcd in England was Edward 
called the Black Prince, who was eldeft foa 
to king Edward III. and was created duk« 
of Cornwai, which gives the tide of prince 
of MW«r« The manner of cieating a duke 
is as follows. 

He havijig his hood and furcoat on', is kd 
betwixt a duke and a miirquUs, going before 
with his fword, 9Ad before him, one with 
the robe and mantle on hit arms | the mantle 
is of crifflfon velvet, guarded about die fhonl* 
ders with 4 guards of ermbe. 

On the right hand an earl beanthe tap of 
fiate, of the fame as the mantle aad doable • 
ermine } but not indented as thofe of the • 
royal blood are. The cap within e coronet 
of gold adorned with leaves without pearls« 
On the left hand another bears a rod or vetfe* • 

All the faid peers are to be in their robci^ 
and thus they conduft him into the prefence* 
chamber, where having made obeifiince three 
times to the kiyg fitting in his clialr, the 
perfoo to be invefied kneels down. 

Then Gartir king at arms delivers the ' 
patent to the king, who returns it to be rmA 
aloud, and when he comes to the ward jSk 
vefiimns, the klqg pots the ducal mantle upoa 
him that is to be made a duke, and 'at the 
word I Gladio cinEhn^amus girds on his fword $ •- 
at the wordf :Ctf/»^« & circuU aurei impofitio-^ 
aim the king Ukewife puts on his head the 
cap aod coronet of gold j and at thefe words, 
WfVjrjr aurede traditioaem, gif«| the rod or verge 
of gold int^ his hand* 

i Digitized by CaOOgliW 

D U 

Then the reil of the ikU charter bebig read, 
wherein he U detlared dukt^ the king pf^ him 
the fail charter or patent to be kept. 

A ditkt may have in all placet ont of the 
king or prince*aprefence a doth of eftate hang- 
ing down within half a yard of 'the ground^ 
at may hit datcheft, who may aUb have her 
train borne by a baronefr \ and no earl vrithout 
perteiifion from him it to wafli with ziuke. 

The eldeft foot of duka are by the courtelj 
of Sfgiand ftiUd marquife^, and their yoonger 
font lords, with the additioa of their chriftian 
nirtiet; a« lord Tbtmat, lord 7»^»i and take 
place of Tifcottots; but not fo prinledged by 
the lawt of the land. 

A Duit iiat the title of grace, and being 
writ unto it ftiled, mafl bigb, pctt»t, and 

Dukis of the blood royal are ftiled ai^ blgb^ 
mo/t migbty and itlufirious princu, 

DUKEDUK.E, agrandceof the houfe of 
Sykfttf who has that title on account of hit 
having feveral dukedomt. 

DULClTLUOUS (<iiriSrf/9»M, L.) flowing 

DULCIMER, axnnficalinftrnmentfome- 
thing like a harpficord ; but that wherets in 
making t^e firings of the latter found by puih- 
iog down the keyt, &e, the ftrings of rhe for- 
mer are fbnck with fmall iron or braft 

DULXrOROU^ (of ^AOr/i, L.} fWeet in 

DUI/NESS (of dwl, Brit, a biodchead, 
^o!e, ^tfx.) heavineft, /laggiihneis. 

DITM AL {d$tmalis, L.) pertaining to briart, 

DUMB'NBSS fwmbnyffe, Ssx) % want 
of the afe of fpeech. 

DUMUSITV {dumtfitat, L.) fubidt of 
briars, &c» 

DUN 7 (buna, Stx,) a mountain or high 

DON 3 open place ^ fo that the namet 
of thofe townt that end in duu or dtm were 
ttther.built on hillt or open placet, Mjtjbdw, 

DON'AfOW, there was an antient cnflom 
in the priory, that if any perfbn from «ny part 
QfEmgUoid would come thither, and humbly 
kneel at the church door before the conyent, 
and fokmnly take the enfuing oath, he might 
demand a flitch or gammon of bacon, which 
ihouU be fireely given him. « 
1 M fiaUfvtar by tbe cufiam of your comfsffiM 
7bstyom ntvtr madt any mt^ial tranfgr^pon, 
Sinetyom wtr* wtarried tmmn a^d wife, 
^fhtufM brswh or m comtmwuiftnft | 
Orotbtnoift, in bed or at boa^d, 
Ofemdtd$Mb otber indeed or in nord^ 
ihrfimx tboparijb elerk /aid amen, 
H^i/b*dyonrfehei unmarried again i 
Or in a noehftmentb and a day. 
Repented mt in tbengbt a^y-^ay | 
But contitaad true and in Oefire, 
Ai mbenyon joined bands in My part. 


tftotbefetondiiient, wtb^ut aH/Htf^ 

Of your own accord you win freeiyfioUff . 

yl gammon of bacon yon fiall receive. 

And bear it hence wiib love and good leave | 

For ibis it our afiom at Dunnsow weliknown^ 

Tbottgb tbefpwt be our* s^ tbe bacon* t your own^ 

DUN'SICAL, block*headed, doll, ftnpid* 

DUN'NINESS, hanfaieft of hearing. 

DUN'SETS (Old Roc.) thofe who dwell on 
Ifilh or mnuntalns. 

DU'O (in Mitfiek Beokt) a fongor compofi. 
t!on to be performed in two pant only^ the 
one fang and the other played on an iniftr«« 
ment ; or by two voicet alone. 

To DUPE one (of dufer, F.) a bobble, to 
cheat, to g«U, to impole upon, to put vpod« 

DUPLE Ratio (in Mdtbem,) is where t&« 
anteeedent term b double the confeqoent, or 
where the exponent of the iratio it i: thni 
6 : 3 is in a duple Ratio m 

Sub DUPLE Ratio, is where the oonfe- 
qoent term St double tbe antecedent, or thtt 
exponent of the ratio it one halTj thot 3 i $ 
it in a fob duple Ratio, 
• DUPLICATE Proportion'^ (in Aritbme^ 

DUPLICATE Ratio f r/cA)oojhttD 

be well diiHoguilhed from double. In a IcriJea 
of geometrical proportions ; the firft term to' 
the third isfaid to be in a duplicate ratio of th« 
firft t6 fecond ; or at itt fquareit to ^ Iqoait 
df the fecond : that in the 2, 4, S, x6, the 
ratio of & to 8 k duplicate ^ diat » to 4 } 
or at the figure of 2 to theTquareof 4, where* 
fore daplicate ratio it the proportion ot fquaret^ 
at trtplicate it of cubet ) and the ritio of 2 to 
8 it laid to be compounded of that 2 to 4, and 
of 4 to 8. 

DUPLICATION (hi Arithmetitk} the 
molctplying by 2. 

DUPLICATION, a doubling, the Ibldfa^ 
gf any thing back on itielf. 

DfU^PLICATURS (d^itatnra, L.) a 

DUOIABLENBSS, laftingneit. 

DUR A iMvMr (b Anatomy) a ftrongthhl 
membrane which liet or covert all the mncr 
cavity of the Cranium^ and indodet tbe whole 
brain, being itfelfUned on itt inner or con* 
cave fide> with the Fia mater, or JUaninx 

DURABIL'ITY (of dnrabilit, L.) dure- 
b>eneij^ laftingneit, 

DURA'TION, an idea that we get bj ne* 
tending to the fleeting, and perpetentiypeiiA* 
ing parts of fqcceflion, JU 

DURATION fm Fitlofipby) k tuo-lbld, 
imagiiury or real. 

Jmagina^ DURATION, It that which h 
only h^med by tbe working of fisncy, when 
there b not any fuch thii^ in nature, as when 
the Ramanips imagbe- iliat the continuanoe 
of fome in pdigamt^ b loflg^aad that ff 

Digitized by V3OOQ ll »W 

D Y 

Mmi DURATION, is alfo £ftiagiii(hed 
lato dtrinlical perinanent, &c, 

iSMtrinfitai DURATION, is th^ making 
i compazUba between dqinyj|n and Ibflnethiog 
dfe, makiag that thing t^e the meafure of 
it So time is divided into years months and 
aai days, this is called dufaci«D, though 

?««M DURATION, (in MttaplyJScks) 
k'hA, the parts of whofe^cnce are not m 
ni, as etdiiity* 

Sateefive DURATION, is t daration the 
puts ofwhoie edeace axe in a continnal flux. 

T$k in DURESS (in l^tfw) b to be UJega!- 

If detafaied pfifoocr, in the Jiaads of a bailiff 

tr fa]**Bt, and threatoed with or hardly 

ifcd } in which cafe, whatever contraas he 

ftali mahe are roid in law, upon his pleading 

IttWB feseed to do ib ibr iear, or to free him 

fnm \m illegal iinpiifottmeiit* 

\ T«4ffMDUR£S5» iswhen tho* legaUy 

> hn p riiin e d, to dye by reafon of illegal, hard 

I and oidafage of thejailor, foff which the 

jribrvpott proof ia to faffer death. 

DUSTINESS (>soji«inef/e. Sax.') the 
— di ti o n of a thing covered or ibiled vrltk or 
Wlifhy C^ttjltls, Sm.) coveted orfbulded 

^Wkdeft, arc. 

DI^TCH, the Dstfe^ are thus Atyiised. 
r. They rob God of his hoiio«r« 
u The king of hisdoe. 

3. Hiefifhol their qturters. 

4. And bom '1^ the earth before the day of 

The groond-of thefe are 
I. Becaafe they tolerate all religions, 
ft. Becaofe they itvolted from the king of 

^ain, when he was about to let up an 

mqaUitfoo among them. 
3. Secanie they have talxn in part of the 

fea la making their towns, by ftrong 

benks^ niles, Sfr, 
40 Becaofe they bom nmch toif, peet, 

DUTCH'ESS l^bebiji, F.) the wife of a 

DUTEOUS, dudfifl. MiltoM. 

DUUl^VIRJ MmutifaUi, (among the 
j*< »0 weiv the iame magiftrates in free 
*■**, that the confub were in Rmm j who 
*«• iwora to ferve the dty faithfnlly, and 
vnt allowed to wctf the lobe called Fr^* 

DUUIC'VIRI Nmfdn (among the Jt#- 
•■■) were the magillntes appobted to take 
Bn of tfadr fleet | to flt out ihlps and piy 
< ^ftBor a, L. 

-OUUirvI&I C^War (among the Ro* 
■Ml wcse je Jg as in criminal cauies ; but it 
^i bwlU t» ttpnl from them to the peo« 
|fe.t. ^^ 

DYE (U JtrAiuavt) is the middle of the 
FMbl^ «c d«C past which ilea between the 

E A 

bafe tfld the eomke, frequentfy made \n the 
form of a cube or dye ; alfo a cube of ftoae 
placed under the feet cf a fiatue, and under 
its pedeftal, to raife it tod fiiew it the more* 

DYERS, werp incorpo- 
rated by Henry VI. their 
arms %itf(thle^ a chevron 
eograird between three 
madder bagi argetity banded 
and Gocded or. They are 
the 13th company, their 
fupporters % lions crown- 
ed 0r. The motto. Da 
glen'am Deo. They had a hall before the &it 
in x666 } but It not having been ere^ed fince, 
they now meet at Saktri'-Hali^ 

DYNASTY {dyua/iica^ Gr.) government, 

DYR'GE 7 (as fome fay, of dyrke^p 
DIfRGE 3 Teot* to praife) amooro- 
fol ditty or ibng over the dead, a laudatory 

DYSCINESrA, tv^Miar^ of Ki and 
wanm, Gr. motion) an inability or difficulty 
in moving. 

DYSTRICHI'ASIS (of li^ and t^M«^, 
Gr. 1 a continual defluzioa of tears from the 
pricking of liaike in the eye*lidi which grow 
under the natural hali«« 

fr words, as /rr, Jfr, >-#, /r, ftc« but la 
)reign words it makes, a fyllable, as tplu 

I efitme^ 

Ee Soman, E e JtaikK ^ t EniKfi, 
6 e isxom^ E s Greikf are the fifth 
letters in order of thebr refpeAive alphabets. 

£^ called e final, ferves to lengthen the 
foregoing vowel, and diftingnifli ieveral Engr 



£, tmauriealfy, fignifies ^50* 
E A 7 at tlie ei^ of names, either of per« 
EAEAio'u or places, is either from the 

Saxou fr, an iflaad, as Ramfty, 3tc, or from 

ea. Sax, water, or from lea^. Sax. a field .r 
BAD (a contmaion of eabij. Sax, happy) 

at the beginning of many names, is now con- 

traded to £J, u Edward, Edmmd, Edwin, 

EA'DEM, the fame, of the.femi|une gen- 

der^ Mfemper tadm, sJways the fame, L, 
EAGER (eageii. Sax, aign, f,\ i. flr^rk 

with defire, ardently wifldng, keenly defirous, 

vehement ia defire, hotly longing. 
Of adion tager^ and intent of thought. 
The chieis tout honourable danger fought* 

D^. Ovid. 
With joy th' ambitious youth his mo # er 

And eager for the journey foon prepared. 
He bugs the world beneath him to forvey. 
To guide the chariot and to give the da^. 

Y ^ Digitized by vaOOglg^ 



s. Hot of ^po&tioo> fcheffleiit^ axdeflt> inn 

ImperfeA zeil h hot and eager, without 
knowledge* Sfratt* 

Ptlemon replies, » 
Eager hit tone %tA irdeat were hli eye*. 
3. Quick, bufy, eafiljr pat In aAion. 

Hrt Numklian genina 
Is well difpofed to mifchief, were he prompt 
<And eager on it, but ha siuft be ipurr*d. 

Mafom^t Cote. 
4* Sharp, fower, add: 5. keen^ {erere, bit- 

EACERNESS (ea^opnef pe,5«9r.)tartnefs, 
iharpoefi in tafte; alfo earneftnefi> vehemence, 
being Airp ret, &c, 

£ A'GLE (^igU, F. of apalat L.) haa a long 
hookM beak, yelloiv, fcaJy legs; thick crook* 
cd talons, and a ihort tail. Its plamage is 
chefnut, brotvn, ruddy and white. Its beak, 
black at the tip, and in the middle blue, tho*' 
inTome yellow j it is faid to be the Qioft Nrift, 
moft ftrong, moft laborious, moft generous, 
moft bold, and more able to endure the moft 
ihsrp cold than any other bhd, apd for thefe 
reafons both the ancients and moderns have 
made it the emUem of Majejh, 

EAGLE STOKE, a ftone (aid to be fome- 
times found in the neft of an eagle, and very 
effefboal in forwanUng or preventing the deli- 
veiy of women in labour | according as it is 
■pply*d above or below the womb* 

ZA'GLET (aiglette^ F.) a younger fjnall 
eagle. Tbe eagle is faid to prove her eaglets 
in the brightnefs of the fun] if they ihut their 
eye-lidc, fhe difowns them. 

£ALHORD'A{ealhon<M, Sax,) the pri- 
vilege of affizing and felling beer. 

To EAN (eacniao, San,) to bring forth 
young. f))oken of an ewe or female flieep. 

£AR(eaji. Szx. ere, Dan.) the inftrument 
c»r organ of hearing in an animal body, alfo 
the handle of ieveral forts of vefiels for li- 
quorr, dfr. 

EAR 'INC (of espian, Sax.) a gathering of 
eats of corn. 

EaRL (eon]> eorla, Dan. of eon, honour, 
and e^el, noble. Sax,) a title of noUlity be- 
tween a marquis and a vifcount» and is a title 
more ancient with us than thofe cipher of 
dukes or ffiarqutiTes, and the firft earl created 
in Enrlamd, was Hugh dt Pufax, carl ti Nor* 
tbamterlaai, by K. Ricbardl, 

EARL'f Coremt, has no 
flowers ra|fed above the circle 
like that of a duke or mar- 
quifs, but only points rifing, 
and a pearl en each fide of 
them ) fee the figure. 
EARL'INESS (of aeji. Sax. before now) 
foonnefs of time. 

EA RN 'ESTNESS(eo nney^ejrye,5jjr.) 
vehement or firong defire er endeavour. 
JEARTH (ecjifi. Sax, terre^ F, terra, JL. 


rh Gr. S^K) BA.) the opinion of the ai^ 
cients concerning the figure of the earth, wis 
veiy different ftom what is now believed | 
fome held it to llnarge hollow veiTel j others 
that it was an immenfe plain, fupported witla 
pillars like a uble. And theie ooinions aso 
fo iliiHy mabuined hj fome ef the fathers 
(particularly LaSaxtitu and Aaguftin) and To 
firmly believed, even for more than 600 
yean after ChrUI, that pope Grtgoty ezcon^* 
municated and depofed VtrgiUius, bifliop of 
Strafiwrg, for aflerthig the Aitipodn. Aii4 
many of the philofophers believed it to be s 
eone or high mountab, by which they sic- 
counted for. the difiippearance of the fun ac 
night. But the modems have difcovend ths 
body of the earth and water to be a globe^ 
which may be proved by thefe plain and on- 
deniable arguments. 

I. It plainly appears. that the earth fa g^- 
bular from the edipies of the moon \ for the 
flisdow of the earth, being always round, the 
earth that is the body that intercepts the 
beams of the fun, and h the undifpoted caule 
of fuch edipfe, muft of necefiity be of a round 

a. The nearer any perfon approaches ts 
either of the poles, the fiars nearefl to the 
pole are the more elevated from tbe horison 
towards the zenith; and on the contrary, 
the farther a peribn moves from the poles, 
the fime ftars feem to ndtfiidraw from him 
till they quite difappear. Again, they -xita 
ancl fet fcpner to one that travels to the Eafip 
than they do to one that tra? els t0 the W^ \ 
infomuc£ that if a psrfon fhodd fpend a whole 
year in going round the earth to the Eafi, he 
would gain a day $ whereas on the contruy, 
in journeying the fiime wefiward, he would 
iofe a day. And this is ado^^ly feen between 
the Portuvuife 19 ASaeap^ an ifland on the 
fottth of Cbtna, and the Spaniards in tbe 
Pbilippitii illands, the funday of the P«rre- 
gutfi being the faturday of the Spaxiard*i 
occafioned by the one*s failing thither caft- 
ward. and the other weftwatd | for tbe JPsr- 
tugije failing from Europe to the S^-Imdieif 
and thence to Macao, and the Spamardi 
pafliog weftward from Europe to America, 
and thence to the Pbilippiat iOands. between 
them both, they have travelled lound the 

3. That the world is round, h demoaitrtted 
by the voyages that hsve been made quite 
round it i fpr if a (hip fetting out fiom Eag' 
land, and failing continually we/twsid, fhaU 
at lad come to the Eafi*Jndiu, and fo home 
to England again, it is a plain demonftratios 
it is a globe and not a flat, a cube, a cone, 
or any other form. And thefe navigatioof 
have of late years been frequently made* 
which pots the matter out of all doubt. . 

EARTH'EN (of eo|i«in, 5**.) made ojj 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

r.^ maoe isi 

E A . 

EARTH'LINESS (of epjl^ Jellcnejrye, 
&».) eaithJy quality. 

EARTHXy mndtd{Qfto^% andjeinin^^ 
^#x the mind) minding eartiily things. 

EARTHQUAKE (of eoji«, earth, and 
tpaciaa. Sax, to ^ttake, a violent flwck or 
cmcnffion of the ea.»thx or iome parti of it, 
allied by fire or hot Tapours ^fnt op in the 
toweli or hollow parts of ic^ which force a 
u0age, and frequently produce dreadfai ef- 
Jcfis, as the defcrudion of whole cities^ the 
fwalkwing up> or orertumiog mountains, 

Heturalifti, Tome of theeo; afcribe earth' 
fuki to water, others to fire, and all of 
than with (bme reafoo. Nay, 

I. The earth itfcif may be Uie canfe of its 
flvn fluking, when the roots or bafis of fome 
Ivfp rnaft being difiblved or worn away by a 
fai uidemeath, it finks into the fame, and 
hj iti weight caufes a trem<r , produces a noife, 
and ftwuently an inondatioi/if water. 

3. The fnbterraneous vyatert may occafion 
tmk^aaks by their cuttmg new courfes, &c, 
or the water being he»ted br rarefy*d by the 
frkerraneous fires, may emit fumes, blafts, 
fiff . and nay caufe great copcuiHoni, 

3. The vr may be the aaule of earthquakes, 
|cr the air being a coUe£lion of fiimes and 
npoms railed from the earth and water, if 
foe UP in too narrow vifiera of the earth, 
chho tne fubterraneous heat, or its own na- 
tive one, rarefying and expanding ip, the force 
wUbewith it endeavoon to efcape may caufe 
a ikaJcing of the earth. 

4. Fire is a principal caufe of earthquakes } 
hothai it produces the fubtertaneous air or 
npoon before-mentioned ; and as this aura, 
vt or fpirit, from the. different matter and 
ronpoBtion of which, fulphur, bitimien, and 
•tha laAanomable matters do arife, takes 
fn, by either fome other fire it meets withal, 
Or from its coUifion agalnft hard bodies, or by 
bs being lntermiz*d with other fluids i by 
which means burftfaig out into a laiger com- 
psis, the fpace becomes too narrow for it, and 
k preffing agalnft it on all fides, it caufei a 
khing of the coAdgooos parts, till hafing 
Bude itielf a paflage, it ipreads itfelf in a 

There being much fulphur and bitumen, 
n4 foch hke combuftibje matter in many 
pUcei in the bowels of the earth, it is no 
bfd natter to imai^e how it ihoold enkindle, 
which tho* ft may be done feveral ways, I 
ftallinftaoce bnt m one. Since the earth 
•ontains fuch Afferent matters in it, it may 
^ eafily iqugbicd that there are caverns in 
kmt places, which are filled with no other 
Sutter bat grofi ain^ and fulphureoos or bi- 
taminons vapours, and it may fo happen that 
1 flint fliaU drop from the arch of the cavern 
to aaother flint below, and ftrike fire out of 
iti which ihall either enflame the vapour, 
V t)(e fulfhureopi »sd bituiQinoiis matter 

E B 

thereabouti, whkh when they have once talnft 
fire, keeping it in very long, they commnni- 
cate it to other bodies of a like nature, and 
when thefc get yea., they burffc out in very 
violent eruptions, as has been feen in Mina^ 
Vefuviut, and other places. 

But when it to happens that in vaft caveini 
the vapours and thicker matter take fire all 
at once, the air in fuch a motioncannot rarefy . 
and difperje, but It mofl give a fudden con- 
cuflion to the upper part of the caverns, and 
make ail the ground abcVe it tremble, and 
caufe an earthquake } and the deeper the nuaa 
lies, and the larger the quantity of matter it, 
which takes fire at one time, the more vio- 
lent and extenfive is the earthquake. 

But if the cavern happens to be near the 
furface of the earthy there are many time* 
eruptions of fire that confume the bowels of 
it, fo that the ground finks in j and when 
the openiniHi ^^ enough, trees and houlea 
are fwallowed up in it, as it happened hi 
Jamaica AVL the year 1692. . 

And this is not bare conjedure, but ie 
confirmed by experience, for the great erup- 
tions of the famous burning mountains am 
always attended with an earthquake in the 
Qeighbourhood, as they in Naplte and the 
places thereabouts have experienced. 

'SJkSs. the Bow'lhte y {Sea term) figniff 

EASE the Sheet \ let them be more 

EA'SCL PIECES (with Painters) are fuck 
fmall pieces, either portraits or ktid-fkips, as 
are painted on the painters eafel (which is e 
frame on which the fbrained canvafs is placed) 
fo called in diflin^on from thofe larger pic« 
tores that are drawn on the walls or ceiUngi 
of rooms, &c. 

EA'SINESS (of aife, F. eafe, and the 
term nefs) facility $ alio ibft or mild ^uafilsf 
or temper. 

EASTER (of Salter, Sax.) an idol ot 
goddeis of the Saxons, in honoor of whom 
facrifices were oflfered about that time of ^ 
year, a feftival obferved by the church in 
commemoration of oor Saviottr*t Refarrec« 

It is kept on the firft Sunday after the full 
moon, after the vernal equinox. 

EBB (ebba. Sax, ebbe, Dan) the gomg out 
of the tide, which is diftinguifhed into imral 
degrees, as qMorter Ebb, half Ebb, thretfuar^ 
ters Ebb, and lovf or elead water, 

EBB (b nji^ratiw Scnfe) is uM to fig« 
nify the loweft gitch of fortune or.€onditio»' 
in the world. 

E'BENUS (D^^arTt Heb.) the ebcn- 
tree, an Indian and JBthiofian tree that bean 
neither leaves nor fruits ; the wood of whkh 
(called Ebony) is as black as jet» and very 
hard, and fo heavy, that the leafl flip of it 
will fink in water. 

To EBULXIATE {ebMiiare, L.} to bub. 
ble out* 

Digitized by ^ EBULLI'- 


IBlTLLI^IONy any inward wkitnt mo- 

%ioa of tfce puts of a ftnily canCsd by the 

AratgBof of larticlet of diffiBiaiC ^nalitiei^ F. 

cf L. 

JECBOU'A ) e£ hSJbom, to caft 

ICBOLI'NA V oot, Gr.) mediciiict 

SC60LAa>£S 3 thttfiMaUtoteddrrecy 

«» «omn in bacd labov j alio Chofe tiut 

cavfe abortwiif ^ 


v» to pufe 00^ Gr.}patfinf niedi* 

ECCE HOMO, ». #• beboU the man (widi 
P«iiMn) a namegifcn to a panting, whcfdn 
tm Snvloor'li repitfeiited in a poipk robe with 
• crnvnof tbotm on hii liead^ and anedin 
llif hand | foch ai he «u y t fent e d beibn 

ECCENTRICAL (Inm{u»'o On) that 
haM not the lanM center. 

ECCENTRICK drilti {^M^J/hmmtrt) 
wtm foch circla that have not tl^pune center, 
of which kind feveiai orbita were in w nte d by 
the andeots to Iblve the appcaiancei of the 

ECCENTRICR JSfmmtnm (m the OiV ^« 
Jftmm t ti) h thefaoe with the Piry^ftft^^, 
and is eqnal to the difference of the fun's or 
flanet*f real or apparent phoes, coontod on an 
arch of tlie eclipdck. 

ECCENTR14C1TY (fn tibe PtdmskkA* 
pnrnmfD is that drde which tlie (an b fnp. 

Cftd to move in about our earth, and which 
th not the earth exa£Uy for its center.. 

E'CCHO. AeeJ^c^ 

ECCLE'SIANS (in Oarek Hijhfy) vpon 
any miiajlderftaadnf between tJui emperois 
and the digoifiel clergy end omen of tlie 
ClioftiaR clivtch, the adherenti to tlie em* 
peror called thofii who ftnck to the interefts 
and prinleges of the church JScdefiam, /. «. 

ECCLE'SIARCH (ttiUfi^ct^, L. vuXe- 
9mQ(4u Gr.) the mlnp or head of a church* 

fiCCLESlASTICALLy (hwXvrMCiaiiry 
GrJ accddiflf to the manner of the church. 

SGCLI'SIS (iMiXiTK^ of fesKftw, Gr. to 
turn from) a difloeatioa or hixMion of the 
joints of an animal body* 

SCC01>E (with Surgnm) a dhlding of a 
Mhy part, and cutting oiBT that which is gan« 
gRn*d, cijikerM or the like ; alfo an am« 
putstion of an OBcreftenee ; alfo a kind of 
fnOaiaor lolutioa of the continuity <ii the 
A;ttli, by a fimple indfioo. 

E CCOPROT'ICKS (ttetfntie^, L. n* 
mwfvrtud, Gr.) mediciiMs of a lenicive or af« 
fwaging quality. 

L.) figns for making a judgment of diftem- 
pers, from particular cxcrctioae or dficharges 
of hamooTS. 

EGHaRPB' (in Gtnme^) aa to to/w at 
teUrpe^ fignifics to bitter Mi^eeiy or fide- 
way*, F, 


lea hedgehog, and «f9»>^ii«, a diieaS in tlpe 
eyei) an impafedion of the eyti, when tho 
eye-Iidi are fet with haiciy as the SeUmms ia 
with pricklea. 

ECHFNVS (in Arcbimamn) a member or 
ornament taking its name from te roughnela 
of its earring, refemblfhg the prickly riad of 
a chefiaat) fiift placed on the top of the Jomick 
capital i Imt now ufed in cornices of the Imidt, 
C§rtwibia» and Comfofii orders, a»fiftiag tf 
anchors, carts, and ovals or cgf^ canvd* 
Tlie fame that the Ri^Hp call quarter rounds 
the FftnA ore, and the Itab'sm ovolo. 

E'CHITES (of Ivi^, a riper, Gr.) a pie. 
cfeos itooe, of a darfcHh green colour, fon^* 
what rtfrmMing a viper j alio an herb, a kind. 

E'CHO (*Hx«> Gr.) thaidbondiag of tiii 

ECHO (with ^dnttai) is appBed to ceisi 
tain kinds of taults and archea mofk com* 
monly of elliptical or parabolical figures, uM 
to redouble ibulids, and nrodnce srHfcisI fin^ 
Si9flt ECHO, is dmt which letomt thb 
foice but once* -.<••> 

fmeml ECHO, aa echo which wiU'not 
retnm the roiee, but when modulated iaft 
ibme pecuBar mufical note. 

PtfyfyOah'etl ECHO, an echo that letniaa 
umnj lyllables, words and ieniences. 
M^mafiU ECHO > aa Etbo wludi 
Tmati^tai ECHO 5 returns lyUabka 
and words, the iame oftentimes repeated^ 

ECHO'METRE (of 7x^, found, and 
uhfm, meafMTe) a fcale or rule diHded oa 
tt, which ierres to meafure the duratioo o^ 
length of (bonds, and to find their intenrala 
and ratio's. 

ECHY'MOSIS (lax^^acc(,of JaTffr yi¥«Ab 
Gr. humoun) a difeafe of the eye, whoefai 
the blood, cxtravaied by fome blow or conta- 
fion upon tbe arriral between the cutis and 
the fleilh or mufdes, ftops there widkont any 
appear an ce of a wound. 

ECLE'CTICI (of iaJym, Gr. to chola) 
ancient l>hilofophers, who without attaching 
themfelres to any particular feet, took what 
tb^ Judged good and felid from each. 

ECIE'GMA (U>if(yp«, of la and Xi(m( 
Gr. to lick) a tincture or fehoch, a kind ot 
medicine td be licked or fucked in ; bdog a 
liquid compofitioo, thicker than a fyrup^ but 
thioner than an electuary, L. 

ECLIPSE, is a priration of I|ght, dther of 
tbe fun or moon, by reaTon of tbe interpofi* 
tion of fome opake body between them, or 
between them and the eye* 

As for the eclipfe of the Sm {Co called by 
▼uigar error) is properly fpeaking anecUple 
of the£«rf^ and not the (nnf becaufe it is ms 
earth and not the fun that is deprived of i^t. 
Tb€ daratiom •/ an Eclipfi Is the dmo be- 
tween its immerfiM and tmtrfi^iu 
The Immerjion h the time when the difie 

Digitized by 



ifAebodf ecBp(ed» be^ns to be hM* 
The Emtrfim it the time when h bej^ to 

Ediffn happeiioiilf at the time of the foil 
MOy aod not at eveiy full moon» by reafon 
d the oUiqaity of the noon^t way with re- 
%eft to the fan $ bat oniy in tbofefuU moons, 
»bich happen is or very near the Ifndn, 
E<kffti are either tud^ farttal or anm/ltr, 
A nr«/ Belifft » when the whole diik of 
Ikt body IB d^ved of light. 

A PMrtJMlMdtffi if when oidy a part of it 
lideinTed'of light or darkened. 

jhmlm' Mcoffis are fach at are only of the 
fca, and happen when the moon it in her 

r|ee» and tfaeace appearing much lefs than 
fiiB, and is moft vifihie when the fun is in 
hii perigee ; the cofp of the ihadow of the moon 
ttiitck doie not roKhing the earth, ihe be- 
comaia a ccathd conjundion with the fan j 
bat fiot being largie enoogl^to cover his dift, 
hii whole fiflib or edge appears like a locid 

The utieiits bdcM upon ecMpfes as pie- 

.>gBiof moft iad difaftcn, npon which account 

tittf app]y*4 tbemiehres to the ftndy of 

CmtMi ECUPSE rftbtmow (with Afn^ 
aHBM)is whennot only the hitin body or the 
amnasoovaedby the ftadowj butalTothe 
ceafeer of the mooa pailes through the center 
of that dtde, whicb is made by a plane cot- 
itag the cone of the earth's diadow at right 
m^ with'tha atis^ or %Hth that line, which 
jsfas the centers of the fon and the earth. 

iMarZCLIPSEi is the taking of the fnn*s 
li g h t fiwm the moon, oceafiooed bv the inter- 
fsiiiiianof the body of the tarth between the 
aoei and the fan. 

iiiAr ECLIPSBy is when it happens that 
we an drarived of light by the interpofition 
ar earning » ^ ^ aiooa't body between it 
and oar of fight* 

£CLIIKUSfwitfaP^X;f^iVi«i)a £iiliog of 
Ikit ffkia, a ninting or forooning away, a 
faa^B, i^ 

JBCUP^lCKiUmmEdiftita, L.)a great 
dndeon the iphere of the world, defcribed by 
Ihe ceatie of the fun in ita annua] progreft { 
kii aUb called the fim*t vof and the fon^s 
aAit» bacavie he never devhites from it hi his 
tBBBil motiOttfrom eaft to weft« It ii placed 
ebBf oely to the e^oator, makhig an angle with 
ft of 13 degrees 30 minntes, anddividhig it 
Ino two equal parts in the point. Ana and 
fJkm. It b called echftici, becaaie aU ediffit 
biyfia in or ocar tha nodes or interfections 
af the tc/iftuk, 

CCLIPTICK JHPHfr, a fpace of about 
1) difreea from tht Neda or the teliftitk, 
%idiaB whkh if the moon be at any time of 
heroppcfition 10 or in coojuadioA with tha 
ma, there may be an eclipie. 

The oprth or afigaihg Mb is called the 
ifeBgoQ*a head, and tha Aath or difimdi^ 

Nodi the dra gOQ*s tail. 

ECLOGUE^ a paftoral compofition (caM 
from P^ifior, L. a fiiephei^) wherein ihep« 
herds are introduced aa taking one with ano« 
ther, foch as the Btteo/icks of Firp/inA the 
Idylls of Tbtocrims } which names tho* orig* 
mally fignified the fame thing, yet coftom haa 
made a diftin^oo between them, giving the 
name of eclogues to thofe wherein Aepherda 
are introdnced fpeaJdng. Idyl;s to fach aa 
are written in a plam, nmpJe, natural fiUe, 
and fuppofing the perfons converiingto be 

.JLOGUE (with ibmeaothors) it applied 
to other pieces befides poetical ones, and an ex* 
traA or collodion. 

ECtOGA'RlUd, a learned man, who 
has made abundance of extraftsfrom authors. 

ECPHO'NESIS ('Sa^w^ifi^ Gr.) an ex- 

ECPHYSE'SI^ (with Sitr^tom) any pro* 
cefs or knob th#t is joined with, or adheita to 
a bone. 

ECPYC^ICA (E«irv»T«u». Cr.J medi. 
cines of a thickening quality. 

ECTASY (l«c«irio Gr.) z. Anypaifion 
by which the thoughts are abforbcd, and m 
which the mbd is for a time loft : 2. excef- 
live jov, Qfc, rapture. 

Each delighted, and delighting, gives 

The pleafing e^Jy which each receives/ 

3. Enthufiafm, cxceflivelelevation of the mind. 
He lovM me well, and oft woa*d beg me fing| 
Which when I did, he on the tender |ra& 
Would fit, and hearken even to tcjfafy, 

ECSTATICAL7 (i»r«I«io Or.) i. 

ECSTATICK: 5 lUvilhed, npturou^ 
elevated to ecfiafy. 

There doth my foul in holy vifion ^ 

In penfive trance, and anguii^ zxn^tcftttick 
fit. Miiion. 

In tiance ecfiatick may. thy pangs be drown'd. 
Bright clouds defcend, and angels watch thee 
round. p^^. 

When one of them, after an tftMtUk man* 
ner, fell down before an angel, he was feivra* 
ly rebuked, and bidden to worihip God, 

StWinifiitt's Dtf. cf Difc. on Rom. IM. 

ECTHLY'PSIS (with Gramttanam) the 
cutting ofi^ a vowel or confooant, efpedally 
the letter (») in Latim or Gretk verfe, at the 
end of a word, when the next wotd begina 
with a vowel, or {h) as dsv incido for dkfum 

ECTYLdTl'CKLS {UrvKorinM, of U an<l 
TvX^, Gr. callus) remedies proper to con* 
fame and eat off callus's, warU and other ex- 
crefcences found on the fldh. 

ECZE'MATA (la^i/MTA, Gr.) fiery red 
and burning pimples, which are pamful, but 
do not run with matter, Zm 

BDA'CIOVSNSSS, a great eating. 

Digitized by' 

E F 

IDA'CIOUS [edax, L.} f^iftn tbeat iiradi> 

^jyOY TiJe, the lame uMji a tarning 
found in a ftream. 

EDENTaTED (tJettatut, L,) made or 
kcome toothleff* 

EDER (cbcp, 54*.) an hedge. 

7« EDGE in with ajbip {Sea term) b faid 
of a chafe that is making op to it. 

EDGXESS {Bf^l»y» Sax,) without 'an 

EQ'IBLENESS (of edihiiit, and neft) ca- 
pablenefs of being eaten. 

EiyiLE (among the Rsmant) an officer ap- 
pointed to overfce the buildings publick and 

EDILES, magUbrstet in Rom of which 
there were 2, much like our mayors of cities. 
They had the fuper-intendance of publick 
miid private buildings \ as aquedu^ls, baths, 
bridges, roads, &c» They alfo took cog- 
nisance of weights and meafures, and. regulated 
the markets as to the price of orovifions, (sfc. 
They examined comediet before thty were 
a£led ; and frequently they treated the people 
with games at their own cxpcnce. 

To EDUL'CORATE (in Ciymi^.) to 
make fweet, to fweeten, to purge any thing 
of its falts, &c, by repeating wa&lng in cold 

EF'FABLENESS {oiiffabiUi and mfi) ca- 
pablenefs of being fpoken. 

EFFECTION (with GemitritioM^tkK^ 
problems or pra£ltces which, when t^y may 
be deduced from or founded on fome geome* 
trical propofitions, are called the Gcomtricsl 
Efifft thereto pertaining. 

EFFECTIVENESS (of efeaivtu^ L. an4 
• mp) dk&Xst quality. 

E F FECT U A LNESS (of efeQualis, L, 
and neji) efficiency, the being thoroughly ac 

EFF^RVES'CENCE % (with Pbifitiam) 

EFFERVES'CENCY 5 an inward motion 
•f the particles of different natures and quali> . 
ties tending to fudden deftrudion. 

EFFERVESCENCE (in Pbffich) is not 
applied to any ebullitions or motions produced 
by fire J but only to thofe that refult from 
the mixture of bodici of different natures, or 
at'Ieaft an agitation of parts refemUingan 
ebiillition or boiling produced by fi^. 

EFFERVES/CENT(f/«r«;*/f«M, L.) 
growing very hot, boiling over, &€, 

EFFI'CIENTNESS (ejficientia, L.) the 
power or faculty to do a thing. 

Mfuiwcal EFFI'CIENT Cattfi, as the pro- 
ducing a frog, &c. 

Moral EFFICIENT Caufi^ as the advlfer 
IS the caufe of war, a murder, fiETr. 

//iifi/rii/ EFFICIENT Caufe, is that which 
not only a£b without precept in op >i<fition to 
artificial ; but alfo from within and according 
to its own ihclination, in oppcfilioa to vi^cntj 
as fue a£ls when it vtums. 


PhfcJ EFFICIENT Caufi^ «s a bttri^ 
which produces a horfe. 

Sp9>uaneoui EFFICIENT Caufe, ai « do^ 

Umverjal EFFICIENT Caufe^ which b 
various arcumftanoes pioduoM efiin^ at Ged 
it of the Sun» 

Uiiitfocal EFFICIENT Caufe^ which pio- 
dooes an effea like itfelf, as a horfe begets a 

EFFI^CIENTS fin Arithmetidt) the num. 
bers given for an operation of muitifHeatim, 
u e. the multiplicmd and the muUipber. 

EF^ICYy the ftamp or impreffion of a 
coin reprefenting the prince^a head who caufed 
it to be ftruck. 

EFFLA'TION, a belching or bieakiflg 
wind, L. 

EFFLU^NTNESS {efiuentik, L.) aa ef. 
flux, a blowing or running out. 

Cfffufcular EFFLU'VIA'S, in many U^ 
dies in the extreme fubtilty and finenefsof 
them are tranfcendently remarkable i asbetag 
able for a long time together to produce fea- 
fible efFe£b | without any apparent or the 
ieaft cenfiderahle diminution of the balk es 
weight of the body which fends them forth. 

EFFORMATION (of ex and fimmtit, 
L»J a being formed or made oot of Ambo 
matter. x 

EFFUL'GENT (efiJ^tMi, U) fhiabgoiit. 

EFFUL'GID (efulguhi, L.) bfigbt, Aia- 
ing, clear. 

To EFFUND/ {effuadere^ L.) fo pour oot« 

EFFUTI'TIOUS (ejfktsiy*, L.) thil 
which hath 00 fignificatiany bat only fetvai 
to fill up room. 

EGERAlINATIONj a buadlng or fpfiag« 
iog forth, L. 

Cow^s EGG, a kind of Bestoar, fieqncmlf 
found in the flomach of a cow. 

EGRE'GIOUS i<^^/M, L. /. «. chofta 
out of the flock) notorious or manifieft. 

EGRE'GIOUSNESS, choiccnefs» rareneft, 
remarkablenefs, &e, 

EGRES'SIO (with nhetoridaai) a figaie 
when the fame found or words is tarice re- 
peated in feveral or in the fame ienteacey ia 
an inverted order j as, 

Nee fine faUfuoinm, necfimlaeeJaafeL 

EGYPTIANS (in our Statute*) a cooa- . 
terfiut kind of rogues, and their doxies fit 
whores, being Engiifh or Wetfr people, wba 1 
difguife themfelves in odd uncouth habitH 
fmearing their faces and bodies, and framiag 
to themfelves an unknown caodxig language^ 
wander up and down the country j and under 
the pretence of telling ^fortunes and coxiog 
difeafes^ &€, abufe the igoorant commco 
people, tricking them of their money, and 
live by that, together with fikhhig, pitfaio|i 
ileaUog, &c, 

EJ ACU LA'TION (a cafting forth or dart- 
ing afar off) a fhort prayer poured forth fnaa 
the bottom of the hcaitj with krttsX ^ti»^.^ 

I tioa, L% bigitized by '^ ¥j^? 



iSJAOirLATION On ^h^) *^ »^ ^ 
.iBittisg the Semm, 

EJACULATION (in FjrHteity) the «• 
(«Uwa of a ball or bullet or bomb one of a 
aa&ety cannon, mortari 9«. 

EJECTIOIOUS {^eOkiiu, L.)caftout. 

An £IGHT« n pianUtk» of ofim and 

ELAB^DRATE (dWamm, L.) done with 
fORi i wionght and coibpofed pciftftly and 

EtA^IORATION, the workinf or per- 
laming any tUsg ymh paint and exa£kneftj 

ELAN'OUID (eUmidMS, L.) fidnt, weak. 
ELAPIDAT£D {3afiJatm, L.) cUared 

To ELAPSfS {tUffmm, L.) to Aide aw»r 

ELAqyEATION, a dUentaoglingy dlf- 
' neat. 

ftrfiafy ELAS'TICAL, f body it faid to 
beib» wken whh die fame force at that which 
pK&*d opon it (thongh for a while it yielded 
tt ihe ixnfce) it afterwards recovert iu for- 
BMr place. And in thit ienfe, an elaftick 
%6tf h ifllntiiiihfil fntn a foft body ^ i. *» 
oae that being preftM yieldt to the ftrokt, 
Mb'iu forae# figore, and cannot leooter it 

ELAFTICK. Bmly, is that which by being 
E or ftictcbed Kat itt fignie altered } but 
■nnn by iti own- force to refunie the 
ej or'it it-n fpringybody, whith when 
pneft*d^ aandeni'd and the lUce, maket 
t» efttt to fot itfolf at liberty, and to repel 
the bady that oraftraiped it ; fuch it a iword 
bbdc^ a hpwy Qf r. which are eafily bent $ 
kat fnttkOf ictnm to their formed figure 

Nmm^^ ELAFTICK Mmka, the principal 
■aair, ipongea^ thabranchet of treaty wool, 
cottaoy foathen, Cfc. 

JMM ELASTICK Sotlin, m flael-< 
htm, fivid-bladet, tf c. 

fiLATHA'TION, a barking oiit^ L. 
'ELBOlC&(of£Mv, eiborm Sax.) ^ 
teanoe m vtrfe of a rode or mfifng qtiaKty, 
m k wei« hunching or pufliing wiA the elbow. - 

BUOtMB (among the* Jiwt) were the 

' "" " s pcrlbnt for age^ experience 

ELDERS (among the primitive ChHfliMt) 
mtK diafe of the ilrft rank b the church. 

£U>EJtS (with the modem PrefiyttHans) 
thafo pcrfona of tlie particular congregationt 
«ho infpeft natten of religion and dilclpttne, 
Idkn caie of the poor, pronde the bread and 
lint for the facrament, coUeft money to de* 
%iy tilt tfipancea of the church, fisT^' and the 
^idfter himWf it aMo cdlM the Mtdtr. 

ELq>ERSHIP (of cbe|i« Sax,) $M r^p) 
At^i^dtyof andder. 

n.BCAMPA'NB (ttmk eofufa^a, L) the 
iBfc othinrifo tallfd Imit-ha), fiood for the 

-fe L 

tLECTlOK (hi Law) U when a peite 
IS left to hit own free-will, to take Or do ei- 
ther one thing or another which he pjeafet. 

ELECTION (in TheoUgy) the choice which 
God of his good pleafore makes of angc]»«r 
men for the defignt of mercy and grace, 

ELECTKMI (in Pbarmac^yU that part of 
it that teaches how to chnie £mp]« medica- 
ments^ drugs, filTc, andtodiftinguiih thegood 
from the bad. 

ELECTORAL Ovwif (in BfrgUrj) the 
ekdort of the empire of Gtrwiany wear a 
fcarlet cap turned up with ermine^ clofcd with 
adtmicircJe of gold, all covered with pearls { 
on the top is a globe with a crofs all of gold. 

ELECTRICA (with PhjfeisMt) drawing 
ihedicines, L. 

ELECTRICK, pertaining to eleOricity. 

ELECTRICALNESS (of Ma«^pw, Gr*. 
amber) attra£live quality, i. t, that force or 
property in foma bodies, whereby th^y at* 
trad or draw fmall and high bodies to them* 
felTct; it is different from Magtusifm\n thif, 
that the former attra^ moil kindf of bodies x 
bat the latter only iron. 

ELEEMOSVNrA Caruccanm (an aiKuwe 
CnJUm) a penny which King Ethelnd ordered 
to be paid for every plough in En^nd to* 
wards the fupport of the poor. 

ELEEMOSrNiC [Old JUt,) pofleffiou 
belonging to churches. » . . 

EL'EG ANCE in the general, it a maaner 
of faying things with choice, politenela and a^ 
greeabienefs 1 with CAotcf, ingd-ngaot ofth* 
common way : with PoUhiuJs^ in giving tho 
thing a turn which ftrikes people of a deKcate 
tafle s and with agrteahl*iuft, m ^ing it a 
relUh thronghout^ which hits every body* 

EL^GAMTNESS (idtgamU^ L.) «b- 

SL'EGAKCE? (with ItAaftnVunrs) is thy 

ELEGANCY $ choice of rich andhapfif 
exprefiions, which alfoihew an eafinefr, whicB 
eafinefs. confiftt in makhig ufo of atturat ex* 
prefiions, and avoiding fuch m feem afle£led» 
and difcover the pains the orator was at to find 
them. ^t k, 

EL'EGY (cfepV. r. A^afSLikMy%Up 
Or« of IxIav, commiferation, and^|la|«rf, 19 
fay), a kind of poem invented to ea^plain dT 
misfortunes of any kmd whatfoever^ hot 
efpecially tti mourn the death of friends, or th# 
cruelty #f a miftreft. }n an alegy the paf^ 
fioos oif grief, defpair, Qfr. ought to piedomi* 
natp { the mcafure ought to be heroick verfe^ 
as the moft folemo. The numbers and fen* 
tlmentt ibould be foft and fwcet. Point ihoolA 
beintirely diicaided, as being contraiy to paflion* 

ELEMENnrARlNESS (of •Uantariut, 
L. eltmtntaire, F.) clemeataiy ooallty, 

ELEMENT^ARY PritKifia (with Na* 
twraiifit) are the fimple partadet of a natural 
rnixM bodr, or thofe very (mail parts out 0/ 

J' which fuch abody ii inadi np^ tndiato which 
it 0Miy be rtfolvtd. 

% Digitized by ^^ SLEMEKX' 

ELEMWTATED, made up «ree»|K>fe| 
''•f the eknent or e]einenu» 

BLE'MENTS of Language (with Gram- 
maridfu) the letters of the alpnabct. 
' ELEMENTS (in Divinity) the bread and 
vrtne prepared for the lacnMnent of the Lord*s 

Gum ELEMT, a tranfpirent refin of a 
whitifh coloor intwmixt with yellow, fomt- 
thtng refenB^Ung wak, a pretty briik bitter, 
tho* not difagreeable tiAt, and a fmell fome- 
thing nice fennel. 

EL'EPHANT, the largcft oF all four foot- 
ed aniinali, of fo gre^t ftrength in body, that 
he will kiU a horfe with 6ne blow of his trunks 
which is a long cartilaginous tube, with which 
Jie »l(b feeds'Umfelf. He is alfo docile, cun- 
ning and faithful, and fo fagacious, that there 
are numerous inftances of his doing many things, 

• that oiay feem to be beyond the capacity of a 
bratci and of z nature fo gentle and iniM, 

• that be never fights, onlefs he bs provoked, 
•that the wtakeft and moft tame animals mayj 

play before him without danger, 
i He has two teeth of fix or eight feet long of 

a vaft weight, ftanding out on each fide of his 
'trunk, which are ivory. He feeds on graft, 

• herbs or plants. 

- ELEFHANTI'ASIS Arabum (with Phy 
Jiciani) a fweNing in the legs and feet, a -kin 
im the Karfu, proceeding from phlegmatick 
anA mekinchplly blood, fo that the feet re- 
■leable thole of an elephant in fliape and 

. ELEPHANTI WlZ/5ri (with the RomaMt) 
the adlioDS of the princes, and the proceed- 
iDgSy afts^ &f. of the fenate, L, 
>. f o ELEVATE {tlevo, h.) i. To rtife up 
aloffr; 2. taexsrit, to dignify t 3. toraiiethe 
-H^kid yvkh great conceptions. - 

Others a part fat on a hill «etir*d 
^ri thongjbts more elnfate^ and reafon*d high 
Of providence, foreknowledge, will and fate. 

. Kow fifing fortune eUvatet his mind, 
Hefh^keauaclbudedj and adorns man kmd. 
• > ' Ravage, 

4. To elate the mind with vicious-ptide. 
. ELEVATE 'y exalted, raifed alof^. 
On each fide animperial city ftood. 
With tow'rt and temples proudly c/tvfitt 
On ieveft fmall hills. Mile, Par^ Rtgained, 
ELEVATION, j. The aft of raifing a- 
hSti 2« cnltatfen; dignity: 3. exaltation 
•f the mtfld by no^le conceptions. 
.. Wc are therefore to love him w^th tl) pof 
Able appBcatioo and tkvaficn of fpirit, with 
all the heart, (rnii, and mind. Norn's, 

^ . EL'EVATEDNESS {o( ikvation, L.) tet- 
^edaefi, a being lift up, &e, 

ELEVA' HON (in ^chittSlkrt) a draught 
or defoription of the face or principal fide of a 
biTiidiag, dailed alfo the Upright, ' < 

* .rf«ELBV£' (of e/<w/r, F. t<? mifc) a pupti 
•r firMar educated uodar i^y on?. ' 


£I;E'VEK«. iKe nnmber ir ha thSf^ 
petty, that being moltiplied by 1, 4, 1;, 6, 7, 1, 
it will alwaya end and begin With like nm* 
bers, a» II mvltiplyed by 2, makes 21, by 4, 
44, by 5, ^5, by 6,66, by 7, 77, by S,88. 

ELPCIT (in Ethuia) fignifVing ads in- 
modiately produced by the will, tad termi- 
nated by the fame power. Sach itwiUKHg, 
niUing, lotting, hadng, &c. ihch a^ aie 
denominated </fcr>, by realbn that being bi- 
fore' in the power of the will they arsno« 
biouf^t forth into a£t. " 

ELEGIBILinrV 7 ^tnBitStfSBiiM. 

ELI'GIBLENESS S ty, a boll granted ^ 
the pope to certain perfons toqnaVfy then to 
be chofen or invefted with an office or digaity. 

E'LIMATE (iSmatum, L.) to fik, is 
polifl^ to fmooth. 

ELINGUA'TION, a cutting wt tk 
tongue, L* . 

ELIPTOinDES (Mathem4t,) an infiBitt 

ELIX'IR (with Mbfmifis) the politer of 
pro$e£tion or philofbpher*s ilone. 

Grand ELIXIR, ait imivci^ medkioe 
that will cure all difeafea* 

ELIXIV'IATED t\n Chymfry) ckirtl 
fmm the HxiviuM or lye 

ELKL (elc. Sax. mke^ L. ti aXnT, Or. 
flrfngth)a ftrong, fwift beafl, astallatahoiit 
, and in fhape like an hart, bearing two voy hi|e 
horns bending towards the back, andsitk 
elephant ( having no joints in his fae-fc|9r 
with which he fightt, and not with his tMrai | 
they fieep leaning againfk trees ; tbef sK 
found in the fbrefb of Prvffia and elfewlict- 

ELK {OU lUt»A) a kind of yev« 
make bowa of. 

ELt (eK Sm..Mhe,f, mht, L.) aiiw. 
fare containing the EngUf> eD } fiwtf incH 
the FUmifhy 2 fbet c Inches. 

ELLEBORl^KE, the hesb Neefev^ 
Sanicle. L," PNn, 

E L L I P 'SIS (with itt*f«fiff«')' ■ «««» 
wherein fome part* of a dHsowrfe^'s left ^ 
or r^trepcMy «&d by a petfon wha ir ia .^ 
violent a paiTiOf^ that he caonet'lpeik» 
that he would fay, his tongue beiag too m 
to keep pace with his paffion. 

ELLIPTICAL Sfaai.k the aiea «8- 
tained within the circamffereaee of a «w*^ 

ELLIPTICAL. Ctmid, b the Oae »» 

ELLIPTOl'DES (of Ixxi4<c vA s^"^^ 
form) an infinite ellipfit, i. e. aa dfipW de- 
fined by the equation *jrai-f'*»*'* 
(a^^^) Hf wherein m > I. and* > «• 

ui O^rVtf/ELLlPTOID, ai « J**'» 

* %*A/rtf/« ELLIPTOI©, orid^^ 
order, wherein «jf 4 =a * J6 • («^-*) » *•"" 
^\(o furdcfolidal EUiff'id, ;; , . 

^LOb'VTlON, theduj(iag and sdar«J 
words and fcmtences to the- thing* » *•"' 
raciitt to be exprc^. Crwr*, 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 




ItOCimOM (with RBetmaans) confifti 
ii aft cxpreAoo^ and a beaodfiil order of 
jiMiBg of vonb, to which may be added an 
k«n«uoot car to form t mufical cadence, 
vhkk has no fmall tSc€t upon the operatiooa 

ELOHGATA (m Ltfw) a return of the 
Acriff^ that cattk are not to be found, or are 
Kavftd fo hx that he cannot make delire- 
lioce, 9fc. 

ELONGATION (with Stfrgeem) a kind 
tf uipafcd dbjotnting, when the ligament 
of a jobt is ftrctched and extended, hut not 
ft tbat the bone foet quite out of its place. 

ELOWENT {dofuetu, L.) that hat a 
' #«riDod grace in fpeaJdng ; well fpolcen* 

ELKKiyENTNESS (thfaatia, U) elo- 

£tUirBAT£D(«Arm^M, L.} made 
hmt m hit loina. 
ELUSCATlON, bkar^yedoeft or pnr* 

EUTSIONy the aa of erading or fender- 
IBgathfaigTaia or of no ttft€t i a dexterous 
Iffing dnr or efcaping out of an affair, a 
dttca lqr> a n cmbarraa. L, 

EUlliOJtlNESS (of efufttius, L.) aptne(s 
la cM^ ^pflCng qoality. 

SLUZ'ATED {ebtx4ntn^ U) wreiiched, 
Ifoiiedy pirt o«t of joint. 

ELYS'IAN, betoogiqg to the El^an 

ELTStAN ndit (^ rit xJ«»f, Gr.) 
i c Uationy i. r. the pitting ofFlhe chains 
af tkbody) m ccrtam parafifeof delighthal 
yavai and finUbg meadowt, into which the 
beatheaa hcld« dbat the Ibola.of gpod men 
|iied after death. '* « 

£LYT&OI*D£S (of ihrrfctihlf, of ixu- 
«pi» iftaath, andflDi^, Gr: fbnni the fe- 
cand fnper eoBt» which Immediate^ wnpa 
ipar cMcn Iho tcfticle^ and is called «tf^- 
leb^ or *e vagiaal tonide. 

lMA'NANT(MMa»f, L.) HTuhig or 

EIIAR'OJNATED (nM. JBet^mfts) cut 
ia or indented after a manner hi the form of 
a hearty or hating the fliatgin hottowed in.- 

EMBAITMA (ifstf^ufsa, Gr.) any Ibrt 
ef larfM amint» or iauce^ good to create ap- 

EMBARCADEltE (oi^thecoaftsof >d^. 
m*) a place that Imoi foac inland eity for 
i pert ar piece of ftfpping. 

EMBAA^Oy a ftpp or erraft of Atpt^ a 
■ttaiat or prohibitleii impolod by a forereigtt 
e> aierchant- lUpe^ to prevent their gmng out 
tf port 6r a iia» hmicedy and fometimea 
w coming itt. 

£U'BRIMOjD«/i, thalaimu BmBtr 

^MBEZ'ZLBMENT, a ffoiliiit or wall- 


EMBLEMAT'ICALNESS (f^Cxn/urt, Ck. * 
emUematical quality, enigmatical quality. 

EMBLEMENTS {of emhUvma de Med, 
/'. e, com fpruag or put out above ground) . 
fignifies properly the promts of lands fown \ 
alfo the profits that arife naturally from the 
ground^ asgrsfs, fruits, (^e. 

EMBGLIS'MIC, intercalary. 

EMBOLUS (with Naturml Philofiphtrt) 
the fucJcer of the pump or fy rioge^ which 
when the fucker of the pipe of the fyringe is 
dofe ftopt, caflsot be drawn op without the 
greateft difficulty, and having been fbrcsed up 
by main ftrength, and being let go« will re* 
turn again with great violence. 

EMBOS'SING, the art of forming or 
fifhioning works in rtUmo, whether they be ■ 
caft or moulded, or cut with a chiilel. 

EMBRACE'MENT {embraffmni^ F.) lA 
embracing, 6r that whkh embracet. 

EMBROCA'TION (of jfc^o^^ of i/s- 
C(s;^v> Gr. to foak in) aibaking or fieep* 

BMBROCHE' ($i*^x^, Gr.} a kind of 
deco£ljon dr ]otion> wherewith tike part af* 
fe£ted having been firA bathed^ is afterwards 
bound np with linnen cloths dipt in it» L, 

Tc EMBROl'DER of m and iroder, F.) 
to work embroidery. 

EMBROroERER (of «0i and brodatr, F.) 
fuch a worker. 

EMBROIDERERS arase iacorpaiated 
about Aimo 1561. Their armorial enfings ai« 
palee of iix, argeitt and Jat>U on a feia g/uJet 
between 1 lions of Efigland, 2 broches fa) tire- 
ways between as many trundles or 3 the fop* 
porter 2 lions or. 

To EMBROIL {bouiUtr, F.) to difhirb, to 
confofe, io diftrad^ to throw into conasso* 
tion, to involve in troubles by diffenfion ac4 

EMBROFDERY {brodiirt^ F.) the work* 
ing'fiowersj &<. with a needle on clpth^ 

Aft EMBROf'L {^mirmiiUtmetft, F,) an 
cflDrbarraiTment, perplexity, trouble. 

EM'BRYO rwith Botamjtt) the moft ten* 
^fietui or bod of a f Unt^ whofe parts ar^ 
forcibly difpofed to dili>iay^ 

EMBRYO (HietogfyfSicanf) was by the 
andeots reprefented I7 a frog, 

EM'BRYe^ATE, of or pertaining to an 
em^o )' alio that is yet but in embryo. 

EMBRYORES'TES 7 (of li^Civcv, 

Or, to break j (of s/^C^X^riK^ of s^C^sv 
and ^^m, Gr. to break) a forgeon*s mftru- 
ment, with which they break the bones of a 
dead child, may the more eafily be ex-^ 
traAed out of the womb. 

To EMEMWATB [trntmhrare^ L.) ttf 

EMEtfl>ABLE (tmtndahilh^t.) that (nay 
be mended. 

Tg EMXRGE {oittriire, L.) w rife np 
Z s ' ^ out 


•Qt of t&t Wktet, dfc. to come Mt, to ap- 

EMER'GENCE (of murzire, LA a thing 
that happens foddenly j an onexped^d circum- 
ftance of affaln. 

EMER'GEKT Tear (in Chronology) » tht 
SpoebM or date wherein we begin to tccoont 
our time^ aa the birth of our Savionr. 

EMEROENT'NESS (of tmtrgmu L-) 
emergency, cafualnels. 
EMERSE (imerfits, L.) rirep op or oot of. 
EMERSION^ properly an iiTutng or com- 
log oot from under water, 

EMERSION (with PbUofiphert) the rifing 
of any folM above the forface of a fluid fpe- 
cHicalijr lighter than itielf» into which it had 
b^ violently immerged or thruft. 

BMERY, a neulune ftony fuhftance found 
in noft or all miaes> that yfeU metal> hut 
nora efpcdally iq thofe of gold, filver and 

The ofe of it ity.that bebg mixed with 
oil it dcatit and polifliet aoy iron ware> mar- 
hle» &c^ 

There ar« three ibrts of % vm. Spsni^ 
Jlod and Commit, ThtSfimiA it found in 
^ the gold mioet of the W^Amditi : the fe- 
cond to the copper mineiy and the third in the 
|fOQ mmesy whMrlaft ia moft generally ofed \ 
it is of a broirni/h red colour, and is lo vepr 
ha^d that it ii very har4to reduce it to a pow- 
BMIlfEKi^S \ a title of honour ^ven 
3MINENCY \ to cardinals, as bong 
ibore honouraVie than excellency, fhis title 
was conferred upon them by a decree of pope 
Vrban VIII. hi the year 1638. 

EMINEN'TIAL o^tiw (in 4fs^^) % 
cerm ufed in mveftigatioo qf ^he areas of cur- 
vilineal figures, in called becat^fe it is an arti* 
llcial eqaation, w)uch contahis another c^ua<^ 
tion eminently. 

EMINENTfER (/Ud^ff«/term) is ofpd 
in the fame fenfe with wtudliter in oontr^- 
diiHnftioo to firmaiittr, u e* when a tiling 
poffefles an^ thing in a higher m^ncr Uua a 

formal pofleffioo 

EMMENAtOGI'A (of t/xfi^U and 
Xiy^t QL) a trotilc of the Mmmtaia* 

EMMpr^A (of y^iwpth ^'•) womeos 

, EMWETy an ant or pifmire, by refUon of 
its rtfl-dbt paifis it taJcu to lay up its winter 
ilorep of p^pfilioo hi the fummer time, makes 
it generally taken lor the emblem of Jodulby. 

E'MISSARY ofmgUkd (AMtmf) is the 
common conduit, canal or PeMsf in which 
all the little iecretory canau of a gland do 

BrMlSS^RY {im/srim^.U omfjkire, F.) 
t fcout, a fpy, 9t, p trafty able dexterous 
perfon^ hnt ooder-hand to found the fenti- 
tnents and defigns of another } to make fi»me 
propofak to him, or to watch actions and 
iRCtioos^ CO fprcad jrepoits, to favour a coa- 


traxY party in order to make advoatifn of all. 
EXiIS'SION, the ad of throwmg or driv- 
mg a thing out, or fending forth, particoltfl^- 
a fluid from withu ootwaids. 
EMISSITIOUS {emiOtiM, t.) call ooC 
EMMEKALOGPA (of ofiifmm. asi4 
Uy^, Gr. difcourfe) a difcoorfa or tseatUc 
concenuBg womena menfei, 
EMMUSELLE' (in HtraUry) monled. 
EMODULATION a .finging in meafuvo 
and proportion, Z» 

EMOLUMENT {ewutUmutum, L«> aa 
aflbaging or foftening. * 

EMOLLITION, the iame as enoUimcBt* 

EMOLUMENT {emohmmittm, L.).|««>r 
perly gain arifing from the grift of a com-iniU} 
aUb profit gotten by labour and colt. 

EMPA'LEMENT (with|7ari)^i) orflowcf^ 
cup, ia thofe green ieavea,- which eovcr tho 
petals of the utmoft part of the flower of a 
plant, which enooqapaflea the foliation of the 
attire, being defigoed to be a guaid and bond 
to the flower, where it is ufoak and tender y 
and for that reafon thofe plants which luve 
flowers, with a firm and flroog bafis, as tulips^ 
&e. have no empalemeat. 

To EMPAN'NEI^ (oi m foA pmmU\ to 
^ down t)ie na^mea of the jury-moo la a 
fchedule of parchment or ibll of p^per by the 
flieriflT, after he has fiimmooad t^on to ap- 
pear for the perfitfmaaco of t|^ ierrice so- 
qnlrcd of them. 

EMPAR'^- ANCE (of f^rhr, P, fo fpcak) 
a petition cr motion made hi coort for a paofe* 
or day of refoite, tS cpniidet wM is beft to 
be done ^ or tor the deifeadaot to pot ia hi« 
anfwer to the plaintive ^fchM^tioa. 

JgMPAS'TfNG (m Paiwu9g) t^ bybg 
olr of colour thick and bold. 

EMTEROR (with th^ old iloaM} tht 
common name of their geacrai | bat e^ed- 
ally of a general^ who after having obcaia'd 
fome nou^je viAoiy, w|is iirft fainted Imfe^ 
rotor hy the fi>ldiei7 ^ whkh was ftofOeiitiy 
confirmed afterwaids by the £aiate % bat fi 
proceis of time it came to be fpply'd to ab. 
ibiote moaarchs oi^y. 

In Eurtf* it is prindpally ufed of the pda. 
cipal magiftrate, as of Gtrmamy and RMjm cr 
ioMfpnfj } and is commonly tuppoi*d to give 
them Uie pre(;edciice of kings and all other 
ibvercigna, and that they have the right of 
confinrring the renl dignity, and advandrg 
dukedoms mto kusgdoms, aa was done by 
Leopold the emperor, as to the kui|dom of 

l^ntffm I and in' ancient times the kugs both 
of EngUndijaA Frence, bore the titles of &• 
peratortt, 1. #. of emperors, 

EM'PH ASIS (m kbttorick) a figure whea 
a Ucit fignificatioo is given to aaoida, or when 
more is fignified than exprd&d. 

E MP HA TIC ALNESS (of f/«to'na^« 
Gr. ) cmphat:$al qaaUty. 

EMPHRACTlCkS (ifHt^**, Gr.) me- 


MwtlBt Vf thtirdMMBiiftfi io|f tfat pom 

EMPHVSODES Fdris (whh FMtiam) 
% velieflienC heat ia faverffy wttck cauftf p«(. 
Inks ind inflammadon in the mouth, L. 

EMPHyS^EMA (with $mr^m») a Und 
if (welliBf , whoeiA wis^ if c«Maiaiedy nrfth 
a littie ikinoT phlegm. 

EMPHITTEUTA 7 sfbiantYhatreAts 

EMPHYnrEUTESS 5 land on c<iiulUoll 
iBpianir. * 

KUPSYTEUSIS fiotfatfCM/ Lm) a 
Mttiaa nade bv confedr^ bat crttitU bf the- 
Jmm law, and not dte lavr tff aatkmi ) \y 
vhidb hotffca or lands-Aall te ifflprt>¥ed« and 
dbtta Cmall ytcrly tentihaUb* paid t» the 

IMPHYTEVTICK (^ihpMn^t^.Ot.) 
ftt Mt Co fariB* 

BMPHYTONTlMtoii fwitfti^tffxf «/{»«) 
Iha «aiSr faMtat «r innate hebt, ^hich tliey 
iipfift to bcLpMduccd in # Miitf ift the womb 
km the 5Mm of the patente^ whicll af- 
twatdi otfca^ ifld cteaiet by ucHieeaj When 
wiffktsaetk it begaa, and the FVrftrt fobUfts 
ifiiftlf. This heat it bv fbole fiatimliftf 
iiiri an /aatfif and mmmr^i SpfPtf. ^kh they 
h^ft ik to coofill df three pttrts,> «r«. of a 
fmmftmsi mtijtwf*^ an iwMM j[^^V and 

BMPIIIB (of imfmum^ L.) it piopei^ 
«9r large eitaic or eolmtI7^lldertfaejttri^• 
MiM of a fingie perfon. Gtnunf wat in 
AeTcar too advanc'd to the dipiity of an 
eBfire by pope Li9 lU. who placed the 
•om opOB the head of CbarHmaigm, toge- 
tMf wHli the title ot emperor* 

MPIR1CA Mitdidm, qiiaekin| or pre- 
IMbgtothecaiieofdirealesbygiiett, with- 
«K enfldering the nature of the dfiftafej or of 
AemeiiciBcs made nfe of ftr iti corej hot 
#epeaaiBg Indrelf on the anthori^ of cx- 
perienc'd nMdicinef* 

EMPIlllGALKESS, ouackiftnefa. 

EMPLASTICK (m^l^nt, U of i/a- 
*^«cipk> Of') claimnf, ftick:tng, dofing, 

EMPLASTRUM (ifMfiuic^t£tfA9\Ar% 
« tftmXm^^tt, Ou to pot in a aaft or do 
•nt) a pUifler or fahre^ a medidne of a itift^ 
ghnkoai confil(cnce« comp^ed of divert fim- 
fle Ifigiredientt Ijnead on Jeather, finnenj ^e, 

EMPLASTERED (of tf^irXt^rr^ Or.) 
done rr danbed over with plaiter or plaften. 

EMPLECITON tfus (in Arcbitiffure) a 
•ofk kojc and cooched together} properly 
when tht Aooei of a baUding are fo Ikidy 
that their front and bade part axe fmooth, bat 
tbcir infide toogh or onbewnj that they may 
Hke the better Md one of iliotber, L. of Or. 

EMpLor i('^er» ^' ) »*^fi- 

EMPLOYMENT fnefi, occopatioo, feTc. 
EMPRESS, the wife of an emperor. 
EMPROSTHOTONl'A (ffi3r^>5rx«(i, 

of* iy»«|^«r9ifi holbfe^ and *nUtfs ^ hntch^ 
Gr.^aconvuliunof th«aaek> ¥4ikh dAwtf 
the head forwatda. 

EMP^IO 9tnditw (hi Civil tau\ that 
contra^U by confentonly» which we caU boy* 
ing and fcUingj whciel^ the idler it bound to 
ddrver the goodly and the buyer to pay thf 
price of them accordhig to the bargain. 

£MPn;iN£SS (cmtuiejrirei Sa»,)ywaBSif, 
being, void. 

EMPa*IOIT9 rtHftltHtt^ L.) Ait whidl 
mray be bought, faleable. 

EMP'TlVB(flMpr/o»r, L.)boag|itof hirid. 

EMPYREVMAT*ICAL, of or pertain* 
ing to an empyreiima. 

EM'ROre, the hmt at JUemonHMg 
which fee. 

EMULATOR, one ttot ftrives to eqial 
or excd inoiber ; dib one that enviti ^• 
ther's cKcellence. 

EMUL'^Eirr jfrtain (ilrlth jtHotmiJIs) 
two Ijiige arteries, which arife fnttn the de* 
(bendldg trunk of the Aorta, and are infert^ 
ed to the kidneyt, and carry the blood wttk 
the humour adkAfinm to theA. 
* EMVL'dENT mm (with ^tf/eart^l^ 
two vdng arifing from die yilki catfa, and in« 
farted to the kidney, which bring back tks 
blood, &c,^ after the firum Is ftparated ftom 
it by the kidneyi . 

EAftTLOUS (<e»aAtf, L.]ftriv!ng,toeK« 
cd I alfo envious. 

EM^ULOUSNESS (^mulatic, t.) ein«<^ 

E'NACI^ (in tbepraaidc of SttUmd) ft. 
tif fa^ion for any crime or fault. 
' £NAL'LAG£(ii«XX«>^ofiy«X|^i7iiy»Or« 
to change) a changing. 

EMALLAGE (with Rhhricfmn) a figuw 
whereby we change and invert the order of the 
termt in a difcourie againft the coqamoo nilet 
of language. 

£K ALL AGE (with Grdmmariata) a change 
eidier of a pronoun or a verb, aa- wheft n 
pOJOTdfive ia put for a relative, Juut for tjm^ 
or wlien oAe m6od or ten(e la put for another. 

To EI^AMEL (en«f/, ir.) z. To iniay; 
bo variegate with colouri. 
Sed Pan with (lockt, with fnika Fomom 

crown*d ; / 

tlere blufliing Flora paints th* enamellMground, 

2. To lay upon another body fo as to vary it 4 .- 
Higher than that wall, a circling row *^ 

Of goodli^ft trees, loaden with falreft froit, 
Blouom's, and fruits at dnce of golden hue, 
Appeifed with gay tnamelki colours miz*d. 
Jlf//N Par, L^. 
ENAMEL. I. Any thing eaamdled, or 
variegated with colours' inlaid. 
Down/rom her eyes weUed thepearlcs round, 

•Upon toe bright name I of her' face J 
Such honey droos on fpringing flowers are found , 
When Pbeeiui holds the criafoh morn ia 
ch^Ue, TairfMx^ 

^' *To 


%© IHAMOVR («fMr, P.) to 

OrihouldilK» coafidenty 
At ficdng queesi adoTd tti beauty*! throne, 
DeTcciia vn^ all her wjiuiing charmf begiity 
T* tntmntr, at the tone of Venoa once 
Broo|bt that elTea oo Jo?c» fe fablee tdh 
Milt, Par. X^* 

Wm 1W« a vefiel, /mM^, mloftc, and #vie^ 
i(ped, Gr.) a term ufied of a pbat tha has b«t 
«oe iBglc feed in its feod-teSel. 
^ EKCAUSTES (f yM^V, <>rO an tbam- 
sicflcr, that engraves with &re« L, 

To ENCAMP' (of in and tsmftr, V.) to 
Sors a caiDp> 

ENCAtTTHUS (b 5af|«7) a tvmMr of 
Ihc CaruntuU UfrymaUt^ hi thegieat caathva 
in tfie' angle of the eye. 

ENCl'PHAUtofivUi,^ wM^^iki^Ox. 
d» head) worma generated to the lleid. 

ENCHEIAPSIS (of ^Myxf^wif, Or.) a 
^kiog in hand toperrormy an attempt* 

ENCMIRt'SIS (a^xiif^W* Or.} the aa of 
trndertahing, a fettmg abont any thing, L» 

ENCHIRtriON (ir^iif of i» and x•2^ 
Gc the hand) a manoalor fmall Toiome that 
Aiay be cartied about in one*B liand { a pocket^ 

ENdENTE (in FmlificMtM) a wall or 
lampart, iiirnwnding a place fometimes con- 
■ofed of 1|aftiont and cnrtaint, either ^Kod or 
Bned with brick or ilone, or only made of 

" BNCLmCKS (with Orammarians) con* 
jundUons, ib called becaofe they incline or 
iitt back the accent to the fyUaUe before 
going, ai fm, nr, ««> in Latin, whkh are 
joined to the end of other woida, as indaStf" 
ftiipiiit, difcivt, trocbivt, ft'fi'h Hor. 

ENCLOSURE felotari, t.) a place cn- 
clofed. or encompadbd with a ditch, hedge, 

' ENCyCLOPi«Dl'A {tmtjcU^a^ L. 
of i}«imXMrajh£», of IV in, a^iiX^, a circle, 
and va«)|i«f Or. learning) a circle or chain of 
all (fences and arfs. 

END'ABLE (of eolto, Za», and aUt\ that 
maybe ended. 

To £NDAM'MAGEt««/0w«tf£rr, F.) to 
do damage, to hurt. 

EKDEN'IZONED (of diuaifm, F. JMf«- 
^ p«vBi'\ enfranchifed, i^mitted or taken Into 
the mimber df dcniaens or freemen. ^ 

ENDIT£'MENT, is moch the fame in 
fommon law^ as accufatie is in the citiI* See 

E'KDIVE {indivia^ t.) an hetb. 

END'tESS (of enVleffe, SaM.) without 

END'MOST, with the end foreraoft. 

ENERGET'ICAL Far tie/a {viith Pbihfi- 
fJLers) /. e, fucb particles 6r bodies which are 
<i0iiq<prl^ jiftlve, and produce inanifeit ppera* 

. EN ■ 

tioM of diiSseiit oatanib idcording to tb^ 
▼arioQs drcnmftances or motions of thofv 
bgdics or particles* 

ENERGETICALNESS (of mgytnuik^ 
Gr.) energy. 

ENERGUfMENUS (with DMan) a term 
oM cp ignliy a pecfon poflefiiBd with tlas 
datii or an eril fpirit. 

ENER'^ATSDNESS (af McrvMf, L.) 

E^NEYA (ih the praaick of Stmkad) tW 
principal ^rt of an inhctitance, tihldi de» 
Icenda to thceldaft ibo. 

EKFANS FtnUu {pd. lifi cbsUftm) OiJt 
foldiert who match at the head of a body of 

foroesy appointed to faftain th«n» in ord 
make an attack, begin an aflaolt, 9te. 

EN/GINE (in a /gmrmi^ fenft) an «m^ 
fice, contriTance or detrice, F. 
ENOntEE'RY, the alt of an engineer 
BN^LAND (BnMaOb or enMeokaity, 
54M.) be(bie called JntMi, toal^ Ss name of 
the Jii^kit AagU or AagiB (aa they wen 
called by ^jcifw) who were part of the Smtm^ 
abnnchof theCMrffj aodib of thefimae 
ordinal with die Sa»«M. Gct^as Baoamtia 
derives their name ftom ^tUa or .^Zoe 
fifli-hdbka, becaofe they m&bited near th« 
fea«Aose ; but this Iseme both forced aai 
trilling. Others^ as Cambdea, Vtrfeiftat dicc« 
dedve it foom 'sralat an angle, comer or ymr- 
row neck of boi^ their ancieot cooatry near 
Sltfm'fk. Mr. ^smims deduces it' from aa^ or 
tag, whkh m the Ttat. fignifies a narrow or 
ilraight place, and hereupon condodes, that 
the JiagiH or AagH wen i6 caUed becmifa. 
they inhabited the ftrait paflagBS in the moun* 
tainons parts of drmaty | and to confim it, 
alledgis that Aagkvm in Fmarama waa fo 
named from the ai^kt that are fitoated in 
fiich itorow paffes. Othen derive the noflM 
from Xsg« and Knp^ a fon of W^dta^ the 
great progenitor of the PiagUJb SoMta king*. 
The poAtfinr of which i^a were caUo^ Jb- 
gUagar or Inglimt, who feema to have been 
maSe by Ms fither jdng of that pait pf the 
Soivif which afterwards from their firft king 
called thfiBaiclves lajfkfih or LigBnsi and it 
is certahv that the fyxaatint hiftoriana, /Vi- 
cttai and Cadimu^ caUed the Jingli *lxyXMMs» 
i. e. AagSm or Juglim, 

Bngtaadk the beft and laigeft pait of the 
ifland called Great- BritatMy which ia divided 
into tptinapal paits, vias. England, Sfilaad 
and fralut which lafl, the moft fouthem, if 
parte4 from Set land by the riveiv Ttaeed and 
Solway, and from part pf fyaiu by (he Hvef 

Widi rclatioa to other countriea it is bound- 
ed eaftward by the German Ocean, which fe* 
parates it from the low oountries | (buthward 
by the channel, which divides it Irum Fraaa } 
ind weftward by the Jrijb fea. or St, Gtargt*% 
channel, which parts it from Ireland i being 
in -kngdi fipm north to foQth> vf». from 



f^inrick wfcnTwetdto Pmfimih ia ttm^' 
Jbire 320 miks ; and in breadth from D9ver 
to tk laadi end from eaft to weA S30 mflu j 
•od as to its latitodt Ilea between 50 and 57 
dcpeetof north latitude. The hmgeft day in 
the anthem parts is upwards of 17 hours; 

The name of Britain was given it by a 
•i^sdal WDclamation of £g^en, the firft ibte 
Bonsrch of EarUtulBnet the Heptaichy. 

In tfaeieii^ or ka%A^r§d, about 8co years 
acD^ it was firft divided into (hires and omu^ 
cici, which are now 40 in nomber, «;& 18 
■sridflBe, and ss inland, m>ft of which taJte 
their aamesfrom their lefjieQive diief towns. 

The omatiy is fenerally flat and opeBy not 
l uBiu w u with wild and unwholTome fotcib^ 
isr oisr topped with dieadral high omnio* 
Inm } no coontiy is firecr from hurtful and 
Mmoas healkfy venomous ferpenlSi and flid- 
Itm flics and vcnnine. 

It is weO watered with the riven ThamMj 
ikdtMj, Sitmrn, <hdi, TreM, HMmhr, Ihiy 

fv fcod no conntry Is more ^entifhfj dtber 
«f eon or palture for man or beaft, nor of 
mt aoi fmall catde, both for meat and 
nbour, aid the fca and rivers jield treat a. 
t n risnce .ef excellent fiih } fior cloths thrr 
htve the heft of vroolkn manu&6hireSj vaft 
^nacilies of which aitf exported all over the 
verid ; the timber, efpcdally for IMpping, the 
left a the wosld i its vesetaUe and mineral 
fnMSoan ate not only fatjicient for its own 
■fc| but it csporta mofc lead than afi J|an^ 


The air hideed is for the m«^ part graft 
■ri bipitgnaied with the faltnefi or the fea» 
from whence arife the greateft inconveoien- 

The weather is changeable and irregnhir } 
Ittlbrthemoft part doudy and ndny, efpe- 
My at the faU of the leaf and winter. 

IMCLAND, isb)LibmethuachanaeiiEcd« 
^ a panafife to women, a pmpitory for 

ENG01IASI 7 tyyiy^is. Or. a bbwhif 

nOOHASIS 5 of the knee) a northern 
natiiilniiBu, confifting of about 43 fbrs» 
ftcanedfivm thefigom repiefcnted on the 
aUbd. globe of HerttUet bearing upon his 
i%ht knee, and endeavouring to bniile a dra- 
fsa^ahcad with his leflc foot. 

ESCRAVlNGy the ait of working upon 
teei or metals, ib as to make any figures 
^ NfiTainiidoni of men, beafN;i flowen^ 

The ancients were very fiimoas lor this ait 
•foa ivecious ftones, cornelians, cryibls, ^e. 
■ Aill is to be feen on many ezqui6te pieces 
^ voiJcmanfhIp now remaining' in the cabi- 
>tts of the curious ; but this art hqr buried 
hr maay centuries, till the revival of fcalp* 
<«e sod painting in itaif, 

Ite cagrsving on predoot Aoncs began to 
Hfcvagiini hot CUM nor tt^jperioaifA till 

the bef^niof of the j 5th century, 
one yohfd€C9migii^f§kt diFlortmet lenderad 
himJelf famous for engnving cornelians co* 
riouily. The engravmg on wood and copper 
was not found out in Bunpe, unieis to a wttf 
mean degree, till after the invention of print- 
ing, being brought to.a tolerable peffedHoa 
by Albert Burtr^ and Litcat, 

BNGY'SCOPE {tngifit^ium^ L. ^StyyC^f 
near, and amwilimt Or. to behold) an voAr^ 
ment for the viewfaig dt fmaU bodies mors 
diftin€Uy} ib called, becaufe it brings the eye 
much nearer to them, ib as th caofe them to 
appear, as having larger parts and dimenlions| 
the &me as a microfcope. 

ENHARMO'NIC Mtfidt, apaiticniaf 
manner of tnrpiflg the voice, and difpofing 
the intervals with luch art, that the mebdy 
becomes more modog. The laft of the three 
kinds of mufick nfed by the andentS| and 
abonndinginiTM^or^iriP^. SecCrmaiick 
and Distwielu 

ENHARMONICAL Diefiu (In Bdu/kkYh 
the difeence between the greater and lefle* 

ENIGM ATlCALLY(of M^siT^^m^ O.) 
by way of riddle. . % 

ENMES'MERIS (ivNa^eiv, Gr.) a gtam« 
matical figure in Latin 9si\Gr€tk veiie, which 
is a C^fnrn after the fboith foot In the nintU 
fyllahlf of the veric, which odd fyUable end- 
ing the wotdy helps to make the next foot 
with the fbUowiog word, as in this verfe. 

to* Utus m9tmm moBifukta iyadntbo. 
In which all the fonr bnnches of the Otfitrir 
are found, ae TnmmeHM, ^ Fentbmemviip 
Utptbi meme r i s and Emmnewnnt. 

£|^NO'IU.£M£NT,a makii« noUei alfo 
a bdog ennobled or made noble. 

ENOR'MOUSNESS {*M»mtst, L.) hei* 

ENOR'THROSIS (of iv^Mfmc, or ri« 
ther bfd^f^tf, Or.) a kind of^looie joining 
of the bones. 

ENRAGE^PKESS, a great rag^. 

ENRICH'MENT (U^nfKtir, the being 

ENROL'MENT (of t'air»Her, F.) ancn* 
rolling, QTr. 

ENS (in a PlnhM>ica! fenfe) a being, 
whatever has anykmd of eiuAence. 
' ENS (in Mttafbjifidtt) is appded b its mofb 
general lenfe to every thing that the mind 
any way apprehends { and whereof it affirms 
or denies, proves or difproves any thing. 

ENS Raiimis (with ScUo!mtn) an ims^- 
nary^.thing or cteatute of the brain, whkii 
cxiOs 00 where but in the onderftanding of 
imagination, I>. 

ENS Primmm (thefirfl pr chief eiXence ac- 
cording to the Paractlfians) the iboft effica- 
cious part of anf natural mixt body, cither 
ammaJ^ minemi a ^figttnkft, which they pre- 
tend to be able to feparstn from them,, and 
by themt^ perf^nm wonderful things for thn 


ftijbfvlac waA eeftoritg of yondiy Li 
. BNSr<Mrv< (tbt bdaf or eOimoft of f% 
iwi, i. «, copper) a fiiblimottoa of e^ml porfi 
^ (^^mr rrirM/ cokiiwd to a dark ooloor, 
and Sal AnmmaH into a yeUow floor, L, 

ENS (in PMkki) in a leis general ienle, 
fignifiat femotliiAg that exiftt ibno way far- 
ther than in being conceivod or bdng cat>aUe 
vf'heinc pOlrcdved in the ntindy which is 
called Rnt P^thnm or Jtuth, 

ENS (hi Fktrmatf, *c.) a temi ofed of 
tomt thingt thajt aio prepeoded to contain all 
the qoalhiet o^vixtnet.of the ingredient they 
gie dimwa .frooL in a little room. 

ENSf in kt proper or reftrahied fenfe, it 
diat towhkh there are real attrihutei helong- 
fng, or that whioh.hai reality not only Ja the 

70 ENSAI'N (with F4&*Mr<) to pnige t 
tark or ftkon from Jier gilut and grew;. 

ENSEMBLE, together, of with one aao* 
ther, F. 

Tmt ENSEMBLE (Sn ArthitxRurt) of a 
MIding, thft .whole work and compofitioa 
confldered together, and not in pacts. 

£K&HJtlfN£D(of cnandrriiin, Su». 
€jirh, F» fcrinium^ L. a deik or coflfer) pr^- 
ferved b a AriAeot^cnfferf aa aholy or faored 

ENSTAO^ME^iT (of on and p^yUan, or 
p«al, £tf«.) a creation of a Knight of the 
garter, dfc or the cetemony of it* 

ENTAB^LAMENT 7 (fai AxbittSurt) 

ENTAB'LATU|LE 5 VitfuvM .and 
i7fff0/ir called k Qmnmm% it figntfieS'the 
^hitrtc^^. JFr^fasi and C»mice together. 
Othen ctU it Tralkuiimf aai it ii difoentm 
diffisren^ orders. The wooU am honrawed 
Irom Tahulatwm ia Laiiu, j. «, eieltng, he* 
cauie the freese it fnppofed to beibrmcd^hy the 
end of the Jot'fit, which heart upon the Ar* 
thitrmfe. It fa alfo nfcd for the . laft mw of 
ftooet.on the top of the wall of a boiJdiiig, 
whereon the timber and the cor eriag reft. 

ENTELECHr A {iwUxfa, of nnkif and 
Wx^f, hh««) ihe.hkman jnital or fmil, fo 
called by jirtftot/e, as being the peifcdionof 
mtitfo, «n4 prbdpJe of uK^tion. The an- 
cient commenutors on Arifiotk interpieted 
frrtXfWfi, by nArr, L. m^aniDg by that a 
kind or fttbftantial form, by which tfOion is 
ptodoced hi the body. But the oiodeena n»- 
deirftood by wrrO^x*^ foct of oontinoed and 
perpetnal nMvtion and fit modification of mat* 
teJ^ which qualifies the whole to be aUe to 
perform fuch a£b at are proper to it. . 
' To ENTER (in CarfMry) it to let the 
tenon of a piei e ol ttaber into the mortife of 

To ENTER sJkipiSia Tirm) to boaid her. 

ENTEROCE'L ICK(c«r»rWf a/,L. ) troub- 
led with the mptore called Bnttroceli. 

ENTERO ifydnmpbakt^^ Jrrt;«»,r.«l»^ 
4»t«^sc> Or.) a ktrid of Exog^ha/uf where- 
to* befidct a jUrpiacif^ftod banthipgt^atof'iht 

tJMdHaei thaitka deal of watery] 

colIeQed along wttfc it. 

ENTERPLEAD^ER (in OvU Imp) fa 
called ConitU pr^jmditialit, 

Ta ENTERS {/mtntr, F.) to infeerr, to 
bury. . 

ToENTHAL'AMIZE (mbtim»z€n,L.) 
to bring a bridagroom and biide to their bride- 

ENTHrATED (utthiOMU L.) U and 
^t^ Gr.) infpiied by God. 

r« ENTHRAL'. See to iari(r«/: 
. ENTHV/SIASM {tntbufiafinfis, L. of 
.iiAvr4«i(y«c(, of a»d«riik{>, Gr. to inspire) a 
fropltetiek; or peetick rage orfafx, whch 
ttto(po|tt the mind, ratfiet end eaflanet the 
imagination, and nakei it think and exprcfi 
th&fl^ estmofdinaiy and fitfprifing. Hot .the 
word, is ^fneially . apply'd t» thofe petfiBea wha 
pretend to have dirine rovefadon tofappaa 
iamt tidiciitoat or ahfurb natfane k icllgioai 
afiafas, aad.thrf«hydifcard^fcafiin and Mp- 
ture rerelation, fobftituting in the roan thei#- 
of th^ groondlefr fandet and wfaiafical iflu- 
ginatioot of aicher a .defigoed ifipoftofeora 
dUWmptied brain $ nfiag SDOiathiica aatiaw 
gant woidft and ^ticatet. 

fr«a^ Gr.) in an enthofiaftical aaanner. 

J&N'THyjMBM(ia/il^fMM,L. pd^MUMi 
of lyd^iU^i, Qr. tocoAfoiva in. the vmA\ 
a oooceptioa or.idea of the ^niod. 

ENTHYMEN 4wkh tUHforiamm) fa wbei 
the conqlu^log feotfeiiQe oonfifta of cantraritb 

ENTICING, alluring, drawing in. 

ENTIBfl'TY {tmitrU^, F.) {UmWiri) 
intirenaTs, or the whole, aaitfttngaiflMd ftm 
ipoiety orhiJfy.F. 

ENTIRE (eniier^, intiffr, L.) I. Whcd^ 
nndivadcd: VWihroken> completeinkapvis: 
3. full, coaopfate^. ciumpciAng aU rtqaifitesia 


An aaion fa mttn when it is roinplcfieia 
all its parta { or« as ^ifiatlt defcrihea iu v^ 
it confifts of a b^ibning, a nUdle, aadaa 
end. Spe^M^r, 1{q. a^?. 
iL.$uioera,hcarXy: $. firm, faia^olid, filed. 
SHtirt and fare the noparth't rale mmft pravei 
Who founds her greatnafa 00 her faljoat lovci 

6. Vaminglcd, unallay^d. 

Wrath ihall be no 
Thflncefi*tH^ bo^jnjthy pteience joy eacanr* 

ENTIHELY. I. b the whole, widwat 
divifton : 2 completely ; folly. 
Here finilhed he, and all t^t lie had made 
Vfaw*d, and befaeld ) all was t^tirtfy good. 
Mih. Fmr. Z^. 

EN'TITATIVE (rarf/«frfwi, L.) wbea 
a thhig fa taken according to ita ciSmca, ftrai 
or being. 

EN TIT ATI VB, iraplfai an abftxadiM 
or retreOchneat of all the drcnmlcaaco fioai 
a diing.Bfidar aeniUaratioBt 



. kxWT Hft'tiie Sehoi n^i^^ k 
fbffiod An or bc2fic> coDfiderad acooniifig to 
«lMt k is in ita pbyfical capacity. 
' £N^RANCE (of tBtr^re, L.) entry or 
]pia§ io, adsktancc j and a'door, piiff»ge, 
£NTItAirsl>9 bong ia m tnacc 
ENTRESCyLB (in Anhitta»t\ a kiod 
'«f Qttk llor^ cQiMm*d ,occafiomlff at the 
toy of (he firft &orj, for the convenience of a 
-^ "- «f. ItiiairocaUcdJIi^TOM. 

INO^IIY (widi JldcrcAtfjOi) the fettm|c 
divfl the ptrtknhoa of trade in die books of 

ENTKYy a ibkina reeeptlon or cemiony 
ferfmcd by krog*, princes or amba^don^ 
VfSB their firft entriog a city, or uflon their 
aisni Iran fime incseiafel c3ipediiion> by 
wiy flf tiinmpin» 

T9 EHVCtSrArn {ambstam, L.) to 
trice eel the kcmeL 

. SVUDA'TION, a making naked or plain, 
kyu| open, ^c. L. 

ililNVl'RONMSNT, anencompaffiiig 

BNnriOUSMESS (of hmditfui^ or imv- 
#% hf) eairyy envions nature. 
OfVlIERABLB CmoHtraMis, L«) na- 

nUVMERA^ION (widi RketwtdMms) a 
part of ^ pcncBtion, wheteb the orator, 
w l lrft i^ g the fcnttcredkeadsof what has been 
dtlifOBd» tkion^^t the whole, makes a 
Mcf tad artfol rdbcar&l « vee^olstaon 

QilWCIATIVE (flnwM/Mwty L.) that 

gNi|r ka ibewcdy nttned tir proi 

dfthiativelT. ^ 

WVoY» a perioadepMed or JEenton pw^ 
fk » aagMhite fo«ie particokr a6Ur with a 
Mp ptieoe or ftafee, bnt is not accounted 
lihonsiinibl^ ay an anbafladosw Tkofe who 
aielmt ftons jffi^giM, jn^Mcvj tfc. to GSimM) 
Ibc princes of Gtrmsm^, Qfc, go only in quaHqr 
«f eav^s, and not of ambaffiMlort, bat are 
afiHUy prions of lower rank. They are of 
$ km, mdiwmy and txirMrdkmyt niey are 
Mb i^titkd to«U ike privikges of anbafla. 
doo I bat the lame ceremonies an not per- 
teaal m them. Thofe who amappointed 
l» ftay any confidcnble time at the place to 
vkkk tlicyare lieat, aie teimed refidenu. 

T« ENVY (iwmidire, L.J to |rndge or be 
neri^at the gMd fortooe of othA« 

IKVY linmidm, L. tmmt. F ) an oaealU 
a>fc <if gHtt» nriliflg from behoUtng the good 
^Ih iB s or ppo^erity of echeri. 

IHVY {Bkn^fhicsify) anearkynsper. 
«• was icpeeieMBd by the watw^lerpent Ay- 
•«» beitefii «f its pracaedaagfrom corropdoo 
— *— d { intimating* that peifons- that en- 
eateitaiathk migmtcfolpaiaDain ^elr brcafts 
ft offitfk a Mid d]%iMtt» that they 

, tnt^^ was wdated by. the aacknU in a 
gVitoeat of diftobure^ grwn coim, iiifi of 

To EITWORTHY (pf «»aadtmi^»^^) 
to render ope*s lelf woAy o^ tUuftiious or 

To ENWRA'P (of m aad hpeo]ij5an% 
S0fc*) to wrap apin. 

ENY'STRON (of Mm, Gr. to perfed) 
the left or iburtk ventricle ia animak that 
chew the cnd^ whkh compleats the digeltion. 

E(yi>ERBRIC£ (of eo*bO|i, a hcdge» and 
bfiice, Sdx. a breaking) a bodge-breaking. 

EPACM ASTICA (of ntanfm^tMit, Or.) 
a fever which grows coatiottaity ftroc^et* 

BP^NADI'PLOStS (nmwlMr;uinc, of 
f arcf«3kirXo«, Or.) a redouWng* L* 

EPANADIPLOSIS (with Rh^mdam) h 
a ficure, when they begin aad end a feotenoe 
witk th% fame words, as hind to bit friends. 
Mid to bit tnemits Und* In Latiu tbSs figora 
is called /er/jr^. 

EPANADIPIX>$IS (with Pfyjkitm) fia. 
^oent redoublings or returns of ievers. 

BPANALBFSIS (Bw«n£Xi4««, of sa«M« 
XcmCm, Or. ta repeat) a repetition* 

BPANALEPSIS (with Rbetoridant) a fi* 
gore, in which the fame word is repeated for 
enforcement-iake, efpecially after a long pa» 
renthelis; as, it it mamfefi tbt^ bmn>» erred, 
it it wMuUMt 

EPANAPHCRA (f««nSt^, ofsvaMf^* 
^, Or. I refer) f • e. refeienee. 

£PAi7APHORA (with Rbamdant) a 
figure, when the lame word begins fisveral imm 
tencea or clauies f as, bic gefidi foMtes, bit 
moUta ftsta, bie tumtn, 

EPA^KGDOS (sw«sM'. of ifK2and«*Ml#^ 
Or. a fcent) a return. 

EPANODOS (in Rbetoridt)z figure^ arhea 
the lame found or word is twice repeated ia 
(evcraT fentenoes, or in the lama untenoe { 


ydtber tbe Idgbi vutbout cfs ^aa, 
Nor jet tbe Stin witboMt its Ligbt, 

BPANORTHCSIS (i««v^«^, ofsm- 
ttffiim. Or. to oone£l) corredion or aniend<» 
raent, a reftoring to the former Aate. 

£PAPHi£'RESI$ (svtt^iMric, of sv^ 
over sbd above, and ifatfim, Gc to take a«» 
way) a cutting or clipping over again, X. 

BPAPHiSRESIS (with Pb^fidem) a i^ 
pcatad blood-iettiag, or any npeated eraoia* 
tion. • 

EPAUtBMENT (inF0rrf>^isa) aflwal. 
dering-piece, F^ 

EPEXB'OBSIS (swf (iTt^ic, Or.} a plaiaflr 
interpretatioo of that which was mentbned. 

EPHE'BITY {t^Zut, Or.) the age of m, 
ftrippling at the entrance of the 25th year. 

BPHB'MBRBS, btnls or creatures that live 
but 01^ day, and therefore hieroglyphicaliy^ 
reprelented the ihortneis of man*s li&. 

EPHBMERID'IAN, of or partakyng to 
an ephciaeiit. ^ 

A 4| Digitized by LaOiWHS* 

B P 

EPHE'MERmF? {efhmeHm,L: tfn- 

XPH£MB«.IAN 5 f**i»»i> Or.) belong, 
ing to a journal, rcgittcr or day-book. 

£I>HE'M£RIS {t^f^fiti Cr.)a regifter 
or day-book, ajoufttal. 

EPHEMERIS. (with Aftrologers, HeC) a 
jooroal coiiAtaiiiing obrerratSbtM relating to the 
heavenly bodies, cipecially ihcwiDg their places 
«t noon. 

EPHE'MERON 7 (ff*i/Mt^, of r«i %M 

EPH£M£'RlUMSf»ie«, Gr.) a kind 
of plant that diet the fame day it fpringt, a 
joay-ldly, meadow -faflPron, a liricon-fancyr ^' 

EPHIAL'TES (i^^iiMac, Gr.) a difcafe 
callod the night-mare, chiefly atfe^ting per- 
foQs alleep, and lying on their backs, who 
fancy their wind-pipe and breaft is opprefled 
by feme weight, and imagine that fome fpedre 
or demon ftops their breath. 

EPIB'OLE (tariCoXJi, Gr.) a cafting* or 
patting in. 

EPIBOLE' (with Rbetoriciant) a figure 
wherein the repetitioD of the iame wodi at the 
beginning of the feveral icnteAii«s has refpeA 
€0 the matter j whereas in the figure Efa- 
nal^fa^ it hat regard chiefly to the iHle. 

EP^ICENE dndtr (in OrMmmar) a gender 
-which contains both fexesunderone termina- 
Cion, whether mafcultne or feminine. 

EP'ICK. (siriaec^ of sttO', Gr.) a verfe per- 
taining tOy or confiding of hexameter or 
iieroick verfe, 

EP'ICK P«fM, Sx a di&ftnrfe invented with 
art, to form the manner) of men by iuftruc- 
tion,defigned under the atlegoricf of tome im- 
portant a^foo, vyhleh is related in verfe, af- 
ter a probable, diverting and wonderful man» 
jnef. 22s|^thttS defihea it \ and it agrees vc y 
well with our idea of an epick poem. Tho' 
jirifiotte fays epick poetry makes ufe of dif- 
CDorfes in vttf^ and profe, and Af. Dacier 
^greet with, him | "but we in EmgUnd have all 
our poetry in verfe at lead, if not in rhime. 
And wtf rank difcouHes m profe, altho* there 
may be the texture of a fi^on in them, a-> 
«ioog what we call fables, and allow nothing 
to be epick poetry, but what i» in verfe. See 
llerouk f^tm, 

« Rfitk potfy is not confined to obferve oniries 
of time and place. Ar*fioiU fays it has no 
fcttlei time, and m that it diflfers from the 
Jhamaiuk. And as to uoity of place, that 
•need not he obfcrvcd;bec^e the poem ia real, 
as an hifiory, which m^y be left off by the' 
reader at plealore. 

EPlCLINTiE (i«>(ftXtVl«> of fariitXnw, Gr. 
'•to iiidtne) earthquakes that move fidelong. 
EPIDEMI'A (iviNuM, Gr.) a catchicg 
€>r contagions difeafe, communicable from one 
to another, as the plague, pox, &c, 

EPIDEM'ICALNESS ('tmhfJuuCf, Gr.) 
nniverfa^itv of infe^Hon. &c. 

EPIDES'MUS (wth Surgtttis) a liga- 
tare, bandaee gr fwathe for a wound or fort, 

EPIDIDYMIS (urt^Vvti;, Or.) a body of 
rtfftht. the figu:e of which rolcmblcs cro:k« 

E P 

ed \¥timf fwollca with Ul-blpod • the grftter 
globeor bnnch of which is fiiAened to the back 
of the tefticlet, and leiTer to the veffel that 
cairies tbe/««^n, L. 

EPIGASTRICK Feins, the flank vans, 
EPIGASTRION (tmyi^^ipt, Gr.) the 
fore-part of tbeoAt/oOTM or 1 ewer belly; the 
upper part tfF which i« taM the bypocbtm- 
drium^ the middle mmbiiicalis^ wok the iowct 
hyf-gajtrimmy L. 

EPIGRAM {jLvtyatifJtfAmy Gt.) a fort ef 
little poem ending with a.,Gonceit or point of 
wit; when it b long it grows flat, and feldodi 
thrives above two or three couplets *. It wai 
at firft ao infcr^don put on the bales or pedef* 
jUls (^ ftatuesor on trophies ; but m tfane It 
began to.he oM in a more lax lenfe for a Aort 
and fmart poetical performance, either laa<- 
datory or fatyrical ; it b accounted the loweft 
piece of poetry, becauie its fubtlety and 
finenefs rather turns upon words tiian the 
thoughts, and fo may be look*d upon but at 
a fort of punning. 

£P'iL£P.sY («ar»Xa4Xa,of torvXMtC/fw, to 
invade or fiezeupon, Gr.) this difeafc ba con^ 
Vttifion of the whole body, which hinders or 
pots a flop to all animal anions, and proceedl 
irocn a BiCorder in the brain. 

EP'U-OGUE {cfi'ogui, L. of siKxa>^ d 
s«i and Uy^, Gr.) in Dramatiek Poetry, a 
fpeech addreffed to the audience when the pla^ 
u ended ; ofually containing fome refledHons 
on/ome incidents m the play, and particularly 
thofe of the part in the play aaedby the ador 
who fpeaks it. 

EPILOGUE (in nba$rith) is' the conclu- 
fion of an oration or recapitulation, whercia 
the orator fums up or recapitulates the fub- 
ftance of his difcourfe, that Jt may be kept 
Jrefl) ia the minds of hb auditors, who are 
fi^ucntly confufed in their thooghts by the 
namber and variety of the things they hear. 

EPILOI'MICA (WiXM^a, of fui and 
\Hfnki Gr. a peftilence) medldnet good a- 
pixnh a peftilence or plagoe. 

EP'IMONE (with Rhefriciam) a figure 
by which the fame caufe u continued and per- 
fifted in, much in one form of fpeech ; alio a 
repitltioo of the fame word to move aflfisdUon^ 
as thus, thtisst pUafed bim, Ac. 

EPIPAROX'ISM (of titl and ir«^{r/«^, 
Or. a' fit; a term which phyficiaot ufe when 
a patient b feiaed with more fits in a fefcr 
than are ujnal. 

EPIPfA/NEMAfam^d^vfca, ofsTi^ir, 
Gr. to call upon) b an exclamation containing 
ibme feiiteoce of more than ordinary fenfc, 
which b placed at the end of a difcourie. It 
is like the bA blow, where two peifons have 
been fighting, and gives the auditory a clotfe 
and lively reflexion on the fab)et.t-tliat has 
been treated on. ^<>^/7 gives us an exampk 
nf an Eptpbomeua* 

^untgnu anhdt eai^bms «r« / 

fybAtfiprtm vrtohfm ijiama/y madi i - 

Digitized by vaOv EFI- 

E P 

E P 

XPIPHO&A (with Rhtionciami) a figure 
k which a word is repeated at ih« eiyi of fe- 
vtnl fentenccs, b«t it dUFen from Epfirofbg, 
h that it bat refpea chiefly to the matter, 

EPIPHORA (with Fiyjuians) a viorent 
iowing of haipoors into any part, efpecially 
Ac wa:criagor dropping of the eyes j occa fi- 
lled by a thin rbeuoiy which i> cotmiionlv 
fitted invtlumtmry wetfiwg, and cootinuaHy 
iowt .'nmi the comers of the eyes $ alio the 
idl of water ioy> the cads, as in fome kind of 

EPIPHYSES Vtrmifims (Atiatomy) two 
•aioenrcs of the CntMiim, Aaped Jik^ 
woroify whi..h keep open the paflTage from the 
tbirt to the fourth teatricle, L, 

EPIPLOCE' rwith RbetwicioM) a figaie 
apeffi.-;g a gradual ri&ng ofoneclaufe of a 
fotoxc obt of another, much after the man- 
aer of a clim9«« as, bf bavinr taken hit hqiifi, 
tehimgbeout hitfmmi/j, aJ b^eving bnugbi 
tbmau^pw tbm, 

E P 1 PL O'l C K, of or belonging to the 

EPIPLOI'DES (%9m\nrhf:, of i^iVxow, 

>b1 iJ#*, Gr. frvm) a term applied to the 

vtoici and veins dii^ributcd through the fub- 
ftaare of the Epipioon or caul. 
EPJ'PLOON (fir.V?uw^ Gr.) the caul, 

t cover ^cad over the bowels in the ihape of 
J aet, and bounding with blood-velTeli, whofe 
■6istDchcriih the (tomach and guts wtthtts fat. 
*^> '^ii$ fl^i ViA o/tif«X^9 the navel, 
Gr.) a (ort of tumour cf the ezemphalos kind. 

EPIVCOPAL {tpifiofjUs, U) of or per- 
tiiaiBg to m bifliop or epifcopacy. 

EPiSCOPAXlANS, thofeofthccpifcopal 
pvty, and are retainers to the church of 
t^^nd, A name given to thofe who kept 
t \ the doOrine of the church of EngUiufy and 
^ government of the church by blihops as it 
Vtf before the refbrmation j they retain the 
jreateft part of the canon law, the decreuls 
rf the popes, ^he liturgy, fSfc. more flrift 
uaa the Cacholicks Chemfelvesln many places 
fa « bac in mattert oi (aith they agree with 
tbe Cat9mifiu 

EPISODE ('swtt-iJi^, Gr.) an entrance 
«r comioain. 

EPISODE (vlth Pa*/*, Ac.) a feparate 
fttaa or rdatioQ tackt to the principal foh- 
led 10 iurniJh the wock with a vailcty of 
cvots, or to give a pleaiine diverfity. 

EPISOD'ICAI^ of ur belonging to an 

EPISODIC, faidof a portical fable when 
^is fwcUed wich unnecclTary incidents ; and 
Dcpifedcs are not neoeiTarily nor properly con • 
■«Aed with each other. 

.EPI3TOLOGR A'PHICK (of |iTifaXi(, an 
•jiftle, and yfo^mht ©^ yi^^f O'* *o wnte) 
w ir (ertaiatng to the chataacr lettets, &e. 

EPI'PHORA(*a«»^, Gr.) an attack or f?o written h^ni), as Efiji:i\p^aphic th^* 

EPISTR6PHiE'US(of.w{»^', of iw^, 
on, and r^i^«» to turn, Qr.) the ftrft Vertt- 
hrd of the neck, that turns round upon the 
axis or fecond. 

EPI'STROPHE (s»i«V».C'0 •**'*- 
ing or alteration, a going back, L. 

EPISTROPHE (with RbHorrcrans) a fi* 
gure, wherein icveral fentences end in the 
fame wcrd, as ambition Juki to be next to tb* 
bf/lf afttrtbat to be eoual witb tbe befi^ tbem 
tj be tbief and sbove tit befi, 

EPISTyL'IUM(nrici^Mfv, Gr.)that 
which is now called an Arcbitrave, which 
is the firfl member of the Entablature, and iii 
ufually broken into two or three divlfionf 
termed Fafcist, i. r. fwathes^ fillets^ bands 
or lifts. 

E PI'T A P H [tmre^w, of sirl rm rmfS, 
/. e, upon a tomb or monument] which, uiya 
a ceruin author, ibould remember the name 
of the deceafed and his progeny truly ; his 
country and quality briefly i ,hia life and vir- 
tues mcdeftly, and his end chriftianly, ex- 
horting rather to examples than vain-gloiy. 

EPITA^IS fin Fi^Jlfick) the increafe or 
growth and heightening of a difeafe, or a pa- 
roxttn of a difeafe, efpecially of a fever, 

EPI'THEMA [tmBnf^, Gr.) a medicine 
applied to the more noble paits of the body | 
alfo an outward application, gener^ of a li- 
quid form like a fomentation. 

£PlTHy'ME(*s;r(9u^, Gr.) a medicinal 
plant of a very extraordinary nature and 6gore. 
Its fetd rery fmall, from which arife long 
threads like hairs, which foon pcriA as well 
as the root, unleft they meet with fome 
neighbouring plant boch to fuftain and feed 
themt U grows indiflPerently on all kinds of 
herbs, and yrriters attribute to them the 
virtues of the plants they grow on j but thofe 
moft ufed in medicine are fuch as grow on 

EP'ITHETS (witl^ C^rtfsnMrfam) are ad - 
je^ives or words ^ut to fubftantives, expreiT- 
ing their natures' or qualities, as a gtnerotn 
fpirit, a wo/ent rage, where the words |;*»««ifS 
and violent are the epithets exprefllng the 
qualities of the mind and paflion. 

To EPIT'OMIZE, to make an abridge- 
ment, or to reduce into a leflercompafs. 

EPIT'OMJZER (of "Evi-n/xn, Gr.) an 
EPPTRITUS C*^T(i'rO^ Or.) a foot of 

a Latin verfe, confifting of four (yllaUes, 
where the Arft fyllable is fliort, and all the 

reft long, as Safntantes i the fecond b 
out of a Trocberut and Sfondens, where 
the iirft fyllable is long ;- and the Ibcond ihort, 
and the two Uft is long, as rsfrrrrtfr/j'the* third 
is compounded of a Spcndefne and an lambntp 
where the tvro firft fyllables are leng, the 
third Ante, and the laft long, as CtaaMnmiVtf af et ; 
the fourth coafutf of a Spond^ia and a TVa- 
A a » c^^ €k4nt. 

Digitized by V3Uv 


eh^eitt, where tbe three firft (jlUkla^ft hB$9 

EPITROCHAS'MUS (with Rbetoriadns) 
a ftgore, wherein the orator runs haftily o^er 
fcwal thinp, either for brevity fake, •> 
Cfptr invaded the borders, took the city, and 
forfiied Pom^ j or eUe to ^maze thoTe he 
ipeaks to, as Stmndjkll, Sirs ; JFbat brought 
you this wav f ^bo art you that appear in 
arms ? JVbttbtr »rtyM marching f 

EPIHTROPE (urirfom?, of irjTffw, Or. 
to grant) pq:miffioD, acoaunittmgof anaffsu^ 
to ooje*s managenent. 
, £PITRQP£ (with Jthetm^mt) is a figure, 
when tlu; orator grants what he may free- 
W deny, in onlei to obtain what he demands. 
This ^gure is fonnetJnieB nfed to moye an 
coeniy, and £pt before his view the Horror 
^f hiscrnelty.' To this eqd be is invited to do 
all tbeonifchief he can. 

EPIZEUG'MENON. See Diexeugmenon. 

£PJZ£UX'XS (*s«i;tiJ{i(» Gr.} a joining 
toget<ier. , ^ 

EPNEUMATOSIS fsffMu^bUtt^ic, Or.) 
expiration, the a£k or ftcult/ or^ breathing 

ovt, t: ■_■ • • • 

EPOCH' X CfrOi oC 'nvmrr, Qr. to 

FPOdHAS fufiain er ftopja ch^o- 
^logical term for a fixt point of tine> whence 
the years are numbered or accounted ; or a 
iblemo date of time counted from fome me- 
^oraUe t€tion, as tiie creation of the world. 

E^POCHA 0/ Cbrifl, is the comnlon 
(Bpocha throughout Burof^^ commencing from 
the nativity of oor Saviour pectmbir ^5, 6r 
^ther accoiding to the vulgar account from his 
citcamciiion'tlie ifk o£y snuar^^ ^t formerly 
in England from tiie incamttion or annuncia- 
tion of the Virgin Mary otAht%^^ of March. 

EPOCHA tf'thi Crtatien, according to the 
COfftputatoo of the Jevnf is^ the year of die 
Julian period 953, anfwering to the year 
before Chraft 5761, and commences' on the 
7thof OBober, 

. , Dioclefian. EPOCHA» or the Zfocha tf 
Martyrs, is the year of the Julian period 
:4997, anfwering to the year of Chrift 2S3. 
It is fo called from tlie great number of Chrif- 
^ans who fu0ered maxtysdom under the i«ign 
Of that eiyiperor. 

D'PODE (•Mro>8<,ors<rt, after, and ihCl, 
^u fongs) one of the nnmber (if that fort 
of tyrick poetry, of which the oittofPjndar 
coa&ft. The other two being 5rn^/>ir and 
AiUifrfpht^ which anfwer each other in every 
ode, whffeas one epode anfwers to another 
in ^vcral odes. . ■ ■ ^ 

EPOPB'A (in P^etrj) a ftriaiy the biftory, 
aftion or fable, vliicA makes the fubjeft of 
an £^i«* poem. 

EPUI^ATION. a feaitiog or banquet- 

. Z^}JhO^TY{tpnkfm» U) great ban- 

EX^Al^tEKESS («|»«^i^>irf, L.}capa- 
lileoers of bdog made cqnal« 


tQ^KL {^aKsp L.) i.'L!keaDo(%er n^ 
bulk, eiceUence, or any other quafity tbit 
admits compatifon ; neidier greater nor Ids i 
neither woile nor better. 

May join its| 

efvdljoy, ats 



2. Adequate to any purpofet 3. even, wd* 

He laughs at all the vulgar cares and fcars. 
At their vahi triumphs, and their vaioet 

tears 5 ' 

An <^/ temper in his mhri he li^nd. 
When fortune flattered him, and when Ae 
$row9^^ l>y^' 

4* In juit proportion ; 5. impartia], neutriL 
Each to his proper fortune ftand or fall j 
Efu^l and unconcerned I look on all : 
Kutifcans, Trojant, are the fame to me. 
And both fliill draw the bts their fates decree. 
Drydtn^s Mneids, ' 

EQVAL9 one not bferior or fupierior t^ 
another. * 

To my dear l^pial !n my native land^ 
My Righted vow 1 gsve ; J his recdvM \ 
Each fwore wii^ truth i with pteafure esdk 

behev'di • 
The mutual contra^ was to heav*A oiinrey*d, 


EQUAL Angtb {Gumetry) are thofe wholb 
fides incfine alike to each other, or thit are 
meifured by fimilar parts of their drcki 
'- EQyAL CiHles, are fuch whofe " 
alt equaly 

EQUAL Pigurtt, are thofe whofe aiea*i 
are equal, wfiether t^ figiiies He ft""" — 

EQUAL Bypirbeta't, are thofe whofe or* 
dmates to their determine axes are equal (0 
each ot^r, taken, at equal diftances from 
theif vei^iees. ' ' 

- EQUAL ^tffiii, are'thole whkh comere- 
hend and oontahi each as much as the other, 
or whole folidities and capacities ere equal. 
' EQuAL Aritbmnical taih^s, atu foch 
wherein the diflvrence of the two lefs terut ii 
dqusl to f he diflfereoee of the two greater. 

E«QyALN£S5 {aquafitas^ L.} a bcbg 
equaf or likb, a likenefs, agreeableneft. 

CircU tf EWA'LITY {Afi'^n.) a circle 
ufed in the Pti&maick fyftem, to account fot 
the eocentridty of the planets, and reduce 
them to a calculus with the greater eafe ; this 
is called alfo the Grcle cf the Equant, 

Proportion of EQyA"'HTy evenly ranged, 
is foch wherein two^terms In a rank or ienes 
vre proportional ta as many terms of another 
rank, compared to each other fai the fame 
order, 1. e. the fii^ of dne rank to the firft 
of another, the fecond to the fecond, and fo 
on, called in Latin, Proportio *ex Mpio erdim 

Profortfon o/EQU ALITY evenly df/forted, 

is fttcn wherein more than two terms of a 

rank are proportioftal4o as many tenr<s of 

^OOglC another 


' rao|c, coinpAre4 to cac|| other iq i 
t| imemipted or diftorbed order, vm. 
<ke firft of one rank to the (eeond of another, 
<be feeond to the third, iBfc, calied in i>r/«, 

IQyAlliTT (wHh SSgthtmMkiMMt) the 
cud agreemeat of two thiagt in ie(peft to 

EQyAUTY (with Ji^drsijh) ft a com. 
fariteof two ^MDtkieg whkh are emial both 
tcilhr and icprewBtatiTeljr, i* t, e^al in both 
c^0Cw ana vettcTB* 

EQ^ANflMOVSKESS {fpummtn, L.) 
eauiuift of mfaid, comentedfiett } a calm and 
wt temper vpoa ^ etenti of ftvtnpe, ^. 
tter fDod or bid. 

1!^ANT (in ifiriMi;^) a einii inn- 
giaet k^ aAtoflomers m the plane of the de- 
facnt or ecccBtricky for the refohting and 
a^iiiac ceftahi moiioot of the phmeu. 

IXtUAnrpR {iBfwamr, t.) the t^mMaisl 
lat, anl the fnae thiC by nariiMrt li drikd 
Ibe Bae bjf way of ezcelkncyy a grnit move* 
able dfcfe of the fphere cqoally difUnt from 
tbe two pofei of the worM, or that dividet the 
heana or globe of the voivevie into two eqniil 
wti'nBrtil and fonth. 

miE'RY X tevfr,F.) an officer who 

V^TMLY \ Mm the care and manage, 
■eat of the honet of a kmg or prince ; alio 
a grand table for-horfei, fomiflKd with ail 
ceavcoiencct ; aUb the Jodgiog9 inr apaitmentt 
ef the equerticf or aroomt. 

EQDTDIF'FBRENT (.(^frteif/<d) if in a 
leria of three ^nantitiet tliere be die fame 
^dfacDoe between the firft and ftcond aabe. 
tneen the^feccad and third, they are laid to 
It eoDtinoaUy e^uidUiereot j that 3, 6, 9, are 
konCiBBaUy eqoidificrent. 

£QUIDlS*rANCB > (of ^tquus. and 

£roiDIS*TANTNXS$ > a^ivftf, L.) 
^ bemg e<]oaI]y diilaDt. 

EfOJItAT'EltilL HyperMa, one whofe 
tpmfictrs do always iotcHea each other at 
l^t anglei ni the centre. If the tranfTerfe 
Aineter of any MerMa be equal to itt P«- 
^tmttn, then all the other diameten wfU alfo 
W t^l to thdr Pmtmmtttrt. 

EQinNOCTlAL Pfiarf {Ajfrpi^,) ai« the 
two points wlierB the ffiMtfw and tchftiek in- 
ndeft each other. ^ 

EOgmOCTIAL Cdmtr^ h that pafliog 
tbioi{li the eonfaioaial points. 

E^IPOI/Sl^ (tfmfmds, P.) an equal 
vcight. ♦ 

£qyiPOLX£NTN£SS, theiameatc^- 

U] tbe being of eqqal weight. 

iqVIi^PED (tfMifp/, F.} Inraiflied, ac. 
cavter*d, afr. 

EXlCriTABLeNESS(offy«^«^/r4 F.) 
>)||ktto«fiBefi, joftneft, icaibnaftleneft. 


I'QJJITir l4^mtai, t.) Aa virtue cf 
treating all men according to the rales of right 
reafob and juftke. 

EOJ/ITV {Hitrtgfy^kaUf) n i«pipiente< 
by a ^r of icalcs or bailance. 

£(Q;1TY (in a Law Semfi) hasadoobk 
and contrary meaning, for one enlarges an^ 
adds to the letter of the law, eziendi.:g the 
wordi of it to caict nneacprtfleJ, yet having 
the iame reaibn | whereat the other abridgqa 
and ukas fifom it i fo th«t the latter is de^ 
fined to be a correak>n of the iaw, generally 
made in tiuit part wherein it fai!s. 

B<^l'VOCA M^nfcAMtia, wot^ com*, 
inoo to feteral things in a very difierent fig* 
nllicatioD, i. e. to fevcral things which have 
a fiouhr eflcnce, correipooding to the fimiler 
denomination } at faaret a boil, and r^vma 
the cooftelUtum, and monnC Tmtna, 

Eqyi'VOCALNESS (of ^piro^cm,, LA 
eqiBfocil ^oality> or behig or the fame name 


BRAD'JCATIVE Cmt* On mditim) is 
fnch an one at til^ away ue caafe or note 
oat a diftemptr \ hi oppolit to n to BaUiaihf 
Canr, which idievet for a time $ bat not 
iMching the canfe of thediibider, doei no( 
prevent 10 ictnn* 

ERE (arne, 5«r.) befoe that, nther thuk 

EREhflh'A (of ir^i^ Or. a wildemefii 
an hermit, a dweUer in the wMemeTs, L. 

EREUiriCALNBSSj die kkdb« the lift 
of an hermiu 

EREPT' {er^Mi, h.) fnatehed eway* h 

ER'MINE (pMbahhr fo caUed of Jkmentm^ 
at havmg been brooght from theooe) a vetf 
rich furr of a wea&l or field-mooie^ won bf 
prittcea or perfont of qnaU^. 

ERN (of ejin, Smm. a folitary plkce) phKce 
names wkdch cad in are fignify a mehuuholy 

BRNB8 (eitmdif Tent, harveft, or ertiJtH, 
to cut or mow corn) the kxiie fcatter'd eait 
of com that are lert 00 the gioond after the 
biodfog or cocking it. 

To ERODE {iroJire, L.) tognawoff or 
eat out or aboet. 

ERODEN'TIA (with Strteou) medkinw 
that by their iharp pertides gnaw and pic|r 
npon the ieih, L, 

EROTEMA 1 (with nbumdmms) % 

EROTESIS 5 figore, when (7 aikii« 
qocjftions the matter is aggravated, as. Were 
you not there f Did yon not lay you had it 
done ? 

EROTEhf AT'ICR («r«MM/«et, L.) de- 
mending, qoellioning. 

BROriCK (of nUm^, Gr. Copid) a term 
ap^ied to any thing that has leiation to love* 

ERUABLE {errs^lis, L.) that may err. 

BR'RANTNESS (Of trrtms, L.) wander^ 
log tacvlty. 

ERRATaCALNESS (of tnattmi, L.) 
windriog facolty. 

Digitized by GOi.^^^^'' 

E K 

BRR.ATION* t Any'mg, t wandring oot 
pf the way, L. 

ER'RHINA, medicines that parge the 
brain and head, bf bringing down the fuper- 
Huous pitoit or Fhlegm Jytng about the AU^ 
Mitgit of the brain. 

' fRRO'N£OUS];£SS(«f ATMMx, L.) 
cxTor or fttlneft i»f error. 

E&'ROR 7 (ftrtr, L.) miflalcc of tJie 

ERROUR S mind In gtriog aflcnt to « 
propofition that is not true j oveHighty folly. 

ERROUR (in LawJ a fault in pleading 
or in the proeeft; whence the writ broogbt 
lor remedy of thia o? erfight, ta cal^od a fPrit 
pf Errwr, 

£RUBE$<:INCE {tmi^feMtm, L.) a 


l^Iuihing for fliame { ai) uncafmeft of inind, by 
which it if hindered 6«m doing iU,' |br iear of 
lois of reputation* 

XRUBES'CENT (tnikeffat, L.) leasing 
fed. bluihiiME* ■ 

ERUIDITELY (<Aw<r>r, L.) learnedly. 

ERU'OKNEOUS> {^emgi^tfrs, L.) par- 

^RU'GINOUS IS taking of or ijJbe to 
the Yii& of braft or copper. 

ERUGATION, a taking away of 
wiinklasy h^ 

To ERUN/CATE {eruncmum, h*) to poll 
«p weeds. 

ERUPT' 2 {tryputt, L.) brakes or 

ERUPT7ED ^ buriout. 

ERY N'GIUM («ftf>r«*» Or.) the herb E. 
fingo, Scaholm or Sea-holly, L«. 

ERYSIPELAS ('E^urMrg\«(, of t3 i^'cdai 
»i^) TO mn>jtu draws the neighbour- 
sag parts to ttfelf $ or as others, of t^(vwt><c> 
«f ipAf^(9 red, and «riXoCf black, from the 
variety cf eolours) a iweiling of a bright yel- 
low colour, inclining to red, ufoalry attended 
with a prkking pain, but not beating, and a 
fymptomatical fever. 

E RYS IPELATCDES {Zfo<nwi>M'riinu 
Gr.) a fwelling like the Erpipelm, bnt the 
ikin being of a dark ooloor, L, 

ESCAR' \ (srx«>t, or w^x^* <5r. a 

£:>CJHAR' 5 craft, ^bara, L.) a craft, 
Hiell or fcab brought over an ulcer, or nifed 
^ith a fearing iron. 

ESCHAROT'ICKS (of fa^<x(/«, to ikin 
or cruft over) plaflers, fcaring-irons, aAua) 
£re, &C¥ which biiog a fore to an efcar or 

ESCHEAT^ the place or circuit, within 
Mfhich cither the king or other locd has ef- 
chfats of his tenants. 

ESCHYNOMTNOUS PUmt (of «{«%«. 
«9/(Aai, Gr. I am aihamed) ienlitive pianta, 
iiich as ihrink in and contract their leaves 
•upon touching them* 

tSCLAlRCIS'MENT (of ejMrcir^ F.) 
the clr-ari.ig a thing, the rendring it more evi- 
dent or clear, /". 

■ ESCORT', a convoy or company of armed 
n^en, atitfiid'mg fome perf9o or thing in a 
jcjurne^ or vo^^ge to defend or lecurc it from 

infti^ts, |C 

To ESCCRTi to convoy, &e. 

ESCX>UA'D£ (Milit, term) ti^ thiid part 
of a foot-company, fo divided for the morf 
convenient mounting of guards, &c. F. 

ESCU', a Frtncb crown of finj/o& or three 

ES'CULEKT [efcuUntui^ L.) that may bg 

Tbe ESC y RIAL in Spain, about fevca 
miiea portk i't^gn Madrid^ callM alio the mO'. 
naftery of St. La'Torcnee, is a moft fumptuoai 
icdifioa built by K. FbiWp II. the front fA 
whikh towards the weft is adorned with threa 
ftately gatef, the mlddlemcft of which leada 
into a moft magnificent texnp'e: the gateoa 
the right hand leads info divert offices apper- 
taii':iog to the monancryj thatpn the kit 
into fchoola and out houfcs. 

At the ibur comers are four tanvts, aaf 
towards the north is a royal palace. It con* 
tains in al] 37 courts and cloiftcrs, nooo 
windov^lrSoo pillats, and hath a libnzy coflfi 
taining iSooo books. 

The revenues of this monaftery asooont tt 
30000 crowrs for amwm, and it is grown intf 
an adage, that it ia worth a journey Into ^p^% 
to fee that alone and return. 

ESPE'CIAL (fpe(iaih,UfpKisI,F.)tyMf, 
fir.gular, partkuiar. 

. tSPECIALLY JpeeialtmefUfF.fpecialiter^ 
L.) in an efpeciaJ manner. 

ESPLANATJE (in Fartrficaiian) a part 
ferving t^ oounterfcarp or covered way for a 
parapet } being a declevity or flope 01 earth 
commencing from the top of the countericarpe, 
and lofing itfelf infeofibly in the level of the 
campaign, ^t is now chiefly taken for the 
void fpace between the glacis of a citadel, aB4 
the firft houfe in a town. 

£S(Q;IR£ (ifcwftr^ F> •Jcvder; Span, tf^ 
mf'gir^ L. f . d, an armour-bearer) fo that thf 
title cfquire imports a perfon who carried the 
arms of fome great mani Some now vetkoq 
fix forts of efqoires. 

I. The el4eft fons cf vifcounts and lords. 
1. The younger fons of all noblemen. ]» 
The efi^ires of the king*a body. ' 4. The 
eMeft fons of knights. 5. Thofe t<vwhon 
the king himlelf gives arms, and maktf 
efquires by giving them arms (which ancient* 
Jy was done by putting a collar of SS about 
their neck, and a pair of white fpors on theip 
beejs.) 6. Thofe who bear any publkk of- 
fice in the kingdom, as high (berifT, juftica 
of the peace, &c, 

Serjeants at law, counfellors at law, mayeri 
of towns, batchdors of divinity, law, phy- 
fick, are reputed efijuires, tho* oone of them 
are really fo,a 

ESQUIS'SE (of Scbixaut, lul. a fplaft, 
and fo an efquilTe of a painting only fignifiei 
fplafhes or d^bs of colours in painting) a tena 
in paindog which fignifiea the firft Ketch or 
draught of a piamei the firft thoaghtoff 

Digitized by Google ^^^ 



Mffk drawn hMly with a craven^ or in co- 
kon on piper, canraG or the like, to order 
•• h» fiiii£beid and painted or engraven after- 

ES^AV ) (in Coinage, &c.) it ■ proof or 

ASSaV V trial made by the left of the 

SAY > finenefs or purity of the gold 
« filver to be ufed in coinmg money. 

VSS?.(iaScbo^Phihfi/Ly)\%ufcdm the 
fioie fenfe with eprce, pri? cipally for that 
viiicli is reaUy and a£bially exifting. 

£5fSENC£ of * circle (with Geometriciaits) 
tte efleoce of a circle it, that the radii or 
jmdimetert of it be all equal { the eflence 
flf a iqttare it, that it have four right angles, 
uA ai many equal right angled fides. 

ESSENCE (in Metapbyfich) fignifiet the 
ftne at t^*g. Some diflinguilh between 
tkea, ia that kei^ hat the lame refpea to 
Ijpactf, thit the eemcrete hat to its ahflraa, 
lat ai iris taken by Meta; byftiant in its moft 
>kMbd ttataze. it muft be the fame as ko' 

ESSENTIA, effence, L. 

ESSENTIA ^/a/4(witb Cbymffti) qtiintef- 
^e, I. /. the fifu eflence, a medicinrmade of 
the moft powerful working and a^ing partidet 
•^ its infredients, L» 

ESSENTUL {'ffcntiMUt, L.) fomethfaig 
tbaciiiieceajry to conftitute a thing, or that 
httfach a connefljon with the nature and 
mfen pf a thing, that it is found Or fuppofed 
tAere-efer the thing itfelf it. 

ESSE NT I AL Property (of every right Kned 
tiuosle) is to have the Aim of its three angles 
c^^i to two right angles. 

EMNTlALLY (ejaetialiier, L. £^»- 
fieftm, F.) ia an effenttal maoner.^ 

ISSE'NTIALNESS [ejintia, L. efence, 
F.>efleatiai qua'ity. 

ESSENTIAL OiU (irith (7^^aii)ib>«re Aich 
Hate really in a pUnt, and drawn from it by 
'i^Qatiaa in ail aJemhiek in wattr, in contra- 
dikindioo to thofe made by iir^M^foir. • 

ESSEITTIATED, compofbd or made-up 
cf cfleatials ; or made or brought into eflencet , 

fSSOiitidtMa/o%sI.'4e (in Z.«w) it when 
tW defer<4anr JB in ccurt the firft day | bur 
|Mf iway without tplradtng, ftillt fick, and 
fcads two SJoinfrs, who prottfft that he it 
^et>U by licknd»fa fuch a viUage, that he 
•vnotcome, L, 

ESTATE ConJitional in Law) is o^t that 
Mtaooadkiooal annoedto it; altho' it be 
MC ipect6ed in writiiit. 

UTtfttd (to Bihicks) fimply fo called, 
■Jtbe bare good opinioa of good men, which 
">**6om the obfenrance of the law of na- 
Hre aqd our duty } and the Mcralip fay, that 
*• ttightaa fitf as In us lies CO endeavour to 
pncve and prefien% it, becaufe the want id 
it may lay opca an occafion to a thoufimd 

To E »7fi EM ({^mo F, effiim9, L.) 

E S 

1. To iet a value either high or low ueoh aef' 

thing. "^ ' 

The worth of all men by their end efteem, 

t And then due praife, or due (eproach them 

yWd. Fairy ^m. • 

a. To compare, to eftimate by proportion. 

ESTEEM, high value, reverential regard. 

Who can fee. 
Without efleem for virtuous poverty, 
. Severe FaSritius, or caii'ceafe f admire 
The plcugbma.1 conful in his coarfc attire f 

Dryd, JEneid, 
I am not uneafy that many, whom 1 never 
had any efteem for, arc likely to enjoy tint 
world after me. Pope, 

ESTIMABLE, valuable, worth a lane 

To ESTIMATE, to rate, do adjufc the 
value of. 

ESTI*fATE, computation, calculation, 
valuation, comparative judgment, 

Outwacd anions can never give a juft ^r- 
««' of us, flncc there are many per^iont 
of a man which are not capable of appearing 
in anions. MdifinU Spt&ator, No. 2<7, 

ES'TIMABLENfesS (of ofiimaMiu L. 
e/Hmahh^ F.) worthinefs of valu<k 

ESTIMATION cf the Judgment (with 
Dwtnet) confifts of a due valuation of thofe 
eiccllcncies that are in the divine nature, 
whereby God is accounted the fiipreme beinc 
in Geaert Som^ from whom alt created good* 
ncfs is derived, and in conformity to whom It 
it to be meafured. 

ESTI'VAL ifcadeat (with jt/hMtmers) the 
lummer-weft or north-weft ; that point of 
the honson, where the fun feet, when it ia 
ia the trt^ick ofCaaeer and the days are longeft. 

ESTIVAL crieitt (with jifirmomertj the 
fumner-cnft ornorth-eart $ that point of the 
horizon where the fun rifes when it is in the 
tfopick of Caveer, 

ESTIVAL Solftite (with Aftrmmirt) the 
fununer folfclce, when the fun entring the 
tropick of Cancer on the nth of June, and 
makes the longeft day and the Aorteft night. 

ES IR A'D£, a publick high-way or road, 

Bitteurtcf ESTRADE {Military term) 
fcouts of horfc fent out to get intelligence of 
the difpoficioos of the enemy, and what is like 
to fall out in the way. 

BatreU ESTRADE, to go out upon fuch 
an expedition^ F, 

ESTRADE, the one hslf of an alcove or 
bed-chamber, nifed with a floor, and richly 
furniihed and adorned for reception o.'' pcrfona 
of diftinafon. 

ESTRANOE'MENT, a drawing away the 
affcaions, &c. 

E^STREO-BOARDS, boards either oC 
deal, fir, 6^^. brought out of the eaftern 

ESTRE'PAMEKT (Old Law) an Im. 
povetiihiDg or vaking of lands barren by ^on* 


IbM^ pitoi^lne and fowing iiMoiit Jinc liu. 
aannf^t left and other hoflMndry* 

£STRE'PAM£NT^ t wxit t^ fdfUl the 

ESTREPEMENT 5 making Aickwafte, 
Noting a Uw-fuit betwca tw* partial* 

To ESTR'EPE (f/frfitr, F.) to make 
Iboil in lands and woodk 

ESU'RIENT (rfuritm, h.) hungering be- 
ing hungry. 

ET AP£'» or pttliikk (bone honft for gooifo^ 
a ftaple town.' 

BTAPE {Military j^Mtrs) an allowance 
of pfovifions or forage for foldieifi daring the 
time of their march thro* t country^ to or 
from winter qoarten, F. 

ETAPI'fiRy om who contnaiwitha 
coontry or territory for furniAiog of troopc 
with pcovifi JB0 and Ibcage 'm their maivh thro* 
a country. ■ ■* 

ETER'NALISTft, fnch aa bettevc the 
eternity of the world* 

ETER'NALVESS (of mntiU, F. Mtenu- 
iah If) the being eternal. 

ETHEUNG {no^ or eMcOiiig) a title 
peculiar to the prince or nest heir to.tfao crown 
U^ong the Sngii/h Sumat, 

ETHEUEAL (with Ciymijh) n very fine 
aedi/ied oil. 

ETH^'REAtKESS (of mhmah L*) ^ 
SD ethereal ^oality. 

ETHOLO^CICAL (of ^Xf>^ Gr.) per- 
tatoiag Ui difcoar6a end treatilca of B$h$dU er 

ETHOL'OGIST (itht/wgn, L.4M»«p#«, 
Cr.) a mMikk, one who eiprcflea odker peo- 
ple** manners by voice or gefture, 

ETO'ILE (in Ftrtife^kn) a imW im of 
work of 4» 5» or 6> or mflw poifttt^ a ftw 

Cr.) by way of ctymokgy. 

EVACUANTS (in PbjfiA) moficiaei 
proper to capel or carry off any itt» peccant or 
ledondaat homoort in the aniotal body^ by 
the proper way of emaDdoriei» 
. £VAQATlOV> (a roving orwii^sii^ 
out, Z. 

_ EVANESCENT (evamfieus, L.) vanMh. 
ing orperifiiing. 

EVANGEL'IC 7 {tvM^iaa, L. 

£VANG£i.aCK5 tmyyOuMH^Gt.) 
gnfpel like, perta niog to the gofpel. 

EVANGEL'ICA (among the Ateims) 
proceffions and prayers made Cor glad tidings 
received, L. 

E VANGEy ICALNESS (of Uyythm^, 
Cr.) the having evangelical quality. 

£ VANID Woun (with PbihfojJttrt) fucb 
coL'urs as are not of a very long continuance, 
as chvife of clouds before and aftier funiet, the 
rainbow, fs^c, which are called cmphatical 
artJ fantaUical colour** 

£VAN'iDN£SS (of tvsMijMi, L.) 

E V 

kVAS'IVEMESS [oii^^fimu, L.) emk 
ing quality!. 

E VAH'ESy a brssieh at divifioa of onr oli 
philoibphen ^Druidt. Strs^ ^Ub-ibntestho 
phUofophen aeaong the Jtrmut aod Gaatt 
into three ie^> Bard*^ £«tfitrand Dnddu 
The M^rdt he takes to be poets and mvficiaBs, 
the E-oatu priefts and naturalifts the ArMifr 
moraliftsas well asnaturalifts. 

EU'CHARIST, a&crament ioftitatedkt 
our Saviour at his Uft fopper. The oonfe- 
creatwo of the bread and wine is done by the 
bHhops and priclb, who only, accm^uig to the 
prefent Church difdplipe, have authority, b 
the primitive times the deacons nfed to diftrf- 
bute this (acsameat to the congragatioo \ vak 
the catechumens and penitents wete not per- 
mitted at tbe coaiecraaooof it. 

The Commboion was rvfcdved hi both 
kinds, both U tiie htuiu and {^rtfdbchoreh tH 
the lath century I abpat %rhkh time die <#- 
wejr church re|iis*d the cup to the Laity } Ink 
the trrtflchuiih coatiaued the aadeat cuftow. 

In ancient times both eaftem and weikm 
(hurches confacrated leavened bread ^ but the 
Rmant now ufed Dnieavtaed bKnd % and cht 
Of*^ ftUl uie leavened. 

WQHQVQCY (vijcih^, of am' aoA 
xUut Gr. to difeourie; a treatift or dtlcoiHe 
or prayer. 

£UDi£'MON (sulia^iMi^ Or.) m gpoi 
genius or fpirit. 

£UDi£'MONY (mdmmia, L. of svlei- 
Mi6v«, Gr.)h«ppiners. 

EVE and TRfiVE (in the praake «f 
SetilMd) fervants whoie predeoeflbsa hsva 
been iervanu to any perfon ani his pradec^pfiw 

£V£-CHi£R, an iofea, a chier-wona, 

EVECO^ION 4f tkt M»m (wkh 4|lrwr- 
wien) is an equality hi her motion, by whklki 
ator aapr her quaitei% fta is not hi that Ibe 
whhii peffes through the center of the earth 
to the ittn> as ihe b at her oanjuniftiQn, <p- 
pofidao, or fyaygiea. 

fi^ENNm (aiPiMrr^ f «(.)*phte(f% 

ibsoothaeis, dfr. 

EVEN'TILATED (HmfilMmt^ L.) «!■- 
BOwed I alfi) thdfoughly etamined or CM. 

£V£N'TUALi.Y, cafualliy> by chaacs. I 

EVERLASO'INO (c* wjTpc afl4 Icf' 
tnog, StutJ) enduring lor ever. 

EVERLAS^TINGNESS, durable oilxMe. 

£ VERSION (in Al^/sr/a) the OflM i|Mf 
uEp^mdu^ L. 

ToEV£RT'(mrM««I..) totwBi««i I 
down, overthrow, &€* I 

EVES'TlGATED(evj(f/:^arai,t.)faBth- J 
ed oot by the footftept. I 

fiVfiSTIGATlOK* a ieekJagfiu^ teshr 
hig after, tracing or finding out. 

EUEXi'A (<ej{(e, Gr.) a good tol 
habit of body, U 

EUGE'OS 7 (svydv,ofi9and>«i«.Cr. 

EUGE'UM 5 (he gacth) ihg wombi to 

Digitized t)y 


taflli Ijr WOToC^Umaoo to fritol Minlj 1. 1 
To ZylCft'C^tHtref emBim, L.) to con- | 

EV'IDWCB {^videntis, h.) tltwtwb, 
Mtfgkv^t pb]niie6> deiiionftntioa } a ^wi- 
r ol thii^iii whereby thex become vmble or 
^ to the tjet, eitbtf of the body or 
L .SfliMaMor k the effential and b- 
dmaAet or critenea of truths and is 
4fatti»cffeft which with •• cooititiitn the 

Arpw/ BVIPENCE, It the aa of the in- 
tdflft aa coolidered as dear and diftloA. 

ttjtOW EVIDENCE^ confifti in the clear- 
wli M^ pcrfeicoi^ of <iw ob}e£t ^ or it ii the 
^Itifietkm b e^nftitnted, as tW it may be 
ilnriy and diUhiaiy known. 

fhg^ BTIDBNCB* is fo far as nataral 
kak and reafim, jpouitio|( out any things con- 

Maafhjjicsi ETIDBKCB , is when we en- 
«« Slifelly attft cleitly Into rae effence of any 
ifai^b th#t Qodte can be cleerer. 

Jfprv/ EVIDENCE, a thing is fald to be 
toBBlJy CKid»t» fo fkr as we have a diftina 
I and knowledBB thereof by vneBcepti- 

BVTOEKTMB8S {evidimhf L. tnd4i^) 

Tt BVIG1LATB [ivigiUhm, L.) to 
VMehdflmtly, coftndyluid. i 

itaasw/ srVILy is tne want of fomething 
ti tho iow ^« or perfcftlon of a thing, or 
to hs anf we iipg all its pnrpofes, ibch ace the 
driitaso fdiabo dy, bUMocTs, bmefleii, ^' 
■Mger, menttp ^c» 

Mtrsl BVtL, a devlatfan from right tea- 
Sm^ and oonftiiMOtiy fion the will and in- 
inilmiMt of Cod the leglllator^ who gave the 

B^^^lUTESS (8 rdnejf jpe, ^:«9.) eril nt- 
mie nr^nanty. 

tVI^Tto Umr0tu, U) gelded. 

BYDLATIOn^ a geidibg, onmamiing } 
iKinmafcjng^Unate, £• 

n EVlB/rtT ATE (of e neg. and vf/tei, 
L)to tslce away or dqirite of the virtne. 

irtTABLEMESS {oSnntailih h.) poT- 
Alaneft of belag avoided^ . 

EyiLOOIES fin the Ortik Chird) little 
Ho ti bmd comecxatcd, i. #• the eocharift 
ftst m farfeM who wcrt not prefent «t tbt 

EimOMY (iaiNaiie, L. mmf^, Gr.} a 
VaAitBttoo or ofdiDaci9B of good laws. 

EYOC ATI O N (with Grammmtnt) a 
iftfeaf ooolbaaioB, a radaciag of the thirf 
ffttfcn to the firftoriecand, mtXi^tiutdf* 
HaM itae vtmttm* 

BtbDES 9 (with Thjfd^) tswhe« 

BTOlMIA J the oadara ot aKcramantt 
■OTBafwcdt tjnsll* 

' imumo V# ft %ilif lOnMs fi 


ttrOLTiNT (with GiMw/rf«Mttt] acnrvi 
reTiilting from the evolution of a curve, Uk 
oontradifHoaion to the £*v9but, 

EVOLU'TE, tl|e firft ctrve fuppoiad to '' 
be opened or etolved, which in opening de« 
fcribes other corves. 

EVpLUTlOI^ {Gtmrtry) the onfbldina 
or opening of a cnrte, and making it form an 
eroluu. V 

EUPBFTICKS (of sJ»f+ii, Gr.) medi* 
cines) or other things that promote concoaion* 

BUPETALUS (s»Vlr«x^ Or.) a pre. 
dons Aona oi four ^{oun;, ttite* fiery, woitj^ 
vermilion and green $ aKb a kind of laurel. ' 

EUPHON'ICAL (of wfirrU, Gr.) havbg; 
a gnceful ibond. 

EWHOR'BIUM Uw^^, Gr.) thety. 
btsM Fernla, a tree or ihrub firft found by king 
Juha^ and fo called zher Xupbor^, his phyf 

ECTlITfiMy (in Panting^ Sculpture, 
&c.) a certain majefty, elegance and eafind$ 
appearing in Ibe compoution of divers membera 
of. a body or painting, rdultiflg from the finb 
proportion thereof. 

EU'RITHMY (with Arcbiteas) an exact 
proportion between all parts of a building, aa 
to length, breadth and height of each rooii 

EURCP^AN, !oforpertdaingtaJr»r0>#; 

EUSEMI'A (with PbvficioM) Si crifis or 
j«dgmcot of a difeafe excdJently well made. 
- EU'^TYtOS (with Archittas) a bmUiogy 
where the Intercohimniations, or fpaces be« 
tween each pillar, are joft i diameteisand^a 
quarter of the pllhr, except thofe in the mid- 
dle of the face before and behind, whkh am 
3 diameten dif^nt one from the other. 

EUTTHYMY (tutbjmia, L, of 4i^ti^, 
Gf.) qnietnafs of mind, tran^oUlity, hearten 
. BVULQATION, a pablifiOng abroad, £• 

BVUL'SED {tvn/fm, L.} plucked or pul- 
lod away from. 

EW^RICE (of sp» marriage, and b|ii^ 
^!^. breaking) adultery. 

EW'RY, an office in the king*t hooftoii 
where they take care of the linen hx tho «• 
king's own table, lay the clothy and iervg 
«p water In fiiver ewers af^er dinner. 

EXA'CERATED {acatermhu, U.) win- 
nowed, ckanied from chaff. 

EXA'CERBATED {exaeertaas, t.) pio* 
vofced or vexed afrdb. 

EXACERV A'TION, a heaping np togs* 
ther, L. 

BXACINATION, a taking the keniali 
ont of iF^pes and other fniit. 

EXACT'lTl/DE, enaneft. nicety, F, 

EXACUATION, the making of a thin$ 

BXiESTU ATION, a boiling or fDCthi^gf 
fnry or rage, t. 

EXAGGERATION (h& Mhetmtk) afi* 
gofc whereby the ttattr is^ifli or he^^ vo« 

• ■ Digitized by v iWPgSs 


Ain|>, flukiiif then appctf mon tfaaa t^ 
feallf an, whether m to fDodaefty badad^ 
or other qoaliriek 

EXAOGERATIOK (to Pmwtimi) a me- 
thod of reprefentiogthiii^, wheieia they are 
chvfcd too i)Q]ich» or marked too tnag; 
whether la refpca of deiign or coloariof . 
^PXAGOWAL {exMgomms, L. of i{«^ 
W&4 Or.) of, like, or pcitaininf to an £m- 
r«i. See HexaioM. 

EXALTATION (foi^iiffw/PiWSp^) 
li the aA or operatkm of tekvaiuigf ponfjmg> 
lobtiUAig or pcrfe£bh»g any nat«nd bo4j» its 
ffindpks or parU, as alib tha polity or 4if- 
pofition which bodid acquire by thh oparatioo. 
SXALTEDNESS, a hciiig etalted, high 
pr lifted up, height of promotioo. 

EXA'MPLE (w;th]Urror/VMiii)iiaefitaed 
to be an hpperfe£t kind of inductbn or ^a- 
mentatioo, whereby it it pfovtd, tikt a thing 
lahich hai happeaed on iome other occafionti 
will h'ppeo >g^n ^ the preliett one | frboi 
i^e finiilitudc of the cafes. 

EXAN1MATED (aeammatta, L.) dif* 
jiiay*d» dtfliearten*d, dcprivM of life. 

BXANTHE/MATA {i(*r^fUlm, Or.) 
certain wheats, pushes or breakings-out la the 
ikin of the head, like thofis that appear on 
the body. 

ZX/krrHtMATAlOGVA (Ifaf^*^- 
tf0.>,ayUt of lltMfAMU, and \kymt Gr.) all 
•ecoont or tieatifie of eniptife hwtnp the 
'loeafles and fmall pox. 

EXAS'PERATEDKESS (of exsj^atut, 
L.) inoeniedneiSy the being exafpcrated. 

EXAT'URATED {fxatMrmtus^ L.} ia6t- 
fiei, filled with food, 9c, 

EXAUSPICATION^ aa oiUiia^ begin- 
Afaig of a thing, L, 

nC/BCATIOK, a b&ndfaigor makbg 

EXCAL'CEATED (txcaIe*aiMi, U) har- 
lAg the ftocs taken off, bare- iboted. 

EXCALFACTORY {aUMifsamys, L.) 
heating, making very hot. 

EXCANDES'CENCB {tXMwdtfienttM, L.) 
great heat or wrath, violent heat, of diftea- 
pert. ^^ 

ZXCARN'ATED (rrr«rMfaf, L.} beeoine 
dean, nothing but Adn and bone. 

^o EXCEL [txci/U, L,) to ontgo hi good 
qoaUtiet, to fbrpafs. 

How heroes rife, how tatrioti fet, 
Tliy iatber*t bloom and death ttay tell ; 
• ExetHi^g othen, the(e were great | 
Thou greater iBll> moil thefe txeel. 
' Prhr. 

.To EXCEL, to have good quaHtios in f 
great degree, to be eminent, to be ezoeUent. 
' He matched their hcaDties where they mpit 

' Of Idrre foog better, and of arina at well. 

let th^ teach others, who themfelves txcJ^ 
And fao^eirsdy, who htn written weti^ 

EXCELLENCE 7 (etedkm, f. eM€iU 
EXCELLENCY 5 krur, L.) t. Thw* 
ftate of abooofiM ia any ^lod foality t a. 
dignky, high raak iaexifleace s g. the ftata 
of caodfiiig in any thing: 4. that in whidfe 
oae excels t $. parity, goodndss 6. a titla 
of hocoar. It k now ofually applied to ge- 
nenda of aa araif , ambafTadmy and foivcr* 

EXCELLENTNSSS {txeeHetitia, L.) c»> 

tXCELCIS/MUS (s^fJUBvyaip, G.) a bnafc. 
tag of bones iiom the Uiriaoe downwards^ iL* 

EXCEUSITUDE {aue^udt, U) Jrigk* 

EXCELS'E itxtOks, U) high, lofty, efc. 
£XCENn:RICALN£SS7(fl»wrrfnV, F. 
ENCiNTRlClTY ^artai^toiM^..) 
the qoality Of cecentrick pofidoa. 

DiUto^ EXC£P«T10N (m Ldm) h one 
hiteaded to defer or prercat the thajg fioai 
toming to an iflVie. 

Ptrm^^ Exception (in Lam) pro- 
per and pertinent allegations, foanded oa Ihmo 
prelcriptSon that ftaods for the defeadaat, at 
want of age, or other quality in the periba, tf <w 
' IkcJiMamy EXCEPTION, whereby the 
aothority of a judge or court ia di&Uowed* 

EXCEPTIONS (ia<?r«aoMr)qreceitati| 
dJftinfiioos of words whkh diSer in the aiaa^ 
oer of their declining from fome feaeral rolot 
4hlt and Mifi) liablenefs to be eicepred agamft. 
EXCEFTIOVS, captious^ prone to beof- 

EXCEPTIVE, fenring to otccpt, of QC 
belon^ng to exception^ 

EXCEREBROSE {fxarthtfm, L.) hnia- 
fick, wanting hrains. 

EXCER'£BRATED(aMW«draaif, L.) 
hating hk brains beat oot, waatiog braiiik 

To EXCERN (rxmnncre, L.) to kuik or 
Mi out. • . 

EXCES'SIVENESS ofueafffj. and urft) " 
exceedingneis, the going beyond bounds. 
EXCHANG'E (b a Law Semfk) is when one 
man being fiesed or poffeftM of certain lan(l, 
and another lieiiw fehted of other land, they 
exchange their Uads by 4eed indented, fr 
othcrwife, (b that each of them (hall hare 
other lands lb exchanged, in fee, fee*tatl, or 
for term of life : foch exchange ia good iritfc* 
out Bvery or feifia. 

EXCHANOt (la a Lam Stmfi) m A 
ofisd to lignify the €Qmpenfj(tion or iatis£iftioii 
wUch muM be made by the warrantipr or tbe 
watraotee,' raloc fbr value, if the land war- 
ranted be rtcoftttd from die warrantee. 

EXCHEWrER, oae of the law coorts 
erected by Winiam tbt co94neror^ and. ioRpfd 
on th^ model of that in Normaadj, ftt op tf 
Jt«//0; ft wai'cvtled' exahequer f^m'a pai^- 
coloui^dor ch^kgrcl do(h whkkonm m . 

Digitized by VjOOQIC^ * *^ A 


tlMttdiorityiif this court ins ib pnt, 
iaHtpo mui nipit contradict a ftntence pro- 
aooac*4 bere. In this ceut were tnnfccted 
die affiun of all the pe^t baraojcf in Engird ^ 
mi iQ /uch eftatwaf held in Cti//(«» and many 
other caufisa. The common pl«u were nfoally 
held in this coart until the 2Sth of Edvfard I . 

From the time of the conqoeft down t^that 
time the gicat barons of the realm> both ec- 
dduftictl and (ocular, were lenerallj the 
enljr judges of this court, the chief Jupidary 
letog pdfident i but afterwards canonifts anid 
etber inferior lay perfons learned in the law 
vcie«dmitted to the board, who were thmct 
oQed barons, becanfe they iat in the place 
tf tbofe who had that real dignity. 

Bktk B^k {f EXCHSQySR, a book com- , 
yoSri in the reign of king Hmy I J. A, D, 
Ii05» whkh is in the cuflody of the two 
^flBberlains of the Exchtfmr* 

VttM book contains a delcriptlon of the 
Xflfi^ court at that time. Its officers, ranks, 
fliroeges, powfr, junklictkNi» wagat» P*^ 
^ifita i alfo the revenues of the crown in 
BMiey, grain and cattle. 

By ditsbook it appears that as much bread 
fiifht be bongl|t for a flulHng as wonk) fcrve 
joosBCtt a whole day ; that the price of a frt 
bollock wu about twehe ihiilings, a Aeep 
6arflBlliagi,tfr. - 

EXCHi&Q^'ERED fof Vtxchepuin, F.) 
pat ioto^ or ated to aniwer ttf an accsfotion 
cdAited ia the Miechmef'tmrt, &c. 

To £XCia>£ [excidtrt^ L.] to fiUl or flip 
oat of. 

EJCCItTERATED {txcinmwt. In) har- 
hi the aAes taken away. 

IXCm^ a duty or Impofition laid on 
Air, Ak^ Cyder, yiiiig4Ur, S§a^ J^c. Thia 
daiT was firft granted to K. Cbatlit II. duf- 
iBgUiliie, and has been contiaoed through- 
cut Ewgltmd and H^ala ever ilnce, and haa 
kea aaguMRted by fereial Pmiiamean fince, ' 
aod exten d ed to Scofland* 

Tbccxdic ii one of die greateft branches 
flf the revenue, and has been for mer l y hnotd 
eat| but now is ananaged by feven commit 
Wrs fer the king, who fit at the general 
uok oftce in the (Utf Jiuy, Lindon, and re- 
cetve the whole product of the excifc upon 
Mdk^ Bto', Ak, JIgc. that is eoUceted ail over 
jriX^aitf,*and pay H hito the exchequer. 

Ihcy aie alloivada (ilary of 800A ftr an- 
' one aacs, and are iwom iiot to accept ai^ 
ittormrafd, Irom any perienbut the king 

Fmm thefe comaiffioQarl Aere lies an ap- 
ffiU 10 five ethen, called eommifioneia of 
ifMl the nnnyberof clerka, coljectora, aTr, 
hvcry mincfipusy and the darge of that ia- 
Jufcs hu been computed at about 300000 /• 

nCISION (with ^nr^awif} a totting off 
•ay member, or part of the body, F. of L» 
ttCk'^W{exQtaut, If. ^i0ti, F.)iMrr 

xed upi eggjfid on, eflcouragedi eidckened. 

EXCLAMATION (with kht,) a figui^ 
wherein by laifing the voice and nnng an in-' 
teijediott either ezp^dy or underAood, an 
uncommon vrarmth and ptiBon c^ mind ia 
exprefsM ; as O heavens I O earth! to you . 

EXCLA'MATIVE, of Of pcrtainmg i^. 

EXCLAMATORY {ficelamgttnuf, L.) 
peruining to exclamation. 

EXGLU^IONERS (hi the time ofllbg 
Cbtirkt il.) a name .given to thofe n^nbcrs 
of parlisment that were ie^ excluding thf > 
duln of }VA from theerown. 

BXCUT^QKS (with MMmmidan) a 
method of eommf at the £»lotion of peoblem» 
(b Numerical C9&I) hf previoolljr ^e^teg ot 
exchiAig Out of our q w inder a tion'fuch num- 
bers, which are of no ufe in folviag the^viefo 
tjooj and whereby ofconfequcn^theptoceft 
may be reguiariy and judBdottOy abbieviafed* : 

EXCLV9IVEKSSS (of ixdm/hm^ L.) 
evduflve euaKiy. 

mtmifUs, L.) the bang tfuU of» or of $he 
nature of excrements. 

BXCRESCENT (excnfcen, L.) gto«h% 
out of another. 

EXCRETORY (in jtMitm) certain (niaU 
duQs or veflels making part or the compoC^ 
tion or ftni^ora of the glands are called £«« 
crtt»rf Dti^, \ 

EXCSLVK:tASLE[anrBeiaMii, U)n 

thy to be tormentsdr 

RU^IATED {exendsm, L*) tQ»> 
mented or put in pain. 
EXCULCPATED (axn»{M/ar, L.) carved 

XXCUISABLENS8S (emwfaii/h, L) that 
whereby a thing isexculahle^ ormeritanonfiiela 
of being excvied. 

EXCUS^ABLE {txtuffaUUu L. ) that my 
be ftaken of cfaspwn off* 

EXCU'TIENT {ejcaiiitm, L.) OaJoa off« 

BOCE AT (r. #. let hia go out) a flsrm ufed 
hi church dlfcipline, for a permiffion which n 
bUbop grama ton pckfttogoootof htadi»« 
cefo, /.. ■ • 

BXE'CRABLENESS {tMnnAilu, L.) ac- 
cnrfedneft, impipnlheis. 

EXECRATED {4M«rer»«, L.) accwAd. 

Ffiui lXECUTION.(in Ltm) h that 
which makes flBoney for the defendant's goods, 
and extendath hia huidi and dellTeia them to 
the plantiff* 

Miiit^ EXECUTION, is the pillage or 
plundering of A conntry by the enemy's army. 

EXE'GESIS (with RUtcriaatu) a figure 
wherein that which the orator has delivered 
darklv, he afterwards renders more dear'and 
intclligiUe in tl)e iame (entenc^ u 7iii# at 
thejami i^mtfumtd kotkftang •idfimt \ Imz 
in ti^fr^rdRtm 9f 41 sMa'i 2ifimyWtd fnfft 
in (h^fdea/nrr rf" tiiUmg u miMd^ 

J| b a Digitizedby vaOi BXBfr 


IXEOinCALNESS (oTtt^iyJ^ Off.) 
todcplain, esplanatorioorjieft. 

EXELCIS'MUS (with^anx«Mit)aheak- 
iig «f bonci from the forfAoe downwarilt. 

EXEM'^LAR (fJMH^Ztfr, F.) aperfoiior 
thing centamtDg an exaoipk to Mkm or 
ifthew^ aiampUr £. 

EXEM'PLARINESS {ixmpUriut, U eg- 
tfi^kirt, F.) SiUnah «r norfliiaeft t» be an 

mnMSPUTKtAmOH, mdeawiiftratlflg 
a thtt* bf ati examfk $ alio a copjr of an 
^niginar wilting, L. 

EXEM'PLIFtED {pHmpiifiiMm, L.1 

profe4 or eonAnnai <9 aa 
or iaAaaca | aIS» copied out fima a deed'or 
wiltin g* _ 
To EX'ERCISE (tmfert, L.) to haifait 

«XE«:GASI'A fwidb Mht$tHwim) » 6- 
cake,, wkeli one tblnig ii often n^ieatod in dif- 
iaia\ tormt, %t.tbe,ti^ ^ihmffm, the 
tMttrtaiimtnt •/ bit difiomrfi, -fmd tH emum-' 

^HM ^f bis "htsrf 

t EXER/GUb'? (ori{«fed2(>w» Cff.the 

EXER'GUM C woik) a Cem anong 
nUiMWfih )iM to Agniff lltt little fpace left 
around or withoot the work or figuxce of t' 
iuMlaly'for an lalcriptita, cfpher, devke, 
4»^ e0c. to be placed thaia. 

£XFO'UAT^ (i'tstftii^ F.of i» and 
fillum, L. a leaf) fcaled, rifen op, ai leate^y 
ittk^f or fpfihcenof a brdlCett booe do. 

EXFOLIATION (Swpty) a rifing ap 
4b leaw«i aftd ^llateia tt a Sraun bone doet^ 
tt* . 

EXFOLIATIVE 7^|^». .eiie proper to 
fcrape> and at the (ame time to pierce a bone» 
aiid io to exfoliate or taUb mnal teavai or ! 
Iliket oe« after anodier* 

EXGURGITA'TION, a cafting or void- 
tog dp, F.ofL. 
. EXHA'LANT (txbalMf, L.) finding out 
ah cxbaladoat • 

EXfl AL ATIOM. ii iiime ornponr whkh 
is raUed op ftoea the finftce of tflie earthy 
dther by tlia heat of the brn, or iubterraDe. 
out fire» of whkh nictieon, as mlftt, logs. 
Hit), 'fnow, hul, fife aft pMduoedy F. of L. 

EXHALATION (with C»^iaf» an ooe- 
Fstloc, by DMeaas of which the more •itr, 
Volattte paits of thidg^ asa railed and difperied 

EXH AVST'ED JKaosmr (in fi^MWte/ 
PUhJopby) a glaft or other veflel appGed on 
the plate OT the airfumpy and the air extract- 
ad out of the iaoie by tha warkbg of the an- 

EXHAUSTIONS {in Mmhtmatiih) a 
way of proving the eqaalityof twoowgnitadet 
by a MimBh 44 shjudmmi Ihewing that if 
one be fippofed etcher greater or left than the 
oth«r, there will trile a coatradtttiBCiloB. 

tniadiaf his foa fiom idioithig his cftatt. 

E 3t 

;EXHE11SSIS (c3rA^rr^, I. ^ ^4Ji^ 
Or.) a chinvgfcal operaHoo, wheicbytoM- 
thing fbrei|n, nfeleis, and even peinidMii ii 
taken ftom'a human body. 

EXfHiBENT {tftbihaa^ L.)4RhibitiBt. 

EXHUMATION, theactof diQiai^ 
a body interred in holy gsoiind, by the aaun- 
rity of the judge. 

To EXlCCATFCcx/cr^ftf, LAta^w^ 

U'IGENCE, need, occaCooji thatwlUft 
a thing requires or is foitable thereto. 

EXaOENCY \ a pinch or ftnigbt } m 

EXf'GENCE 5 expedient or occa£ofl. 

E9IGENTE11 1 an officer of tht 

tXlGENDARY 5 coBit of Cmmm' 
FltaSf who makes out erigents anA fnB»^ 
aMtioosia all adsoni in wluch ptocs6 of est* 
lawry lies. 

EXtOtroUSNESS (or^aiAir, U) flttk< 
neiss Imalhieft. 

ZXVLt {exitium, L.) dtf pUo^ « Of- 
fering of baniflimentfe 

£XlLaUM {Old Law) a wafle or dsCies- 
tioo of lands, hooiosy woodv ^f' alfo s pe« 
jodice donetoaneflafee, by alterii^the coo- 
dirion or teanre iof it, either by ^jeAnb 
adranoiog, &c, 

EXIMI'OUSNESS 7 (mwumit t; 

EXlMlfETY \ cKcelkacytMtt* 

blenefty Vr. exceHantaei. 

EXISTENCE {txifitn^, F. of «rjM4 
L.) that wherebya thing has an a^bsl<^ 
or that whersby a thing is faid to be Min 
by Natur^flt io be that whkh aey tbiq|» 
ftnnaUy apd hittinficaliy, altho' leytnuA 
from iti caules ; (b that thediftreneebeteoa 
exiilence and efleace is, that cxiisncthlK 
asaflner af the thing, and efleoos iilhetw| 

r^mahhhYSinTf logo oil tbeiiM<*; 
actor $ alio to die. , • , 

EXITIABLE {txUmhiHt, L,) >"««% 
dellructive. ^ . . 

EXOTOARY (in the Jtaewa rrmij) 
droU or mimic, who appeared oa tbc 
when the tragedy was aodedj 
the B^tdimm. 

JXOULTi, liM$hn»p L.) hM cr 
ad, asflowersy Qfr. 


EXOMOLOOE'SIS (•f(^«M>«^' 
confefflao b an accfefiaiieal 

EXON'CHOMA (of s{» , _^^^ 
afweilmg, Or.) any large pw»iotf«'»«f* 

EXO'RABLENESS, salfldiiokii 
treated^ • 

a path) a thng done oat of ■qw M? 
or rale, an iriegalaiity, aaoMetwwWjJ*^ 

EXOR'CISM, eenafa.pca3fert*»«^«" 
to difpofleft devils { this cnAea^ wn >« a"* 
the primitive timet of Chriftiamtyi *•"■•£•! 
tiifldbyG&ff/andhisdikipkil ^JS^ 
woUafloied of their l^ytn »pf J*»^ 
cafions, thattheypublkkirdto*^^''"^ 
thdr iivctvpon the foccds. 


■ EX 

. He cfcwck <»r JtMif ilToW ddt tint 

nsB the ci^duJity w tbor Uiad addrtn. 

EXORCISM (of f^oeii^^^, Gr.} a lay- 
iog or Mftiiig out fpiritt ; pnyer» or conjnn- 
tbi^ wfcetcwHh to cxorcUc^ /. e, to dm^ out 
kenk from pedbiM poffellej* to purify crea- 
ttfts ojicleixi* or prderve from danger, 

EXOrTIVE Ificortkmt, Im\ pextaialiig 
Id the fifing of the fan^ or tlie eait. 

EXOS^ ATED (<9r#««if L.) havifl^ the 
Wv pvUei out* 

EXOSTOSIS (It^TMrtCj ofi^aiia V<o»>Gr. 
tbeae; die fasodung or (welCag of a bone 
«et of ill natural p)ace« occafioned by the 
ftitfiqi of a corrvpt humoor in its proper (ub- 
ftince, L, of Gr, 

EZOTflCALVSSS, oDtU^difiMseA. 

EXOTICAL (etcwttt^ L.) brought Oat 
^ another coontrjFF 

EXOriCKS (*x9tic^, t,) ioKigifpIaott. 

totXPAUD i*xf>amd(,, t.) t. Tofpread, 
iBkyopen ai a.fict .or Aeci t ^ to dilate^ to 
%Radoi»eyery way^ to diffuTe^ 

Aloflg the ftteajn fif tima Cby ^nc 
inH^df&u, and gathers aU It* fiunt. 

fiXl^AliSE (tjyaa/irii^ L.) a body widely 
maki iwthpiit fre yia li tiet. 

A mormoring ibond 
<)fr%aiiniflM lirom a «ave) and ^^viad 
Noaliaudplaia; then AoodiiMOf^ 
m « the Maj jiJ< of hea?*ii« 
^ ^ ^ . JMWf. i^iir.I^, 

£i tbefineoth a^amfi of crytaliakei^ 
Tk fokiqg ft^ne at iri^ a circk makes ) 
gc^iaUiag f«rface« by the«|otionfliiir'd, 
gKeii ia a iecood circle^ then a third y 
wiicf and mart wide, the ^t^ng nogi ad- 

IVlU the «at*i7 flaii^ and to «b« nargin 

EIPAMSIBIUTY (t^ffiagfia t.) capa- 
My of cafviifioD { poflibjtity to be expanded^ 
•%reid into a wider farface. * 
. OJAOTIBLE (of 4^^«»i*/», L.)capa. 
JJ^f being expanded, ^mtA wide or 

wisim.^io£0xfbAfM^ 10 of or per. 
«»»i«gtoexpanfion. . 

UPANftlON (in a MeUifMi^I finfe) 
'^^ we fraane in our minds oflaiUng Jk« 
•••«. wbofe parti exift together. 

.eXPATlATINO («^i!M», tA mo- 
*^ «bmed, iaancMng out into diftoade. 

JXPEC^ABLE {enM^abiUi, JL) to be 
••Jed or looked for. 

UFECT'Airr Fr# (In Cm.Um) land 
^•••••■Mw, and to the heiriof hit body, 
« i*n»iiider to him and his heln« in which 
iie tiiT' ^ * ^<K*^>"plo fspeOant after the 

^^fi'WEKCB, fit^eft, Beccfl4line6 to 




fitnefs, coiivenieiktneia. 

EXPEDITArnON (la fW/ £m) tht 
cutting ont tho balls of a dog*a iBio^^feet ftr 
the prtftrvitldn frf the game. 

qnkkncfs of difpatch. 

EXPEK9IVENESS t«f <»#(«*»*> L.) 
coftlinefs, freeneft id fpei»iing. 

EXPERIMENT [aftriw^Mtwm, U) cf« 
hj, trial, proof | trhd of the efibft or refdt 
of eertain ap^licationi ant motiona of aa* 
tnral bodies, in order to difeover fomollimg cf 
thelawt and natural thereof, Wc* 

EXPERTOfESS (of 4)tf€rtmi, U) nM* 
nefsy ikilfubiefii, dfo 

ES^PE'TIELENESS (Of tx^ttOmi, L.) 
defirablenefs. ^ 

^XTIATORINESS («f t^piatwht, L.| 
expiating quality. 

£;CPLAN^ATORIHESS, ofiicatif* 

E^^ETIVENESS (of a^flttmi, U% 
expletive or filling up ouaUty. 

EX'PUCABLEN£SS(ofM^'<»^/»i, lU) 
capabieneft of hehig explafaied. 

EXPU^ITNESS iQfu^dau»L»)€m' 
preCnefs, plabmoffr 

To EICPLO^E lefixMkrt, L.} to diii* 
out with noiiCe, as. with dapping of the IttoA^ 
ATf. to hUt out, to di/Iike afafolotd|« 

EXPtO^^TED (o^otti, L.) tfa»- 
foufthly viewed. 

EXPLaRATORT {atfrnrmmw^ M 
pertaini;9g to Searching or e^yiqg* 

^XPLO^SIOK, an exploding, a taftii^ 
off, theaftioQ of a thing thatdiivei another 
oat of its place, that befofre it pofleObd. 

EXPLOSION (with NaturaJiA) an aaiflfe 
of the animal (phiti, whereby the Unrves aaa 
iuddeiUy drawn togi^ whea fimie particlea 
of a different kind are mbtdl with the fpirit^ 
hj which they are violently expanded or fpread 
forth, or driven hito cQnlufioiO, like the parti 
of fired jgon-powder } 4lfo a violent expan- 
Ann of the parts of jdr, giinrpowder, or'aoy 
floid that Qccafion a cracking Covod. 

EXPOLITION (in Rbetmek) a fifort 
whereby the iamo thwf is explained in dif. 
ftrent phiafes, in orde^ to ibew it more fiiUft 

EXPOHEN'TIAt <of ai^«8#ai, L.) ec- 
poondiog, Uymg opep to view. 

EXPONENTIAL Curva (with MUtbm0^ 
HtisMt) are foch corves as partake both of the 
natore of AlgArmck^xiA tranfceodent ones. 
They partake of the .^^mV^I, becaufe ther 
coofift of a finite number of terms, tho* thofa 
tenptthemfelvet' ate hi tbeaodelves f'ai^ir. 
mnattf 4uid they are in ipoaf fort trtrnfinAn* 
tal, bocaufe they canaot be conftrodcd Al' 

. EXPONENTIAL EftoiiiM (whh A^- 
tbmtit,) are the lame toat are caUed Gf* 
manitk nrstiemls, by Sir IJaae JNtwiMf and 
fometiiBti are called Trgn/teadiMta/s. 





matich) m fiich 

^mwikimC^ tUAt- 

9fK of fBftnX degraci aoi oitet} as whea 
theEaspommt'm/^ bteaauBitt fua- 
lity, k It caUrf — B jff m emti0f 4l the fiiftor 
lowdldegfie. Whea the £iyM»rWclfk 
0.£^M/of thefifft4egve^ ^cDtheqaas- 
titjr it an £j«MmsrMi/ of the mcob4 degree. 

EXPORTER («iy«rMftr» L.)« BMnhant, 
0c. that ieois goods into other CDontriet^ 

EXPOSITION (m Mhnmuk) a £gve> 
wherebv the Cune thing is cxpJaiiied in dif • 
IbcfltMiraicsoreifieflions^ m ovAertolhcv 
aoire deafly. 

EXPOST (£#«) a tcm aieA of a thii« 
^OM after the time* 

tXPOSTULATOR, one who Rafims by 
iranfofcponlabtof mong dene, L, 

EXPOSURE 2 (in Csrdmmr) the 

EXPOSITION 5 «l^ or ftfoa^ of 
n garden-wall, ImUdnigf or the Kke, with 
fe%cdto the &% wiadi^ fif^« 

To EXPRESS/ (mMfi^ ^P- ^ '^^ 
wuhtf !«• 1 to poortiw or icoRxnt* 
^ EXPRES'SIOK, a thii« ntteicd or^okn 

%rPRESSION(bi Pdwtmg\ then^taral 
0bA Hvely aeraelentatipa gi the ivkitCL, or of 
the feversl objefis intended to be ihewiu 

EXPOC^ABLE {atf^m, L.) that 
Ipar be orercome or woo by a^aul^. 

EXPtrL3ION (in »Udidm\ the a^ of 

' ' ( a thiogOQt py fioleace nom the pUct 

E]|PyRQATtON (b 48rwM9).ia a 
terai ttied Sjr fome aothoff for the ftate nnd 
iidioo of the fin, wherein^ having fanen e- 
^ipfed and hidden by tl^ ioterpofition of the 
■loon, it begins to appear j^fMO \ others c^ 
it emerfion. 

EXH^ISiTENESS, fitBcfs, excdlealpcft, 
.turioufiKfsy exa^lneft, ardfidalneft. 

EXQU IS(TITIOUS (ofutfitiHrn, I.,) 
sot natursL but procured by art. 

EXSAN^GUINOUSNESS (of /# and /ifr* 
^inews, L.) the qusD^ of being withoot bflood. 

EX'SCRIPT {asfirifium, !»*)•> v^^ an 
oxtraA or draogbt. 

EXSIBILATION, a hiffing ont or of the 
«a|c, t. 

EXSICCATION, a drying vp, L. 

EXSICCATIVES (of emfittan, L.) me- 
dkamentf that are of a drying qnality. 

EXSUOCOUS {exfuccmi, L.) dry, with^ 
•ot m<^ifttire. 

EXTA, the boweb or intrailt of «n antnial 

EXTASy ^ («rrtf/i,L.or8RC«#t<«Gr.) 

EXTACY 5 a rapture or removal of tho 
ailnd ont or its natttral ftate and fitnation { a 
iepravation or defe^ of tbe jodgmAt and 
t'maglnatjon, common to melaneholy and 
dtitracted perfoos, or a tranfport whereby a 
pihn 1$ btkriNd out of himieir, and hii Anfea 

; a Haace, a i 

otatical qnality ; or die bdog ia eztafy. 

EXTEMPORALTTY {mtmforditm^ 
I*. J a prooptnen or w s dintB to ipeax wini* 
oot ywrnedi t aijoii or ftndy* 

I«.| cstemponl, indden* 

EXTEIifPORINESS, the befac 
pory or fiMden, without premeditation. 

To EXTENiy {exuUirt^ L.) to ftretdi 
on^ to my i Tft longer, to icacfa or go nr« 

To EXTEND (in ^ Legal Smfe) bttf 
vilne the lands and tenements of dne boond 
by ftatnti^ 9«« and hath lOi /cited his hood, 
to fnch an indifFerent rate, that by the yearly 
fCBt. dbe oUjgttor may in thne be folly paal 
hisdebt . 

To EXTEND « htrft, fignifies to aoake 
him golaigb 

SXXEN^IBLENESS(of mmfhilis, L.) 
capabloiels of babg eiteniod or caxiied on m 

XXTEN'SOR (/.«. aftreteheriMit)^ 
name common to divers mofcles, wmdi k^po 
to cK t c nd or ftretcn ooC the parts | pnttien* 
lady the h ands and feet, L* 

EXTEN'SIELE, that may be tretched oot 
laige and wide. 

EXTEN^SIVENESS, largenelb ftiettft* 
la gontw ide. 

EXTENT' (teiMtar, L.) extended* ' 

7Ar EXTENT wf m mug Uxttwtmm, Lj 
tlieexten^on, or reach of a twg m lMgd( 
bivadth, depth, oompais, fpace, tfr. 

EXTENT 9f tf« Utm (among f^ p cw rt a 
the fabjed in which that idea agfees; %Uch 
is aUb called the inferior of a general tenn^ 
trhicik with refjpea to them Is caBed fnperierf 
•I the idea of a triangle In genetnl exieall 
to all the diven kinds of trt^gles* 

EXTERItflNATED {txtemhmt^ LA 
driven or.caA out of the bounds, otterly def« 
tiipycd, footed oot or cut off. 

BXTBROENT (cirrerjsar, L.) wipfag i* 
way » des niing* 

E^TTE'RIOR Pefygoa (in ntti/SMtitu) 
the outlines of the^toZrks drawn fi«m tm 
ootmoft angle to a|other i or the dUbncesf 
one ontftaid hatiA «n the point of aBothcr, 
fcckope^ quite fqund the work, 

EXTERIOR Tahi (in Fmtjkathm) is the 
flops allowed the work cin the Ootfidc firdm 
the place, and towards the campaign and field* 

EXTERtTAI. Jturih imGtamei'^) am 
the angles of any nght-lined figure witkeet 
it, when all tbe fides are feverally pfOdoesi* 
and they $nf aU taken together, e^ml t» 
four right angles. 

EXTERNAL Dige^fmet Qmfk Sw^gn^) 
are foch as ripen a twelKng, and breed gMi 
and laodsble matter ia a wound, and p(fp«» 
it for mondifieation. 

EXTER'NALNESS (of txttmwt, L.) dm 
being without or d»e pcopeity of bo^r*^* 

• Digitized by VaOOQl^ 


ttTBJUt AlfEOUS {tMorMmm, U) Jb* 
|%ib or of aDothcr coutty* 

T» BXSTIU la^Of, L.) to dfop or dlftU 
fit of. 

trriNCTIOK (with Cb^ijh) k the 
(iKBcliiiig of red hot minerals in fome Uqaor^ 
i»akaiB thdr flnrpoefs, or to Import thdr 
fvtw to chat tinoor, F. of £. 

IXTINCT'NESS (of txtiaaus, L.} the 
USag eitiittiiilhed or extind* 

EZ1WICES (of MM, ^ntfaOi, and nr. 
fiimt, L. M h&Tpca) the iame u mmj^m ) 
iHiach ftt« 

f^MtiHf L.) pat or placed out of a conftelJa- 

UETRACnriON (in Oi»iaUcf] k the 
fe, ftan» branch, or fiunlly thai one it d«- 
'IXlfLAt^fON ^ fB« btfuadrait roof (In 
^^ictavifil) if the untwiitijig or opcnh^ of 
a^«n ■Bsabcr toiod another number, which 
W« Bohiplied bv itldf, and the prodiia alfo 
WftimoMpfied by Ufeif^ may product the 

tZTRAOT^Y (ffrtr^amMt, L.) that 
hi Athc namre or powe r to draw out. 

CrrRAGENEITT (of 9xtregmm, L.) 
At bdog of a foreign kind. 

2ZTR AJobrCIAL (of ««ni udjudici' 
A, L.) doae-out of tho oidinaiy coorie of 
law, aa when jodgoMoC it glvea hi a ooort, 
ii which Oacaafeia not depending^ or where 
thakdeehaa aojofifliaion. 

£rntAllAT17RAL (of mrm and mm- 
nii)be«wnd dio conmon oomie of aatote. 

EZTRAOROINAllINESS (of cirratr. 
^barrai, L.) cttmsdinary qnali^. 

wAfmubUl^ L.) the bdng out of the paoA* 

fmh JL otravtigMM*, P.) cKii afa gan cy» 

SZTllAVASArriON (with jhs^Jh, 
Jlc) a geoifig o«t iu pi e pe r vefleis, at the 
"blBoil and humowi, when 'by Ibme accident 
tfcnr flow hrftirt the vdu and actirica, L» ' 

AEXTXR^ME {ftmtmmm, L.) the nt- 
mi* botfid of a thing, that which lintftetar 
minatea it j an firftitt 

E3CTKBMES (in Ligtfri] am tha two ex- 



mrma of the condaion of a propoAtlDB, 
ha pmdfcata and thafobfea. 
TR£M£a«Y (mMMMar, P.) very 

f ntEMBrmSS (Mfrawfrai, JL.} cUft- 
alfe greataaft, Wt. 
PCTR IC ACTION, a diftntasgfemcnt^ t. 

OB tiM oanM^ oatwara, or nom witlMiC* 
EXntmsiGALHESS (of iSfrfificm, L.) 

To XXTaV6TH«>f'«AM L.} 1 


HXTD'BEROUS (of «x and /af^, t. d 
fweliittg) fwelling or bunching one. 

ZXTU'BEROUSNESS [of €XiuheratMtJL,) 
the fweUing or bunching oot of the body. "^ 

EZU/BER AHC Y (exukramia, L.) an 
overflowing* over-abounding, a foper-abvnd- 
ance, great plepty* 

EXU'BSRANTNESS (exuhetamia, L.) 
an OYer«aboondiog { a diper*abttadance, gr^c 

EXUL'CERATED {uaUaratMi^h,) gioM 
to an ulcer. 

EXULGBRATION (widi Surgecm) zdp^ 
hition of continttity, which prooeeds ftom 
Ibme knawfaig matter, and in thofe parts of 
the body that are ibft, ii attended witha loft 
of thcfr qaantity, ^. . 

EXUL'CERATORY {mtu^atcrivt, L.) 
tliac caoieth uioeri. 

r» EXUN'GULATE (sxttftgulatsm, L.) 
to poll off the hooft, aUb to cut off the wido 
part from rofe Icavev. 

£XU'PERABLENESS(of«n^«ni»//rj, L.) 
hableneiii or poffibility of being overcome. 
EXUrpERANT (txuperaus, L.) exceedhig. 
EXU'PERANCE [ix^ftrMtia, L.) excel- 
lettcc^ pra^enineBce* 

EYE {oL'g, Ssx. mtgt Teot. eer/, F. oca* 
Jht, L.) jhe adminbla organ and inihumenC 
of fight, by which the fool iees or peroshret 
obje& either oearnr or farther dff, &€, ■ 

Tile form of the eye it for the moft part 
globout or fomewhat of the fpherical form, 
which ia accoonted the moft oommodiooa 
optical fbroA, u bekig the fitteft to conuim 
the hnmowi witUn, and to receive the imape 
of opddtt from without ) the humoon be- 
ing thereby laid commodioafly together \m 
peiftrm the office of iefra£Uont and the 1U» 
tina, and evoy other part neatly adapted re-^ 
gultf ly to receive the miagea from witlioo^^ 
to convey them accoidingly to the coamonk 
iaofory of the brain. 
EYE (with Pbjfoint) a hole or apertore. 
EYE (with Jtwtihrt) the Jufhe and brtt« 
liant of pearia and pitdoat ftonca, noom ufoaJly 
caU*d the waur. 

BuWt EYE (b Afimom) a ibr of th« 
firft magnitude in the eooflelhtien Tturut, 

CttU EYE> a prcckmt ftonei called alfr • 
dtdu Solis, or the fun*t eye« 

Bdrt*s EYE (with Phjjkismt) a dUeafe a* 
rlfing nom the cootraftion of the npper eye« 
hd, which hindera it from covering ita paiC 
of the eye« 

Gotu's SYB (with QnSJh] e white fpeck 
on the <«rartf • 

BmIM*9 eye (ia j^MtOm'i) a little fty« 
light In the covering or roof, intended to in*, 
minate a graaaty or the Uke. 

EYE-BROW (j^rdUt,) the tuat aa QA or 

EYE ff tit yoixti '{Airtlut>) the centre of 
the votote, or that point vrhete the fftUx or 
fpiial, of whk» U la ftfiiifd, eiMieoteai 

Digitized by VjO^. Of* 

^ eJie It it the IitUcdrcle in t&e middle of 
dke ToJota, wherein are /bond the rj centkes 
ftr defcribiog the circumvoltttfens thereof, 
« ' EYE of^n oMcbor, a hole wherein the ritag 
is rat into the (htnk. 

farB ^ fhe Strgf (with 5^/0ri) the CDffl. 
pais or ring whieh it left of the ftrap-rope^ to 
which any block or puUejr it fifieoed. 

XVEIJESSj wantiog or not htvlflg eyes. 

aittbs iizthM^ of their ra(pe4iv« 
laphabeti* The Gnth and Hthr^wi harv no 
lettertlbc anfwfft eiaOly to the kt«sr Fj 
ftat thofe that come the oflarBA to it, we thfi 
^ ^^ ^f, Ofwk, and J), ^» HdwBw. 

Some reckon the letter Ta imite, and othen 
m fcmi-tow«r. Suitmta fayt the emperor 
Cteadius invented this letter and two othen^ 
«nd that it had the force of V coofoaant^ and 
wat written interted j. 

F, iUil keeps its force, and when It it the 
Uft letter of a word, is always doobled^ as 
ibif, ffiflT, muif, Gfr. 

f (in Old Latin IhmAen) figi^fid ^ 
, F with a4a(htt top. fignified 40000. 

F (in Mi^l) n tee of the £gned cleft or 
keys plaord ^ the beginning of one of the 
liass of a^ piece of muiick. 

F. & A« (in Fbjfoal PrifiHpeunt) ftands 
istfstficut^im artm, L. I*/, let it be done 
according to art« 

FABA^OUS ^^^oukM, U) of or be- 
lea^og to a beant .>' 

. FABA<ILlA(f4t)i^tMe^)oipuicorllTe. 
kaga X. ' 

#AniII» aji ancient and notaUe faml^ in 
JUnw of long ftandingy dkntted with 7 die- 
(atorihipty 5 offices of maiter of the horfe, 
7 cenfoHbipt, 48 CDofaiaups ivkh eonfolar 
power, 5 princes of the ieaate, 13 triomphs, 
and 2 ovatloDib 

. r« FA'BLB {dirt iti ftkUt^ i.fikvhn^ 
!••) to tell ftories or lablet. 
; PABU, an iaooceat, diverdog and amn- 
ling Aory« wiiich onder the dtiguiie of beaAe, 
trees, .^Tc di£co«rfing together, hieroglyphl- 
caliy contains a moral inflniAkm for the !•• 
.golating our behavoor in the fovenl ftatioos 
of life 2 alfo the name Able U fometincs nfod 
•in % down nght lie or forgery, invented to 
4eoeive or amufe peribns, that they may not 
i» ahle to qme at or find oat the truth. 

FAkLE {^uiEpiek poem) is the piincipal 
0Mt/6t ibiil of it. The firft thing a good 
poet qught to thuk on in forming a fable, is 
the Inhruction he woold g^re by the moral. 
This mmX li to be aftenMods redoced into 
•ctfcn s and this action, which b preiieptid 
hf the VBcfcil, muff be univerfal, imitated, 
irigaed, aa4 (ha allegory 9f a BMtai tn^ 


JtjfMaa/ F ABLES» are idatibM of tytt 
foppofed to have been fald and done by aea, 
and which might poffibly have been fiud and 
done by men, tho* really thqr were net the - 
(amc as parable^ fnch as that of Dkres sadf 

Moral FABLES, ate thofe whereio beafts 
are introduced as fpeakafi or actors j alfo tiee% 
^r. tbefe are the lame as apologoes. 

Hf/xT FABLES, are tboft whi Ji are coo. 
pofod of both forts ration^ and moral, where- 
in men and bnitoi are introduced coovttft^ 
together. . 

Fabler (fahldter, L.) aa faventor « 
maker of fables. 

FA'BRIC (fahri€a^ U) a baliding, or aof 
thing thst is framed. - ^ 

To FAiBRICATE (fiAiifaetrt, L.) Ir 
frame, erect, build, 6fr. 

FABULAnr'IOK, the moiaUsfog of laUe^ 

FABULATOR, an ioventer, mitar oe 
teller of ftories, ftbles, novels, fif^. 

FAB'ULOUSNESS (faMofioi^ L.) foU. 
oefi of fables, felgnedneS. falienefi. 

FACAO^E^ theootfideorfore-fio&t of a 
gr^t building, F. 

FACE (facm^ U) the vi««e or cooate. 
nance of any living creature, but e^edally of 
mankind, by the feveral appearances of vhkb^ 
the difpditioo, inclmatioo and paffioas tbt 
partkular perfons areinciiaed to, eraiie acted 
by, any be very ratioAaQy made a jndgmsat 
of, without the infbrmaifoa of the party hisH 
folf; wbkh Is called i>^2^;«a«7, ^Au^^ 

To FACE, to look toward facli ailde, or 
to torn to It} alTotoUae, astaCMCAg^er 
fleeves, &e* 

FACE prtih^id Oa FWfrjfeatiMr) ( tihet 
part of the Um ofdtfenet rfxaat, ^fckh ii 
betwixt the an|le of the Aoalder and d^ ctf. 
Uitt I or the Um »f deface r^tuvt, dimfaawi 
by the length of a face. 

FACE of a gun, is the fopetfiaes of the 
OKtal, at the extremity of the mania. 

FACStf ajhnt^ istheforfiKe or pboetf i 
aftoae, which is to lie In the ftiaitaf thaj 
work. , ■ 

FACBT/(with JtwMnt ^c.) a Sttl6 fida | 
of a. body of a diamond, ^«. oat loto a g^ j 
number of angles. 

FACETIOUSVESS of (facatimM^ F. aT 
/wtfei, ist/uAim, L.} merty dlfoo^xi^ OC j 
pleafantnefi and wlttiaeis in wocd^ 

FAC£A*s t (m Anbit*amrt\ oQamdH 

FAaAS r pronottooedbywarkMnM 
fyfiim'if the broad fifb or filleca oooumM 
made ija aithitravas, aad fa& dbe coipata of |a«' 

FACILE'NESS (fmSmh UjaaAiMl^l 
readinafs to gesat or do any thiagg ^6k% 
conrteoafoels. ^c. 

FACIN'0{IOUSN2SS ff4€im^m,h4 
tiUaoy, wickedaeft* 

FAC^IOVSNSSS (*Antfi0hmH^ 

Digitized by V 


It phyfick { of Parii theology. 

FACULXy. • body of docton iii any 
IciciiCB I at the faculties of Drvmity aSA 
P^i, BmmtMity or MJ^fophy and 7*ri/* 


JBft^ L.} MHmh Jnnowr, I^BwlMfft 
Hie Adioiu or leditioat. 

FACTITIOUSNESS (Ar fM/i>/ «rti/a- 
dfr, P. v^fmfHrim, L.) cofuiterfckacfi. 

FACrrORSHJP, tlie officers eavloyiiiMC 

FACTORY, a pb^ «f«>^ ^ ^Mgn 
fovx!thet wittce a nambtr of ladon relive to 
aegociatt the afiin of traffick for nocbaati | 
kkcomflMftiy ii6d of iekdaments I7 great 
aanpaofctoreorpomionty ia tha ^^i-JMfar. 
i^«i^ tlieiUUriarr»«, ftc. 

TV frcneft ttd noblaft factory in . tka 
vorU b Out of the f«fA>^ at ^rM» wheae 
there aw genaraUy Soy 90 or 100 ^Klon^ 
Mtof chem (eadeiaeii of gaod faciiiki. 

A fiMory w t ^brt of leodnaiy of mtr- 
cbao, and at hy the hw» of Zm^ and taf- 
laei of Ewftami an appraiticeASp of 7 ywrt 
ht»fae(irf«dtD he eaticM to trade to the 
&(M«» it it oAnl to coatnct with the aafter, 
thtt after the expiratioa of 3 yearty the ap» 
fotiee Aall be fent to Aeymd^ when they 
MBot CBly the managemeflt of the 0011- 
ont of their nafler with a plentifol allow- 
««{ bat' are likewile pennkjtcd to tiade for 
dMaifelm. ^^ 

FACrruM (in jtithutidk) the product 
of two ^aaatidea imiltiplied by each otlier* 

FACUJLTIBS (of/MfA/, F.faafUat, L.) 
fMBii tUlitiet» talentt, vir«Ms» tfr* 

FACULTY C/scmk/, F. /m/net, L.) i. 
Tbe power ef doiBgaoy thiog» abUity, whe- 
tBtfMmal or ittelleGtiial. 

Tnoe ii ao kind of faculty or power ia any 
itt,or any ci«itwe» whkh caA*t rlght^ per- 
^ (W faaftioiu mlbtted to it» withoat popv- 
P^ tid tad coaca r re n ce of that fuprcme 

««feortllthiiv Hitlw, b. i. §. ». J 

>• i^>ven of the inind^ iiiiagiiiatioo« leafiMiy ] for certtia caufei their it 00 title to recover 
^"^ ^ thereby | whereat in a falie actios the words 

eftbe writ are faJTe. 

FAINT-HEART'ED (of /tfMT and tf^, 
F. of vanus, L« and heopt, Sm,) void of 
coaragCf cowardlinefs, 

FAINT-HB ART'£DN£S5» wttot of cou« 
rtge, coyrardlinefi. 

FAINT'NBSS, weaknelt» lowoeft, or 
liakbig of the animtl fpiritt j feebleiie6 | 
(^kem rf c§hur9) not deep or ftrong. 

FAINTS (with DiJkUcn^ntt all that nma 
after the proof it fallen off, where the pro* 
portion of witer if much greater than tho 
totally inflammable fpirit« 

FAIR [ofjmrt, F.) a pobJick mtrket,* 
kept in Tome pfaces once or twice a year oa 
certain days. 

In ancient times Chrifls'miSf epoQ any es«^ 
tnordiMuiry Iblemnity^ oarticuiarly the annj>* 
veriary dedication of a cnorch, trtdelmen uieA 
to bring and fell their wtret, even in thn 
chusch-yardtf efpeciaily upon the iefliva] of 
the dedication j at at JFej^minfer on St. Pt" 
tir*i day, at LojiJch on St. SarrbUometif\ at 
Durksm OD St. Cuthhmh day^ fl^C* 

FA'DING fof tHiJtm, L. wfi^imdsmt^ F.) 
decaying tt a flewer, lofing iu colour^ bcanty, 
QTr. periling, langnilhing. 

FAiyOM iptfim, S^.) a meafnre of 6 
feet. See W^uhow^^ 

FAfDY (of evdket, L.) fctming to fade, 
appearing faded, or decaying ia colour. 

F^CAL Alar/0- (bi Medifitu) the facet, 
or great ewremeati of a man voided by Aool, 

FJ&CVLM, fmall diegt or flybig lees § 
alio the i»rtt that finkt in the picfling of 
ibme planti, at in jimm, Brioiiy, &€. alio a 
ibrt of white powder made of certain fraea 
rooti^ waihed and prepared, which if bcatta 
together with a little' water and ftndned, will 
link to the bottom of the veflel, and it to ba 
afterwardt lightly dried. 

FAGO'NA (in jSnaimy) a congbmeated 
gbindi called alio Ti&^aias. 

PAG'OOT 7 />5»af, F.) a bondk Jid 

FAGOT S iUcL or wood r4r feel. 

FAG'OTTED (of fogoi, F.) ti«A up in a 
bandk | alfo bound hand and foot. 

To FAIGN I (fuMdre, F. of Ajwv, 

To FEIGN 5 L.) to nuke a Aew of, 
to Metend* 

To FAIL ki the world, to bceik, to tom 

FAIL'ING (offaiJUMt, T./aHem, L.) dlT^ 
appointing, fruftrating, doing aroifa, offending* 

FAINT .Mion (bi Latv) It fuck an one, 
at tho* the wordt of the writ are true, yec 

for wdtti anderftand in the prime cod 

^^Mtwe, hercheinierfers ia the mind 

^ iawaid fmikiti, whkh moTt tMuL 

Mia, Bm. i^r. 

^ th^^l^) a power or ability to peribrm 

■■r tetion natural, vitti, and animal t by 

tbcfirfttbcy underftand that by which the 

■H^ii aeufiflied and augmented, or another 

^it leacrtted : the vital faculty it that by 

T"^ Hfek preierved, and the ordinary fuac* 

^of the body perftarmedi and the aokatl 

^gfyh what oondacu the operationt of the 

PAC^r?VA«*<w. L) ^^>^ of the 
■J** partt or membert of an oniveriity, di- 
JWttt<adingtothe artt and fciencct pro. 
JW or Uq|^ in it, and theie are ufoally 
??** 'yi pwti^ v/x. humanity and phi- 
JJ^» *^wogy, Biedicioe and jurifprudence } 
V" rtwetfitiet the membert or (It^ntt 
"«Bw»ot batchelir, mate and doctor in 

J^ h teelbnet nfed abfoIuteJy ftr 
'^ ■ ftiaci^ ftudiiA tr taught ^that 

Digitized by 



ty reafon of the giMt Mmbtrt 'of fCO|f le aT- 
iRnUed tofeetker^ c|k felines df E»glmd grant- 
id the prWikge of tioldMg tvirs €or vatbat 
c^DfectdftrticHlviiltses, bf hitrajnil chtftsr. 
Thefe charccra were at firft only gitiMri t^ 
to'wsa and places of llrnigtb» or wmm there 
wai 4biQt magiftrefc «r p«rfMi •! p^fwer* to 
keep the people xn-oider. 

Ill pfOccTft of time fci^efa] ^ircttmfttMct of 
favour were added to thefe«<hartei«. the peo- 
fit taviag the protedU^ of a hoIMay, and 
were aUowed to be free fromarrelhoii aocouM 
^ vf any diibtence between rhem ^nd ether per- 
lent, that did not happen lA'Oftt'the'i^r. 

They had likewife ^ jurirdi£ticn^^nted 
them S do jttftice to th6fe^ who reforted thi- 
ther, and dierefbre -the 'Moft UnoenideraUe 
lUr with «»htit a^lt, whkh 
takcf aotiee of all manner of cattfeaiind dif« 
•fdertcommittedepen die place. Thisceort 
it called Pie-f^udtr, at much ki to fay dotty 
Hoot I jbMoe bdttgto be Aeoe any injored per« 
fofi, before the duft of the fair wet off liii 

FAIRS, .fome are ftee, «tber» chtr^ 
with toitt aJld impoftioBa. 

Tof«0h fain as are made j^^ Fiurs all tra- 
deti, ^whether natives or foreigners,* are ailow • 
cd to enter the kingdom, and that under Hie 
IdafS prote^ion 1>oth In c^aniiig vod return- 
Spg, they and their agentt/lwith their goods, 
&e, alfo their perfons and gooda are extempt* 
td laom ail duties, iaopofitiom, tolia -and fewi- 
tudes^ and that merchaota going to or <^ming 
Iromthe fair, dxil^&otbe arrefted. Or their 
gtoAt ftoppM. 

< The king only has the power-of graotbg 
Ibits of any kind. 

There are in SufUpe fererat of thefe' fiee 
finrsy as tliofe of Frankjhrt and Leipfick in 
Germany, of St, Gtrmaitt in PjwV, of LfOtit 
and Guthrajf in France , of Bteutkirt in /Un- 
fgudoc, of Novt in the Milanetu^ of Af^tf 
iu>d Arebange! ; and in America $re the filin tf 
^vrtoSiHil Vera'cruxtsiA Havanka, 

FAfR'ING [of unefiire, F.) a gif^er pre- 
lent bought at a fair or annual'inarket* 

FA!T (in Common Lav) a deed or writing 
fealed and deliTertd, to teftify and prove tiie 
agreement of the parties, whofe deed it is, 
«nd confifts of three principal pointi, writing, 
i<!aling and delivery, F* 

FAlTFf (in Seuffture, Pamrng, ice.) it 
fepfefentcd as a woman clad io white rayment, 
hodding- a cu p of geld. 

FAITH (with Pbilof&pbm) is that aflcnt 
tire give to ^ propofition advanced by aootlier, 
fhe trutli of which propofition we^n*tlm- 
tncdiatdy perceive from oorown reafoa or 
experience, butbdieve it difcovered and known 
by the other ; or fdth is a jodgment or tficnt 
of the mind, the motive whereof is not any in* 
tKinftck evidence, but the authority or teftimony 
wf XoiD« other pwfon, who reteib or rebterit. 

l&aniH.(mthJMi«i)it«iil^ j 

fent to every tiun|: thatis awUhlr, Mvely «p^ ~ 
oa.thetelliteony 6f men. 

CbK^itm^ASSCB^ nay bMedhced ip Mk 
oflo^ani^ oflbalidniig ip <ihd« to thfr lu^ty 
ofwhofeeflence there is a trinity of pecCilBa. . 

fiMir'wF4ia:H (aocordtog In Jh« TMo* 
Si/hyU ' m afloat to liomething, «< <i«<Uhl» 
i^poB dhetelMmooy of iOod». 

AlpMf/r FAITH, is thatAvheiehgr we giw 
9ttr«aea|.floai:piapqfitioii, ^va^aiedrhy afloi» 
ther, of wiiofe ikgoatieHgr afld vckp^ WR 
iuite m 'phtdA and-ftvideot rttdbfttjyr ptsof, 
ttilthr called tf^iMf^^rM*. 

\3iimificai EAITH 7 it thet faf vthidi 

S*eu^¥tA.V^H ■ y aettifitt ^' oAmk 
to'o pr o p f ikia u, adtoaneed by one jvho can 
neither deceSve Jior bo^decetved* 

H^H^Ual.FJtlTfi^ dUci^dftot tbot.oc« 
thddifl peefiDns^giMitoctitafnievents, deciM 
by the tharch, and ptopofedtfCo ihe bdiev'd 
of all. 

rConf^gm^ FAI^H, aOwn^er Kvandb^ 
eeiAaiBkigail tho^ actides, thebelief where- 
of^ is aecounted nacdQiry to iahntaaa, 

'FA|.TIi»UJL}«S8 {jUOtai^ h. fMi^ 
F.)tniftiperir, Iqccpty, honefty. 

FaITITFULNESS (in Go4) it a eon* 
muoicable- attribute, and neans an nmA 
coffe(pood«oce between. hirw«sd nnd his adod, 
and of- coDfcqwiQe between )iia word and tbe 
truth: add rtality of things j f fpecially in ic- 
gaid'to «ay fro«iiics hel^t'Onde, In which 
thereitan.obli^atien of^ jsflxe * added to hii 

FMTHILie&NBSS, ttiAalievinpnfri ai^ 
iflfiooerity. • 

FAICE? (^Mterm<) one circle or roll of. 

F AOfC'5 ^ oabie or n>pe<pioUed op rooad* 

FALAH<OOS/S (with Oadifii)^ oertain 
difeafe about the eyes. 

FAL/GON, a llxd ofptcf of^the hawk 
kind, fopeHor to all odiert fiw gaednefi, 
couMge, docility, » gentieneftwani* ■• h l ea e f t of 
nacnre,nfed in ipotting both on the fift and 
the lore $ ksfeet are yellow, head^a^, tod 
bacic fpi^ted, irflies chiefly at the lltge game, 
at the wild goofe, kite, crow, &c, 

FAIi'CON (in Onnntry) a Aaail piece of 
ctanon, wbofe diameter at ■ the bote it two 
inches 'and a quarter, is ^lo length fix feet, 
and in weight 400 poood. Its charge of pow- 
der is a pound and A-quartor, thebaU two 
inches and one-eighth diameter, and in woght 
one pound^ live ounces, -and its point, blank* 
« (hot 90 paces. 

-FALCOKET^ (with Gamim) is a faiail 
gon, about two-inches dhmetor-attite holt. * 

FAL'CONRY (fannnmwU,' F. ^^fahtf^ 
rtusf ci fa/co, L.) the art-of keepings #lir<* 
ing and maaagiiig hawkt, and teM|^ 
birds of prey. , .5 - 

FALL (with Sailon) is that patt of d tope 
of a taekle, whith is haled *pen. . 



iIm decJb is nikd hidMr, or fopApai^ ^f* 
ii| ri6ofi fliore tkaa other*. 

To FALI^ tf {Sts ter») ii \thu^ a Aif 
imdcf UAt licepf noit lb aoar «he %vi«i u illi 

iMtt^/ton bm tkat com th«i)i^ aitd iif- 

attd M Aock as i«^ /^«/&iJ^ Mir tU xmJ, 

Uid fMX {S4a term) as « j#«^ L<i»i 

• M birb^n ^ Aip cmdus or ibis the laoM 

Ik expcded, or accordiog to her recJcoiun^ 

^^ ^kiflgdocckAiJlf . 

FaLLA'CIOUSN£SS (faUgcia, L.) 4e. 
fMibUft } iteoeiviiig qnalicjr, ^«. 

FALO^CY («iHth L^'cMfff) n popofttion 
famed with an intentioo to deoaivey aod 
fAamk ttmei m 9of^bifm. 

FALLIBI'UTYi {o( fitUikUiu h-)^- 

FAL'iBL£N£SS.5 tle«rsta> f«iior err, 

FAJIXIKQ £vf/ (io Hcrftt) 4 HftempcT. 

FAUfOTS P ( |:olcmo^» San.) 

FALCH'BSMOUTHS other themjitry 
cant or (iien& mm } aito a cedanl meeting 
sf tk pMk» to canfakabostaiid order tate- 

FALSE Jimrum (with Af^flrM^ jlf«r) is 
hMiati occafioo^ I7 a iearfiil or negligeiit 
ftttiael, and fooiotlmei defigncdly to tsy the 

FALSE Fhmtr (in i?«r««f ) a flower which 
^•ot ftea to prodoca aoy firait, as thofe 
tf tkc laaely asnlbenyy QFr. alfo a flower 
thsc teaot rilb horn aoy eaaVryo, or that 
teast koity as thofe of the melon. cocuA- 

FALSE Dimaa^dy one that b couterfdtcd 

FALSE^HOOD {frifitai, L. fiuiflt/, F. 
lod t^ EM£li/b terautiation kood) fk\&ty i 

FALSIYIC 7 iMfi/cMM, LA makiag 

FALS17ICR 5 Uift, falfifyiag, dea&ig 

FALSIFYING {ftlj^kmth t^ f^V^nt, 
f*) RnMng or frovtog falfe> advluradng ; 

FALfiU/oquENCE {fitlJUtfumU X,) 
^Rcitfal (peecK 

FALSITY 1 C/S^tft, L. fimjkiy P.) 

lAL SE'WESS I Mibood,ii9tftteoeii,cotti* 
rttaiefs, ^*, 

FALTERING {qH frUmt^ Do.) ftum- 
Mng b gbbg ; Itemmering in fpeech ^ flack* 
cabf or fiafiag hi the forfarauMlce of aiqf 

FALX (onth Antmijh) ok of the pre- 
tlfti BMde hy tfte dooUiog^f the «Mrabrone 
«[UafaiU, a|Uedihc«« Al«<r^ wM^b idi^ 
Hhgthe brain into tight and left ^trtt^ -^a&d 
«^»xtBiU ffom the Ctrthdhm, It is ib eall- 
"^^ tti itfcmUnce to a ficUe or ctajniig- 



FAME (/m^^) nepott, fleSatioQ } 'f«^ 
boWb« ilory, ref ut^lioo. MaraliJU fay^mf 
is to be purAied as. laiaas it redounds from 
worthy adtioo^ thM are agreeable to nafoii 
and poamebflg the good of huaaan ibcietyi 
and as it opens a wider field to fuch generoua 

FAME (in Priming, $ft,) is reprefented 
\m the fig orb of a lady «r angel blowing a 
trumpet, clothed ia a. this and light garmtot 
irtbieUeicd with eyes and ean. 

very hongry. 

FA'MBS€^iriin9ii(wIthP^fiM»)a camna 
appetite, or extreme Hunger. 

FAMIL'iARNESS {/minMrixat, L. fa. 

mi/iarit/f F.) familiar difpofitfon, fiHililikr 

way or friendship ; mtimate oorreiaeodeBcc. 

• FAMIL'IARLV {/amititrtmemt, F. ft* 

^i/iariter, L,) after a /amiliar iMUner. 

f AMUY p/Cami {jSl^ebu^ a congeriei 
^f leveral curves of d^^ot osders or hindS) 
411 which are defin'dhy the flime indettrmi* 
aate equation, hot in adifoei^c manner, 'ac^ 
iordhig to their diflfereDt orders. 

FAM'ISHMENT {ftmim, F. fmrnti, t.) 
famine, a being hungjefflanred. 

FA'MOUS(/Mw/i«, i.) ™»W«i eelc* 
kfated by fante oc oamoaoii report. 

FA'MOUSNESS (famcfitas, L.) mowit* 
•daafH gyeit cepotatioB. 

To Pan [vaner, F. mnaare, L,) i» whi- 
Mw coiB ; alio to cool with a ha, as women, 
&r. do. 

FANAn^IO (QU Cafiom) the fawning 
time of deer, or fence month. 

FAfNCIFCL (foMtafy^ F. pbant^fiiaa, 
l,»*of ^yraftM^, Gr.) imaginary^ conceited. 

FAN'ClFUtNESSrof/nr^, F,fhanta» 
/a, L. ^ofrMd^U, Gr. the fiuicy) aptne<« to ht 
£uiciful or hnaguiatiTC withoot fofl^cfieat 
groond or reafon, capiicioufnefs. 

FAM^GLH), as a^w-ySm^ (prehsbly of 
tvangdia, of t^xyyiXta,, Gr. golpels, f*^ 
tew gpfpak) novtl, xipftart,' '^e, 

FANTASfnCALNESS {hmmaP' fantaf" 
ffff, F, mm pbanttfiiclf L.) &ntaftical, fiin« 
cif^l or whimfical homo«tr or ^pofuion. 

FANTA'STiCAt Coitan, See Empba* 

FARCE, amockeonedyordfolL • 

To FARCE Ifiattr, F. Jkrcire, L,) t* 
fiufF or cram. 

' FARfCY (io Htfii) is a difeafe, or a poifon 
or cotVttptioR, that infedh their blood, and 
appears in ft^dliiigs like' ftringt along the veiita 
in knots, and even in ulcers. 

FARD, a fort of psint ufcd by women for 
beantifying their facet j alio diignife, pteteoce 
ordiflimohition, F. 
. FARE {aiwatrtn^ Do.) cheer, diet, vic- 

FARE {pbgfSj L, ^«^, Gr.) a watch* 
tower at lea, — the Fart* K)iM*ffinm. 

FARI^N A, the -flpwec. or powder of fome 

C c i ' ^grai«^ 




Vtainer poli^, Bhtd from tftebn% L, 

FAKWAfiMtnhns (with i?«r«fff/f ) a fine 
4uft prepared hi the male-flower of plants, 
which being afterwards fbed on the female^ 
d.^ea the ofllee of fftm otfimm \j impreg- 
nating it» L, 

FA'RING (of fajian» S^*) to tiavel at 
way-faring, travelling. 

FA'RING(of«9ff«FVff, Da. to be well) liT- 
\fi%^ ei^oyingy eatbg, QTr. 

To FARM (feonmian» San, to afford a 
livetihoodf prtndrt d fimt^ F.) to cultivate 
land, to hire a farm> GiTc. 

F ARM'ABLE, that may be let out to 

FAR'KESS (jceojinej-fe, f«x.) dUhnce, 
length of way. 

FAR'RIERS company 
were incorpamted, they 
iay, very «arly» and are 
a mafter, three wardens, 
twenty- four affifbnts, and ^ 
thir^-ttine on the liYery. 
Their armorial enfigns are 
three horfefhoes. They 
have no hair, but meet at 
the Gtorgt in /iwt-svM^ 
hunt, ' 

FAR-ROE-BUCiC« a roe-buck in its 
fifth year. 

FARTHER (ro|v9Sq|t> 5tfx.) a greater 
way off, at greater diftince. 

FARTHEST (fojl'Sert, 5tf«.) moll 
remote, at the greatcfl diftance. 

FASICE^, bundles of tods^ ^r. carried be- 
fore the KowMn magiftrates. 

FAS'CIA, a fwatheorfwaddlingband; dl- 
fb a fwathe or long bandage ofed 1^ Smrgeam. 

FAS'CIA (in Arclnteaure) one of the bands 
that malce up the architrave, beng three In 
number ; alfo a range of flones &t divide 
the ftorics in building, hi 


9FASTERMANS 7 men of repute and 
- FASTIKGawii 5 fubflaoce, or rather 
bond's men, pledges, fureties, who in the 
tim^ of the Saxoni were toanfwer for one 
another's peaceable behaviour. 

FAS'TT, the Rtman calender, hi which 
were fet down all days of fcafls, pleadings, 
games, ceremonies and other pubiick bulineis 
throughout the year, L, 

FASTID'IOUS {faJHdUfui, L^fifiidimx, 
F.) difdamfttl, prond, haughty, fcornful. 

F*ASTID'lOi;SNESS (of faJMhux^ F. 
fajiidiofus^ Z..)difi)ainfuhie£i. 

FASTVESS (feptinyiT^, of fa|taian, 
Sax,) fwiftnefs; alfo firmneis. 

FAT ALNESS (/tff#Zi«M, L.fataUti^F,) 
unavoidableneis, difafteroofnefs. 

FATE(/ifirw, cffatid*, £. fpeaking) it 
primarily imp^ the fame with efaium, a 
word or decree pronounced by God, or a fixM 
(encence whereby the Deity has piticribed the 

' order af thhigi, and allotted ^vay peribo whil 
fhaUbeMhlm. The <7rM^ call it g2^ sod 
Bl/hMi(inw, as tho* Viptit, a chain or aeorf- 

ftry ieries of things wdifloloUy ]ihlBsdlo|e- 
ther ) and the modems call it providence. 

SfdiWFATE, is by Crctfra defined to be SI 
order or Ieries of caufca, whcrehi cauie be- 
ing Ihileod to caofe, each prodncei otbcr, 
and thus all things flow from one prioMr cuiie* 
Chrffiffmt ealls it a natural, invariable fut* 
cemon of all things ah ^i*nK, each iafolfiog 

Tiftf FATES (fata,L.) thedeftiries^acoid- 
b^ to the poets, the three fatal fiAei^CbrK 
Lacbejbxod Atnpcsi which fee. 

^ic^fivf FATHER, is one who tslset the 
childrett of Ibme other perfon, andowntheai 

NaturalVATHt^^ is onewhohai9]egi. 
timate children.' 

Fjw^fvf FATHER, is he who is oaljrtiw 
reputed or fuppofed father. 

To FATHER a thing opoa onci A e.(» 
lay the blame or crime to his charge. 

FATHERLESNSSS, the fbtc afldeoB- 
ditfon of being without a father. 

FATtlERLINESS (fiilknUcnefre, 5a.) 
the difpofition of a father ; fatherly afiiaioa. 

FATHERS (by way of «w^»rbeW. 
fbops of the primitSve church \ slfo ircft- 
bifhops and biihops of the preftnt chvrcb \ 
alfo perfons venerable for thair Jige | slfo fopc- , 
nors of convents or monaRetics* 

FATID'IC {fatiiicm, L. fatiSfu, T.) 
fbrtelling or declaring-fate or deftioy, or vditt 
hu been decreed by the firtes, or has bees 

FATID'ICS 2 ifatidki d fatMm ^ 

FATID1CKS5 «r«, I.) ddHny-m- 
derst fortune-tellers. 

F ATIF'EROUS ( faiifir, t.) Waging « 
fate, bringing deflmAion. 

FAT'IGABLENBSS {cffatigare, L.)lh. 
bleneis or capabknaft of being wesiied, fttigud 

FATILOQU 1ST ( fatikfuuH ^0 » ^* 
ny«reader, afooth-iayer* 

FAT«NESS<fatncrre, *«,) sbo«g«»*l 
groffneis in body, &c^ 

FAU5CEUS (with w-*Mft«r^«) the apf* 
part of the gullets 

FAVIS'SA (wiA Antifuarm) a bote, pt 
orvault under ground, wheiein ibme ranty or 
thbgof great value was kept. 

FAULT {fm.t,fairt€, F. /dft*r, tobede- . 
fident, Spaniftf) j. Of&nce$ flight cmnej 
(bmewhat h'aala to cenihre orobjbffion. 

He that but conceives a crime to thougbt, 
Oantn6hthedaoger of a« annosl fi^^> 
Then what mtift hcexpaa who ftili !»««»% 
To commit lU, and work up thoog»tf» 

deeds. ^rr* 

Befbie his faered name fiies twr/f^* ^ 
Andeach salted ftaota teemiirfth thougw* 

DigtizedbyGoOQk ^ ^f* 

.. J 

F A 

% DeM, vane*-. abftDce t }• jmak, 4if- 
^ty ! as die£iM|u3rer U «t • fnt/t. 

To FAULT, to be wrongs to&il. 

TO FAULT, tochaife with a halt, to 

FAULTER» u oflreoder, one who com- 
oirt 1 hvhf 

3^0 fte, MMld thitftyk^ hcrfc in fight | 
Tba hand committed that fnppofed offeoce. 
Fairfax, b. fi. 

FAULTILY, aotrightly, impropfriy, de- 
Icftreljr, rTroneoully. 

FAULT'INESS (/^'0i/ri>iriw, F«) bad- 
■(6, tbe Mog faolCy ot UaneabJe. 

FAVL'TLESS i/sMs fiMt€,f.) without 
6iH $ aot defemog Uamc. 

FAULT'L£SNLSS« a being free ftom 

FAULTY (pfiin de/oMfs, V.) that it bad, 
•r has a fault Of ^1 of faulti. 

FAVOUR, is oppoied to rjgoac, afpeciaUy 
hi aiatteta of jnilioe. 

I«) cafioefs, modenteaefi, cemparataDeli, 


FAnrOURER ffi»i*Mr, V.faMt$r, L.) doe 
wla caeatcoances or eAcavrages, y#. 

FAUS^EBRAY (hi Fort^caHan) a fmail 
taofatt abovt three or /bur fathoni wide, 
boideied with ti/^rapet and kawfumti, the 
1^ of wbkh ia to defend the foft. 

FAWN'ING (of nnbiaa, £«r.) flatter- 
jag, f Awothing behaviour. 

FAYLONG •fRmtrd {Utovam) if when 
aa laaon it btought egainft one who plaadt 
aay natter or record, and avert to prove it by 
•ecoid, and Aih to bring it into court, or 
hiagi feeh an one ai aa no bar to the aAioo. 

FAYNT Pkad*r (Law term) it a falfe, 
aofinooior coUufory manner of pleadbg, to 
Cbe deceit of a tlaird perfon. 

ff (ia Mimfick Bnh) ftanda fior fitttfirtt^ 
aad denotet very loud. 
nJdJTY {f4tlit0t, Uiidiiitf, F.) fide- 

FEALTY JftoiaUtat, L.) an oath uken 
It the admittance of rn^ tenant to he true 
to die lord of which he hoMt hU land. 

Gtmtl FEALTY, that which it to be 
fttfofned by every fubjed to liit prince. 

^ta4l FEALTY, is what it performed 
by eenanfa to their landlord. The forms ate, 
a SecaaD diing Ft^lty holds hit right iiand 
VpOB a book, and fsysthut, Htar you^ my 
W W« tb4U J. R. feaUh€ /« ym htbfititk- 
^nd trm^ amd van my fealty t0ynt,fir tbe 
W/ b«ld ifyouj m $h umt JtJ^ned. So 
■dp me Ood and aU his laintt. 

A vfiltin doing Feaity pute hif right hand 

r the book, and laye thus, Hmt yn, my 

F E 

.FEARPUL (irilhvjcnly Sax.) apprehen* 
five of evil. 

FEAR/FULLY (^jihcJluUjc, JSax.) af- 
ter a terrifying manner. 

FEARFULIfESS (y^jihpdanfye^Sax,) 
apprehenfi ve of evil . 

FEAR'LESS (fcjihtl^f, SaxA void of* 
fear or apprehe'nfion of evil, bold, Mog. 

FEARL£SLY(fc|%htlearUe, Sax,y with- 
out fear, undauntedly, courageooQy. 

FEAR^LESNESS (fejihtleaytienT,- 
Sax.) unapprehenfi veoert of danger or deatik* 

FEA'SIBLENESS(of/tfr>iii^,F. aadat/i) 
eafinefs to be done or penbrmcd. 

To FEAST Cfejhm adanan, LA to maks 
a feaft, to eat at a leaft or feftivai. 

FE aS'TING, eating or drinkhig at nr an* 
teruining with a ieaft. 

Jmm»v*ahU FEASTS, are thofa that am 
celebrated the fame da^of the year, at Cbr^n 
wtas'daj, the Cmumtfipn, Mpifbany^ CatuUf 
mas, Lady-^n^ AU-faim, the feveral days 
of the Mcflfet, &c. 

,tjti/ii/Ud6v ym'tuMyandgoois, 
labdp BirCodaa^ ail hit iaiotb 

Ad^cojil^FEASTS, are thofe that am nnt 
confined to the fame day of the year j the 
prindpal of whlrh is £«/<r, which gives law 
to the nit, at Paim-Smfiday, Omd^ridty^ 
jlfi-Wtdatfiay^ Stxagtjma, jgen/ka-di^, 
FnUHejl and Trinity ^mnd^y. 

To FEATHER (of l«s^n, Stx.) im 
fcrape togethor, to fornifb, at to naither one*g 

FEA'THER.M% (with CmtMimmrt) 'm 
the boiling of iugar fo often or so long, thafr 
blowing through tbe holet of the fldmmer, 
or ihaking a fpatuk with a baclftftVokc, thick 
and large bubbJea fly up on high, it it become 
feaibertdi and when alter frequent triala 
thofe bobblet are perceived to be thicker an4 
b greater quantity, ib that they ftick Mgether, 
and form at it were a flying flake, then they • '» 
fay the fugar it^f«ttr/f /«arib«r*4C " ^ 

FEATH'EiaESNESS (feaSejilearnerr, ; * 
Sa*, ) t^betng without feathen or unfledged* 

FEAft^Y, oddly, after an unulbal onm« I 
couch manner. ^ 

' FEATNESS, oddneft; uncouthneft. 
FEAS'iNG (with^W/vrjj the ravcUbgout 
any great rope or cable at tlie endt. 

FEBRICITATION, an incfining to an 
ague, L, 

FEBRICULOS'ITY ffiMcvUfiat^ t.) 
the fame as febricitation. 

FEBRICULO'SE (Mriad^tfus, L.) th^ 
hath or it fubjeA to anigh fever. 

FE'CULA (in Pbamacj) a white, mealy 
fubffamcc or powder, which fubfidet and ga- 
therf at the bpttom of the juicet or liquors of 
divers roott. 

FECULENCE (fitenhmiay L.)dreg3ioeCu 
or being full of dregs and leet. 

FECUNDNESS (fmamditai, F.) fbtUity, 

To ¥BCXSVn>tBY ffiMwdmf am*, L.) 
to Rodcf froitfiiL 

C^r\i FED£* 

Digitized by VjOi. 

: FE 

covenant koliocfsy iuch u k attrfboted to 

, ^oung dfiUm boni of chiliUlui parents and . 

nevrft baptised, at 'being JncUided within the 

FE'DEtfALNESS (of fiBderab\' U) tiie 
lIppetCainlBg td a covcaaot. 

ToFBB (ol ktkg SaM. i fief; a reward^ 
^aiakMi &c» 

FEE fmSfelimui definei it) is a right whieb 
tbe vaffid iUs in land> or Ibme SflMnoveAle 
thtngof Im iQfd*i« to nfis the faoe, and take hereditarily, rendring to his 
lord fuch feudail duties and fervitet as belong 
ep tiMxaty t^ure ; the mertf^ propriety of the 
foil always remainiog to the bid, 
■ FEB aUUm, itt an eftnie, 6fe. of which 
• petibn IS poiTelled in tliofe general woidsy 
79 mt M far bun fir Hmr, 
. FEE GM*W0«^]f that whereof a peribn 
la ptiflSeflfed m thejl words, Ta tr« Md otrifdrs* 
FEB^BUSNESS ifiiUfe, F<) wesi(fcnf&^ 

~ €p£D j > psfrard* MfutttHm ^ 
.fEZhWOhr (of felan, S^.) ici^iUe. 
jfter a fe^lhig manner. 

FEBL'IlVGy or toudung, it one q# the 

c^Uxnal fenfts, wheitby we get the ideat of 

folidy haril, foft, longh) fmooth, hot| coidf 

' wet> M, or other tangible fuatttieii at 

alfo of diaanoe» itchialg titiUaCion» pain, f^c. 

Some have gone To far as to reduce all the 
other (ddti to th!^ «fllri)^ing thatib^ort we 
have an J hiternal JL(towle(%e Onr ievcfil or- 
g;us are «xtetnalhr ftrndci wliich excite! tlie 
refpe£Hvje ideas of fceiit, hearing, &c. 

FEET (lrb«a)v ^^0 f^^ ^^ ^ tniriial 
body I aifo a meafurft, in length 12 inches. 

FEET (in Poetty) the Fniidb ind Jtaliak 
poets are ortat^uainted With feet and quantitv ; 
apd fome h^v^ weakly imagined that the 
Englijh have none} but we find bjr a very 
little alteniti0fiL> that the htrmdny of the 
fWteik Tcrfe is fpoiled; and th^pUiinly 
) iimn; thdt the meaftire of /«ir nna^amtyj, 
"f \m% tfuly obferved, makes the muiick, as 
jnay be ^^ved in what follows* 
if^b4it msn w mawt multipliid bit kiwi, 
Wim Ptan mubipM bh kind on vtai^» 

fWOlHrSCfjiinm^ f.Jbiiifu,U.)tn»k* 
ing a ihew of, counterfeiting, &e, 

A FEINT On j^^iM) < ftmi-tmfi, the 
fame that 7s called Diffis, 

A V%WT (in Itbitorick) a figure whoi^by 
the orator touches on fomething, in making 
a fiww of ptffing it over m filepce. 

ToFELI'CITATE (fiUdtar^, L.) to 
Aiakt or render, btpp^. 

VU.X'Cnom (feli», L.) happy. 
..FEU'CITOTONBSS (of felidm, h.) 
bappinefs, happy ditamilancet. 

f ELrCITY, tbeOMftfin Painf!«g, SttA 
was reprefer.ted «s a lady fitting on an imperial 
rnrone, botdiag in one hand it csductui, and 
m the gthsr a comucofijf dad in • purple 

F B 

vtfbDtfiMrilllflKd witk filvo. 

FELL ff^ore, an herb. 

FELL'NESS (of ptDajffe, tor.} fidc^ 

ni>'LOWS (in Fertifoatitn) are fispieaar 
of wood; each of which fbcn an nich of a 
circle, and thofe joined altogether by daledget, 
make all intire ciftle with tWoWe fpokttf 
wh(ch make the wheel of a gun-tarriago* 

FEL'LOWSHIPy agreement, harmony^ 
alio theplace» (U^iityor profit g ffimber of 
a college in the untverfity ei^oys. 

FELO DB SE (in £tfw) oat who eo«u»itB 
felony by laying «i|leat hands o« hiotiiBlfs a 
fetf-iiMirdeier> futh jm one is to bebilctted 
without Chrifiian burial, with a ftake dmvt 
thro^ hit corps, and to forfdt his goods. 

FELONIOUS (M film, F. oifikns, U} 
> aftel* a feioaioos manner. 

FELO^NlOUSNE^Sy felooknit ^aaUty « 

FELTS, i. e. fib batt, were firft made ii 
Enjfmi^ Sfamanlt wA Duitbrnn, ia tbe 
' be^nmogof dbe reign of kingJWy VIII. 

FELtJCC Jv > 1>«1« ve^^ with |x oai^ 
not colored o^r^ and mneh ufbd m tfte JMr« 
diterranedn, if it in fise about thar oft 
flbopor chtkup. It nlay bear its kda on 
both fides^ tvltick it likewife ftifted firom bi* 
hind forwards occafionaUy. 

FEN (with Getgraffnrs) a noorifl^ «r»S0b 
watery ground. Jtoif art of tWo khias, the 
firfl /o mixed with earth and water, as nottt 
bear a man treading on them, whkh neitber 
receive nor fcnd finth i^ivcts ^ the ftcoad an 
ponds or coUatiGna of water, with pieosa of 
dry land railed here a^ there above the for* 
face of it> and ihcie ait ofUntiaaet the bcad^ 
or.fprings of rkers. 

FEN'CER (oSdjfiubrt, F.) a fword<pli^ef» 

, SiwfU F&N'CING, is what is pcffocmed 
directly and fimply on the fame Hoe. ' 

CimtAnd FENCING, intludea tttthepof- 
fible arts and inventions to deceive the eneny, 
and caufe him to kave oiigdatdtd tbe place 
that isdefigned to be attacked. 

FENES'T&A Rfftiuubi (AfuUng^) aholt 

in tbe bkrrfci of theanr thit leads td the ooeh« 

lea, and is covered by a fine Membrane cloM 

in the fif^ of th« hole, £.. 

' FEN'NISH 7 (Kennit;, &».)futt€4<t 

FEN'NY S aboundiniwithicoa. 

FEO'DUM l^abn (OU XacwA) t by4it^ 
or land held in fed from a hiy-kid, by Cow* 
mon lervices, in onpofitioo to the m s m h t k A 
hdding mfrenlk aiioiiu^ L. 

FEODUM MHitit {0URte.)9t 

FEODUM kr/ftar^ kmghtsfiECi llhkhby. 
the ufual cuttputaliai is 4io acte f 94 mm 
making a viifatg^ 4. ^irgUA ahide, inA| 
hides a knight^k fee, L, 

FEOF'FMBNT (CcflMa Xovo) ^ ^^ 
grant of honoufii caities, mMiiMi, lii^ 
fuageti hmdt or oihgt coipml « vBfi^ 

Digitized by V3OOQ It 


fte.fitnpley i. #• to him npid hi» lietn Ibra^er^ 
If fhe^linrjt of fdfin, and tiie pqfltflion of 
the thing giveo,^ wlietfaar the gift be a^e hy 
4Kd or wridng. 
FERI'NE (firimu, L.) <)f or Uke vil4 

FERIO (with LpffcisMs) a moQ^, wh«n 
the Mt propolitian of a categorical fyllogifin 
tt u aoiver^il negative^ the (^nll.a parU^. 

FERlSCyV (with Logidatu) a term when 
die po po fi tione are anfwera^e to firio, as iro 
^^Wftfp lir fiecfmtit, fame filptrUy is Mc^atfgpA 
theMjon jammiing mi is tucejfny is uotpUa- 

FBR'MENT (in Hjtfich) any hind of 
My» which being applied to another, pto- 
dgeei a fiermentatioa therein^ at the acii hi 
hawa, &<, See Ftrmmmtitn. 

Ti^Mtf FERMENT* to be difcomporea 
W mm in naioda 

T« F£&M£N>T ffinmmm, L.) to liie 
W fS ap as ieafcn or yeaft doei ; to work 
atbeeror«therliqnoudoy lb a* to clear it(elf 
htm dregs arid impurities. 

FERMENTATION, an inteAlne motion 
w ccmmotko of the iinall idcnHble partieles 
¥ a Wat body, arifi^g without any appiitnt 
flBodiankai cauie, as when kaven or yeafi 

FERMENTATION (with Pbffickm) tXf 
gMie modMi of the paita of the hbod or 
jaica, that ia occafioned by ibmething that 
helps to darify, exalt and render thiem pore 
Util $ io at to redvct thett la a healthful 

FERMENTATION (with CJ^/i) a 
kind of ebttUxtion or b«bbliag up, raifed by 
the fpirits that epdeat enr to get oot of a mixt 
body : So that meeting with grola earthy parts, 
wbtt oppofe their paffage, they fareU and 
JBMer the IjMOr thin, till they find their way. 

VIR'RET, a IHtle 4 looted animal about 
t^ fiao of a wealle, with a long fiioot and 
tbkk tail, it haa hut 4 teeth, but with thefe 
it bieeamoitBUyi but being musaled it Is ^ ut 
iato coney-boiiiMghi to force rabbits out of 
tbcir holes lato gins and traps, placed at the 
■autha of the holes. 

FERRUt^INOUSNESS (ef femiptau,' 
L.) being like, ocof thie nature ofimttj iron. 

F£RRU'R£> a Aoetog of horfes, F. 

70 FRRfRY (probably of 1CA|Un» to pafs 
«fr, or ci/hri, L. to be ciar&d) a place in 
a fifer wlme parions, hotki, coaches,. Gfc* 

FER^ILNXSS ffirtilihts, L.) firuttfulnsis, 

Tp fertilize (firtiUfer, t.) to makt 
Iptil^ Inicfttl or plentiful. 

FERVENT (>^m^ L. y«rmr, F.) i. 
Rat, boUngx 2. hot in temper, vehement: 
filter k ^»ry,.«ap9i in wl^ flaming with 


•So ^ka the/Mftffff anpsi ; bat l^isteA 
Vonc i<|cooded, , as out of ieaibo JudgM, • 
Or fingular and rs/h. Aplt.Far, lifl, , 
l^oiis ardor, with holy coal. 

F^'VID (fir^idus^ L.) hot, fuUof hca^ 
or fervor, vehement, eyagar. 

FERVIEKltV I (ffr^4itas, U) fer-' 
FER'VlDNfiSS 5 ystmix, git^t heat, 

FEROXLuE (with Svr^Qni) fy]inVi or light 
phips made of fine paper glued together, or 
leather, &c, for binding up^ l^piVjaed or dif- 
joi|»ted l)oa$s, after they have |)cea iet igain^ 
L. , 

FERyOR (fc0f9r, J., ffrv^yj.) 2, 
Heat, warioth- 
Likia brightiAuaor^ whof^ refulgent ra/ 
Fortells xhtjirvour of a^oj^g 4^ff 
And wari»s the ihppl;;^{lrwith )jk flocks ra« 

To leafy /hadowi^ froQi the thraatW hea^ 

Thefe iUver drops, lika fflor^i^g daw> 
. Foretell xhtfirvour of the day ; 
So from ooe cloud foft (how*rs we view^, 
And Uaftiog light^nings bur/t Away. 

2« Heat of mind, leal, ardor of devotion. 

FERVOR tf she Matrix, a difi^/e whea 
the iotire fuhftaDoe of (ha womb is extreme 
hotf attended with a * paip and heavinefs of 
the loins, « loathing, fypprcffi^ of urine or 
tho like*) ^t the (aine tima the patient being 
very defirous of copulation^ though t)y rpaioa 
of pain at the fame time ihe fieart It. ,< 

FESTIVOUSNESS (of/^ivm, L.) pleat 
iantnels, wittinefs, jocularne^ 

(in ArcbittS,\ 
the Ff«ar^ calf 
tl^m.Ff^iiaai^ . 
£#• nttrff JO* 
vial, being tt/o- 
aUy applied 00 
feflival occasions} tn ornament of carved isork 
in manner of wreaths or garland (hanging 
down) of flowers or leaves twifted together, 
thickeft«t the^Sddk, ai^ fiifpended by th« 
two extremes, whence it han^ down perpea^ ' 
dkuJarly as hi the figure. 

FETCH (in 7r«rfr) m ever.rtachu« or 
charging m^re than fliQuld bo. 

FETCH, a deception or glols u^ a mat* 
ter, a fubtil come over, or founding of a per« 
(JUM intendons, inclinations, ^c. by aikhig 
queftions ieeming not to relate to the matter 

FETCH bim up {Ses Fbnfi) fignifies givf 
chafe, or purfue a fhip. 

FET'IDNESS (J /mtUms, L.) ftinking- 
nefs, iU-iavour. 

FEU'DAL 7 Ho OH Rtccrds) of or be- 

FfiO'DAt > longing to a laud or fee. • 


ftlTDATORy, • tailk! «t perfon who 
IboMt of ft fetretftiyi Is ice, '. ۥ on condition 
of jleUing fealty and homage or other fert Ice. 
FEUdS (with CrvUimnt) a volume of the 
OfU lawy ib called, becaufe it contains the 
cnftomt and iervices, which a vaflal does to 
hit Ibrercign prince or lord, for the lands or 
|«n Uut he boMt of him. 
^ ^ An EJfimial EE'VJBR, it one, the primary 
[ ' . caufe of which is in the blood itfelf, and does 

[ toot arife as an tSitGi or fymptom fiom any 

' Mfaer difeafe in the folids or other parts. 

V •* ^ ^w^fMitfftVtf/ FEVER, ii one which 

\- ariiee as an accident or fymptom ol' fome dlf- 

•ider that is antecedent to it, 
A Diary FEVER, is tliat which oidinarily 
i docs not laft longer than 24 hoars. 

A Hiaick FEVER (of tgria^, of tfic* 

I Gr. habiCode) It one that is flow and daraUe, 

txteouating an^ emaciating the body by in« 

ienfible degrees. 

Putrid FEVER) one arifing from the'dif- 

\ charge of potrid, purolent matter from fome 

fforbid part, as an ulcer in the longs. ' 

Byming ppvFo I ■ ^*'y •^"^ ^^* 
Ardent ^^\^^ f aaendcd with a vc- 
bcment heat, intolerable thtrft, a dry congh, 
a delirium and other violent fymptoms* 

; A Coliijuativf FEVER, otit wherein the 

whole body is confomed and emaciated in a 
ftort time, the folid parts and the fat^ dTc, 
are melted down, and carried oflF by a Di»' 
fhaea, Stifuit,- Urinf,' Uc, 

. A Siu6tidi4in FEVER, is one where the 

I yaroxifm retarnt every day. 

r MA doubk S^9tidian FEVER, is one the 

^' ^roaifm of which comes twice in 24 hours. 

{ Tertian FEVER, one which returns every 
other day, and is of a kinds, iegitinuae and 

A le^iiimate Tertian FEVER, is one that 
kils only 11 hours, and is fallowed by an 
abfelate intermiflion. 

A ffuricm Tertian FEVER, holds looger 
than fa hotKs, and fometimes 18 or 10 hours. 

A douMe Tertian FEVER, is one that re- 
tarns twice eyery otker day. 

ASluartan FEVER, is one which returns 
only every '4th day. 

A doubi* SHuartaw FEVER, is one which 
has a paroxifms cveiy 4th day. 

A Triple ^artam FEVER, is one that 
has t paroxifms every 4rii day. 

Brvpttve FEVERS, are fuch as, befides 
the fymptoms common to other {t:99x9, have 
their crilis attended with cutaneous aniptiona. 

PtfiiltntiiU FE V ERS, ate fuch at are acute, 
Qontagious and mortal. 

Petechial FEVERS, are a malignant kind 
of fevers, wherein, befidet the other fevers 
en the 4th day, or oftner on the 7th day, 
*J>r*<} ap|»ear pacechie or red foots like flea- 
bitjcson the breaft, /houldcn and abdomen. 
.^E^VEHISH, having the fymrtoms of a 
,#rtr.| or incUbabie fo a fever. 


FSnrBRTSHrTBSS, fevcrift (yu^om | 
or inclinablenefs to afever. 

FEVILLANTI'NES (in Ctthtrfj fiadl 
Urts filled with fweet-»meats, F, ' 

FEWNESS (of peapne/i-e. Sax,) fatU- 
nefs of number^ . 

F FAU'T (in the fcale of Mufck^ tha 
feventh or laft note of the 3 feptenarits of die 

Fl'BRA, a fibre, a fimilarpartoftheaai* 
mal body, called alfo a fiJamenu ' 

FI'BRES 7 ' (in Anatomy) are loitg lienJtf 

FfBERS 5 threads, ^kh being vari- 
00 fly interwoven or wound up, form then* 
rious folid parts of an animal tH>dyt or tbef 
are round, oblong veflels in an animal, bf 
which tliC fpirits are conreyM to all ptrts of 
the body, fo that the fibres are the fiamca sr 
matter of an animal. 

FIBERS (in Botany) threadi or hair-like 
ftiittgs in plahts, roots, &c. 

The FIBRES trt by Anatmifis diftiiiguiAsi 
into 4 kinds, as tantcM or Jiefbyt w^vtt^ 
tendinous, and offi9i»s or heny ^ whldi ajiin 
are divided, according as tney are fitvMd, 

Dire& iongitudinal FIBRES, thofe arefucb 
as proceed in right-lines. 

Tranfrerje FIBRES, are fuch as go scro6 
the longitudiiial ooet. 

Ohh^e FIBRES, are fach as crofit er in. 
terfe£l them at unequal angles. 

Mufiular FIBRES, are fach whereof the 
mnfdes or fleAy parts of the body art Gom- 
pofed, thefe are called nsottve fibres. 

Nervous FIBRES, are thole minute tbfcs* 
whereof the nerves are cOtnpofed, thefe vt 
alfo c9Ht6 finjirk^fhres. 

n'BULA, a button, L. 

FIBVLM'US (Anatomy) amofcleeftba 
leg called FtfrMvarn^riffitfr, L. 

FIBULA (with undent Surgeons) a ierter 
material or bandage for the clofiog up wovsds,- 
concerning which aothors differ., Gmd»UPt 
that thefe fibula's were made of iron cifdOi 
as it were femicircies crooked 'backwards sa 
both fides, the hooks whereof befog fiftend 
on both fides to the gaping wound,* anfweitd 
eia^ly one another. Ceijus lays, that /^% 
were q^ade of a needle-full of foft-ootwiW 
filk or thread, wherewith they fewed the Bp 
of the gaping wound together. 

FIBULA (with Anatomijh) thelefleraad 
outer bone of the leg, thtfieile minus, Hi^ 
poerates ufes the word for that part only « 
the bone that fortnr the outer ancle, perhsft 
becaufe they nfed to buckle their ihoes in tbst. 

FICICLENESS. inconftancy. varisUene^ 
waverbg i:i mind, changeable humour. 

FICTILENESS (otfiai/is, L.) earthin*, 
or the beingxnade of earth, as earthen viffett, 
of the quality of earth. 

fcignedncfs^ couotcrfcitncft, faboIoulWk; ♦ • 


I^Bon a fiddle | aKo dou^ or adiog trifling. 

FIDEJUS'SOR (m Civii lam) « furety^ 
tee who is a pledge and farety for another, 
«lpecttllT in a peconiary affair. 

FIDEL'ITY (fidtluM, UfiMiti^ F.) 
bkhlvlneft, Integntr, jM>Deily. 

FJDUACIAL (fdHtciartif L. ) trufty. Aire. 

FIDUCIARY (fidndariui, L.) tnifty, 
Sut I alio ukta opoa tnift, jb at to be xe- 

FtE //f Ft «0&/ L.) an intetjeaion de- 
BMing diiapprobation on acoount of abfurdityy 
iUcenity, fft* 

FIELD Of€trt (t!\ an Jirmf) are fach at 
have the power lad command over a whole 
VIM. Colvul, Litmttnani-C^lvnet and 

M^\ bol thofe whole commandt reach no 
Aftherlban a troop, are not fieid-oiBcers. 

FIELD ^ tf Fahttift^^ the groond of it* 

FIELD k^»rh\m Fortif,) are works thrown 
«p by ao amy in die belieglng of a fortrefs } 
«r fay the befiegei in defence of 4ie place. 

FiE'AABRAS (f. #. fierce at armt) an 
heAor or bully, F. 

FIERCENESS (ftrocft9t^ L. finat/^ F.) 
Cwtoe6, ftemnefs, bcftial fbry. 

FI'ERINESS (Fyjviejnejrjf, Satt^) fieiy 
«r Moot nature or quality. ^ 

niERY (Fy|ucs> S^m.) hot, fmioai, hafty, 

FIFE* • ooQiity is SiotUad, ftc. 

FIFE />9^<» F.) a fort of wind mttfick, a 

FiOA»RY, (f. i. fagary, of vagari to 
nve and ramble up and down) -a roving or 
■WMiilna abovt ; alfe a caprice or whiooiey. 

nOHT'ER (of p\kz of |:eohian, Smx.) 
■•ne who figbtc 

• FIGHTS (at Sta) are where the 
rip does not ftand the battle, but it 
Uy chat*d. 

tl&ViiALNiimhen 7 atefuchnutn- 

FIGOJRATIVE Nmi^ 5 bert at do or- 
fioarily reprcfent fome geooictrica] figure, and 
a» always coofidcied in relation thereto, be- 
ing diher /fOMry, Jmperficial or foHd* 

FICURANCE (figuranti0^ L.) an ex. 
ffcfiig, figuring, or drawing forms or Ihapes, 

FICURATB D^^m (with ilAi/.) is that 
wlictcin difcoids are intermixed with the con- 
cords, caird tiiojimddifeam, and may aptly 
he tenncd the rhetorical part of mofick, in- 
stench as here are brought in all the variety 
«£ poiats, iyncopm, figures, and whatever 
flMc is capalde of affording an ornament to 
gfae compofitfoo. 

FlGURATE e omat rp9im (in Muf,) that 
wslMRto there is a mixtare off diicordt along 
wridi the eoocoids. 

VIOURATiON, a dftiooiag, a refem- 
Maace, a Aape ; al^ a chimerical vifion, X.. 

FIQIURATION (with BUtoridam) a ft. 
^Brtio which there is a jep{^deatatkin of the 

. . PI 

maanen and paiEoM of. men, dther to dKhr^ 
praife or reproach; 

FICIJRATIVE (fiptraiivmt, t.) of of 
pertaining to, or fpdken by way<of figure, or 
thtt reaches under (bme obfcuce scfemblancek 
FIGURATIVE StiU^ it one which abounds 
in figures. 

FIG'URATIVELY (fig^rtment, F./gu^ , 
rgtive, L.) after tf fi|urative manner, or. 
fpoken by way of figure. ^ 

FIGURE (in7^tf%) the^nyfteries repre- 
fented or delivered obfcureiy to «s under cer« 
Uin types ii the 0/d Ttjlament. 

FIGURE (w!thGr0M«Mr.) tn expiefiion 
which deviates fiom the common and na- 
tural rules of grammar } either for the fake 
of elegancy or brevity, as when any word it 
lef^ to be fupplied by the reader, 9fc. 

Regular FIGURE, is one which is eqoila* 
teral aiod equiangular. 

ImgitUr FIGURE, is that which is ftot 

FIGURE (in ^mM is the reaaogio 
made under the latut rt&um and tnmf'vtrpm 
in the HyptrbcU. 

FIGURE (in jfrcbifeffari) feulptoie, ie« 
prefentation oif things made on folid matter. 

FIGURE (fai Fmnting, Drdwhtg, Sec.) thn 
lines sod coloun which form Ae reprefonta- 
tion of a man or any thing elfe.. 

FIGURE (in Dancing) the fevcral ftepa 
which the dancert make in order and cadenflft^ 
which mark divert figuret on the floor, t 
FIGURE (in Rbetariek) it when a woafta 
ufed to figntfy a thing which is not properto 
it, and which ufq has applyed to Ibmething 
eUe $ then that manner of expreffion k figura- 
tive \ or figuret are mannert of exprefiion dK- 
tin^ from thoie that are natural and eommon. 
FIG'URES (in Rhetoric) are not to be 
looked upon only at certain terms invented by 
I Rketorieiant for the ornament of their dif<* 
courfe, God has not denied to the foul what 
he has granted to the bodyj at the body 
knows how to repel injuries, fo the fool can 
ddend itfelf at well, and it it not by natute 
immoveable, when it it attacked | all thn 
figures which the foul makes ufe of in dif- 
courie, when it it moved, have .the iame ef- 
foa at the pofturet of the body. Figuret fas 
difcourfc are at proper to defond the mind, aa 
pofiuret are to defood the body in corpmeal 

77#j/r/Vtf/ FIGURES (smong RbttmeioMs) 
are fnch at bad orators affedl when they mea- 
fure their words, and give them a cadence to 
tickle the eart ) tho* they figure their dif- 
coarfcs, yet It it with fuch'figures, which be* 
ing compared to thofe that are ilrong and per* 
fuafive, are like the poftures in a dance to 
thofo in a battle. The art and afiTe^tion that 
appears in a painted difcourfe, fays a certain 
author, are nocthe character of a fool truly 
tottch'd with the thingi it Ipeakt of, but 
under no concern at«U< 


f 1 . , • 

. TtGUKtS of Drfcourfiy ut cctrioriinfrf 
ways of ipeakiog, very difl(^ntfit»m the^com- 
Sion and natural. 

FIGURES of ff^rds f among ^bttorUiam) 
afe qaite different from fi^arei of difcourfe \ 
for figures of drfcouife are prodaced chiefly by 
tlie a^tiojto of the foul ^ /igures of words 
« are five calmnefs and ftudy of the miiid. A 
flgnre of wordt confi^ fosactimes in the re- 
petition of the fame word, the fame letter, 
•nd the fame Ibund, wMrh, the' it is often 
di(agtee^e> yet never (hocks when the repe- 
tition is made with art. This repetition is 
made ibmetimes in the beginning of fentences, 
fiwietimet hi the middle^ and fome^iffles in the 
«lid Gf festences. 

prelentsdf having figures or iSrms drawn up- 

Fl'tCHS R [unfiUn^ T. } a private thief. 
' i^lL^ with iotamjh) is iffed to fignify 
thofe threads that are uiuaUy fpiyid hi the 
niiddlenf fidwert, astheLily, Tulip, &c. 
FIL'IALNESS (of fiiiario, L.) (onfhip. 
^ JFIL'LET ( flum, l.,J!Htt, F.) the flcAy 
•fart of the ^g of a calf, iheep, (ffc adjoin* 
iog to the loin. 

FrLLET (m jiii4t.) the eArcmity of the 
-SMmbnftoos ngament under the tongue> mord 
common^ calted the Franwrn or bridle. 

tri/tETS (with Paintert) a little rule or 

Jktet 0f leaf-gold drawn over cert^n movld- 

iSm$i ^ OB thfc edge of frames, pannels, &c. 

' ^IVLETBD {offiet, F. of/Ai«, L. a 

Aftad) baring a fillet or fillets. f 

FIL'tlGRANE(of//iflj*and^/»»»w> L.) 
a kind of inrichoienton gold and filver, deli- 
cately wrought In manner of litHe throKia or 
grains, or both intermixed, 

T(^F%L[Mt (p^bably f,J!j up) to throw 
up a piece orihoney with one's finger and nail j 
aifo to hir with the fame method, 

FILM'INES^ (of Film, ^mt.) filmy qua- 
' Sty, or abouDtCftgwith films or thin /kins. 

FILM'y (Filmic,. Sax, probably of vfAs- 
iMir, L.) having or being full of films. 

FIL'TERED J {filtre, F. of Jffimm, a 
FUL^RATEDj ttrainer, L.) ttnlned 
through a paper, cloth, (ffc. 
FILTH'ILY (of FiHiilic, Sax.) aftera fil- 

• thy manner. 

FiLTHdNESS (ri1)$iner;*e. Sax.) 
dirtinefs, impurity, obfcenenels, naftbe^ 

Fll-nrHY (Fimc, Sax.) dirty, bafc, im- 

• pnrei nafty, obfcene. 

FINALLY (fttalemene, F. fnaUter, JL.) 
in the laft place. In, the end. 

FINDaBLENESS {^fndtiilU, L.) capa- 
hlenefs of being cleft. 

FI'NENESS {fintffii L.) rprucenefs, gay- 

«i(ft in cloaths ; alfo thinliers and fmallncfs'of 

thi-eads^ncloth, &c. 

' - FINES for Alietiation {£tftp term) were 

certain fines paid to the Jcinig by fai« tenapts io 

chief, fw licence to alien or mate oter tftelT 
lands to others. 

A FtkE Executed (in Lrla) is fuch, U 
of its Own force gives a prefent poiTeflion (at 
leafl in Law) to a eognixee, §o that he needs 
no writ of bd6ere facias feifinaa, for ezecQdng 
the lame, but may enter. 

A FINE Executory (in Law) Is fuch as of 
its own force does net execute tJui pofldfion ia 
the cogni^ee. 

A fugle FINE (la Lato) one by whici 
nothing is granted or rendered back agaia 
bv the oogoiftes to the cogniaois or any of 

yt double flf^, contaifls a grant and ren« 
der back either of fome renty common, or 
other thing out of thu land, &c. t« all or 
Ibme of the cognizors for fome efiite, limit- 
mg thereby tiic remainder to ftrangcrs, not 
nahicd in the writ or covenant. 

FINE Drawings a rentering, a fine and 
fm perceptible fewing up the parts of a dctb^ 
&c, torn OT rent la the drefiipgi wear- 
ing, ©V * * 

Yl^lfS^SZ^fmtefi, that peculiar deScacy 
perCervtAi in works of the mind; alfb the 
nicefi, laofl fecret or fuhUoie parts of any ait 
orfcierice, f* ' , . 

FlN'ICALKESS|^ob. oT/a otjiaeji, F) 
afifedednefs m drefs. *' ' 

FIN^ISHER («/«ffir//»V, T.Jimtor^L,) 
one who finifhei^ ends, or ^ajus com pleat. 

FINISHING (with ^cUteSs) is fieqoent- 
ly applied to a Crowning, cAter^ &c. rufed 

over a' piece of building tp tetn^te, i 

pleatorfini(hit. '. „. '*.' 

FINITE'NESS (offitiwi^ B.) 
nefs, determinatenels. ' ' 

FINITEUR (in ItaKan^ riding Aca^mies) 
a term ufed importing tLe end of a career at 

FIN'ITIVE {fnitiwn^ 1.) defining. 

FIRE (Fyfiej^ Sax. Wfr fer.) 
,; FIRE (with Naturalifts) k by fome definal 
to be a company of particlea of the third elf* 
ment, moved with the moft rapid motion 
imaginahle } or a lucid and fiuid body, coa« 
fifting of earthy particles, 'moft fwih^ mov- 
ed by the matter of the firft dement, upon ] 
which they fwimv as it were. 

Fire is not on^ propagated fever^ wayi, 
where there is none. i. By coUeding dbc 
fun*s rays in a convex gUfs, whidi will £t fire 
to that point on whkh tht rays fall, piuvid*^ 
ed it ton>e a combuft.bie matter, i. e. foch aa 
will bum; 2. By (Iriking Hints one agsialb 
the other or agalnft ftieel. j. By rubbing wood 
or iron, or any other fofid body, a great wkda' 
together and very hard, at iaft it yoli tiJbt 
fire: alf^ by winding coeds about a ^k« aii4 
fwiftly twitching them this wa^ and^tit ^Tp 
wiii fee them on fire. 5QCBe,^iar^ canto ftndk 
with a tobacco-pipe, w8l:£sqferq|it firt 

As to the effeas of 1^^* ibgf ^re^ 
at the matter that ^cd»lu' frfire bel 


wood or ioofer fnateriAls, they begia to f!a«it $ 
hot to ^cfte a flame, both the iixe aodcom- 
hftiUe matter muft have the advantage of a^ 
laioaable iree air, or elfe the fire is choaked 
mi IOCS one. And tho* a place is not wholly 
vMumt air, yet if that air have no commu-^ 
flieatioB with the open air, ip as to go back- 
viid and forward thro* fome paflag e, the ma- 
teriab fet /m fire muft go o«t i whereat fire 
te so open place wHI coAtinoe to bum till all 
the iewel is fpeat. A lighted ^ndle quickly 
|KS out u a glaif ib well ^pt that oo air can 

FIRE f acoocduig to ^eancitnt PblUJofben) 
v» acoovnted ao element in nature, created 
with the qnaSty of heating, burning or defbroy- 
log whatever had too great a mixture of it-; 
but aecordiag to the modtm Tbihfophfj it is 
defined to be only the tSt^ of a violent or 
npd motion, exdted in or upon the confum- 
Ing body, fo that whatever ieats, warms or 
kms, is called -fire. 

FtRE {Metspboricatly) at osM to figmfj 
coiirage,' l^n^, metal, vivadtji or bri/kneto 
ia ffiankjnd, or animab ; and at other times 
kh osM.of die matter of fire, as coals, 
vofliland other comboftibles, by the name of 

UbA PntE, a compofition of combuftlble 
Mim^ compoonded by QoteCaJ/imJl^tja engi- 
Bcer ^^e/fV^If t in Syria, m the feventh cen- 
taiy,-jn. 'Order todeftroy the Saraeent flifpi^ 
vttch was by that means efFefled by the ad- 
Biial of the Miperor Pcgonatia** fleet, and 
joooo men deftroy'd* 

The ingredients of this compofition or flxe 
«nc SM^huTf Napbtbe, Fitcb, Gnu, 
Minmta and other drugs { and the property 
of it was that it wonU burn briflceft m water } 
aadwovld difFufeit (elf on all fides, according i 
to the inapreflion given it. It was not to be 
qoeschM by any thing but oil or a mixture of 
viaegar, urine and iand. In the ofing of it 
it was blown out of long tubes of copper, or flu^ 
Itoutofcrofi bowa or other fpringy inftiu- 

F^X 9/ ttudon, a dteadful conflagration 
ftk the year 2666, ^icfa began the fecond of 
Stptmber, in PudMng-Iam, and in three days 
Ipace conf«med yS pariih-eborchet, 5 chapels, 
and befidea halls and the M*cbaiiges, 13200 
hoaies ;. the whole lo(s valued at 9900000 
foandi fttfling. 

FIRB, as f ghft tbtSre to a borfi^ is to 
?pply the firing-iron red hot to fome preter- 
aatwral fwelling, in order %o diftufa it. 

FIRE SbifSf are fl>ips charged with arti* 

ficUfire^works, who having the wind of an 

• «nnpy*t ifasp, grapple her and fet heron fiie* 

FIRE- POTS (with Eapneert) are im^U 

jtethca pots, into wbkh ia put a .greude 

fitted with powder, and covered with a piece 

fli parchment and two matthet laid acrofs 

t lilliMd, whkhisto]^thsownl>yikhandleof 

B^Md^ CO bmn' What Uicy Mf^ to fet 


riRE-BAREJ (ofFynebcannao,5:«r.1 

FIRE-BOOT? a fort of beacon to be fet 
on the highef^bililn every bundled through- 
Hiyt the kingdom of England, 

&tmat/xry FIRE 7 is fuch as it exif^ in 

PurtFlRE J itfclf, and which w* 

properly c^H fire; of itfelf it is inperceptible, 
and only iflifcovers itfelf by certain efiTeda 
which it producea in bodies. 

Cmswo* FIRE 7 » that which exiiW in, 
. CtUijfary FIRE J igiifted bodies, or ia «- 
'cited by the former in combuftible matter* 

Foteniial FfBJEf isdiat^onc^iiwdincanftkk' 

FIRE-XParicr«, lahonrers or nnder-oAccn 
to the fire-maften. 

fTbeel FIRE (with Cbymfls) ope that it 
lighted all round a crocibte or other vefl'el, t9 
heat it all alike. 

O/ymj^ick FIRE, k that of the* fun, col* 
lodged in thtfieui of a bumbg minour. 

Aaua/ FIRE (with Surgum) is a hot iron, 

nKZ'Mafitr (in our Train Sfj^tiiUry) an 
bificer who gives dire^ions, and the pr.opor- 
Cionsof the ingredients for ail the co^^fitiong 
of fire- works. 

FIRE Stontt a flone ufed about chisuurfi 
or fire- hearths, which receives, retain^^pd 
adfo emiu heat. ^ 

FIRE-fisr/er, a fort of chftrlatan, ojt on^ 
t4io pretends to eat fire hefon fpcdatort at 

FIRE-XFVilfy are prepara^ona made of . 
gun-powder, folphur, and otjber inflanimtlp 
iogredknts on occafion of pi^li<Jc rejoiq|i;|B^ 

fyild'tVS^y « fort of artificial or fii^tioaa 
fire, which will bom even under water \ and 
alfo with greater violence than ;Out of it. 

ff^alking FIRE, a Jack in a Lanfbttn» og 

St. Arttbony*% FIRE, a cerUin difeafe. 
Oegrtetof FIJfcE (with Cbymtftt) are five, 
Tht Jirft degree is equal to the natural heat 
of a human tedy, or that of ft hen hatching 
her eggs. 

Thtfeeond degree^ is fuch as gives a peHon 
pain, but does not deftroy or coofame the 
parts, as that of a i<;orching fun. 

The tbird degree, is that of boiling water, 
which ieparates and deflroys the parts of bo- 

Tht fourtb degree, is that which melts me- 
tals and deftroys every thing elfe. 

The fftb degree, is that whereby gold ii 
made to emit fumes and evaporate. 

FIR'KiN-lltf'^. one who buys fmall beer of 
the brewer, and fells it again to bis cuAomers. 

FIRM OPrwtfi, L.) z. Strong, noteafily 
pier<;ed or maken, hard, oppofed ,to foft : !• 
conflant, fteady, refolute^ fixed, unfliaken* 
The man that*s refc^ute and jufl, 
firm to his principles and truft. 
Nor iiopcs nor &ait oin blind. 

k ^( 

P d 4 






TTZ'ZING {'veffa, F.) a beaklfig wia 
baclcwards without ■ noiTe. 

To FIRM (frmof L.) i. To fettle, con- 
firm, to eftibliih, to fix. 
Oil thoQ, who free*ft me from my doubtful ftate, 
I>)Dg loft and wilder*d m the m»se of fate ! 
Be prefent ftill $ O goddeft, in our aid * 

Proceed, and/ns tbofe omens thou htft made« 

•«. To fix without wandering. 

WlRMAMEirrcfirauamnmm, L.) the iky, 

Che heavens. 
ttt firmament expanfe of liquid, parCi 
Tranfpareot, elemental air, diffus'd 
In circuit to the uttermoft convex 
Of this great round. Mik. Par, Lof» 
HRMNESS, ftability, hardneft^ Iblidity, 

fteadinefs, conftancy, refolation. I ia 

FIR'MA (ih the Braaick in Scotland) a [ of 

duty whkh Che tenant pays to hit landlord 
. riR'MAN (in /idlftf, or the ilf<^i coun- 
try) a paflTport or permit granted to foreign 
. Tetfelt to trade within their jurifdiAion. 
FIR'MARY, a fomer*s right to the lands 
and tenementslet to him, adJSrmam, Lawterm. 
FIR'ME (OU Rec.yai farm or land and te- 
oementt, hired at a certain rate. 

FIRM/NESS (in a Pbilofilbical Senfi) ac- 
coidiog to Mr* Boylt, connfts, in that the 
particles which compofe foch bodies as are 
commonly caBed firm or /o/W, are pretty 
grois, andare dther fomuch at reft, or fo 
«MUng1ed otfi with another, that there is a 
^tttual cohefion, or flicking together of thdr 
, t^afCl, to that they cannot flow from, Aide 
ofer, or fpread themfelves every way from 
one another, ai the parts of fluid bodies ca^, 
or it is defined to be a confidence or that ftate 
of a body, wherein ita fenfible parts ara fo 
^nited^ together, that a motbn of one part 
induces a motion of the reft. 

FIRST Frtiin^ the profits of Ipiritual liv- 
ings for one year, which in old time were 
given to the Pope throvjgioot Cbriftendmn^ but 
here in Enf^fmy ^ranfiated ia the king, by 
ibt. %6<^ Henry VIII. and queen j^mu, in the 
third yea^ of her reign, granted that whole 
revenue to fettle a frind for Che augmenution 
of the poor clergy. 

FIRST Fruits ^aisong |he Jevn) were the 
firft prodtscc of rtoe corn, and other fruits, 
alfo of man or beaits, which they were com- 
manded to oflTer to God to fandify and pro* 
core a Uefling on the reft of the produd. 

FISC Cfifi'h !*•) the tieafury of a prince 
or ftate } or that to which all things due to 
Che publick do fall. 

GreenT ISHf is what has been htely ialted 
and ftilt ^mains moift. 

Rid FISH, is fome frelh filh broiled on z 
gridiron, <hen fryed in oil, and afterwards 
har -elled up in fome proper liquor. 

OviparouM FISHES, fuch as produce their 
kkid by eggs or fpawn. . 

Vhuipar^m FISHES, fiich as pradvce their 
. kind alive. 


Tbfviatik FISHES, river fifiu 

Cetaeewi FIS HES, thofe of the whale kiod^ 

Csrtilaginout FISHES, fuch as have manyi 
cartilage or griftles, atthorabacks, &c. 

Spifmt FISHES, (uch as have prickks, at 
thornbacks, fiTc. 

FrSH-MONGER (Fir£-mancB|ie, Z*x\ 
afellerof fifli. 

FISH-MONGERS, they we ftmitlx 
two companies, the Stocks 
fift>. and S^ltfifif-moMgers^ 
who united Anno 1^)6. 
They are fix wardens (the 
firft of which is called the 
prime wardens) aS aflift- 
antt, and %%% upon die 
livpy } their fine is about 

/. They are the 4th 
the t% companiea. 



Their armorial enfigns are amtfn, thiee dol- 
phins MitfMtin pale, between two pair of !«- 
tka falterwife proper crowned «r, 00 a cfaio 
guies, fix keys hi three ialtires (thp ward cod 
upwards^ as the crowns. The areft on a beii 
met and torce, two arms fupportingaoim^ 
perial crown upon the (econd. The Umomn 
a merman and maid, the firft armed, the lit* 
terwitl^a mirror in her left hand proper. 
The mottb. All tiMrJbip bt to God tdm^' 
FIS'SILE (fim, L.) that may bccWt 
FISSILENESS {aififfiUs, L.) aptnefa wlie 

f ISK'IKOt running about here and tboe, 
flirting from place to place. 

FlS'rULATED (^Utm, h,) ly'^^ 
FIS'TY Cyffi, Uows with the fiit ^ 
A FIT (y . d. afigbt] it being a cooffia be- 
tween nature and the dlleafe* 

To FIT (be^czan, Sajt,) toag^wttlJ, 

be fiseable to, to befeem. • 

FITS ofeajy RefieBion oftU %i ef^* 

(in Oftich) the difpofition of the rayi to m 

refledW at any time. 5ir Ifosc Ifivtm. 

FITS 0/ iafy 'namjkifion (in Optidt) tljC 
difpofition of the rays of light ^ be ttsiif* 
mitted. Sir Jftac NetPton. 
FIVE fFif, Sax.) V, or <. 
FIVE-FOLD (Fif-feaT*, 5**.) fiwtiiitti 
as much. 

FIVE-FOOT, g Ibrt of feainfca, ealW 
alfo a ftar-fifli. 

To FIX Cfixnm, ftp, ofj^crr, Ufaif*. 
F.) to faften, to fet, to appoint. 

FIX./ED (fijcys, L,/*r; F) Ww«^ 
lettled, fee, appointed. 

Ff X'EDNESS t§ 41 ihii^^ clofe app&«w»* 
attachment ,4^c« 

FIXEDNESS (with Oymifi) aquiKiyop- 
pofite to volatility. 

FIXT MfdiMt (in thejriwra/) ««jj5 * 

neither fire nor any corrofive has fuch vna^ 

as to reduceor lefoive them into ihdr cegj* 

nent eJements, j. *. abfolutelytodeftroywj*' 

FJXT-»fl*«f (with ajm^) fuch »^ 



%t nkKt of the "fire without enpon^g. 

FLAB9IKESS (piobabhr of ik^/'/ify L; 
«et thia|p bdog comiiioiiW fo) Unberoefi^ 
^teefiandlnaUfaieft} oppoote to ftiffaefii. 

ILACCUVlTy 1 {ofJkcdJM*^ L. /*/- 

FUCtlDNESSf. f«^ F.) fla^gnefs, 
iakmefr, wemkads^ aptnefi to bang down. 

FLACCI'DITY ^in Bbyjick) a difoitder of 
«ke ttrti'lir folid pafti of the body, oppofite 
iBriiMity or iliffnefa. 

FLAGS, ait enfigof or tokeha of loyalty, 
•ad for iift^p£HQQ of nations, QTr. a< to their 
ibra, all enfigns of «rar vreie /aid to be ez- 
tadedoa tmtk ftavet, but the Sa^^etu upon 
tbeir fieriog en the kingdom of Spain ^ had 
tbeir Aagi made pointed pr tfiangular. 

The pintct of Algitrt and all along the 
toAcS Barha^y^ bear a fix cornered flag. 
Jc ii foJct charged with a iiioreik*s head, coifed 
mil its turban, &c. 

The ¥r*mcb flag is blue, charged with a 
wftite croft and the arms vf France. 

Ilochantt ihipt ufoally bear their flags on 
ik nines maft with the arms of the city 
dkj btlong to. 

FLAG R9yfiI{oi England) or ftandard royal 
Mlbtto'Be jrrlW (vfVts. «r) at (bme fay; or, 
m stbersf argent or white. It is charasd with 
i ^wrfeitd efcntcheoa of England, Scotland, 
fmcf, and Irtlamd, Thit is never carried 
tet If the fovereign piioce himfelf, his high 

iUothier FLAG Rcyal (of England) is 
fMtrly,tbe ikft and fourth quarter counter- 
fMrtucd. In which the firft and fourth 
«Bwt, ^ntjlwwtr-dflncei. Or, The royal 
tnn of France, qoarteted with the imperial 
wligM of Ei^/amd, which are inr ths fecond 
and thM nla, ekht /mm pajfant^ gardami in 
^; or m tfae-fecood phice within a doubk 
$H/artimnttrfawer'da*lBee, Or, a Hon rant' 
^tignla, lor the royal arms of Stnelaad. 
Mm the icceod place, oMitrw an Jrtjb harp, Or, 
ftribfed srgeni fot the royal eofigni of Ireland, 

B«t fiMoetimes thetie it as alteration, as in 
teiag the MinUP nua before the finacb and 
the like. 

Vnkn FLAG (of England) is gnltt charged 
^riih theft wMds* 


FLAG (of the admiral of England^ is red, 
chsged wick an anchor argent, ict m pale, 
nansiigliid in, and wosad about with n-cable 
nf the lame* 

JaU FLAG (of Et^laad) is Uue, charged 
with a fiiltire «r2««r,and a crois fviSn, broder« 

FLAG (of an Englip Merchantjbip)iitt4, 
vkh a Framk quarter jrjear, chaffed with a 
cnA gmkt» 

FLAGS, art the coloars that the admirals 
of a Aeet carry on their tops, and arc marks 
if 0ft$Mi£tion, both of oAesrs and aadoos. 

An Admir^ ctnlas lui flaf on th« mala 

F L 

top or top of die aain-maft t the wVe Ad^^ 
miral CMrrica his on the fore-top, and the rtar 
Admiral his on the missen«>tDp. 

"When they are to hold a council of war at 
fea, if it be to be held on board the admiral, 
the flag hangs in the maim^^ovMb ; if on 
board the vice-admiral, in the fire-Jbrowt^ 
and if on board the rear-admiral, in the aitai* 

Commanders of fqoadrens carry thdr flage 
on the mixxen-maft when in the body of n 
fleet, and on the main-maft when they com^ 
mand a party. It is to be open two-thiids 
of Its height, and terminate in a point* 
To hwer a FLAG 1 is to take it in or pnll 
Tofirikt a FLAG | it down upon the cap. 
And this is a refpedldoe from all fliips or fleets, 
that are inferior, either in refpe^i of right of 
fovereignty, place, &c, and figplfies an ac« 
knowiedgement and fubtniffion, when the]f 
happen to meet with any that are juftly their 
fuperiors ; it is alfo a flgnal of yielding. 

And in the cafe of fovereignty in th^ oar* 
row feat of Britain, it hat been long claim*4 
and made good by our kings, that if anf 
fliip of any nation, meeting with an admiraC 
of England, fliall not acknowledge his fove* 
rdgnty, by this fignal of taking in her flafi^ 
flie may and it to be treated at an enemy* 

To heave out a FLAG, is to But it aDoafd«- 
> FLAG Officers, are thofii who tomauaJT 
the fereral (qua^ns of a fleet, ai adifiirffjg 
vice-admirals, and rear-admirals. 

FLAGS (with f'aUentrs) the featb«t i« 

the wings of an hawk, nentthe principal ones* 

FLaG'GING (Fleojfan, Sax, ot Bagger 

ren, Dat«) hao^g down, growing limber^ 

weak or feeble. 

FLAG'GY (of Fkf^n, Sate.) Einler^ 
6fc.) alfo ^1 of flags or riTcr-graft. 
FLAGITIOS'ITY 7 CM'^'^fi^h L.) 
FLAGI^IOUSNESS Soatragmswkk* 

FLA'GRANT (M''^^ L.) veiy hol^ 
eager or earneft $ alio notorious, hiftmoos | 
a^b evident, manifeft. 

FL A'GRANTLY (fiarrantm-, L. darneft. 

ly, ardently ; alio notorioufly, manifefUy, &u 

FLA'GRANTNESS (fiag'OMiia, L.) 

flamlngnefs, glit^ngnels, ardentncfe of de« 

fire, earneftncfs \ alfo notorieufnefb 

FLAGR ACTION, a iUming, burning^ 
glittering, an azdent defire, L. 

To FtARE (probably ifiare, L. to blow} 
to fweal or melt away as a candle docs. 

FLAICINESS, the having flakes} flaky 

FLA'KY (probably of/tv^nf, L. a lock of 
wool) in flakes or thin Dices. 
FLAM'BEAU, a torch made of wax, F* 
FLAME (in a figarative fenfe) an ardent 
aflTe^on or paflloo } alio a raging anger j con* 

FLA'MET 7 a large wild fowl of the 

FLAM'MAMT j fiae of * wild gooir,